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C 40/420 Official Journal of the European Communities EN 7.2.

2001

Thursday 13 April 2000

1. Calls, on grounds of humaníty, on the Council, the Commission and the High Representative for the
CFSP to take action to ensure that:
(a) the Security Council clarifies the terms of Resolution 1284 by specifying precisely what is expected of
the Iraqi government;
(b) Iraq agrees to cooperate in applying the UN resolutions;
(c) consequently, the lifting of sanctions is announced as a matter of urgency;
(d) the international community continues to exercise vigilance with regard to the Iraqi regime;
(e) attention is drawn to the need to abide by the rules of the UN Charter and that, consequently, military
action not authorised by the Security Council is discontinued;
(f) the quest for an overall political solution based on compliance with the standards of the international
community is encouraged;

2. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the High Represen-
tative for the CFSP and the governments of the Member States, of the United States and of Iraq.

9. Chechnya

B5-0363/2000

European Parliament resolution on Chechnya

The European Parliament,

/ recalling its resolutions of 7 October 1999 (1), 18 November 1999 (2), 20 January 2000 (3), 17 February
2000 (4) and 16 March 2000 (5),

/ having regard to Council of Europe Recommendation 1444 (2000) of 27 January 2000 on restoration
of the rule of law, respect for human rights and democracy in Chechnya,

/ having regard to Council of Europe Recommendation 1456 (2000) of 6 April 2000 on the implemen-
tation by Russia of Recommendation 1444 (2000),

/ having regard to the visit of UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mary Robinson, to the Rus-
sian Federation, Dagestan, Ingushetia and Chechnya,

A. reiterating its deep concern about the situation in Chechnya and the risk of the conflict spilling over
into neighbouring countries,

B. deeply concerned about ongoing reports of gross violations of human rights and international huma-
nitarian law,

C. whereas the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly called on the Committee of Ministers to sus-
pend Russia’s membership if it did not immediately call a cease-fire and engage in political dialogue
with a cross-section of the Chechen people; whereas the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
has also suspended the voting rights of the Russian parliamentary delegation,

1. Calls on the Russian authorities once again to take immediate steps towards a peaceful solution to
the conflict, in particular by calling a cease-fire and putting an end to the use of indiscriminate force, as
well as initiating a political dialogue between their government and Chechen representatives;

(1) Texts adopted, Item 1.
(2) Texts adopted, Item 15.
(3) Texts adopted, Item 6.
(4) Texts adopted, Item 16.
(5) Texts adopted, Item 12.
7.2.2001 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 40/421

Thursday 13 April 2000

2. Proposes to set up a common delegation with the Russian Duma to visit the North Caucasus region,
in order to discuss with the Russian authorities and Chechen representatives all issues related to the cur-
rent conflict;

3. Calls on the Council and the Commission to elaborate with the Russian authorities and Chechen
representatives a post-war programme of reconstruction for Chechnya once a cease-fire has been reached;

4. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Council of
Europe, the OSCE, the Secretary General of the UN, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the
Russian State Duma and Federal Council, the government of the Russian Federation and the Chechen
authorities.

10. Human rights: Prisoners in Iran

B5-0340, 0351, 0362, 0367, 0378 and 0383/2000

European Parliament resolution on the prisoners facing trial in Iran on charges of espionage on
behalf of Israel and the United States

The European Parliament,

/ recalling its resolution of 16 September 1999 on the situation of prisoners accused of espionage in
Iran (1),

/ having regard to the letter sent by the President of the European Parliament to the President of the
Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran of 12 August 1999, on the Jewish prisoners,

/ having regard to its previous resolutions on the death penalty,

/ having regard to the United Nations Human Rights Charter,

A. having regard to information from human rights organisations, such as Amnesty and Human Rights
Watch, on the institutional hardships of the Jewish community and other minorities, such as the
Christians and the Bahais, in Iran,

B. disturbed by the fact that two Jews were executed in 1997 on espionage charges, that a 60-year-old
man was executed on vague charges of being a Zionist agent in 1998, and that since 1979, it is
understood that 15 Jewish leaders have been executed under similar circumstances in Iran,

C. noting that in Iran any contact whatsoever with Israel can be defined as espionage, punishable by the
death penalty,

D. expressing concern that 13 Jews and eight Moslems are scheduled to face trial in Iran on charges of
espionage on behalf of Israel and the United States, starting on 13 April 2000, and further concerned
that this trial would last for only one day and be held behind closed doors,

E. disturbed that their arrest was only made public in June 1999 following their arrest in March 1999
and that most have been in detention ever since,

F. dismayed by the spurious nature of the charges and their possible anti-Semitic basis, given the profes-
sions of the accused,

G. disturbed that until only recently the accused have not been allowed to appoint their own lawyers,
and that the state-appointed lawyers have complained of obstruction in seeing their clients, even for
signing documents,

(1) OJ C 54, 23.2.2000, p. 112.