You are on page 1of 290
EL PASO HIGH SCHOOL HISTORIC STRUCTURES REPORT / BUILDING EXTERIOR FINAL Prepared for 1 Paso Independent School Distriet March 7, 2019, Nine Degrees Architecture + Design, Inc. / Genslar EL PASO HIGH SCHOOL HISTORIC STRUCTURES REPORT / BUILDING EXTERIOR, ‘TABLE OF CONTENTS HISTORIC STRUCTURES REPORT Executive Summary Introduction Chapter Assessment Terra cota Brick Fenestrations erin Sai Chapter2~ Assessment Reports~ Stubbs Engneerng, Structural Stal Evaluation, Jn 29, 2019 Chapters ‘Chapter Opinion of Probable Cost, rls, Future Project and Maintenance APPENDIX 2 [AL Historie Sigaiieance ofl Paso High School History of I Paso High Schoo! Selected bulding Cronology Trost Trost areitete ‘2, Historic Designations and Documentation Peso High School Nationa Reglster Nomination, 1962 Paso High School iy of E Paso Resolton for Historie Reglster, 1981 E1Pato High School Rerordad Texas itor Lansinarh Nomination, 2015, ‘AS, Secretar ofthe Interiors Standards and Definitions ‘84, Methodolgy = moved from ntrodution (per rene) A. Prior Reports ané Documentation Reporton Exterior Wal Surface Conditions at El Pasa High Schoo, Garlnd & Miles, October 1983 ‘The Amerlan Schoo Board Journal, 1917 article about the new El Pato High Schoo) £1 aso High School Rapa & Replace Steps on Viegila Street Construction Documents, BillZarn Architect. January 7, 2013, ‘A. Blblography AT, Trost Trost rewirgs (1914: ‘Design Foor Pans, 4 drawings. No date. Construction Documents 25 drawings. November 14,1914 Stadium las, 3rawings. No dat Retaining wal drawings, 4 drawing. No date APPENDIX 2 17, Assessement Documentation, September 28,2018 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Paso High Schools recognized statewise as the crown jewel of Paso Independent School Districts shoo. The igh schoo isknown forts academic succes, succesful students, alumni, the bulng's remarkable architecture and as one ofthe most welt known and beloved Trost & Trost buldngsin Texas. The school has retained its historic character over the last one-hundred pls years ands well positioned to retain Insprominent place in Paso history for generations to come. ‘These results ofthe Hitork tuctres Reports nedepth asessment ae nvendes toast het Vat0 Independent Schoo! District understand the buildings current condtion, the recommendations for treatment and identity scape of future work needed atthe buildings exterior. Prlarites and posible phases for fture ‘work ar included forthe Schoo Distr sein planning for futur projects ‘Acitional, an Opinion of Probable Cost for this works alto provided, Thisinformatin wll provide El Paso ‘Schoo! District with information to adress the cost ofthis restoration and repae wark needed! and consider posible phases and sources fr such funding. -Atetsmant ofthe Bullding Exterior ‘The Historie Structures Reports includes two major tasks assessment and reseerch and focused onthe erterir elements and materials ofthe stoi €l Paso High School. The assessment concentrated on ‘entiving and understanding the exterior features and material of the El aso High Scho! with the goa of stabiing and/or inhibiting future deterioration ofthese materials through conservation efforts. The assessment reviewed the major exterior features and materia Terracotta + Thebriek ‘+ Structural conlton ofthe exterior stairs = Sterior windows 1+ Bderlor Doors ‘The asessment found thatthe exterior of the histori igh schol buldng sn vemarkable condition for 2 bling of ts age, with selected areas and materals experianced damage or deterioration ~ which s expected in a substantia storie buldng. Research focused onthe history ofthe bullding and of its material and features, ts exiginal construction in 1915-1916, changes made since its original consrtion=incuding replacement of tere cota and brick and other maintenance and apital projects. This research has provided = beter understanding of changes {hat have occurred to the building overtime and how these have affected ts condition, sometimes fr better and sometimes for worse. The Information learn from the esearch contributed to the recmmendtions for treatment ofthese materials and conditions. sone of El Pat's andthe School Dsrce’ most sigficant Nine DearesArehtecture + Oesig, nc» Gensler storie buildings, the recommendations compl with the Secretary ¢f the Interiors Stondorde for Aehabittation (reler to Appendix 1 for Information regarding these standards) ‘The assessment reviewed detals ofthe features including terra cots and brick at exterior walls, balustrade and balconies, entablatures and other locations. Most of the brick and tera cotta are in god condition, but some areas and features have been affected by several sues ~ damage from molsture or water penetration, limitations due tothe original design proximity te pedestrian vafficand poor maintenance decisions inthe past. The terra cotta and brckare clay based products and canbe afected by maletre inflating Into the softer, lay core. When thishappens, the clay expands and/or deterorates, This vile particule rom terra cotta elements that have expanded slighty and sited fom tei orginal locaton an in tur, creates ‘edtional areas for moisture penetration. There are two major areas where the orignal design hss, over time, has resulted in adverse effects tothe billing ~ the balustades atthe fst oor and the rof parapet and the exterior stairs; refer tothe Assessment chapter fr detalledinformation. Tera cota well made product, but in areas where itis easly acessible to the people (sta wall t ground floor wal) thas suffered from physial contact ver the years. Several proc elforts st maintenance and protection have Instead had an adverse effort the terra cotta and bricktandbaing graff and cating ofthe terra ott Opinion of Probable Cost ‘An opinion of Probable Cost fo restoration of the ulding exterior was provided by sls and Company. This costing effort was based onthe recommendations forthe bul eterior included in the Historie Structures Report neuding: + Restoration of the terracotta + Restoration of the brick + Structural reps tothe exterior stale + Replacement ofthe exiting windows ‘+ Replacement of esting doors ‘+ Associated General Coritions including Scaffolding, swing stages and mesns and methods to _accomplsh the construction Discussions were held between Gals and Company, Nine Degres ard Genser tofuly understand the ‘onstruction approach to adress these restoration efforts and the mplenes involved in such projects — theneed for replacement terra cotta and brick to match the exghal approaches to complete this work on & tightsite that may or may nt be occupied, coordination withthe soo! about how t lit dsruption to the staf and students, phasing approaches and move. t's recogized tat the actual project wll require high level of coordination withthe Schoo! District to sucessfully complete ths project. ‘This Opinion of Probable Costas Included a contingency which s appropriate or bath the complexity ofthe work, the anticipated need to accommodate some level of continued use of the school during at last part of the construction projec not al, and similar related project cass As the El Pas School District continues planting for the project an refines these needs, the contingency wil be adjusted accordingly Paso High Schoo Historie Structures Report a ‘The Opinion of Probable Cost identified a cost of $15,355 00 forthe work, with the following breakdown: “Terra Cota repalr, replacement and clearing $4,650,317 Brick repair replacement and cleaning $636,775, Exterior Stars structural and architectural repairs S761 Window Replacement $2,991,370 oor Replacement 351277 Removal of cementitious coatings from tera cotta 36,036 3. Cost of Work (COW) General Conditions $1,298,799 Project Contingency 52,527/886 Contractors General Conditions, Overhead & Profit, Bondsete. $2,715,770 tal Opinion of Probab Cost, $15,385,000 ine Degrees Architecture + Design managed the over project andi the fed assessment ofthe building In the surnmer of 2018. Gensler provide architectural pecervation service and led the development ofthe Historie Structures Report. Both firms worked closely together to fully understand the design, construction and conditions ofthe histori building during this effort, Priorities Priorities forte varius scopes of work are based onthe following: + Utesfety ‘Treatment of sctve deterioration of materi nd features General eatment of material and = Thebuling's appearance ‘The piories for treatment follow blow. 1. Terra Cotta Restoration Restoration of the exterior tera cotta and replnting mortar shouldbe the top priory, Wile much ofthe tera cota sin good conton there ae indidual elements and systems that are experiencing active deterioration incuding damaged ard broken terra cota elements at the balustrade systems. Delaying restoration of these trea cotta elements, systems and repointing ofthe mortar wil allow further deterioration, resulting nan expanded scope ad inereated cots inthe future. As eteroration continues, the lss of features and elements may become He safety sve ~such as balusters fang rom the balstrades onto the public right-of-way or public areas adjacent to the bulsing 2. Structural Repairs ofthe Exterior Sti “The exterior west, 2st and south stars have experienced movement over the decades, duet lack of an expansion joint where these meet the buldig. Later changes tothe adjacent grounds such asthe lawn srinkler system has ikely adversely affected this situation. This does not appear tobe an immediate lie safety issu, and i considered a mem srior, Paso High Sehool Histor Structures Report aa ine Degrees Architecture: Design ne Gensler 3. Restoration ofthe Brick ‘The restoration of the exterior rick and reointing mortar should be 2 low to medum rity. The ‘majority ofthe bricks in go eondtion but there are condtons tht require repair inladng cracke, broken, ising bricks a well as addressing the cause of efloretcence and staining ofthe bricks — which must be addressed to avold further deterioration. Aiton conditions are more cosmetcin nature such 2 stained or coated brie, prior replacement brick that do nat match the histori and similar work, While restoration ofthe brick nd repoining the mortar may net bea top priority now, consideration shouldbe vento completing thie workin conlinetion withthe ters cotta rertration fr tw reason: 1 Shared expenses for seaffolaing and acces to complet thi work, and + Corwenience to the School District of completing these two large projects at the same time 4. Replacement of Exterior Windows Replacement ofthe exterior windows snot an immediate concer and considered a ow priori, However, this work requires scatflding and it would both cos efient and easier forthe schoo's ‘operation for histo oecur as part of the restoration ofthe era cota and brick restoration, 5. Replacement of Exterior Doors Replacement ofthe exterior doors are also not an immeslate concern and considered 3 ow priority, In summary, the store Structures Report and the Opnion of Probable Cost provides the El Pato Independent Schoo! District with detailed Information about the El Pato High Schoo sconaltion, nd associated opinion of probable costs forthe restoration ofthe building exterior, for ut In planning forthe forthe restoration of this very Important facity under het stewardship Project Phasing ‘The recommendations for these priorities could be completed as on large pole, o as ndidsl projects There are obvious advantages to one large projet ~savingsincorts due to not dupleating supportive work forts such as erection of scaffolding, general conditions and avoiding duplicative effers suchas protection ‘ofthe materials outside the scope of one projec, posibly over multiple projects. The ather major «consideration wil be disruption to the schol during the school yer would occur would be minimized ths ‘would be one projec. However, fa sngle projects not feasible, the pistes listed previously serve as priorities for india project: ‘Restoration ofthe terre cotta 1 Restoration ofthe bre ‘© Suucturl reps to the exterior stare 1+ Replacerentof the existing windows 1 Replacement of existing doors {paso High Schoo! Historie Stctures Report as Nine Degree rcitecture + Deg Ine Gender Future Projects Fure project atE Paso High School that were outside the sape ofthis projet include: Replacement ofthe oof should include repait and restration ofthe histori tights) ‘Addressing water infitration inthe batement evels + eteror restoration As the onners of historle bldg. annual maintenance ofthe building snd is unique materials and features ae recommended to keep up’ with changing conditions that could have an adverse effect onthe bling not dented na timely manner. These Indude: ‘Annual review of the terra cotta and brick atthe walls bolustades and othe features, The drawings Included in Appenci 2 can serve asthe basis for this ‘Annual review of exterior doors and windows ‘Development of ‘Maintenance Standard for maintenance, repair and treatment of terracotta, brick, windows, doors, sidewalks, skylights, et. This should Include Bath techniques and appropriate materia. ‘nado, » Preservation Master lan that provides management, presenation and physical plan fr future workat the historic building and site should be considered, 12s High School Histor Structures Report as INTRODUCTION ‘The goal and intent of a Histor Strutures Report it to povide documentary, rephic and physal Information about a proper history and physical conéton. Considered an important part of areservation planning, histori structure report alo addresses the management ofthe property ands material. t rovides a thoughifl approach to understand the materials and thelr conditions as the fist step in ? Construction cost was reported to be $1.1 milion: Following this work in 188, other repairs to the tera eetta and grout have been made: some of these ae vsually un acceptable The tera cota on the bullding i instal in two ferent methods elements that are engaged inthe exterior brick was installed soll into the masonry without metal anges or support, and those that are part of an assembly with a metal support system such asthe entabature, gable pediments, alustrades and balconies “and andes Arche, Repo on Eta Wo Sufoe Conds at Peso gh Scho ne 1983, Couey Paso Preservation sa Ths report sinned hat Were werebeseen severnen ad eeiuen heard ade pees re +o Sema, Watt peal Conair of merc, meting, November 18,201, "ac enear pte wt rersinnve tabi Neon ard nte hey ong had the fe ths 185 work atoueh ‘eval ofthe mare sti ampoyeesenembe the projec Coneraton wth cesar Nove 72038 <2 Pso igs sic ogee obese paso oa Tey, Fakunry 28,198,918 {Paso High School Historie Structures Report at Nine Degrees Arentecture + Design, Ine + Genser “Most othe tera cota elements ar in god condition, although many of elaments have minor damage, which ‘mot unusual for tera cotta Installation that ae over a hundred years od. Other damage includes broken ox loss of material broken or badly damaged eloments, mortar loss, water sal, water damage, coatings (paint or ‘cementitious, graft, prior replacement, pror mortar replacement and other domages;detaled information ‘ofthese areas follows. ‘racked Terra Cotta elements Description and Condition ~ crackin tera cotta ranges from minor shrinkage racks to wider cracks that allow ‘water lfitration inside the war balding. ecarmmendations~ Shrinkage an sila cracks that are not allowing moisture infitration into the unitor the wall ae typialy eft united, However, cracks that allow water inftration tothe tra cotta units or wal shouldbe repaired and the tera cota recoated. Cracking atthe top rang of alustades and bleonies are particulary problematic as they low moisture lfltraion into these assembles and their metal support, which results in deterioration of other units. Sue eracks shoud be repaired ifsmal andi larger may esuire replacement ofthe terra cotta unt. ‘Crack at terra cotta cap at balustrade Narrow cracks at era cotta unit at face and underside of baeany oss of Material or Finish _Desrpton and Contin ss of tera cota often occurs a sight damage to unit from contact incioding ‘ouching) with peopl, tems o debris during storms affecting the ish and often ares ofthe clay below the Anish, Areas of loss vary fom sight to malorin sae Recommendation toss of materials small its acceptable to leave this conlton unaltered, unles there tive deterioration of the unt (nish o cay tha allows mstue to penatrate the element. Areas of argar loss of finish and exposed clay allows mosture Intrusion into the terra cotta element or assembly, and potential damage to the assembly’s metal support system or mortar; these shouldbe repaired. Paso High School Historie tructures Report us Nine Oegres rchitactore + Desig, Ine + Genser Los of finish at tera ota, with day te sibie below. Damaged exposed edges fers crta nts Broken or badly Damaged Terra Cotta elements Description and Condition ~ there ae several broken or severely damaged tera cotta element athe builing ‘balustrades atthe second flor, balconies and the root. The damages range fom mlnor crack to lrg cracks in balustrade caps that extend across te ful terra cotta unit and allows wate intrusion into the entire balustrade, ‘Recommendations ~ many ofthe minor cracks are due to natural tress crack in era cotta and ae ypcally acceptable unless they allow moisture infitation Into the elemento inthe base of entabatur or balcony systems. Larger eracs and broken tere cotta ties typically allow moistre infiltration and will ged tobe ‘replaced Refer to Terra Cotta Replacement. ‘1 Paso High School itor strictures Report as [ina Dograae Arhitecture + Deg, ne» Gender Damaged orbroken terracotta atbakony support Broken tara cots at abahtrade Shifted terracotta elements _escroton and Condition terracotta elements and installations are designed to withstand small areas of ‘setlement, However, when building settlement or expansion of individual tera cots elements (ypicaly| ‘caused by mosture Infration) occur, natal era cota elements wi move OU of place ti scaled hing. When this shifting occurs, it often results in oss of mortar and exposes the elements or substrate ‘below to water inftration. This has occurred at several locations atthe balustrade caps dv to compression of ‘the top cap. Refer to ‘Balustrades. ‘Recommendations fist, the underying reason fr shitng ofthe tera cotta elements sheuld be identifed nd ‘corrected. Once ths is accomplished the terracotta element should be removed and repled Torracotatlehae shied up due tocomprecion etal of shied lement ight te eno longerin, Fromboth des slignmentsnaiiphar than the end (ef slomant 1Pa10 High Schoo! Wistrle Sttures Report aay Nine agree rehitacture + Deg, Ines Gender Applied Coatings ~ Paint ‘ererotan and Condition - several tera cota elements hava heen painted: this appears ohave been done to ‘Protect damaged areas or toblend in withthe adjacent colors which has not been sceestul ‘Recommendotions~the prefered veatmentsthe cermoval of the applied paint without damaging the histor dazed fish of the terra cotta, Specialized cleaning or removal) products for masonry and tera cata are ‘valable that are spec othe condition. Many are formulated to dean speefic elements (olor other based paints, etc). However, removal ofthe plnt snot possible witha eeaning product, option incide refinishing these terracotta elements or replacement ofthe tera cotta element. The treatment and poeible ‘removal ofthese costings should comply with the Secretory of the interior Standards for Rehabiltaton. Inno Instance should igh pressure cleaning (over 400 ps sandblasting or caustic materials be wed on terra cotta ce mortar Refer to Terra Cota Replacement below, ‘Applied Coatings Cementitious Description and Condition ~® numberof terra cotta elements have had cementhlous coatings applied inthe past. Most have occurred at elements that are of-clor or damaged It apzears that this was an attempt to recoat the entre element to biend in with the adacent colors which wasnet successful, The most prevalent ‘occurrence ithe yellow cementitious costing which may have occurred inthe mid-1980s; this was either visually unacceptable when installed or has faded with ime tots curren calor ~ which i several shades lighter than the egal ta color ofthe resto the terracotta Thisiea very hard coating and has adhered wellto the terra cotta rsh iis not known if thi canbe removed. This coating was typically apple to entire elements but aio occasionally to ust one area ~ often Ina rectangular shape ~ of Ididua elements. Thishas occured ‘on dozens not hundreds of bling elements ands visually unacceptable Later application of grey cementitious coating has been applied to terra cota tikes, and often ontop of the vellow cementitious cating: ths appears to have been applied over areas of damage. This brushed applcation ‘was very sloppy, and the brushstrokes ae til visible Since thie 3 ightercoor, apple in smaller amounts some aeasare not 2 noticeable wil others ae sual unacceptable. Aecommendtions~the preferred weatment isthe removal ofthe cementtious coating without damaging the histori trra cotta element’ enor or lae. Specialized cleaning (or removal product for maronry and terra ‘cota are avaliable that ae specific to conditions sir to masonry cleaning products, many are formulated to lean specific elements olor other based paints, cementitious coating, ec). However, If emoval of these coatings is not possible, options include efnishing or replacement ofthese tera cota elements. The treatment and posible removal ofthese coatings should comely with the Secretory ofthe Interiors Standorde {for Rehabilitation. In eo instance shoud high-pressure clening (over 400 fi), sandblasting o caustic materials ‘be used on tere cota or mortar. Refer to Terra Cotta Replacement’ below. Consultation - consultation with an architect, contractor and product representative with experience In working wit terra cotta, coatings and spcilized clearing products isa necessary component ofthis for. LP ato High Schoo! Mitr Structures Report as Nine Degree Arcitectre+ Design, Inc Ganslr Consideration should be gven ta conducting n early vestigation thats ‘tril and error tase to determine the following: “+ Ascass what treatments to remove comentitiout coatings wil ane ll not work ‘+ Assess the range ofthese conditions to decide what conditions are acceptable and what are not. The ‘ange ofthese contions shouldbe identified fom the mast sever entire tere cotta elements with yellow cementitious coatings) olssconspluous applications (smaller areas of brushed on ge¥ coatings). These should be documented (photographed), reviewed and a decison make asto what ‘areasmay remaln smaller aeas ofthe grey coating) versus those areas that needto be corrected. The location of elements should also be taken ito consideration and all declons dosamented. ‘This consultation could occur soon, tallow adequate ime for experimentation and review there are any short or medium-term consequences. The result of these tess shouldbe documented in port form that ‘could bacome part of» specietion forth antiipsted rettoration projec. ‘Applied cemetious gray coating ovr portion of of era cotta element assumed to coverup los of finish) ‘and painted cementousqray cating over eather Examples ol tera cota elements with applied yellow ypolow cementitoo costing ‘cemenitions coating Paso High Schoo Hite structresNeport as Nie Degree Aechitactre «Das, Ine = Gersler ‘Color Variation Description and Condition ~ since tera ents 2 natural material sgh variations inthe colors between ‘elements son of the admired characteristics, These color iffrences canbe due to distribution af base color ‘or spectles inthe th the base clay color, temperature inthe fring process or from manufacturing ferences. Pieces made at itferent times may havea sghtly ferent shades from the adjacent shapes. Thi {common atthe corer barel shapes photo following) When viewed from a distance these miner color ifferences become pat ofthe bullding’ patna “rama of he alightydarer an ofl the comer rel shapes. "ote that some. the yellow elamantshave an applied comantlou canting ‘Stalning ~from water or rust ‘escrption and Conon ~ areas of terracotta elements have been stained by moisture or water infitration {rom above; these typically occur at tera cotta cading at window heads, nels, balustrades or ther tr ‘This staining includes residues from deteriorated tera cata clay accumulated dit and rust from deteriorated steel supports within the tera cotta assembly, o other materials ‘Recommendotions ~since his condition is du to water with ely residue, dt oust itraion fom era ‘cotta assembles above, the tlning wil continue untilthe source ofthis inftratin i identified and corcectd, _Ater correction ofthe soureeof staining the terra cata and mortar can then be eeaned. In areas where stalin from clay residue o dr, cleaning may be possible. However, inareae where ruststaining may have ‘penetrated the ish, ths may not beable to be uly removed. Refer to Terra Cotta Cleaning below. Paso High Schoo Historie Structures Repo 120 ine Degrees Areitestre + Design Ine 1 Geraer Balustrades Description and Contin ~The terra cotta raling atthe edge ofthe fs floor balconies and rot eotnice and parapets are known as balustrade, and they 2re comprised of lower horizontal al, balusters shor eolumn, 8 top al (or cp) and pedestals that divide the balustrades nto sectons. The pedestals provide intermediate structural support over the entre length of the balustrade, These balustrads and cornices) are the most complex tera cotta applcations atthe bulldg Salusades are a major character defining feature ofthe bullding and occur a: ‘+ Narrow balconies above the oor below; these occur a the fst floor atthe schoo, tthe north, and west facades. rot below that occur in building form change tthe fistflor. These accu atthe west facade, wit a separation atthe stir and also tthe north arade. ‘Balconies that project rom the bull: these orcur over secondary entrances anda the center of the end protruding bays on most fecades, ‘tthe cornice, where they area major feature of ths element and provide a barrie st the edge of 2 root The balusrades atthe high school area tera cota “balustrade system with terracotta elements that are «connected by metal frame that run down the hellow canter ofthe top rll and connected t the rick pier. This Is assembled atthe ste as the terracotta elements and brik plers are halle, While this is good system, the erga istalations atthe st Noor beanies lack opportunites for expansion at several conditions 4. Over time, terra cotta elements often absorb moisture As the base materials lay there are ‘epportunities for these elements to expand. This isa factor parteualy atthe top als 2. Brick plers occur at approximately 25'to30' spacing and are supported and connected) tothe tothe structural sla 3. ‘The terra cotta top rll ends at the side ofthe brick ple. There ae nat soft or contro jin between the pers andthe top ral. Itty this balustrade system worked wel for decades, However, the fist flor, malsture has penetrated the tera cotta top ral elements overtime. As these ae hollow, moisture could collect Inside ths hollow void, and be absorbed ino the terra cotta elements, which then expanded, With this expansion and movement several things happened —the top ofthese tera cotta top ras racked in linear manne, allowing more moisture to penetrate the tera cota balustrade. These expanded top rails ako expanded between the fad piers, resting in adetion movement atthe top al elements shifting or alowing further racking. Overall, ‘most of the terracotta top ral exhibit crating shifting taining ral elements, holes inthe top ofthese ‘ements and ather damage. The horizontal tet bar that run through the op ral le visble or ean be accessed ‘byhand, and in most locations exhibits severe rusting, In adltion to this top ral contin, the individual balusters below the top rll were pinned int the top and bottom ral this served a flexible connection and was designed to allow small movement. As thee top all [Poco High School Histare Structures Report. aa Nine Degrees Architecture + Desig, Ine + Genser lements have moved (many upwardly) these balusters have become loose and several canbe easily removed from thelr location, ‘As noted above, the damage described above sarge confined tothe balestrades and balconies atthe rst- flor level. The belestrades atthe roof corice ae not as constrained for movement and do not appear to have Incurred as much damage. However, movement has occurred an balstersin some areas have azo become loose. Several balusters can easly be removed from hee ection, Recommendations 2s this condition is also due to water iflretion and has kely ocurred over the pat few decades this wl continue, and deterioration wil increase Fis, these balustrades shouldbe reviewed a more deta to catalog the saver of damage a each location and discuss opportunites for minor repair and replacement ofthe démagad terra cota, ele further recommended that one section should be dismantled for nvetigation ofthe folowing: ‘+ How isthe see within the top all connected tothe per? s there an opportunity for histo be adjusted toallow movement? + Cana control joint be located betwen the pler andthe top ral? ‘+ Isthere any moce damage to terra cotta units than what ae currently ble? ‘To beter understand this condition itis recommended thet one section (between pies) shouldbe esmantied and investigated to address the above question ad further understand ths conten =3ommy, Diagram of baler components {Peso High School Historic Structures Report az Nine Denes fvhitectute+ Design, Ine + Genser bottom rail Ss {slstrade a the roof these arin better condition Bahsrade tea cotta eapthathas broken duet lack of Aan the bletedes we fees expansion opzortunty, with open ap now allowing rmabtureinttera cata ca, Paso High School irk stuctures Report an Nine Dgreae Aehiteture = Dag, ne» Gensler Entablature (Cornice) Description ond Condition - the entalature, or ornee, isthe entire horizontal band of element 3 the wal/rofine end above the column capital atthe pedments. The entablature isthe most decorative component ofthe school building andi composed ofthe architrave frieze (hrizntal decorative band) and comic (the projected molding) The entablatre i comprised ofa series of tera cota pleces that are connected tothe buldng structure steel framework secures ths system of tera cota elements together. Repair Work was conducted at much of the entablature inthe 1985 restoration and itappears to bein good ‘ondion fon manner monitor thee cnn and tety I "movement or other signs of deterioration are observed, the removal of selected areas to review the condition ofthe supporting ste! secommended. Diagram of enabiature support Source: Deal, ‘Architectural Terre Cotta, Charles. White, 1920, Courtesy of National ark Service, Preservation rif 17 The Preservation of Historie lated Areutectural era cota 1979 Central Pavilion and Pediment ‘The most impressive festa 3 the choo the Canral Pavillon andi Daiment— closes architecture ‘element consisting ofa triangular section o gable placed above the entrab ature, and supported by columns. -Apeaiment ian arhitectral element found particulary in dati, neccsscel nd baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of» gable, usualy of atrlangulr shape, placed above the horizontal structure of ‘the entabature, types eupported by clumas paso High Schoo! Historie Structures Report a2 Nine Degrees fveitecture+ Desig, Ie» Genser Loss of Mortar Description and Condition Iss of mortar accusn selected areas ofthe exterior wal, and often n conjunction with terra cotta deficiencies and movement. Such lss of morta allows moisture to enter the tera cota element, resulting in deterioration of abjacet terracotta and futher deterioration ofthe adjacent matar. ‘Separation of mortar from the terracotta element Ith ist step In mortar allure and is typically found in ‘older mortars. Mortar shrinkage creates a smal gap between the mortar andthe tra cott above or below) and the mertar joint no longer functions as intended. ‘Recommendations ~ these areas of mortar less or separation should be reponted with mortar that matches the ‘olor and ttre ofthe Natori mortar. Loss of mortar above and below bale {oso arta in verte oints {Paso High Schoo! Histor structures Report as Nine Degrees Whitacre + Desig te» Geral loss of mortar below sil elrant Repointing—General ‘Te recommendations for treatment of mortar at terra cotta elements and assembles are consistent with conditions addressed above loss of morta, loose mortar or peor repointing with mara af afferent color. ‘Background for reponting ot historic buildings he standard approach when reporting store building Is ‘that new mortar should match the compressive strength ofthe Nstarie mortar to alg with the strength ofthe ‘terracotta elements. As buldings settle, a higher strength mortar would remain in place forcing the ower- strength historic terra cotta to crack a fal such allure would appear as small cracks that need to be ‘epaced. Historic mortars had lower compressive strengths dv to lower cement proprtions~ often Type N (750 ps or Type 0 (350 ps) mortar types. However, the Ei Paso High Schoo bung has had numerous ‘repointing efforts averse, with most ofthese made with cement mortar instead of the ime-based mortar ‘used inks arigal construction. This newer, higher strength cement mortar doesnot appear to have adversaly effected the historic tera cota or bricks at his time, ‘Recommendotons for Repoiting Mortar ~ the exterior terra cotta shoud be reviewed for mortar oss, ‘deteriorated mortar and mertar thats an unacceptable calor. These areas of unacaptable mortar shoul be ‘removed and repointed. New mortars composition, color, texture and strength shuld be consistent withthe ‘compressive strength of the typical mortar a the bulding withthe following tet conducted: + Samples of ‘typical mortars that are functioning wel shouldbe analyzed fo strength by compressive teste, + Amarea of acceptable mortar (coor, texture) shouldbe analyzed for competion by petrographic analysis ‘This information canbe used to develo samples and guide the mix design for new marta. New mortar shoul be consistent with the Secretary ofthe Interiors Standards for Rehobltation, andthe National Park Services’ Preservation Brie No.2 Repointing Mortar Joints in Histone Masonry Buildings. 1 Paso High Schoo! Mitre Structures Repo 126 Nine DegreceAeitectre + Design Ine Geer Deszription ond Conltons terra cotta atthe bul exterior shouldbe given a genera ight clesring to remove dirt accumulation particulary atthe more ornate terra cota elements, reas that are not subject to rain ona regular basis as wel as elements where staining has occured, Greo cave shoul be taken to not damage the masoncy unto its rsh, In addition to general leaning, this section applies to several ofthe treatments described above. Consistent withthe Seretary ofthe Interiors Standard for Rehabiltation and the Nationa Park Series Preservation Bef No. 2— Cleaning and Water replnt Treatments for Hitorie Masonry Buildings, cleaning shouldbe fst done With the east intrsive method avaliable which for tera cotta is werm water. This should be hand applied with garden hose operated ata low-pressure (00 ps This should be adequate for most areas ofthe ullding 25 part ofthe general deaning For treatments above where this isnot effective and require adtonal levels of Clearing, the use of mild household detergents and avery sot brite brush may be use. ths snot effective, the use of masonry cleaning products for tera cota should be utlized consultation with an architect and/or radoct representative with experince working with historic terracotta should occur. All deaning approaches shouldbe tried on a small res of rckin an inconspicuous location fst Inno instance should high-pressure cleaning (ver 400 pi), sandblasting tif or mata brushes or other tools, strong aclés or caustle materials be used on tera cotta or mortar. Terra Cotta Replacement escrption and Contin ~ Replacement of damaged of tera cottaclements Is always dificult. However, replacement of damaged terracotta elements is 2 common approach tothe preservation ofthe exterior lading of histori bulldings with tera cotta and erica wo extending the fe ofthe bung De tots hollow construction, maderate o severely damaged terr cotta units will continue to deteriorate and typically must be eplaced to prevent further deterioration that coud impact adjacent elements and masoncy structural walls Thisis of greatest concern when broken elements fave allowed molstae within the unit and damage tothe element has siready occurred or when tara cotta ements have lost ther strutural integrity. Examples ofthis occur at several places at the high school building particularly tthe Balustrades ralngs. Due to theihllow construction, itis not advise to replace haunts as the cut joint wil be suscepti to future moisture inflation ‘Recommendations - When histori terracotta olements are to be replaced, nin replacement uns of tera ‘ata provided by a reputable terracotta manufacturer ae recomirended, Replecement with precast concrete, ‘stone, fberss ane other mater re not recommended. The eostractr must also have a depth of ‘experience nthe replacement of terracotta on historic blldngs similar tothe complet and sie of the aso High School wes pesaton i dress water epee hs met racomenenie fri bulge, El paso High choo Historie structures Report ar Nine Degrees Architecture + Desa, nc + Genser ‘There ae several considerations involved inthe replacement of era cotta: * Considerable planing involved to enti the various terra cotta element type, and assemblies for ‘the balustrade, entablature, pediment, string courses ~al of which have multiple components and ‘meta supporting fabrication. ‘The selection ofthe fish colar (or enor) fer replacement terracotta replacement units is 2 mult- step proces that wll require the particpaton ofthe owner and architect Ths is 2 rile step inthe proces and intense consideration shouldbe gven to this 1+ While the existing era atta has avaietyof tan hues, moder terracotta une are more uniform, Consideration mast be given tothe production of more than one color to continue the exsting aration or explore other approaches to achive this. The replacement terra cotta wll need tobe ce-anchored int the stractural and masonry system ofthe botng ti imporant to replace the anchoring system, or fabrication, when eplcing tera cotta laments. Refer tothe National Pak Service's Preservation Bil no, 7—The Preservation of Historic Glared Architectural Tera Cott for edtonal information, BRICK ‘light an presid brick the primary material at the bullding's exterior facades, The bickis used at lat wal planes atthe fst, second and third lors, a 2-story semlengaged brick plasters, brick panels between ‘windows at the floor evel, plasters at the balconies, wall surfaces atthe protruding bulding entrance form and within the pediment atthe main bling entrances, chimneys and other aces ofthe bung facades, The ‘tan color ofthe beck bends withthe multicolored decorative tn era cotta to provide a cohesive appearance of the balding that matches the tan color of the adjacent his of he Franin Mountains that provide a backdrop tothe buldng, “Te exterior brick date rom the buldings rig! 1916 construction; there is a sight variation inthe color of ‘hese original brits, providing an overal ight tan appearance, Th bie wal reconstructed it mul-wythe without an ale space; the fagae bic sn arunning bond patern with" mortar joints which wastypleal onstruction practice inthe early twentieth century The rick's thought to be locally soured from El Paso or Mexico, butthe atua source has not been determined, ‘Te vat majrt ofthe bricks are orignal and in very good conltlon. However limited areas of damage tothe bricks has ocurred from sandblasting during gaff removal, Oamage from contact or weather, eflorescence, staining, broken or cracked brick, rir brick replacement an applied coatings ha also occured. This demage Is not unusual fora bullding ofthis ge, and is darted in detal below. Paso High Schoo! Mistre Structures Repo az Nine Degrees Architecture + Design ne Geraer ‘ype igh brown bi, showing natural color variation cracked bres Description ond Condition ~ there are some severely racked bricks atthe bling facade; these vary fom ‘minor cracs to bricks that are broken inal. Minor cracks appear tobe de to natural stress crack in bricks and ae typically acceptable ures they allow moisture penetration. Recommendations ~ minor cracking in bricks are not unusual and typially acceptable uness they allow ‘moisture penetration, Larger cracks must be replaced, Refer to "Brick Replaceert. Broken bricks ‘Description and Condition ~ there ae few broken brick atthe bull facade. Broken bles can be due to ‘natural stress cracks in bricks that hve been under more stress, movement or damage from contac. ‘ecommendotons~ Bricks that are broken must be replaced. Refer to ‘rick Replacement below: oss of materi Description ond Condition ~ areas of the brick surfaces have been damaged from contact. Most of this contact ‘damage {som contac from people brushing agaest the building, primarily atthe adjacent sidewalks, recessed windows and other areas where students congregate. Damage to upper areas may be from contact, ‘uring prior work onthe bulding exterior by contractors or maintenance personnel. Tere are also areas above ‘the frst floor where Wolted damage has ocurred from fing objects (football) or airborne debris during storms. ‘Recommendations - Damage om contactor weather smal areas of damage to brick (typically less than" ameter ara commen and should be retained in place Larger areas shoul be reviewed fr deteriration and [LPs High School Mistore structures Report ae Nine Degrees Aveitecture + Ossie, Ic + Gender ifstable, retained in place. those bricks that have more extensive damage, especly thse located a public areas (near publ building entrances, recessed windows at facades facing the football flor similar ress) shouldbe replaced. Refer to Brick Replacement’ below. Sandblasting Description and Condition ~ areas ofthe brick surfaces have been delaced wt raft inthe past and several ‘deaning approaches have been utlzed with varying succes; thistyplalyocut tthe frst floor and second oor line, which cn be easy accessed, Some areas with graft have been sandblasted, which has removed the outer, harder ‘rust’of the brik leaving the interior, softer clay coe expoted, While this exposed softer {ay would normally be subject o further deterioration rom exposure tothe environment, particulary ‘humidity and rain, this condition has benefited from El Paso's dy climate and further deterioration ‘appears does appear to be occurring, ois occurring at avery limited pace ‘ecommendotions- While sandblasted bricks are tplcaly recommended to be removed an replaced in other areas ofthe country hiss not the ase nel Paso's due to its dry late. The areas of sandlacted bik have been reviewed and t appears that the exposed solt core ofthese brick is curently table and ae not visibly deteriorating. Recommendations fr these areas are twofold 1 deny these sandblasted areas of brick and document with exterior elevation drawings and photograph each cea with overall and detaled photos. This dacumestaton shouldbe reviewed by an architect annualy to monitor and document any futher deteriocation scone, depth, ec). Selected areas should be marked with metal pins allowing these areas tobe specially reviewed and ‘compared to previous conditions during each annual review. 2. replacement of some ofthese bricks is required, these shouldbe carefuly removed, and replaced with historic bricks from non-isible location (suchas the back of theroof parapets) o reusing removed bricks by reversing the bricks lt’ intrir face naw faces te exterior. With thi later ‘proach, the sandblasted face (now net exposed) should be coated fo prevent further deterioration ror to ts renstalation, ‘Snce most ofthese sandblasted areas are at highly vie ostions, careful consideration shouldbe given to the appearance ofthe bricks ~ ether individually replaced ora argerareat~to ensure the replacement brick and mortar match with the adjacent historic brick. Refer orice Replacement’ below {Paso High Shoe! Historie structures Report 130 Nine Degree rehitartim« ad, ne «Ganon Sandblastd brik, with emalring graft vse ‘Staning fom wate or uct Description ond Condition - areas of the brick surfaces have been stained from molsture or water infiltration from above; these typically occur below terra cotta elements incucng t window heads tele balstrades or other trim. This staining includes residues from deteriorated tera eta clay, accumulated dit and rust from deteriorated steel supports witin the terra cotta assembly, or othe materials. ‘Recommendtions~ since his condition is due to water ith cla residue it or rust Infitration through bree or terra cotta assembles shove this stalning wil continue unt thesource ofthe inflation s identified and correct, After correction othe source ofthe staining, the brick and mortar canbe cleane. In aeas where staining is from cay residue or di, clearing may be possible, However, in areas where rst stalning may have ‘penetrated the brick thismay notbe able to be fully removed. Refer to Brick Cleaning”. Sainsatbrckbelow rerracomabalsterraling Staining obrick rom tera cota rim and morta oins ove. tocescence [Paso High Schoo Histone Stnetures Report ast Description and Candtion~ 2 few, lented areas of the brick suffer from efflorescence, which occurs when water that has penetrate the masonry wall evaporates, leaving fine, tpiealy white powdery deposit water- soluble salts onthe face ofthe brick. While this conan typealy occurs following isl construction, tan also happen when water enters the bling overtime ~ play from flashing deterioration, lat of mortar in Joints, or damage to bullding materials above that allows water to ener the brick wal With Eats dry ‘imate, tis condition s minimized by natural evaporation, and lack fain veduclg the asodated water ‘penetration that creates the condition. Recommendations ~since ths condtion i de to wate nitration ito the masonry wall, this canton wil ‘continue until the source ofthe water inflation Is identified, corrected, and any malstre within she wal completely evaporates. The died salts onthe face ofthe brick and mortar can usually be cleaned, wing warm water and sft brush, For severe locations, specialized masonry cleaning product may be needed, Refer to "Brick leaning’ below. Bosse efforeeanca from water inflaton int rick Prlor brick replacements and subsequent changes Descrstion ond Conaton- there ae a umber of prior brick replacements that are viualy unacceptable and should be replace, Aecammendatiane=thoce brick replacements that ar vuly unacceptable nd must be rplaced with ble that match the histor bricks. Refer to ®rck Replacement paso High Schoo! Histor structures Report. an Prior unacceptable brick repacement ‘Applled coatings —Palnt and Cementitious Description and Condition ~ 2 numberof bricks have had pant or cementitious coatings applied inthe past, probably due to prior brick replacement of unacceptable colors that dd not match the adjacent histori bricks, (to cover overspll of coating at adjacent terra cotta pals, Most of the bricks with applied coatings are sally unacceptable ‘Recommendotlons bricks with an unacceptable applied coating should be treated with specialized masonry leaning (or removal product, thats specificto the particular costing used, Like masonry cleaning products, ‘many ae formulated to clean specific elements (llorather based pants, cementitious coatings, et). Consultation with an arcitect and/or product representative with experience in working with histori bulldings and specialized clearing products. n no instance should high-pressure cleaning over 400 pi), sandblasting of ‘austle materials be used on brik or mortar. However, if removalof these contin snot possible, options Include retaining these areas of brick In places ~ which may depend on ts location, or replacement with historic ‘ornew brick Refer to Brick Cleaning’ and Brick Replacement sections below. ‘Brick Cleaning Description and Conditions brick tthe buling exterior should be gven a general, ight cesrng to remove rt accumulation, particulary a areas that are nat subject rain ona regular bai or where taining and efflorescence has occurred ‘In adition to general clearing this section applies to several of the treatments described above. Consistent with the Secretory ofthe nterirs Standards or Rehablitetion and the Notional Park Series Freservaion Bef No. 2~ Cleaning and Wate repellent Treatments fer Historie Mosonr Buildings, cleaning should be fst done ith the eat intrusive math auilahle whieh for brie ie warm water, wth a oft ruth Th should be ve is preservation betas waterrpaon, cena renner othe ng 1 Faso High School Mito Strucures Report ass Nine Degrees Architectures Desig, inc # Genser hand applied with garden hose operated at low-pressure (400 pi). Multiple seakings may be needed, Warm water cleaning may be adequate for mos areas ofthe bulding as part ofthe general leaning For treatments where thisis ot effective and require atonal levels of cleaning, the use of mild household detergents may bo used, tls isnot effec, the use of masont cleaning products should be lized, Some of these masonry eaning products are general cleaners while others are formulated to clean spac elements (water based or ‘ollbase paints, graff, spray paints, et) and consultation with an architect and/or product representative ‘ith experience in working with historic buildings and specialized deaning products should occu. Allclaning approaches shouldbe tied ona smal area of brick aan inconspicuous location rt. In no ineance should high-pressure cleaning (over 40 pl, sandblasting or caustic materials be usd on brick or mortar. tn pron years sealing of ase buings was often rewornmended follwing leaning However, this something that shoud be carefully considered for any historic bullding as tis can have repercussions to not ‘only the exterior brick but associated interior area, with sme adverse effects posible Bric Replacement escroton and Condition ~ Brick replacement may be necessary where broken bricks occur or where bricks rave been previousy painted or nave 2 cementitious esa. Recommendations - When hstre bles are tobe replace, there are general two options ~ replacement ‘with histories removed fom other areas ofthe building, oF with ne rick that sr similar in colo, sie, texture and compressive strength as the histori Removal of historic bricks rom areas that ae not sible tothe publi for reuse n more pubic locations it recommended. This provides the best source of replacement brick that match the historic an blend in with ‘the public facades. Potential areas for removal of histri bricks for fe-se inlide the back (oof sde ofthe parapet, brick columns at balustrades an other location tthe rot. However, tis provides nly a iited ‘amount of bricks that can be reused s careful consideration should be gen to thelr removal These removed bricks shouldbe replaced with new bricks that ae ofthe same se, cla, texture and strength a the historic bricks removed; if the color does not match, It maybe painted to match the adjacent brick, ‘Atlocations where new bricks must be ued, the sie, coor variation, materials and texture should match the stories for sual eompatiity with the building facade. In addtion, new bricks should match the compressive strength ofthe historic brik: this sequal as important as matching the rcs visual and textural characteristics, Matching this compressive strength will ensure thatthe new bricks will accommodate ny continual min movements and setting over the entire wall. new fl bricks ae stronger or of ese strength than the remaining wall cracking ofthe histori or even the newer brick may eccur. Compressive strength testing and petrographic analy ofthe histore brik shouldbe conducted to determine these ‘characteris ofthe stork rk Then that information can be used in specifying the replacement brick. ‘due tothe unique characteristics of the historic brick, ts unkely that replacement brick will match the store n all characterises ~ cor sz, texture, calor variation, materials an strength is current in Poco High School Historie Structures Report ase ion Degree Architecture + Design, ine» Genser proton within the US. istikaly that a custom run wl be required, Ther are brick manufacturer thet can ‘reate custom brick, Mortara ck {General - Mortar's main funtion Is two-fold ~to evenly transler the loads downward throsgh the masonry tunits ad to seal the building's masonry envelope ffom the elements. Mortars designe to accommodate slight adjustments 2s bllings move de to daily thermal changes or ulldng settlement and it canbe replaced ducing the butdings’ fe. Lme-based mortars for masonry were the typical mortar mix used nthe early decades of the twentieth century when the school bulding was constructed this mortar mix incuded lie, sand, water and ocastnaly small anousts of porn erment Portland cement wae then considered an optional adv o minor ingredient n mortars to help accelerate morta putt sting ine and was not uses forall work. Theselime-based mortars were soft to work withthe softer brick avaiable the time, allowing both to move together n buldings. By the ate 19205 ard eary 1930s, mertar used in commercial buldings Was made from equal parts Portland cement and lime putty~ now referred tas masonry cement morta (oF ‘cementtious mortar; this isa harder mortar with higher compressive strengths and remns in use today. Description ond Condition -Oniy3few areas of historic mortar a the exterior brick was appear to remain piace. Typeal the original mortar an be found in ecesses at windows and athe areas tat have been protected from the elements. The areas of the histori mortar are very limited and weathered In appearance, making the orginal olor efit to terme. Thess historic mortar joints ae "thick and appear tobe 2 ‘roweled fh ont. ‘Te vast majority ofthe exposed mortar slater replacement cementitious marta that ely dates frm the 1985 repointing work as wel sotherrepointing efforts atthe bling, This evident fram the variety of mortar colors, joint types and textures ofthe morta’ joints at the building today In some areas the mortar joints have been reponted with a 'tape and bag’ method which consis of thin (2/82 + thie) coating of acre mosifed grout applied over the mortar jolts Tape was sped over the ‘aces ofthe brick to prevent overcoating and thin cat of the acrlle mortar applied othe face ofthe mortar Jol using plastic ‘basilar to eng 2 cake, The tape over the brick was then removed, Tis method was sed n the 19705 to protect the mortar from deterioration orto cover deteriorated mortar Tis method had several disadvantages it was quite hard, and thi acrylic modified coating lated for decades and wore of sporacaly, leaving areas ofthe bullding with mortar jolts of diferent colors~|.e. the ognal mortar olor {and the limited colors valle nthe ale mortar. This eric mortar was so hard coud aot be removed, leaving owners with few options for etaang a consistent appesrance of the bulding Thisreponting method is nolonger used ‘Overal the mortars ganealyin far to poor conden, with areas of damage due toloss or loose mortar, separation of mortar rom bic, prior mortar replacement (repainting of diferent colors nd types or the use of higher strength mortar in areas epointed, Recommendtions for these spec conditions fellow, 1Paso High Schoo Misti Stctures Report as ine Degrees Aeitecture | Deg Inc + Genser Description ond Condition oss of mortar occrsin selected areas ofthe exterior wall, and often in cnjunetion \wthbrckor tera cota deficiencies. Such loss of marta allows water to enter the masonry wal resuking in {deterioration of acjacent brick anc further deterioration of the adjacent mortar. Separation of mortar from the brick isthe fist step in mortar alae and stypealy found in older mortar, Mortar shrinkage creates a smal {Bap between the mortar and the brick (above or below) and the mortar no longer functions as Intended. ‘Recommendations ~ these aeas of martar lass and future mortar lois should be repointed. Refer to ‘Repeintcg. ‘ype narrow 2/47] morris, weathered Prior reponting with mortar ofa different olor Description and Conditions - ror repintng with a color that doesnot matchthe historic color changes the ‘sua appearance of the historic high schocl. Exterior wal surfaces area tapety of rik tera cota and ‘mortar. Changes these colors wl ffect how the buildings viewed, and otenfor the worse, The ares of brick, with dark grey mortar tthe high school carly show this Recommendations Areas of the brick with mortar that do nt match the typ mortar color should be removed and replaced with mortar thats consistent In color with other areasof the building, Refer to “Repoietng 1Paso High School Mitre Structure Report a6 Nine Degrees Architecture + Design ln» rake ocer, wide gray cementilousmortaratlarge ols; Repoitig heed (vertical joins with mortar of Thismeotarhasalsonet ben fuly removed and dfeentcolor and width, Cleaned from the historic rick eo providing lay tina these ares of stove brik Repeinting ~ General Recommendations ‘The recommendations for treatment of mortar conditions are consistent with conditions addressed above ~ loss of mortar, loose mortar or rir reponting with mortr ofa ferent coor. Background for replnting at histori buildings -the standard approach when repontng historic buildings is that new mortar should match the compressive strength ofthe histore mortar to align with the strength ofthe bres, As buildings settle, 2 higher strength mortar would remain in place, forcing the lowertrength historic bricks to crack and fal such flue would appear as cracks that would need to be repaired, Historie mortars have lower compressive strengths due to lower cement proportions ~ often Type N (750 ps) or Type O (350 pl) ‘mortar types However, the El Paso High Schoo bulsing has ha numerous pointing efforts over if, with ‘most of these made with cement mortar instead of theerignal Ime-ased mortar. This newer, higher strength ‘cement mortar doesnot appear to have adversely tfcted the hstre ics or terra cotta at this ime. Recommendations for Reponting Mortar ~the exterior rick should be reviewed for morta os or lose or deteriorated mortar and mortar that is ofan unacceptable coor. These areas of mortar should be removed and repointed. New mortar’s composition, color, texture and strength should be consetent with the compressive strength of the typicl mortar originally used atthe bing withthe fllowing tests conducted Samples of type mortars that are functioning well shouldbe analyzed for tregth by compressive test, + -Anarea of aceptable mortar (color, texture) should be analyzed for composition by petrographic anaiss. # Test2to 3 historic bricks for compressive strength, ‘This information can be used to develop samples and guide the mix design for new mortar. "New mortar shouldbe consistent with the Secretary ofthe Interiors Stondords for Rehabilitation, and the National Park Services’ Preservation Sie No, 2~ Reponting Mortar Joints in Historle Masonry Billings. [Paso High School Historie Structures Report ar Nine Deares Architecture + Desig, Ine + Genser EXTERIOR STAIRS “Ther are five exterior tis that serve the bullding both as entres and egress routes feom the biling: Eas Stlr~ located atthe east fade and leads tothe north wg, North at Schuster Avenue, and leads as one of the prima entrances, This stair is open on the sth side, west sie adjoins the one-story extension orginal the woodworking clseroom). Wiest Stlr—atN. Virginia Sree, ead othe main hall in thecentr ofthe bling South tae—leated atthe south fagade and leads to the South wing "Main Stair~ primar entrance atthe Paion facing the athletic feld Descrotion- These stairs are of similar design and appearance — concrete landings and steps, sloped mult vythe masonry side walls of tan brick with tera cotta caps. The structural concrete foundation forthe west ‘and main stl ar integral tote buns’ structural system.” These wo stars are surrounded by large areas of concrete paving and sidewalks. The structural foundation forthe south, west and eas stars consists of two parallel concrete grade beams (2- 13" widex 2.3" deep x26 /- In length) andl donot have footings oper. Thete grade beams extend 1-0" below the sidewalk at the end af the star; these grade beams support the tll mul-wythe wide masonry side In plan these grade beams act as sms that extend from the bul and are noted together a their ends, The upper landings of these thee sti align withthe fistfer finish floor level and te lower landings meet te ste sdewalt, at approximately below grade. These thee stairs have diagonal cracks inthe brick side walls, indicating downward movement between the bling structure and these rade beams The bottom "seri several inches higher thn the type, lio indleative this movement and possibly that ofthe adjacent sidewalk. These crack vary in width from sghty wider mortar joints to Upto" or more in some locations. fn ‘the past, these cracks have been fled with morta. Some bricks in these side walls have bean braken, ao Indeating areas f more movement. The intersection ofthe brick wall atthe scoot exterlor wall andthe stale sde walls are without an expansion jit. These inside comer conditions aren good eondtion, Ineatng the grade beams at these locations ae stable. The north stirs surrounded by lrge areas of eoneree paving and sidewalks; the south and eas stair ar adjacent to a6" wide concrete sidewalk with landscape areas beyond. An irigation system exists within thes landscaped ress Recent work at these tree stairs to repair these foundation and walls was completed and the brick repointed, However, new cracks have developed at the west stair typical atthe location of pro cracking Inlcating that Under problems may remain. In addition, prior repair work at these stals has involved removal of store brick and replacement with new brick that doesnot match the histre in eooror texture Conditions -The north and maln stats appear tbe in good conten with minimal evidence of setlement. The ‘terra eata caps onthe sde walls reflect heavy use by thos using the stirs with areas of os ofthe tera cotta Finish de to contact an in some locations, have minor damage. Some ofthe tera cotta tes have been "as gh Stoel ase Framing Pn shee 3 serton ested Novenbar 34,134 Pato Hh School Histor Structures Reaort 13s Nine egret azeitecture + Desi, nc + Gender rected Iely due to los of thelr original coating r due to removal of raf. This trea cotta damage fs worse atthe west stairas this star receives more use by students, faculty and vistors. “The west, south and east stars are in poor condition, due othe apparent structural settlement and resulting brick damage. ike the noth and main stairs, the tera cota caps on the side walls reflect se by those using ‘the stairs with area of lssof the terra cota fish due to cantact and, in some locations, ave minor damage, ‘Afew of the tera cota ties have been recosted ely due toes of thelr xginal costingor due to removal oF ‘raft; the extent ofthe tera cotta damage Iles than that observed atthe west stair. A noted above, prior repair work at these stairs has inlved removal of histori brick and ceplacement with ne brick that oes not match the historic a color texture ‘Tse ive exterior stars serve as emergency exit routes out ofthe high school and should comply with stair requirements for en routes including the requirement tha alsers and treads are of stinder sizes. Due to ‘the settlement atthe north south and east stars, the bottom riser which meets the sidewalks higher than that ofthe typical risers above and are natin compliance with this requirement. Recommendations -The terra cott elements at these fests should be restore; refer o Terra Cotta’ section Other considerations at thes tars are any impact ofthe adjacent igation systen, and height ofthe bottom rier a each ofthese tara he sidewalk relative to code requirements for egress stairs Future repairs to these stairs willy require brick to replace damaged bic. Refer to Brick’ secton, ‘Aracent evaluation ofthe west, south and eas stairs was completed by Stubbs Engineering; this addresses the underlying cause and recommendations. Refer oStructural Star Evaluation’ dated Janus 29,2019, by ‘Stubbs Engineering, ne East star, with large erack due to rattlemant haz North star ith mix of hetoric and new brick where Been replnted with dark ray mortar, including prior repairs to address setlement have been mortar that was not propery clesned from adjacent completed. brie Paso High Schoo! store Structures Report ase Nine Deares Architecture + Desig, Ine+ Gerler EXTERIOR FENESTRATIONS Doors Description and Condition ~The historic exterior doors were palrd, wood doors with large beveled, clear plate lassie, adjacent sidelghs and transom above. The main entrance doors a the Central Paviion were {380 pai of wood doors with sdelights, wood decorative transom above bu without sidelights. Although the 1914 drawings include a door schedule with ix door types noted (sheet 12), the plane nor exterior elevations note door types forthe exterior doors, Of these six door types noted, ive are 2-10" orlessin width These historic doors have been removed and replaced with new meta frames, doors and sdelihts na configuration thats similar tothe historic but with doors and frames. These doors appear heavier and the sidelights are roticebly narrower than the historic ts net known when these doors were removed and replaced? While ‘these doors and sidelights ae sympathetic in design tothe historic doors they replaced, these appear 25.2 éumsy replacements, However, they ae fs o good condtion. ‘Recommendotion - While these doors are net In need of replacement at this tme, planning for eplacement of eter aa CHAPTER A3 - DEFINITIONS. ALTERATION means an act that changes one or more ofthe exterorachitectral features of structure or ts appurtenances, incuaing but not imited tothe erection, constructon, reconstruction, oF removal OF any structure or appurtenanc. APPROPRIATE means typical of the historic architectural style, compatible with the character of ths Property or district, and consistent with these preservation criteria, ARCHITECTURAL STYLE means 2 category of architecture of similar buldings distinguished by similar characterstis of construction, design, materials, ee. CHANDELIER mean aight Fixture with multinle rms hung from the eeling to support lights May be made of brass, glass, wood with metal arms, o tinplate CHARACTER DEFINING FEATURE means those important architectural naterils or features that constitute the building’ historic significance as determined by the local Historic reservation fice othe Heritage Commision. Character defining features may include a historic tullng’s form, materials, features, craftsmanship, decorative detals, as wellas ts ste environment ‘COLONNADE means a series of columns supporting an entablature; mi include roofed walkway besides the columas. ‘COLUMN means the entre column, including the base, shaft and capital ‘COMPATIBLE means & design oF use thet maintains the historical appearance ofa building and does not require icreversible alteration, ‘CONSTRUCTION means the act or business of building a structure or part ofa structure ‘CONTRIUTING PROPERTY (BUILDING/STRUCTURE/SITE) means 2 bulding, structure, or site which feinforces the visual inteery or interpretability of 2 Nitore huieing, noighharhnd or dic. A contributing property is not necessary “histori” (50 years or older} & contributing property may lack Individual distinction bt may add tothe historic esti’ status a a ignficant and distinguishable socio cultural entity DEMOUTION mesns an act or proces that destroys orrazes a structure ots appurtenances in part orn Wwiole, oF permanently impairs ts structural intogrity, Including Its ruin by neglect of necessary ‘maintenance and rept DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIORS the United States federal department charged with conservation and the development of natural resources; created in 1849, (Note: see National Park Service), Paso High School Historie Structures Report Nine Begres Welitectures Desig, re erat 932 NATIONAL PARK SERVICE $a bureau of the US. Department of the Interiors who purview inludes the historic and cultural resources inthe National Parks syste and the National Historic Preservation Program. DISTRICT means 2 geographically definable area possessing 2 significant concentration of sites, buildings, structures or objects united historically or aesthetically by plan or physical development. Typically dtrcts ‘ate defined or established by a local state or national gavernment entity. ENTRY means a door, gate, or passage used to enter a bulding ERECT means to atach, build, draw, fasten, fx hang, maintain, pant, place, suspend, or otherwise construct. FACADE means any exterior face or elevation of a buliing, FENESTRATION means the proportion and sizeof window and door openings and the rhythm and order in wich they are arranged, FORM means the size, shape, and massing of a building, HEIGHT means the vertical distance from the average grae level othe average level ofthe roof HISTORIC DISTRICT means a definable geographic area that contain 2 numberof related historic stroctures, features, or objects united by past events or 2esthetically by plan or physical development and that has been designated bya local or state governing body, orislisted onthe National Register of Historic Places. HISTORIC means a property, building, element or material that dates ether to the original construction date or to some later but important alternation date that is consistent with the historic designation sleniieance forthe historic district. INTEGRITY means a measure ofthe authenticity of a property's historic identity, evidenced by the survival of physical characteristics that existe during the property's historic period in compacion with ts unaltered state LANDSCAPE means the whole ofthe exterior environment of sit, dsr, o reson, including landforms, ‘trees, and plants. LOT means a surveyed parcel of land that fronts ona publi street, especial of a size to accommodate an individual buling, "Main BUILDING means the primar residential or commerea Bulding onthe st New Construction means te act of adding to an existing structure oc erecting anew principal or accessory structure or appurtenances oa structure, including, but aot ite to, buldings, extensions, outbuildings, fire escapes, and retaining wals. [MODIFY or MODIFICATION means to make changes to an ening structure. ELPato High Schoo! Mistore Structures Report Nine Degres rciectre + Design, e+ Gensler a3 MULLION means a wide upright bar dividing two window units within frame. [MUNTIN mesns a strip of wood or other material thet separate ih’ or panes of glass within a window sash, [NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK (NH) means a designation reserved fra district, ste, building, structure or object of exceptional significance tothe US. ae 2 whole rather than just toa particular state cor locality All NHL's ae sted inthe National Retr of Historic Paces. NATIONAL PARK SERVICE Sa bureau ofthe US. Department ofthe Interiors who purview includes the historic and cultural resource inthe National Pars system and the National Historic Preservation Program. [NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES (NR) means thelist of US. Paces of significance in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering and culture on nations, state, o local level. laces on ‘the National Register may bea dst, site, bullding, structure or obec. NEW CONSTRUCTION means the act of adding to an existing trucure or erecting 2 new principal or accessory structure or appurtenances toa structure, including, but ot limited to, buildings, extensions, ‘outbuildings, ire escapes, and retaining wal ‘ORDINARY MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR means work meant to remedy damage to deterioration of a structure ots appurtenances, which wilinvave no changein materia, dimensions, design, configuration, color, texture, or visual appearance. PORCH means 2 covered and floored area ofa building, especially at abullding a house thats open at the font and usual the sides. (At the Hal of State the rear porches ae referred to as porticos) PORTICO means a columned porch or ambulatory, especialy at an entrance. PRESERVATION means the act or process of appiving measures necessary ta sustain the existing form, Integy, and materials ofan histori propery. Werk, inclusing pralminary measures to protect and stablize the property, generally focuses upon the ongoing maintenance and repair of histore materia and features rather than extensive replacement and new construction. The liited and sensitive upgrading of ‘mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems and other code-required work to make properties functional is appropriate within a preservation project. However, new exterior additions are nat within the scope of this treatment. The Secretary of the Interiors has pubithed ‘Stonderds for Preseraton” which require retention ofthe greatest amount of historic fabric along with the bung’ store form. (ote: this term typically use by the public interchangeably with ettrstion and rehebilaton, ( PROPORTION means the dimensional relationship between one part fa structure or appurtenance and another. Fagade proportions involve relationships suchas height to width, the percent ofthe facade ghven ‘to window and door openings, the sizeof these openings, nd Noor-te-celng heights, Often described as 2 ratio, proportions may be vertical (taller than wide, horizontal (vider than tal), or nor-iretional (equal tal and wide), Paso High Scho! Historie Structures Repo. ine Degree rehtecture 1 Design In Geer 138 PROTECTED means an architectural or landscaping feature that must be retained and maintain its historic appearance, a nes s practical, inal aspects, RECONSTRUCTION means the act oF process of depicting, BY means ot new construction, the form, features, and detain of a non-surviving ste, landscape, bulding structure, or object for te purpose of replicating its appearance ata specific period of time and in its historic location. The Reconstruction Standards establish aliited framework fr recreating @ vanished of non-survving bulding with new material, primarily for interpretive purposes. The Secretary ofthe Interiors’ has published ‘Standards for Reconstruction’ to guide this work, REHABILITATION meens the actor process of making possible compatible ute for property through repair, alterations, and additions while preserving those potions or Features which convey is hstorial, cultural, or architectural values. The Rehabilitation Standards acknowledge the need to alter or add to 2 histori bulding to meet continuing oF new uses while retaining the bulding’sNstorie character, The Secretary ofthe interiors has published ‘Stondards for Rehabiltation’ to guide tis work. REPAIR means fing a deteriorated partofabulding structuce, or object, including mechanical or electrical ‘systems or equipment, so that itis functional; may involve replacement of minor pars, REPLACEMENT means to interchange a deteriorated element ofa bulldng, structure, or object witha new ‘one that matches the original element as closely as posible REPLICATION means to accurately reconstruct an element of 3 bulding, structure or object using the ‘original element as a model or mold EPOINTING means repairing exiting masonry jolnts by removing defective mortar and instaling new mortar RESTORATION means the act or process of accurately depleting the form, features, and character of & propery as it appeered ata particular period of time by means of the cemoval of features from other periods nts history and reconstruction of missing features from the restoration period. The limited and sensitive upgrading of mechanical electrical ane plumbing systems and other code-required work tomake ‘ropertes functional is appropriate within a restoration projec. The Restoration Standards allow forthe Gepiction ofa builing ata time in its history by preserving materials, features, finishes, and spaces from 1 period of significance and removing those from other period. The Secretary of the Interiors’ has published ‘Standards for Restoration’ to guide ths work AUGHT-OF-WAY means the Ind used fora transportation corridor suchas public street, alley, orallroad; typically owned by the government. [SCALE means the relate proportion ofa bulding to negnvorng Bulongs or of #buleing to a pedestrian cbrerver ‘SECRETARY OF THE INTERIORS STANDARDS means the standards for various treatment of historic Properties. These were developed toast property owners in the long-term preservation of a property's signieance through the preservation of historic materials and features, The four standards are Preservation, Rehabilttion, Restoration and Reconstruction ELPato High School Historie Structures Report Nine Degrees areitectre+ Desig, in» Gensler nas SETBACK means the horizontal distance between a structure's vertical planes and 2 reference line, ually the property line. SITE means the land on which abulling or other feature is located, ‘STATE HISTORIC PRESERVATION OFFICE (SHPO) means the state or teritorial government designated by the governor to administer the State Historic Preservation Program, including assisting federal agencies {and ientying and nominating eligible properties tothe National Register and other federal progras. ‘The aso typically work with lcel governments on preservation planning issues and Pistore preservation, ‘ordinances (Texas Historical Commission isthe SHPO forthe state of Texas ‘SOLID-TO:VOID RATIO means the propertion of window and door openings to wall surface ares inthe ‘exterior wall fa building. STATE ANTIQUITIES LANDMARKS (SALS) means those publicly owned archeological and euturl resources, antiquities, and historic buildings of Texas designated bythe State of Teas, Uw the Texas Historical ‘Commission as worthy of protection, preservation and interpretation as such they receive legal protection under the Antiquites Code of Texas, forthe protection, preservation, and interpretation ofthe STRUCTURE means anything constructed or erected, on the ground or attachment to something havng 2 location on the ground, including but not limited to buildings, gatebos,bilboards, outbuildings, and swarming poo. ‘TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION (THC) means the agency dedicated to historic preservation within the state of Teas VSIBIUTY FROM A PUBLIC WAY means able to be seen feom any publi right-of-way (street, ally or railroad), or other place, whether privately or publely owned, upon which the public is regularly alewed or invited tobe, Resources 1s, Cyr M,Mustrated Dictonary of Hstore Architecture, New York: Dover Pubietions, Ine 3917 National Park Service, wuw.nos 20 ‘Tera Historical Commission, www texas ov Wikipedia, wen wikipedia. Pas High School store Structures Report Nine Degrees Architecture + Desig f+ Gera 136 CHAPTER A4 - METHODOLOGY ‘The Nine Degrees Architecture + Design and Genser team conducted a investigation and atserent of the: ‘ting condition ofthe exterior of the hictresehoal bulding during tre mer of 2030, The lvesigntion was performed fromthe ground, by use ofits, access from the oof ane the interior ofthe bulldig's exterior walle wae conducted. ‘The team included 2 preservation architect, several architects and inten architects. The Investigation was imultsphased effort and began by reviewing the exterior and ts materas (the derision) then sstested the ‘construction and materials to define the condition of the element and it materi (the dezeriptive phase) 2nd provided preliminary recommendations for addressing each of the condtions noted the prescriptive phase), ‘Te Deseritian/Condltion Recommendation format ofthe reports based ona format tha was ertablched by the Nationa Park Service and hasbeen tized as a standard system of inspecting and evaluating codons forhistristrctures. The format establishes the Descition ofan element, followed by the existing Contin ofthat element ad aly, Recommendation. ‘The Description esta shes the materials and other physical characterises of the element ‘The Condition of elements describes the current condition ofthe elanent or materi, When appropriate, these may be classified as follows: Good: “The element is structurally sound and performing Is Intended purpose, and there are few ‘cosmetic imperfections. Repairs not neaded, and enly mor mantenance work Is required to ‘mabtain the element in good condtion. oie ‘The element exhibits signs of wear fallre or deterioration but remains structuraly sound and is performing or is able with minor repair, to perform its intended purpose. Failure ofa sub- component may have occured. Repair or replacement cf up to 25% of the element or sub- component may be require, Poor: ‘The clement snot structurally sound and/or is ot erforning its intended purpose. Failure of ‘the element has occured. Repair oF replacement of move than 25% ofthe element or sub components required. The Recommendations are based upon the araysis of existing condos. The Priority for adressng each element i established to provide a framework for the development of consructon phasing strategies and the wtlzation of avaliable funding. The code utilzed describes the following categories: Priory Level 2: ie safety sues and code violations, and imminent losses, Prony Level 2: Active (Cynami) deterioration (5 years or more) and water infitration, Priory Level 3: Stabilized deterioration (10 years ar mor), seshetc ess and enhancements, Paso High Schoo! Mistore Structures Report Nine Degrees Achitectve + Desig n> ers ma Materials testing, and probes were notincuded spartof this HSR efor, but the HSR makes recommendations for testing and probes that wil be part of future design and construction fort ‘CONSULTING TEAM ‘Te consulting team involved inthis report Includes Nine Degrees Achitectre + Design, led by Cesar Malina, {NA Principal Wl Cur Project Manager; Aaron Colmenero; MchaelBluth and Genser, edby Marcel Quimby, FAIA Fe Santiago, RA, and Willam Richardson AIA Balls and Company. provided the Opinion of Probable Construction Cost. ‘Stubbs Engineering, nc. provided the Structural Star Evaluation, ad wat led by Michae A, Stubbs, PE with Justin Attebery, PE and lise Harder, Paso High Scheel istaresrueture Report Nine Degres Architecture + Desa, nt» Gensler ma STUBBS ENGINEERING, INC. Tanuary 29, 2019 Sel Preject Nos NIO-OTE ‘Nine Degrees Architecture 101 Maguey Ct, Ste.2 Sunland Park, NM 88063 ‘Attn: Will Curl Re: Structural Stair Evaluation ELPaso High School 800 E. Schuster Ave. ELPaso, TX 79902 Dear Mr. Cul ‘Work was authorized by Nine Degrees Architecture to determine the extent and severity of existing cracks in the existing exterior staircase on the West side ofthe existing building. A site investigation to review the west stir was performed on November 20,2018. As an addtional service, Nine Degrees Architecture requested that Stubbs Engineering provide an investigation to include al ofthe exterior stars, An additional site investigation was performed on January 15,2019. Please reference Figure 1, Appendix A fora site map showing the scope. ‘Summarized below is our assessment of the existing exterior stairs. Our scope was limited 10 a structural evaluation ofthe exterior stairs. Our evaluation was strictly based on a visual observation of these stirs. We did not provide any testing, ether destructive or non-destruction as part of our scope, ‘We also did not provide an evaluation of any other portions ofthe facility. Condition Assessment West Stair ‘There appears to be a crack located on both the North and South wall ofthe stirs running inline with the mortar joints and at @ rough 45-degree angle. The eracks run in line withthe conerete treads on the ‘opposite side, Cracks can also be found between the concrete treads andthe brick work of the stairs, ‘These cracks can be seen in the Photos | and 2 of Appendix B. 1s of our opinion that the cracks in the brick area result of differential setlement between the main school structure end the staircase. The entirety ofthe main school structure isa concrete freme building with masonry work. This is a relatively heavy structure, and in time will settle ata slow rte. ‘The stairs are considerable lighter and asa result will settle ata slower rate. This is causing differential movement between the stars andthe main building resulting in cracks inthe brick, {In edition tothe cracks in the brick, there are also cracks inthe star treads. The racks are primarily located atthe nosings of the stairs. These cracks appear to be duc to fatigue and moisture infiltration. [Examples ofthe eracks can be seen in Photo 3 of Appendix B. Project No: NIO-O18 Page2 of S Structural Stair Evaluation January 29,2019 Lago High School 800E. Schuster Ave. ELPaso, TX 79902 ‘There are also separations forming between the concrete stirs and the brick walls. These racks can bbe seen in Photo 4 of Appendix B. The cracks have been repaired at some time, It appears that there ‘as been movernent since the repair. The repair is beginning to fail and will ellow moisture into the structure. North Stair The North Stair hes damage similar to the West Stair. Thece ere eracks in the brick mortar joints ‘hese cracks appear tobe due to movement inthe siairs. There are also cracks inthe star nosings thet, need to be addressed. ‘There is evidence of moisture intrusion int the structure inthe space below the stair. As can be seen in Photo 5 of Appendix, there is blistering ofthe plaster benesth the stair. It is our opinion thet water is penetrating the stair and damaging the plaster on the ceiling, East Stair ‘The eas stair has damage that is similar tothe West and North Stir, In addition to these issues, the East stair has significant erecking inthe mortar joints in the precast conerete. The mortar filures in the precast concrete can be seen in Photo 6 cf Appendix B. Stadium Stairs ‘The upper portion ofthe Stadium stirs are constructed differently than the rest ofthe school. The concrete is white with exposed aggregate, The stairs have cracks running at the nosings and Perpendicular to the stairs. These cracks appear to be duc to both fatigue and moisture intrusion, An example ofthe cracks in the stairs can be seen in Photo 7 of Appendix B. Im adgition tothe cracks there are arcas where the stairs have been patched. The patches appear to ‘have been made with a material thet was not intended for this purpose. The patches are beginning to fail. An example of one of these patches can be seen in Photo 8. ‘There are also cracks in the brick walls adjecent to the stadium stairs. These eracks can be seen in Photo 9 of Appencix B, ‘The lower portion of the Stadium has more severe issues. It appears that at some point inthe past, the siairs were covered witha topping slab that is approximately I % inches thick. This topping is being to fil and has delaminated from the original stairs. An example of this condition ean be seen in Photo 10 of Appendix B. ‘The woucrete exp on the lower Stadium stars are also falling. This condition is shown in Photo 11 of ‘Appendix B. It ean be seen how severe the cracks are and the protentional for the caps to f Project Nos NIO-018 Page 3 of 5 Structural Stair Evaluation Sanuary 29,2019 El Paso High School 800 E. Schuster Ave, ELPaso, TX 79902 South Stair ‘The South Stair has similar cracks tothe other stars except this tar is in worse condition. This is to the more extreme freeze thaw action tha a south exposwe stair would be expused 1, isin two tiers. The upper tier isin better condition than the lower ter. A picture of the condition ofthe treads ofthe lower ter ofthe south stair is shown in Photo 12 of Appendix B. The concrete cap on the wall i lso cracking. This can be seen in Photo 13 of Appendix B. South West Lower Stair ‘This stair is from the street up tothe main level of campus. It has cracks inthe treads similar to the ‘other stairs. This star also hes a plaster coming on the walls. The plaster i failing and starting to allow water to infiltrate the wall. The conerete cap is starting to crack and fail. typical picture of this stairis shown in Photo 14. A picture of the plaster failure is shown in Photo 15 of Appendix B, Recommendations Stair Treads “Most of the star reads have cracks and are showing signs of fatigue. ‘The most severe conditions, like the stadium stairs, have treads that pose a danger of tripping to the general public. These conditions will continue fo worsen as moisture penetrates the cracks and corrodes the ebar, Itis our recominendation that the stair reads be repaired as soon as possible. This can be done by either epoxy injecting the cracks or by chipping out loose concrete and replacing that concrete with a proper patch, ‘The difficulty with these solutions wil be creating a condition that is visually appealing, Both the epoxy and the conerete patches will be almost impossible to match the color ofthe existing concrete. i would be desirable to coat the stairs with « moisture barrier after they are repaired. This will provide moisture protection as discussed below and give the stars a uniform appearance Differential Settlement ‘The differential settlement that we believe is causing the cracks inthe brick can be repaired with either ‘of two options. These two options have widely varying cost implications. ‘The first is to install a more permanent contol joint between the two structures in a pre-determi Jocation. This may be attained by cutting a jpiat in betwoen the two buildings where this seperation can naturally occur overtime, We believe thatthe settlement of this building may contin, but ia time should stop. Inthe meantime, allowing forthe two structures to move independently wil cease the unpleasant cracks inthe masonry. After the control joint is placed, the existing eracks may be repaired. This isthe least expensive option but does not provide as permanent a solution. Tf the eracks continue to occur, a more extensive remediation process may need to be undertake, ‘The second option isto support an extensive amount ofthe each stair case on micro piles or helical piles to potentially eliminate the possibility of futher differential settlement, However, a study would Paged of 5 jot No: NIO-O18 age Structural Star Brahaton January 29,2019 Paso High School 800 E. Schuster Ave. EI Paso, TX 79902 ‘need to be performed to determine the exact extent of support needed and may be extensive, This is the costliest option of the two but has the bes protentional for preventing future differential ‘movement, Brick Wally ‘As mentioned above, the brick can be repaired once the differential movement issues are addressed. ‘The mortar joints shall be repointed with an appropriate mortar by a skilled meson. The mortar shall ‘match the existing morta as close to possible in engineering properties, Moisture Intrusion Itis our opinion that a majority ofthe issues withthe conerete stirs are caused by moisture penetrating the concrete, Moisture can corrode the steel reinforcement with in the concrete. It can also cause the concrete to delaminate, Itis our recommendation that any remediatio: ofthe concrete stirs include a coating of a moisture protection paint or epoxy system. This will greatly help the Iengthen the life of the conerete and prevent futher damage. In addition to coating the conerete as part ofthe proposed work, we also ‘ecommend that the moisture barrier become part ofthe eampus's routine maintenance program. Conclusions ‘he exterior stairs are in need of immediate renediction, ‘There are life safety issues curently present as part ofthe stairs. We also believe tha the ather conditions that do not pose a rsk to life safety could deteriorate to that point if not addressed soon, Our office is available for Further consultation if required Stubbs Engineering, Inc. has no direct knowledge of, and offers no warranty regarding the condi ‘concetled construction or subsurface conditions beyond what was revealed in our review. Any ‘comments regarding concealed construction o: subsurface conditions are our professional opinion, ‘based on engineering experience and judgment, and derived by current standard or eare and professionel practice. ‘Various other non-structural, cosmetic, and stuctural damage unrelated to this evaluation may have been observed throughout the structure, some of which are generally discussed in this letter. However, 1 detsiled inventory ofall cosmetic, nonstructural, and structural damage was beyond the scope of our assessment. Comments in tis letter are not intended to be comprehensive, but are representative of ‘observed conditions at the time. In this study, we performed only limited review of the structural framing and did not include review of all concealed conditions, or detailed analysis to verify adequacy of the complete structure to carry the imposed loads and to check conformance to the applicable codes. ‘No destructive or non-destructive testing was performed during the site visit, and therefore our sssumptions concerning the strength of materials or members is based on construction prectces. We may recomend testing of materials if additional analysis is requested, Page $ of S Project No: 10-01 January 29, 2019 Structural Stair Evaluation EE Paso High Schoo! 800 B, Schuster Ave, ELPaso, TX 79902 Repair recommendations discussed herein are conceptual and may require additional engineering design forimplementetion. At your request, Stubbs Engineering, In. is available o provide the design services ‘We have nade every effort to reasonably present the various areas of concern identified during our site visits. If there are perceived omissions or misstatements in this report regarding the observations ‘ade, we as that they be brought to our attention as soon as possible so that we can fully address them promptly STUBBS ENGINEERING, INC, ‘TBPE FimmNo- F-12826 Dib lib Miciael A. Stubbs, PE DBIA Presdeat Project No: N10-018 ‘Structural Stair Evaluation EL Paso High Schoo! HOO E. Schuster Ave, APPENDIX A Key Fan Page Al of January 29,2019 ProjectNo. N10-018 Page A2of2 i i January 29,2019 Project No. N10-018 Structural Stair Evaluation El Paso High Schoo! 300 B. Schuster Ave. EI Paso, TX 79902 APPENDIX B Photographs Page 81 of 4 Snowy 29,2019 Project No: N1O-018 Structural Star Evaluation ELPaso High Schoo! $00 E. Schuster Ave. ELPaso, TX 79902 Photo 5 Photo 6 Page B3 of ¢ January 29, 2019 1 Paso High School 300 E. Schuster Ave. 2IPaso, TX 79902 Photo 7 Photo 8 Photo 10. Project No: N1O.018 Page BA of 4 Structural Stair Evaluation January 29, 2019 Paso High School 300 E. Schuster Ave. EL Paso, TX 79902 Photo 14 Photo 15 Materials testing, and probes were not included as part ofthis HSR effort, but the HSR makes recommendations fortesting and probes that wil be part of future design and construction efor. CONSULTING TEAM, ‘Te consulting tear involved inthis report incues Nine Degrees Architecture + Design led by Ceser Molina, {AIA Principal: WH Cur Project Manager; Aaron Colmenero; Michael luth and Gensler, ledby Maree! Quimby, FAIA; Fe Santiago RA, and Willa Richardson AIA Balls and Company. provided the Opinion of Probable Construction Cos ‘Stubbs Engneering nc. provided the Strctral Star Evaluation, and was led by Michael A. Stubbs, PE with Justin attebery, PE and sac Harder 1Paso High Schoo Hitrie Structures Report ne DgraaeAehtecture Design Ine eer ma REPORT on |)TERION MALL SUREALE CONDITIONS a EL PASO HIGH SCHOOL ‘TE EL PASO INDEPENDENT seHOOL DISTRICT GARLAND & WILLES, AIA, ARCHITECTS. 1444 Montana Ave. £1 Paio, Texes Decenber 1985 € ( 1 ntstontea, €1 Paso High School is tne oldest sxisting high school building in €) Paso. Designed ny the promimint £1 Paso architectural firm of Trost & Trost, the four-story structurn was completed in 115 after 8 two year construction period. It was built by long tine £1 Paso contractor, J. E. vorgan. Henry Trost designed the clasvic revival building, one which evokes monies of Greece and Rom-, but one wnicn also is solidly in the mainstream of American architecture, especially that style preferred by Thomas Jefferson, who influenced its use fn redoral govarngant puildings in Washington, D. Cy as well as on the campus of tho University of Vieginia. WuiTt in an "L* shapes the intersection of the two wings features a huge Pavilion accented hy fluted Corinthian colums, 3 decorative entanlature. and ‘an intricately detailed p-divent’ (see front’ caver of Photographs). Ths Pavillion leads into the dominant central area which nouses the main lobby and the auditorium. "El Paso llign 1s 4 City landnark, nestled at. the Toothilis. of tne mountain. In 198} it” was entered in the Hational Register of Historic Places. Recognized by the Texas Historical Counission as “one of the “inest examples of the classical revival style in Texas, the structure features vigorous and Fich ornamental detailing wxceuted in tetra cotta tw contrast with bald hrick passes, 11 EsTERION wATERIALS A. General: The basic exterior wall surface materials used at El Paso High School “are brick and terra-cotta, These materials are in harmonizing tones of dark but. There ts a limited use of concrete, mostly at foundation walls and stairs and sidewalks on grade, Windows are wood and are vertical sViding single hung, 8. Brick: The brick nas a very uniform color, each brick alaost identical to another. Urickwork is laid in 2 comon running bond with vertical joints in each course centered on units in courses ahove and below. The bricks are precisely made; are straight and square and dimensionally stable. These qualities of the brick have permitted the use of 8 very smil mortar joint — about 1/4" thick ~ not usually seen in brick msonry today. The vast majority of the ‘brickwork is” in good condition. Exceptions are noted in this report under heading of “EXISTING CONDITIONS AND” INVESTIGATIONS". . Terracotta: The word terracotta is derive’ from the Latin word “terra-cocta”™ - literally "cooked earth®, Generially, the brodest, definition of torra-cotta refers to a high grade of weathered or aged clay Wwhien, when mixed with sand or with pulverized fired clay, can be molded and Fired’ at nigh “temperatures to a hardness not obtainable w th brick. Simply put, terra-cotta is an enriched, molded clay brick or block. Page 1 of 10 C € Terracotta was widely used in buildings 60 to 90 y-ars ago because it ves Higntweignt, durable and could easily be custom-noleed to highly decorative reliefs such as are oxhinited ganerausly at El Paso High. Glazing of terra-cotta units offered virtually unlimited colors to designers for an added aesthetic advantage. The terracotta at €] Paso High, for example, vas colored to blend with the hrickwork and exhibits the sane "speckied* surface Finish as the Orick. ‘The material vas usually in the fora of hollow east blocks with internal stiffeners called webbing. This hollow, web-strengthened unit also offered another sdvantage - relatively large places Uiat were @ reasonable w-ighte Maintenance of the fired and glazed surface was easy; 1€ need not be painted and periodic washing. restored tts original appearance, Despite all of its favorable attributes, there are many examples of terra-cotta throughout the country which were installed in the tate 19tn and early 20th century that are experiencing deterioration. These failures are most frequently attributable. to: 1, Wter-retated oroblens. Faulty original crartsmanenip. 5. Strass-related deterioration. 4. Damage caused hy later alterations and additions. 5. Inappropriate repairs. Most of the terracotta prohleas of El Paso High are water-related de to lack of eaintenance. 111 GENERAL INFORMATION A. fm {nitiel investigation was side on May 18, 1983 ny David &. HitTes and Charles OeViilier. This was a ground-level walk-around the building to gain first impressions of conditions, This first inspection resulted in the following steps being undertake 1, Procure plans of building. Reproducible tracings were obtained from the El Paso Public Library Southwest Collection gallery and half ~ size second generation mylar mipraducibles were nade.” Prints were distributed toe terracotta manufacturer in California and his. supply house in Houston as general information. Prints were also sent to fheodare Frudon sn new York, 2 terra-coéta consultant (see Il, 8 7. below). 3. Procure services of masonry contractor for further exploration of tenrascotta problens. DeVillier and George Harbison of George ‘avbrsons- Ines, RBEONPy Contractor of £1 Paso vcondveses a: thira Page 2 of 10 ¢ € ‘inspection of the building on Yay 25, 1983, Hr. Harb{son is currently engayed ina similar exploratory project at the Paso del Norte Hotel in 1 Paso. It was agreed that Harbison of Arceraft Tile Co. would furnish labor and material as required to explore the Problems at the large overhanging entablature at. the fourth floor level. The actual fina? removal of a cap pfece was. conducted on june 8, 1983 with the essistance of Justin Hoelfel of Artcraft Tile Co. A surmicy of this investigation. including findiagc, fotlqus in Section Iv, EXISTING CONDITIONS AN EHVESTIGATIURS, ‘of this” report B. As it was inmediately apparent after the initial investigation on Hay bth that ‘the terra-cotta elements of the buflding were a cause of concern, ‘the following persons/ormani7itions were contacted remeding this material order to have access to their expertise in the evant it was needed: 1. International Masonry Institute (IKI), 823 Fifteenth St., Ne Wes asosngtary D. G-—200052 TMS ersemLZEtIG0 provides sovereldocaamnés Felative to terra-cotta restoration, provided Information on two known decorative terra-cotta producers in’ ta United States and acquainted us with He. George Miller, Executive Vice President. of the Mason Con= tractors Association of Azertca (HCAA). Person contacted at IMI was elisa tanolick. 2 Gladding, McBean 4 Co., P. 0. Sox 97, Lincoln, California, 664s, {S15} GFS-THET. TRS company recently provided meena for the restoration work on the old Electric Company Oui lding in El Paso, Gladding, Neean @ Co. has produced terra-cotta since 1875 and is the major producer of terra-catta in the United States, Persons contacted were Thomas (Tom) Sawyer and Anglo Sinone. 3, George Miller of HAA, (312) 620-6767, was contacted and he provided the name of Earl Cutid, Springvilie, Utah as one of the [Bost experienced terra-cotta magonry contractors. in the U. 5S. Mr. childs company completed the terracotta restoration of the Hotel Utah in Salt Lake City in 1977 and has devoted mst of his efforts to restoration since. 4. Earl child (see above), (801) 489-6150, was contacted to deter- mine His availability for consultation if needed. Mr. Child indi — cated that he would be happy to provide his services during the investigation stags. On October 19, 1983 Hr. Child visited the building. He felt tne repair procedures outiined in the attached estimte were adequate. Hr. Child is a Utah based nasonry contractor. He a nationally recognized expert in the field of terre cotta and brick restoration. 5. Architectural Terra-Cotte and Tile Co., Ine, 932, W. Washington, Chicago, TTTinots 60607, 666-1, This’ company is one of the two known terra-cotta maufacturers in the U. S- From information obtained, they uo not appear to wav. a history ‘of menufacturing conparabie to Gladding, Mefean, They do offer @ consultation service regarding many aspects of terracotta restoration. Person contacted was Susan Tindall. 6. Great Southern Supply Co. P, 0. ox 14507, Houston, Texas Page 3 of 10 C C 77221, (713) 644-1751, This comany represents Gladding, McBean in Texes. Howard Oudding of this company visited the billlding and assisted with cost estimates, etc. ile and Mr. Simone. (see Iten 2 above) of Gladding, Wclean's hone office in California nave been Supplied with drawings of the facility and photographs to facilitate cost estimting. 7. Theodore M. Prudon, Architect/Engineer with Bui ding Conservation Technology, Inc. (The Enrankrantz Group), 19 W. 4éth St. New York, New York"10036 and instructor in the Preservation Program at Columbia University School of Architecture. He is a Fecognized expert in the field of terra-cotta. Prudon has. recently consuited on the extensive restoration of the Moolworth Building in New York which was originally completed in 1913, just a few years before £1 Paso liigh. lle vas furnished drawings: and Photographs of El Paso High for his evaluation. AV EXISTING CONDITIONS AND INVESTIGATIONS A. Brick: The vast ma orfty of the brickwork at EI Paso High is in good condition with sound, tight joints. ‘There are sone exceptions as follows: 1, At all exterior stairways where concentrations of water have been spilling over the wide terracotta rail caps for decades. This has caused sone deterioration of the brick faces and erosion of the mortar joints. See Photographs No, 1 and No, 2. The spalling of the brick face in these locations and other isolated areas may also be attributable to sandblasting (see Item #4 below) or to freezing effects. 2, At exterior stairvays where settlement cracks have occurred. See Photograph No. 3. these cracks appear to have recurred as there is evidence of several rupair attempts, At this point. in tine the cracks appear to have stabi lized, 3. On west side (Virginia Street) of building at south end were What appears to be a settlenent crack has opened joints and split bricks in a pattern almost three stories high. See Photograph No. 4, nts crack my have appeared years ago es if appears to have stablilized, 4. Some smi areas of brick at ground level seem to have been sandblasted to renove graffiti, This has damaged the face of ‘these bricks beyond repair. 5. There are isolated areas of brickwork over the entire structure which need mortar repair (ra-pointing or tuck-poin*éng). There are many areas at ground Ive which nave vecome sonewhat dirty simply because they are within reach. Thore $s alsn a small amount of grafFit! at this level. See Photograph No. Sand. to. 9. On dune 23, 1983, a series of tasts mre conducted using various chenical Page 4 of 10 cleaners to deteruine how to fst clean the brickwork and/or deteraine if Cleaning was actually necessary. The tests were conducted with the help of Soe "Machadeo, “Jr~ of f-2 Tight, Inc. of El Paso, deft Karlsruher of El Paso Lath and Plaster, and dack Sykes representing ProSoto, Inc. of Kansas City, Kensas. PeoSoto. ‘manufacturers “Sura-Klean” uasonry cleaning, restoration and Watersproofing products. Three bast panuls sore nade, each sing a .lifterent Formula of cleaner. Chemicals were applied with a ioft-bristle brush, al loved to set for the time prescribed by the manufacturer and then rinsed avay UEITizing "2 high-pressure water spray provided hy @ portable gasoline driven punp. There "was very Tittle or no difference in the appearance of the Coupieted test panels and the adjacent brickwork. The tests indicate Conelusively that” the. brickwork at El Paso High is remarkably clean, having Eecaped the accunslations of airborne dirt and carbon and other atmospheric pollutants. that are evident on wany buildings in the lover elevations of the Sountown area of El Paso, Chemical cleaning 15 not required. B. _Terra-Cotta: Several terracotta elements are experiencing sone of the Five comon deterioration prablens noted under 11.C above and described in Appendix "A". At lower levels subject to daily use there is a considerable anount of ‘chipping. _ These chips appear to be of the type resulting from impact rather than’ sone internal failure Source. See Photograph No. 7. Examples of water-related problens such as glaze spalling (see Photographs No, 8 and No. 9) and material spalling (see Photograph Wo. 10) are evident. There are also. some instances of missing units (see Photographs ta, 11, Now 13 te, 13 and No, 14), nen relate to wavar=cavsed problenss There are a few areas of inappropriate repair which were probably done in emergency situations or under Budget constraints. See Photographs Wo. 11, No. Yana No. 15. A great det] of the terra-cotta work requires extensive repointing (joint repair). See Photographs Ho. 10, Wo. 16, to. 17 and to. 18. The most severe of the trrra-cotta problens at El Paso High are occurring at the large, encircling entablature at a position near the fourth floor level. This complex array of orea-cotta units projects outward from the sain building face "3°-0" and is approximately 2'-6" high. There are visible signs of water infiltration and staining, splits and ruptures in some of the ferra-cotta soffit units (underside of projection). See Photographs No. 19, No. 20, No. 21. and No. 22. Cracking of several top units of the entablature were also noted (see Protograpns No. 23 and 24), These types of cracks led to the complete failure ‘of a. small piece which nas completely disengaged (see Photograph No, 21). The wajority of this distress occurs on the north side (Schuster. Street) of the building. ese visible signs of deterioration led fo the decision to renave a unit of terra-cotta from the upper portion of the entablature in the ‘general area of these distresses in order to attempt to Sesess, possible internal camage to anchoring systens, etc. This removal took place on June 8, 1983. The renoval of terra-cotta was executed by a tile mechanic and helper untilizing a circular power saw with carborundun blade to make initial cuts (See Photograph 25). After renoval of the piece outlined by saw cuts, the remainder of the unit was broken out in small pieces by gently tapping with a Page 5 of 10 : C C hammer. Complete reaoval of the unit revealed the interior cavity of the terracotta work. The original I-beam outriggers and continuous angles (see Exhibit 1 and Protograpns to. 25 ant No. 77) wore immediately recognizable. Two (2) adjustable rod-type rangers were visible (see Photograph No. 2B). ALT metat parts = outriggers, hangers, atc. - exhibit signs of rusting, The hanger rods Show graduations in diameter indicating some possible loss of material through the rusting process. One of the hanger rods is loose and it 1s soeculated Syst Us as never cigncined in tne original ‘cnstruction see Photograph Ho. 29). As” the “manger "rods are iagarted through the holes ‘in the mess af. the terra-cotta soffit units and thus hold the units in place, no attenpts were made to further uncover the tower end of the hangers for fear of dislodging the unit. The cracking of the terracotta units at £1 Paso High can be attributed to Several factors and/er conbinations of factors. Snill areas of material spalling, first caused by internal water pressures in the material. or originally defective material, create entryways through the hard gleze which Permit more water infiltration. — Upen mortar joints also allow water entry. Freeze/thaw cycles or indeed the hot-day /cool -night. cycles experienced in the El Paso area acting on the water-saturated units create stresses beyond the Capacity of the material, causing splits and cracks. The results are very much as if a clay pot were soaked in water, then frozen, then placed in an extremely hot oven. It'would undoubtedly crack: The existing cracked terre-cotta units at £1 Paso High need attention if the remaining parts are to survive. The current conditions of cracks and open ortar joints are allowing mora water to enter the system which will probably result not only in more material deterioration but also in deterioretion oF the metal anchorage systens. During the last ten years the incidents of open mortar joints in this 67 yoar old building has increased dramatically. A survey of the existing terra-cotta indicates a significant number of pieces around the but iding reed ‘immediate attention. This survey was conducted with the “help of Howard Oudding, the Gladsing-MeUean representative from Houston (see ten III A. 6 above). This does not include many chipped pieces needing only cosmetic repair. Visual inspections of the exterior of terra-cotta unfortunately cannot reves! conditions within the follow cavities” that exist with the’ projected’ tee applications used at £1 Paso liign at the mtablature, The deterioration of ‘the metal anchoring systen within these civaties ts. the mst difficult. of all terra-cotta problens to locate ar diagnose. tlie portions of metal anchorage system that were exosed do exhibit rusting and sow: loosening af connections Rusting in general should be expected as galvanized or similarly treated metals were not extensively used at the tine this building was constructed. This “should not be construed to man that metal anchors are at the point of failure. The fact tat 3 very nigh percentage of terracotta units at the entablature ere not cracked could indicate Just the opposite -a relatively sound condition. “Tn fact, ltr. thdding of Gladding, wns ven out of Houston sas pleased to see’ that tne rusting was mild conpared to examples he has seen in the ‘humid coastal climate of Houston and Galveston. He observed that in ET Faso's “dry ‘desert climate most of the hanger metal is still intact. There is no way to determine precisely the condition of metal anchorage systen short of removing all pieces "a prohibitive situation. Page 6 of 10 . ¢ c All of the experts that have seen the building agree that complete replacement of the metal anchorage system is cost prohibitive and unnecessary. Investigation of obvious problem areas and their repair vill be accomplished during ‘the work but it must be recognized that. new or existing anchorage. Problens my occur at any tine in the life of the buildirg. It is therefore. necessary that a periodic inspection and maintenance program be established. Tor. the building. Tt was also noted that caulking material was used to replace open sorter Joints in years past. This prevented water that entered the system from escaping and increased the problem. It should a1s0 be recognized that there are several thousand terra-cotta units at 1 Paso High tnat are oui lt solidly into the masonry construction without metal hangers (see Exhibit 1), The units thus installed appear to pose no Sertous problens. There are two terra-cotta halustrades (rows of balusters) on the building. One occurs at the second floor level on the north and west sides and the other at the parapet (top of building) on all six elevations. Except for 2 few Vocations (see Photographs to. 11 and Na, 12) the balustrade materials are in good condition. Almost all of the balustrades, however are loose in varying degrees and need reanchoring. Six (6) balustrades are completely missing, Sone terra-cotta railings at” these balustrades also need replacenent. in addition there are locations where the railings need to be disassembled and rebuilt. C. Windows: There are over $00 wood windows at €1 Paso Highs Four-hundred and eighty-five (485) of these are single nung (potton half operable). The exterior and interior sides of the windows were re-painted in the summer of 1982. ach operable window needs one or more of the following items of general repair: 1, Replace entire window, 2, Weatherstripping. 3, New botton $111. 4. Mardvare. 5. Replacement of miscellaneous parts (wood). 6. Adjustments for operation. 7, Touch-up painting following repairs. 8. Reglazing fol lowing repairs. D. General: There are several areas where evaporative coolers have been installed around the builéing, mostly at the ground level. The Installation of several of these units should be restudied in that some water danage. to terracotta is being experienced as water averfows, etc. See Photograph No. 30, The lawn watering systea is also constantly wetting some areas. of the building, wnich can contribute to brick and terra-cotta deterioration. See Page 7 of 10 . ¢ C Photograph No. 31. The roof of the pavilion needs replacement and the roof drains discharging from this area need to be relocated and/or extended to stop the ‘concentrated flow of rainwater over the terra ‘cotta surfaces” See Photograph tio. 32. RECOMMENDATIONS. A. Brick. flefore any other work is done, all brickwork should be washed down fron the top of tne hutlding to the hottom utilizing a high-pressure Steam or warmanter spray only. AS it was determined from on-site tests that chemical cleaning of the brick was not warranted, the main purpose of this Pressurized spray would be to clean the mortar joints to assure a better color ‘match for new nortar and to disindge loose mortar that may otherwise be undetectable, Mter washing, 211 loose and/or open wortar joints should be cleaned out and re-mortared with material that matenes the conporition, strength and color of tthe original mortar as closely as possible. Brick that have deen etched by sandblasting to remove graffiti are Stitl Serviceable and should probably be sealed to slow down further decay. It is Fecomended that sandblasting be discontinued as a graffiti control method and some type of chemical remover be used in the future. 8. Terra-Cotta, The original ground-level surveys of the exterior of £1 Paso ign Tmedietely brought into focus the terra-cotta problems. The severity of the probiens in some areas are depicted in the photographs attached to this “report. It must be notad thet the photographs. are’ of isolated cases and do not ‘accurately portray the overal] general apearance of the building nor the overal? ganarat condition of the Hterally thousands of terra-cotta units on the building. After @ thorough evaluation of all factors and consultations with persons knowledgeable in the field of terra-cotta, the following items are recomended: 1. Replace deteriorated terra-cotta units with new pieces to match existing. This tnvolves at the oltset, numerous precss. Tas "inckine™ replacement. Ys. quite possible today on eis Iistted basis. Tt involves the making of master mds for each different shape needed and the hand-naking of reproductions from the melds. There is a tendancy today to replace danaged omnanental terra~otta work with sinpler, less expensive and more readily ava\lable mehine- hace units, or perhaps to use fiberglass. reproductions. "A decision in this direction should not be supported as this type of corraction inevitably diminishes the character and integrity of the building and 13 not deemed a suitable solution for a building Visted in the Nation! Register of Historic Places, It will be necessary in the bid documents to include unit prices for additional pieces (material and labor) as it is almost certain that 45 the work progresses, the need for additional replacements will arise and contingency funds should be available to cover this sventually. 2 Repair balusters ‘The balusters should be repaired. The Page 8 of 10, . € C sajority of the sone 900 balusters are loose and need reanchoring. This will necessitate removal of existing martar joints at the too and botton of each baluster, placement of securing wedges and re~ mortaring. Cracked units of railing caps should be removed and replaced and missing parts remade and replaced. Loose rail caps should be disessenbled and rebuilt. All replacement unfts. should be in new terracotta material. 3. Ke-point joints in ali terra-cotta work. The terra-cotta work at er habe HGR Has resched Ele polneIeTEEoT ear te seers deterioration will undoubtedly accelerate unless this preventative maintenance is undertaken. Evan though some joints appear. to be in good condition it is uniformly recomended by the terra-cotta experts Consulted that because of the age of tne building and the rapid deterioration of these joints in the past decade, that all joints be repaired. This repointing (repairing) will require the utmost. seiT1s, of the masonry trade. Uld material mst be removed to a depth of approximately 1/2" and then carefully replaced. Replacement. materia) must be of a compressive strength which is lower than the terra-cotte material 30 formulation and control of mix throughout the entire progect. is essential. Hard mortar (portland cements) can cause point -loasing and say retard the outward migration of absorbed water through the mortar joints. Modern waterproof caulking coupounds should likewise not be used as they will also impede the normal migration of wate; These factors will require a very denanding specification, quality workmanship and comprehensive supervision. 4. Repair operable windows as reqvired. Each of the almost 500 operable windove need-Sone degree oY york. ony need’ to nave sesther- stripping repaired and/or replaced. Each’ window reeds one or more of ‘the resaining seven itens noted under IV. C. above. ‘The recomendations noted above regarding terra-cotta work were reached after several visual inspections of the building were mide, one of these with the help, of “Hr. Dudding of Gladding-Hetean. In addition, flr. Theodore Pradon wos furnished with copies of the photographic survey and drawings, Although he did not nave a firstchand Took at the building, he felt that it was in good condition, for tie mst part, as did Mr. Dudding. Soth men feel that because of El Paso's dry climte there is limited deterioration and we are fortunate to be able to correct the situation by the relatively easy nethod of replacing damaged units and re-veatherprooting the walls. When this investigation was started, there was a real fear that the damage wight be so extensive that corrective measures were economically imprectical. This has not bez the case. The masonry wall constevct ion has served the building well fo 67 years and with the corrective measures recomended and With periodic maintenance, should continue to do so {n the futures In response to ir. Schieman's original chacgo to ‘eliminate Sezardous conditions....*, there can be no guarantee that the corrective measures recomended’ ‘above will provide absolute relief from aii hazards, The measures and the continuing maintenance program mentioned earlier will halt the current Geterforetion in ‘severely distressed areas, will retard the start of new Gistress and will reduce the hazards to a minimal risk. [tis our opinion that more extensive work such as a complete renoval and replacenent of all the terra-cotta costing nillions of dollars will not appreciably reduce this, degree of risk. Page 9 of 10 B iC C WE cost estimare The work outlined herein is estimated to cost the followin Terra-Cotta & Brick Restoration 1. Point Terra cotta $60,000 2 Clean & Point Brick 40,000 3. ew Terra Cotta General Replacement 102,000 Rebuild Balconies 16,000 Rebuild Damaged Cornices 30,000 Repair Pavitiion & Roof 23,000 Replace Ballasters 77,000 4. Repair Windows, Doors & Glass 300,000 598,000 Overhead @ 10% 59,200 Subtotal $657,800 6. Profit ® 10% 65, 780 Subtotal $723,580 7. Contingencies © 10% 12,358 TOTAL $795,938 * Add For Wetal Windows in Yeu of wood window repair 180,000 ‘Total for metal windows $480,000 (nat including necessary revisions to existing audio-visual blinds). ‘At the present tine our consulting engineer, te G. Coleman, is investigating the possibility of eliminating the existing exterior mounted evaporative coolers and A/C units. Costs for this work are not. included in the est inate at this tine, Page 10 of 10 if Hy FF Hy f ri retnarant ee eons Soca eee Fumigation Means Sanitation Sanitation Means Life and Health Sp FORMA-GERMKILL Sore | Fee Go gle Tere RO pA iii i ABLE Neier tliat Feige iia i He neu Los Hie 4 Govgle Go. gle THE AMERICAN School Board Journal August, 1917 The Bruce Publishing Company MILWAUKEE, WIS. 1m OhacRpee|gfBbe Notional Education Assocation ot Portland The Superintendent of this School Said: “The plumbing is to be the best that modern science can devise,” it is! ‘The Fixtures installed and their description: Incorporate CLOW plumbing In your specifeations JAMES B. CLOW & SONS THE svn Ae . Representative American | ‘Scho. Clow School Plumbing “pie The Modern School makes Clow the rule! —and here is some proof. Architects specify CLOW PLUMBING on its record of sanitation, efficiency and economy Clow Plumbing ‘was specified for these repre- fects of feputaton, backed by Boards of Education of equal reputation. Clow Automatic years What more Sirly nothing beter can te co | RAE Tecoue te falls taventgeion of our every Bt JAMES B. CLOW & SONS United States Department of the Int Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form ‘nde common, 2. Location rect & rumber___1600 North Virginia 4, . ety. town £1 Paso —vcotyot cong ss Texas code 048 county _ET Paso cous UM 3. Classification Catosery Ownership Sas Spats Cesta, Fete =e oe “evento Fre Recultion eta Peeps errenmet tale lire sown =nmery 4. Owner of Property wane ___£1 Paso Independent School oistrict soot numer 6531 Boeing — eyo sine_Texs El Paso City-County Builéing San Antont Street ‘ty town £1 Paso ste _Texas 6. Representation in Existing Surveys tite Historic Sites Inventory ths this property been determined elgitie? yes no date 1975 Atederal X_ state county teat ide Texas Histor‘ eposton for survey re it __ Austin ate Tex 7. Description Condition Check one Check one “Breeton —__seteorates “X"natarea —“Xvignal ate ‘008, alps ‘teed moved date =i Unerosed Sited at the base of the Franklin Yountains, E1 Paso High School fs a brick and terra cotta structure consisting of a raised basenent and three stories, erected in 1916 in a Classic fevival style. The ell-shaped plan is realized in txo perpendicular wines which meet at Fight angles with an elaborately detailed entrance pavilion crossing the inside of the el] ata 45 degree angle. Trost and Trost, an early 20th century El Paso architectural firm those work was prominent ‘throuchout the southwest for many years, is credited with the in- novative plan of this edycational facility which conbines the school Suildinc and athletic field in an integrally related desion. Constructed on the northvest comer of a square city Tot, the building, elegantly detailed with classical elenents, forms. an inpressive backérap'for the athsite field vhich fs aligned agonaNly across the appronnately 3.5 acre Tot. The field is enbraced with concrete bleachers built into slopes that rise sharply around it on the north, west, and south sides. Further elevated beyond the western seating sec- tion, the buflding dontnates the canpus with a comanding view of the playing field, the lengthwise axis of which is alioned with the school's monumental entrance pavilion. The inside of the e17 or eastern oblique, which faces the playing field, is treated as the “front of the building. Symmtricaily balanced, this side consists of a colossal. pedin- ented portico in the center flanked by wings which extend to the northeast and southeast and terminate in lesser pavilions. Terrazo steps flanked with brick and terra cotta bases ascend the main entrance on the first floor. Six fluted colums rise tyo stories to support the Corinthian crder which includes the typical acanthus leaf capitals, prominent entablature with "El Paso High School carved in the frieze area, and a pediment adomed with dentils, modillions, and other classical motifs. Behind the pediment an attic story, also decorated with classical notifsyrises above the roofline of the pavilion's flankine wines, further increasing the visual” impact, of the dominant central feature. Beyond the colums a brick facade 1s pierced with iulti-paned windows and a central, double-door entrance marked with a scrol7- supported, dentilled cornice. Recessed on either side of the entrance block, walls. punc- ‘tuated with three-part window corpositions and ground floor entrances extend'in a plane that is parallel to the plane of the main pediment, then abruptly tum 45 degrees and ex- tend in the wings of the elT. Each wing ts divided into a tripartite scheme which consists of a base (raised basement) Sishaft' (floors one ond two), and an attie story {third floor). "The snacorned bese 1s, Fierced with multi-pared windows occurring in pairs and triplets and terminated with 2 String course fron which brick pilasters that span tvo floors rise. Pairs of windows are incorporated in the recessed bays betueen the pilasters on both the first and second THoors.. he pilasters. support a prominent yet sirply detailed frieze band and cornice on vinich the atthe story rests, The attic is plereed with single windows. and typed with & ontinuous balustrade of brick posts and tured merbers. Each wing terminates in. Da ‘Thon that steps forard stigntly.Poirs of pilesters define @ sinale bay wich is infiTTed with windows on each Tevel. “The: flrst floor Features, Pal ledian-type window inits that cone Sist of'e central pedinented window with retaining balustrade, flanked by two lesser wincovs. United States Department of the Interior Heritage Conservation and Recreation rvice National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form Continuation shoot 1 tem number 7 Poge See tember 7 ret Steps ascend a central pedimented entrance on the first floor of the end facade of each wing. Decorative elements and fenestration patterns in the established format are rep- eated on these facades as well as those on the northwest and southwest which front. on Schuster and Virginia Streets respectively. The street facades consisting of a long, recessed bay terminated with stepped pavilions on elther end are not symmetrical, Each features an off-center entrance and a single story space with nunerous winds protrudes rom the ground floor on the souttwest facade. Unlike the front facade, the window bays are retained with a balustrade that spans the first floor level. The e11 plan and its long, axial hallways was conducive to the efficient orsantzation of @ high sctool. The lunch’room, auditorium, library, and administrative offices used by all students were located in the central séction of the building while the more special- ized activities were provided for in the wings. Gymasiuns originally occupied each end pavition an the oround floor allowing separate facilities for the sexes. In addition, the industrial arts and hone economics facilities were located on this floor. The auditorfun, adninistrative offices, classroons, and student lounges were on the first floor while the second Floor contained the Tibrary, study halls, locker rooms, and more classrooms. The ‘third floar,with skylights and special ventilation devices, was designed with lecture rooms and Taboratories for the sciences, labs for mechanical drawing and art, and instruction in office skills and music. Originally a roof garden covered the entire buflding. The high renained in continual use since its completion although the spatial al locations 2 been fodified to acconodate the changing needs of the student body. The exter- Jor of the building and the carpus layout retain thelr orfginal appearance. 8. Significance Period ‘Areas of Significance—Chack and justity below —T"prohstore —"~archeology-penstone ——comminty planning —lendscepe architecture religion {400-1409 archeologyhistor | conservation Stew —tetence —te00-1808 care —seonamice erature seetptire —e00-1699, “XC aremtectre AL taveation —rattary toca Syne an engineering ‘musle humanitarian —thoo-1889 — commerce ‘xploationbatement —phlisophy Litter AL 1900-" communications industry polis government ——treneportaton invention Sommer (epee) De ideriArchitect Trost and Trost Statoment of Significance (In one paragraph) baa igh Schools the oldest reauining and first separate ich sehool in the efty, has been in continuous ise since its completion in 1916. This outstandine example of early, 20th century Keo-Classicism, one of the most notevorthy examples in the state, attests the Planning and aesthetic achievenents of the architectural firm of Trost and Trost, The un- Uususuel layout of the canpus incorrorates the athletic playing field and school buildine ‘in a monumental design. In additfen, the school's auditorium has since becone the first. Center for the Performine Arts of the ET Paso Independent. School Systen. Established in £1 Paso in the first decade of the 20th century, the architectural firm of Trost and Trost wes headed by Henry C. Trost along with his brother, Gustavos Adolphus. and cousin,Georce Ernest. Henry, the firm's principal desicner, had previgusly Tived and’ prac- ticed In Chicaco and a number of other cities in the south and west. The more than £00 buildines constructed throughout the southwest that are attributed to the firm show @ refreshing originality and sophisticated comprehension of the various stylistic moverents of the tum of the century. | Anong Trost's £1 Paso structures, his om hone \ias listed 1/12/78 and the Hotel Paso’ del Norte 1/18/79, vhile a thematic nomination which includes 18 early 20th century commercial structures in the Central Susiness District, vas submitted 3n7/e0. Several schools throughout the country were examined before the E1 Paso facility was planed. The resulting design, executed in 1914, was an ingenious solution which exribits rational programing. spatial econorics. and magnificent vieual presence, Finely proportioned on grand scale, the elecantly detailed building is one of Texas’ finest exarples of the Classic Revival movement. J. £. Norgan constructed the concrete frame of the building in 1915 and the Anerican Construction Company of Houston completed the work. The heating end ventilating contract went to Elliott Engineering Company of E1 Paso and the stadium, with @ capacity ‘of 12,000, was constructed by J. F. Woodward, Jr. 9. Major Bibliographical References Gonzales, Eloise, "Teen Tines,” El Paso Times, Decenber 13, 1975 Milter, fancy, 10. Geographical wie ‘Acreage of nominated property approximately 9.5. pone WOW i uedrangle name “Lua! Lalsalo.gs! Lass la6lo00) "loa! lswlenot fashisleal Zone Eavting Nothieg Zone Easting Nthing eLaal Lalsielz95} 135116 10247, els) blsi8y80) bel 630 eLitLiitii) Lititiis FLiy Lbs ti) Loti ti) sLiJ Lites) Lititiis HLid Lada bit Property bounded on the north by Schuster Strest,on the east by Och: west by Virginia Street, and on the north by Brown Steet. Street, on the ‘tates and counties for properties overlapping state or county boundariea sate ™ code county i code wate code county code 11. Form Prepared By ramaitte Linda C. Flory. Historian Septenber 9, 1980 312-475-3098 cxpaniznton Texas Historical Commission sreet & number Ps 0. Box 12276 nit oboe, ctyortown _ Austin wae, Texts, 79711 12. State Historic Preservation Officer Certification ‘The evauste slgniieance ofthis alone! katate toca {ss the designated State Historie Preservation Ole forte National Wis {69),Inareby nominate tha propery friction Inte Nalonl Regia ‘ecording tothe everia and procedures sel forth by Ue Hoag ropety within he sate State Hsore Preservation Office sgnature tite State Historic Preservation Officer Property 3 “D) oe thy TH 40 fan ti Mie 6 hh soe TECHNICAL 7 CONTROL Photos ©, Naps. Etlink saeryoh fry BAC Shee Clos rm 3 rr mmamen th dhs om HISTORIAN angola poly Yall wl ached tlltsp is obtad ~ pod npr aceyet Chavent— Bee ae GER ONO? aa Tp G WR exits “ARCHITECTURAL HISTORIAN ARCHEOLOGIST: OTHER HAER Inventory Review REVIEW UNIT CHIEF BRANCH CHIEF KEEPER ations! Register write-up Send-back entered Bp 4g Federal Register Entry © A= 2-Y2- Resubmit United States Department of the Interior - Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service OBL 1 1 yore 950 1 # ojoug sem Guroes exoues ‘enbyTqo Zeeetyyncg DI, Je BTTE UO eAT|eBoU AdoD0;0uE ‘TyouneD quepnas TooyDs UBTH osea Tz Ase =3NOD TeUTBTIO !0E-SzET “eo ‘OTIEISTH :o30NE sexeg ‘Aqunoo osea TE ‘Osta TH erurBztA Y370N 00ST canes TOOWeS UTE ota TE iB 11 10N 9 FO z # on0ua asomujaou Buses Bxouwo ‘onbiTq0 aseoyanos ‘Trezep souerua ONL 38 9TTZ Uo eaTzeBou Adooozoua ‘TFOUNED auEPNIS ToOHDS USTH Osea Ta hee ~a7me2 TeUTSTIO ‘oE-szeT “eo ‘opa0asTH :on0ua sexez, *hjU0p osea Ta ‘onea Ta SEUTBITA WZ0N Q09T Toouss UBTH ose Ty 0861 Fz 43S O6El ) 9 30 © # onouE mow mOzA ‘TTEIep TOy7eqUT DHE 38 STTZ UC caTaLBoU AdoDo30ya ‘TFOuNoD 3uepn3s ToouDs YBTH osea Ta ASO -31N0D TRUTSTIO ‘0€-sz6T ‘E> ‘DFIOISTH :030ya sexo], ‘AjunOD Osea TS ‘osea Ta eyUrBz70 Y370N 00ST Toouss yerH osea TH ove 2 das 930% # oacua 380m BuyDeZ exoweD ‘onbyTqo asveusnos DHL 9© TTS Uo eny4EBoN SL/9 ‘Kouex extn ro304a sexoy ‘A3unop osed Ta ‘osva Ta SFUTBATA WAION OST Toous YSTH Osea TH gsr ¥ 2 43S OB 1 AON 9 50 $ # ojoua qsee BuTDes eroUED ‘oNDETGO 4sOMI3z0N HL 38 8TTz uo ont3eboN Si/9 ‘Aouex oxH toxoua sexay ‘Agun09 osea Ta ‘osed Ta ‘BTUTBITA Y330N 00ST Toouss uBTH Osea Ta 0861 ¥ 2 435 861 1 | poy 9 50 9 # ox0ua umypz0atpny ‘TFEsep soyIO3Uy OBL 32 OTTZ uo oaTaesON SL/9 ‘Kowex expw :030ca sexog ‘Aztmop osea Ta ‘osea 12 PEUTSzTA W3A0N 00ST as ToouDs UBTH osed Ts 0861 Fe BOREES my THE NATIONAL REGISTER Nov TT & Date Entered Iecation 3 Paso Bigh Schock, 1 Paso Hi Paso Comey: iso wotitiea Yonorable Lioyd Bentsen Honorable Joka @. Tower State Historie Preservation Officer Honorable Richerd C, White Me, Trust Latimer Bescutive Director (2a__ dyers/ojx/11/24/80 ‘Tere State Historical Comtesion P.O. Box 12276, Capitol Station For further information, please call the National Register at (202)343-6i01. Austin, Teme 78711, > TS SESE Teoh, sn floingpopstae have ban seve by worthy of placenent on the TL Paso Historic Register, and HERES, such designation would be in accordance with the omners' wishes, NW THEREFORE, BE 17 RESOLVED BY THE CITY COUNCEL OF THE ‘mat the following properties be and are hereby placed on the 1 2as0 Hiatoxie Register: 2.501 Los Angeles Drive ~ Sunset Heights 2, S0te-Rlo-eance—sunset-teights 3.607 W, Yandel ~ Sunset Heights 4. 902 W, YandeLl = Sunset Heighte 5. SBe-WoHandel2 Sunset Heights: 6. a00-th-esa(Cortes Hotel 8.1819 Golden #12 terrace 20. 3903 Frutas (former Mitchel Brewery) noorano ents)“ cay ot SQWewatee., 1901. arrest: we ABPROVID AS TO CONTENT: APPROVED AS TO FoRM: LER ay seelitvce Bapareeene of Planing, — catane City RECON Research and Developeant ‘Texas Historical Commission staff (SEM), 2/2/2016 27" x 42" Official Texas Histrical EL PASO HIGH SCHOOL ‘THE OLDEST EXISTING HIGH SCHOOL BUILDING IN EL PASO, THIS FOUR-STORY STRUCTURE WAS ALSO THE FIRST SEPARATE FACILITY IN THE CITY CONSTRUCTED FOR USE AS A HIGH SCHOOL. BEGUN IN 1914, IT WAS COMPLETED TWO YEARS LATER. THE PROMINENT EL PASO ARCHITECTURAL FIRM OF TROST AND TROST DESIGNED THE BUILDING, UTILIZING IDEAS FROM EXISTING SCHOOL FACILITIES. THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES. THE RESULT WAS A NOVEL PLAN THAT INCORPORATED THE ATHLETIC FIELD, WHICH WAS BUILT BY JF. WOODWARD, JR, INTO THE OVERALL ACADEMIC CENTER. ONE OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES OF THE CLASSICAL REVIVAL STYLE IN TEXAS, THE EL PASO HIGH SCHOOL WAS BUILT BY J.E. MORGAN AND BY THE AMERICAN ‘CONSTRUCTION COMPANY OF HOUSTON. THE STRUCTURE FEATURES INTRICATE DETAILING, ELABORATE COLUMNS AND A DOMINANT CENTRAL PAVILION THAT HOUSES THE AUDITORIUM, WHEN THE SCHOOL WAS CONSTRUCTED, IT INCLUDED SUCH INNOVATIVE IDEAS AS A CADET CORPS ARMORY, A FOUR-BEDROOM APARTMENT FOR THE DOMESTIC ARTS CLASSES, A ROOFTOP GARDEN, AND DRAWING ROOMS AND LABORATORY AREAS WITH SKYLIGHTS, SITUATED IN THE FOOTHILLS OF THE FRANKLIN MOUNTAINS, EL PASO HIGH SCHOOL IS A LANDMARK IN THE CITY. SINCE 1916, IT HAS BEEN THE ALMA MATER OF MANY PROMINENT BUSINESS, PROFESSIONAL AND CIVIC LEADERS. RECORDED TEXAS HISTORIC LANDMARK 2015 MARKER IS PROPERTY OF THE STATE OF TEXAS BL Paso High School ALetory po BL Paso High School, the oldest exteting and the firet separate high school in E1 Paso was constructed to provide higher education for the inhabitants of the EL Pano avea, The bullding te still being used for his purpose with the auditorium ow used ae the firet Center for the Performing Arts of the El Paso Independent School Syatea. School construction beger in the late fall of 1916 by the architectural fire of Trost and Trost, Trost and Trost traveled widely across the United States tn order to examine the best high schools in the country and gather ideas for the construction of this school, Considerations used by Trost and Trost in determining the shape of the school, which ts two perpendicular wings attached by a center pavilion, relate to the educational use of the bulding, the econeny of the plan, and the use of the area for athletics, Also, consideration vas given to any future erection of bulldings Which might be needed. Thic wes done by allowing the echool butlding and stadium to be us fected Lf new butldings vere to be erected. Among the unique features vhich distinguteh 1 Paso High from other schools built at the time is the location of the Auditorium, The Auditorium ig situated Between the tvo wings in the citer pavilion. Other features include an armory for use by the cadet corp: 4 four-room apartment for the donestic arts, a roof garden over the entire building, the location of the Library midway between two study halls, and the placing of all the laboratories and drawing rooms on the top floor with skylights provided for additional Lighting and vent{letion. Also, separate gymnasiums vare constzucted for use by the gitle and boys physical sedueatton cla Tn 1915, J, 2, Morgan constructed the concrete frane and the Anerican Construction Company of Hovston completed the work. The stadim seating wae built by J, F. Woodyard Je. and hole 12,000 people. The heating and ventilating contract went to the Elliott Engineertag Company of El Paso, Zl Paso High School vas conpleted and opened in 1916. BL Pa High School, the oldest existing and first seperate high school of 1 Paso, Texas, sits on mountainside site at the foot of the Franklin Mountains overlooking the central portion of the city and tts boundary with Mexico. The building te noteverthy decause it exhibits a unique architectural design and intricate vorkuanshtp. Designed fe 4 classic revival building by Trost and Trost architects and erected in 1916, the brick and terra cotta building consists of two perpendicular wings connected at a 45 degree angle at their intersection by « center pavilion, This center pavilion 4s the Front of the school vith one of the connecting wings facing east tovards Ange Street ‘and the other wings facing South to CLISE Street. The back of the school feces Virginia Street to the West and Schuster Street (known as High Street vhen it was buflt) to the Worth. The building ie reninfscent of Greek and Ronan architecture, with {ts central and the pavilion adorned by a repeating ornmentel design. The facade of the two win center pavilion are shown in photo one. The center pavilion, # Corinthian porch, overlooks the athletic field. Terrazo steps lead up this main entry to the school. ‘The steps are flanked by brick and terra cotta tried bases each sustaining # cast Sron candelabra. At the top of the steps, efx terra cotta pillars support @ pedinent and entablature on which the name of the ‘school 1s insceibed, two doors Lead ro the first Floor of the four story butlding. Below thts first floor ts the ground floor, The other two stories are designated the second an third floors. Above the front doors ta a bronze tablet furnished by the school board and inset by the contractor which reads: "CULTIVATED MIND IS THE GUIDING GENIUS OF DEYOCRAGY: IT IS THE ONLY DICTATOR THAT FRIEEMEN ACKNOWLEDGE AND ‘THE ONLY SBCURITY THAT FREMIEW DESTRE--MIRBEA B. LAMAR." ‘The but lding hi © fae roof with the wings adorned by terra cotta balusters. The outer walle of the wings, each approximately 293 feet by 82 feet, are constructed of brick trismed vith terra cotta, Although simpler in detatl than the center pavillion, che wing facade Is also adorned, Brick panels under several first and second floor windous provide decoration, and a Firat Floor window at the end of each ving Le graced by 4 pediment and bulluster decorated balcony. The central pavilion entry 1 la directly to the recently renovated auditorium. Hallways and steizs lead to the clas oons, Library and adnintetrative offices, The cafeteria, gymnsetua, and band room are on the ground floor, Although the school has boon in continuous use since it vas bulit, and the floor epace allocation has been sonevhat altered; in general, the intent of the design ts still being folloved. Gna Ulerte APPLICATION FORM FOR OFFICIAL TEXAS HISTORICAL MARKER. "TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION P.O. Box 12278, Austin, Texas 78711 ‘Awe histo, signed by he attr, must secampany ti form Before I wil be ascent 0 ph nw soon SSG TR, Ewes PST TS PRT Rand des hase waa 3 3600.4. Wir ae et acer or NAY AIRSET Sees ae ohana nas 5 Marker on stte Bate een jars, fey SE ara wor ah a wan) BURT Ton at a ar a, "BORE Sas ee on a Fiyy oa Sal cogmunilyyou mk bay aaa hw wo gt er a iowa Gepcen Tons map. Fr example: “ate! en Baton Sate, wach mle ¢ BL Paso Independent School District 6531 Boeing Dre HL Paso _7992% ‘Done of mate ste ae cy Spanner ata aaa oy [Phe read the para forthe make and et to i ecu. Col and Side Weodside =. Pease Son name ator aie i Fete mara Tobe poet on 8 Ripay veh. nay, il oulomately be sipped to your eat ngoy anne 10. = ‘aoe to wich marie wit beached (a, wood, BE, HGES BF ER) RR BF PRE ORDER FORM SSS Sey perso arene ede oe gpa ‘Eonar "ee cit tent Te Fn ol et tf wg i: ' t 1 ' f | ' ! ' ' 1 1 1 ! I | | ' 5 eg Li a = 5 i z i | | I | ! ! 1 ! ' HISTORICAL MARKERS HIGHWAY DIRECTIONAL SIGN 1 16 12" om mura (conan oth moving br... S18 eee quty Se nd gato G fess ta: Steg maw pt Sis SL in fearing tor +6 6) ce ema sin 3,8 Begs tort ats nd Olnes eee E275 ert ai ama 8B es mre a5 bee fase erie oa) se 25 est nan ot i BB se ae- sce mae’ wnt ost Es 1 | REPLACEMENT MARKERS 1 1 ra eave. tine mah ia bul page nty : mean on parlght ith rps of marker inde § 50 “+ UNITEDSTATLS DEPART*IENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONALE ann sworn ro meron montis < any ot 52015, History Programs Division PO. Box 12276, Austin, TX 78711-2276 Phone 512/463.5853 ‘TeiAS HiromCAL commastron history@dhe.stateteot al glee tltng red water Page 7 of 7 ‘Texas Historical Commission 1 "ONIUSENION NH ~ SL9aLMOWY NUOZ TE SINVIINSNOO 73d ZSNUMV HOLOSH soscunaie main ‘WUNG NONUBA NOLWELSININGY — ‘eaea 35000 OIAYG (ty nnn SHEN VIL | ‘ous SOWLVE 130" ‘oor vin S001 THESST “= ue QDaHUOR OURS NID DIA NO“ ru 1510300 050H Ye ulVday ‘S33.1SNUL 40 CHYOR ae SH Fi la sinainoososevt =~ LOIWLSIG IOOHOS INSCNAdSqNI OSVd 14 i et ‘A100 AS BUILT 10/01/13 BO: seysowwate ner emote coaron Anaad isda y wvaal~ S318 1S3M ‘SH Osva 12 Baill bi) he Hi F "7 st a .; c A103 as lil IE abut 10/01/13 fe “4S VINIDUIA Loe ii gh | , Ey ty Pe WHE go “= If E, j Hi il ail isigicn Oeve Tyr ray : Tige Ov i> ‘nme ‘OVE HOOTS GND ‘OuineLE EOL GEM nS ii or ad __ TOouDs uD Se 15a SrA hay Sone YL OAT iam 2) 3; ‘senna ISS A16 TOOUDS HOI OSvs TL agro 0 oe 7, ere if ADM es Se SEES Fell ala Tous uo Os TL Tas = = ar 1OOUDE HOW Os TE “RT YoouTe woWw cava WEITERE le p73 ny. (Miu upnianive wniowe /~ Ts ge “£0 PINIDDIA » arya 1a EL PASO HIGH SCHOOL HISTORIC STRUCTURES REPORT / BUILDING EXTERIOR APPENDIX 2 FINAL Prepared for Paso Independent Schoo! District March 7,209, [Nine Degrees Architecture + Design, Inc. / Gensler TWNH JNoari sminlomusonioIsH Be