6 MYA to 200k/150k YA

Only found in Africa Homo Habilis
2.6MYA - 1.5MYA

First found at olduvai gorge, tanzania first tool makers

'Choppers and cleavers'
Core tools

Oldowan Homo Erectus
1.5MYA - 150kBP

Lower Paleolithic

Major Technologies

First to leave Australia

not found in the new world

Hand axes Acheulean First 'preconceived notion of tools' Controlled use of fire binary pattern of artifact distribution

found only in Europe Homo sapien neanderthalensis

20 miles from Johannesburg Robert Broom C.K. Brain Use of fire dated to 1my BP Key People Swartkrans Le Ferrassie, France Teshik Tash, Turkestan

first evidence of possible ritual (shanidar cave, iraq - evidence for intentional burial of dead, care for handicap/elderly) cemetery, 2 adults, 4 children (family group?) Child Burial in circle of goat skulls 7 Burials

South Africa

Key Discoveries

Leakeys Homo Ergaster Homo Habilus

Key People Olduvai Gorge Fossils 60,000 YA Isimila Tanzania Burial Sites

Shanidar, Iraq (44k YA)

Flower pollen in grave crippled older man

Kebara Cave, isreal

hyoid bone

Neatherthals and Cannibalism? Krapina, Yguoslavia Mt. Circeo, Italy Mousterian Ritual Sites Meat Caches storing food for later use

John Desmond Clark

Key People

Kalambo Falls

Major Technologies East Africa

Astralapithicus aforensis

Lucy 2.6MY

Hadar - Ethiopia Gona - Ethiopia


Middle Paleolithic

Trophy Skulls, Hunting Symbolism Carnivore Activity Small nitch in a cave with a wall of rocks built up and cave bear cranium + various long bones placed inside Drachenlock, Switzerland can be interpreted as a shrine could be a cache Regourdou, S. France Veternica, Yugoslavia Pertershohle, Bavaria Les furtins, france

Glynn Isaac 750,000-1mya

Olorgesailie "Bear Cult" Koobi Kenya

Leakey Leakey 2-3mya

Lake Turkana

Near Beijing First specimens of Homo Erectucs (Peking Man) in UP inhabited by Homo Sapien Dmanisi 850-780k ya Atapuerca / Gran Dolina Georgia Zhoukoudian China Asia Region

Archeology Cheat-Sheet October 29th 2007



Flake tools Controlled use of fire Fully modern physical type Homo Sapien Neanderthalensis is a subspecies prepared cores

Stone tools 400k YA 18.5k YA charcoal, ochre haematite cave paintings



Important Developments:

Increased Technological complexity Burials, intentional burials with offerings small cemeteries Ritual Behavioral

composite tools flake industry


Terra Amata Le Moustier 75k-35kya 50k YA Burial of deceased, care for crippled/enfeebled 30k-32k ya Art (Horses, Chimera etc) La ferraissie France Europe Chauvet Pincevent Neander Valley Mammoth hunters Dolni Vestonice 60-80k ya burial sites Care for sick Shanidar Cave Iraq Germany Gravettian or Upper Perigordian Czech Republic Major Technologies Solutrean 22,000-17,000BP Bifacial leaf shaped points 17,000-10,000BP bone and antler tools 28,000-21,000BP "Backed" or blunted knives
Differ in timeframe, not species

Combe grenal
40,000-10,000 YA

Homo sapien sapien

Found all over the world, only human species that has ever lived in the new world and Australia

Chatelperonnian Aurignacian

40,000-28,000BP 32,000-27,000 BP Scrapers, sharpened blade

Upper Paleolithic

Magdalenian Blade technology Bone and antler tools florescence of art cemeteries Characteristics ornaments population increase

cave art portable art

systematic big game hunting expansion of population into eastern eurasia and new world