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Psychosis is a loss of contact with reality, usually including false beliefs about what is taking place or who one

is (delusions) and seeing or hearing things that aren't there (hallucinations). Causes A number of substances and medical conditions can cause psychosis, including: Alcohol and certain illegal drugs, both during use and during withdrawal • Brain tumors or cysts • Dementia (including Alzheimer's disease) • Degenerative brain diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and certain chromosomal disorders • HIV and other infections that affect the brain • Some prescription drugs, such as steroids and stimulants • Some types of epilepsy • Stroke

Psychosis is also part of a number of psychiatric disorders, including: Bipolar disorder (manic or depressed) Delusional disorder Depression with psychotic features Personality disorders (schizotypal, schizoid, paranoid, and sometimes borderline) • Schizoaffective disorder • Schizophrenia • Simbiosis-niño pequeño que esta sumamente identificado con la mama o papa. Puede estar en un cumpleaños y no se separa aunque por lo general la conducta normal indica que el niño estaría jugando con otros.
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Symptoms Psychotic symptoms may include: Disorganized thought and speech False beliefs that are not based in reality (delusions), especially unfounded fear or suspicion • Hearing, seeing, or feeling things that are not there (hallucinations) • Thoughts that "jump" between unrelated topics (disordered thinking)
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Exams and Tests Psychiatric evaluation and testing are used to diagnose the cause of the psychosis.

Possible Complications Psychosis can prevent people from functioning normally and caring for themselves. Outlook (Prognosis) How well a person does depends on the cause of the psychosis. the outlook is often good. Some chronic conditions. If there is any concern about safety. Psychosis and schizophrenia. Prevention Prevention depends on the cause. but sometimes can help pinpoint the diagnosis. may need life-long treatment with antipsychotic medications to control symptoms. 1st ed. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. Rauch SL. Tests may include: • • • • Blood tests for abnormal electrolyte and hormone levels Blood tests for syphilis and other infections Drug screens MRI of the brain Treatment Treatment depends on the cause of the psychosis. people can sometimes harm themselves or others. See: Schizophrenia for more information about the treatment of psychosis. Rosenbaum JF. Care in a hospital is often needed to ensure the patient's safety. Pa: Mosby Elsevier. whether the cause is a medical or psychiatric disorder. eds. Philadelphia. Update Date: 2/7/2010 . Biederman J. For example. 2008:chap 28. avoiding alcohol abuse prevents alcohol-induced psychosis. and treatment with antipsychotic medication may be brief. If the cause can be corrected. Fava M. References Freudenreich O. When to Contact a Medical Professional Call your health care provider or mental health professional if you or a member of your family is losing contact with reality. Weiss AP. which reduce hallucinations and delusions and improve thinking and behavior are helpful. immediately take the person to the nearest emergency room to be seen by a doctor.Laboratory testing and brain scans may not be needed. If the condition is left untreated. Goff DC. Antipsychotic drugs. In: Stern TA. such as schizophrenia.

MD. Medical Director.A. MD.Updated by: David B.D.. Inc. Also reviewed by David Zieve. Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry. NY. MHA.M. Department of Psychiatry. New York. A. Merrill. . Columbia University Medical Center.