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7.2.

2001 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 40/425

Thursday 13 April 2000

D. noting with interest that the Governor of Illinois has imposed a moratorium on executions owing to
serious concern about the fairness of capital convictions in his State,

E. noting reports that the US Justice Department is conducting a review into race and the federal death
penalty and urging that the methodology and scope of this study be made public,

F. whereas 98 persons under sentence of death were executed in the United States in 1999,

G. disturbed by Amnesty International figures which estimate that only China, the Democratic Republic
of Congo and Iraq carried out more judicial executions than the United States in 1998,

H. noting that even the US Attorney General Janet Reno admits that no study so far has been able to
prove the dissuasive effects of the death penalty,

1. Reiterates its call for the abolition of capital punishment and the immediate imposition of a mora-
torium in countries where capital punishment still exists;

2. Urges the US Government to comply with the request made by the Inter-American Commission on
Human Rights on 27 January 2000 that the execution should not proceed before the Commission has
examined and ruled on the case;

3. Urges President Clinton to grant clemency to Juan Garza and to impose an immediate moratorium
on federal executions, as a first step toward the universal abolition of the death penalty in the United
States;

4. Calls on all candidates running in the current presidential elections also to endorse a moratorium on
the death penalty and support the universal abolition of capital punishment;

5. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, President Clinton,
Vice-President Gore and Governor Bush, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Pre-
sident of the UN Commission on Human Rights.

14. Human rights: Zimbabwe

B5-0381, 0382, 0386 and 0389/2000

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Zimbabwe

The European Parliament,

A. whereas the EU General Affairs Council has urged the Zimbabwean Government to call early elections
which should be free and fair,

B. whereas Zimbabwe has scheduled democratic elections this year and whereas it is of the utmost
importance for democratic and sustainable development that these elections are open and transparent,

C. whereas Zimbabwe lacks implementation of basic democratic principles, such as a fully dependent
judiciary system, respect for human rights and proper accountability,

D. whereas the Zimbabwean Government is spending a large part of the state budget to finance the cost
of the military intervention in the Democratic Republic of Congo,

E. whereas in a currently escalating crisis more than 800 mainly white-owned commercial farms have
been occupied by supporters of the ruling Zanu-PF party and former guerrillas in moves declared
C 40/426 Official Journal of the European Communities EN 7.2.2001

Thursday 13 April 2000

illegal by the High Court and rejected in a national referendum, but condoned by President Robert
Mugabe, who has ruled since independence from Britain in 1980,

F. recalling that part of the land given out immediately after independence was wrongly allocated to
President Mugabe’s political supporters instead of being evenly distributed to the population,

G. whereas many opposition activists in Zimbabwe declared their support to the owners of seized farms,

H. whereas the seizure of farms is a further violation of the rule of law in Zimbabwe and whereas the
important point of fair land distribution can only be solved by a democratic and non-violent process
based on the rule of law,

1. Calls for general elections to be held at the earliest date, not later than the suggested date of 1 June
2000;

2. Calls on the Zimbabwean authorities to respect human rights, including the rights of minorities, and
to respect international standards governing elections;

3. Urges the Zimbabwean authorities to launch a democratisation process in the country, also by
enabling the independent press and the civil society to fully enjoy freedom of expression;

4. Calls on the Zimbabwean Government to withdraw its armed forces from the Democratic Republic
of Congo and to devote its financial resources to improving the living conditions of its citizens;

5. Considers that the issue of land reform can only be settled through non-violent and legal means;

6. Takes this opportunity to warn that the rule of law must be re-established as soon as possible in
order to permit normal development to continue;

7. Calls on the Council and the Commission to involve the European Parliament in the monitoring of
the forthcoming elections;

8. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Commission, the Council, the ACP-EU Joint
Assembly, the OAU and the Government of Zimbabwe.

15. World education forum

B5-0355, 0357, 0371, 0380 and 0384/2000

European Parliament resolution on the World Education Forum

The European Parliament,

A. having regard to the Education for All Conference at Jomtien in 1990 where the world’s governments
agreed to provide education for all by 2000, the five year review of the Education for All Conference
in Amman in 1995 and the World Summit for Social Development at Copenhagen in 1995 where
Governments put back the targets concerning gender equality to 2005 and those concerning universal
primary education to 2015,

B. having regard to the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the
Child both of which are legally binding and which commit the world’s governments to providing free
education,

C. having regard to the fact that meeting the international development targets on education is a prere-
quisite for meeting other targets on health and for halving the number of people living in poverty by
2015,