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C 235 E/130 Official Journal of the European Communities EN 21.8.


Greek fishermen and to grant them also exclusive fishing rights within a zone of 12 nautical miles, or
24 nautical miles, if Parliament’s resolution contained in report A4-0018/1999 (1), is adopted, which calls
for the establishment of a 24-mile economic exclusion zone for fishing?

(1) OJ C 153, 1.6.1999.

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission

(16 February 2001)

Under customary international law, as codified by Article 3 of the United Nations Convention on the Law
of the Sea (Unclos), every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not
exceeding 12 nautical miles measured from baselines determined in accordance with the Convention. The
rule applies unchanged to Member States, since they have not transferred their sovereignty in this matter
to the Community. The Community is therefore not empowered to take action regarding the breadth of
territorial sea adopted by a Member State or regarding the consequences arising from the fact that
a Member State has decided not to change the breadth of its territorial sea.

(2001/C 235 E/136) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0151/01

by Konstantinos Hatzidakis (PPE-DE) to the Commission

(31 January 2001)

Subject: Economy class syndrome

The so-called ‘economy class syndrome’ hit the headlines recently when a young British woman died in
a London airport immediately after her flight from Sidney. According to medical studies that have been
published, at least 25 people have died over the last eight years as a result of this syndrome, which is
observed after long-haul air journeys. The causes of these deaths can in most cases be traced to the
formation of blood clots, which are believed to be caused by long periods of immobility. The UK
Government has already issued instructions to the airlines obliging them to warn passengers of the danger
of the formation of blood clots.

What information does the Commission have on this subject and what does it intend to do prevent similar
events occurring in the future?

(2001/C 235 E/137) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0155/01

by Ioannis Souladakis (PSE) and Dagmar Roth-Behrendt (PSE) to the Commission

(31 January 2001)

Subject: Air quality on board certain types of aircraft

According to press reports (International Herald Tribune of Friday, 27 October 2000), complaints from
flight attendants and passengers about feeling ill on Boeing 777 aircraft have led to investigations being
undertaken by United Airlines and British Airways into the air quality on board that type of aircraft. The
Boeing 777 can fly at an altitude of 12 400 metres, higher than any other type of aircraft, and that can
result in less oxygen being available and in variations in the aircraft’s air-conditioning system leading to
some sections of the aircraft being hotter than others and to some passengers feeling sick during the flight.
Complaints relate to shortness of breath, nosebleeds, headaches and itchy throats. Some passengers have
even fainted at the end of the flight.