0

2010
EXTENSION OF WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION IN
KAMPOT DOWNTOWN PROJECT OF UN-HABITAT
COMMUNITY-BASED WATER SUPPLY AND
SANITATION PROJECT
Output Under The Cooperation Agreement Between
UN-HABITATAT
and
Kampot Water Supply Utility
Report on
A Community based Project Implementation Plan
with Implementation Modalities (A3)












K A M P O T W A T E R
S U P P L Y U T I L I T Y

K A M P O T , C A M B O D I A


B Y
S O R N S O M O L I N E








Mekong Regional Water and Sanitation Programme (MEK-WATSAN)





1


Table of Contents
1. Executive Summary ................................................................................................................ 2
2. Introduction............................................................................................................................. 3
3. Project Descriptions ................................................................................................................ 4
3.1 Project Object ........................................................................................................................ 4
3.2 Project Scope......................................................................................................................... 4
3.3 Project Implementation ......................................................................................................... 5
4. Implementation Modality...................................................................................................... 13
4.1 Implementation Arrangements............................................................................................ 13
4.2 Updated Work Plan Schedule ............................................................................................. 19
Appendix I: Appointment of Project Steeing Committee
Appendix II: Appointment of Project Implementation Unit




















2



1. Executive Summary
Under its Mekong Region Water and Sanitation Initiative (MEK-WATSAN) and on the request
of the Goverment of Cambodia (MIME), UN-HABITAT has lunched a Community Based Water
Supply and Sanitation Project in Kampot Downtown, Kampot Province in April 2008. The
Extension of Water Supply and Sanitation, and Monitoring Achievements towards Reaching the
MDGs in Kampot Town project covers nine communes where six communes i.e. Kampong Bay,
Traeuy Kaoh, Kampong Kandal, Andoung Khmaer, Krang Ampil and Trapaeng Thum belong to
Kampot Municipality and three communes i.e. Kampong Kraeng, Maekprang and Chum Kriel
belong to Toek Chhu district.

The project comprises of two main parts water supply extension and sanitation. The water supply
extension covers only three communes where Kampong Bay and Traeuy Kaoh commune belong
to Kampot Municipality and Kampong Kreang commune belong to Toek Chhue district. The
sanitation covers nine communes. During the kick off meeting with Kampot Water Supply
Authority (KWSA), Department of Potable Water Supply, MIME and the representatives of UN-
HABITAT, agreed that the study area covers only some parts of the nine communes closed to the
existing and proposed extension water supply pipe lines.

The Project plans to install 2,800 meter of pipes with a diameter of 110mm and 1,800 m with
diameter of 63mm in Kampong Kraeng Commune; 1,100 meter of pipes with a diameter of
110mm and 3,500 m with diameter of 63mm in Kampong Bay and 1,800 meter of pipes with a
diameter of 110mm and 2,100 m with diameter of 63mm in Treuy Koah.

The total cost of the project is estimated at USD 293,800 of which UN-HABITAT provided
USD 214,300, The Kampot Water Supply provides USD53, 000 in kind and the community
contributes USD 26,000 in kind.






3

2. Introduction
Kampot is located in Southern Cambodia on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. It borders
Kampong Speu to the North, Takeo and Vietnam to the East, the Gulf of Thailand to the South
and Sihanoukville and Koh Kong to the West. The area of the province is 4873 square kilometers
(MAFF www.maff.gov.kh). The topography of the province is variable, from the coastal region
on the southern border, to extensive lowland paddy fields and areas of lowland/ upland mosaic to
the east and lowland/ upland mosaic and upland forested areas to the west. Kampot is classified
as a rural province.
The total number of households in Kampot in 2008 was 130 thousand within total population
amount 585, 850 that giving an average household size of 4.5 persons (CPS 2008). The people of
Kampot live in 8 districts composed of 92 communes and 482 villages (CDB 2004). The
population density of the province is 120 persons/km
2
compared to an average population
density for Cambodia of 75 persons/km
2
. The majority of the population is Khmer around 90%
and the other is Islamic.
According to the objective of the project nine communes were selected to implement the water
supply and sanitation. These nine communes consists of 31 villages within 9,961 households of
the total population amount 53,176 persons which 27,561 are women. About 42 % of the
household in Kampot Municiple have connected to piped water from Kampot Water Supply and
about 7% of household in Toek Chhu District have connected to piped water from Kampot
Water Supply. The percentage of household do not have latrine are higher than 70% in Treuy
Koah, Kampong Kraeng, Chum Kreil. For Andoung Khmer, Trapeang Thom and Meakprang,
Krang Ampil, the percentage of household do not have latrine is around 50%. However, the
percentage of household that do not have latrine is very lower in Kampong Bay and Kampong
Kandal since these two Sangkat are located in the centre of the town.
The production capacity of safe water is amount 5,760 m3 per day but the distribution of the
water is around 3,600m3 to 3,800m3 per day due to the limitation of financial resources to extent
the piped. Unused production capacity of the existing water treatment plant requires investments
for extending the pipes to the three communes/Sangkats. This investment will be contributed to
the improvement of water and sanitation and poverty reduction in Kampot downtown.

4

3. Project Descriptions
MEK-WATSAN aims at supporting the participating Government of the Mekong Region attain
their water and sanitation related MDGs agreed in 2000, to halve the proportion of people
without access to improved water supply and sanitation services by 2015. Especially MEK-
WATSAN promotes pro-poor urban water conservation and demand management, integrated
urban environmental sanitation, and income generation for the urban poor through community-
based water and sanitation services.
The primary purpose of the project is to improve water supply and environmental sanitation for
at least 7,500 poor people or 75% of the poor in Kampot Town. The targeted area that was
selected for water supply is: Kampong Bay, Traeuy Kaoh, Kampong Kraeng commune. For
improving the sanitation condition in the Kampot town the project selected five more communes
as Kampong Kandal, Andoung Khmaer, Maekprang, Krang Ampil, Chum Kriel, and Trapaeng
Thum.
3.1 Project Objective
The objectives of the project are to:
- Undertake an assessment of demand for improved water supply and sanitation through
willingness to pay and affordability surveys;
- Provide safe piped water to three communes of Kampot downtown byusing the existing
water plant;
- Implement pro-poor policy related to water connection , water tariff policy
- Establish community based financing mechanisms to improved water supply and
sanitation;
- Assess affordability to pay and develop pro-poor water connection and tariff policy;
- Demonstrate approaches for improved Water Conservation and Demand Management.

3.2 Project Scope
There are five part of project scope:
1. Conducting a rapid town accessment to determine the status of water and sanitation, and
the prevaling urban planning and investment capacities to address those;
2. Improving access to water and sanitation to the poor through a demand driven and
community based approach linking willingness to pay and affordability with community
5

based financial mechanisms and tariff policies for sustainable access for the poor to
improve water supply and sanitation;
3. Improved municipality solid waste management based on community lead approaches
linked to income generation;
4. Establishing a database on water and sanitation indicator and monitoring the same over the
period of project implementation;
5. Preparing quarterly progress reports on project implementation and an in depth-evaluation
at the end of the project and disseminating lessons learnt from the project.

Main activities include:
- Development of implementation modalities based on the concept of full participation of
the community and local authority at all stages of project operation;
- Development and implementation of work plans for all stake holders and pro-poor
household connection and water tariff structure;
- Establishment of revolving fund for water connections and latrine construction including
operation modalities in close consultation with the community;
- Conduct campaigns to improve the community awareness of environmental sanitation
and development and implementation of measures to protect the contamination of
Kampong Bay River caused by dumping of solid waste along the river.
- Promotion of Human Values Based Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Education through
establishment of a water classroom, aiming at achieving a long-term and progressive
attitudinal change towards developing responsive behavior to conserve precious natural
resource like water, act; and
- Capacity building of the Kampot Water Supply Utility focusing on efficient service to
customers, maintenance of the water distribution system, accounting and billing, ect.

3.3 Project Implementation
The project was expected to be implemented in 36 Months of signing the agreement but it seem
to be late now because of the large of project scope and increasing the target communes for
sanitation from 6 communes to 9 communes consist of 29 villages. The work plan has been
revised in the meeting with UN-HABITAT on 27 August 2009.
The Extension of Water Supply and Sanitation, and Monitoring Achievements towards Reaching
the MDGs in Kampot Town project covers nine communes where six communes i.e. Kampong
Bay, Traeuy Kaoh, Kampong Kandal, Andoung Khmaer, Krang Ampil and Trapaeng Thum
6

District Boundary
Commune Boundary
Study Area
0 1 2 3 Km
LEGEND
N
E W
S
AREA COVERED BY WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT
belong to Kampot Municipality and three communes i.e. Kampong Kraeng, Maekprang and
Chum Kriel belong to Toek Chhu district.

The project comprises of two main parts water supply extension and sanitation. The water supply
extension covers only three communes where Kampong Bay and Traeuy Kaoh commune belong
to Kampot Municipality and Kampong Kreang commune belong to Toek Chhue district. During
the kick off meeting with Kampot Water Supply Authority (KWSA), Department of Potable
Water Supply, MIME and the representatives of UN-HABITAT, we agreed that the study area
covers only some parts of the nine communes closed to the existing and proposed extension
water supply pipe lines. Figure 1 shows the study area.



































AREA TO BE COVERED BY WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT
7

Commune Village Female Male Total HH
Persons
/HH
Poor
G1
Poor
G2
Chum Kriel Trapeang Thum 760 721 1481 226 6.55
15 16
Chum Kriel Chum Kriel 905 773 1678 330 5.08
12 17
Chum Kriel Samraong 484 434 918 174 5.28
12 13
Chum Kriel Kampong Kandal 680 568 1248 229 5.45
16 23
Kampong Kraeng Makprang 924 873 1797 396 4.54
71 35
Kampong Kraeng Prey Tnaot 482 445 927 142 6.53
24 27
Kampong Kraeng Kampong Kraeng 609 612 1221 248 4.92
26 11
Kampong Kraeng kampongkrong 403 360 763 165 4.62

Meakprang Snam Prampir 1479 1546 3025 541 5.59
32 37
Trapeang Thum Trapeang Chrey 310 351 661 118 5.60
15 15
Trapeang Thum Krang 270 304 574 112 5.13
5 2
Trapeang Thum Trapeang Thum 276 244 520 141 3.69
9 10
Trapeang Thum Svay Thum 332 298 630 137 4.60
13 11
Kampong Kandal Sovann Sakor 2203 1933 4136 803 5.15
44 2
Kampong Kandal
Phum Muoy
Ousaphie
1992 1716 3708 672 5.52 10 9
Krang Ampil Krang 1431 1341 2772 515 5.38
32 17
Krang Ampil Svay Thum 1127 829 1956 324
6.04
33 17
Kampong Bay
Kampong Bay Khang
Cheung
2033 1874 3907 680
5.75
20 17
Kampong Bay
Kampong Bay Khang
Tboung
1300 1139 2439 479
5.09
4 2
Andoung Khmaer Tvi Khang cheung 1310 1124 2434 415 5.87
6 4
Andoung Khmaer Tvi Khang tboung 1508 1334 2842 527 5.39
20 0
Andoung Khmaer Ou Touch 1065 1060 2125 391 5.43
16 25
Andoung Khmaer Andoung Khmaer 479 639 1118 257 4.35
9 11
Andoung Khmaer Ta Deb 678 664 1342 278 4.83
28 9
Traeuy Kaoh Doun Taok 607 547 1154 233 4.95
10 10
Traeuy Kaoh Ta Angk 498 475 973 172 5.66
28 19
Traeuy Kaoh Srae 737 678 1415 259 5.46
5 42
Source: District Office

3.3.1 Beneficiary village from Water Supply Extension

Beneficiaries Villages from Water Supply Extension in Kampot Town
Municipality/
District
Commune/Sangkat Village Number of
Household
Number of
Poor Grade 1
Number of
Poor Grade 2
Prey Tnot 142 13 11
Toek Chhu Kampong Kraeng Kampong
Kraeng
248 9 9
Kampong Bay
Cheung
680 18 34
Kampong Bay
Kampong Bay
Tboung
479 4 14
Ta Ang 172 8 14
Kampot
Treuy Koah
Daun Toak 233 3 11
Total 1,954 55 93
8

Kampot Market
KWS
Ex- El ectr i cal Power P l ant
Hospital
Treykoh Commune
Kampongkreng Commune
Kampongbay Commune
UNHABITAT PIPE EXPANSION AREA
N
E W
S
0 1 2 Kilometers
Scale: 1/30,000




















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Kampong Kraeng Commune
The population in the commune is around 1,325 families in 2008 that consisted of 6,424 persons.
Among those families there are 390 families that will benefit from the water supply extension.
The Project plans to transmit and distribute 2,800 meter of pipes line with a diameter of 110mm
and 1,800 m with diameter of 63mm.





























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U N H A B I T A T P IP E E X P A N S I O N P R O J E C T
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Sangkat Kampong Bay
The population in Sangkat Kampong Bay is about 1,299 families within 6,376 persons
(Commune database 2008). In this commune already has water supply system in some part, so
there are still 445 families shall be benefited from the extension of water supply system. The
Project plans to transmit and distribute 1,100 meter pipes line with a diameter of 110mm and
3,500 m with diameter of 63mm.




























11

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Sangkat Treuy Koah
The population in Sangkat Treuy Koah is about 1,236 families within 6,151 persons (Commune
database 2008). Based on the poverty mapping and master plan of water supply system, there are
two villages that shall be benefited from the extension of water supply. Those villages are Ta
Ang and Daun Toak that consisted of 405 families. The Project plans to transmit and distribute
1,800 meter of pipes line with a diameter of 110mm and 2,100 m with diameter of 63mm.

















3.3.2 Beneficiary village from Sanitation
There are nine commune/Sangkat that benefit from sanitation improvement where six communes
i.e. Kampong Bay, Traeuy Kaoh, Kampong Kandal, Andoung Khmaer, Krang Ampil and
Trapaeng Thum belong to Kampot Municipality and three communes i.e. Kampong Kraeng,
Maekprang and Chum Kriel belong to Toek Chhu district. From the beginning of the project, the
target villages were selected in 29 villages. After consultation meeting with Toek Chhu District
and Kampot Municipility, the coverage of target villages reduced to 23. The population of each
target village show in the table below:
12


Commune Village Total
family
Number family do
not have latrine
Illegal
property
Poverty
Grade1
Poverty
Grade2
None of
poverty
Chum Kriel Trapeang Thum 226 27
0 6 6 15
Chum Kriel Chum Kriel 330 22
0 1 4 17
Chum Kriel Samraong 174 23
0 3 5 15
Kampong Kraeng Prey Tnaot 142 26
0 6 15 5
Kampong Kraeng Kampong Kraeng 248 29
5 22 6 1
Meakprang Snam Prampir 541 50
1 21 16 13
Trapeang Thum Trapeang Chrey 118 30
1 15 15 0
Trapeang Thum Krang 112 9
0 4 5 0
Trapeang Thum Trapeang Thum 141 13
6 6 7 0
Trapeang Thum Svay Thum 137 16
0 10 6 0
Kampong Kandal Sovann Sakor 803 29
4 23 2 4
Krang Ampil Krang 515 22
0 19 3 0
Krang Ampil Svay Thum 324 24
0 16 5 3
Kampong Bay Kampong Bay Khang Cheung 680 29
0 17 5 7
Kampong Bay Kampong Bay Khang Tboung 479 1
0 1 0 1
Andoung Khmaer Tvi Khang cheung 415 10
0 6 4 0
Andoung Khmaer Tvi Khang tboung 527 20
0 20 0 0
Andoung Khmaer Ou Touch 391 16
6 7 9 0
Andoung Khmaer Andoung Khmaer 257 10
0 3 7 0
Andoung Khmaer Ta Deb 278 11
0 6 5 0
Traeuy Kaoh Doun Taok 233 61
1 2 5 54
Traeuy Kaoh Ta Angk 172 38
0 10 10 18
Traeuy Kaoh Srae 259 50
0 6 9 35
Source: Project Survey 2009
13

4. Implementation Modality
The project is being undertaken in a participatory mode involving the Kampot Water Supply,
Provincial Department of Industry Mine and Energy, Kampot Provincial Governor, Kampot
Municipality, Toek Chhu District Governor and Community (represent by Commune/Sangkat
authorities). As for the agreement at the meeting with all relevants stakeholders in Kampot
Provincial Municipality, the project aims to promote full ownership and participation by the
community addressing the concerns of the community especially the poor and along the way
improving the capacity of the stakeholders through a consultative process.
UN-HABITAT is responsible for the overall supervision and backstopping of the Project
execution. Kampot Water Supply is the implementation agency of this Project. With the support
and input of UN-HABITAT, Kampot Water Supply work with the community to provide safe
water supply and adequate sanitation to the people of the traget villages in Kampot town and
Toek Chhu distric, Kampot Provinces. The community will provide labour necessary in the
provision of water supply and sanitation facilities and will be a partner in all aspect of the
project. Kampot Water Supply is responsible for the overall management and the implementation
of the different project components.
Kampot Water Supply will employ external help from expert or local institution for specific
tasks . UN-HABITAT will be participating closely in the selection of consultants/ institution/
expert individuals required for the specific tasks during the implementation of the project. It is to
be ensured that the selection procedures follow UN policies.
Distric/Municipality authorities are responsible for facilitating the mobilization of local
resources and knowledge to support project implementation and sustainable utilization of the
services and facilities after project completetion. District/Municipality authorities with their
enhanced capacity will ensure access by poor and excluded groups to the services and facilities
provide by the project. Participation of women, as the main collector and users of water and as
the main persons who are affeted by lack of proper sanitation especially latrines , are strongly
encouraged to ensure success of the project.
4.1 Implementation Arrangements
There are 4 major levels of project implementation as follows:
- Project steering Committee (PSC)
- Project Implementation Unit (PIU)
- District/Municipality Coordination Committee (DCC)
14

- Commune/villages working Committee (CWC) as so-called Water and Sanitation
Committees (WATSAN)
Following the 4 level project implementation model, consultation meetings were organised at the
beginning of the project at provincial, district and village levels to discuss project
implementation modelities. Stakeholders including Kampot Water Supply, Provincial
Department of Industries, Mines and Energy, District officials and community members were
informed of the project, its objectives and scope after which a work plan was proposed and
agreed.
The Following committees and sub-committees for each project component with representatives
from all stakeholders have been established by the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy to
oversee, manage and ensure successful implementation of the project.
1. Project Steering Committee at Provincial Department level - responsible for
- overseeing and guiding all aspects of the project including;
- implementation of the project to to garantte that the project will reach the output
on time and provide technical support ;
- coordination and cooperation among stakeholder at provincial and district levels;
- deciding on the implementation plan and monitoring the project;
- Monitoring and approving the budget plan for project implementation and
accountability and transparency for auditing the implementation of the project.
The committee will also conduct regular review and assessment of progress and lessons learned
to guarantee success of the project and report to Ministry of Industry Mine and Energy and UN-
HABITAT. The Appointed Agreement is attached in Appendix I.
2. Project Implementation Unit (PIU) - responsible for
- Lead the implementation activities and assistance of the steering commettee of the
exstension of water supply and sanitation in Kampot Province;
- Prepare activities plan and request the approval from the project steering committee;
- Prepare budget plan for the project implementation and request the approval from
project steering committee;
- Supervising and preparing project procurement;
- Monitoring investigation and coordination and cooperation with the company that
win the bid in project implementation;
- Prepare accounting for project expenditure to garantee the accuracy and transparency
of the project implementation;
- supervising and managing construction work and extension of the network.
The appointed agreement is attached in Appendix II.
15

3. District Coordination Committee - responsible for participatory discussions and
planning and guiding implementation of activities in each village.
4. Working Group participation from Head of Commune/Sangkat, Commune/ Sangkat
Council and Chief of Village - responsible for:
- Revolving Funds - conducting socio-economic survey of households and poor
household survey, and discussing and revising regulations relating to
revolving funds as needed and supervising operation of the funds;
- Survey and Alignment of Water Pipes - survey of locations and alignment of
water pipes, clarifying with the communtiy members on the impact of pipe
laying on their land and assets, and estimating the costs;
- Environmental Sanitation - raising awareness on the importance of
environmental sanitation and educating villagers on the values of water;
- Procedure - coordinating with the PIU on procurement of equipment and
materials;
- Close cooperation with district coordination committee and technical
committee and technical committee responsible for all activities to be
implemented in each village.

Project Organization Structure

Detailed roles and responsibility of each committee are described in Appendix I, II

16

4.1.1 Survey and Design
The Survey and design were carried out by Kampot Water Supply in close collaboration with the
Steering Committee. Any proposed alignment of pipes in each village was reported to the
Steering Committee for consideration.
The final design consists of the following components:
- Topographical survey of the transmission pipes and distribution pipes.
- Calculation of water demand.
- Environmental impact review.
- Project layout.
- Pipelines.
- Calculation of presure in pipes.
- Procurement of material for latrine construction
- Preparation of construction cost estimates for transmission and distribution, and
house connection derived from unit prices and quantities.
- Preparation of tender documments for supply and delivery of water meters, pipes,
fitting and tools for household connections.
- Preparation of tender documents for supply material for latrine construction.
4.1.2 Pipe Lay
The pipe laying is to be carried out by Kampot Water Supply with support from the community
under the joint supervision of the working group and the technical personnel of Kampot Water
Supply. The assignment of section of trenches to each family is decided by the villagers meeting.
4.1.3 Latrine Construction
The latrine construction is devided in two parts: under-structure constructions and super-
structure construction. The Project will provide fund for 300 toilet for the poorest in 5 communes
but based on the discussion with Kampot Municipality and Toek Chhu District, the target area
for sanitation increase to 9 communes/Sangkat including Kampong Kraeng, Kampong Bay and
Treuy Koah. The meeting conducted with all relevant stakeholder on 26 January 2010 about the
construction options. The under-structure part were designed based on low cost options prices
from 60 to 140 USD without labour cost.The Project will support the poorest for under-structure
constructions and household shall finish the super-structure by themseves. The general
household also can borrow the revolving fund for latrine construction. The community shall
participate in kind such as labour for construction and responsible for the super-structer
construction. This is the apropriate appraoch for ownership and participatory from community.
4.1.4 Initial Environmental Examination
17

The objectives of the IEE are:
- To identify the type and extent of environmental impacts resulted from the extension
of the existing water supply system to three communes in Kampot Municipality and
Toek Chhu District, and
- To propose countermeasures to mitigate the impact caused by the project
construction and operation.
In Cambodia, the installment of piped for water supply do not require the initial environmental
examination (IEE). The Implement agency shall inform the concerned agency about their
activities. However, in order to reduce the impact, Kampot Water Supply also observed the IEE
and findings of IEE as below.

4.1.5 Initial Environmental Examination
The main physical infrastructure of the Project includes the transmission and distribution of
2,800 meter of pipes line with a diameter of 110mm and 1,800 m with diameter of 63mm in
Kampong kraeng, 1,100 meter pipes line with a diameter of 110mm and 3,500 m with diameter
of 63mm in Kampong Bay and 1,800 meter of pipes line with a diameter of 110mm and 2,100 m
with diameter of 63mm in Treuy Koah will be running on the parallel of the existing road and
running across the railway road in Kampong Kraeng.
This construction is insignificant impact to:
- Forest land and land use: The target area is located in the urban. There is no
impact on forest, land use and vegetable or rice field.
- Potential Impacts on Ecological Resources and Archaeological Site: There are
no known endangered varieties of flora and fauna in the project area as most of
the land areas have been previously developed.
- Potential Impacts Due to Access Roads to Construction Sites and Disposal of
Construction Waste: there is no need to construct access roads/tracks to
facilitate access to the project site. The alignment of pipes is running in parallel
with the existing road within a distance of not more that 2 to 5 meters. Therefore,
there is no impact due to the construction of access roads. Waste soil from the
excavation of trenches for pipe laying will be used for backfilling the trenches.
No transport of waste soil along the roads in anticipated. Therefore, the
environmental impact to due disposal of excavated soil is considered
insignificant.
- Potential Impacts Due to Transport of Construction Materials: The materials
to be transported into the villages are pipes. Due to the small scale of the
18

construction work, no transport of large volume of materials is required. Pipes are
transported either by small trucks, pick-up vehicles and carts. In view of this, the
impact caused by transport of construction materials to the project site is
considered insignificant.
- Impact on Cultural and Heritage Sites and Visual Intrusion: The transmission
and distribution pipes do not run within close proximity of known cultural and or
heritage site. All pipes are laid in the trenches and thus do not cause visual
intrusion. There is no impact on cultural/heritage sites and no visual intrusion.
However, there are expected impacts on the private and public facilities due to installation of
pipes across the railway road in Kampong kraeng Commune.

4.1.6 Environmental Monitoring and Management
Therefore, the installment of pipes line not require to conduct the EIE but the Water Supply
Agency shall inform the concerned parties to cooperate and shall reinstall the damage when the
work finished.
The Project Steering Committee including representatives of the community is responsible for
the overall supervision and management of the project implementation. Excavation and back
filling of trenches for pipe laying is carried out by the villagers under the supervision of the
technical personnel of Kampot Water Supply and Commune/Sangkat and village heads. The
Project Implementation Unit will ensure the enforcement of clauses on environmental protection
measures. The above mentioned project implementation arrangement with active participation of
all stakeholders should be effective in undertaking the task of environmental monitoring and
management.
The Community based Water Supply and Sanitation Project in Kampot town will improve the
quality, reliability, and sustainability of the water supply and environment in Kampot
municipality and Toek Chhu District town.
The Project has been classified as having significant positive impacts on the quality of life and
environment of the town and its communities. The project does not have any significant adverse
environmental impact because it's a medium scale construction activity. Potential negative
impacts associated with the operation of project activities are minor, temporary and localized in
extent and can be mitigated to acceptable levels.
19

4.2 Updated Work Plan Schedule

Revise Work Plan of The Project
2009 2010 2011
Activities A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M
A. Rapid Town Assessment
1. Conduct a rapid town assessment
with a focus on the actual water and
environmental sanitation situation, and
prevailing urban planning capacities.

2. Poverty mapping using GIS software
and baseline database of water and
sanitation indicators

3. Finalize a community based project
implementation plan and agree on
implementation modalities with local
community

B. Provision of Safe Piped water and/or Sanitation for at least 7.500 People
1. Assess affordability to pay and
develop pro-poor water connection and
tariff policy

2. Develop, trail and establish
"Revolving Fund" Mechanism for water
supply and agree on cost sharing
modalities with community




3. Conduct engineering survey and
design in consultation with community
and procure materials and works
needed to extend the pipe network,
and connect households to the existing
network in central Kampot (Kampong
Bai), Kampong Kren and Trey Koh to
benefit 3000 people, with around 1,000
poor people from each commune


4. Develop a WCDM strategy, (based
on the demonstration of the project)

5. Develop and implement a
community awareness program based
on the HVSHE principles

6. Develop low cost toilet options,
standard design and construction
guidelines; construct 300 toilets for
poorest households in the remaining 5
communes and provide training on
latrine construction to poor people


7. Develop, trail and establish
"Revolving Fund" Mechanism for
sanitation and agree on cost sharing
modalities with community benefiting
600 households in the first two
operating cycle during the project
duration

8. Conduct capacity building training on
community based project management
for utility staff

C. Develop a Community Based Solid Waste Management Concept Plan
20

1. Prepare a community-based solid
waste management (SWM) conceptual
plan aimed at reducing waste through
separating, recycling, reuse of material

2. Identify a suitable landfill site for
Kampot Town and conduct initial
Environmental Examination (IEE)

D. Monitoring Achievements Towards Reaching the MDGs
1. Preparatory activities including:
holding a stakeholder workshop to
discus rationale and objectives of the
envisaged MDG monitoring; adapting
relevant indicator categories to the
situation in Cambodia; developing a
questionnaire for monitoring MDG
targets 10 and 11; and identifying
suitable enumerators from community,
water utility and municipality

2. Capacity building activities including
training of water utility and municipality
staff on monitoring of MDG targets 10
and 11 in Cambodia and training of
enumerators on the monitoring
exercise

3. Pre-testing of the questionnaire and
modification if necessary

4. Monitor the achievement of MDG
targets 10 and 11 (one baseline
monitoring exercise at the beginning
and one round of progress monitoring
at the end of the project)

5. Provide necessary computer
hardware, software, and training on the
use of GIS-mapping as a planning tool
in Kampot municipality and mapping of
MDG indicators 30 and 31 (using
monitoring results of MDG targets 10
and 11)

6. Prepare substantive MDG-reports
E. Project Monitoring and Evaluation
1. Prepare quarterly reports to indicate
progress of project implementation

2. Prepare an objective evaluation of
the project

3. Hold two national lessons learning
workshops


21

Appendix I
KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA
Nation Religion King

Ministry of Industry Mine and Energy
No. 149 U.Ro.Thor. Mo.Sor.Bror. Kor
Phnom Penh Date 26 February 2009

Agreement
on The Establishement of Project Steering Committee for the Extension of
Water and Sanitation Project of UN-HABITAT in Kampot Province

Minister of Industry Mine and Energy

- Bades on the law of the Kingdom of Cambodia
- Based on the Royal Decree number Nor.Sor/Rokoto/0908/1055 dated 25 August 2008 on
the monination of the Royal Government of the Kongdom of Cambodia.
- Based on the Rotyal Decree Nor.Sor/RoKoMo/0196/05 dated 24/January/1996 declared
on the law of Ministry of Industry Mine and Energy
- Based on the Sub-decree No. 35 OrNorKror.Bor.Kor dated 26 April 1999 of the Roral
Governement of Cambodia on the Preparation and Implementation of the Ministry of
Industry Mine and Energy
- Based on the Agreement on Cooperation of The United Nations Human Settlement
Programme (UN-HABITAT) and Kampot Water Suplly Utility on Cambodia dated 30
April 2008
- Based on letter No. 066 RoKoTo.KoPo dated 28 August 2008 of Kampot Water Suplly
Utility
- Based on letter No. 40 URoTho. KoPo dated 03 February 2009 of the Provincial
Department of Industry Mine and Energy of Kampot
- Based on the necessary requirement of the Ministry of Industry Mine and Energy


The Government Agrres to:
Article 1: Appoit the Project Steering Committee for Extension of Water and Sanitation
in Kampot Province under the Support of UN-HABITAT as follows:
1. Mr. Sorn Savnin Deputy Chief of Potable Water
Supply Departmen
Chairman
2. Mr. Te Chinnarith Vice Chief of Provincial
Department
Member
3. Mr. Bun Chan Kong Director of Kampot Water Supply
Utility
Member
4. Mr. Se Dang Vice Chief of Toek Chhu District Member
5. Mr. Svay Mith Chief of Kampot Municipality Member
6. Mr. Mak Chhor Van Rey Chief of Planning Office Member
7. Mr. Som Sith Staff of Potable Water Supply Member

Acticle 2: The Steering Committee is responsible as follows:
- Lead the implementation activities and assistance of the steering commettee of the
exstension of water supply and sanitation in Kampot Province;
- Prepare activities plan and request the approval from the project steering committee;
22

- Prepare budget plan for the project implementation and request the approval from
project steering committee;
- Supervising and preparing project procurement;
- Monitoring investigation and coordination and cooperation with the company that
win the bid in project implementation;
- Prepare accounting for project expenditure to garantee the accuratecy and
transparency of the project implementation;
- supervising and managing construction work and extension of the network;
Article 3: The Cabinet of Minister, Department of Potable Water Supply , Provincial
Department of Industry Mine and Energyy, Kampot Water Supply Utility and Related
Organization based in Kampot Province and the appointed persons in the Article 1 shall
assume their functions and responsibilities appropriately from the date of signature.



Minister


C/C to:
- Kampot Provincial Municipility
- Kampot Municipility and Toek Chhu District Office
- Provincial Department of Industry Mine and Energy
- Provincial Department of Economic and Finance Suy Sem
-Provincial Department of Public and Transportation
-UN-HABITAT
-Appoited Persons
-Document














23

Appendix II
KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA
Nation Religion King

Ministry of Industry Mine and Energy
No. 150 U.Ro.Thor. Tor.Sor.Bror. Kor
Phnom Penh Date 26 February 2009

Agreement
on The Establishement of Project Implementation for the Extension of
Water and Sanitation Project of UN-HABITAT in Kampot Province

Minister of Industry Mine and Energy

- Bades on the law of the Kingdom of Cambodia
- Based on the Royal Decree number Nor.Sor/Rokoto/0908/1055 dated 25 August 2008 on
the monination of the Royal Government of the Kongdom of Cambodia.
- Based on the Rotyal Decree Nor.Sor/RoKoMo/0196/05 dated 24/January/1996 declared
on the law of Ministry of Industry Mine and Energy
- Based on the Sub-decree No. 35 OrNorKror.Bor.Kor dated 26 April 1999 of the Roral
Governement of Cambodia on the Preparation and Implementation of the Ministry of
Industry Mine and Energy
- Based on the Agreement on Cooperation of The United Nations Human Settlement
Programme (UN-HABITAT) and Kampot Water Suplly Utility on Cambodia dated 30
April 2008
- Based on letter No. 061 RoKorTor.KoPo dated 14 August 2008 of Kampot Water Suplly
Utility
- Based on letter No.149 URoTho. TorSor. BroKor dated 26 Februay 2009 of the Ministry
of Industry Mine and Energy
- Based on the necessary requirement of the Ministry of Industry Mine and Energy


The Ministry Agrres to:
Article 1: Appoint the Project Implementation for Extension of Water and Sanitation in
Kampot Province under the Support of UN-HABITAT as follows:
1. Mr. Bun Chan Kong Director of Kampot Water Supply
Utility
Project Director
2. Mr. Norn Vanny Deputy Director of Kampot Water
Supply Utility
Project
Accountant
3. Vong SaMon Deputy Director of Kampot Water
Supply Utility
Project
Technical
4. Mr. Ty Kean Deputy Director of Kampot Water
Supply Utility
Project
Administrative
5. Mr. Kang Manolim Chief Office Project
Purchasing
Acticle 2: The Steering Implementation is responsible as follows:

- Lead the implementation activities and assistance of the steering commettee of the
exstension of water supply and sanitation in Kampot Province;
- Prepare activities plan and request the approval from the project steering committee;
24

- Prepare budget plan for the project implementation and request the approval from
project steering committee;
- Supervising and preparing project procurement;
- Monitoring investigation and coordination and cooperation with the company that
win the bid in project implementation;
- Prepare accounting for project expenditure to garantee the accuratecy and
transparency of the project implementation;
- supervising and managing construction work and extension of the network.

Article 3: The Cabinet of Minister, Department of Potable Water Supply , Provincial
Department of Industry Mine and Energyy, Kampot Water Supply Utility and Related
Organization based in Kampot Province and the appointed persons in the Article 1 shall
assume their functions and responsibilities appropriately from the date of signature.



Minister


C/C to:
- Kampot Provincial Municipility
- Kampot Municipility and Toek Chhu District Office
- Provincial Department of Industry Mine and Energy
- Provincial Department of Economic and Finance Suy Sem
-Provincial Department of Public and Transportation
-UN-HABITAT
-Appoited Persons
-Document




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