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Voice Trunking Gateway

FEATURES • G.168 echo cancellation of • Signaling supported:

up to 16 msec per channel Transparent CAS
• Efficiently transmits up to • Group III Fax relay support signaling, including R2
16 E1 or T1 voice trunks and E&M
over a single link at rates of 4.8 to 14.4 kbps
Transparent CCS
• Simultaneous transmission • Transparent modem support signaling, including ISDN,
over IP and TDM networks for all common rates and QSIG and SS7
• Unique TDMoIP
• QoS support: • Management via
multiplexing, together with user terminal, secured
various voice compression Labeling IP level priority SNMP and Telnet
algorithms, provides up to (ToS)
16:1 compression for VLAN tagging and priority • Enhanced local and remote
effective bandwidth diagnostics tools
labeling according to IEEE
utilization 802.1p&q • Hot swappable voice
• modules
Single Ethernet and • Supports HDLC channel
redundant E1/T1 uplink compression • Optional dual
ports available hot-swappable power
• DTMF/MFR2/MFC signal supply modules for load
• Bandwidth is dynamically detection, generation and sharing and redundancy
utilized according to Voice relay
Activity Detection and • Compact 1U-high platform,
silence suppression compatible with 19" racks
Voice Trunking Gateway
DESCRIPTION power supply modules. All • E1/T1 link redundancy is
modules are plug-in and controlled by the main board
field-replaceable. Power supply host, based on physical alarm
• Vmux-2100 is a modular Voice and Voice Compression modules reports, providing automatic
Trunking Gateway that are hot-swappable. switching between the redundant
compresses and transports up to E1/T1 links in case of a link failure.
16 E1 or T1 voice trunks over E1, • Vmux-2100 is unique in that it is a
T1 or IP links. Vmux-2100 single device that can transmit • Ethernet performance monitoring
employs G.723.1, G.729 Annex A compressed voice over both TDM and statistics are available for
and G.711 compression and IP networks, and can easily packets received and sent to the
algorithms, together with RAD’s switch between them whenever IP network, collisions, deferred
unique TDMoIP multiplexing, to this may be advantageous or transmission and carrier sense
transmit up to 480/384 voice necessary. Switching transmission errors (RFC 1643).
channels, including transparent between TDM and IP links does
not require additional investments VOICE COMPRESSION MODULES
CAS and CCS signaling, over a
single E1/T1 or IP link. in equipment and only minimal • Each Vmux-2100 Voice
configuration changes. Compression module includes 2 or
• Voice Activity Detection (VAD)
and silence suppression MAIN LINK MODULE 4 E1/T1 ports. The timeslots
techniques are used by received from the PBX E1/T1
Vmux-2100, so that bandwidth is • The Main Link module features a trunks are compressed by the
only allocated when it is required, single 10/100BaseT UTP or fiber modules using standard G.711,
thus conserving bandwidth. The optic Ethernet port with optional G.723.1, or G.729.A algorithms.
gateway detects, generates and Auto-Negotiation support. The The compressed payload bytes are
relays DTMF/MFR2/MFC Ethernet port operates at then encapsulated into a TDMoIP
signaling. 10/100 Mbps speeds, half and full packet that runs over IP. The size
duplex. The Ethernet interface is and packetizing interval are
• Vmux-2100 supports relay of compliant with the IEEE 802.3 user-configurable. The Ethernet
Group III fax, as well as all standard. It supports full packets are forwarded to the
common modem rates and Auto-Negotiation according to Ethernet switch, which sends them
standards. Modem transmissions 802.3x flow control for full to one of the main links:
are handled as voice band data. duplex, and backpressure option 10/100BaseT or E1/T1.
for half duplex.
• Vmux-2100, only 1U-high, is a • Timeslots are grouped together
compact modular unit, that can • In addition to the standard into bundles. A different
be installed in 19” racks. The unit Ethernet port, the Main Link destination IP address can be
consists of up to four Voice module can also be ordered with configured for each bundle to
Compression modules, a single a redundant pair of E1 or T1 ports support any-to-any connectivity
Main Link module, and up to two with RJ-45 connectors. (see Figure 1).



Central Site
E1/T1s Site B E1/T1s
PSTN IP Network 10/100BaseT

Vmux-2100 Vmux-2100

Site C


Figure 1. Voice Trunking over IP in an Any-to-Any Point Application

• By preventing packets from being • Vmux-2100 can be configured
sent when no voice activity is • Vmux-2100’s IP port complies and monitored via a local ASCII
detected, the VAD mechanism with all relevant Ethernet LAN terminal, Telnet, or via RADview,
conserves bandwidth. The standards, such as IEEE 802.3 and RAD’s Network Management
improved bandwidth utilization 802.3u. It provides reliable, high system. Vmux-2100 provides a
enables Vmux-2100 to support a quality of service (QoS), by DB-9 Control port for direct
higher number of channels over optional VLAN tagging and connection of a local terminal for
TDM links than is possible by priority labeling according to monitoring and control. For
using conventional voice IEEE 802.1p&q. off-site management, a terminal
compression methods alone. By • The user can configure the ToS can also be connected via a
performing TDMoIP multiplexing (Type of Service) of the outgoing modem extension to the Control
and grouping the timeslots of IP packets. This allows an en-route port using the optional
G.723.1 compressed voice Layer 3 router or switch, which CBL-VMUX-MM-MODEM cable.
together into bundles with a
common IP address, actual link
supports ToS (or Diffserv), to give • Since Vmux-2100’s internal
higher priority to Vmux-2100 IP control unit has its own IP
bandwidth used per channel can traffic for delay-sensitive address, the Ethernet port can also
be reduced to as low as 4 kbps (a applications.
reduction of 16:1). This enables a be conveniently utilized as a
single Vmux-2100 unit, fully • Assigned, IANA-registered UDP connection to management
socket number for TDMoIP systems running over Ethernet
equipped with four 4-port Voice
Compression modules, to simplifies flow classification networks. Management systems
compress and transmit up 16 E1 through switches and routers. connected to one unit’s Ethernet
port can even serve a remote unit,
or T1 trunks (480/384 voice
channels) over a single 2 Mbps E1 MANAGEMENT by placing the management
information in a dedicated
or 1.5 Mbps T1 link (see Figure 3). • All operating parameters of the timeslot of the TDM link (in-band
• CAS and CCS signaling are Vmux-2100 are configured using a management). See Figure 4.
transparently transmitted simple, menu-based software. For
end-to-end (see Figure 2). upgrades or backup, software • For system security, Vmux-2100
upload and download can be provides four different levels for
Vmux-2100 transmits HDLC-based
CCS signaling protocols such as performed via TFTP. users: Monitor, Technician,
SS7, ISDN and QSIG as HDLC Operator and Administrator. Up
to 20 different usernames with
over IP. HDLC frames are
removed, and any signal payload is passwords can be defined.
sent in an IP packet. For ISDN and
QSIG protocols, this results in
significant bandwidth savings.

E1/T1 Trunks E1/T1 Trunks

using CCS using CCS
10/100BaseT 10/100BaseT


Vmux-2100 Vmux-2100

IP Network

E1/T1 Trunks E1/T1 Trunks

using CAS using CAS
10/100BaseT 10/100BaseT


Vmux-2100 Vmux-2100

Figure 2. Compressed Voice over IP, Including Transparent Transmission of CCS and CAS Signaling
Voice Trunking Gateway
SPECIFICATIONS • Copper UTP Interface Control Port
Range: up to 100m (330 ft) on For direct connection of terminal,
MAIN LINK MODULE UTP Cat.5 cable located on the Main Link module
Main Link Module includes a single Connector: RJ-45 • Standards
Ethernet port standard, with addition • Multimode Fiber Interface RS-232/V.24 (DCE)
of redundant E1 or T1 ports optional Fiber type: 1300 nm, multimode • Data Rate
Max range: 2 km (1.2 miles) 9.6, 19.2, 38.4, 57.6 or
Ethernet Port
Connector: LC 115.2 kbps
• Number of Ports • Single Mode Fiber Interface
1 • Connector
Fiber type: 1300 nm, single mode DB-9, female
• Standards Max range: 20 km (12 miles)
IEEE802.3, 802.3u, Ethernet, Connector: LC
802.1p&q Note: Maximum range achieved with VOICE COMPRESSION MODULES
• Data Rate fiber interface is subject to actual cable
• Compression Algorithms
10 or 100 Mbps, half duplex or G.723.1 (5.3 or 6.4 kbps), G.729 A
full duplex, auto-negotiate E1 Ports (8 kbps), G.711 (a-law or µ-law)
• Statistics • Number of Ports • Silence Suppression
According to RFC 1643, or 2 (one active, other for backup) G.723.1 A, G.729B
RFC 2665:
Received frames: • Connectors (per port) • Echo Cancellation
RJ-45 for balanced interface 16 msec per channel as per G.168
Correct Frames, Correct Octets,
Alignment Errors, FCS Errors. Note: CBL-RJ45/2BNC adapter is available • Fax Relay
Transmitted frames: for converting each Main Link module E1 Group III, 4.8, 9.6, 14.4 kbps
port RJ-45 connector into a pair of of BNC
Correct Frames, Correct Octets, • Voice Band Data
connectors for unbalanced coax interface.
Single Collision, Transparent support for modems
Multiple Collision, Deferred T1 Ports
Transmission, Late Collision, • Signaling Support
Carrier Sense Error • Number of Ports Transparent CAS signaling,
2 (one active, other for backup) including R2 and E&M
• Indicators
ACT (green) – blinks when traffic • Statistics Transparent CCS signaling,
Full statistical diagnostics including ISDN, QSIG and SS7
is detected over the Ethernet
line capability according to • MF Signaling Support
LINK (green) – ON when Ethernet ANSI T1.403-1989 DTMF, MFR2, MFC detection,
line is O.K. Local support of ESF diagnostics generation and relay
according to AT&T PUB 54016
• Ports per Module
• Connectors (per port) According to ordering:
RJ-45 E1 Port Modules
2 (60 channels max) or
Note: Additional E1/T1 interface specifications 4 (120 channels max),
that are applicable for both main link and voice T1 Port Modules
ports are listed under General. 2 (48 channels max) or
4 (96 channels max)

16 x E1/T1 16 x E1/T1
Trunks Trunks
E1/T1 E1/T1
TDM Network

Vmux-2100 Vmux-2100

Figure 3. Vmux-2100 Enables Supporting up to 480/384 Voice Channels

over a Single E1/T1 TDM Link
Voice Trunking Gateway

GENERAL T1 Ports Other

E1 Ports • Data Rate • E1/T1 Alarms (per port)
1.544 Mbps (per port) LOS – Loss of Signal
• Data Rate LOF – Loss of Frame
2.048 Mbps (per port) • Standards
ANSI T1.403, AT&T TR-62411, AIS – Alarm Indication Signal
• Standards ITU-T Rec. G.703 RDI – Remote alarm
ITU-T Rec. G.703, G.704, G.706, LOMF (E1 only) – Loss of
G.732, G.823 • Framing Multiframe alarm
SF, ESF LCV – Line Code Violation
• Framing
G.732N • Line Code • Unit Panel Indicators
G.732N with CRC-4 AMI TST (yellow) – Indicates test is
G.732S • Zero Suppression being run in system
G.732S with CRC-4 B8ZS ALM (red) – Indicates alarm is
present in system
• Line Code • Receive Signal Level PWR 1 (green) – ON when
HDB3 With CSU: 0 to -36 dB Power Supply Module 1 is
• Receive Signal Level Without CSU: 0 to -30 dB providing power
With LTU: 0 to -43 dB • Transmit Signal Level PWR 2 (green) – ON when
Without LTU0 to -12 dB With CSU: 0, -7.5, -15, or -22.5 dB Power Supply Module 2 is
Without CSU: ±2.7V (±10%) at providing power
• Transmit Signal Level
Balanced: ±3V (±10%) 0-655 ft • Diagnostics
For Main Link module only: • Timing Main Links:
Unbalanced: ±2.37V (±10%) Internal or loopback IP Diagnostics: Performance
monitoring, LAN statistics, PING
• Timing • Jitter Performance E1/T1 Diagnostics: Local and
Internal or loopback Per AT&T TR-62411 Remote Loopbacks
• Jitter Performance • Line Type Voice Compression ports:
Per ITU-T G.823 Balanced 4-wire, 100Ω Local and Remote Loopback,
• Line Type per E1/T1 channel
• Indicators (per port) Tone injection towards the local
Balanced 4-wire, 120Ω RED (red) – indicates Local Sync side: per timeslot, per entire
• Indicators (per port) Loss (Red Alarm) on port E1/T1 channel, or on all E1/T1
LOC (red) – indicates Local Sync YEL (red) – indicates Remote Sync channels simultaneously
Loss on port Loss (Yellow Alarm) on port
REM (red) – indicates Remote • Connectors (per port)
Sync Loss on port RJ-45
• Connectors (per port)
RJ-45 for balanced interface

Network Management

Ethernet LAN

Local Site
Remote Site
E1/T1 E1/T1
Trunks Trunks
E1/T1 E1/T1
TDM Network
Including Including
In-band In-band
Vmux-2100 Management Management Vmux-2100

Figure 4. Management from Ethernet LAN to Remote Vmux-2100, In-band, via TDM Link
Voice Trunking Gateway
Input (according to ordering): Note: All cables are ordered seperately.
AC: 100 to 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz VMUX-2100/*/$
DC: -48 (-36 to -72) VDC Voice Trunking Gateway System CBL-RJ45/2BNC
Output (per PS module): Interface adapter for converting one
Note: System includes chassis, power supplies
3.3 VDC: up to 15A Main Link module E1 port RJ-45
and power supply cables only. A Main Link
5 VDC: up to 5A Module and at least one Voice Compression connector into a pair of BNC
Total: 60W
Note: Two hot-swappable power supply
Module must be ordered for every Vmux-2100 connectors for unbalanced coax
system. All modules can be ordered separately.
modules can be installed for redundancy interface.
and load-sharing.
• Physical MODULES Cable with DB-9 connectors for
Height: 4.3 cm/1.7 in (1.U) connecting a modem to Vmux-2100’s
Width: 43.5 cm/17.1 in VMUX-M/M-ETH/@-&
Control port. Cable length is 20 cm.
Depth: 24.0 cm/9.5 in Main Link Module with single
Weight: 7 kg /15.5 lb Ethernet port and optional redundant
• Environment E1/T1 ports
Operating temperature:
0 to 50°C/32 to 122°F VMUX-M/VC-&/%
Storage temperature: Voice Compression Module
-20 to 70°C/-4 to 158°F VMUX-2100-PS/*
Humidity: Up to 90%,
Power Supply Module

* Specify power supply type:
AC for 100 to 240 VAC
DC for -48 (-36 to -72) VDC
$ Specify R for redundant power
supplies (of same type)
@ Specify Ethernet port interface type:
MM for multimode 1330nm fiber
100BaseF interface
SM for single mode 1310nm fiber
100BaseF interface
Default is copper UTP 10/100BaseT
data communications
& Specify for TDM interface type:
E1 for E1 ports
International Headquarters
T1 for T1 ports 24 Raoul Wallenberg Street
Default on the main link module Tel Aviv 69719, Israel
Tel: (972) 3-6458181
is Ethernet port only Fax: (972) 3-6498250, 6474436
% Specify number of ports:
2 for 2 ports U.S. Headquarters
900 Corporate Drive
4 for 4 ports Mahwah, NJ 07430
Tel: (201) 529-1100
Toll free: 1-800-444-7234
Fax: (201) 529-5777


 2001–2003 RAD Data Communications Ltd. Specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
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