y Orange juice is a popular beverage made from oranges by extraction from the fresh fruit, by desiccation and subsequent

reconstitution of the dried juice, or by concentration and subsequent addition of water to the concentrate. The term "orange juice" is also used, both colloquially and commercially, to refer to "concentrated orange juice". y Orange juice is a source of vitamin C (ascorbic acid), potassium, thiamine, Phosphorus G, folic acid (Vitamin B9) and vitamin B6. y Research shows orange juice is more nutrient dense than many commonly consumed 100 percent fruit juices, such as apple, grape, pineapple and prune. y Citrus juices also contain flavonoids that are believed to have beneficial health effects. Orange juice containing pulp seems to be more nutritious than no-pulp varieties due to the flavonoids contained in the pulp.[2] If drunk on an empty stomach, orange juice can exacerbate present gastrointestinal conditions and/or cause mild and temporary stomach upset.

Due to the citric acid, orange juice typically has a pH of 3.5.[3] Drinking or sipping orange juice can therefore cause erosion of the tooth enamel, otherwise known as 'acid erosion'.

about three times the concentration of fresh juice.[ ] y [edit] Major orange j ice brands y y y ropicana orange juice container y In the US.y Process:Freshl squeezed jui e d filtered range jui e is asteurized and is evaporated under vacuum and heat to remove most of the ater efore it is frozen.[citation needed] ed orange j ice y [edit] C y A small fraction of fresh orange juice is canned. recovered during the vacuum concentration process. the canned product loses flavor when stored at room temperature for over weeks. about % by eight sugar. . o make cans of frozen concentrate for sale. he concentrated juice. the major orange juice brand is ropicana Products owned by Pepsi o Inc. anned orange juice does retain Vitamin much better than bottled juice. owever. which . filtered ater is added back to bring the mass faction of sugar down to 4 %. At this point essences and oils. is then stored at about + °F ° . are added back to restore the flavor.

Some also include other nutrients such as calcium and Vitamin D. Both these products. [edi Addi ives Some producers add citric acid or ascorbic acid to juice beyond what is naturally found in the orange.[7] olor [edi Orange juice usually varies between shades of orange and yellow. not found naturally in oranges. though some ruby red or blood orange varieties are a reddish-orange or even pinkish. Lowacid varieties of orange juice are also available. Tropicana also has a large presence in Latin America. Competing products include Simply Orange (owned by the Minute Maid division of The Coca-Cola Company) and Florida's Natural (a Florida-based agricultural cooperative that differentiates itself from the competition by using only Florida grown oranges. Omega-3 is sometimes added to orange juice from fish oils. This is due to different pigmentation in ruby red oranges. Tropicana and Simply Orange use a mix of domestic and foreign stock). In Australia.y y y y y possesses nearly 65% of the market share. . Daily Juice (owned by National Foods) is a major brand of partially fresh partially preserved[6] orange juice. (owned by Golden Circle produced a fresh noconcentrate (with no preservatives) form of juice marketed as part of their 'Black Label' range of juice products. along with other brands are sold in the refrigerated section of supermarkets throughout Australia. The Original Juice Co. Europe and Central Asia.

y y y A small glass of Sanguinello blood orange juice. .y y y A glass of pulp-free orange juice.

The U. NFC Juice made into NFC is de-oiled to . or. Packaged FCOJ is made by adding single-strength juice or water and flavor oils and essences to bulk FCOJ to reduce it from 65° brix to 42° brix. To convert this FCOJ into ready -to-drink orange juice. consumers thaw it and then mix it with three parts water. and along with the peel. NFC is stored a number of ways: frozen as blocks in warehouses. Canned FCOJ Bulk FCOJ is packaged by orange juice marketers into either frozen concentrated orange juice or chilled reconstituted (recon) ready-to-serve (RTS) orange juice. pasteurized and chilled in large stainless steel aseptic tanks. then either pasteurized. The fruit is then graded. loaded into trailers and delivered to the processing plant. the stream of pulpy juice goes through a finisher (screen) where the pulp and seeds are removed. pasteurizing it. At this stage.S. Oranges are then selected from labeled bins to enable blending juice of optimal qualit y and transported via conveyor to juicing machines (extractors).04% oil levels with a centrifuge. 12-. The bulk FCOJ is then stored at 20°F or lower in a tank farm or in 55-gallon drums until it is sold or packaged for sale. Dept. packaging it . after which the oranges are diverted to storage bins labeled according to juice specifications represented by each tested load of fruit. the juice is made into one of two product forms: bulk frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) or not-from-concentrate (NFC). chilled and packaged or stored for future sale and/or packaging. which is a sevento-one strength ratio to normal single-strength juice. Bulk FCOJ Juice made into bulk FCOJ is sent to an evaporator where vacuum and heat are used to remove excess water in order to obtain a base concentrate of 65° brix.02%-. frozen in 55-gallon drums.8° brix. of Agriculture (USDA) then tests for juice and solids content. and oranges not acceptable for processing are separated and diverted to be used for by-products. The fruit is dumped from trailers onto conveyers where it is carried through a washing process. Recon RTS Recon RTS is made by adding water and flavor oils and essences to bulk FCOJ to reduce it from 65° brix to 11. which is a four -to-one strength ratio to normal single-strength juice. Oranges do not ripen after picking and the deterioration process begins as soon as they are separated from the tree.PROCESS IN DETAIL Harvesting and Squeezing Oranges are hand-picked in the field. pasteurized and chilled in 4'x4' wooden boxes containing a plastic bag which holds about 300 gallons of juice. Then the product is packaged into 6 -. After juice extraction. or 24-oz. diverted to be used for by -products. the unit of payment for growers. cans and sold in frozen form.

in cardboard cartons or glass containers and selling it as chilled RTS orange juice .

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