Wire Rope Cross Sections

6x7
Poly Core

6 x 12
Marine Rope

6 x1 7
Filler Rope

6 x19
Seale

6 x 19
Warrington

6 x 21
Filler Wire

6 x 24
(Mooring Line)

6 x 25
Filler Wire

6 x 26
WarringtonSeale

6 x 27
Seale

6 x 31
Filler Wire

6 x 31
WarringtonSeale

6 x 36
Filler Wire

6 x 36
Warrington-Seal

6 x 37
Warrington

6 x 49
Filler Wire-Seale

6 x40
Filler Wire

6 x 26
Warrington-Seale

6x8
(Mooring Line)

6 x 25
Filler Wire

6 x 30
Warrington-Seale

18 x 7
Non-rotating

19 x 7
Non-rotating

7x7
Glavanized &
Stainless Steel
Wire Rope

1x3
Strand

1 x7
Strand

6 x 41
6 x 41
6 x 46
Warrington-Seal Filler Wire-Seale Filler Wire-Seale

6 x 27
SealeWarrington

6 x 42
Seale

5 x 19
Filler Wire

7 x 7 x7
Glavanized &
Stainless Steel
Wire Rope

1 x 19
Strand

6 x 31
Seale

1 x 37
Strand

7 x 7 x7
Cable-Laid

6 x 31
Filler Wire

6 x 3 x 31
Warrington-Seale

7 x 7 x 19
Cable-Laid

7 x 7 x 41
Filler Wire

Recommended Applications
for Wire Ropes
USE

SIZE (in.)

CONSTRUCTION

LAY

CORE

GRADE

1/2 & Up
1/2 & Up
All
3/8 & Up

6 x 2 5 FW or 6 x 36
WS
6 x 19 or 6 x 37 Class
6 x 19 Class
6 x 37 Class

RRL
RRL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS

All
All
3/8---1-1/2

6 x 19 Class or 19 x
19
6 x 19 Class
19 x 7 or 35 x 7

RRL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS

All

6 x 19 Class

All

6 x 37 Class

RRL
RRL
RRL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS

Up to 1-1/4
1-3/8 & Up
3/4---1-1/2
1-5/8---3
3 & Up
1/2 & Up

6 x 19 or 8 x 19 Class
6 x 37 Class
8 x 19 Class
8 x 37 Class
8 x 37 Class
6 X 19 Class

RLL
RLL
RLL
RLL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS

Up to 1 1/8
1-1/4 & Up
3/4 & Up
1/2---1-1/4
1-3/8 & Up
3/8---1
1" & Up

6 x 19 CL or 8 x 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL
6 x 19 CL or 8 x 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL

RLL
RLL
RLL
RRL
RRL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
IPS
IPS

All
All

6 X 19 Class
6 X 19 Class

RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS

Clamshell
Holding &
Closing Lines
Boom Hoist
Line
Tag Line
Crawler & Truck Cranes
Hoist Line
Boom Hoist
Line
Whip Line
Cranes & Hoists
Overhead

Ladle Crane
Dragline
Hoist Line
Drag Line

Boom Hoist
Shovels
Hoist Line
Crowd &
Retract
Boom Hoist
Trip Rope

Logging Ropes
Chokers
Winch Lines
Mining

Filler Wire WS .Polypropylene .Galvanized Improved Plow Steel EEIPS .Fiber Core Fiber .Right Lang Lay LRL .Left Regular Lay IWRC .Extra Improved Plow Steel GIPS .Improved Plow Steel EIPS .Slope Rope Shaft Hoist Ropes Slusher Rope Mining Machine Rope All All All All 6 x 19 S RLL 6 x 19 S or 6 x 25 FW RLL or 3 x 19 S or 6 x 19 S RRL RRL 6 x 36 WS or 6 x 41 RRL WS FIBER FIBER IWRC IWRC IPS IPS IPS EIPS All All All 6 x 37 Class 6 x 19 or 6 x 37 Class 6 x 37 Class IWRC IWRC IWRC EIPS EIPS EIPS 6 x 19 S.Wire Rope Core FC .Right Regular Lay RLL . 6 x 21 S.Warrington Seale SFW .Hemp or Poly Core Poly .Extra.Rotation Lay Core RRL . 6 x RRL 1-1/4---2 RLL 26 CL 1/2---1 RRL 6 x 37 Class 1/2---5/8 RRL 6 x 19 Class 1-1/2---3 3/4 RRL 6x7 6 x 19 Class or 6 x 37 RRL 3/8---2 RRL Class 3/8---2-1/4 6 x 37 Class or 35 x 7 RRL 1-3/8---6 RRL Class 1-1/2---4 RLL or 35 x 7 Class 3-1/2---10 LLL 6 x 37 Class 6 x 37 Class IWRC IWRC IWRC POLY FIBER IWRC IWRC IWRC IWRC IWRC IWRC EIPS IPS IPS IPS EIPS IPS or EIPS EIPS EIPS EIPS EIPS Marine Ropes Towing Hawser Mooring Lines Cargo Falls RRL RRL RRL Oil Field Rotary Drill Lines Sand Lines Tubling Line Cable Tool Line 3/4---2 All All All Offshore Rotary Drill Lines Riser Tensioner Lines Guide Lines Sand Lines Pendant Lines Crane-Main Hoist Crane-Auxiliary Hoist Anchor Lines Heavy Lift Slings Heavy Lift Slings Definition of Abbreviations Grade IPS.Seale Filler Wire RR . 6 x 21 S. Extra Improved Construction FW . 6 x RRL RRL 26 NS RRL or 6x7 LRL 6 x 26 WS 6 x 21 S IWRC POLY FIBER IWRC POLY FIBER EIPS IPS EIPS IPS 1---2 6 x 19 S.

Polypropylene Core .Warrington S .Fiber Core Fiber .Seale Filler Wire RR .Warrington Seale SFW .Left Lang Lay RAL .Right Attended Lay LAL .Extra.Left Regular Lay LLL .Seale RRL .Extra.Galvanized Improved Plow Steel EEIPS .Wire Rope Core FC . Extra Improved Plow Steel FW .Right Regular Lay RLL .Rotation Resistant W .Filler Wire WS .Right Lang Lay LRL . Extra Improved Plow Steel EEEIPS .Extra Improved Plow Steel GIPS .Hemp or Poly Core Poly .Improved Plow Steel EIPS .IPS.Left Attended Lay IWRC . Extra.

HMI.Sheave and Drum Ratios Construction* 6x7 19 x 7 or 18 x 7 Rotation Resistant 6 x 19 S 6 x 25 B Flattened Strand 6 x 27 H Flattened Strand 6 x 30G Flattened Strand 6 x 21 FW 6 x 26 WS 6 x 25 FW 6 x 31 WS 6 x 37 SFW 6 x 36 WS 6 x 43 FWS 6 x 41 WS 6 x 41 SFW 6 X 49 SWS 6 X 43 FW (2 op) 6 x 46 SFW 6 x 46 WS 8 x 19 S 8 x 25 FW 6 x 42 Tiller Suggested D/d Ratio** 72 51 51 45 45 45 45 45 39 39 39 35 35 32 32 32 28 28 28 41 32 21 Minimum D/d Ratio** 42 34 34 30 30 30 30 30 26 26 26 23 23 21 21 21 18 18 18 27 21 14 * WS .Filler Wire Seale SFW .Seale Warrington Seale S . NOTE: These values are for reasonable service. Smaller values affect rope life. For example. PCSA.Filler Wire **D=tread diameter of sheave d= nominal diameter of rope To find any tread diameter from this table. Other values are permitted by various standards such as ANSI. etc.Seale Filler Wire SWS . the minimum sheave tread diameter for a 1/2" 6 x 21 FW rope would be 1/2" (nominal diameter) x 30 (minimum ratio) or 15".Seale FW . API. the diameter for the rope construction to be used is multiplied by its nominal diameter (d). CMAA. .Warrington Seale FWS .

191 0. the following provides a sufficiently close approximation.821 feet The value of "K" is taken from the previously calculated table of values shown below.21 1.29 2. .152 "K" FACTORS** (0.506 0.0532 0.58 1.152 Diam (inches) 1-3/8 1-1/2 1-5/8 1-3/4 1-7/8 2 2-1/8 2-1/4 2-3/8 2-1/2 K 0. It will not give correct results if the winding is non-uniform. For 1 1/4 diameter this value "K" is .4 13.19 Diam (inches) 1/2 9/16 5/8 11/16 3/4 13/16 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 K 0. 24" diameter drum and 30" width between flanges? Using the above formula the number of feet equals (6 + 24) x 6 x 30 x .0380 * This formula is based on uniform rope winding on the reel.59 3.0419 0.6 8. there is no appreciable error in the result unless the traverse of the reel is quite small relative to the flange diameter ("H"). While this is not strictly correct.0675 0. Capacities In Feet Of Rope = (A + B) ACK Example: How much 1 1/4" diameter rope can be spooled on a drum having a 36" diameter flange. ** The values given for "K" factors take normal rope oversize into account.107 0.0886 0.239 0.72 6.8 23.925 0.0770 0.354 0.127 0.Calculating Reel Capacity SHIPPING REEL CAPACITY While it is virtually impossible to calculate the precise length of wire rope that can be spooled on a reel or drum.741 0.0476 0.2618 divided by rope diameter (squared) Diam (inches) 1/16 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 7/32 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 K 49.152 or (A + B) x A x C x K Answer .607 0.428 0. The formula also assumes that there will be the same number of wraps in each layer.0597 0.308 0.14 4.

.

5 Material Hoists 6** In One Strand 4 3 3 3 3 3 4 3 Not Specified Number Broken Wires in Standing Ropes In One At End Rope Lay Connection Not Specified Not Specified 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 Not Specified Not Specified 2** 2 Not Specified Not Specified * American National Standards Institute ** Also remove for 1 valley break. The necking down of the wire at this point shows that failure occurred while the wire retained its ductility.4 Portal. Shear-tensile fracture (b) occurs in wire subjected to a combination of transverse and axial loads.6 Derricks 6 B30. Locomotive & 6 Truck Cranes B30.8 Flotaing Cranes & Derricks 6 B30.16 Overhead Hoists 12 A10. .7 Base Mounted Drum Hoists 6 B30.2 Overhead & Gantry Cranes 12 B30. Fatigue breaks are usually chacterized by squaredoff ends perpendicular to the wire either straight across or Z-shaped (c & d).Based on Number of Broken Wires Galvanized Number Broken Wires in Running Ropes ANSI* Equipment In One Standard Rope Lay B30. A wire broken under a tensile load that exceeds its strength by the "cup and cone" configuration at the fracture point (a).5 Crawler.4 Personnel Hoists 6** A10.Criteria for Replacement of Wire Ropes When to Replace Wire Rope . Tower & Pillar 6 Cranes B30.

6 2.3 Vinyl Coated (Galvanized) Diameter in "Coated Construction Minimum Break Rated WT.000 7 x 19 9. 1/16 7x7 480 3/32 7x7 920 1/8 7x7 1.6 2./ Lbs.3 4.2 6.3 Stainless Steel Diameter in Construction Minimum Break Inches Strength/Lbs.000 3/8 7 x 19 12.000 Rated Load/Lbs.000 1.0 13.280 1.5 6.960 2.560 1.000 1/4 7 x 19 6.0 13.600 7 x 19 2.700 3/16 7 x 19 3.8 1. 100 180 340 400 520 560 740 840 1.800 7 x 19 14.000 7 x 19 8.5 8.9 4.5 6.6 11.700 1/8 7 x 19 1. Per 100 Ft.400 Rated Load/Lbs.6 11.120 1.9 17.400 WT.700 7 x 19 4.9 17.2 6.3 4.Galvanized & Stainless Steel Wire Rope 7 x 19 (Shown Vinyl Coated) 7x7 (Shown Vinyl Coated) Galvanized Diameter in Inches 1/16 3/32 1/8 1/8 5/32 5/32 3/16 3/16 7/32 1/4 9/32 5/16 3/8 Construction Minimum Break Strength/Lbs.800 5/16 7 x 19 9.700 7 x 19 2.600 7 x 19 7. .000 7x7 2.400 9/32 7 x 19 7. . 100 180 340 350 520 480 740 740 1.880 WT. Per 100 Ft.800 7x7 3.8 2.5 8.3 24.600 5/32 7 x 19 2. 7x7 480 7x7 920 7x7 1.760 5/32 7x7 2.400 3/16 7x7 3.3 24.600 1.200 7 x 19 5.400 1.800 2.8 1. Per .700 7/32 7 x 19 5.8 2./ Lbs.9 4.

5 7/32 1/4 7 x 19 7 x 19 5.800 14. Load/Lbs.400 1.3 24.000 1.600 13. metals./ Lbs.700 2.000 1. 7x7 7x7 7 x 19 7 x 19 7 x 19 7x7 920 1. .9 5/16 3/8 7 x 19 7 x 19 9.960 2.000 3.400 740 100 Ft. 3 4 4 9 14 6.000 4.200 840 6.400 8.3 Other sizes.6 11.880 17.600 7. and coatings available on request.120 1.0 9/32 7 x 19 8.Inches To" Strength/Lbs.2 3/32 1/8 1/8 3/16 1/4 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/16 7 x 19 4.700 180 340 400 840 1. constructions.200 7.

450 0.450 96.570 36.297 1. * Regular or Compacted Strand 2160 Grade (Approximate) Nominal Diameter mm-1/+4% 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 1" Mass LBS/FT 0.950 134. at same strength.009 2.370 70.430 147.312 0.660 105.907 1.400 61.700 .580 30.136 1.Metric Crane Ropes * Available in inches and millimeters * Super Rotation Resistance * Can be used with in-line Swivels * 1770 thru 2160 Grades * Drawn Galvanized available.011 1.100 MBL LBS 31.800 0.260 49.000 54.140 78.210 114.712 0.622 0. for added corrosion protection.538 0.556 1.460 42.699 1.848 2.650 123.431 1.230 87.

313 217.210 32 3.160 34 3.736 245.730 29 2. .688 177.320 28 2.157 144.140 All specifications included herein are subject to change without notice.923 192.553 169.193 273.26 2.040 36 4.590 30 2.

91 .74 5/16 . industrial.) 1/4 . fatigue resistance.127 3. and abrasion resistance.131 3. (Lbs. Flex-X® 6 x 26 should be used in applications where increased strength./FT) (tons of 2000 lb. All popular sizes. with better resistance to drum crushing. Flex-X® 6 x 26 can result in longer service life. ? Single-part multi-part hoist lines. logging. Compared to standard 19 x 7. This rotation resistant. and abrasion resistance are beneficial. stability.06 . construction. strength. and oilfield applications. Longer service life./FT) (tons of 2000 lb.212 5. ? Designers/Engineers: ideal when machinery space and weight savings are important.218 6. Boom hoist ropes and drag ropes and mainline ropes in logging are a few of many recommended applications. ? Ideally suited to rugged applications. Flex-X provides higher strength in a smaller diameter.Wire Rope Compacted Strand Flex-X® and Hyperform® ? ? ? ? Mining.) WT. Stability. Compacted Strand 6 x 26 19 x 19 Diameter Approx Nominal Strength Approx Nominal Strength (inches) WT. higher strength rope provides extra value in both original equipment designs and replacement applications. (See metric core ropes) ? Important: Do not exceed 5:1 design factor. When properly used.8 . (Lbs.

43 4.32 .25 1.7 32.6 18.5 22.9 15.69 .11 8.45 4.2 14.33 5.80 11.25 1.54 .31 .75 3.5 87.67 2.18 2.71 3.3 19.55 .41 .17 2.8 56.3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 1-3/8 1-1/2 .7 32.3 11.25 5.70 .01 8.8 56.5 87.3 22.85 1.9 106 125 .40 .4 43.9 71.9 71.9 106 125 .86 1.68 2.4 43.

0 64.0 16.00 12.00 9.63 3.00 11.59 11.90 20.00 243.wire rope Page 1 of 1 Nominal Strengths of Wire Rope 6 x 31 .10 4.0 317.00 201.70 15.10 22.00 128.0 77.24 3/8 9.90 1.26 3.42 0.0 124. 1 lb = 4.70 70.00 7.27 7.00 17.79 5/8 16.40 3-1/4 83.90 2-7/8 74.00 83.ashleysling.70 18.60 17.50 3.32 0.00 6.60 58.com/wirerp6.78 5.50 15.13 3.00 181.66 0. multiply tons (nominal breaking strength) by 8.0 292.00 97.10 2-1/2 64.51 12.0 268.72 10.17 1-1/4 32.0 41.00 145.30 * To convert to Kilonewtons (kN).00 8.5 2.0 32.29 1.50 0.6 x 36 6 x 37 Classification/Bright (Uncoated).0 92.0 23.50 3.66 1-7/8 48.0 160.30 2-3/4 70.16 5/16 8.63 9/16 14.00 162.00 287.00 16.80 2 51.44 6.60 2-5/8 67. or Drawn Galvanized.49 0.0 371.00 13.896.70 9.00 312.00 221.63 1-5/8 42.0 141.50 12.20 1.48 14.10 5.0 399.0 244.80 37.91 1-3/8 35.0 52.30 2-1/4 57.60 0.5 13.00 5.71 0.91 8.60 2.86 0.0 179.60 47.95 1.448 newtons (N).92 1 26.15 7.10 0.0 107. http://www.16 0.00 15.20 29.48 1/2 13.98 3/4 19.70 2. For Regular Galvanized Strengths.0 222.00 2-1/8 54.0 344. Fiber Core Nominal Diameter Nominal Strength* Approximate Mass Improved Plow Steel Inches MM TONS METRIC TONS LB/FT KG/M 1/4 6.70 3 77.5 6.0 200.20 0.11 0.53 0.5 8.00 265.74 2.50 3-1/8 80.40 24.41 7/8 22.73 1-1/2 38.00 336. Deduct 10%.18 4.53 0.0 10.00 5.35 7/16 11.61 1-3/4 45.70 2-3/8 61.00 112.70 26.80 21.50 1-1/8 29.htm 24/8/2550 .0 4.24 0.0 362.00 10.68 2.

30 63.0 215.10 51.07 10. Deduct 10%.19 7.89 3.88 5.40 13.70 3/4 19. multiply tons (nominal breaking strength) by 8.00 153.67 11.67 4.00 2-1/2 64.0 83.50 9/16 14.6 x 26 6 x 19 Classification/Bright (Uncoated).0 192.94 5/16 8.0 69.00 2 51.26 8.60 12.75 3.36 10.56 7/16 11.50 7.00 238.10 114.89 1/2 13.46 0.67 6.07 1.17 0.50 1-1/4 32.0 152.5 2.0 115.30 5.00 2-3/8 61.00 12.00 180.00 249.0 11.00 1-3/4 45.00 174.00 302.27 4.00 2-1/4 57.00 247.0 133.52 0.00 20.448 newtons (N).896.70 51.50 17.39 0.00 132.00 KG/M 0.34 2. 1 lb = 4.0 262.68 0.18 0.20 20.55 2.00 274.70 29.80 36.00 198.00 79.70 46.40 3.00 200.00 METRIC TONS 2.50 1-1/2 38.00 300. http://www.00 LB/FT 0.39 8.88 1.12 0.60 1 26.0 44.44 9.35 9.00 224.ashleysling.00 261.00 2-3/4 70.11 2.72 1.00 327.16 5.40 26.00 103.htm 24/8/2550 .40 1-3/8 35.26 0.21 6.00 75.00 158.35 0.0 314.20 9.20 16.80 15.42 1.00 217.70 104.5 8.90 15.0 25.00 138.59 0.50 5/8 16.40 11.00 221.90 65.50 4.0 4.78 7.0 56.20 23.00 285.com/wirerp5.00 2-1/8 54.70 39.85 10.00 331. or Drawn Galvanized.00 Approximate Mass Extra Improved Plow Steel TONS METRIC TONS 3.30 12.10 16.00 1-7/8 48.00 174.58 3/8 9.00 361.00 156.00 274.16 4.00 195.50 96.00 139.90 1-1/8 29.00 120. IWRC Nominal Diameter Nominal Strength* Improved Plow Steel Inches MM TONS 1/4 6.08 5.00 2-5/8 67.70 89.55 6.95 8.40 40.wire rope Page 1 of 1 Nominal Strengths of Wire Rope 6 x 25 .20 31.0 34.0 288.85 2.40 13.5 6.0 98.5 14.00 87.90 72.30 19.80 14. For Regular Galvanized Strengths.0 172.0 239.60 7/8 22.27 0.80 * To convert to Kilonewtons (kN).48 4.60 18.04 1.0 17.00 121.00 59.25 13.90 1-5/8 42.

32 0.00 162.00 7.66 0.0 16.59 11.00 145.50 15.5 8. Deduct 10%.70 2.30 2-1/4 57.00 11. or Drawn Galvanized.71 0.27 7.35 7/16 11.0 160.66 1-7/8 48.41 7/8 22.0 292. .98 3/4 19.70 70.00 221.29 1.63 9/16 14.63 3.6 x 21 6 x 19 Classification/Bright (Uncoated).00 97.448 newtons (N).48 14.60 2-5/8 67. Fiber Core Nominal Diameter Nominal Strength* Approximate Mass Improved Plow Steel Inches MM TONS METRIC TONS LB/FT KG/M 1/4 6.86 0.20 1.0 124.0 222.44 6.49 0.20 29. For Regular Galvanized Strengths.16 5/16 8.60 17.0 77.61 1-3/4 45.50 0.95 1.0 32.78 5.48 1/2 13.60 2.0 10.17 1-1/4 32.92 1 26.10 2-1/2 64.00 10.5 2.00 128. 1 lb = 4.24 0.50 3.42 0.00 83.79 5/8 16.0 52.00 9. multiply tons (nominal breaking strength) by 8.0 268.74 2.53 0.00 112.90 * To convert to Kilonewtons (kN).16 0.60 58.70 15.0 92.00 2-1/8 54.0 179.70 2-3/8 61.30 2-3/4 70.0 141.68 2.11 0.10 5.26 3.0 200.20 0.60 47.50 3.896.0 244.00 12.60 0.10 0.00 6.00 181.13 3.18 4.0 64.00 243.Nominal Strengths of Wire Rope 6x19 .00 8.70 9.00 265.0 41.24 3/8 9.80 21.50 12.15 7.0 4.51 12.00 5.0 107.70 18.5 13.0 23.90 1.91 8.73 1-1/2 38.72 10.00 5.5 6.80 2 51.80 37.53 0.63 1-5/8 42.91 1-3/8 35.00 201.50 1-1/8 29.10 4.

SHEAVE ALIGNMENT Proper alignment of sheaves is essential. operating load of 10. or 2 degrees for a grooved drum.. The best practice in determining an adequate design factor is to analyze the specific conditions involved inn each individual installation. Wire Ropes are made with either fiber core or steel wire core. If the fleet angle is larger than the recommended limits. The steel core increases the strength by 7% and the weight by 10%. it can cause bad winding on smooth drums and rubbing against the flanges of the grooves. DESIGN FACTOR The Design Factor being both the ratio between the minimum Breaking load of the rope and the rated capacity (RC) tells at what percentage of its ultimate strength a wire rope is operating. Too small a fleet angle should also be avoided since it will cause the rope to pile up against the flange head. Steel centers resist crushing. FLEET ANGLE The fleet angle is the angle formed between the rope running to or from the extreme left or right of the drum and a line drawn from the center of the sheave normal to the axis of the drum.000 lbs.Wire Rope Specifications TYPES OF CORES An important point to consider is the selection of the proper type of core needed in the rope. the fleet angle should be checked and if found improper. The main sheave should line up with the center of the hoisting drum.000 lbs. and is having an ultimate strength of 50. Before installing any wire rope that winds onto a drum. These steel cores provide more substantial support than fiber cores to the outer strands during the rope's operating life. the factor is 5 which means it is operating at 20% of its ultimate strength. the angle here should not exceed 1 1/2 degrees for a smooth drum. conditions should be corrected. If . 2) Independent Wire Rope Core (IWRC) This center is usually composed of a separate 7x7 wire rope designated as IWRC. The Design Factor takes into consideration both normal rope wear and potential stresses in various applications. otherwise both the rope and sheave flanges will be subjected to severe and rapid deterioration will occur. For optimum efficiency. are more resistant to heat and increase the strength of the rope. 1) Fiber Core (FC) This center is made of either natural fibers or polypropylene and offers greater elasticity than the independent Wire Rope Core. The following example shows how to determine the Design Factor: If a rope is working under a max.

misused or overused. NOTE: Wire rope products will break if abused.rope speeds are high. Regular inspection and maintenance are necessary. . sheaves should also be balanced. Consult industry recommendation and OSHA standards before using.

Minimum Sheave and Drum-Groove Dimensions* .

404 1.869 1.69 20.37 61.598 1.320 .78 24.50 7.279 1.468 .669 .07 40.88 7.5 11 13 14.64 71.95 68.08 81.23 Worn 5 inches .35 71.79 37.36 26. drum-and sheave-groove tolerances should conform to the elevator manufacturer's specifications.85 78.167 .86 64.97 45.65 11.139 2. .90 47.99 35.807 1.27 43.4 8.33 57.699 .0 9.513 .607 1.56 28.153 1.36 67.04 27.19 11.577 .664 1.201 .22 40.48 27.639 .298 2.396 2.817 2.137 1.40 78.48 10.18 13.663 2.41 39.82 42.473 1.897 .025 1.050 2.339 1.543 .234 .481 1.833 .37 16.43 4.82 64.89 13.51 60.5 16 19 22 26 29 32 35 38 42 45 48 52 54 58 60 64 67 71 74 77 80 83 87 90 96 103 109 115 122 128 135 141 148 154 Groove Radius Groove Radius Groove Radius Groove Radius New 3 inches .06 4.85 25.210 1.534 2.57 48.929 3.66 37.07 55.288 .759 .190 .94 45.72 52.409 1.380 .264 2.538 1.440 .220 .947 3.47 50.28 4.256 .271 .736 .557 2.804 2.11 5.24 5.794 1.11 * Values given are applicable to grooves in sheaves and drums.079 1.544 1.803 . in this circumstance.135 .303 .939 1.03 14.129 .99 18.730 1. the dimensions do not apply to traction-type elevators.32 58.45 32.434 2. they are not generally suitable for pitch design since this may involve other factors.32 8.73 32.160 .003 1.338 1.59 6.75 19.271 1.Nominal Rope Diameter 1 inches 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 1-3/8 1-1/2 1-5/8 1-3/4 1-7/8 2 2-1/8 2-1/4 2-3/8 2-1/2 2-5/8 2-3/4 2-7/8 3 3-1/8 3-1/4 3-3/8 3-1/2 3-3/4 4 4-1/4 4-1/2 4-3/4 5 5-1/4 5-1/2 5-3/4 6 Nominal Rope Diameter 2 mm 6.13 9.918 2.075 Worn 6 mm 3.72 54.16 22. Further.605 .66 16.79 15.23 17.199 1.01 35.198 New 4 mm 3.40 22.28 21.41 29.22 74.62 39.731 1.658 1.178 2.25 23.959 1.401 .691 2.28 33.29 30.876 .11 43.94 6.70 8.88 30.83 5.49 34.074 3.55 74.085 1.334 .59 42.997 2.

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