0 Up votes0 Down votes

0 views68 pagesDec 20, 2019

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF or read online from Scribd

© All Rights Reserved

0 views

© All Rights Reserved

- beam theory of shells.pdf
- Ancient India Rs Sharma
- Finite element method intro
- hand written gate notes
- Cross Section of a Highway
- replacement of aggregate
- Mass Spring Damper
- lec3
- Prestressed Concrete Krishnaraju
- FEM Senthil.pdf
- FEM_Notes
- Dynamics of Structure Chopra 1995
- pressure meter test
- The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck: A Counterintuitive Approach to Living a Good Life
- The Yellow House: A Memoir (2019 National Book Award Winner)
- Shoe Dog: A Memoir by the Creator of Nike
- Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race
- The Little Book of Hygge: Danish Secrets to Happy Living
- Never Split the Difference: Negotiating As If Your Life Depended On It
- Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance

You are on page 1of 68

APPLICABILITY OF BEAM-THEORY IN
THE ANALYSIS OF CYLINDRICAL
SHELLS WITHOUT EDGE BEAMS
A thesis (course no. CE 400 ; Project & thesis) submitted
to the Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh
University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka in partial
fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN
CIVIL ENGINEERING
Khan Mahmud Amanat
4th year Civil
Roll - 77
Session “87-"88
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
BUET, DHAKA, BANGLADESH
APRIL, 1991ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The research-work presented in this paper was
carried out under constant supervision of Dr. Alamgir
Habib, Professor, and Dr. Ahsanul Kabir, Associate
Professor, both of the Dept. of Civil Engineering,
Dhaka, Bangladesh. The author expresses his heartiest
gratitude to them for their invaluable suggestions and
guidence to prepare this thesis in its present form.
The author is grateful to Dr. Jamilur Reza
Choudhury, Director, Computer Center, BUET for giving
permission to use the facilities of the Computer Center.
The author profoundly appreciates the help,
encouragement and cooperation received from his friends
and associates while working on this project.
The authorCylindrical shell roofs are by nature complex
and their exact rigorous analysis requires tedious and
time consuming calculations involving knowledge of
higher mathematics. Engineers usualy avoid such method
of analysis and of seek for an easier and handy method
of calculation. Beam theory of cylindrical shell is such
an easy method but it is a very approximate one and
subjected to severe restrictions. This paper presents an
investigation on the applicability of beam theory. To
widen the range of applicability of beam theory by
applying correction to beam theory results a suggestion
is made thereafter.Chapter 1 : IN’
1.
1.
1.
1.
Chapter 2 : CYL.
2.1
2.2
Chapter 3: THE
3.1
312:
monn te
Chapter 4 : CO!
ct
4
4.
4.
4.
4.5:
7
1
2a
3
4
nt
ae
2:
3
4
RODUCT ION
: General
Types of Cylindrical Shells
: Objective of Study
: Scope of the Study
INDRICAL SHELL PARAMETERS
Introduction
: Shell Parameters
2.1 l/r Ratio
2:2 Semicentral Angle, o¢
2.3 Thickness, t
p9 8909
ORY
: Introduction
Beam theory
-1 Assumptions
:2 Limitations
:3 Beam Analysis
-4 Arch Analysis
2.5 Column Analogy Method
: Schorer Theory
D-K-J Theory
Boundary Conditions
Comments
Seis
a
3.
3
PARATIVE STUDY OF THEORIES
: Introduction
Methodology
: Selection of Stress components
: Discussion of Results
4.4.1 Longitudinal Stress Nx
414.2 Shear Stress Ng
4.4.3 Transverse Normal Stress Ng
4.4.4 Transverse Moment Ng
Comments
Chapter 5 : CORRECTION OF BEAM THEORY RESULTS
5.1
5.2:
Introduction
Correction Procedure
§.2.1 Correction By Using Charts
5.2.2 Correction By Using Equations
Effect of a
page
10
21
contd..page
Chapter 6 : NUMERICAL EXAMPLES 32
6.1 : Introduction
6.2 : Discussion of Examples
6.3 : Comments
Chapter 7 : CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 44
7.1 + Conclusions
7.2 : Recommendations
Bibliography 45
Appendix 1 : Equations for correction.
Appendix 2 : Computer programs1.1
1.3
CHAPTER-1
INTRODUCTION
GENERAL:
The search for structural forms to cover a large area or a
long span without introducing any intermidiate support and
doing so economically using minimum material has long been
a challenge for the engineers. Shell forms of structures
offer great advantages to achieve this goal when the
functional requirements of a plane surface is not
necessary. Among the various shell type structural forms,
cylindrical shell is a most prominent one. Such shell forms
of structure are by nature complex and the exact solution
of different stress components is tedious, time consuming
and requires the application of higher mathematics. A
relatively easy and handy but somewhat approximate method
of analysis may seem advantagous at least for preliminary
design. Such an approximate method has been investigated
and its reliability to predict the cylindrical shell
behaviour has been studied.
TYPES OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS:
There are many types of cylindrical shells. These shells
are normally supported only by transverse diaphragms or
ribs. The straight longitudinal edge being either free or
built monolithically with edge beams. Fig.1.a. shows
several of characteristic types of cylindrical shells and
fig.1.b. shows different components of a cylindrical shell.
Such a shell may be simply supported or continuous over
diaphragms, may be used as single units or as multiple
units or even they may be ribbed.
OBJECTIVE OF STUDY:
Shell type structures economize the use of materials
and attain strength through special forms as opposed to
strength through mass. That is why one needs proper and
reliable analysis of various stress components. The
mathematics of an exact analysis is quite complex andrequires knowledge of higher mathematics. Engineers often
avoid such analytical procedures and seek for an easier and
handy method. The “Beam-arch approximation of cylindrical
shells’ or simply “Beam theory’ is an approximate but
relatively easy procedure for cylindrical shell analysis
But due to its approximate nature, the beam theory is
subjected to severe restrictions and cannot be applied to
all proportions or all types of shells. The objective of
this study is to propose a correction procedure to rectify
the beam theory results to widen its range of applicability
and to increase its reliablity.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY:
As the beam theory is an approximate method, its
results must deviate from that of an exact theory. The
deviation depends on shell geometry. It is found that the
deviation is greatest for the case of single shells having
no edge beams. The study was carried out only for such
type of shell. Thus the correction procedure proposed later
is only applicable for cylindrical shells which is,
a) Simply supported on end traverse.
b) Have no edge beams.
c) Single unit.
From now on the term ‘shell’ will refer above type of shell
unless otherwise mentioned.\
SS
Fig.1.b. Components of a cylindrical shell24
2.2
anand
CHAPTER- 2
CYLINDRICAL SHELL
PARAMETERS
INTRODUCTION:
Since the analysis of cylindrical shells is a bit lengthy
process, it is essential to start with a set of well chosen
dimensions or parameters. Different parameters have
different influence on the behaviour of shell. In order to
make a comparative study of the behaviour of the shell
under exact theory with that under beam theory in a well
organised way, the necessity of the selection of proper
variable parameters as well as the constant dimensions
becomes obvious. Fig.2.a. defines the different shell
dimensions and some of them are discussed in the article
that follows.
SHELL PARAMETERS:
In designing a cylindrical shell, the proper selection of
the l/r ratio, semicentral angle 9, and the thickness t are
very important. These are separately discussed below in
brief.
l/r ratio : The first decision to make at the stage of
planning is the choice between long and short shells.
Because several reasonable assumptions can be made on the
basis of 1/r which greatly simplify the exact or analytical
methods without losing accuracy. As a shell becomes long,
the longitudinal stress distribution approaches very nearly
the linear like that of a beam under flexure. But this is
not true for short shells. Schorer defined a shell to be
long if 1/rom . For such long shells the stress at any
point is influenced by the boundary conditions of both
edges. If the shell is a short one , disturbances emanating
from the further edge can easily be neglected. This is
usually done when D-K-J theory for short shells is used.span of shell
radius of directrix.
semicentral angle.
angular distance of a shell element
from left edge.
thickness of shell, also termed as d.
distance of a shell element from edge.
Fig.2.a. Cylindrical shell dimensions.L Nox
€ @
Fig.2.b. Stresses on a shell element 1) Normal
and shear stress 2) bending and
twisting moments.2.2.2
2.2.3
2.3
2.3.1
Semicentral angle ¢ : The usual practice is to keep
semicentral angle between 30° to 40° . If the angle
exceeds 45° , concreting becomes difficult. Wind load can
be ignored if o, is less than 40° . Between limits of 30°
to 40° it is desirable to keep the angle as large as
possible with the object of getting a high structural depth
for the shell.
Thickness : The minimum thickness of a shell is governed
by practical considerations such as accomodating
reinforcement and providing adequate cover. The usual limit
is 3" to 4" and an average being 3.5"
SELECTION OF STUDY VARIABLE & OTHER CONSTANTS:
Study variable 1/r : As discussed in art.2.2 it is clear
that the influence of the l/r ratio on shell behaviour is
much higher than any other single parameters. The
applicability of the conventional beam theory is also
governed by the l/r ratio. For these reasons, the study was
carried out with shells of varying l/r ratio to see the
comparative performance of analytical theory and beam
theory.
Effect of ¢¢ and other parameters: Although 9, may not have
influence as great as the l/r ratio, proper design must
include its effect. But shell behaviour under varying
is beyond the scope of this study and for study purpose its
value was taken as 40° for all shells. The reason for
choosing this value is discussed in art.2.2.2. Later in
chapter-5, tentative suggestion is made to account for the
other values of o¢
INPUT DATA:
To make a comparative study it is necessary to select the
dimensions of the numerical model shells. The chosendimensions are as follows,
CONSTANT VALUES: = Radius of directrix, r = 20°
Thickness of shell, t = 3.75"
Semicentral angle, og = 40°
live load = 25 psf
VARIABLE: Span,1 = 10°, 15’, 20°, 25°, 30°,
40°, 50°, 60°, 80° & 100°3.1
CHAPTER 3
THEORIES
INTRODUCTION :
This
purpose of study.
analytical theories the
were selected for their
theories were selected
long shells and the
Alongwith these exact
chapter will discuss the theories
Among the
10
adopted for he
many available
Schorer theory and the D-K-J theory
exact or
relative simplicity. Two analytical
because the first one is used for
for short shells.
Beam-theory is also
second one is
theories the
discussed. It should be noted that the detailed description
and development of these theories are beyond the scope of
this paper. They can be found in any standard text book on
shells. Only a brief description highlighting the
features and the way of application of these theories
main
are
presented here.
BEAM THEORY :
In beam-theory the shell is assumed to be a beam of curved
were first to
its
Finsterwalder
the
section and Aas-Jackobsen
suggest beam approximation. But the credit for
detailed development goes to Lundgren. Some advantages of
beam theory are,
a) It brings shell analysis within the reach of those
who are unfamiliar with the techniques of advanced
mathematics.
b) Unlike analytical theories shell with noncircular
directrix can be dealt with.
c) It can be applied to shells with non-uniform thickness.
d) It can handle shells strengthened by longitudinal and
transverse ribs.
e) Line loads can be dealt with1
3.2.1 Assumptions of beam theory: The beam theory is based on the
3
following asumptions,
a) The deformations of the cross section in its plane are
negligible.
b) My - and hence Q - and Mxg are neglected.
¢) The strain [xy caused by shear force Nyg and the
lateral contraction are neglected.
Limitations of beam theory: The assumptions listed above in
art.3.2.1 do not give any idea of the range of cylindrical
shells for which the beam method may be confidently applied
at least for the purpose of preliminary design. Studies
indicate that the beam method is applicable to the
following classes of shells provided they are uniformly
loaded:
a) Single shells without edge beams if 1/r > 5.0
b) Long single shells with not too deep edge beams if
lf > 3.
c) Interior shells of a group of multiple shells if
l/r > 1.67.
d) Interior shells with edge beams of a multiple group of
shells if l/r > 3.
These limitations may provide some guidelines to the
designer. The validity of the beam theory for other loading
conditions will need careful examination by the designer
before he decides to use it.
Beam Analysis : There are two distinct steps in the beam
theory of shell analysis. In the first,,the shell is
regarded as a beam of curved cross section (fig. 3.a) and
the familiar Mc/I and V@/Ib formulas are applied to
determine the longitudinal stress Nx and the shear stress
Nyg- This step is called beam analysis. Referring to fig.
3.1 and assuming that the shell is carrying vertical
loading symmetrically distributed over the cross section,Fig.3.a. Beam analysis.
Teo Nee
4
va, va yf
Tb” IB
Fig.3.b. Arch analysis.3.2.4
13
ny = Bre.
Tyy
where Myy is the bending moment at any cross section
computed as for simply supported beam and Iyy is the moment
of inertia about the axis yy. The beam analysis also
enables Nxg to be found by the use of well known VQ/Ib
formula. It is easily verified that,
va
Bly
Nxg =
where V is the vertical shearing force at the cross
section, computed as for a simple beam, and @ is the first
static moment of the cross section up to the point under
consideration.
Arch Analysis : The second step in the beam approximation
may be described as arch analysis. The object of this
analysis is to find My , Qg and Ng in the shell. Consider a
free body in the form of an elementary arch included
between two adjacent cross sections of the shells which are
dx distance apart. The equilibrium of the arch is
maintained by two sets of forces, namely , the load acting
on the element and the force 5Nyy/5x (fig. 3.b). The latter
is known as specific shear. The specific shear at any
point, acting in the direction of the tangent to the shell
arch, may be resolved in to horizontal and vertical
components. It is clear that the vertical components of the
specific shear would balance the load on the shell arch.
The horizontal components of the specific shear which are
symmetrically disposed about the crown balance themselves
First consider a single shell with or without edge beam. It
is clear that an elementary shell arch cut from such a
shell will not develop any restraining forces or moments at
its ends. Hence we have a statically determinate arch. The
transverse moment Mg at any point in the shell arch may
therefore be found as the algebric sum of moments caused by3.2.5
14
the loading and the horizontal and vertical components of
the specific shear. Next let us consider an elementary
shell arch cut out from an interior shell of a group of
multiple shells. As the shell arch is restrained at ends it
would behave as a fixed arch. If the loading on the shell
is symmetrically distributed over the surface, one would
expect the degree of indeterminacy to be three. But the
actual degree of indeterminacy is two as no vertical force
at ends is acting, the vertical load on shell being fully
balanced by the vertical components of the specific shear.
The elementary shell arch fixed at ends and acted upon by
load and components of specific shear can be analyzed by
nay method applicable to fixed arches to determine the
transverse moment Mg. The method of column analogy is
particularly convenient for this purpose. When once Mg is
found, Qg and Ng can easily be found from statics.
The Column Analogy Method : Once the statically determinate
bending moment, Ms, diagram is obtained from loads and
components of specific shears we can go for applying the
column analogy method. The column analogy equation is,
My = My - My (1)
where, (3-2)
“er Er
Once the moment Mg is determined we can calculate the
normal stress Ng and shear stress Q, at any point by
considering a freebody of the elementary arch between edge
and that point. Summation of forces in tangential and
radial direction will give the values of Ng and Q,
respectively3.3
15
SCHORER THEORY :
The schorer theory published in 1936 has the merit of
extreme simplicity. Let H represents any shell action, be
it a stress or a displacement. We may then write,
H = Mfe %°(By(Ancos8yo + Bysin8yo)
+ Bo(BacosByo - Ansin®yo)]
+ e 21B3(CycosBge + Dasin8yo)
+ B4(Dxcos820 - CysinBye)1} (3-3)
In the above equation,
M = multiplier corresponding to H,
By, By, Bg, Bq = coefficients in Schorer theory,
a1, a2 81 82= coefficients of the roots of
characteristic equation,
An. Bas Cay Dn = Constants to be determined from boundary
conditions.
The values of multipliers, M, and coefficients B’s are
given in table 3-1 & table 3-2 at the end of this chapter.
The coefficients roots of characteristic equation are as
follows,
ay = 82 = .9238795 - p and
ag = By = .3826834 - p
radius of directrix
span of shell
thickness of shell
we also define some other quantities which appear in the
tables 3-1 through 3-4 as,16
2
a
1
[=r]
=P
D=Ed°/12; k= x/1 and Qp= na/l
Using equation 3-1 and table 3-1 and table 3-2 we may
proceed to write stress resultants of the Schorer theory in
matrix notation as follows,
{H} = (MI[BICFI{A} where (3-4)
BN yg /5X pevat soe
an =| ay 5 IM] = s- + tvate ee
Ng : + pt/a
ne 5 : - ine
s = — P:PhcosfnX
By ay ~ay Bt
(Bi Bray ay thy ayy By-ay
1 ° “1
1 “1 -1 “1
f. fa + : An
(i= |-t2 f; + : 5 cal= | By
7 + fg fy ch
+ + fy fg Dn
The functions £1, £2, £3, £4 are defined as,
£1 = e 1" cos810
£2 = e “tcos8yo
£3 = e 2" cosBoe
£4 = 0 @%cos8oo
The stress resultants given by equation 3-4 are those at a
point at an angle @ from the left edge due to the
disturbances emanating from that edge. The shell actions at
at point due to the disturbances emanating from the right3.4
17
edge can be written down in matrix notation as,
i*) = CMICBICR*I¢A> (3-5)
In equation 3-5 all the matrices are same as in equation
3-4 except the matrix [F"]. It is defined as,
fy* tah -
ce*i = [-to¥ fy* - -
+ tgt 44%
The functions £1", f2*, £3", £4" are defined as,
fy = 9 M8 (26> P5581 (280-0)
fo% = eM (26- 8) cog) (200-0)
er te (2% - 2)
Lge (2z—- 9),
cosB2 (206-0)
cosB2 (2e¢-0)
where go. is the semicentral angle.
The resultant shell action at any point is found by adding
the contributions due to the left and right edges if the
shell action is even; and by subtracting the contribution
of the right edge from that of the left edge if the shell
action is odd. Wheather a shell action is even or odd is
indicated in table 3-1 and table 3-3.
D-K-J THEORY:
The simplest among the so called exact theory which take
into account the effects of Mx, Myg and Qx is the D-K-J
theory. But this theory is limited for short shells only.
Although the theoretical treatise of shell in D-K-J theory
is different from that of Schorer theory the final form of
equation for stress resultants and displacements are same
as that described in equation 3-3 and 3-4. Only the values
of multipliers M, and coefficients B’s are different and3.5
18
are listed in table 3-3 and table 3-4. The coefficients of
the roots of the characteristics equation are,
ay = prec ye(itet2y? + 13 + (atee2y 7
ag = prec aeci-ed2)? + 13 - (1-22) I?
By = proc ee(ieetay? + 1} - (atetan7®
Bg = pee MC sec1-et2)? + 13 + (L-ee2y7%
where expressions for p and t are given in article 3.3. To
use D-K-J theory in matrix notation the procedure described
in art.3.3 for Schorer theory is also applicable.
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS FOR ANALYTICAL THEORIES:
Using matrix equation 3-4 we can have four equations of
four stress components in terms of four unknown
coefficients An, Bn, Cn, Dn. The boundary conditions to
determine the values of these coefficients are,
ato = 0.0
a) Mg = 0.0
b) Q@ = 0.0
©) Ng = 0.0
d) Nxg = 0.0
applying these boundary conditions we can have four
simultaneous equation in terms of four coefficients.
Simultaneous solution of these four equations will give the
values of An, Bn, Cy and Dy. Then use of equation 3-3 will
give us value of any stress component or displacements.
COMMENT =
In article 3.2, 3.3 and in art.3.4 the analytical theories
are described only in context of simply supported single
shell without edge beams. Hence in tables 3-1 through 3-4
the quantities pertains only such type of shell which is
studied. To see how these theories apply for other type of
shell interested readers are asked to see any standard text
on shell as listed in reference 1.19
TABLE 3-1: Multipliers M in Schorer theory
Quantity odd or even multiplier
“ Q,
BNxg odd — PP cos_fnX
ox a
al a
Dp? qx
Nx even — =P cos
2
a, odd — PP? cos_fin*
ate a
Dp* Myx
No even — —? cos.
a
a a
Mg even -
Table 3-2: Coefficients B’s in Schorer theory
Quantity By Be Bg Ba
Nx
8. a -a! -8:
i 1 1 1 1
a (-ay+Ba) | (ay+By) | (ay+81) (By-ay)
Ng ° 1 ° -1
Ms 1 “1 -1 -1
Nx 1 - 1 -20
TABLE 3-1: Multipliers M in D-K-J theory
- T
Quantity | odd or even I Multiplier
8N Dp* Myx
SNxe odd - PP _cosn%
bx 4
a a
pp* Myx
Nx even -

1/r > 1.75 C4 = -1.25e° -2/2)* 44.3 ME 1.31 for I/r > 3.14APPENDIX1. Program EXACT : Solution of cylindrical shell by Schorer Theory and D-K=J Theory. JEG EIEIO OGIO AISI IOC IONIC I IE ANALYSIS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS BY D-K-J /SCHORER THEORY x ‘ : ‘ t ‘ x k Erba henna c noo noone C Onn Cop Oo COE DOE EOC BO BO EE : {THIS PROGRAM Is DEVELOPED as A PART OF ‘ to THeSrGuRTH Vear THESIS PRoJect UNDER THE ‘ f SUPeRU?Sran"GF Das AHeANUL KABIR ‘ ‘ {Program DEVELOPED BY, i ‘ Hen mau, amaneT : PSN ERT ual ‘ t $ec Bole o7 ‘ } Beer: OF E101. ence. ‘ + BET : Erotic rnin conor nr icon noc bor 8 eo EE EEE ‘ i ‘ k ‘ i ' ‘ ‘ i ‘ ‘ ' ‘ ' ‘ ‘ ‘ ' x THIS PROGRAM CALCULATES VALUES OF NX, N-PHI AND M-PHI AT MID SPAN AND VALUES OF NX-PHI AT TRAVERSE PHI IS MEASURED FROM LEFT EDGE UPTO CROWN JOSIE IGA OO EID IGA GOODIN QAO IIIT TYPE DECLARATION..... CHARACTER PROBXBO REAL C,CL ,ANPO DIMENSION BTA(4,4) ,BTB(4,4) , XXA(4 4), XXB (4,4) ,XXC(4 4), + XXD (494) AAA C494) 2DSL (424) DERG 24) CCE (4 94) + smst (4,43 ,pp0 <4 43 DOL (4,45 DDR (4,4) (eee (4.43 + 5mDS (434) 3BCAR (20.21) H(3),9(5) ,215,4) sTREssis) DATA BTA,BTE.XXA}XXB.XXC,XXB AAA DSL DSR ,CCC71460k0 .07 pata Smst,pDb ppt poe eee ,Smbs/9hx0 57 DATA BCAR/420k0 .07 Bate Hoss 2 cSTRESSIPR/ZQXO.0/ OPEN (i Picd= exact -pat > OPEN (2 3FILE= ENACT /OUT”) JESS C IOI III HOC IOTEDIDOINOR ICAO TIDE GO ACO OIE IDE INPUT VARIABLE IDENTIFICATION... * * * * SPAN OF THE SHELL (FT) * RADIUS (FT) * THICKNESS OF THE SHELL (FT) * SEMICENTRAL ANGLE (DEGREE) * DEAD COAD (PSF OF SHELL SURFACE) * LIVE LOAD (PSF OF SHELL SURFACE) * * * * * * * * * * * HEIGHT OF THE EDGE BEAM (FT) WIDTH OF EDGE BEAN (FT) TYPE OF SHELL (SEE BELOW... FOR SINGLE SHELL WITHOUT EDGE BEAM. FOR SINGLE SHELL WITH EDGE BEAM. FOR MULTIPLE SHELL WITHOUT EDGE “Beam. FOR MULTIPLE SHELL WITH EDGE BEAM, JOBSITE SEIS IOC OCGOTTOEIIIDE OOO CTO IDE READ INPUT DATA TPR=IPR+L WRITE (6,666) 1PR 666 FORMAT('START SOLVING SHELL NO." ,13) ) * * * * * * * ¥ * * * * * * * * * ¥ * * * * * 1* * * * ) baQaDE sPHIC DL JL Tp2 ,TB1 J ITYPE 1 pete ee tar Part Type Re" sere, Dia) FS. .s PHI j£6.2, aie R28, types te 1 Pe eat oa IF ETYPE CEG 24 078 BEF HANNS 5 /LKG . /DI NRE. OK 125 «JUNE. /RHORKE 292 CONVERSION TO SCHORER THEORY IF THE SHELL IS LONG... TF OXLR.GE.PI) XKP=0.0 ROOTS OF THE CHARACTERSTIC EQUATION... aL RHON KS « 0103 5 /XLNIRE TP OXLR.GE P15 XNX=XNXHRHOWRS. 1.4142= AL uw a ¢ $¢ 4 as eS + $s . 3 ad og ct ¢ ga ~ af ae = te 5 Rez x x a =f Baa ar cE x & san oF g& a zx Sadat = xR £7 5 Sta! Ot & ho sa Bia - eo! c00e rac quux o a Seae a edema se sans mame Sa secre eae ese asada 0l= ges clei queuducu aqacae nnmuau SHEKSeSS geee eee an na naan nama MEMBRANE FORCES AND DISPLACEMENTS... S00 ak30 40 mari pis SUM ANXPO=ANXPASIN(PC) RIX FOR STRESS RESULTANTS... DISTURBANCES FROM LEFT EDGE. ay. Booswowm SSDS Stoanmace Fane Pur bREne “Rot (3,3) CALL MATMUL (BTA, XXB BAA 54 54 54} CALC MATMUL (XXA AAA ;DSL 345454) TURBANCES FROM RIGHT EDGE... EXP (= =XXD ( XXD (1 CALL MATMUL (BTA, XXD CCC, 4 54 54) GALL MATMUL (XxA3CCE }DSR 343434) OF THE EFFECT OF TWO EDGES FOR STRESS RESULTANTS.. DO 30 11= SMST(IT, Hi =DSL(I1,JJ)-DSR(IT,JJ) BO 49 112344 DO_40_Ju= SHsttrTy30 J2DSL (11,99 )+DSR CIT ,99)50 60 no"s 8 13 15 27 DISTURBANCE FROM RIGHT EDGE... CALL MATMUL (BTB,XXD ,EEE,4 44,4) CALC MATMUL (XXC JEEE ;DDR 545434) SUMMING UP THE DISTURBANCES FROM LEFT AND RIGHT EDGE... DO SO I1=1,2 DO 50 J9=154 SmD8 (11, JJS=DDL (II ,JJ)+DDR(IT, Jd) DO 60 11=3,4 DO 60 JJ=114 SMDS (11,JJ5=DDL (11 ,JJ)-DDR(II,JJ) GOTO’ 1010, 1020 1030 , 1040) I TYPE BOUNDARY CONDITION FOR A SINGLE SHELL WITHOUT EDGE BEAM... DO 11 Ja=1,4 BEAR (1530 )2SMST (4 Jd) DO 13 JJ=1,4 BCAR(2,Jd )2SMST(2,J0) DO 15_JJ=1,4 BCAR(3,JJ BCAR (335 DO 17 JI=144 BCAR (4, JI BCAR (435 GoTo 2000 BOUNDARY CONDITION FOR SINGLE SHELL WITH EDGE BEAM... DO 21 JJ=1,4 BCAR (1,03 MST (3, Ju) INPO MST C1 JJ) /SK ‘ANKPO MST (4 JI) MST (3.,.3J)kCP+SMST (2 ,JI) "SP NPOXCE, 1 BCAR (3 JJ )2-SMDS(1 JJ) /Sk+ (SMST (3 ,JJ)#SP-SMST (2 JJ) HCP) (TAL + BI RSKACN+SMST C1049 /SKK C1. /SK ERB 7700 /E+ (TAL /2. ESI ¥R2 KCN BCAR (3 )5)=XUO-ANPORSPRTAI /3 . KSKKCN-ANXPOX (1. /SKKK2 . /AA E+ (TAL/ + BIKSK AK. KCN)+TAL /2. SK RAP RCN DO 27 Jd=1,4 BCAR (4,30 )2SMDS (2 JJ) ¥CP—SMDS (3 JJ) KSP+CN# (SMST(3,JJ)#SP— + SMST (2397) xCP+SMSt 1 JG) *(TAL/22)) BCAR (4 35) = KWORCP+ XVOXSP-CNK (ANPORSP+ANXPOXSK (TAL /2.)-WP) GOTO 2000* 4 BOUNDARY CONDITION FOR MULTISHELL WITHOUT EDGE BEAM.... * 1030 DO 31 Ja= aL BCAR (1 ,JI CP+SMDS (2,33 xSP BCAR (135) SP DO 33 JJ=1,4 33 BCAR(2,JJ )2SMST (3 JJ) #SP-SMST (2 ,JJ)*CP BCAR (2 }5)=-ANPOKSP DO 35_JJ=1,4 35 BCAR(3,JJ)2SMST(1 JJ) BCAR (3 35)=-ANKPORSK DO 37 JJ=1,4 37 BCAR (4,33 )25MDS (4 ,JJ) GOTO 2000 * yf BOUNDARY CONDITION FOR MULTISHELL WITH EDGE BEAM. ... 1040 DO 41 Ja= aL BCAR (1 JJ )2-SMDS(1 Jd) /Sk+ (SMST (3 JJ) #SP-SMST (2 JJ) KCP) + BeDRSKACNSSMST (1 IG) /SKK C1. 7/SKRNB?/AA/E+ (TAI /2 ASK) ERE BCAR (1,5 )=XU0-ANPO#SPRTAL /2 . KSKKCN-ANKPOK (1. /SKKHE. /A8 71 + BLkSK KE KCN )+TAI/2. XSKKWP HCN DO 43 JJ=1,4 43 BCAR (2,33 )2SMDS (2 JJ) XCP—SMDS (3,.JJ) #SP+CNX (SMST (3 JJ) #SP- + — SMST(23JI)xCP+SMSt (1 JS) #(TAL/22)) BCAR (2 35) =— KWO#CP+XVOXSP-CNK (ANPONSP+ANXPOXSK (TAL /2.)-WIP) DO 45_Ja=1,4 45 BCAR(3,JJ)2SMDS(3,JJ )xCP+SMDS (2, JJ) "SP. BCAR (3 }5)=-XVOXCP*kWOKSP DO 47 Jd=1,4 47 BCAR (4,30 )2SMDS(4 JJ) we SOLUTION OF ARBITRARY CONSTANTS FROM THE BOUNDARY CONDITIONS... 2000 * CALCULATIONS FOR STRESS RESULTANTS.. WRITE (3,130) 130 FORMAT ( TB, PHI’ ,T20, NX’ ,T32, "NX-PHI’ ,T44, ‘N-PHI’,TS9, M-PHI' 174; G-PHI "> +t;STRESS (1) ,STRESS (3) ,STRESS(4) © BS SS & S > Q © : 2 g g : a 8 a > z zo ¢ a a x & GS = z 5 g = gs x & a = = = G t 5 ak z a ¢ B a) eS ~68 a z ae a as ¥ ce A = = SE = Fo 2 - om x 75 < SLO 9 aad = 0 wa t 2 Ch Ga! a ae < a =o 8 eS ON > aa 5 - oO ® AZ go! Zee = 2 Wy eS Fare a < 5 tae ° So oun an S~ 5 + ¢ E ta Ses Saiz oo & = a 5 7 xeSe eax ay, a : & ze xare Son zane 5 OS S pe RO x . 5a ome a Sa Bo : a SN a8 E eS 5 Zeu a oe a ayy ok & « OrzZ we “ 5a o Goze ee x B25 x use SE Emmers oo roa < cuz © & Bane EGo BESS a San chaz yeZ~ne roa ~a NG i Fa6 25 So0u¢5 ore SmBgooVou Fdou FUzau or ougows tou toLe 5 oo * a CAaREE Gam BassaacasxsasksGOMar cos se EWURMOBeE tee tee ++ 2 22 9 on an 3 85 a n BO 3 ° one om 9 = BR Hom So “ a ane ¢ &2. Program BEAMTH : Solution of cylindrical shells by beam-theory XIII IEAOTINIDIOIIIOEE OCG CEIOIDID IDI OOOO CCBIOCOIDDINI OAT IO ¥ ANALYSIS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS BY BEAM THEORY. JOO OOOO IOR OC CCOCTDIIOEER IOC GOTO OOOO II THIS PROGRAM IS DEVELOPED AS A PART OF THE FOURTH VEAR THESIS PROJECT UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF DR. ALAMGIR HABIB PROGRAM DEVELOPED BY, : : : : : : : : : : : : KHON MALMUD aMANAT : Soe eae envi : : : : : : : : : : : : * * * x x ® * * * * SEC-B. ROLL-77 * DEPTT: GF CIVIL ENGG. x BuET 280100 10 1000000 200 00 220002200 2 x * * x x * THIS PROGRAM CALCULATES VALUES OF NX, N-PHI_AND M-PHI AT MID-SPAN AND VALUES OF NX-PHI AT TRAVERSE PHI IS MEASURED FROM LEFT EDGE UPTO CROWN JERS GODIN EICAGECCCCTIOINIDA IORI CACO COCA IOI OTTO DIMENSION X (02500) ,¥ (02590) ;LEN(Q:500} ,DNXP (S00) + (02250) ,VV(0 1250) MS (02250 } ;DS (02250) DY (03250) 1DZ(0:250) + 4Hx(02255) VY (02254) , XNXI (02250) , XNKP110:250) ,1K120,2) + XMP1 (02250), XNPT (02250) , XNOI (02350) ,THK (02500) REAL LEN, TVY jLTH,KjU MYY NX NXP >MS,LGAD ,MOMT ,NPHI ,IY1 COMMON /$1/01B/S2/%,V, IVY 28 ,D CEN ;LTH/33/K COMMON /84/TE/S5/DNKP 2H ,VW MS ,BL SU {DS DY .DZ,HX,VY COMMON 786 /LOAD MOMT/29 7HI WT S87 THE TST /89/1V1 7781 /S10/9T CHARACTER 1 T (S047. TORT, TYPERG. PRORTHOO /OROGEKEOSPROBSS OO DATA TT/ NX", NX-PAI’ MOMENT”) /NOPHIy 'OOPHI "7 OPEN (1 ,FILE='NEW.DAT’) OPEN (33F ILE= "NEW -OUT’) Bee 223 30020 35 15 101 13 10 WRITE (2,3) Ca Dt, THET SL HIT WED, TYPE F682 Re’ 56622, °"D1=! FS. 3s . Nre?es 2B reg INGLE * MULTIPLE * 321415926 /180 .) THET ,THET, .S N(XIN/180 .*3.1415926) 1S ( XIN/180 *3 11415926 )-R NT(XID)) .£Q. 0.0 .AND.XIA .LE. (THET ) ) THEN NT«XIAD DM et connc rg Mote EMO IE

- beam theory of shells.pdfUploaded byhyma
- Ancient India Rs SharmaUploaded bylalit2424
- Finite element method introUploaded byhardik2309
- hand written gate notesUploaded byhyma
- Cross Section of a HighwayUploaded byJako Bucasas
- replacement of aggregateUploaded byhyma
- Mass Spring DamperUploaded byPranav Birajdar
- lec3Uploaded byBima Wirawan
- Prestressed Concrete KrishnarajuUploaded byBart Lucena Jr.
- FEM Senthil.pdfUploaded byAbdul Nazèêr
- FEM_NotesUploaded byhyma
- Dynamics of Structure Chopra 1995Uploaded bylmc_12036596
- pressure meter testUploaded byhyma

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.