IUCN’s Views on UNFCCC- COP16

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Cancún Mexico (2010)

Saadullah Ayaz IUCN Pakistan
IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

INTRODUCTION
COP15 (Copenhagen, 2009) produced un-expected results, resulting in a deadlock among negotiating partners Outcome of COP15 was ‘Copenhagen Accord’. Majority of Parties believe that; Copenhagen Accord is not an ideal deal (neither ‘Fair’ nor ‘Ambitious’ or ‘Binding’); Was decided outside the negotiating panel; Many pertinent issues have been left out; There is no clarity on how the various ‘decisions’ in the Accord are to be taken forward; - The Accord is considered ‘homeless’ and is not part of the UNFCCC’s acquis.

IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

COPENHAGEN ACCORD- IUCN VIEWS
IUCN believes that the following have been left out in Copenhagen Accord must be stressed upon by Pakistan during COP16 negotiations: • • • • The Copenhagen Accord does not apparently strengthens the Kyoto Protocol and is neither regarded to be a fair, nor an ambitions or binding deal; Copenhagen Accord does not set out any ‘medium term emission goals’ and does not describe the practical pathway to achieve the 2 °C target; No particular commitment s have been made to halving global emissions by 2050, which are necessary for achieving 2 °C target; The Accord does not agree on any specific emission reduction commitments by Annex-I countries;

IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

• •

No specific deadline has been agreed to complete a legally binding instrument under the Kyoto Protocol; It is believed that the Accord does not provide any basis to review the agreement in the light of the latest science and in particular, the scientifically described impacts for developing countries; The Accord does not provide commitments for ‘a compliance mechanism’; No financial commitment have been made for Post-Kyoto Period (particularly between 2015-2020); It does not commit on long-term (post-2020) public finance for developing countries, that will be additional to existing development assistance;

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IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

ISSUES ARE CONTRIBUTING TO THIS SITUATION
• • • The continuing absence of national legislation in Annex-I countries and the US (in particular) are not sufficiently committed t o reducing their emissions; Annex-I countries (with the exception of the EU and Norway) had not expressed clear openness to a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol; The developing countries (nearly as a whole) seem un-willing to firm up on the Copenhagen Accord by translating their pledges into legally binding commitments for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMAs) and to accept that the measuring, reporting and verification provisions in the Accord be enshrined in a legally binding post 2012 agreement; Fast track finance (for 2010-2012) has been slow to be materialised. Long-term (post-2020) finance has not been secured either;

IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURES URGENTLY NEEDED IN CANCÚN
Hopes are high- COP16 expected to be a milestone for strengthened international action; Progress towards establishing a global post-2012 climate change regime has proven painfully slow. There appears to be broad expectation that the adoption of a legally binding agreement may be postponed beyond December 2010; Challenge posed to humanity by climate change is greater and more urgent than it has as it ever been; Reducing greenhouse gas emissions is the only, long-term answer to restoring the global climate to stability; Parties seem to have come closer to agreement on a number of crucial issues including: adaptation; reducing emissions form deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (the REDD+ mechanism); technology transfer and capacity building.
IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

It is important that the Decisions taken by the COP16 at Cancun restore and boost confidence in the UNFCC process and the eventual outcome of the negotiations. The COP16 should therefore finalise the issues on which progress has been made and adopt a balanced package of Decisions. Action on each of them should follow immediately.

IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

IUCN’S CALL FOR ACTION AT COP16
IUCN calls for rapid and robust action by States, communities and individuals to take all possible steps to cut their emissions of all greenhouse gases immediately to ensure that the target agreed at Copenhagen, i. e., to limit the rise in global average temperature to 2 ºC above pre-industrial levels can be achieved; COP16 takes ‘confidence building measures’ in the form of a balanced package of Decisions on REDD-plus, adaptation, technology transfer and capacity building; IUCN also calls for a rapid advance in the development, testing and application of ecosystem-based approaches for mitigation in forests and for adaptation in vulnerable ecosystems and dependent communities; New and additional fast-track funding needs to be made available immediately, for both adaptation and mitigation;
IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

IUCN calls for the establishment of a strong and implementation oriented Adaptation Framework as part of a post-2012 regime; IUCN calls for the recognition of sustainable management of natural resources in building resilience of socio-economic and ecological systems; IUCN also calls for the immediate disbursement of new and additional financial means to enable adaptation actions to be implemented on the ground; IUCN also calls for all people, communities and Parties to take such adaptation actions as they can towards the goals of the envisioned Framework, and towards reducing the vulnerability and increasing the resilience of developing countries in particular;
IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

IUCN calls on the Parties to ensure that national REDD-plus frameworks reflect the progress at Copenhagen; IUCN calls for gender considerations to be taken into account in the negotiation process and in the future climate regime wherever appropriate; IUCN emphasises the importance of building capacity for action at national and local level, both on adaptation and mitigation.

IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

Thanks
For more information, please contact: Saadullah Ayaz Climate Change/ Air Quality Coordinator IUCN Pakistan Tel: +92 (51) 2271028- 30 Email: saad.ayaz@iucn.org Web: http://iucn.org/unfccc/resources/documents/

IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

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