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APPLICABILITY OF BEAM-THEORY IN THE ANALYSIS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS WITHOUT EDGE BEAMS A thesis (course no. CE 400 ; Project & thesis) submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN CIVIL ENGINEERING Khan Mahmud Amanat 4th year Civil Roll - 77 Session “87-"88 DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING BUET, DHAKA, BANGLADESH APRIL, 1991 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The research-work presented in this paper was carried out under constant supervision of Dr. Alamgir Habib, Professor, and Dr. Ahsanul Kabir, Associate Professor, both of the Dept. of Civil Engineering, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The author expresses his heartiest gratitude to them for their invaluable suggestions and guidence to prepare this thesis in its present form. The author is grateful to Dr. Jamilur Reza Choudhury, Director, Computer Center, BUET for giving permission to use the facilities of the Computer Center. The author profoundly appreciates the help, encouragement and cooperation received from his friends and associates while working on this project. The author Cylindrical shell roofs are by nature complex and their exact rigorous analysis requires tedious and time consuming calculations involving knowledge of higher mathematics. Engineers usualy avoid such method of analysis and of seek for an easier and handy method of calculation. Beam theory of cylindrical shell is such an easy method but it is a very approximate one and subjected to severe restrictions. This paper presents an investigation on the applicability of beam theory. To widen the range of applicability of beam theory by applying correction to beam theory results a suggestion is made thereafter. Chapter 1 : IN’ 1. 1. 1. 1. Chapter 2 : CYL. 2.1 2.2 Chapter 3: THE 3.1 312: monn te Chapter 4 : CO! ct 4 4. 4. 4. 4.5: 7 1 2a 3 4 nt ae 2: 3 4 RODUCT ION : General Types of Cylindrical Shells : Objective of Study : Scope of the Study INDRICAL SHELL PARAMETERS Introduction : Shell Parameters 2.1 l/r Ratio 2:2 Semicentral Angle, o¢ 2.3 Thickness, t p9 8909 ORY : Introduction Beam theory -1 Assumptions :2 Limitations :3 Beam Analysis -4 Arch Analysis 2.5 Column Analogy Method : Schorer Theory D-K-J Theory Boundary Conditions Comments Seis a 3. 3 PARATIVE STUDY OF THEORIES : Introduction Methodology : Selection of Stress components : Discussion of Results 4.4.1 Longitudinal Stress Nx 414.2 Shear Stress Ng 4.4.3 Transverse Normal Stress Ng 4.4.4 Transverse Moment Ng Comments Chapter 5 : CORRECTION OF BEAM THEORY RESULTS 5.1 5.2: Introduction Correction Procedure §.2.1 Correction By Using Charts 5.2.2 Correction By Using Equations Effect of a page 10 21 contd.. page Chapter 6 : NUMERICAL EXAMPLES 32 6.1 : Introduction 6.2 : Discussion of Examples 6.3 : Comments Chapter 7 : CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 44 7.1 + Conclusions 7.2 : Recommendations Bibliography 45 Appendix 1 : Equations for correction. Appendix 2 : Computer programs 1.1 1.3 CHAPTER-1 INTRODUCTION GENERAL: The search for structural forms to cover a large area or a long span without introducing any intermidiate support and doing so economically using minimum material has long been a challenge for the engineers. Shell forms of structures offer great advantages to achieve this goal when the functional requirements of a plane surface is not necessary. Among the various shell type structural forms, cylindrical shell is a most prominent one. Such shell forms of structure are by nature complex and the exact solution of different stress components is tedious, time consuming and requires the application of higher mathematics. A relatively easy and handy but somewhat approximate method of analysis may seem advantagous at least for preliminary design. Such an approximate method has been investigated and its reliability to predict the cylindrical shell behaviour has been studied. TYPES OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS: There are many types of cylindrical shells. These shells are normally supported only by transverse diaphragms or ribs. The straight longitudinal edge being either free or built monolithically with edge beams. Fig.1.a. shows several of characteristic types of cylindrical shells and fig.1.b. shows different components of a cylindrical shell. Such a shell may be simply supported or continuous over diaphragms, may be used as single units or as multiple units or even they may be ribbed. OBJECTIVE OF STUDY: Shell type structures economize the use of materials and attain strength through special forms as opposed to strength through mass. That is why one needs proper and reliable analysis of various stress components. The mathematics of an exact analysis is quite complex and requires knowledge of higher mathematics. Engineers often avoid such analytical procedures and seek for an easier and handy method. The “Beam-arch approximation of cylindrical shells’ or simply “Beam theory’ is an approximate but relatively easy procedure for cylindrical shell analysis But due to its approximate nature, the beam theory is subjected to severe restrictions and cannot be applied to all proportions or all types of shells. The objective of this study is to propose a correction procedure to rectify the beam theory results to widen its range of applicability and to increase its reliablity. SCOPE OF THE STUDY: As the beam theory is an approximate method, its results must deviate from that of an exact theory. The deviation depends on shell geometry. It is found that the deviation is greatest for the case of single shells having no edge beams. The study was carried out only for such type of shell. Thus the correction procedure proposed later is only applicable for cylindrical shells which is, a) Simply supported on end traverse. b) Have no edge beams. c) Single unit. From now on the term ‘shell’ will refer above type of shell unless otherwise mentioned. \ SS Fig.1.b. Components of a cylindrical shell 24 2.2 anand CHAPTER- 2 CYLINDRICAL SHELL PARAMETERS INTRODUCTION: Since the analysis of cylindrical shells is a bit lengthy process, it is essential to start with a set of well chosen dimensions or parameters. Different parameters have different influence on the behaviour of shell. In order to make a comparative study of the behaviour of the shell under exact theory with that under beam theory in a well organised way, the necessity of the selection of proper variable parameters as well as the constant dimensions becomes obvious. Fig.2.a. defines the different shell dimensions and some of them are discussed in the article that follows. SHELL PARAMETERS: In designing a cylindrical shell, the proper selection of the l/r ratio, semicentral angle 9, and the thickness t are very important. These are separately discussed below in brief. l/r ratio : The first decision to make at the stage of planning is the choice between long and short shells. Because several reasonable assumptions can be made on the basis of 1/r which greatly simplify the exact or analytical methods without losing accuracy. As a shell becomes long, the longitudinal stress distribution approaches very nearly the linear like that of a beam under flexure. But this is not true for short shells. Schorer defined a shell to be long if 1/rom . For such long shells the stress at any point is influenced by the boundary conditions of both edges. If the shell is a short one , disturbances emanating from the further edge can easily be neglected. This is usually done when D-K-J theory for short shells is used. span of shell radius of directrix. semicentral angle. angular distance of a shell element from left edge. thickness of shell, also termed as d. distance of a shell element from edge. Fig.2.a. Cylindrical shell dimensions. L Nox € @ Fig.2.b. Stresses on a shell element 1) Normal and shear stress 2) bending and twisting moments. 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.3 2.3.1 Semicentral angle ¢ : The usual practice is to keep semicentral angle between 30° to 40° . If the angle exceeds 45° , concreting becomes difficult. Wind load can be ignored if o, is less than 40° . Between limits of 30° to 40° it is desirable to keep the angle as large as possible with the object of getting a high structural depth for the shell. Thickness : The minimum thickness of a shell is governed by practical considerations such as accomodating reinforcement and providing adequate cover. The usual limit is 3" to 4" and an average being 3.5" SELECTION OF STUDY VARIABLE & OTHER CONSTANTS: Study variable 1/r : As discussed in art.2.2 it is clear that the influence of the l/r ratio on shell behaviour is much higher than any other single parameters. The applicability of the conventional beam theory is also governed by the l/r ratio. For these reasons, the study was carried out with shells of varying l/r ratio to see the comparative performance of analytical theory and beam theory. Effect of ¢¢ and other parameters: Although 9, may not have influence as great as the l/r ratio, proper design must include its effect. But shell behaviour under varying is beyond the scope of this study and for study purpose its value was taken as 40° for all shells. The reason for choosing this value is discussed in art.2.2.2. Later in chapter-5, tentative suggestion is made to account for the other values of o¢ INPUT DATA: To make a comparative study it is necessary to select the dimensions of the numerical model shells. The chosen dimensions are as follows, CONSTANT VALUES: = Radius of directrix, r = 20° Thickness of shell, t = 3.75" Semicentral angle, og = 40° live load = 25 psf VARIABLE: Span,1 = 10°, 15’, 20°, 25°, 30°, 40°, 50°, 60°, 80° & 100° 3.1 CHAPTER 3 THEORIES INTRODUCTION : This purpose of study. analytical theories the were selected for their theories were selected long shells and the Alongwith these exact chapter will discuss the theories Among the 10 adopted for he many available Schorer theory and the D-K-J theory exact or relative simplicity. Two analytical because the first one is used for for short shells. Beam-theory is also second one is theories the discussed. It should be noted that the detailed description and development of these theories are beyond the scope of this paper. They can be found in any standard text book on shells. Only a brief description highlighting the features and the way of application of these theories main are presented here. BEAM THEORY : In beam-theory the shell is assumed to be a beam of curved were first to its Finsterwalder the section and Aas-Jackobsen suggest beam approximation. But the credit for detailed development goes to Lundgren. Some advantages of beam theory are, a) It brings shell analysis within the reach of those who are unfamiliar with the techniques of advanced mathematics. b) Unlike analytical theories shell with noncircular directrix can be dealt with. c) It can be applied to shells with non-uniform thickness. d) It can handle shells strengthened by longitudinal and transverse ribs. e) Line loads can be dealt with 1 3.2.1 Assumptions of beam theory: The beam theory is based on the 3 following asumptions, a) The deformations of the cross section in its plane are negligible. b) My - and hence Q - and Mxg are neglected. ¢) The strain [xy caused by shear force Nyg and the lateral contraction are neglected. Limitations of beam theory: The assumptions listed above in art.3.2.1 do not give any idea of the range of cylindrical shells for which the beam method may be confidently applied at least for the purpose of preliminary design. Studies indicate that the beam method is applicable to the following classes of shells provided they are uniformly loaded: a) Single shells without edge beams if 1/r > 5.0 b) Long single shells with not too deep edge beams if lf > 3. c) Interior shells of a group of multiple shells if l/r > 1.67. d) Interior shells with edge beams of a multiple group of shells if l/r > 3. These limitations may provide some guidelines to the designer. The validity of the beam theory for other loading conditions will need careful examination by the designer before he decides to use it. Beam Analysis : There are two distinct steps in the beam theory of shell analysis. In the first,,the shell is regarded as a beam of curved cross section (fig. 3.a) and the familiar Mc/I and V@/Ib formulas are applied to determine the longitudinal stress Nx and the shear stress Nyg- This step is called beam analysis. Referring to fig. 3.1 and assuming that the shell is carrying vertical loading symmetrically distributed over the cross section, Fig.3.a. Beam analysis. Teo Nee 4 va, va yf Tb” IB Fig.3.b. Arch analysis. 3.2.4 13 ny = Bre. Tyy where Myy is the bending moment at any cross section computed as for simply supported beam and Iyy is the moment of inertia about the axis yy. The beam analysis also enables Nxg to be found by the use of well known VQ/Ib formula. It is easily verified that, va Bly Nxg = where V is the vertical shearing force at the cross section, computed as for a simple beam, and @ is the first static moment of the cross section up to the point under consideration. Arch Analysis : The second step in the beam approximation may be described as arch analysis. The object of this analysis is to find My , Qg and Ng in the shell. Consider a free body in the form of an elementary arch included between two adjacent cross sections of the shells which are dx distance apart. The equilibrium of the arch is maintained by two sets of forces, namely , the load acting on the element and the force 5Nyy/5x (fig. 3.b). The latter is known as specific shear. The specific shear at any point, acting in the direction of the tangent to the shell arch, may be resolved in to horizontal and vertical components. It is clear that the vertical components of the specific shear would balance the load on the shell arch. The horizontal components of the specific shear which are symmetrically disposed about the crown balance themselves First consider a single shell with or without edge beam. It is clear that an elementary shell arch cut from such a shell will not develop any restraining forces or moments at its ends. Hence we have a statically determinate arch. The transverse moment Mg at any point in the shell arch may therefore be found as the algebric sum of moments caused by 3.2.5 14 the loading and the horizontal and vertical components of the specific shear. Next let us consider an elementary shell arch cut out from an interior shell of a group of multiple shells. As the shell arch is restrained at ends it would behave as a fixed arch. If the loading on the shell is symmetrically distributed over the surface, one would expect the degree of indeterminacy to be three. But the actual degree of indeterminacy is two as no vertical force at ends is acting, the vertical load on shell being fully balanced by the vertical components of the specific shear. The elementary shell arch fixed at ends and acted upon by load and components of specific shear can be analyzed by nay method applicable to fixed arches to determine the transverse moment Mg. The method of column analogy is particularly convenient for this purpose. When once Mg is found, Qg and Ng can easily be found from statics. The Column Analogy Method : Once the statically determinate bending moment, Ms, diagram is obtained from loads and components of specific shears we can go for applying the column analogy method. The column analogy equation is, My = My - My (1) where, (3-2) “er Er Once the moment Mg is determined we can calculate the normal stress Ng and shear stress Q, at any point by considering a freebody of the elementary arch between edge and that point. Summation of forces in tangential and radial direction will give the values of Ng and Q, respectively 3.3 15 SCHORER THEORY : The schorer theory published in 1936 has the merit of extreme simplicity. Let H represents any shell action, be it a stress or a displacement. We may then write, H = Mfe %°(By(Ancos8yo + Bysin8yo) + Bo(BacosByo - Ansin®yo)] + e 21B3(CycosBge + Dasin8yo) + B4(Dxcos820 - CysinBye)1} (3-3) In the above equation, M = multiplier corresponding to H, By, By, Bg, Bq = coefficients in Schorer theory, a1, a2 81 82= coefficients of the roots of characteristic equation, An. Bas Cay Dn = Constants to be determined from boundary conditions. The values of multipliers, M, and coefficients B’s are given in table 3-1 & table 3-2 at the end of this chapter. The coefficients roots of characteristic equation are as follows, ay = 82 = .9238795 - p and ag = By = .3826834 - p radius of directrix span of shell thickness of shell we also define some other quantities which appear in the tables 3-1 through 3-4 as, 16 2 a 1 [=r] =P D=Ed°/12; k= x/1 and Qp= na/l Using equation 3-1 and table 3-1 and table 3-2 we may proceed to write stress resultants of the Schorer theory in matrix notation as follows, {H} = (MI[BICFI{A} where (3-4) BN yg /5X pevat soe an =| ay 5 IM] = s- + tvate ee Ng : + pt/a ne 5 : - ine s = — P:PhcosfnX By ay ~ay Bt (Bi Bray ay thy ayy By-ay 1 ° “1 1 “1 -1 “1 f. fa + : An (i= |-t2 f; + : 5 cal= | By 7 + fg fy ch + + fy fg Dn The functions £1, £2, £3, £4 are defined as, £1 = e 1" cos810 £2 = e “tcos8yo £3 = e 2" cosBoe £4 = 0 @%cos8oo The stress resultants given by equation 3-4 are those at a point at an angle @ from the left edge due to the disturbances emanating from that edge. The shell actions at at point due to the disturbances emanating from the right 3.4 17 edge can be written down in matrix notation as, i*) = CMICBICR*I¢A> (3-5) In equation 3-5 all the matrices are same as in equation 3-4 except the matrix [F"]. It is defined as, fy* tah - ce*i = [-to¥ fy* - - + tgt 44% The functions £1", f2*, £3", £4" are defined as, fy = 9 M8 (26> P5581 (280-0) fo% = eM (26- 8) cog) (200-0) er te (2% - 2) Lge (2z—- 9), cosB2 (206-0) cosB2 (2e¢-0) where go. is the semicentral angle. The resultant shell action at any point is found by adding the contributions due to the left and right edges if the shell action is even; and by subtracting the contribution of the right edge from that of the left edge if the shell action is odd. Wheather a shell action is even or odd is indicated in table 3-1 and table 3-3. D-K-J THEORY: The simplest among the so called exact theory which take into account the effects of Mx, Myg and Qx is the D-K-J theory. But this theory is limited for short shells only. Although the theoretical treatise of shell in D-K-J theory is different from that of Schorer theory the final form of equation for stress resultants and displacements are same as that described in equation 3-3 and 3-4. Only the values of multipliers M, and coefficients B’s are different and 3.5 18 are listed in table 3-3 and table 3-4. The coefficients of the roots of the characteristics equation are, ay = prec ye(itet2y? + 13 + (atee2y 7 ag = prec aeci-ed2)? + 13 - (1-22) I? By = proc ee(ieetay? + 1} - (atetan7® Bg = pee MC sec1-et2)? + 13 + (L-ee2y7% where expressions for p and t are given in article 3.3. To use D-K-J theory in matrix notation the procedure described in art.3.3 for Schorer theory is also applicable. BOUNDARY CONDITIONS FOR ANALYTICAL THEORIES: Using matrix equation 3-4 we can have four equations of four stress components in terms of four unknown coefficients An, Bn, Cn, Dn. The boundary conditions to determine the values of these coefficients are, ato = 0.0 a) Mg = 0.0 b) Q@ = 0.0 ©) Ng = 0.0 d) Nxg = 0.0 applying these boundary conditions we can have four simultaneous equation in terms of four coefficients. Simultaneous solution of these four equations will give the values of An, Bn, Cy and Dy. Then use of equation 3-3 will give us value of any stress component or displacements. COMMENT = In article 3.2, 3.3 and in art.3.4 the analytical theories are described only in context of simply supported single shell without edge beams. Hence in tables 3-1 through 3-4 the quantities pertains only such type of shell which is studied. To see how these theories apply for other type of shell interested readers are asked to see any standard text on shell as listed in reference 1. 19 TABLE 3-1: Multipliers M in Schorer theory Quantity odd or even multiplier “ Q, BNxg odd — PP cos_fnX ox a al a Dp? qx Nx even — =P cos 2 a, odd — PP? cos_fin* ate a Dp* Myx No even — —? cos. a a a Mg even - Table 3-2: Coefficients B’s in Schorer theory Quantity By Be Bg Ba Nx 8. a -a! -8: i 1 1 1 1 a (-ay+Ba) | (ay+By) | (ay+81) (By-ay) Ng ° 1 ° -1 Ms 1 “1 -1 -1 Nx 1 - 1 - 20 TABLE 3-1: Multipliers M in D-K-J theory - T Quantity | odd or even I Multiplier 8N Dp* Myx SNxe odd - PP _cosn% bx 4 a a pp* Myx Nx even -

1/r > 1.75 C4 = -1.25e° -2/2)* 44.3 ME 1.31 for I/r > 3.14 APPENDIX 1. Program EXACT : Solution of cylindrical shell by Schorer Theory and D-K=J Theory. JEG EIEIO OGIO AISI IOC IONIC I IE ANALYSIS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS BY D-K-J /SCHORER THEORY x ‘ : ‘ t ‘ x k Erba henna c noo noone C Onn Cop Oo COE DOE EOC BO BO EE : {THIS PROGRAM Is DEVELOPED as A PART OF ‘ to THeSrGuRTH Vear THESIS PRoJect UNDER THE ‘ f SUPeRU?Sran"GF Das AHeANUL KABIR ‘ ‘ {Program DEVELOPED BY, i ‘ Hen mau, amaneT : PSN ERT ual ‘ t $ec Bole o7 ‘ } Beer: OF E101. ence. ‘ + BET : Erotic rnin conor nr icon noc bor 8 eo EE EEE ‘ i ‘ k ‘ i ' ‘ ‘ i ‘ ‘ ' ‘ ' ‘ ‘ ‘ ' x THIS PROGRAM CALCULATES VALUES OF NX, N-PHI AND M-PHI AT MID SPAN AND VALUES OF NX-PHI AT TRAVERSE PHI IS MEASURED FROM LEFT EDGE UPTO CROWN JOSIE IGA OO EID IGA GOODIN QAO IIIT TYPE DECLARATION..... CHARACTER PROBXBO REAL C,CL ,ANPO DIMENSION BTA(4,4) ,BTB(4,4) , XXA(4 4), XXB (4,4) ,XXC(4 4), + XXD (494) AAA C494) 2DSL (424) DERG 24) CCE (4 94) + smst (4,43 ,pp0 <4 43 DOL (4,45 DDR (4,4) (eee (4.43 + 5mDS (434) 3BCAR (20.21) H(3),9(5) ,215,4) sTREssis) DATA BTA,BTE.XXA}XXB.XXC,XXB AAA DSL DSR ,CCC71460k0 .07 pata Smst,pDb ppt poe eee ,Smbs/9hx0 57 DATA BCAR/420k0 .07 Bate Hoss 2 cSTRESSIPR/ZQXO.0/ OPEN (i Picd= exact -pat > OPEN (2 3FILE= ENACT /OUT”) JESS C IOI III HOC IOTEDIDOINOR ICAO TIDE GO ACO OIE IDE INPUT VARIABLE IDENTIFICATION... * * * * SPAN OF THE SHELL (FT) * RADIUS (FT) * THICKNESS OF THE SHELL (FT) * SEMICENTRAL ANGLE (DEGREE) * DEAD COAD (PSF OF SHELL SURFACE) * LIVE LOAD (PSF OF SHELL SURFACE) * * * * * * * * * * * HEIGHT OF THE EDGE BEAM (FT) WIDTH OF EDGE BEAN (FT) TYPE OF SHELL (SEE BELOW... FOR SINGLE SHELL WITHOUT EDGE BEAM. FOR SINGLE SHELL WITH EDGE BEAM. FOR MULTIPLE SHELL WITHOUT EDGE “Beam. FOR MULTIPLE SHELL WITH EDGE BEAM, JOBSITE SEIS IOC OCGOTTOEIIIDE OOO CTO IDE READ INPUT DATA TPR=IPR+L WRITE (6,666) 1PR 666 FORMAT('START SOLVING SHELL NO." ,13) ) * * * * * * * ¥ * * * * * * * * * ¥ * * * * * 1 * * * * ) baQaDE sPHIC DL JL Tp2 ,TB1 J ITYPE 1 pete ee tar Part Type Re" sere, Dia) FS. .s PHI j£6.2, aie R28, types te 1 Pe eat oa IF ETYPE CEG 24 078 BEF HANNS 5 /LKG . /DI NRE. OK 125 «JUNE. /RHORKE 292 CONVERSION TO SCHORER THEORY IF THE SHELL IS LONG... TF OXLR.GE.PI) XKP=0.0 ROOTS OF THE CHARACTERSTIC EQUATION... aL RHON KS « 0103 5 /XLNIRE TP OXLR.GE P15 XNX=XNXHRHOWRS. 1.4142 = AL uw a ¢ $¢ 4 as eS + $s . 3 ad og ct ¢ ga ~ af ae = te 5 Rez x x a =f Baa ar cE x & san oF g& a zx Sadat = xR £7 5 Sta! Ot & ho sa Bia - eo! c00e rac quux o a Seae a edema se sans mame Sa secre eae ese asada 0l= ges clei queuducu aqacae nnmuau SHEKSeSS geee eee an na naan nama MEMBRANE FORCES AND DISPLACEMENTS... S00 ak 30 40 mari pis SUM ANXPO=ANXPASIN(PC) RIX FOR STRESS RESULTANTS... DISTURBANCES FROM LEFT EDGE. ay. Booswowm SSDS Stoanmace Fane Pur bREne “Rot (3,3) CALL MATMUL (BTA, XXB BAA 54 54 54} CALC MATMUL (XXA AAA ;DSL 345454) TURBANCES FROM RIGHT EDGE... EXP (= =XXD ( XXD (1 CALL MATMUL (BTA, XXD CCC, 4 54 54) GALL MATMUL (XxA3CCE }DSR 343434) OF THE EFFECT OF TWO EDGES FOR STRESS RESULTANTS.. DO 30 11= SMST(IT, Hi =DSL(I1,JJ)-DSR(IT,JJ) BO 49 112344 DO_40_Ju= SHsttrTy30 J2DSL (11,99 )+DSR CIT ,99) 50 60 no"s 8 13 15 27 DISTURBANCE FROM RIGHT EDGE... CALL MATMUL (BTB,XXD ,EEE,4 44,4) CALC MATMUL (XXC JEEE ;DDR 545434) SUMMING UP THE DISTURBANCES FROM LEFT AND RIGHT EDGE... DO SO I1=1,2 DO 50 J9=154 SmD8 (11, JJS=DDL (II ,JJ)+DDR(IT, Jd) DO 60 11=3,4 DO 60 JJ=114 SMDS (11,JJ5=DDL (11 ,JJ)-DDR(II,JJ) GOTO’ 1010, 1020 1030 , 1040) I TYPE BOUNDARY CONDITION FOR A SINGLE SHELL WITHOUT EDGE BEAM... DO 11 Ja=1,4 BEAR (1530 )2SMST (4 Jd) DO 13 JJ=1,4 BCAR(2,Jd )2SMST(2,J0) DO 15_JJ=1,4 BCAR(3,JJ BCAR (335 DO 17 JI=144 BCAR (4, JI BCAR (435 GoTo 2000 BOUNDARY CONDITION FOR SINGLE SHELL WITH EDGE BEAM... DO 21 JJ=1,4 BCAR (1,03 MST (3, Ju) INPO MST C1 JJ) /SK ‘ANKPO MST (4 JI) MST (3.,.3J)kCP+SMST (2 ,JI) "SP NPOXCE, 1 BCAR (3 JJ )2-SMDS(1 JJ) /Sk+ (SMST (3 ,JJ)#SP-SMST (2 JJ) HCP) (TAL + BI RSKACN+SMST C1049 /SKK C1. /SK ERB 7700 /E+ (TAL /2. ESI ¥R2 KCN BCAR (3 )5)=XUO-ANPORSPRTAI /3 . KSKKCN-ANXPOX (1. /SKKK2 . /AA E+ (TAL/ + BIKSK AK. KCN)+TAL /2. SK RAP RCN DO 27 Jd=1,4 BCAR (4,30 )2SMDS (2 JJ) ¥CP—SMDS (3 JJ) KSP+CN# (SMST(3,JJ)#SP— + SMST (2397) xCP+SMSt 1 JG) *(TAL/22)) BCAR (4 35) = KWORCP+ XVOXSP-CNK (ANPORSP+ANXPOXSK (TAL /2.)-WP) GOTO 2000 * 4 BOUNDARY CONDITION FOR MULTISHELL WITHOUT EDGE BEAM.... * 1030 DO 31 Ja= aL BCAR (1 ,JI CP+SMDS (2,33 xSP BCAR (135) SP DO 33 JJ=1,4 33 BCAR(2,JJ )2SMST (3 JJ) #SP-SMST (2 ,JJ)*CP BCAR (2 }5)=-ANPOKSP DO 35_JJ=1,4 35 BCAR(3,JJ)2SMST(1 JJ) BCAR (3 35)=-ANKPORSK DO 37 JJ=1,4 37 BCAR (4,33 )25MDS (4 ,JJ) GOTO 2000 * yf BOUNDARY CONDITION FOR MULTISHELL WITH EDGE BEAM. ... 1040 DO 41 Ja= aL BCAR (1 JJ )2-SMDS(1 Jd) /Sk+ (SMST (3 JJ) #SP-SMST (2 JJ) KCP) + BeDRSKACNSSMST (1 IG) /SKK C1. 7/SKRNB?/AA/E+ (TAI /2 ASK) ERE BCAR (1,5 )=XU0-ANPO#SPRTAL /2 . KSKKCN-ANKPOK (1. /SKKHE. /A8 71 + BLkSK KE KCN )+TAI/2. XSKKWP HCN DO 43 JJ=1,4 43 BCAR (2,33 )2SMDS (2 JJ) XCP—SMDS (3,.JJ) #SP+CNX (SMST (3 JJ) #SP- + — SMST(23JI)xCP+SMSt (1 JS) #(TAL/22)) BCAR (2 35) =— KWO#CP+XVOXSP-CNK (ANPONSP+ANXPOXSK (TAL /2.)-WIP) DO 45_Ja=1,4 45 BCAR(3,JJ)2SMDS(3,JJ )xCP+SMDS (2, JJ) "SP. BCAR (3 }5)=-XVOXCP*kWOKSP DO 47 Jd=1,4 47 BCAR (4,30 )2SMDS(4 JJ) we SOLUTION OF ARBITRARY CONSTANTS FROM THE BOUNDARY CONDITIONS... 2000 * CALCULATIONS FOR STRESS RESULTANTS.. WRITE (3,130) 130 FORMAT ( TB, PHI’ ,T20, NX’ ,T32, "NX-PHI’ ,T44, ‘N-PHI’,TS9, M-PHI' 174; G-PHI "> +t ;STRESS (1) ,STRESS (3) ,STRESS(4) © BS SS & S > Q © : 2 g g : a 8 a > z zo ¢ a a x & GS = z 5 g = gs x & a = = = G t 5 ak z a ¢ B a) eS ~68 a z ae a as ¥ ce A = = SE = Fo 2 - om x 75 < SLO 9 aad = 0 wa t 2 Ch Ga! a ae < a =o 8 eS ON > aa 5 - oO ® AZ go! Zee = 2 Wy eS Fare a < 5 tae ° So oun an S~ 5 + ¢ E ta Ses Saiz oo & = a 5 7 xeSe eax ay, a : & ze xare Son zane 5 OS S pe RO x . 5a ome a Sa Bo : a SN a8 E eS 5 Zeu a oe a ayy ok & « OrzZ we “ 5a o Goze ee x B25 x use SE Emmers oo roa < cuz © & Bane EGo BESS a San chaz yeZ~ne roa ~a NG i Fa6 25 So0u¢5 ore SmBgooVou Fdou FUzau or ougows tou toLe 5 oo * a CAaREE Gam BassaacasxsasksGOMar cos se EWURMOBeE tee tee ++ 2 22 9 on an 3 85 a n BO 3 ° one om 9 = BR Hom So “ a ane ¢ & 2. Program BEAMTH : Solution of cylindrical shells by beam-theory XIII IEAOTINIDIOIIIOEE OCG CEIOIDID IDI OOOO CCBIOCOIDDINI OAT IO ¥ ANALYSIS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELLS BY BEAM THEORY. JOO OOOO IOR OC CCOCTDIIOEER IOC GOTO OOOO II THIS PROGRAM IS DEVELOPED AS A PART OF THE FOURTH VEAR THESIS PROJECT UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF DR. ALAMGIR HABIB PROGRAM DEVELOPED BY, : : : : : : : : : : : : KHON MALMUD aMANAT : Soe eae envi : : : : : : : : : : : : * * * x x ® * * * * SEC-B. ROLL-77 * DEPTT: GF CIVIL ENGG. x BuET 280100 10 1000000 200 00 220002200 2 x * * x x * THIS PROGRAM CALCULATES VALUES OF NX, N-PHI_AND M-PHI AT MID-SPAN AND VALUES OF NX-PHI AT TRAVERSE PHI IS MEASURED FROM LEFT EDGE UPTO CROWN JERS GODIN EICAGECCCCTIOINIDA IORI CACO COCA IOI OTTO DIMENSION X (02500) ,¥ (02590) ;LEN(Q:500} ,DNXP (S00) + (02250) ,VV(0 1250) MS (02250 } ;DS (02250) DY (03250) 1DZ(0:250) + 4Hx(02255) VY (02254) , XNXI (02250) , XNKP110:250) ,1K120,2) + XMP1 (02250), XNPT (02250) , XNOI (02350) ,THK (02500) REAL LEN, TVY jLTH,KjU MYY NX NXP >MS,LGAD ,MOMT ,NPHI ,IY1 COMMON /$1/01B/S2/%,V, IVY 28 ,D CEN ;LTH/33/K COMMON /84/TE/S5/DNKP 2H ,VW MS ,BL SU {DS DY .DZ,HX,VY COMMON 786 /LOAD MOMT/29 7HI WT S87 THE TST /89/1V1 7781 /S10/9T CHARACTER 1 T (S047. TORT, TYPERG. PRORTHOO /OROGEKEOSPROBSS OO DATA TT/ NX", NX-PAI’ MOMENT”) /NOPHIy 'OOPHI "7 OPEN (1 ,FILE='NEW.DAT’) OPEN (33F ILE= "NEW -OUT’) Bee 223 300 20 35 15 101 13 10 WRITE (2,3) Ca Dt, THET SL HIT WED, TYPE F682 Re’ 56622, °"D1=! FS. 3s . Nre?es 2B reg INGLE * MULTIPLE * 321415926 /180 .) THET ,THET, .S N(XIN/180 .*3.1415926) 1S ( XIN/180 *3 11415926 )-R NT(XID)) .£Q. 0.0 .AND.XIA .LE. (THET ) ) THEN NT«XIAD DM et connc rg Mote EMO IE