Untitled | Screw | Track (Rail Transport)

272

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13.7.2000

CHAPTER 73 ARTICLES OF IRON OR STEEL

7301

Sheet piling of iron or steel, whether or not drilled, punched or made from assembled elements; welded angles, shapes and sections, of iron or steel
This heading covers sheet piling and welded angles, shapes and sections which have undergone working such as drilling, twisting, etc., provided that such working has not conferred on them the character of products covered elsewhere.

7301 20 00

Angles, shapes and sections This subheading does not cover perforated angles and ‘Halfen’ angles, shapes and sections (heading No 7308).

7302

Railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel, the following: rails, check-rails and rack rails, switch blades, crossing frogs, point rods and other crossing pieces, sleepers (cross-ties), fishplates, chairs, chair wedges, sole plates (base plates), rail clips, bedplates, ties and other material specialized for jointing or fixing rails
Current-conducting, with parts of non-ferrous metal This subheading covers only current-conducting rails, excluding running rails, the contact surface of which is of nonferrous metal (aluminium, copper) or which are equipped with connecting pieces made of non-ferrous metals. Conductor rails falling within this subheading also commonly called ‘third (or fourth) rails’, have the same cross-section as a running rail or have a double T or rectangular or trapezoidal etc. cross-section, and are made of steel which is generally softer than that of running rails, because their mechanical properties can be sacrificed to the electrical qualities: the electrical resistivity, which in the steel of running rails is about 0,19 × 10-6 ohm m, is only 0,11 ohm m for steel with a low carbon content (0,08 % approximately) and manganese content (0,20 %) and even 0,10 ohm m for Armco iron (practically pure iron: 99,9 %). Conductor rails can have an upper, lateral or lower contact and are often protected by a coating of resin which leaves uncovered the side on which the skid runs.

7302 10 10

7302 10 90

Used (ECSC) This subheading does not include used rails regarded as scrap of heading No 7204, for example, twisted rails and cut up rails less than 1,5 m in length.

7303 00
7303 00 10

Tubes, pipes and hollow profiles, of cast iron
Tubes and pipes of a kind used in pressure systems This subheading includes cast iron tubes and pipes commonly used as supply lines (often buried) for gas and water and which can withstand a pressure of at least 10,13 bar. Such tubes and pipes are manufactured almost exclusively from particularly high-strength ductile cast iron (minimum tensile strength: 420 MPa) and must possess particularly good mechanical properties (in particular plastic deformation) if they are not to facture as a result of gradual shifts in the soil. They therefore have a yield point of at least 300 MPa.

7304

Tubes, pipes and hollow profiles, seamless, of iron (other than cast iron) or steel
Articles of this heading of a length which does not exceed twice the greatest external dimension of the cross-section are not considered as tubes or pipes. They are considered to be either tube or pipe fittings (heading No 7307) or washers (heading No 7318).

7304 31 91

Precision tubes The products of this subheading are characterized by their smooth, shiny or polished internal or external surfaces and by the fact that their tolerances are stricter than those for hot-finished tubes. Tubes meeting the requirements of ISO Standard 3304 and the related national standards are used for applications such as hydraulic or pneumatic circuits, shock absorbers, hydraulic or pneumatic screws, and generally for the fabrication of parts for motor vehicles, motors or machines.

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However, tubes meeting the provisions of ISO Standards 2604 and 6759 and the relevant national standards are used as conduits in pessure vessels: boilers, superheaters, heat exchangers and feedwater heaters for power stations, where the tolerances imposed on precision tubing are required. 7304 39 10 Unworked, straight and of uniform wall-thickness, for use solely in the manufacture of tubes and pipes with other cross-sections and wall-thicknesses This subheading includes seamless steel tubes usually obtained by piercing and hot-rolling or by piercing and hot-drawing; they are usually called ‘blanks’. They are intended to be transformed into tubes of other shapes and wall-thickness with moe reduced dimensional tolerances. They are presented with the ends roughly cut-off and deburred but are otherwise unfinished. Their exterior and interior surfaces are rough and not descaled. They are not oiled, zinc-coated or painted. 7304 39 51 and 7304 39 59 Threaded or threadable tubes (gas pipe) These tubes are obtained by hot-rolling and calibration. They have external diameters of 13,5 to 165,1 mm, and are delivered with smooth ends or threaded ends with sleeves. They have either unfinished surfaces or surfaces with a layer of zinc or other protective product, e.g., plastic or bitumen. Hot finishing gives them mechanical properties which enable them to be cut to the length at which they are to be used, bent and where necessary threaded in situ. They are used mainly for the distribution of steam, water or gas in buildings. They meet the requirements of the ISO Standard 65 and the relevant national standards. 7304 49 10 Unworked, straight and of uniform wall-thickness, for use solely in the manufacture of tubes and pipes with other cross-sections and wall-thicknesses See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7304 39 10. 7304 51 91 Precision tubes See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7304 31 91. 7304 59 10 Unworked, straight and of uniform wall-thickness, for use solely in the manufacture of tubes and pipes with other cross-sections and wall-thicknesses See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7304 39 10.

7305

Other tubes and pipes (for example, welded, riveted or similarly closed), having circular cross-sections, the external diameter of which exceeds 406,4 mm, of iron or steel
The Explanatory Notes to heading No 7304 apply, mutatis mutandis.

7306

Other tubes, pipes and hollow profiles (for example, open seam or welded, riveted or similarly closed), of iron or steel
The Explanatory Notes to heading No 7304 apply, mutatis mutandis.

7306 30 21 and 7306 30 29

Precision tubes, with a wall thickness These subheadings cover both precision tubes not further worked than calibrated and precision tubes welded and colddrawn. 1. Tubes not further worked than calibrated These tubes are generally obtained by continuous welding, without filler metal, by electrical resistance or induction welding, from coiled flat-rolled products, hot-rolled or cold-rolled, after cold forming in the longitudinal direction. For the most part, their surfaces are free of scale and oiled, as a result of lubrication during forming, welding and calibrating. There is no external weld seam, this having been ground down immediately after welding. In some cases, the weld seam is also removed from the internal surface of the product. Following cold working and calibration, these products are delivered in the word-hardened state, unless heat treatment for the regeneration of the structure is not required; They are mainly used for the manufacture of parts of motor vehicles or machines, metal furniture, bicycle frames, perambulators, gates and balustrades.

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They meet the requiements of ISO Standard 3306 and the relevant national standards. 2. Welded, drawn tubes

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These tubes can be distinguished from welded precision tubes not further worked than calibrated by the fact that no race of a weld seam exists either on the external or on the internal surface of the tube and that their dimensional tolerances are stricter. Their uses are the same as those in subheadings 7304 31 91 and 7304 51 91. They meet the requirements of ISO Standard 3305, or those of ISO Standards 2604 and 6758 if they are used for pessure vessels. 7306 30 51 and 7306 30 59 7306 50 91 Threaded or threadable tubes (gas pipe) These tubes are made by the weld-forging process after hot working. For the other characteristics and uses see the Explanatory Notes to subheadings 7304 39 51 and 7304 39 59. Precision tubes See the Explanatory Notes to subheadings 7306 30 21 and 7306 30 29.

7307
7307 11 10 and 7307 11 90

Tube or pipe fittings (for example, couplings, elbows, sleeves), of iron or steel
Of non-malleable cast iron The expression ‘non-malleable’ includes lamellar graphite cast iron. These subheadings cover cast iron fittings, such as elbows, bends, sleeves, ties, collars and tees. They are connected to tubes or pipes of cast iron or steel by screwing, contact or by mechanical assembly.

7307 19 10

Of malleable cast iron Malleable cast iron is an intermediate product between lamellar graphite iron (grey iron) and cast steel. It can be easily cast and becomes tough and malleable after suitable heat treatment. During the heat treatment, the carbon partly disappears or changes its make-up; it finally deposits in the form of nodules which do not impair metallic cohesion to such an extent as the graphite flakes in grey cast iron. Where the carbon content is 2 % or less by weight, the products are regarded as being of cast steel and fall within subheading 7307 19 90 (see Note 1 to this chapter). The expression malleable includes spheroidal graphite cast iron. See also the Explanatory Notes to subheadings 7307 11 10 and 7307 11 90, second paragraph.

7307 23 10

Elbows and bends This subheading includes elbows and bends of constant thickness throughout their generating lines, as described in ISO Standard 3419-1981 and in the relevant national standards. Their ends are cut square and, in products with thicker walls, are chamfered to facilitate welding to the tubes. The fittings are pesented with either 45o or 90o bends (known as elbows) or with 180o bends (known as bends). This subheading also covers elbows and bends the thickness of which is not constant.

7307 23 90

Other This subheading covers mainly tees and crosses, sleeves, plugs and concentric or eccentric reducers described in ISO Standard 3419-1981 and in the relevant national standards. With respect to the finishing of the ends see the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7307 23 10.

7307 93 11

Elbows and bends See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7307 23 10.

7307 93 19

Other See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7307 23 90.

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Official Journal of the European Communities
Elbows and bends See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7307 23 10.

275

7307 93 91

7307 93 99

Other See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7307 23 90.

7308

Structures (excluding prefabricated buildings of heading No 9406) and parts of structures (for example, bridges and bridge-sections, lock-gates, towers, lattice masts, roofs, roofing frameworks, doors and windows and their frames and thresholds for doors, shutters, balustrades, pillars and columns), of iron or steel; plates, rods, angles, shapes, sections, tubes and the like, prepared for use in structures, of iron or steel
In addition to the products mentioned in the HS Explanatory Notes to heading No 7308, this heading includes: 1. perforated angles (‘handy angles’ or ‘Dexion slotted angles’) prepared for use in the assembly of metal structures such as racks, sets of shelves, furniture, stairs, scaffolding, roofing frameworks, presented separately or in sets; 2. ‘Halfen’ angles, shapes and sections of approximately omega cross-section with slits at irregular intervals along the back, slightly humped to permit insertion of an anchor strip, intended for embedding in concrete floors, ceilings or walls, for the purpose of securing by means of special bolts various types of equpment (machines, railway track, conveyor track, monorails, mobile cranes, piping, etc.).

7308 90 59

Other This subheading includes panels with an insulating core between a wall of profiled (ribbed) sheet as classified within subheading 7216 91 10 and a wall of sheet other than profiled (ribbed).

7310

Tanks, casks, drums, cans, boxes and similar containers, for any material (other than compressed or liquefied gas), of iron or steel, of a capacity not exceeding 300 l, whether or not lined or heat-insulated, but not fitted with mechanical or thermal equipment
Cans of a kind used for preserving food This subheading covers cans having the following characteristics: — the body of the can — is either printed with the name of the food, or — is delivered blank and is later provided with a label; — the top of the can is always opened completely, and can have for example a ring which allows the opening of the top. The top may, however, be supplied separately.

7310 21 11

7310 21 19

Cans of a kind used for preserving drink This subheading covers cans having the following characteristics: — the body of the can is always printed with the name of the drink, — the top is always opened partially, and can have for example a ring pushing or pulling a latch. The top may, however, be supplied separately.

7311 00

Containers for compressed or liquefied gas, of iron or steel This heading does not cover portable tyre inflators comprising, in addition to a compressed-air, reservoir, a pressure gauge, a filling tube, an adapter nozzle and air inlet and outlet valves, and in which the pessure gauge is used for measuring the pressure of the tyre and not the pressure inside the reservoir (subheadings 9026 20 51 to 9026 20 90).

7312
7312 10 71 to 7312 10 79

Stranded wire, ropes, cables, plaited bands, slings and the like, of iron or steel, not electrically insulated
Stranded wire Stranded wire consists of circular cross-section wires twisted in one or more layers around a core. Stranded wire may be round-strand, flat-strand or triangular strand, depending on the cross-section.

276 7312 10 82 to 7312 10 99

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Ropes and cables (including locked coil ropes) Ropes generally consist of a number of strands twisted in one or more layers around a core.

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Locked coil ropes have one or more outer layers consisting wholly or partly of interlocking wires, thus providing a surface impervious to water or foreign bodies. They always have a circular cross-sectional shape.

7318

Screws, bolts, nuts, coach screws, screw hooks, rivets, cotters, cotter-pins, washers (including spring washers) and similar articles, of iron or steel

7318 14 91

Spaced-thread screws This subheading covers hardened screws with head and fixing thread (V-thread) for driving into sheet metal. The thread, which is not metric, extendeds from the shank end to the head. The shank end is pointed or a journal. They typically have the following appearance:

7318 15 10

Screws, turned from bars, rods, profiles, or wire, of solid section, of a shank thickness not exceeding 6 mm ‘Screw-machine produced’ articles are considered to be those turned on a screw machine from bars, sections or wire, with their complete cross-section. These articles do not necessarily have to have been turned throughout the whole of their length. In addition to having been turned they may have undergone other metal removing operations e.g., milling, drilling, boring, or planing. They may also have slots or grooves. Surface working which does not alter their form and which is carried out after turning may also be admitted provided the articles are still identifiable as having been obtained by turning.

7318 15 20

For fixing railway track construction material This subheading includes: 1. hook bolts, which generally have a square or trapezoidal head with or without a square neck, and which are used for metal sleepers; 2. fish bolts, which generally have a square or round head and oval neck, and which are used to join rails to one another; 3. other bolts for fixing railway track construction material, which are generally supplied with nuts attached and which have a shank thickness not less than 18 mm.

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Official Journal of the European Communities
Without heads These subheadings include goods which typically have the following appearance:

277

7318 15 30 to 7318 15 49

7318 15 90

Other This subheading includes screws and bolts with square socket heads, square, octagonal or triangular heads,

round-headed screws and bolts of various types, e.g.:

7318 16 10

Turned from bars, rods, profiles, or wire, of solid section, of a hole diameter not exceeding 6 mm See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7318 15 10.

7318 16 91 and 7318 16 99

Other, with an inside diameter The inside diameter must be measured at the root of the thread. The diameter of bolts, on the other hand, must be measured at the crest of the thread.

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7320
7320 10 11

Springs and leaves for springs, of iron or steel
Laminated springs and leaves therefor Laminated springs are hot-worked leaf-springs with a cross-section tapering from mid-point to extremity.

7320 20 81

Coil compression springs Coil compression springs are designed to react to pressure and are therefore open-coiled.

7320 20 85

Coil tension springs Coil tension springs are designed to react to tension and are therefore close-coiled.

7320 20 89

Other This subheading includes coil torsion springs and volute springs. Coil torsion springs typically have the following appearance:

Volute springs typically have the following appearance:

7320 90 30

Discs springs Discs springs typically have the following appearance:

Disc spring column (cutaway)

Single disc spring

7324
7324 10 10 and 7324 10 90

Sanitary ware and parts thereof, of iron or steel
Sinks and wash basins, of stainless steel Stainless steel is defined in Note 1 (e) to chapter 72. The articles of these subheadings are usually made of stainless steel of the austentic type containing approximately 18 % chromium and 8 % nickel. They are produced either by the deep drawing of a sheet of stainless steel to give a one-piece sink or by the joining of one or more sink units with one or two smooth or channelled draining boards.

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7326
7326 20 90

Other articles of iron or steel
Other This subheading includes products consisting of one or more steel wires sandwiched between two strips of paper or plastic, not cut to length. These goods are generally supplied on spools for use with automatic bag closing machines. When cut into short lengths (suitable for sealing bags, sachets, etc.) these products are classified within heading No 8309 (see the HS Explanatory Notes to heading No 8309, second paragraph, (9)).

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