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Outcomes COP 25

Stop the increase of global temperature below 2°C and make all the efforts to limit this increase
to 1.5°C

Finalizing these rules for article 6 was a key agenda item for COP25. This was not accomplished.
Parties refuse to engage very bad deal on the article 6.

More ambition carbon targets are needed globally

I understand that again, there was not an agreement on article 6 this year. That happened last
year in COP 24 in Katowice in Poland where the same article was left unresolved.

I think the problem here is that is a complex article that I don’t even know if I truly understand.
What I know about it is that article 6 talks about Carbon Markets mechanism for countries to meet
their GHG reductions commitment they have set in their NDCs (National Determined
Contributions). So in very simple way what happened is when a country is struggling to meet their
GHG emissions reductions target what it can do is to buy carbon credits to another country which
exceeds GHG reductions.

an GHG accounting framework for international cooperation in

Article 6 is one of the least accessible and complex concepts of the global
accord. This complexity was a major reason that Article 6 was not agreed
to until the last morning of the Paris negotiations in 2015 and was left
unresolved at the Katowice climate talks last year.

Carbon market

Parties refuse to engage very bad deal on the article 6.

In other words, by paying a price on carbon, states exceeding their NDCs would bear the
costs of global warming.

Finalizing these rules is a key agenda item for COP25.


“holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial
levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.”