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Tuberculosis
Also called: TB, consumption

A potentially serious infectious bacterial disease that mainly affects the


lungs.

Common
More than 1 million cases per year (India)

Partly preventable by vaccine

Treatable by a medical professional

Spreads easily

Requires a medical diagnosis

Lab tests or imaging always required

Medium-term: resolves within months

The bacteria that cause TB are spread when an infected person coughs or
sneezes.
Most people infected with the bacteria that cause tuberculosis don't have
symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they usually include a cough
(sometimes blood-tinged), weight loss, night sweats and fever.
Treatment isn't always required for those without symptoms. Patients with
active symptoms will require a long course of treatment involving multiple
antibiotics.

Ages affected
0-2
3-5
6-13
14-18
19-40
41-60
60+

How it spreads
By airborne respiratory droplets (coughs or sneezes).
By saliva (kissing or shared drinks).

Symptoms

Requires a medical diagnosis


Most people infected with the bacteria that cause tuberculosis don't have
symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they usually include a cough
(sometimes blood-tinged), weight loss, night sweats and fever.

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People may experience:


Pain areas: in the chest
Pain circumstances: can occur while breathing
Cough: can be chronic or with blood
Whole body: chills, fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, malaise, night sweats,
or sweating
Weight: severe unintentional weight loss or weight loss
Also common: loss of muscle, phlegm, shortness of breath, or swollen
lymph nodes

Consult a doctor for medical advice

Note: The information you see describes what usually happens with a medical condition, but
doesn't apply to everyone. This information isn't medical advice, so make sure that you
contact a health care provider if you have a medical problem. If you think you may have a
medical emergency, call your doctor or a emergency number immediately.
Sources: Apollo Hospitals and others. Learn more

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