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PROJECT REPORT GROUP NO 16

A PROJECT REPORT ON

AUTOMATIC STAMPING MACHINE


SUBMITTED BY GRP 16

SHANTANU CHITNIS 174110032


DISHANT GAWANE 174110052
ARYAN YADAV 174110021
ATHARVA SALOKHE 174110058

DIPLOMA IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


2018-2019
Under the guidance of
Prof. PETER DESOUZA

Mechanical Engineering Department

VEERMATA JIJABAI TECHINICAL INSTITUTE


MUMBAI MATUNGA 400019

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PROJECT REPORT GROUP NO 16

VEERMATA JIJABAI TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

MATUNGA, MUMBAI-400019

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the students mentioned below of three


years course of Diploma in Mechanical Engineering have
submitted the project report entitled ‘AUTOMATIC
STAMPING MACHINE’ satisfactorily.

SHANTANU CHITNIS 174110032

DISHANT GAWANE 174110052

ARYAN YADAV 174110021

ATHARVA SALOKHE 174110058

Internal Examiner External Examiner

Date -

Place - VJTI, Matunga.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
We are glad to present this project about
“Automatic stamping machine”. Many people have directly or
indirectly contributed for successfully planning of this
innovative project. So, we like to express our gratitude towards
them.
We are very much obliged to our project guide PROF.
PETER DESOUZA Sir, of Mechanical Engineering department for
guiding us. His valuable suggestions contributed for systematic
and proper planning of the project. Very much thankful to our
beloved H.O.D. S. D. ROTE Sir, right from the start of the
second year, he always inspired us all the time regarding the
project.
We would also like to thanks the college for giving us the
opportunity of in plant training. This training has help us to get
ideas of various project that are applicable in today’s world.
Finally, the teaching and non-teaching staff has also
help us very much for the proper development of our mind
towards Mechanical field.

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ABSTRACT:

In most of the places like a stamping process is an important


task, thousands of papers get stamped every month. There is
a huge need for some time saving method so that the
procedure of the stamping is easy. So, a cost-effective
method must be found so that there will be stamping will be
easy. The idea if “AUTOMATIC STAMING MACHINE “came into
our mind. The machine will operate on simple and basic
mechanisms like reciprocating and rolling mechanism. Many
industries and post offices use stamping procedure on a large
scale. There will be an ease in doing stamping by using this
machine. The design will be user friendly anyone can operate
it without any problem. The time saved can be useful for
doing other important work. Our group have decided many
projects but this one is something special one, the important
point is the betterment of the society. Hence our group have
successfully planned the project.

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PROJECT REPORT GROUP NO 16

INDEX
Sr no CONTENT Page no

1 PROJECT PLANNING 8

2 SELECTING CORRECT PROJECT 11

3 INTRODUCTION 19

4 CONSTRUCTION 24

5 WORKINGS 28

6 DESIGN 31

7 MATERIAL SELECTION 37

8 FABRICATION 41

9 COST ESTIMATION 45

10 LITREATURE SURVEY 49

11 FUTURE SCOPE 54

12 CONCLUSION 57

13 BIBLOGRAPHY 59

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PROJECT REPORT GROUP NO 16

CHAPTER NO. 01
PROJECT PLANNING

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A) Selection of Group:

Collection of different talents gathered together to form a


potential group with the sole aim of working with dedication to
bring out our best considered.

B) Selection of Project:
Factors for selection of a project:

1) It should be innovative
2) It should be within the limit of financial assistance provided by
the Institute.
3) It should be able to be manufactured in stipulated time.
4) It should be preferably feasible to be manufactured in or work
shop with the existing facilities.

Need: Today's world required speed on each and every field.


Hence rapidness and quick working is the most important. Now
a day for achieving rapidness, various machines and the
equipment are manufactured by the man "Tons of speech is not
equal to an ounce of practice." Goes the professional saying. To
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prove that the same is true with our Institute we thought of


having an innovative project.
The engineer is constantly conformed with the
challenges of bringing ideas and design in to reality new machine
and techniques are being developed continuously to
manufacture various products at the cheaper rates and high
quality. Also, man is always thinking for bringing more and more
changes in the presently available machines to improve its
productivity and efficiency. As a part of this we are thinking to
modify such an accessory on the machine tool that will definitely
help to improve the output of the machine tool.

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CHAPTER N0. 02
SELECTING A CORRECT PROJECT:

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1. Wind operated Water Pump:

Components:
1. Wind Mill
• Blades
• Wind mill head (speed increaser, transmission enc)
• Supporting column
2. Reciprocating Mechanism/Sew saw mechanism
• Disc
• Connecting Rod
• Piston
3. Piston Pump
• Most parts are similar to reciprocating mechanism

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Construction:
Turbine is fixed on crank shaft. Crank shaft is mounted on supporting
stand. To permit relative angular motion crank shaft is mounted between
bearings. One end of connecting rod is connected to crank shaft and other
end connected to sew-saw mechanism by using connecting pin. A piston
rod of pump is connected to one end of sew-saw mechanism.

Working:
When wind is imparted on blade kinetic energy of wind is converted into
mechanical energy as an angular motion of crank shaft. This angular
motion of crank shaft is converted into transverse motion by sew-saw
mechanism. Transverse motion is given to piston of pump so that piston
will start its working. The shaft power can be used to generate electricity
by using alternator, which is mounted on crankshaft.

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2. Pneumatic exoskeleton:
• Exoskeleton have evolved as leading tools for augmenting
able-bodied performance which is assisting human
mobility and restoring lost limb function exploiting
biometric design.
• The device may be worn in close proximity to the body and
transmits torques via powered volute joints and structural
limbs.
• The designed suit reviews the state of the art of active
hand exoskeletons for the applications in the areas of
rehabilitation and Assisi robots.
IDEA:
• The idea behind this project is to develop an inexpensive
and user-friendly system.
• This project shows that it is simple in construction, design
and cheaper. It gives quick response and flexible compared
to hydraulic and electrical type exoskeleton.
• This can be achieved while maintaining simplicity, ease of
use. This pneumatic powered exoskeleton gives quick
response to human action and flexible compared to
hydraulic and electrical type exoskeleton.
• Our project designing is to lift load up to 5-20kgs.

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3. A REMOTE-LESS ELECTRIC SKATEBOARD.

• 1.The concept was simple. The position of your foot


determines the movement of your skateboard.
• There are sensors that will allow the micro-processor to
determine the position of your foot and accordingly, the
task will be executed.
• That is, the skateboard will move forward or backward.
• There is already a company called Z-Board that makes
these, but they are very expensive in the first place and
further they are not as efficient.
• The range usually is 16 miles and top speed 20mph and 24
miles with a range of 20 mph top speed. They, start at
around $1200 for the base model.

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Why the Wind Project Was Unfeasible:


• It is unreliable energy source as winds are uncertain and
unpredictable.
• Wind energy can be harnessed only in those areas where
wind is strong.
• Average efficiency of wind turbine is very less.
• Noise pollution problem is usually associated with wind
mills. At a residential distance of 300 meters (980 ft) this
may be around 45 dbs.

Why the Pneumatic Exoskeletal Project Was


Unfeasible:

• The project seams quite complex in design, for the lifting


work it requires 5 cylinders. And a compressor is also
required.
• Main problem is the design of the circuit. As the lack of
electrical and electronic knowledge, we will not able to
construct such a circuit.
• So, a simple or circuit free project is required.

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Why the Remote-less Skateboard Project Was


Unfeasible:

• The coding into the processor is not easy.


• However, since nobody among us had previously worked
on a project that involved coding, we thought it would be
better to do a project that touched more of the
fundamentals that we have learnt.
• Further we wanted to apply the fundamentals that we
learnt, into our project, so we went on to a newer, better
concept.

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AS BY REJECTING THOSE PROJECT WE CHOOSE THE


FOLLOWING ONE

AUTOMATIC
STAMPING MACHINE

In most of the places like a stamping process is an important


task, thousands of papers get stamped every month. There is
a huge need for some time saving method so that the
procedure of the stamping is easy. So, a cost-effective
method must be found so stamping will be easy. The idea if
“AUTOMATIC STAMING MACHINE “came into our mind. The
machine will operate on simple and basic mechanisms like
reciprocating and rolling mechanism. Many industries and
post offices use stamping procedure on a large scale. There
will be an ease in doing stamping by using this machine. The
design will be user friendly anyone can operate it without any
problem. The time saved can be useful for doing other
important work. Our group have decided many projects but
this one is something special one, the important point is the
betterment of the society. Hence our group have successfully
planned the project.

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CHAPTER NO. 03
INTRODUCTION

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TYPES OF STAMPING MACHINE:

Electro Pneumatic Automatic Stamping Machine:


This research work involves the application of electro pneumatics for
stamping of products using pneumatic cylinder. The proposed work
involves mainly three operations.

1. Clamping 2. Stamping 3. Ejection of products

A PLC (OMRON with 6 inputs and 4 outputs) is going to be used for


controlling sequential operation of three cylinders. A motion diagram is
first developed and studied from the required sequences and
subsequently translated into electrical control circuit. This is again
modified to a ladder program which is utilized by the PLC (Programmable
Logic Controller). The clamping cylinder is used to clamp the work piece,
the stamping cylinder is used to stamp on the work piece and ejection
cylinder is used to eject the work piece. Two direction control valves with
single solenoid is used to control the motion of clamping and ejection
cylinder, a direction control valve with double solenoid is used to control
the motion of the stamping cylinder. Inductive sensor will be used to
check the end position of the cylinders.

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PNEUMATIC STAMPING MACHINE


The pneumatic system has gained a large amount of importance in last
few decades. This importance is due to its accuracy and cost. It can be
operated easily with semi-skilled operators. This convenience in operating
the pneumatic system has made us to design and fabricate this unit which
is operated by pneumatics as our project. The project is further
elaborated to the function of pneumatics with their behavior in several
aspects. This machine has an advantage of working even at low pressures,
that is even pressure of 6 bars is enough for the operation. The
pressurized air passing through the cylinder, forces the piston out whose
power through linkages is transmitted to the work piece. The work piece
thus got it for the required dimensions and the impression is made on it.
Stamping machine uses a mechanism of quick retrieval done by acting of
pressurized air inside of it. The operation of the compressed air is done by
using a solenoid valve. This project also elaborates about the other
applications just by changing its arm. The general purpose of the present
invention, which will be described subsequently in greater details, is to
provide a portable automatic pneumatic stamping machine which has
many advantages of the low power consumption and effective
performance and many specified features of the system, which is not
anticipated. The further objective of the system is, this is susceptible of a
low cost of manufacturing with regards to both cost and labor, and which
accordingly is then susceptible of low prices of sale to the public, so
thereby making such automatic stamping machine are very economically
to available to the public.

CONCEPT

1. The idea behind the project is to create a pneumatic stamping


machine at a very low cost.

2. For branding or stamping, logos is needed and identification of


product.

3. Create impressions on sheet metals for small thickness and


impression on papers.

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Stamping Machine for Small Scale Industries


Packaging is one of the end process of every manufacturing industries as
outputs are required to be stored, protected and shipped according to
customers’ requirements. Most small-scale industries have outsourced
the end process of manufacturing due to high cost of using automated
means of stamping cartons, papers and nylons. Small scale industries have
been accustomed to manual methods of stamping with low machine
efficiency, longer delivery time, high labor costs in a quest to meet
customers’ requirements. This current trend of stamping problems has
made the small-scale enterprises to lose large number of market share to
the large-scale manufacturing outfits. The need to make stamping process
affordable, using easy to maintain machines and also complying to rood
regulatory bodies necessitated the need for this work. An Automated
Stamping Machine driven by pneumatic systems that consists of air
compressor, directional control valves, air service unit was designed,
fabricated, tested and operated. The Fluid software made by Festal
didactic using the cascade method was adopted in the design and
stimulation of the pneumatic circuit. The by-election materials as well as
methods in relation to engineering properties and design parameters
such safety factor, force of rotation, stress analysis, bending moments and
speed of travels were derived during the fabrication processes. Before
starting the stamping operation, the pre packed product is positioned at
the beginning of the belt travel and the belt guide prevents the packed
job from moving out of its travel due to any external constraints.

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CHAPTER N0. 04
CONSTRUCTION

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Construction of Automatic Stamping Machine:

Automatic Paper Stamping Machine which one of the reliable


machines for paper stamping. It consists of two different
mechanisms
• Reciprocating Mechanism
• Indexing Mechanism
Different components used in Automatic Paper Stamping
Machine are as follows:

Following components are of reciprocating mechanism:

Variable Speed Motor:


A variable speed Motor is component of high-performance
residential component in which you can adjust them as per your
requirement. Unlike Single speed Motor that run at full capacity
and then cycle off. A variable speed Motor can operate at high
speed, low speed and anywhere in between. We are going to use
motor having rotary velocity from 30 RPM to 90 RPM and power
may vary from 3 watt to 10 watts.
This is assumed calculated data.

Crankshaft:
A crankshaft is a rotating shaft which (in conjunction with the
connecting rods) converts reciprocating motion of the motor
shaft into linear motion. Crankshafts are commonly used
in internal combustion engines

Connecting Rod: It is mechanical element which help in


connecting the crankshaft to rail and block. It transmits the
motion of crankshaft to rail and block.
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Rail and Block:


Rail is stationary element which is fixed on frame. Rail is provided
with guide ways on which block reciprocates.

Stamp Holding Device:


Its function is similar to lock nut. A ring element has one integral
set screw, locking the ring in place. When the screw is tightened,
then stamp is pressed against the internal section of ring,
Installation is quick as no further locking mechanism is required.

Stamp:
We are going to use self-inking stamp. Because of reciprocating
mechanism paper will be stamped.

Following are the components of Geneva indexing Mechanism:

Geneva Plate:
The Geneva plate is consisting of a plate with a number of slots
cut on it. The orientation is such that the plate has been divided
into the same number of slots as there have to be movements
of the disc. These are exactly equal to the number of the
divisions of the circular disc.

Following are the components of Geneva indexing Mechanism:

Driver Disc:
It is circular disc on which one extended pin is attached to it. It
will get power from motor. Pin of disc will help for rotating the
driven disc.

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Driven Disc:
It is circular shaped disc having number of slots on it.
There may be 3 to 6 number of slots.

Roller:
It is cylindrical shaped element on which spongy material is
attached to it for increasing the friction between paper and
roller. Roller will be connected to follower shaft of driven disc.

Other components of paper stamping machine are Base, Column


and support which held the mechanism in proper way.

Geneva Mechanism: The Geneva mechanism is a special type of


indexing mechanism which transmits rotary motion into
intermittent rotary motion with no reversal in rotary motion
possible.
There is a driver which is coupled to a prime mover such as an
electric motor which transmits rotary motion to the driver disc.
The driven (follower) disc has a number of radial slots that are
equal to the number of intermittent stops in the rotary motion
required. The driven disc is going to then rotate intermittently
and the motion is thus achieved.

Crank-and Connecting Rod.

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Reciprocating Mechanism: The reciprocating mechanism is


achieved by using a crank which converts the rotary motion to
reciprocating motion. The crank is coupled to the driven disc and
the connecting rod is coupled to the piston (plunger). The
plunger thus, receives and intermittent motion because the
driven disc rotates intermittently.

The use of intermittent motion also allows the plunger to have


enough time for the stamp to happen and also ensures that the
ink does not spread.

Geneva Mechanism.

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CHAPTER 05
WORKINGS

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Working:
On Base two columns with slots are mounted. One
rectangular plate is attached in slots of two columns.
Rectangular plate slides in slot with back and forth motion. On
rectangular plate motor base is provided. There is also
arrangement for sliding of motor base and it will slide from left
to right and right to left.
From above arrangements, one can easily understand that we
have four directions of motion to motor base. This arrangement
is useful for locating the stamp anywhere in paper.
On motor base, motor is fitted and whole reciprocating
mechanism is connected with motor. Because of reciprocating
mechanism stamp will reciprocate and Paper Stamping is done.
Roller is used for moving out the paper.
But there may be spreading of ink on paper. Therefore, for
preventing this Geneva indexing Mechanism is used. For Geneva
mechanism, one separate variable speed motor is used. Output
shaft of Geneva mechanism is connected to roller which moves
out the papers without spreading of ink.

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CHAPTER NO. 06
DESIGNING

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DESIGN INFORMATION:

Since the designing of the machine parts is done by the


solid works software. The design of each and every part is done
by assuming the dimensions. Following are the components
that designed by us:

➢ MOTOR: The motor is one of the essential elements. Our


assumptions are 60*90 mm the reason behind is the we need
a motor having a compact size and will satisfy our needs and
power requirement. Hence, we are getting a up to 50 w of
motor as per our assumptions.
➢ DISC AND CONNECTING ROD: Motor is attached to the
disc and the disc is attached to the connecting rod.
Depending upon the stroke length and the height of the
machine we have decided to keep disc diameter as 120 mm
and the connecting rod of 160 mm the length and width is
adjusted 10*10 mm. These components are subjected to
constant vibrations hence, we have to take of that while
designing.

➢ RAIL AND BLOCK: Another important part is the rail and


block. The special feature is that it provides the smooth
reciprocating motion of the machine. The rail dimensions are
110*15 mm as per the requirements. And block dimensions
are 40*13 mm. Absorption of pulses is also done by the rail
and block.

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➢ ROLLER AND MOTOR: The roller is another important part


which will discharge the paper out. It is located on the base
and fitted on both sides. The diameter of the roller should be
around 60 mm as per the operational requirements. The
length of roller should properly fit into the gap between two
columns so, the length should be 380 mm. Also, the motor
which drives the roller should be fitted properly the
dimension should be same as the main motor.

➢ ARM AND MOTOR BASE: These are all supporting


components. Motor base is mounted on the arm as shown in
assembly, main motor is placed at the top and rail block is
attached at the sides. The wooden plate (motor base) slides
on the arm in such a way that it covers the whole width of the
paper, the dimensions of plate 80*100 mm from top view and
190*100 mm from front view.

➢ COLUMN AND BASE: Main support to the machine is given
by the base and column so, for designing a base or column
care should be taken to for the thickness of both. Mainly we
are using wood for making both of the structures. The
dimensions of the column decide the height of the stroke, we
have decided to make it of 300*340 mm. There is a slot on
both the columns this is for fitting the arm into it, the arm
slides over the slots as shown in assembly diagram. Now the
base is another part the dimensions are such adjusted that
the whole structure including the paper, roller, column,
motor fits in it. The dimensions are 460*425 mm.
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ABOUT SOLID EDGE:


Solid Works is a solid modeler, and utilizes a parametric feature-
based approach which was initially developed by PTC (Core/Pro-Engineer)
to create models and assemblies. The software is written on Parasolid-
kernel. Parameters refer to constraints whose values determine the
shape or geometry of the model or assembly. Parameters can be either
numeric parameters, such as line lengths or circle diameters, or geometric
parameters, such as tangent, parallel, concentric, horizontal or vertical, et
c. Numeric parameters can be associated with each other through the use
of relations, which allows them to capture design intent. Design intent is
how the creator of the part wants it to respond to changes and updates.
For example, you would want the hole at the top of a beverage can to stay
at the top surface, regardless of the height or size of the can. Solid Works
allows the user to specify that the hole is a feature on the top surface, and
will then honor their design intent no matter what height they later assign
to the can.
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POINTS TO BE REMEMBERED WHILE DESIGNING:

Minimize Part Count:


Look for ways to combine parts. For instance, many
electronics housings use living hinges instead of a knuckle hinge.
When routing wires, choose shaped guide features, or use a
heat-formed guide (like in old LazerTag guns). And speaking of
minimizing part.

Use Modular Designs:


A great application of both COTS parts and common parts is
modularity breaking designs down into smaller sub-assemblies,
which can often be used in multiple products. Think of your first
computer: You could combine a number of pre-assembled parts
motherboard, hard drive, graphics card and it was easy.

Make Connections Unique:


Speaking of desktop computer assembly, another great example
of design for assembly can be found both inside and outside
computer cases from the 90s to the early 2000s—each
connection is mechanically unique. The mouse cables can’t plug
into the monitor port. The power cord port can’t be confused
with the keyboard cable
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PROJECT REPORT GROUP NO 16

CHAPTER NO. 07
MATERIAL SELECTION

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Following are some important factors on which


selection of material is based:

1. Availability and cost of materials.


2. Strength and rigidity
3. Resistance to fatigue
4. Impact resistance
5. Hardness
6. Weight
7. Mach inability and weld ability
8. Corrosion resistance

However, the most important factors affecting the selection of


material for engineering design is the properties of metals in
relation to their intended use. The properties of metal define a
specific characteristic of the material and behaves of the metal
under different conditions. We have selected low carbon or mild
steel for fabrication of various component of our project due to
following properties and composition of material.

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PROJECT REPORT GROUP NO 16

1. LOW CARBON OR MILD STEELS:

Low carbon or mild steel has carbon content from 0.15 to 0.30.
They are malleable, wearable and can be case hardened only.
They are similar to wrought iron in properties. Both ultimate
tensile and compressive strength of these steel can be increased
with increasing carbon content. They can be easily gas welded or
electric are welded, with the increase in the carbon percentage
its weld ability increases. Mild steels are quite tough but easily
machinable. Its cheaply available at reasonable price.

2. Aluminum:

When applied to an optimized automotive body


structure, aluminum can provide a weight savings of up to 50
percent compared with the traditional mild steel
structure. aluminum body structures are equal or superior in
strength to steel and absorb twice as much crash-induced
energy. Across the board, in weight, strength and safety,
aluminum advantages are clear.

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3. Wood:

It’s relatively cheap (or even free), it's environmentally friendly,


it looks great, it's warm and dozy, it's super-strong, it lasts
hundreds or even thousands of years, and you can use it for
everything from building bridges to making paper or heating
your home. It's wood—and it's quite possibly the most useful
and versatile material on the planet, with many thousands of
different uses.

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CHAPTER NO. 08
FABRICATION

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FABRICATION

The following are the various manufacturing process used in


mechanical engineering:
1) Primary shaping process:

The process used for the preliminary shaping of the machine


component are known as primary process. Body frame parts
such as column, block, rail, supporting column et c. are giving
prominent shape in shaping machine.

2) Machine process:

The process used for giving final shape to the machine


component, according to planned dimensions are known as
machining process. The common operation drilling, boring et c.it
is done to give perfect finishing so that work piece get perfect
strength.

3) Surface finishing process:

The process used to provide a good shape surface finish for the
machine components are known as surface finishing processes.
The common operation used for process are polishing, buffing,
lapping, et c. It will help in giving smooth finishing to the
components.

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4) Joining process:

The process used for joining machine components are known


as joining process. The common operation used for this process
are soldering, brazing, welding et c. the column of frame body
is joined with the help of this process.

5) Process affecting change in properties:

These are intended to import specific properties to material


e.g. Heat treatment, hot rolling, cold rolling et c.

6) Welded joints:

Advantages:

1) The welded structures are usually than riveted structures.


2) The welded joints provide maximum efficiency which is
impossible innervated joints.
3) Alternation and addition can be easily made.
4) As the welded structure is smooth in appearance, it is good
looking.
5) In welded structures, tension members are not weakened.
6) In a welded joint has high strength often more than parent
metal.

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Disadvantages:

1) Since there is uneven heating and cooling during


fabrication therefore the members may get distorted as
additional stresses mat develop.
2) It requires a highly skilled labor and supervision.
3) No provision for expansion and contraction in the frame,
therefore there is possibility of cracks.
4) The inspection of welding work is difficult than riveting
work.

Process planning for shaping process:

1) To make a frame body of machine, firstly we have to choose


the long cuboid shape rod with square cross section.
2) Cut the rod approximately 50cm in length.
3) Clamp this rod in fixture of the shaping machine to hold it
tightly.
4) Fix the tool position in such a way that it should cut the rod
to make approximately 5cm in thick and 5cm in breadth and
accordingly change the position of the work piece.
5) Then unclamp the work piece.

Several different processes are used to obtained desirable


components of the automating shaping machine as per
our concern.

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CHAPTER NO 09
COST ESTIMATION

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PROJECT REPORT GROUP NO 16

Cost estimation:

Project cost estimation is the process of predicting the


quantity, cost, and price of the resources required by the scope
of a project. Since cost estimation is about the prediction of
costs rather than counting the actual cost, a certain degree of
uncertainty is involved. These expenses take into a
consideration of all expenditure involved in a stand
manufacturing with all related services facilities machining,
pattern making, tools, material buying cost as well a portion of
the general administrative.

PURPOSE OF COST ESTIMATING:


1.) To determine the buying price of product for a quotation or
contract so and to ensure reasonable profit to the company.
2.) Check the quotation supplied by vendors.
3.) Determine the most economical process or material to
manufacture the product.
4.) To determine standards of production performance that may
be used to control the cost.

FINISHED PRODUCT COST:

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The components which we have directly purchased from the


market, being easily and cheaply available as compared to their
production & they are added to final estimation.
MACHINING COST:

Here we have to work on the different machines for having


different operations. So, the machine is being hired for that
much period of time. Consider the depreciation and the electric
bill along with the rent of the workshop, the initial investment,
the machining cost calculated as the cost in RS/hour. In our
workshop machining cost is free. But in our college workshop
CNC machine is not available for students. Therefore, we have to
get help from market. In industry, we have asked some technical
people price will vary from 16 RS to 60 RS per small job. At this
time, we have not the proper data.

MATERIAL COST:

Material cost is the cost of materials used to manufacture a


product or provide a service. Direct materials cost the cost of
direct materials which can be easily identified with the unit of
production. For example, the cost of glass is a direct materials
cost in light bulb manufacturing. The manufacture of products or
goods required material as the prime element.
It will depend on following costs of materials per kg:
Aluminum = 130 to 150 RS/Kg
Mild steel = 60 to 80 RS/ Kg
18 mm thick plywood = 55 RS / Sq. Feet
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OTHER COSTS:
It includes cost of motor, electric wires, some plastics and rubber
materials which we are going to use and travelling cost.
At the end, it is not easy to apply in non-manufacturing activities
since relationship between cost and output cannot be
determined.

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CHAPTER NO. 10
LITREATURE SURVEY

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Idea for Indexing Mechanism:

The need for indexing mechanism was to achieve a fixed rotation


(in degrees) for every rotation of the shaft. This was necessary
to ensure that the stamp occurs at a certain position for every
rotation of the shaft. This position helps us in achieving better
repeatability while obtaining the stamp. The idea for indexing
was put forward by Aryan and Shantanu. They thought about
this idea when they were doing their internship and it occurred
to them that they could use apply this for controlling the position
of the stamp shaft. This indexing is non-IT guided type of
indexing. This means that the indexing that we perform is not by
numeric control entered through a computer system. Instead,
the very shape of the jigs is going to be such that the movement
will be in a certain fashion. The major advantage of this non-IT
guided indexing, is the cost is very less. There is no need for a
computer interface to control the data entered through that
decides the travel of the follower. Hence, it is less costly.
However, this also limits the versatility of the system and makes
it a fixed one, where the motion is fixed. However, in this context
we were in-fact requiring a fixed motion of the stamp, since the
timing at which the stamp does the stamping is fixed. Hence,
there was no need for a change in the indexing shape, since the
position where the stamp occurs is controlled by moving the
paper.

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Making a product drawing:

The product design we made was using Solid Works as our


primary design software. Solid-works involves use of tools where
we can easily access and view a 3-dimensional figure. This
software was taught to us by some technical persons and they
also helped us prepare a part of this product drawing.
The solid-works drawing that we have prepared includes
a three-dimensional drawing with dimensions. The dimensions
that we have provided are within a certain range or rather
estimated range, since there will have to be tolerances that we
will have to maintain for accommodating parts.
The drawing was first prepared on paper with all of us
involved and then it was made in solid-works, so that we have
an idea of how the drawing is going to be like. The drawing is also
colored to identify different parts and also indicate their
orientation with other parts.
The drawing that we made in solid-works was made without
the actual dimensions, or more precisely by assuming the
dimensions. So, before the final design is made, we looked out
for the feasibility of these dimensions. We checked for whether
or not a design is practicable and then went ahead with
whatever design we had in our minds.

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Designing of Parts:

The design of parts is a process where we decide the


materials, the cost and also the dimensions of all of the parts.
This process is being undertaken under the guidance of a
technical person, who will not only help us in proper
dimensioning, but will also help in deciding the manufacturing
processes required and aid in estimation of cost of products.
The materials are majorly going to be wood, mild steel and
rubber/plastics. The orientation of these materials and their
shape will also require us to maintain the various tolerances and
at the same time ensure that relative motion between parts is
happening smoothly.
The major reason for designing is to determine what the
product will look like and also estimate the feasibility of the
product. The design will also decide the product capabilities and
the maximum number of sheets that the sheets that the
machine can stamp at one single time. The entire process is
included in designing and we are also being helped by a technical
person and D’Souza sir himself, so the process will be faster and
also accurate.

Manufacturing Processes:
The manufacturing is required for converting the raw
materials into precisely machined smooth components that
work together in proper orientation and at the same time also
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are compact enough to accommodate a compact work-space.


The various processes we would be carrying out is dependent on
the materials that we need to carry out machining on.
The degree of machining depends also on the application
of the that component. Some components have to be super-
finished and some of them do not require very high finishing as
in the case of the outer surfaces. Since, they are finished for a
different reason. The primary reason would be to prevent
accidental injuries because of surface roughness. The finishing
operations that we would be carrying out are with the help of
the workshop professors and the technicians from HEM
automation which the same place where Shantanu and Aryan
did their internships. The people in HEM automation were
extremely helpful when it came to the designing and now also
for the machining of these components.
The manufacturing processes will also be carried out by us.
The tolerances and also the finishing operations will be done by
us, including the assembling of the various components together
in the correct orientation.
There is a lathe machine, including a wood turning lathe
machine that is available in workshop. In addition to that, we
also have milling, drilling and shaper machines available to
perform various tasks required in the machining of components.
The tasks include turning, shaping, milling, facing, grinding,
tapping, slotting.

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CHAPTER NO. 11
FUTURE SCOPE

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FUTURE SCOPE

The AUTOMATIC STAMPING MACHINE has an important


use in future due to its friendly use, not only paper stamping
machine but other types like PLC stamping machine,
pneumatic stamping machine, metal stamping machine, etc.
will be used in greater extent in future.

In coming generation there will be all time saving methods


of mechanisms. Hence, in future the stamping should also be
automatic. The design we have made is a simple basic
structure of paper stamping machine, our machine will only
give moderate speed of operation. But in coming years
modification in the design can be easily done so faster speed
of stamping can be achieved.

Electronic control system can be added to make the


machine more automatic. PLC control machine is an excellent
example. The use of this machine is spreading in world as the
stamping work is very boring, Various institutes are buying
stamping machines from outside countries.
Finally, the we conclude the automatic stamping machine
have a huge scope in every industry.

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CHAPTER NO. 12
CONCLUSION

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CONCLUSION

There were a lot of project ideas that we had discussed prior to


coming to this conclusion of making a paper stamping machine.
The ideas really have no limits. However, there is a limit to the
feasibility of the project and also the cost and the time frame in
which it could be done.
This project was a study project and we have learnt a lot about
mechanisms and even the electric components that we were not
aware of. We all wanted to make our project less complicated
and make such a project, that it gives us an opportunity to
explore and while at the same time apply the knowledge that we
have acquired throughout our diploma course.
This is a great opportunity for us to understand and apply the
fundamentals and that is exactly what

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CHAPTER NO.13
BIBLOGRAPHY

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BIBLOGRAPHY:

www.nevonproject.com ideas

www.britannica.com Geneva mechanism

www.Wikipedia.org all small information

www.grabcad.com reciprocating mechanism

Solid works software – design of the model

www.zoltek.com – electric skateboard

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