DE ORES D INDICA S LÍDERES 100 ÍA ONOM LAS EC EL MUNDO EN

2005

OECD Factbook
Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics
Population and migration Macroeconomic trends Economic globalisation Prices Labour market Science and technology

Incluye acceso a todos Environment los cuadros y gráficos en formato ExcelMR Education
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Focus on: Energy

org/publications/factbook .oecd.Índice del contenido Población y migración TENDENCIAS DEMOGRÁFICAS Evolución de la población Sociedades con población en edad avanzada Población extranjera Tendencias en migración Precios PRECIOS DE LA PRODUCCIÓN Y PRECIOS AL CONSUMO MIGRACIÓN INTERNACIONAL Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC) Índice de Precios a los Productores (IPP) PODER ADQUISITIVO Y COMPETITIVIDAD Tasas de interés a largo plazo Empleo de medio tiempo Auto empleo Tendencias macroeconómicas PRODUCTO INTERNO BRUTO (PIB) Tamaño del PIB Valor agregado por actividad Mercado laboral EMPLEO Índices de las tasas de empleo por género Índices de las tasas de empleo por grupo de edad Empleo de medio tiempo Autoempleo Tasas de desempleo estandarizadas Desempleo a largo plazo CRECIMIENTO ECONÓMICO Evolución del PIB Evolución del valor agregado por actividad Ahorro doméstico Productividad laboral Multi-factor de la productividad PRODUCTIVIDAD DESEMPLEO MERCANCÍAS: PRODUCCIÓN Y ABASTECIMIENTO Abastecimiento de energía Generación de electricidad Producción de acero Pesca Ciencia y tecnología INVESTIGACIÓN Y DESARROLLO (IyD) Gasto en investigación y en desarrollo Inversión en el conocimiento Investigadores Patentes Globalización económica COMERCIO Participación del comercio en el PIB Comercio de mercancías Comercio de servicios Socios comerciales Balanza de pagos Flujos de IED y acciones IED y empleo TECNOLOGÍAS DE LA INFORMACIÓN Y DE LAS COMUNICACIONES (TIC) Tamaño del sector TIC Inversión en TIC Acceso a las computadoras y a Internet en hogares y privado Exportaciones de alta tecnología INVERSIÓN EXTERNA DIRECTA (IED) Páginas de muestra e información de pedidos en: www.

org/publications/factbook .oecd. AGUA Y TIERRA Emisiones de dióxido de carbono (CO2) Consumo de agua Residuos a nivel municipal Utilización de nutrientes para la agricultura Suministro de energía y crecimiento económico Suministro de energía per capita Energía renovable Calidad de vida SALUD Esperanza de vida Mortalidad infantil Obesidad Gasto público y privado en salud USO DE LA ENERGÍA TRABAJO Y TIEMPO LIBRE Horas reales trabajadas Turismo: noches de ocupación en los hoteles CRIMEN Población en las prisiones Índices de víctimas Educación RESULTADOS Evaluación internacional de los estudiantes Escolaridad del nivel superior Gasto por nivel educativo Gasto público y privado en educación TRANSPORTE Accidentes en carreteras Transportes terrestres para pasajeros GASTO EN EDUCACIÓN Incluye acceso a todos los cuadros y gráficos en formato ExcelMR Políticas públicas DÉFICITS GUBERNAMENTALES Y DEUDA Déficits gubernamentales Deuda del gobierno ÉNFASIS EN: Energía Suministro mundial de energía Suministro regional de energía Producción regional de petróleo Producción regional de gas Producción regional de carbón Crecimiento anual de suministros renovables Generación de electricidad mundial Consumo final por sector Indicadores seleccionados de la energía mundial Precios del petróleo crudo AIE presupuestos gubernamentales para la IyD de la energía Aumento de la producción de energía mundial y del consumo Panorama mundial de la demanda de energía primaria Panorama regional de la demanda primaria Dependencia global de la importación del petróleo Panorama de las emisiones de CO2 GASTO PÚBLICO Y ASISTENCIA Gasto social Gasto en salud Asistencia oficial para el desarrollo APOYO PARA LA AGRICULTURA Y LA PESCA Estimados del apoyo a la agricultura Apoyo del gobierno a la pesca IMPUESTOS Ingresos totales de impuestos Impuestos al producto del trabajador promedio DESIGUALDAD REGIONAL PIB regional Desempleo regional Páginas de muestra e información de pedidos en: www.ES DE CADOR DI ERES 100 IN ÍAS LÍD ONOM LAS EC EL MUNDO EN Medio ambiente AIRE.

Finland. Paris. All these countries will. but for some countries they are based on Eurostat and UN projections. No. Ageing. dependency ratios are forecast to rise particularly sharply in the Czech Republic. Información adicional OECD (2001).oecd. Korea and Turkey. Paris. OECD (2004). France. Paris. however. “Coping with Ageing: A Dynamic Approach to Quantify the Impact of Alternative Policy Options on Future Labour y Futu Supply in OECD Countries”. Paris. OECD. future trends. i. OECD. experience significant ageing up to 2020.e. OECD. OECD Employment Outlook. Portugal and Spain. OECD (2000). 1997/4. This means that for each elderly person there will be only two persons in the labour force. • Statistical publications OECD (2004). Comparability Further information •Analytical publications Burniaux. Housing and Urban Development. OECD. Long-term trends The youngest populations (low shares of population aged 65 or over) are either in countries with high birth rates such as Mexico.-M. OECD (2004). Iceland. more generally. OECD (2004). United Nations. so there is good se comparan los compar comparability between countries. indicadores nacionales? population projections require assumptions about All futur future trends in life expectancy. SourceOECD Employment and Labour Markets. Ageing and Income: Financial Resources and sobre Retirement in Nine OECD Countries. such as Australia. OECD. Labour Force Statistics. • Methodological publications OECD (1997).Cada indicador es presentado POPULATION AND MIGRATION • DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS MIGRA AGEING SOCIETIES Introducción al indicador Definición de lo que está descrito y medido The percentage of the population that is 65 years or ears older is rising in all OECD countries and is expected to continue doing so.el tema ment OECD (2001). a range of projections are produced using different assumptions about these Fuentes en dónde encontrar todas las bases de datos completas Sources OECD (2004). Duval and F. Paris. Jaumotte (2003). Paris. OECD (2003). The labour force projections start from the population projections described above but then require additional assumptions about the future propensities of men and women in different age groups to seek paid employment. Over the period from 2000 to 2020. Japan. For the projections shown here. Ageing and Transport: Mobility Needs and ansport: Safety Issues. “Sources and Methods – Labour and Wage Statistics”. Italy and Japan by 2020. OECD. Eurostat. Vol. OECD. Quarterly Labour Force Statistics. for economic growth and welfare. Turkey and Ireland.org/publications/factbook . Reforms for an Ageing Society. Canada and New Zealand. pr particular care has been taken in modelling future trends in the labour force participation of women and ends w of elderly persons. ariant Definition Populations are defined as the de facto.. population. series. Paris. The dependency ratio (right panel of the table) is projected to exceed 50% in Hungary. Iceland and Turkey or in countries with high immigration. Population projections are taken from national sources where these are available. www. Paris. • Online databases SourceOECD Main Economic Indicators. Paris. OECD. Main Economic Indicators. OECD. working_papers. OECD. J. 371. Ageing and Employment Policies. OECD. fertility rates and net immigration. The estimates shown here correspond to the medium or central variant. Almost all OECD countries now follow the ILO Guidelines ¿Qué tan bien for defining the labour force. Contexto global historia y pronósticos 14 OECD FACTBOOK 2005 – ISBN 92-64-01869-7 – © OECD 2005 Páginas de muestra e información de pedidos en: www. R. Dependency ratios – the ratios of the number of persons 65 or older to the numbers in the labour force – are also increasing throughout OECD countries. OECD Economics Department Working Paper. The lowest dependency ratios – under 30% – are projected for Mexico. The labour force is defined according to the ILO Guidelines and consists of those in employment plus persons who are available for work and who are actively seeking employment. Often. Main Economic Indicators. As with the population projections y pr a range of estimates has been made for the labour force in each country and the medium or central h countr variant is used here.oecd. national sources and OECD estimates. the resident. growth of dependency ratios will be lowest in Greece. Ireland. Paris.org/eco/ . These trends have a number of implications for government and private spending on pensions and health care and. Paris.

6 5.7 36.7 24.5 20.7 42.7 27.8 26.5 18.7 20..3 13.0 .8 18.6 16.1 14.oecd.7 21.8 39.0 20.5 41.2 41.7 31.6 15.6 14.4 43.2 43.3 15.7 47.8 14.4 39.4 15.0 27.7 15.0 48.4 14.7 11.1 15.6 4.2 14.2 15.7 17.9 23.7 19.8 .9 11.2 4.4 24.2 14.2 25.1 51.8 12.8 29.2 55.6 24.5 13.4 27.7 21.0 23.3 35.9 15.0 17.5 12.4 7.2 16.9 23.5 14.9 18.4 34.2 39.4 14.7 4.5 35.7 34.4 20.0 35.3 35.1 38.2 35.6 21.2 26.2 20.3 18.2 18.8 13..9 30.7 55.5 39.8 15.4 2000 12.en dos páginas E RES D ICADO D RES 100 IN S LÍDE NOMÍA AS ECO L MUNDO L EN E AGEING SOCIETIES POPULATION AND MIGRATION • DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS Population aged 65 and over Ratio to the total population Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States EU15 OECD total 1990 11.7 16..1 41.1 17.7 13.4 12.9 16.6 más reciente 28.5 24.0 37.5 33.7 12.3 16.3 5.7 20.9 16.9 14. .7 6.1 16.4 41.9 .9 19.8 15.7 33.6 36.4 34.7 39.1 16.9 5.1 21.9 13.4 52.4 14.7 43.4 44.3 19.1 11.3 12.1 39.2 14.1 2005 12.1 30.4 10.9 14.4 31.1 32.8 40.4 16.0 40.7 25.4 18.6 31.3 24.3 17.5 47.8 13.5 15.6 37.3 31.8 36.4 18.3 13.6 46.org/10.0 18.1 14.9 39.4 16.org/10.1787/866653733053 15 Páginas de muestra e información de pedidos en: www.0 16.9 15.5 30..5 14.7 12.7 12.7 34.3 19.5 29.3 32.7 20.2 11.4 25.8 44.4 18.0 12.6 .6 1995 11.3 28.3 15.4 16.8 17.2 43.3 12.5 34.9 36.7 5.9 31.3 13.6 36.3 26.2 18.8 15.2 28.1 31.1787/514333204602 Ratio of the population aged 65 and over to the labour force Percentage 2000 60 2020 50 40 30 20 Utiliza nuestro StatLinks para bajar la información de las bases de datos en ExcelMR 10 0 ex ic Ic o ela n Tu d rk ey Un Ire l Sl ited and ov ak Stat Re es pu b No lic rw P ay Ne ortu w g Ze al Sw ala itz nd er lan Ca d na da Ko Au rea Ne stra th lia er O lan Un EC ds ite D t d ot Ki al ng d De om nm ar Po k lan d Sp ai Au n Lu xe stri m a bo u Cz Ge rg ec rm h Eu Re any ro pu pe an blic Un i Be on lg iu m Gr ee Sw ce ed e Fin n la Hu nd ng ar Fr y an ce Ita ly Ja pa n M OECD FACTBOOK 2005 – ISBN 92-64-01869-7 – © OECD 2005 CTBOOK Las gráficas muestran los principales mensajes en una ojeada StatLink: http://dx.1 39.7 2000 24.1 13.4 15.6 11.9 15.5 31.3 StatLink: http://dx.7 16.8 29.2 28.4 32.6 17.9 16.2 15.2 24.7 33.4 4.2 16.6 15.7 12.1 .1 13.8 17.3 Cuadros 48.0 14.7 11.1 23.3 15.2 19.7 38.2 14.2 41.2 con la información 49.8 14.2 13.7 1990 22.8 14.6 11.2 18.9 14.9 16.7 26.0 12.0 33.2 15.0 6.3 43.1 47.0 14.4 19.0 22.4 19.1 20.2 6.doi..0 33.9 28.9 43.8 36.4 21.6 13.2 15.2 24.1 29.6 23.7 22.1 18.9 19.9 39.5 15. 30..1 44.1 22.1 20.2 34.2 15.4 17.3 17..0 38.8 32.5 20.9 7.5 34.2 38.6 27.2 12.6 22.1 24.9 19.3 14.9 16.1 13.8 25.1 .0 32.8 15.8 17.3 11.6 44.8 45.7 38.3 26.4 32.8 .3 35. .8 18.6 11.1 27.5 13.7 32.4 27.0 20.2 38.5 26.7 18.4 17.9 17.5 11.9 37.6 19.0 33.9 11.2 17.7 17.0 2015 31.3 28.7 19.2 30.5 completos 44.9 15.8 17.8 31.3 10.0 13.2 28. 27.7 31.5 26.3 15.6 23.6 17.1 17.5 28.8 11. 28.9 14.0 45.9 11.8 32.7 35.5 33.0 43.6 33.3 10.6 16.5 7.9 15.4 20.5 14.8 12.4 19.9 5..7 Ratio to the total labour force 2005 25.8 23.0 11.3 17.1 26.9 17.org/publications/factbook .5 13. 11.7 2015 16.4 15.doi.6 14.4 28.7 15. 38.1 11.9 12. 1995 24.8 35.2 11.7 20.1 38.6 17.1 23.7 29.8 18.5 16.6 31.3 13. 33.6 18.0 32..1 12. 27..5 27.6 12.3 13.0 13.3 35.9 23.1 27.9 16.4 30.5 23.9 13.7 26.6 23.2 37.7 36.3 29.9 23.3 37.4 16.7 26.6 11.6 10.5 34.9 12.6 12.5 39.1 27.8 2010 14.1 16.0 12.2 .6 36.1 22.2 13.3 36.7 27.3 4.4 11.1 38.8 15.5 15.1 14.5 10.0 2010 27.1 5.2 14.8 18.9 9.5 31.5 2020 36.2 33.8 14.2 2020 18.4 28.4 35.0 28.0 35.1 50.7 31.1 17.6 18.4 29.2 17.

government: See Government deficits as % of GDP Dependency ratio: See Population 65+ as % of population and dependency ratios Destination of merchandise trade Development assistance: See Official development assistance as % of GDP Direction of aid flows Distribution of household incomes E Economic cycles (measured from CLI data) Education expenditure Education. government: See Government debt as % of GDP Deficit. tertiary: See Percent of population that has completed tertiary education Education: See Expenditure on education by level Electricity production Emission of all greenhouse gases Emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) H Health expenditure Health expenditure: See Public and private health expenditure High technology exports Hotel nights:international tourists Hours worked: See Actual hours worked per year per person in employment Household incomes: See Distribution of household incomes Household saving rates Páginas de muestra e información de pedidos en: www.oecd.Índice analítico A Actual hours worked per year per person in employment Agriculture. producer support: See Producer support estimates for agriculture Agriculture: See Growth of value added in three sectors: Agriculture Aid: See Direction of aid flows Annual real growth of GDP Aquaculture: See Fish landings and aquaculture Assistance.org/publications/factbook . emission: See Carbon dioxide (CO²). development: See Official development assistance as % of GDP Employment in affiliates under foreign control Employment rates: ages 15-24 Employment rates: ages 25-54 Employment rates: men Employment rates: See Part-time employment rates Employment rates: total Employment rates: women Energy supply: See Total primary energy supply (TPES) Energy supply: See Total primary energy supply per $ of GDP (using PPPs) Energy supply: See Total primary energy supply per capita Energy: See Contribution of renewables to total primary energy supply Exchange rates: See Indicators of international competitivity: Effective exchange rates Expenditure on education by level Exports of services: See Trade in services: Service exports Exports: See Merchandise trade: Merchandise exports in $ B Balance of payments: See Current account balance of payments Birth rates Broadband access: See ICT/Broadband access by households F Fertility: See Birth rates Fish landings and aquaculture Fishing. emission: See Emission of all greenhouse gases Gross domestic expenditure on R&D Gross fixed capital formation as % of GDP Growth of value added in three sectors: Agriculture Growth of value added in three sectors: Industry Growth of value added in three sectors: Services D Debt. government transfers: See Government transfers for fishing Fixed capital formation: See Gross fixed capital formation as % of GDP Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Cumulated FDI 1994-2000 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): FDI inflows Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): FDI outflows Foreigners. foreign born: See Share of foreigners/foreign born as % of population C Carbon dioxide (CO²). victims: See Victimisation rates Current account balance of payments G GDP: See Annual real growth of GDP GDP: See Per capita GDP in PPPs GDP: See Regional disparities in per capita GDP GDP: See Total GDP in PPPs GDP: See Volume index of per capita GDP. emission Child mortality: See Infant mortality Communications: See Investment in Information and Communications Technology Competivity: See Indicators of international competitivity Consumer Price Indices: All items Consumer Price Indices: Energy Consumer Price Indices: Food Consumer Price indices: See Indicators of international competitivity: Relative Consumer Price Indices Contribution of renewables to total primary energy supply Crime.OECD=100 Government debt as % of GDP Government deficits as % of GDP Government transfers for fishing Greenhouse gases.

I ICT Sector: See Size of the ICT sector ICT/Broadband access by households Immigration: See Net immigration O Obesity Imports of services: See Trade in services: Service imports Income: See Distribution of household incomes Imports: See Merchandise trade: Merchandise imports in $ Indicators of international competitivity: Effective exchange rates Indicators of international competitivity: Relative Consumer Price Indices Indicators of international competitivity: Unit labour costs Industry: See Growth of value added in three sectors: Industry Infant mortality Information and Communications Technology: See Investment in Information and Communications Technology Interest rates: See Long term interest rates DE DORES CA 0 INDI ÍAS LÍDERES 10 M ECONO UNDO LAS M EN EL Origin of merchandise trade Official development assistance as % of GDP P Participation rates:men Participation rates:total Participation rates:women Patents Part-time employment rates Per capita GDP in PPPs Percent of population that has completed tertiary education: Percent aged 25-35 Percent of population that has completed tertiary education: Percent aged 25-64 Percent of population that has completed tertiary education: Percent aged 55-64 PISA: See Maths.oecd. foreign: See Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): FDI inflows Investment. literacy and science scores from PISA Self employment rates: men Self employment rates: total Self employment rates: women Services. exports of: See Trade in services: Service exports Services.org/publications/factbook . foreign: See Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Cumulated FDI 1994-2000 Investment. trade balance: See Trade in services: Service balance N Net immigration Number of researchers Nutrient use in agriculture Páginas de muestra e información de pedidos en: www. foreign: See Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): FDI outflows K Knowledge: See Investment in knowledge L Labour costs: See Indicators of international competitivity: Unit labour costs Labour productivity growth in the business sector Labour productivity growth in the total economy Life expectancy: men Life expectancy: total Life expectancy: women Literacy: See Maths. literacy and science scores from PISA Population 65+ as % of population and dependency ratios Population growth rates Population: See Total population PPP: See Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) Price indices: See Producer Price Indices Prices: See Consumer Price Indices: All items Prices: See Consumer Price Indices: Energy Prices: See Consumer Price Indices: Food Prison population Producer Price Indices Producer support estimates for agriculture Productivity: See Labour productivity growth Productivity: See Multi-factor productivity Public and private health expenditure Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs): Exchange rates Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs): Indices of price levels Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs): PPPs Investment in Information and Communications Technology Investment in knowledge Investment. literacy and science scores from PISA Long term interest rates Long term unemployment as % of total unemployment R R&D: See Gross domestic expenditure on R&D Regional disparities in per capita GDP Regional disparities in unemployment Renewables: See Contribution of renewables to total primary energy supply Researchers: See Number of researchers Road deaths per million inhabitants Road deaths per million vehicles M Maths. literacy and science scores from PISA Merchandise trade: Merchandise balance in $ Merchandise trade: Merchandise exports in $ Merchandise trade: Merchandise imports in $ Mortality: See Infant mortality Multi-factor productivity Municipal waste S Savings: See Household saving rates Science scores: See Maths. imports of: See Trade in services: Service imports Services.

Piso. DF 11560 Tel. México.ocdemexico. Presidente Masaryk 526. Se abarcan los siguientes temas: Economía. y una lista de los documentos disponibles en donde se proporciona información adicional sobre el indicador.org www.org Páginas de muestra e información de pedidos en: www. industria. e Investigación y desarrollo.org/publications/factbook .org mexico. La página de la derecha contiene los cuadros estadísticos que cuentan a su vez con Statlinks a gráficos que se ponen a disposición –en un vistazo– con los principales mensajes proporcionados por la información.Services. U Unemployment: See Long term unemployment as % of total unemployment Unemployment: See Regional disparities in unemployment Unemployment: See Standardised unemployment rates: men Unemployment: See Standardised unemployment rates: total Unemployment: See Standardised unemployment rates: women Unit labour costs: See Indicators of international competitivity: Unit labour costs La información que se proporciona es de todos los países miembros de la OCDE. W Waste: See Municipal waste Water consumption per capita Centro de la OCDE en México para América Latina Av. Polanco. trade: See Trade in goods and services as % of GDP Services: See Growth of value added in three sectors: Services Share of foreigners/foreign born as % of population Size of the ICT sector Social expenditure Standardised unemployment rates: men Standardised unemployment rates: total Standardised unemployment rates: women Steel production OECD Factbook Se convertirá en una herramienta clave de referencias para cualquiera que este involucrado en asuntos económicos y políticos El Almanaque OCDE 2005 es la primera edición de las nuevas estadísticas anuales de la OCDE. 1er.org www. Las series cronológicas que se proporcionan son variables de acuerdo con la naturaleza del indicador. Energía. pero en la mayoría de los casos abarcan la información a partir de 1990 en adelante y en muchos casos incluye información de años seleccionados cubriendo hasta 1960. Educación. Asistencia externa. también de países no miembros seleccionados. una evaluación de las tendencias a largo plazo relacionadas con el indicador.oecd.: (52-55) 9138 6233 Fax (52-55) 5280 0480 Correos electrónicos: mexico. Fuerza laboral.oecd. La página de la izquierda incluye la información en texto e incluye una introducción corta seguida por una definición detallada del indicador. existen dos hojas.OECD=100 Para cada indicador. V Value added in six industries as % of GDP: Part 1 Value added in six industries as % of GDP: Part 2 Value added in six industries as % of GDP: Part 3 Value added per employee in three sectors: Agriculture Value added per employee in three sectors: Industry Value added per employee in three sectors: Services Value added: See Growth of value added Victimisation rates Volume index of per capita GDP. Información y comunicaciones. Medio ambiente. Salud y calidad de vida. Agricultura.sales@oecd.contac@oecd. Para algunos indicadores existen cuadros suplementarios. Esta publicación proporciona más de 100 indicadores que cubren por completo las áreas de políticas que son abordadas por la OCDE –por primera vez– proporcionan se vínculos Statlinks para cada cuadro T Taxes on average production worker Taxes: Income taxes as % of GDP Taxes: Product taxes as % of GDP Taxes: Total taxes as % of GDP Total GDP in PPPs Total population Total primary energy supply (TPES) Total primary energy supply per $ of GDP (using PPPs) Total primary energy supply per capita Tourists: See Hotel nights:international tourists Trade in goods and services as % of GDP Trade in services: Service balance in $ Trade in services: Service exports in $ Trade in services: Service imports in $ Trade: See Destination of merchandise trade Trade: See Merchandise trade Trade: See Origin of merchandise trade estadístico que conducen al usuario a una página Web en donde se encuentran disponibles la información y los gráficos en formato Excel.sourceoecd. las cuales se presentan de manera clara y dinámica. comentarios sobre la comparabilidad de los datos. y en algunos casos. Gasto público y deuda.mx http://new. Col.org. Comercio e inversión. Fiscal. Población.

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