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The Project Working of the Software Mechanism of Operation Tests and Accuracy The Vision and the Future Projected Future Developments Limitations, Problems and Obstacles Concerns and Reservations References and Credits
the software is able to examine the parts of the brain that are active while someone is thinking. Actually. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI): Functional MRI or functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a type of specialized MRI scan. Brain-Computer Interface: A brain–computer interface (BCI). Intel Labs lets its researchers spend time and money attempting to create some truly inspiring technology. The flow of information between the human and computer is defined as the loop of interaction. While still very exploratory the research is already showing that thought based interfaces are not as far fetched as one might think Here. People want to access their information on the pc in a more natural convenient and less intrusive way. by reading MRI scans. Multi-touch. gestures and voice interfaces are recent steps in this direction.Interface: The human–computer interface can be described as the point of communication between the human user and the computer. in this project it is being investigated what can be inferred about a person's cognitive state from their pattern of neural activity. The Human Brain: The Ultimate Interface to Computers It may one day in the not-extremely-distant future be possible control your computer and other devices just by thinking. Newly developed software by Intel allows someone to read the mind. The vision. And based on the result of that examination. is a direct communication pathway between a brain and an external device. sometimes called a direct neural interface or a brain– machine interface. the Ultimate Interface to Computers. the software then in its turn predict what the person is thinking by analyzing the neural activity of the subject concerned. It is one of the most recently developed forms of Neuroimaging. It measures the hemodynamic response (change in blood flow) related to neural activity in the brain or spinal cord of humans or other animals. as they say is for computers and mobile devices to interact with your thoughts. This project called “The Human Brain. like the ability to directly input data from your brain into a PC.” is the latest in this direction and it seems we have taken the first baby steps in figuring how to get a .
Test subjects are then asked to pick one or two new terms and focus on them. After the computer analyzed the brain patterns produced by different words. specifically concrete nouns. The scans revealed that some words produced a very similar pattern of brain activity. the system required test subjects to first think about a series of words such as different animals or objects. held 7 April in New York. the software uses the earlier results as a baseline to determine what the person is thinking. the testers asked the subject to think about one of two new words. a test subject thinks of a word like cow or house and the MRI measures the brain activity kicked off by that thought. Then researchers asked the subjects to select one or two new terms and focus on them. This is then mapped and stored on the computer. so when it sees this particular brain activity. To get optimum results. Using an MRI machine. The challenge for the computer was then to determine which word the person was thinking based on the previous brain scan.thought from a person into a computer without any type of wired connection or suspicious implants. So far. while other words generated quite different levels of activity. it knows what the person is thinking about. much of the time has been spent since the starting of the project about three years back in mapping how the human brain reacts when thinking of a certain word. This was one of the concept products shown as part of Intel’s Tech Heaven event. . the technology looks promising to researchers. It analyzed the subjects' brain waves while they were focusing on those words. the computer scored 9 out of 10 for an almost perfect grade. and by reading the brain activity associated with different types and categories of words. In a preliminary test the system scanned a person's brain to record its activity while showing the person certain words. Working of the Software: The system works best when a person is first scanned while thinking of dozens of different concrete nouns. In the test. The Project: Though still in the early research stages. The software uses those similar and dissimilar patterns to decipher what the brain is thinking. the software was able to predict what new nouns they were focusing on.
it chooses one word from a list of words already fed in its memory which ‘should’ have almost identical activated zones in the brain of the subject if thought about which in turn means. ~ Cars which can be driven without steering wheel. eventually being able to interface to information. The software then analyzes the shared attributes of different words. The technology is projected to be extremely valuable for defence intelligence . ~ People will be able to interact with a device through the power of thought. A person thinking of a bear also shows activity in the Amygdala . the software monitors the brain for activated zones or excited zones using fMRI. ~ Cellular phones which call people when user thinks about calling them. The attributes of these items are then used as a reference point for other new words. Tests and Accuracy: To test the concept.Mechanism of Operation: The subject’s brain is first scanned while thinking of dozens of simple nouns. a subject was asked to think about various nouns — animals or objects — while their brainwaves were analyzed. The software was able to correctly determine what two new words a person has been thinking about nine out of 10 times giving it accuracy-efficiency of about 90 percent.home of the fight-or-flight response. Considering the project is new and is still in development stage the accuracy is expected to rise as better brain mapping techniques and much effective algorithm become available. The vision and the Future: Intel says the software could provide a severely physically disabled person with the means to communicate and. should be the same word that the subject is thinking about . For example. of course ~ Prosthetics technology will receive an unprecedented boost. Then by using a complex permutations algorithm to cross check these activated zones of the brain referenced against the previous ‘known’ patterns of different nouns and categories of words each with a distinct set of properties and the activated zones they produce in the brain. EEG and other non-invasive brain mapping scans to create ‘patterns’. The actual application possibilities are endless with such a technology. When predicting a word being thought about by the subject. to your devices and to other people without having an intermediary device. a person who is thinking of a bear uses the same parts of the brain that light up when he or she thinks of a dog or something else furry. different brain activities are associated with various types and/or categories of words.
signals from implanted prostheses can. most importantly the visual nerve giving us a more coherent understanding of how the mind works and why we perceive the world the way we do leading to Reconstruction of ‘Mental Images’ and ‘Recordings’ of dreams becoming a possibility. Thanks to the remarkable cortical plasticity of the brain. sight and movement. indexed memory searches becomes possible. . These are just an iota of the many applications and areas of expertise which are certain to be affected. The transition is expected to happen in ranged steps having different developmental aims and the corresponding results – Early: Signal splicing into human sensory nerve pathways. Partial or full uploading of information in the brain becomes possible and inevitable making construction of Artificial Intelligence and Bio-Mechanical humans a reality. Smart Submarines. what possibilities this opens up? Projected Future Developments for Brain to Machine Interface Technology: The field of BCI has blossomed spectacularly. but the project has made some intriguing advances. Arbitrary read-write access to the whole brain. mostly toward neuroprosthetics applications that aim at restoring damaged hearing. Smart Tanks all following the thoughts of an operator instead of bulky interfaces connecting these machines with the user today. after adaptation. The actual effect of such technology if and when researched to its potential is not comprehensible with the current amount of information. Limitations.~ Smart Combat Planes. Who knows. The ability to produce hard copies of ideas and thoughts. be handled by the brain like natural sensor or effector channels. Final: Direct control over the activities of all individual neurons by means of Nanorobots. The line between the mind and the computer is blurred. Mid-term: More direct links into the brain with the ability to read certain thoughts and copy a wide range of data and information into various parts of the brain making it possible to tap into hidden reserves of the recalling powers of the mind. With more development in this sector and more research aimed at everyday application we are moving towards a future where machines and virtual reality merge with the mind and the actual perceived reality. Problems and Obstacles: To say that all the small details for this concept have not been totally worked out yet would be a major understatement.
brain waves could be deciphered and categorized into a language that is decipherable. literally. The apprehension about letting someone or something have clear access to all the thoughts in your mind is not too hard to grasp. and robust access to brain signals. The current equipment used for the technology is both expensive and cumbersome. Concerns and Reservations: Invasion of privacy is one of the most cited concerns regarding this technology. At that point. Hopefully. Researchers hope that eventually. Not unlike any other potentially limitless scientific concept. there is the possibility that one could say "read someone's mind". and cannot yet read into abstract thought. the law has not caught up to the technology and it is stressed that scientists need to consider the boundaries of these applications. A headphone setup that could be used to “read” brain activity and then transfer it to the Internet is being currently used for the project. people could use it to command computers or robots or absolutely any other electronic device ranging from Nanobots to large ships just through one's thoughts. but the sky is the limit. However. stumbling block in making the idea a reality: shrinking the MRI-type machine down to a usable size and making it more affordable than the $2 million machine now being used. So the focus now is on the biggest. the project's accomplishments are modest . For now. . entertainment and educational purposes so that the law may catch up to keeping the new technology contained in a proper realm. the technology will send information from someone’s brain to a device or another individual.it can only be used with prohibitively expensive and bulky fMRI equipment and hasn't yet been adapted to analyze abstract thoughts. accurate. without any visible equipment. Another impediment of the technology at present is the lack of a sensor modality that provides safe. it will always be bringing new concerns to the table as it progresses through the years.such as mapping how the human brain behaves and then transferring that data to a computer. it will just be used for everyday applications. Essentially. Development and implementation of a Brain–Computer Interface (BCI) system is complex and time consuming as well but all this is expected to change in a few years. The future of brain-computer interfaces is unknown. If and when the system becomes more consumer friendly.
Wikipedia CNet News Fox News Yahoo News PhysOrg Inquirer .References and Credits: Intel Corp.Boffin Watch Blog .
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