# ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering

Lecture 09: Mechanical Design – Pressure Containment: Part 2

Shawn Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. Assistant Professor Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Memorial University of Newfoundland spkenny@engr.mun.ca

D..Update – Available DNV OS & RP Educational Purposes Only DNV OS-F101 Submarine Pipeline Systems DNV-RP-C205 Environmental Conditions and Environmental Loads DNV-RP-F105 Free Spanning Pipelines DNV-RP-F109 On-bottom Stability Design of Submarine Pipelines DNV-RP-F111 Interference between Trawl Gear and Pipelines 2 © 2008 S. P. Kenny.Eng. Ph. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .

. Ph. P.D. Kenny. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .Eng.Lecture 09 Objective To examine mechanical behaviour for pressure containment of thick-walled pipelines 3 © 2008 S.

Thick-Walled Cylinders Characteristics Through thickness (radial) variation of stress Valid for D/t ≤ 20 t ≥ 0. P.10 inner pipe radius Pe Theory of Elasticity Lamé Formula • Force equilibrium • ε-δ relationships • Compatibility equation • σ-ε relationships 4 © 2008 S. Ph.D..Eng. Pi ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 . Kenny.

Eng.) Symmetry No shear stress τ rθ = 0 Equilibrium equation dσ r σ r − σθ + + Fr = 0 dr r ε-δ relationship εr = du 1 dv u dv 1 du v + . γ rθ = + − . Kenny. P. Ph. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .D. εθ = dr r dθ r dr r dθ r 5 © 2008 S..Thick-Walled Cylinders (cont.

D.) Open End & Unconstrained σz = 0 Hooke’s law εr = εθ = du 1 = (σ r − νσ θ ) dr E u 1 = (σ θ − νσ r ) r E γ rθ = 0 6 © 2008 S.Thick-Walled Cylinders (cont.Eng.. P. Ph. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 . Kenny.

Kenny.) Rearranging and Equating σr = σθ = E E ⎛ du u⎞ +ν ⎟ (ε r + νεθ ) = 1−ν 2 1 − ν 2 ⎜ dr r⎠ ⎝ E E ⎛u du ⎞ +ν (εθ + νε r ) = 1−ν 2 1−ν 2 ⎜ r dr ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ Substitute into Force Equilibrium dσ r σ r − σθ + + Fr = 0 dr r 7 © 2008 S.D.Eng. P. Ph..Thick-Walled Cylinders (cont. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .

D.Thick-Walled Cylinders (cont. P.Eng. Ph..) Equilibrium Equation of Motion d 2u 1 du u + − 2 =0 2 dr r dr r Solution ⇒ u = c1r + c2 r Radial and Tangential Stress Equations σr = σθ = E 1−ν 2 E 1−ν 2 ⎡ ⎛ 1−ν ⎞⎤ c1 (1 + ν ) − c2 ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎥ ⎢ ⎝ r ⎠⎦ ⎣ ⎡ ⎛ 1−ν ⎞⎤ c1 (1 + ν ) + c2 ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎥ ⎢ ⎝ r ⎠⎦ ⎣ 8 © 2008 S. Kenny. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .

Ph.Thick-Walled Cylinders (cont..D. Kenny. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .) Constant Longitudinal Strain σr = σθ = E 1−ν 2 E 1−ν 2 ⎡ ⎛ 1−ν ⎞⎤ c1 (1 + ν ) − c2 ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎥ ⎢ ⎝ r ⎠⎦ ⎣ ⎡ ⎛ 1−ν c1 (1 + ν ) + c2 ⎜ 2 ⎢ ⎝ r ⎣ ⎞⎤ ⎟⎥ ⎠⎦ σ r + σθ = εz = − ν E 2Ec1 1−ν (σ r + σ θ ) = constant ∴ plane sections remain plane 9 © 2008 S. P.Eng.

Ph.Eng..Thick-Walled Cylinders (cont. P. Kenny. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .D.) Recall Open End and P Unconstrained Cylinder ∫ σ ( 2π r ) dr = c π ( b − a ) = 0 b 2 2 a z 3 e a Pi b ∴c3 = σz = 0 Substitute Pressure Boundary Conditions 1 − ν a 2 pi − b 2 pe c1 = E b2 − a2 2 2 1 + ν a b ( pi − pe ) c2 = E b2 − a2 10 © 2008 S.

Eng. Ph. Kenny.. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .D.Thick-Walled Cylinders (cont. P.) Lamé Equations a 2 pi − b 2 pe ( pi − pe ) a b − σr = b2 − a2 b2 − a2 r 2 2 2 Pe a ( ) Pi b a 2 pi − b 2 pe ( pi − pe ) a b + σθ = b2 − a2 b2 − a2 r 2 2 2 ( ) 2 2 2 2 1 − ν a pi − b pe r 1 + ν ( pi − pe ) a b + u= 2 2 E b −a E b2 − a2 r ( ) ( ) τ max = σθ − σ r 2 ( pi − pe ) a2b2 = (b 2 − a2 r 2 ) Conditions for largest τmax? 11 © 2008 S.

σθ τmax on 45° Pe a Pi b Pressure to Initiate Yielding (Tension) τ max = py 12 σy 2 2 (b = − a2 σ y 2b 2 ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 ) © 2008 S.Thick-Walled Cylinders (cont.D.Eng..) Principal Stresses σr. . Ph. P. Kenny.

Eng. Ph. Kenny..Hoop Stress Comparison D/t Ratio 13 © 2008 S. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .D. P.

P. Ph.D.. Kenny.Hoop Stress Comparison Through Thickness 14 © 2008 S.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 .

ν = 0. P.Eng.762.D. Pe = 2MPa. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 . Pi = 20MPa.3 Thin wall theory tmin = 18. Kenny. φ = 0.2mm tmin ≥ Lamé tmin = 19.1mm 1 2 t 1 t − + =0 2 φ σ y + pe ⎞ Do Do ⎛ 2 ⎜1 + ⎟ pi − pe ⎠ ⎝ 15 © 2008 S.Example 9-01 Calculate the minimum wall thickness using thin wall theory.80 E = 205GPa. σy = 448MPa.0mm tmin ( pi − pe ) Do ≥ 2φσ y + pi pi Do 2φσ y Barlow tmin = 21.. Ph. Barlow’s equation and Lamé equation using the outside diameter Do = 0.

(2003)..Eng.D. 544p. S.K. and Fenster. P. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 09 . 4th Edition.References Ugural. Advanced Strength and Applied Elasticity. Prentice Hall.C. Kenny. 16 © 2008 S. A. Ph.