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C 261 E/50 Official Journal of the European Communities EN 18.9.


For the effects of the merger on certain transatlantic markets or on the ‘Star Alliance’, see paragraphs 35-
73 of the decision.

By contrast, TWA’s acquisition by American Airlines was not notified to the Commission since the
turnover thresholds specified in the Regulation were apparently not exceeded.

3. To date, the Commission has not been informed of any developments of this kind among European

(1) OJ L 395, 30.12.1989; the Regulation was amended by Council Regulation (EC) No 1310/97 of 30 June 1997 (OJ
L 180, 9.7.1997).

(2001/C 261 E/053) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0157/01

by Jorge Hernández Mollar (PPE-DE) to the Council

(1 February 2001)

Subject: European social statute for housewives

In reply to Written Question E-2175/00 (1) the Commission drew attention to the fact that back in 1987 it
submitted a proposal for a directive under which the gender equality principle would apply to statutory
and occupational social security schemes.

The directive in question made provision for the individualisation of social security rights, which would
extend to housewives, as an alternative to derived rights. Unfortunately the directive was not approved by
the Council, despite the favourable opinions thereon of Parliament and the Economic and Social

Given that it has been some time since the Council rejected the aforementioned proposal, and that a
changed climate now surrounds the new strategy to modernise and improve social protection in Europe,
does the Council believe that it ought to rethink its previous stance and accommodate the legitimate
aspiration of housewives to enjoy equal status with the remainder of the population in general social
protection schemes?

(1) OJ C 72 E, 6.3.2001, p. 184.


(30 May 2001)

As the Honourable Member rightly says, the Commission back in 1987 presented a proposal for a Council
Directive completing the implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women in
statutory and occupational social security schemes. The Council suspended its work on the matter in 1989.

The fact is that the proposal was based in part on Article 235 of the Treaty (new Article 308), so
unanimity was required for its adoption. Several delegations had maintained reservations of principle on
the proposal particularly in view of its financial implications.

On a general point, the Honourable Member is informed that while the coordination of social security
schemes to safeguard the rights of migrant workers is indeed a matter for the Community, the structure
and organisation of such schemes are a matter solely of individual Member State responsibility.