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29.12.

2000 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 377/159

Wednesday 15 March 2000

European Parliament legislative resolution on the proposal for a European Parliament and Council
directive relating to ozone in ambient air (COM(1999) 125 C5-0048/1999 1999/0068(COD))

(Codecision procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the Commission proposal to the European Parliament and the Council
(COM(1999) 125),

 having regard to Article 251(2) and Article 175(1) of the EC Treaty pursuant to which the Commi-
ssion submitted the proposal to Parliament (C5-0048/1999),

 having regard to Rule 67 of its Rules of Procedure,

 having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Policy
and the opinion of the Committee on Industry, External Trade, Research and Energy (A5-0062/2000),

1. Approves the Commission proposal as amended;

2. Asks to be consulted again should the Commission intend to amend its proposal substantially or
replace it with another text;

3. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and Commission.

11. Atmospheric pollutants ***I

A5-0063/2000

Proposal for a European Parliament and Council directive on national emission ceilings for certain
atmospheric pollutants (COM(1999) 125 C5-0047/1999 1999/0067(COD))

The proposal was amended as follows:

TEXT PROPOSED AMENDMENTS
BY THE COMMISSION BY PARLIAMENT

(Amendment 1)
Recital 10

(10) The Commission should continue to examine further (10) The Commission should continue to examine further
appropriate Community measures which may be cost-effective appropriate Community measures which may be cost-effective
means of attaining the environmental objectives. means of attaining the environmental objectives. It is necess-
ary above all to establish rules for the most important
sources of emissions of ozone precursors which are the
subject of internal market rules and for products which
are freely traded on the internal market and which, when
used, produce significant emissions of ozone precursors.
C 377/160 Official Journal of the European Communities EN 29.12.2000

Wednesday 15 March 2000

TEXT PROPOSED AMENDMENTS
BY THE COMMISSION BY PARLIAMENT

(Amendment 2)
Recital 10a (new)

(10a) The Commission should submit without delay the
overdue proposals amending emission rules for two- and
three-wheeled vehicles and emission rules for mobile
machinery and appliances to take account of the latest
technology. In that connection, provision should be made
for emission rules for new appliances with small motors
(e.g. power saws and lawnmowers). The Commission
should also propose as soon as possible Community rules
laying down conditions for the placing on the market of
products containing VOC for the commercial and private
sectors in order to reduce non-industrial emissions of
VOC.

(Amendment 3)
Recital 14

(14) A timely review is required of the progress in the (14) A timely review is required of the progress in the
Community towards the emission ceilings for 2010, as well as Community towards the emission ceilings for 2010, as well as
of scientific and technical progress, developments in Commun- of scientific and technical progress, developments in Commun-
ity legislation and emission reductions outside the Community. ity legislation and emission reductions outside the Community,
In that review, the Commission should undertake a further with special regard to progress made inter alia by the
examination of the costs and benefits of the emission ceilings, accession candidate countries. In that review, the Commi-
including their cost-effectiveness, marginal costs and benefits ssion should undertake a further examination of the costs and
and socio-economic impact. The review should also consider benefits of the emission ceilings, including their cost-effective-
the limitations on the scope of this Directive. The Commission ness, marginal costs and benefits and socio-economic impact.
should for this purpose prepare a report to the European Par- The review should also consider the limitations on the scope
liament and the Council if necessary propose appropriate of this Directive. The Commission should for this purpose pre-
amendments to this Directive. An interim objective for soil pare a report to the European Parliament and the Council if
eutrophication should be established in the review of the Direc- necessary propose appropriate amendments to this Directive.
tive in 2004. An interim objective for soil eutrophication should be estab-
lished in the review of the Directive in 2004.

(Amendment 30)
Article 1

The aim of this Directive is to limit emissions of acidifying and The aim of this Directive is to limit emissions of acidifying and
eutrophying pollutants and ozone precursors in order to eutrophying pollutants and ozone precursors in order to
improve the protection of the environment and human health improve the protection of the environment and human health
against risks of adverse effects from acidification, soil eutrophi- against risks of adverse effects from acidification, soil eutrophi-
cation and tropospheric ozone towards the long-term objective cation and tropospheric ozone towards the long-term objective
of no exceedance of critical levels and loads and the effective set for 2015 whereby in principle the critical loads must
protection of all people against recognised health risks from air not be exceeded in any part of the Community with the
pollution. final target of no exceedance of critical levels and loads in the
year 2020 and the effective protection of all people against
recognised health risks from air pollution.
29.12.2000 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 377/161

Wednesday 15 March 2000

TEXT PROPOSED AMENDMENTS
BY THE COMMISSION BY PARLIAMENT

(Amendment 6)
Article 2(a) and (b)

(a) emissions from international maritime traffic; Deleted

(b) aircraft emissions beyond the landing and take-off cycle;

(Amendment 7)
Article 3(7)

(7) ‘volatile organic compounds’ (VOC) means all organic (7) ‘volatile organic compounds’ (VOC) means all organic
compounds of anthropogenic nature, other than methane, compounds of anthropogenic nature, with a vapour pres-
that are capable of producing photochemical oxidants by sure greater than 10 pascal under conditions of use,
reactions with nitrogen oxides in the presence of sunlight. other than methane, that are capable of producing photo-
chemical oxidants by reactions with nitrogen oxides in the
presence of sunlight.

(Amendment 8)
Article 4(1)

1. By the year 2010 at the latest, Member States shall limit 1. By the year 2010 at the latest, Member States shall limit
their annual national emissions of the pollutants sulphur diox- their annual national emissions of the pollutants sulphur diox-
ide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds ide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds
(VOC) and ammonia (NH3) to amounts not greater than the (VOC) and ammonia (NH3) to amounts not greater than the
emission ceilings laid down in Annex I. emission ceilings laid down in Annex I, taking into account
possible modifications in accordance with Article 9(3)
with a view to possible further emission reductions.

(Amendment 9)
Article 5

The interim environmental objectives of this Directive are those The interim environmental objectives (1) which the national
set out in Annex II. emission ceilings in Annex I are designed to meet by
2010 are:

Acidification
A reduction of areas with exceedance of critical loads by
at least 50 per cent (in each grid cell) (2) compared with
the 1990 situation.

Health-related ozone exposure
The ozone load above the health-related criterion
(AOT60 (3) = 0) is to be reduced by two-thirds in all grid
cells compared with the 1990 situation. In addition, the
ozone load is not to exceed an absolute limit of 2,9 ppm.h
in any grid cell.

Vegetation-related ozone exposure
The ozone load above the critical level for crops and semi-
natural vegetation (AOT40 (4) = 3ppm.h) is to be reduced
by one-third in all grid cells compared with the 1990
situation. In addition, the ozone load is not to exceed an
C 377/162 Official Journal of the European Communities EN 29.12.2000

Wednesday 15 March 2000

TEXT PROPOSED AMENDMENTS
BY THE COMMISSION BY PARLIAMENT

absolute limit of 10 ppm.h, expressed as an excess of the
critical level of 3 ppm.h in any grid cell.
(Annex II is deleted)

(1) Improvements with regard to soil eutrophication: As a result
of the national emission ceilings, the Community area with
depositions of nutrient nitrogen in excess of the critical
loads will be reduced by about 30 per cent compared with
the situation in 1990.
(2) A grid cell is 150 km x 150 km, which is the resolution used
when mapping critical loads on a European scale, and also
when monitoring emissions and depositions of air pollutants
by the Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evalu-
ation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Eur-
ope (EMEP).
(3) Measure of excess ozone accumulated over a threshold of
60 ppb.
(4) Measure of excess ozone accumulated over a threshold of
40 ppb.

(Amendments 11 and 25)
Article 9(1) and (2)

1. In 2004 and 2008 the Commission shall report to the 1. In 2003 and 2007 the Commission shall report to the
European Parliament and the Council on progress in the imple- European Parliament and the Council on progress in the imple-
mentation of the national emission ceilings laid down in mentation of the national emission ceilings laid down in
Annex I and in relation to the interim environmental objectives Annex I and in relation to the interim environmental objectives
set out in Annex II. The reports shall include an economic set out in Article 5. The reports shall include an economic
assessment, including cost-effectiveness, benefits, an assessment assessment, including cost-effectiveness, benefits, an assessment
of marginal costs and benefits and the socio-economic impact of marginal costs and benefits and the socio-economic impact
of the implementation of the national emission ceilings on par- of the implementation of the national emission ceilings on par-
ticular Member States and sectors. They shall also include a ticular Member States and sectors. They shall also include a
review of the limitations of the scope of this Directive as review of the limitations of the scope of this Directive as
defined in Article 2 and take into account the reports made defined in Article 2 and take into account the reports made
by Member States pursuant to Article 8(1) and (2), as well as: by Member States pursuant to Article 8(1) and (2), as well as:

(a) emission reductions and reduction commitments by third (a) emission reductions and reduction commitments by
countries; third countries, and the possibility for further
emission reductions in regions in the vicinity of the
Community;

(b) the enlargement process; (b) the enlargement process, with particular focus on mea-
sures to be taken in the accession candidate countries
in order to fulfil the requirements of this Directive;

(c) new Community legislation and any international regula- (c) new Community legislation and any international regula-
tions concerning ship emissions; tions concerning ship and aircraft emissions;

(d) new technical and scientific data; (d) new technical and scientific data;

(e) assessment of current and projected exceedance of critical (e) assessment of current and projected exceedance of critical
loads and the WHO’s guideline values for tropospheric loads and the WHO’s guideline values for tropospheric
ozone; ozone;
29.12.2000 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 377/163

Wednesday 15 March 2000

TEXT PROPOSED AMENDMENTS
BY THE COMMISSION BY PARLIAMENT

(f) the identification of an interim objective for reducing soil (f) the identification of an interim objective for reducing soil
eutrophication; eutrophication;

(g) new livestock projections reflecting developments in the (g) new livestock projections reflecting developments in the
Common Agricultural Policy; Common Agricultural Policy;

(h) new energy forecasts reflecting the actions taken by the (h) new energy forecasts reflecting the actions taken by the
Member States to comply with their international obliga- Member States to comply with their international obliga-
tions in relation to climate change. tions in relation to climate change;

(ha) the development of transport and the objective of
controlling its emissions;

(hb) the comparison of the model with the available data
measured in practice on eutrophication and acidifica-
tion;

2. In 2012 the Commission shall report to the European 2. In 2011 the Commission shall report to the European
Parliament and the Council on compliance with the ceilings in Parliament and the Council on compliance with the ceilings in
Annex I and on progress in relation to the interim environ- Annex I and on progress in relation to the interim environ-
mental objectives in Annex II. Its report shall take account of mental objectives in Article 5. Its report shall take account of
the reports made by Member States pursuant to Article 8(1) the reports made by Member States pursuant to Article 8(1)
and (2) as well as the matters listed in points (a) to (e) of para- and (2) as well as the matters listed in points (a) to (e) of para-
graph 1 of this Article. graph 1 of this Article.

(Amendment 12)
Article 9a (new)

Article 9a

Review

In the light of progress towards attaining the emission
ceilings for 2010, of scientific and technical progress,
of the situation regarding the overstepping of the critical
load limits and of the WHO’s guideline values for air pol-
lution, and having regard to the other factors referred to
in Article 9(1), the Commission shall carry out a review of
this Directive, including further investigation of the esti-
mated costs and benefits of emission ceilings, and, at the
latest before the end of the year 2004, shall propose
amendments to this Directive, including proposals for
amendments to the emission ceilings laid down in
Annex I, interim environmental objectives set out in Ar-
ticle 5, proposals for measures to ensure compliance with
the emission ceilings, and proposals for further reductions
in emissions.

(Amendment 13)
Article 10

To promote the achievement of the objective set out in To promote the achievement of the objective set out in
Article 1, the Commission shall pursue bilateral and multilat- Article 1, the Commission shall pursue bilateral and multilat-
eral cooperation with third countries and relevant international eral cooperation with third countries and relevant international
organisations such as the UN/ECE and IMO concerning techni- organisations such as the UN/ECE, IMO and ICAO concerning
cal and scientific research and development and the facilitation technical and scientific research and development and the facil-
of emission reductions. itation of emission reductions.