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2000 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 374 E/103

However, Member States, in practice current, communicate to the Commission the development consid-
ered deliveries carried out to industry. Currently, the Commission has these estimates for the period April-
December, except for Greece (August) and Spain (November). In this estimate, one can observe that certain
Member States exceed the profile considered for the period in question. As one can observe in the table
which is sent directly to the Honourable Member as well as to the Secretariat-General of Parliament, this
involves Spain, Italy, Luxembourg, Austria, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

At the reading of this table, one must take account that the transfers provided for in Articles 4 and 6 of
Council Regulation (EEC) No 3950/92 of the Council, of 28 December 1992, establishing an additional
levy in the sector of milk and of the (2) milk products can cause an increase or reduction in the
overshooting according to the case.

Considering what precedes, the data available gives only a partial vision of the quantities of overshooting,
since the estimates of the 25 % of the reference period also are missing, i.e., January 2000 at March 2000,
which can change significantly the development undertaken until now by each Member State.

(1) OJ L 57, 10.3.1993.
(2) OJ L 405, 31.12.1992.

(2000/C 374 E/119) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0551/00
by Guido Podestà (PPE-DE) to the Commission

(28 February 2000)

Subject: Ground services and air traffic control

Civil aviation is, by definition, an international concern. Individual nations must therefore be bound by
common rules and standards. Technical standards are set at international level by the ICAO, and at
European level by the ECAC. Individual countries have the sovereign right to choose exactly how to
transpose the recommendations made by those bodies into their national legislation.

In keeping with the objectives set for the European Union, uniform rules should be laid down for the main
sectors of the industry in the interests of air safety. As far as aircraft and pilots are concerned, the rules
governing systems and staff training and mobility have already been harmonised. However, a number of
shortcomings are still to be found in European air traffic control legislation.

In view of their impact on air safety, European standards based on uniform criteria should be laid down
for maintenance and systems management operations carried out by the various national bodies operating
in the civil aviation sector (airport operating companies, ground service companies, etc.). There is also a
need for common standards governing licences and certificates of competency for air traffic controllers
(as provided for in Annex 1 to the ICAO Convention), AIS officers, meteorologists and technical ground

An EU directive should therefore be adopted with a view to ensuring both the adoption of and compliance
with uniform criteria and respect for the principle of freedom of movement for ground staff and air traffic

Does the Commission intend to submit proposals for Community legislation governing the above matters,
and if so, when?

Answer given by Mrs de Palacio on behalf of the Commission

(10 April 2000)

As far as the production, maintenance, and operation of aircraft and related personnel are concerned, the
development and implementation of common safety regulatory standards and procedures have been
C 374 E/104 Official Journal of the European Communities EN 28.12.2000

pursued within the European Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA). This regulatory framework has also allowed
procedures for joint certification and has become part of the Community order by means of Council
Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91 of 16 December 1991 on the harmonization of technical requirements and
administrative procedures in the field of civil aviation (1). At the same time, a level playing field has been
created for fair and equal competition of all actors in the Community. A proposal for the establishment of
a European organisation (EASA) which will build upon JAA to improve and reinforce it is now under
discussion within the Commission.

In the field of air traffic management, Eurocontrol develops standards and technical specifications aiming
essentially at ensuring interoperability and a seamless operation of national systems. Eurocontrol standards
become part of the Community order by means of Council Directive 93/65/EEC of 19 July 1993 on the
definition and use of compatible technical specifications for the procurement of air traffic management
equipment and systems (2). However, Eurocontrol work is mainly focused at system and air traffic control
(ATC) procedures standards and does not cover the full range of requirements related to ATC services, staff
and operations. This difference is partly explained by the lack of a European market for ATC and the
consequent prevalence of national arrangements, which show significant variations.

On the more specific question of common standards governing licences and certificates of competence for
air traffic controllers, Eurocontrol is working to introduce a harmonised scheme in the European Civil
Aviation Conference (ECAC) area. The Community is closely following this activity, which may lead to an
Community directive, as suggested by the Honourable Member.

(1) OJ L 373, 31.12.1991.
(2) OJ L 187, 29.7.1993.

(2000/C 374 E/120) WRITTEN QUESTION P-0556/00
by Gorka Knörr Borràs (Verts/ALE) to the Commission

(23 February 2000)

Subject: Protocol on cooperation between the Aquitaine region, the Autonomous Community of the
Basque Country and the Autonomous Community of Navarre

In 1980 France and Spain signed an agreement in Bayonne, France, paving the way for regional cross-
border cooperation. On 3 October 1989, in Bordeaux, the Autonomous Community of the Basque
Country and the Aquitaine region signed a protocol on cooperation formalising cross-border relations
between them. They were subsequently joined by the Autonomous Community of Navarre on 13 February
1992, when a new protocol was signed.

The objectives of that protocol are:

 to exchange information and harmonise the policies pursued by the three regions to develop
infrastructure in the communications, training, economic, social, research and cultural fields, where
the said policies overlap;

 to reach agreement on the framing and development of projects of joint interest; and

 to foster cooperation between public-sector, professional and private-sector bodies in the three

On 25 January last the Government of the Autonomous Community of Navarre decided unilaterally to
withdraw from the protocol on cooperation, citing political differences of no relevance to issues in the
areas covered by the protocol.

Does the Commission believe that the development of cross-border cooperation between these three
regions could suffer as a result of this move, especially bearing in mind that the new Interreg Community
initiative will strengthen such cooperation? Will the Commission say whether the subsidies and aid
currently received by the Autonomous Community of Navarre for projects under the said protocol are
now in jeopardy?