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The Declaration of

Independence
A closer look at the first 5 excerpts
from the Declaration of Independence
Excerpt 1
 “When in the Course of human events
it becomes necessary for one people
to dissolve the political bonds which
have connected them with another…
a decent respect to the opinions of
mankind requires that they should
declare the causes which impel them
to the separation.”
Definitions to assist with
paraphrasing (Excerpt 1)
 “When in the Course of human events
it becomes necessary for one people
to end the political ties which have
connected them with another… a
decent respect to the opinions of
mankind requires that they should
declare the causes which force them
to the separation.”
Excerpt 1 Translation
 When people form their own nation,
they should explain why they are
doing it.
Excerpt 2
 “We hold these truths to be self-
evident, that all men are created
equal, that they are endowed by their
Creator with certain unalienable
Rights, that among these are life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”
Definitions to assist with
paraphrasing (Excerpt 2)
 We hold these truths to be obvious,
that all men are created equal, that
they are provided by their Creator
with certain not to be taken away
Rights, that among these are life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Excerpt 2 Translation
 All people are equal and they have
the right to freedom and to live a
happy life.
Excerpt 3
 “That to secure these rights,
Governments are instituted among
Men, deriving their just powers from
the consent of the governed. That
whenever any Form of Government
becomes destructive of these ends, it
is the Right of the People to alter or
to abolish it, and to institute new
Government.”
Definitions to assist with
paraphrasing (Excerpt 3)
 That to keep safe these rights,
Governments are established among
Men, receiving their legal powers
from the agreement of the
governed. That whenever any Form
of Government becomes destructive
of these ends, it is the Right of the
People to change or to get rid of it,
and to institute new Government.
Excerpt 3 Translation
 If the government is not protecting
people, the people should change the
government.
Excerpt 4
 “The history of the present King of
Great Britain is a history of repeated
injuries and unsurpations, all having,
in direct object, the establishment of
an absolute Tyranny over these
States. To prove this, let facts be
submitted to a candid world.”
Definitions to assist with
paraphrasing (Excerpt 4)
 The history of the present King of
Great Britain is a history of repeated
injuries and illegal seizure of
power, all having, the goal of, the
establishment of an absolute
government with an unfair ruler
over these States. To prove this, let
facts be presented to a fair world.
Excerpt 4 Translation
 Great Britain has ruled unfairly. We
present these facts to prove our side
to the world.
Excerpt 5
 “We solemnly publish and declare,
That these United Colonies are, and
of right ought to be Free and
Independent States; that they are
Absolved from all Allegiance to the
British crown, and that all political
connection between them and that
State of Great Britain, is and ought o
be totally dissolved.”
Definitions to assist with
paraphrasing (Excerpt 5)
 We seriously publish and declare,
That these United Colonies are, and
of right out to be Free and
Independent States; that they are
freed from all loyalty to the British
king, and that all political connection
between them and that State of Great
Britain, is and ought to be totally
dissolved.
Excerpt 5 Translation
 We are now an independent nation-
no longer ruled by Great Britain.