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C 310/156 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 9. 10.

98

(98/C 310/216) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1065/98


by Glyn Ford (PSE) to the Commission
(6 April 1998)

Subject: Grant to neo-Nazi group

Would the Commission investigate claims that the German-based Society for Biological Anthropology,
Eugenics and Behavioural Research collected a grant of £75,000 from the EU agricultural fund? What criteria
was used to decide funding to such a group?

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission


(22 April 1998)

The Commission would refer the Honourable Member to its answer to written question No P-4231/97 by
Mrs Bloch von Blottnitz (1).

(1) OJ C 187, 16.6.1998, p. 138.

(98/C 310/217) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1114/98


by Harald Ettl (PSE) to the Commission
(8 April 1998)

Subject: European Parliament call for a White Paper on the social aspects of EU enlargement to the east
(A4-0368/97)

‘Fail to act now, pay later’ applies in particular to consideration of the social aspects of EU enlargement to the
east.

What measures has the Commission taken in response to the call in paragraph 62 of the resolution in the
Oostlander/Baron Crespo report on Agenda 2000 (A4-0368/97) for the drawing up of a White Paper on social
policy in relation to EU enlargement to the east? What internal organizational steps has it already made? What
other measures does it intend to adopt and within what time-scale?

Answer given by Mr Flynn on behalf of the Commission


(20 May 1998)

The Commission is fully aware of the social dimension of the enlargement process. The Commission has
privileged an action-oriented approach, in particular in elaborating the accession partnerships, which indicate all
the issues that each applicant country will have to address in preparation for membership. In all ten accession
partnerships the area of employment and social affairs is recognised as a priority area, with explicit mention of
the following points:
− development of appropriate labour market structures and joint review of employment policies as preparation
for participation in Community co-ordination;
− alignment of labour and occupational health and safety legislation and development of enforcement
structures, in particular early adoption of the framework directive on health and safety at work;
− enforcement of equal opportunities between women and men;
− further development of active, autonomous social dialogue;
− further development of social protection;
− steps to bring public health standards into line with Community norms.
9. 10. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 310/157

As part of the mechanisms put in place to ensure an adequate follow-up to this, there will be regular monitoring
of the implementation of the accession partnerships in the relevant (sub-)committees operating in the framework
of the Europe agreements. The Commission will present regular reports reviewing the progress made by each
applicant country in the implementation of the accession partnership, including the mentioned social policy
issues. Moreover, the Phare management committee will ensure that financing decisions are compatible with the
accession partnerships.

(98/C 310/218) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1125/98


by Marjo Matikainen-Kallström (PPE) to the Commission
(8 April 1998)

Subject: Charges to Erasmus programme exchange students

The basic idea of the Erasmus programme, which is funded by the European Union, is reciprocal free movement
of students in the Member States without their being charged separate tuition fees. However, I have heard of
cases in Britain, for instance, where Finnish exchange students were charged tuition fees or required to make
comparable payments under various pretexts.

What will the Commission do to ascertain how widespread such infringements of the principles underlying the
exchange programme are, and what will the Commission do to ensure that all educational establishments
participating in exchange programmes abide by the same rules?

Answer given by Mrs Cresson on behalf of the Commission


(20 May 1998)

An essential condition for participation in the student mobility action of the Erasmus Chapter of Socrates is that
the student must not be charged a university fee by the host institution for the study period abroad. The student’s
home institution is, however, permitted to continue to charge such fees during this study period.

‘University fees’ include payments for tuition, registration, examinations, access to laboratory or library
facilities. Small fees may, however, be charged to incoming Erasmus students on an equal basis with local
students for costs such as insurance, student unions, and the use of miscellaneous material such as photocopiers,
laboratory products.

The Commission pursues all cases brought to its attention in which Erasmus students claim to have been charged
university fees by their host institution. It investigates the circumstances of each case, in consultation with the
relevant Socrates or Erasmus national agency as appropriate, to determine whether an infringement of the
programme rules has taken place.

If the Honourable Member were able to furnish the Commission with the names and circumstances of Finnish
Erasmus students required to pay tuition fees at British universities, the Commission would examine the matter.

(98/C 310/219) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1415/98


by Riitta Myller (PSE) to the Commission
(11 May 1998)

Subject: The right of citizens of the European Union to vote in local elections in the Member States

Citizens of the European Union are supposed to have the same opportunities to exercise citizens’ rights, such as
voting in municipal elections in the Member State where they live, even if they are not nationals of the State
concerned, on the same conditions as nationals of that State. In principle, at least, this right is a significant step
towards a stronger Citizens’ Europe. However, shortcomings have emerged in the way in which this right is
ensured in the Member States.