1961 Princeton

Single Wing

Richard Coleman

PRINCETON UNIVERSITY SINGLE WING OFFENSE - 196_t

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vs. 5·2 C9 (2) vs. 6-2 ~ CD . 2 HOLE:

#1 - Block ma.n head on - inside slot. Otherwise SSLB.
#6 - Block ma.n head on - inside slot. Otherwise SSLB.
#7 - M8n on block him. No m8n on pull around #6 check
block on SSLB - take the S.
#8 - Man on or inside slot - block him. No man on
pull check block on SSLB - take S. (If #7 is pulling
too go right for S) . #9 - M8n on or inside slot - block him. No man on - step to #C (man most likely to slant) and take G if he's s18nting - no slant go thru for WSLB.

#C - Man on or shorts ide slot block him. No man on - take WSLB - no LB block strongside deep 1/3.

#10 - No m~n on - t~ke peel cour~e 6 yds deeo - neel nursuit.

Mpn on - ca.l1 "exit" let #5 go thru - take HB.

#5 - IJi~ten to #10 - no call take I£. "Exi, ttl take peel course.

1 3/5 HOLE J

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VS. 5-2

VS. 6-2

. 3 HOLE RULE:

Any man head on or outside #5 will be tranned The next man to the inside of head on #5 ~ill be Dowered.

NOTE: We don't use the 5 hole. The J hole with #10 and #e double teaming is actually the 5 hole - i.e. - 3 and 5 are the same.

#5 - Power block any man head on #10 or in the #10 - #e slot.

No man in that ar-ea - take outside release and block the out~ide man on the line. Excention: if the man to be trapped is the last man (outside man) release outside - take HE.

#10 ~ Man head on post for #5. Otherwise ~ower block any man from inside slot all the way to the dC's strongside slot.

#C - Post slot to slot. Otherwise take SSLB.

#9 - Block slot to slot. No man step to #e (catch the slanter)then take the SSLB.

#8 - Block from head on to #7's strongside slot.

#7 - Pull thru 3 hole for WS LB. (Man head on #7 indicates longer pull).

#6 - Head on. Otherwise HB.

*#3 - If weakside flanker take S.

4 HOLE

vs. 5-2

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VS. 6-2

lJ_ HOLE RULE: Inception Doint is directly head on #1 (WB).

Any man head on or outside #1 will be trapped and the next man to the inside of head on

#1 will be powered.

#1 - Power m8n on any part of #6. Otherwise influence & take HB.

#6 - He~d on - outside slot - post for #1. Otherwise power with #7.

#7 - Post - slot to slot. Otherwise power block next inside alone.

#8 - Pull take SSLB except man in inside slot - call "exit" for #9 and block that man. (Note: man head on #8 - longer pull than when uncovered).

#9 - Block head on - inside slot. Otherwise step to #C then take WSLB. "Exit" from #8 pull take SSLB.

#C - Head on - weakside slot. Otherwise take WSLB.

#10 - Block head on - weakside slot. Otherwise take S.

#5 - WSHB.

#2 - Trap 1st. man beyond power (#h make it look like swee~.

4- HOLE GOAL LINE: (CHANGES)

#1 - S:1me except no influence - ta I(e Ls t . man on or off the line outside the man to be traoped.

#6 - No change.

#7 - No man on - drive toward #6.

#8 - Drive toward #7.

#9 - Same unless man in strongs ide slot then take him.

#C - No change.

#10 - Pull tight and seal.

#5 Man in inside slot take him - always drive down the line toward #e.

#2 - No change.

#3 ~~ow where the SSLB is and where the power block Wl~~ occur. Drive for the outside hip of the post man - batter the hole open.

#4 - One steo laterally - follow FE (run like a FB).

6 HOLE

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VS. 6-2

. 6 HOLE RULE: Any man from head on #6 to the strongside will be trapped. The first man inside of head on #6 will be powered.

#1 - Block WSLB. Cheat up on the line - go around man to be trapped. Course will resemble an arc.

#2 - Block (trap technique) first man beyond the man to be trapped. No one there go for SSHB.

#3 - Same as 420-440. If flanked drive HB off th~ ball.

#4 - Sa.me as 440 - run on #10's block (don't get into the hole too fast or you'll beat #10).

#6 - MRn heRd on or outside slot - influence (fake hooking him) and take the SSHB. Otherwise power man inside - 811 the way to #7's inside slot.

#7 - Post outside slot to head up· Power inside slot to head up on #8.

#8 - Block first man from inside slot to head up on Dc.

#9 - Pull - trap from head on #6 to outside.

He - Head on - step into man - then block back. Otherwise block back.

#10 - Pull - go thru for LB (man head on - pull will be longer).

#5 - Come down tight toward #C - no one (LB) shooting go for S.

7 HOLE J

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VS. 5-2

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VS. 6-2

. 7 HOLE RULE: Any man from head on #e to the weaks ide is trapped. Any mAn from the #e - #9 slot to the strong side is powered.

#6 - Pull - thru hole for WSLB. (No man head on - short Dull).

#7 Block first man to strongside from your 5'. :~onf" ide slot to the sideline.

#8 - Head on - inside slot - post for #9. Otherwise block strongside slot to head on #7.

#9 - Head on - inside slot - post~ Otherwise power to strongside with #8.

#e - Head on - drop out and block back. Otherwise power with #9.

#10 - Pull around #5 for WSHB.

#5 SSLB - a Lways go around - never inside - course is an arc.

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8 HOLE

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VS. 5-2

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VS. 6-2

. 8 HOLE RULE: Any man head on #8 to the strong side is trapped. First man inside of head on #8 is powered.

#6 - No man slot to slot - take WSLB. Man head on take SSLB - tise outside release.

#7 - No man slot to slot take WSLB. Man head on influence man to be tra 'Oped and take SS LB (let #6 c Lear ) ,

Note: #6 and #7 responsible for both LB's - we may want to use a call for #6 and #7 so you will be sure to get it right.

#8 - Power block from inside slot to #9's inside slot. Man he~d on influence man to be trap.,.,ed and go for the SSHB - (mAn in inside slot probably indicates a power "block to the inside with #9.

#9 - Post block from outside slot to head on. Power block from inside slot to head on #e.

#e - Post from strongside slot to head on. Block back from weak side slot to the weakside; i.e. head up on #10.

#10 - Trap first man from head on #8 to the strongside.

# 5 Come down hard toward #10. No one crossing your head - go for S. Take any man t.hat comes a.cross your head.

#2 - Trap block the first man beyond the man to be trapped (sa~e as 6 hole).

1 HOLE

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VS. 6-2

1 HOLE:

#6 - Man on or tight outside - take him. Otherwise take S.

#7 - Pull - 5 yds. deep - read #2's block - if he takes out (fading End) you go in - if he hooks go around.

#8 Block from head on to next de t'ens I ve man to strongs ide.

#9 - Block head on - strongside gap. Otherwise S.

#c - Block head on - strongside gan. Otherwise peel (7 yds. deep) ,

#10 - Man on or either gap take him. If you can't handle man outside give #4 ha.nd sign8.l (scr8tch butt) and take peel course.

#5 - Always take WSLB.

#u - Watch #10 - hand s i.gnol (scratch butt) - block T. No hand signal go thru take pursuit ..

SOrv1E STANDARD DEFENSt.S VS. SINGLE WING

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DEPARTMENT OF'

ITY

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

DEPARTMENT-FOOTBALL

HEAO COACH

RiCHARD W~ C':CLMAN~ .JR ..

A5919TANT CQACHES

RD9E:RT F"~ CASC1CLA WARREN e , HARRfS

.J .. L. McCANOLE:SS

.I. ROBERT PF"LU(3 WaLL1AM [3. WHITTON

March 22J 1963

WALTER W. McCARTHY, YR!E.SHMAN COACH

Dear Coach:

Thanks for your recent note. I'm sorry to hear that you missed out on the Clinic. It was a fine affair and we have all just gotten back from it today.

In answer to your questions about the sweep and off tackle plays, I would say that for us these are uuOseparate plays. However, our end run is always designed to hit inside or outside

the defensive end depending on how he reacts. On the off tackle play, we run a double team power block on the tackle as this is the basis of our attack into that hole. On the end run, only .. one man blocks the tackle. Here are the assignments on these two plays against the Oklahoma Adjusted which is the defense we are getting most up here.

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Hope this is of help to you.

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S.iqcerely yours, ( '\. () t' () 1:~:,~rN \.R~~

Richard W. Colman, Jr.

Head Coach of Football

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Advancing the Ball Along the Ground With Single Wing

By RICHARD W. COLMAN, JR., Princeton University

It's a pleasure to have this opportunity to talk to you gentlemen. I hope to cover three things in the time available: first to show you that the problem of adjust. ing a sinl-{lc wing running attack to varying defenses is not difficult; second to show you some of the varied backfield flows that can be used once the problems of adjustment up front have been met; and thirdly to show you some film shorts of these plays actually being run under

game conditions. .

:\ly topic on advancing the ball on the ground with the single wing is a large one and my time is short. Therefore, I have decided to talk on the run- 11 i ng attack from tackle to tackle and not try to discuss the outside running a ttack from our formation. I would just like to say though that, of course, the outside is important, and you must establish yourself there ill order to be effective on the ground. Our five-year record outside can be seen in Diagram 1 and we are proud of it.

DIAGRAM 1

.J l'<'ar Sweep Dala-End run to strongside,

19;9 1961

Rail it! times Gained ,106 rds. Averaged 5.2 yds,

1960

Ran 138 times Gained 1055 yds, Averaged 7.6 yds.

Ran 99 times Gained 516 yds. Averaged 5.1 yds.

1962

Ran IO't times Gained 557 yds. Averaged 5.3 yds.

As a matter of fact. the T has paid us the compliment of taking our sweep and incorporating it into their formation. The present day power sweep from T is completely a single wing play assignment for assignment. As a matter of fact, the last six or seven years have shown T "borrowing" a great deal from the basic thoughts of single wing. Perhaps I should also say that the Ivy League has been in effect now for eight years. During that time we have won the title just once, and shared it once. This certainly. cannot be· called dominating the league. But [our of those eight years, vt« have ranked number one in rushing offense

First let's establish some basic terms that we'll be using as we go along. Diagram IA below shows our alignment in right formation, the way we number our personnel, and the way we number the ollenslve holes.

Our personnel is numbered more for convenience's sake than anything el~c-it gets-to be confusing talking aboutInside and all tside tackles. long 01' short g~tanls, etc. The numbers make it simpler and we do use them in some series to check off to for quick power bucks by the fullback to take advantage of unusual, or "screwy" line spacing. In slotting the personnel, we generally play our biggest and strongest end at G as he has a great deal of blocking in the line to do. Our most active end-the boy with the best hands and the best speed is generally played at 5. Our two guards play at 7

and 10 and, of these, 7 should be the and never have we dropped below third faster and more active boy. He leads all in the league in this department. vVe can our reverses and should be excellent at and do move the ball. blocking in the open. ·#10 can be a bit

I shall consider the adjusting of six slower and actually in our attack is genbasic holes from off tackle on the strong- erally a little bigger boy than 7. Our side to off tackle on the weakside of our two tackles play together at 8 and !) in formation. I shall have to move fairly the middle of the formation. They prorapidly and will thus pass over many of vide the power on a lot of the double the techniques and details that are so teams and give us considerable straight important in any running attack. How- ahead 1) unch, Of these, 8 should be the ever we are quite frankly hoping that faster and more active as he pulls more others will try the single wing and I hope· . and leads on some plays. #9 can be the that any and all actual and potential big slow boy-though. of course, speed single wingers will feel free to talk to our helps plenty here. tool Our center is Princeton coaches at any time during the extremely important' as his passing is next few days. May I introduce;Bill essential on every play. vVe do not conWhitton our line coach, Jake McCand- sider him .more than half a man on . less our backfield coach, Bob Casciola offense. vVe help him every way we can our end coach, and Warren Harris who and do not ask him for many key blocks.

. coaches our centers and is in charge of He is the only boy-and I want to stress:

our overall defense. this-who experiences any difficulty, whatever in switching from T to single: wing football.

In the backfield, our tailback, of course, is the key to our attack. He should be able to run and pass, though we have often gotten by with a boy who has only one of these talents. At full-

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iKI(I-;, we lOOK lor UlC BaTU luugu j UIt""l and :'l boy who also can block well on .he outside plays. He should be able to .)all handle and it helps a great deal if he can also pass-as a matter of fact, we would welcome a passer anywhere in 'lUI" backfield, as certain series are only really strong if you have a passer at the key spot-for instance, the buck lateral series is greatly. enhanced if the quarterback can throw. At #2, we look primarily for a boy who can block and who enjoys it. When you get this type you generally have a boy who is respected and will make a good leader. #2 calls the plays for us-is our offensive quarterback. At #1, we look for a runner first, then a P:lSS catcher and a. ·blocker. This boy must be quick and have good balance for it takes these qualities to run the reverses. Our #1 backs ill recent years have: been boys from 160 to 175-the bigger men have not seemed to be agile enough for the position.

Also indicated here in Diagram lA are our offensive hole numbers-the even numbers coming in from our strongside and the odd numbers being on the weaks ide of the formation. We will discuss the opening of the .4, 6, 8, and the 1f, 5 and 7 holes today.

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In Diagram 2. I have indicated the Inception Points of these holes. ,.ve have found that this' concept helps our ball carriers to run good courses as they can tell a t a glance which of the defensive linemen is to be power-blocked or trapped on each of these holes. For instance, the inception point of our 4 hole is directly head on our wingback, #1. Any defensive man playing there will be trapped and the next man to the inside will be powered. If there is no man head on #1, then the first lineman to the outside will be trapped and the first man to the inside of head on #l will be powerect This is indicated in Diagram 2 by the letters T and P which stand for Trapped and Powered. We constantly

the man to be powered" as we are sure that we will move him. If we can't move him, with two men against one and 'with a blocking advantage, we had better cancel or get that team ofl our schedule! If the man to be trapped reacts well. our trapper will never do more than stop him, but our power block should move the defender laterally-c-all things being equal. The other inception points shown in Diagram 2 are self-explanatory, I think, You will note that in each case the man head on the inception point will be trapped. On the even numbered holes the man to the strongside of the inception .points will be trapped, while on' the odd numbered holes the man to the weakside of the inception points will be trapped-when there is no man playing actually at the inception points. This has been of great help to US· in running inside as our backs can always be sure of the precise course to run against any and all spacing. Of course, our wingback cannot see the weakside spacings but, in his case, we either tell him in our signal calling, or the steps of whoever hands off to him dictate a wide or tight course depending on the blocking at the mouth of the hole. We feel it is essential to have the blocking at the mouth of the hole. when the double team is involved, 100% sure and definite. vVe cannot have any doubt or indecision here which might arise from two men interpreting a "shaded" defense differently. Therefore, we have "calls" at the mouth of the hole, but use rule blocking everywhere else along the line. If 'we do have a breakdown it should not occur at the most vital area where we are trying to' effect a breakthrough.

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Let's look first at the off tackle or 4 hole opening. Just as the straight hand off, or Dive Play, is basic to T formation, so also is the off tackle play to single

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uralty to this play and you must make

people respect and defend against this one if you hope to move at all offensively. I have put Diagrams 11 and 4

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together for, against a 6 normal and a 6 undershirt defense, there are no' assignment changes necessary-s-only some differences in techniques. In each case the first man inside of head on #1 is powered, in this case by the end and wingback. The first man- outside the inception point is trapped-by #2. Because; defenses are often "shaded," and the angle for #3 and #4 looking at the hole is a difficult one, we have our quarterback call the, blocking on this hole. In other words, he tells everyone on our team whether numbers 1 and G are doing the powering, or whether numbers G and 7 are doing it. This removes any possibility of a mistaken course by either' our backs or running linemen. They' know that it will be a wide course if numbers 1 and 6 power together but it will be a much tighter course when numbers 6 and 7 do the double teaming, This is easily done by our quarterback as he . is in a good position to see the spaci rig and his regular starting cadence i; simply "Rock_:_Down Hike" .or "Fight-Down Hike." The 'word "Rock" on the 4: hole means that numbers 6 and 1 power to-: gether. The word "Fight" means num-' bers 6 and 7 double team. Only on the off tackle plays do' these words mean anything. They are always used, but the . rest of the time merely serve as a preparatory command in the 'starting ca-. dence, You will note that I said off tackle

plays, plural, for we do tli€ same on our off tackle to the weakside. The assign-' men~ are as indicated on Diagrams 3 and: 4. 119 will call for the center whose head is down for he uses a slightly different technique on a man in his slot than on a man head on him. In both cases you will note #9 gives him a bit of help before going on to do his own job.

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the center cannot get--or check in the

line if they are ganged in there. The. fullback now leads into the hole for the' strongside linebacker, and the only other , change is for #1 to check the end or cor- ..

! In Diagram 5, we see the off tackle i opening adjusted to meet spacing that

I might be a 6 Overshift, a 5 Eagles. or a .5 Oklahoma. The only difference being , that the end man drops off a bit to become a corner man, or we find the line-

backers in different spots as indicated. The same adjustments serve to run against all of these, though the tech-

I niques in blocking the linebackers will vary. The quarterback will say "FightDown Hike" and the word "Fight" tells

us all that numbers 6 and 7 power block together. #1 when he hears the "Fight", I knows he is out of the power block so I he "influences" the man to be trapped " and slips down field for the halfback. We

feel the "draw" of the play will prevent I the corner man, or wide end, from dropI ping back into team defense immedi. ately. #8 now knows that his pun is a. very short one indeed and 1/4 knows who is to be powered and guides his.

I course accordingly. If you pulled #10 Ion this play, as we have sometimes done, , the quarterback's call would also dictate

the length of his pull. i.e., wide on a H l:)IA~~M74l

"Rock." call by #2, dose on a "Fight" . In Diagram 9 the guard playing head

'call. This has helped our off tackle play on our center is actually at the inception

f tremendously. #3 blocks the end or cor- V point ,of the 7 hole, so he is trapped.

! ner man on this call and 119 tells the Numbers 8 and 9 power the strongside

: center that he can go thru for the cutoff . guard. #2 traps and #6 pulls through

I block. These are the only adjustments '. the hole for the weakside linebacker.

i necessary to ron 'our best play against ': The other assignments are as indicated

. I all the defensive spacings and combina- .' -;-the ball handling coming off our' full-

'dons of spacings that we have seen. It 'We see here that numbers 8 and 9 are ' back half-spin reverse in this case. ..

I is simple and there is no possibility of a powering on the first man inside the in- . .

'foul-up at the mouth of the hole. ception point. #10 is trapping. Numbers H

On the goal line, or in short yardage , 6 and 7 share responsibility for the two situations. where we are liable to run , linebackers depending on who can get .;" into a lot of men on the line of scrim- thru most easily to block the first linemage we often run off tackle' as shown backer inside the man to be trapped-a "

in Diagram 6. 'word signal is helpful here. In the back-

We run it this way also against a field, 13 or 14, whoever is to carry the , team that likes to run a linebacker thru f ball. are in excellent position to see who ' Ion us, or uses an Okie 1ineback~r in', is to be power blocked and to adjust,": ! the' middle that our center cannot cut' ,their course accordingly. . ' . In Diagrams 9A and 9B, we see the .j off. We do not pull 18, so he is' free ta/, ~iagram 8 shows. the. hole ope~ing adjustment to the 6 normal, 6 overshift, 5 .

. ~ go thru and pick off that linebacker that~ .. _!~mst_ a. 6 underahift wIth, the asssgn- Okie 'and 5 Eagles. The main difference

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ner man after "influencing" as indicated.' This play would ad just exactly as the other off tackle to the call of "Rock" or "Fight" by the quarterback.

Moving now to the 8, or between the guards hole. you will note in Diagram 7 . and 7A that there are no changes in, assignments necessary against a 6 normal as in Diagram 7 and a 6 over, a 5 Okie or a 5 Eagles as in Diagram 7 A.

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· tates, Looking at the diagrams of this hole opening you should. note that the

'only changes occur between numbers 6 and 7 who are responsible for the linebackers, and numbers 8 and 9 who always power together unless there is a man head on #8. Against the 6 undershirt spacing. #8 "influences" the man to be trapped in either of the two ways shown in Diagram 8, and #9 powers alone. 1110 traps on all spacings and calls for the center who always blocks' on the first

· man from head on himself to the weakside-thus as indicated in Diagram 8 against a 6 undershift #9 gets some help

· from the center when he powers alone.

· These, we feel, are very simple adjust. ments and permit you to run between the guards from many different ball handlings.

In the 7 hole opening, we are also running between the guards, but in this case it is the strongside defensive guard who is powered while the other guard is trapped-instead of vice versa as in the 8 hole opening.

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H. ~ ~ vs eo NO"""_L side him-the mcepuon pomt being on this ball handling, taking either the I

~ -V head on #5 as in Diagram 2. HB or the Safety-we hope the HE will I

V i\.-. V V V In Diagrams 10 and lOA, I've shown be held a bit by the fake of our wingback;

, \ 10 .\V 8 "1 6 (j\ . the 5tandar~ tailback to win.gb~ck. re.verse coming around wide. The center now I.

2.. ~ off single wmg. Because this IS basically must cut off the strongside linebacker,

an off tackle play our quarterback calls as the "draw" pulls him over towards, the power blocking at the mouth of the the weaks ide. hole just as he. does Ior the strongside DIAC,RAM 9-». off tackle play. The cadence "Fightvs OHIIr.-ar ... c;.Lf:. Down Hike:' means that #5 and #10

are powering together on the tackleand this means a wider course for #7 and #1. the ball carrier. "Rock-Down Hike" means that the center and #10 are powering together and this, in turn, means a lot closer course for #7 and #1. When #10 and the center do the power blocking (on the "rock" call from #2) #5 "influences" the man to be trapped

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here is that the center and #9 now power block together instead of #8 and #9. A call by #9 establishes whether center and #9 double team or whether #9 and #8 do the job together. Actually it boils down to the fact that the center and #9 will always be the power blockers unless there is a. man head on the center in which case #9 and #8 work together on the dou ble team. 1£ #9 and #8 are to power, our center simply falls out. to the weakside. If the center and #9 are to do the power blocking then #8· simply blocks according to his rule. i.e., block the first man in the area head' on himself to head on #7 inclusive. #7. on all spacings, blocks the Iirst man outside of head on himself. #10 and #5 are responsible for the safetyman and the far linebacker. If # 10 can't get across on the linebacker because he finds a defensive man too tight on him, a word signal sends #5 over on the linebacker and #10 can "influence" the man on him and go downfield . for the safety as shown in Diagram 9B. These are the only adjustments necessary then: (1) A decision between C, 9 and 8 as to which two are to do the power blocking job and (2) the simple switch of assignments between #10 and #5. Thi~ play has been one of our best as the angles on the linebackers are excellent. Both #3 and #4 are in good position to see the inception point and thus know exactly who is to be powered. The hole opening can be hit with several different ball handlings.

We run the weakside 3 or 5 hole either inside or outside the defensive tackle depending on hisalignment, It he

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and then turns out on the next man to the outside be he on or off the line of ' scrimmage. This is necessary to keep the end, for instance, from falling back to the inside and making the tackle for a negligible gain. as there is no threat of anything outside him. Other ball handlings into this hole change assignments only because of the "draw" of the play ..

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On the adjustment to the wide tackle .' as in Diagram UA all are the same ex- ;, cept that #5 now can release from his, "influence" job to block the HB in-:. stead of the defensive end-this man:, should now be held wide by the possi- ': bility that # I may have the ball. #9 /1 now cuts off the strongside linebacker .:; instead of going for the halfback. These (, changes are negligible-the men in- :", volved should know the backfield "draw" J: and thus will understand why these t small changes are necessary. \

Moving now to the 6 hole opening we'··;' see in Diagrams 12 and 12A, the ad-,J justments necessary to open the hole .. :" against a 6 Over, 5 Okie, a 5 Eagles and;';

. the 6 Undershift. . \',

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Against a 6 normal-s-or more specifically any spacing that finds a man in the slot between #9 and the center, #8 and #9 switch assignments as shown in Diagram 12B, i.e., #9 check blocks and #8 pulls to trap. This is done because the cross- check by #8 on a man in this slot

is very tough as nothing holds that defensive man up at all and he often pene· trates so quickly that he picks off #10 before #8 can get to him. Therefore, we let' #9 check him. Actually, #8 crosschecks a man further removed on the

6 undershirt spacing as in Diagram 12A, but now that man is momentarily held up by the center stepping into him before blocking back to the weakside. This slight delay permits #8 to get this rather long cross-check, Incidentally #10 "calls" for the center to tell him when . there is a man head on him on this hole opening.

I have shown on this 6 hole just the straight tailback series hitting into it. As

a matter of fact, in each hole opening so far 1 have shown only one way, generally the most obvious. of hitting that hole. Let me show you now some of the ways we have hit this particular 6 hole Diagram 15 shows the hole being exin the past eight or ten years at Prince·, ploited off the so-called "Big-Boy" series. ton. This will, I hope, give you some ' This series can be extremely effective to idea of the variety of flows and ball the weaks ide of the formation also, and handlings possible once the line has has some of the elements of the T forlearned how to adjust its hole openings marion option type play. The footwork to varied spacings. Remember that each is simple and the big boy in your backof the following is only one play of a field can do this where he might find series-s-i.e., the one hitting into the 6~ the' full spin extremely difficult. #3 of hole. And remember that the other hole course, fakes the pitchout to #4 in mo-

"influences" that man and #7 must power block alone as in Diagram 12A., A simple word call by #6 helps to let #7 know that #6 will not be working with him. #8 always blocks back on the first man inside of head on himself. #9 always pulls and traps. The center always blocks back to weakside and #10 always pulls through the hole for the strongside linebacker.

openings we have discussed can also be hit in just as, many different ways.

Diagram 13 shows a 6 hole playoff the full spin series by the fullback. The spinning technique takes an agile and well balanced fullback-and actually ours have been a bit too big and awkward recently to stress this series, but it

'is a good one.

Diagram 14: shows a buck lateral maneuver hitting into the 6 hole. For the sake of speed and simplicity, I am simply showing these plays as they would be run against the 6 over defense or the 5 man line defenses. In each case #6 and #7 are doing the power blocking together. However, they would all adjust

,exactly the same against other spacings as indicated in Diagrams 12, 12A and 12B.

don befo~e driving into the 6"li"Oie'"':be:."'-

hind #10. (}:)

Diagram 16 shows the "belly" maneuver off single wing hitting into the 6 hole. This series we used for the first time this year and it was good to us .

. The steps and faking by #3' are very easy-simpler from single wing than

from T' as a matter of fact. Again both #3 and #4 are in excellent position to know who is to be power blocked according to our inception point rules and can adjust their steps and faking accordingly.

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In Diagram 17 we are hitting back into the 6 hole off of a weakside flow. This is helpful as it hurts anyone who may be keying on our #2 back-a key often used in defending single wing. The

, only change here is that on these reverse flows #5 now takes the far half.back instead of the safety man who should be rotating to our weakside,

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This is the same play here in Diagram 18 as in Diagram 17 except that #4 is carrying the ball and #3 is out as a flanker on the weakside, Again #5 is on the far halfback because of the reverse draw of the play. Often here #10 will be

m~y be adjusted so far to the weakside that he need not block them-he runs a course-sometimes gening an end falling back into team defense or a corner man doing the same.

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Diagram 19 shows the G hole being hit off the fullback flanking to the strongside series. This has been very good to us as it ties in so well with our end run and off tackle play to the strongside off this same set.

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Diagram 20 shows the same playoff our fullback in motion to the weakside series. Again the #5 end must get the far halfback as the safety man generally rotates with #3 in motion. #10 again "runs a course" as the opponents may try to cover by sliding their linebackers. Often we have had both #10 and #5 on the strongs ide defensive halfback.

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Diagram 21 shows the "belly" maneuver back into the 6 hole from the line right backs left formation. Because the "belly" ride by #4 takes some time to execute properly, we ask #2 to help the center on the first man to the weakside .

of the center's head. j

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Diagram 22 shows the 6 hole again exploited from the line right backs left formation. This play has fitted in well with the quick sweep by #4 and #3 to the right. Again #2 helps out the center, but all other assignments and adjustments are the same as any 6 hole play.

Diagram 23 shows the 6 hole being exploited on our end over tailback series. On this play #3 can be in motion in any direction or flankered anywhere. There are no changes of assignment here for anyone. Even #5,' who is now cross Hankered, is still responsible for his safety man as usual-yet a very different picture is given the defense.

Diagram 24 shows the same end over formation with the buck lateral maneuver being used to exploit the 6 holeagain no assignment or adjustment changes whatsoever.

sets actually used by us in past- years hit the 6 hole. Both were used at a tin when we had a passer at the #2 PO! don. The removal of #'1, the tailbac makes it essential to have some kind ( a throwing threat at #2--or at least J should be an exceptional runner.

The above are some of the possibiliric in terms -of formations and sets fo just one hole opening off single wing There are many more as well, but I wan to stress again that the ones shown her, are ones that we haue actually tuorkcc on and used at Princeton .. Again let im stress that each is only one play off ; series, and most probably not till strongest off that particular series. If : series is chosen we get the above play: literally for nothing as the hole opening against various defenses has already beer learned. Bear in mind also that we de

. not have spring practice in our league so our practice time is sharply Iimitcd, Of course, the problem is to choose the series best suited to your material and the teaching time available-but the choice is a wide one. I hope I have indicated that the single wing is still a formation where flexibility and imagination are not dead-and the adjustment problems in opening the basic holes are not as difficult as our T friends would have you believe. If I've given a few ideas to our loyal, but dwindling, ranks of single wingers, I'm grateful. Thank you-(Applause)

(Whereupon a film was shown.)

_ PRESIDENT HAYES: Thanks, Coach, and we will have our symposium tonight commencing at eight o'clock.

l (The meeting recessed at four-fifty. five o'clock.)

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