You are on page 1of 23
- rs General Organic “Chemisting 150 : ee Ql Plecthomenic effect is :- fa) portot and temporary trans = ck vase mn il aL x ae pom ont ato to other © Partiak and permanmt hompen +» (DH Gomplett and = permanent = tromsjen yx Lohidh A the apeaing na eevenly , (ayn oO oy bane ts a a nuclroprile alc, (Cay acs Stan nucleophile i a stony bare always ©) oa wenk nucteophile & 4a sheng bane abuocys. [egeMione there - wid 9, te fotlowing is Connect 2 @ Rarict is a thonmo chynarnic phemouee com (Oy antcity & 4 kineHe phenemenon © Nucteopral eal & a tharmodynamic “ " es KineHe » Aig cn, ant et wane Ercan | @& Canbenium ion 3 wD Conbenium tom «& Conbonium fon ach) Carbenium im carbonium ton and carbenium ion cumulated anc isolated cUlene, the Conjugated cldone stot |e QO Lsctoted cling eae senna Oe equally qrcepters 278 (oy Pek: selvents (by Apr’ setvents (ey Ampniprbte: dents None a, there eee oC n sHha go> phane, the orden Ly bavicity Rg . @> secondary» primary tetany — &) Serger rab oO Bip le oe 2° Ge oe 3 al 3 4 (ike 2 SEY SS mechanism, =the abital 9 —he oppradking nue.” overlaps @y Righert occupied Bonaiy orbital = Aubsirate (By Aight unoccupied — antibendi orbital 9 Aubswatte fe) Bewert eccupted bonding orbital 9 Aubshale (ay ower unoccupied anti bmeting orbital a >ubsirall Rip blane = 2) mdlecute is same ar nodal plane fir > “ce Cloud 4 CH, = CH —tH = CH, CH= C—c=CcH Spec en clotvaed) v4 Hae Ot —CH=CH, 4 chou @ o-e& Cloud 4 Chec— CECH (Cy es plo. in and (ope te : coe 1 solution , the acictity QP CHO, Meth, oH , Me, CHOH Me,coH 46 4 HOH 7 CHOU > MecHOH > Me, CoH eect Me 2 MecH oH 7 Ne, CoH > CH ao > Ne LOH > Me, (HOH > Me,coH Sp Me, CoH > Me, CHOR 7 Meth, OH 2 CH,OH a ol tm am © 1) tonite @® ne ga phane athe acleliy aden Q toot quertion Remains same gets reversed preoliedeal Nme wtrere @ © © (@ QB: (a> © al. @ > > © Pi ee cme eR, Ge CHR OD Martel a apeeetceeCH Ree eae ice or seen eae ok In toutmerise = ee peien fo eed ancund the molecule chy |e eae meet oagund the molecule BRE mie aetual muvemer] occurs @ Spey cluuble bond occurs ee ducts ciiects | thayagneuh Seg a GPs Pe nut one @ +t a at +1 (bs atu el Tae t Ci st ale okt ened ng ta Ue -1 +l fs eprrect 7 4 he pulosing Resonane invelves in hy bvichized onbitals Resonance — invelver only Aone pars Resonone — invotuer only eae p oybitaly or teno pairs Resonance involves alk Hyder (CoH) grup ho =m etedt Oe ee ee Mt etied epee et Ce) elect a the chaye 4 system & spread out. ten spiem becom aqme stable by 4x stable cloewt get aljecteo! @) Nome 4 tor Semetareci™® oder Ny Induetive eeesaay am”: Cy 4 ees SSR caGis oe pyres ces = cae, CUR SH CRy 7 CHR, 2 HAR POs 7 oa ex which the ollowwi Compound» . ~ kelo- enct — tautomerism 2 “I ne ee @D 9 t u by ii pas en een pacecccg: 3 | Cy Gt, ° © a: Hm & pmlc solve He relation ship bjuo banicity anof muvieopriliity ts foo ohivect (G) Fecticeet Inverse > cant be predicted @) Sth @ # ob) dapencting on size av. aime pg se RDS a an Sy? reaction us @ adtack Ry Ae prxUO imeatcrrnee tee a ” displaament 4 eee R-% © formation 8) CankotoHom @® Nime 4 thong Qa. te funcion 4 a nuci fs a @ uD absirat — pete > spew up te reachion eee tees the ot otha than oto “eS ea tens = In dur for reagent 40 Peheye aRma uel a ee posse eon pveradk tve change Sean NSEC ml ao © @ es >. ar SEs Consicter aha following a 3s eS Hs ronan suse yencoins liberi clescniber, tha peer Constant K a ths Be ds. 2 ek <1 (Cpe) i k= | > K cant ce Be oe) petting tag ben ly tH he cadised from. jils porte aml baric nature meter is oat pu pita o = = alae 5 eg i. C2 (> he @ x @> etme Iv > > mee ea > & 7 oo. fin eh ar Peres Stew Hee fatlnucing Aa» Aighest baat Me a Me @>y ) Me (6) 1 Me Me—N: Me N. Me Me 1 ayy ine M =e \e 5 (a) Has MeN (el i ss Me Ow WE He ieee Stieber is emest conbibutiny 2 ) i by ° Ba: Nie CS Roth cmbitule egually (> Both ane eon ad. Nitamin C hon the sper ies Sturt =, whith -oH ~ eenteins she most acidic prin ew 2 (opt Oe 2 Ran (yh Q30- whith anion ts met stable 2 & “the nucleo prilici Her eR and —Hy0 one oy the ) HD, Roe, eor @ H,0 > eon > Rew 7 RO? HO” RSH Saale anacs Mths Sido “4 R65 Ro PRO (Ngee UE Ose cae ac Fe Ok CRON ~~ Ruy > ROH YH,D he orcttn Qh teaving | grup for Aotiolen is Cis See. eta Cl eee oz 7 AS Ce See ee (Ostet: earl ee Solvotysis means @>) . solvent molecule ots uc! solvent molecule ack: a> elzehopriile sdvent molecule atts a» Cotolyt solvent melecula is acloled to reactant Pedy ot cicth fh) ital, i 2 Sp > spt 2 sp> 2% (oy eeisp oa sp? Cr ge cpueecs SP The Boyer conjugation ts mare in CH, CH, — CH=CH, @) Cee tee © @,c-m=H, &? cH CH = CH, ieee crite roasts, 1) ON Ge aire ee Peopecevely {o> Pyramictads planer (b> bath Planar tw gon pyrarmolad (@) plone, pyrarvelal ae slebiltty —orclen fpr racdieals all 2 Poy vingk 1) alkymyf fs yt. 3 pect BPI 7 vinyl x attynyd aly >Re pl Ving alkynyl Beg 2 aarti cy 2° oz!" > vingt ably % clbynyl ss BZ 2 ZI > ving! Boyes stebilizing om anion oy colton will stabilize radical. This staterent ts ee GS elo cant a (a) Riga ms ReatHion 6, Cy with 1g of Fy clvennit proceed by poee radical mechanism becauune (a) ‘ocline is Sarge while (Bd Ream with Ty 8 strongly endlothac # woith Kepe Repet —lotth L's shongly exothermic * with Eo ts (a) None a cthese fluorine & smath in size Fp Is exothermic endothe ou: inet terse: ine mmuypeting (ooo) —Ph, -CHy -H as (Ope hes ct a =i (Op tha ts PS Ph Mee ph we oH, WH > py Weaic H Maereil sy We ee Ee Peace. @ ez Hoe CH > uceeHt 7ubLo > Riga ea Cacti C2 UGHs ee er owes and yc, 17 arclen > NH, 7 CHa Hs mace ct NH, yo HCEtH 2 CH, Cy best deaving group i's (> “OH (ay Br iy ike eachicg) ng product obieined is one Br [gy a es 40) ims ytceciicg “yee 2 uo) “ “2 wu ; h wy sp? (a> Noe en” Spe Sie He catoby ied Aycinaten 9, 97 etbene: ieee ee cos ee 6c On i Hs ==> ee @> + Hye Cig Oty Uns \ cu—c® | alte oH ot Hot ary ‘iol Which sisfoae te? es ed orclen § nuclesbhilicty > fd RN: 7 RP fen RPS oe RNG ic Ra eR le per fe) “all a, abwe our. The Cen rmdleeule har @> 14 pentagow and 1p hexagons (> 1a pentagons and 20 Aawagons © |[D pentagon: and 20 Renagans (> 12 pentagons " le Reragens UE sicmeemtnieh oy the pwing molecules ts the omygen aiom im q_ stete 4 spe Aybricli zation 7 Qo. > He C4 é» oe GY tig 8-H Oso. wuith 4 Hae fptowing orbital overtaps +5 Involved in the eee a, the C—C singhe had in Che c-CtecH, 4 ie Spt = Sp* (b> sp*- Sp? =t> sp- sp? @> sp? -SP ) | St Pais see anHioxomale in mature + e @ eal & eS o& C WN BL tee fotlowing tg mest acidic 2 0 oO aa ! @) EP ES uy : O 0 we lL cH, ur, (4 oO aig CH, @ 0 > Tn he compound go rai ho ee Ce Soe i RO absiraction it| be fartert pon woluch Carbon a ioe ee oy Cree Gy Pp Oot os te oilers «| bers deen repren ent “fenoncmee — sructuren 2 (CPi Chea , cteant feactve is oe is asec —@ UN» re? uCH, (a) cH, gat. citect the Inemared acielity tho ee dua to -cooH and Fr Ge Hyanogen bonding between (b> twisting Met and » clhiunted planarity oli up cieric tindrane = 4, Coon = othe gree Cato group MO due se Eee ere RO GRPOAS (ay Nome J OST We we NBS dn care ollylic bomination and not &, =, ~becaune Ga te povicls ow cence. a, Bromine Gt prvicls gh cone, Broming pe i atts em catolyat (4) None 9, above i z i ; | oss which prttacing peters stuctuas is moi esinrel ? Oye ee é | WB =H, @ = 6-H, : (> Both ane ea steble (A> Both ave eran f ; e59- which ene is more stable 2 ' a1 : fk &S Oh trl @) CH,—¢ —CH, __ Both egeeAet Stable” @) Cant be preclicteal O60. Tha explanation jp ate above quent i's @) Ur, -e-cH, Ms singlet Canbene anol y 2° have opposite spins ancl ons paired in one ombital ) a < =H, ds a tplet canbene and Re Rave came spin faa A ane in Obert exbitaly ri Roth one tic Be SM) Both ane wrong, mo i ean gen in 2 pana cduck fs smnajor MY ® as a Gy Both (@) and (b) ] ‘i : K Be oe ae predict preateminalin oven caylee prawd Co proton > rindred environment» ieee 2 ott Pande, Ueecoban ers poet 2 Regence oe e and sterically mere (ey when in 4y penitien fap we cm ay. ot % Ahne 064. yshich one 4 the fottowsing ences ame OC’ ANS particular quemeby cr conformation buble 4 bane aloo deads to Hofmann pred @> in i required foc RD qe noes onli - pedplan required fm @DS not requiredl particular qeomety | | a ie DS | Bac Miichcne 8 “eo igh tenP yorous elimination oven seube tenor > igh temP yavo uns subsHitutian oven elimina” (cy only etiminaHion clupends on temp affected by temp The reaction ee ie ee 0, aa ¢- oD —_ \ 3 anrat CH © Oricon (e) % he shift nok eccturs is (Qy methyl shift (by Hy dricte shift {c) Pranyt shit (dy No shift occurs 1 | 057. In Hee given. compel » mat ean ont Aebrotonated — hydrogen ts abebledl {2 Ca Gy? oe cae 8 (@) att are easily pes y cloprotmaled GR Whicr ome G mot ariclic Qy Pn- CoH by p-MeO ~ PA—Cove| © Kepeepsot P a CoPr (ay Ph—- SO,H 065. An obkme is mere reackve towards catoly te Ry drogen ation yon olicone becaune @ The Corbon is SP hy brilzed Jn ie G) CHR EPs adsorket earily om catalyst surface Cue to ow out substituents ot Unsoturoted canbons eo arkyne is atidic Tone tee mye None 8) cbpve Fae. Spy reern fake place much mow opmHe sdverts becauac pice oy slightly solvated and Righly reactive rapidly — in polar @) mur ) muer tighly solvated and diyhly reactive io oproHe sqluerts sped up reactor bas they olowt have RIN: (a co ee dy Cone " F, P Conjugated clienes , |, 2- addition predomi - -80 Cand — [,U- addition fredominatry ot Yo bices (4) “Tronsition state fe Lar addition har a owe? energy than Ame kansition stole for ju addon. (BD at -gorc, Kinetics 9 rear. catenninen Ha ceuult tone L,2- addition fatten place bee it is forte > At YOC, Hhrmodynamics contvels the eax anh an equilibium fs set Up ond 1, 4- addlitton . texken place ole to hs dower enangy ? exka stability (@_) In Hinekcatly Ree, es ru Ory establish hone fenten pemed product fe. t-Q2,addilion predeminake - ou. wich one fs cymect occlon Bh adcuky 2 a st @) Pd CHstry yh Pe Rk CPG 7 A C40), ms at Go AL Peo ee CHO), “ AACH,O)s Le Ea (o> ad ce oe > AL CHe%y art > Af CHO); (as News qe tHUNe « 4 ors vouch — statemod- fs cae & “thane is qenoatty cm yepulaion cohen roto than coda . grape on equatorial a Fo te ee Pine olet que o soca ie vy equatorial _ Z Hie let ste> aquaria ines ne eN annals Pee tae @ aniod bonds ant parallel sets envil affect stability ~Whidd “one 9, the pruning is anomasic ee eo: (A) Nlme a, tere ns a | oe CH, Pee StH, doemrit show Ayperconpugation bees i ; FE E @) Ue far two clouble bones «Cc =c) RE capbon is net Sotinaied , ence th Plane is mol pone? tb C, =ty Te) we Carbon fs vot Satundted , Rance ifs plane fs paral § Spe ret cy (a) ol-corben. is spe Ay bridizedl. ous Im Hee reax. Nacn + CH,CH, C7 CH cr es -paiNaikc when DMP is wed Gn solvent enhancer He reactivity a meee” bo @> DMA xes a pretic solvent iropeeye eet: elective” in: solvating (gy DMF is ettectie Pertvsnamecn eacetan: pme vis etteuve solvating only anions Aniens 2 Qnios mene ache sotvents activated towards anyt Pobicer et tohith 4 the gettreeuey o's Asplacement 9, Hodis ., Q es a lie? NOs a O im pom atk Limonene = or the eee Shuekule NSEc 26%D S Pence pret renin fers ren A Limonune & chlorine wath) & ou > @) w) on ee eu At: ee ch a eee i FE ; S ho : ic eulfark fs ad: the rent suitable position C*) fo an elechop hi Li @? cs &) G3 i w © aa (> f l Ls mel 2 oMe 3 on i nb th : Puede coped roving he Soghent olipele mene : ge 6) fp=e a ec |) Dike (1 (4) AION i oO ua Aor he slooest hydro ge tenie. enTaee Q) try HS HO FE Oye FuTre€ ey tO os a oO Sa Se © u ot. oe ee Ho OW required = Aarne ts =r. appropriate reagent @) Nagey Zn (HU LifkHy @r NyHyloe icc nt ES is Jean 4 eb cxdchition Podueh t 4 HBr é By wy 0) &e (© ae (@) £ e< — eo ee af 2 Br Gr \ a ‘oki a the foto compouncl was the Si 2 i material for the = criclatron choton below 2 o KMnady Ho xX a eT r oH i. ° @ CO, j f i o ee Ou ® ous 1 ee ce fea @y om 09). The nloination 4 CHy may proceed according to. one 4 7 the pee toc altematve mechanism Mechanism A: Ch ty > HO cH, Cee Clem cue! 3g! Nechomisrs 82 > : Ch as Cry Sy ERE a Lah H eC, 5 HO eh Choose the = Correct Poi ace (a> Mechanism 8 is prejemed bien nove step Is sporgly exothermic | LG Mechomism Bis preyprned Sees and step is excotharmic (c) Mechanism # @ are equally Aikety (4 > Mechanism A is preferred biem now 4 steps is shongly endothoave OF Arrange tHe fplloveing acids in increaning oreler 9, ean A = _aatonbeny lation ’ cH, t a CHy—CH= tH-CODH cc C00 CHC, COOH CH. CH coott = @ (©) an w? (a) fees | dhe oO q ca (). (yy (i