21 views

Uploaded by Ben Kwapong

- pd8 modifikacija
- Introduction to Power-Amplifiers.pdf
- TDA7294
- LYNX Audio Amplifier 275W 4 Ohmi
- Cadence Introduction
- boylestad electronics multiple choice q&a chapter (12)
- Tda 8175
- AV02-2516EN
- MT-038
- Ch16
- Pass Aleph 3
- Field Strength Meter
- Amplifier Distortion
- Andreani.pdf
- Rf2125 Linear Amplifier
- PAdesign high-power
- 09-CS_Amp_Guide
- Tda 8172
- lab2
- 200810a

You are on page 1of 37

0 Power Amplifiers 1 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 2 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 3 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 4 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 5 of 37

Class A Power Calculations

Pi(dc) = Vcc*Ico

Po(ac) = Icrms2*Rc

= (Icp/2 ½ )2*Rc

= (Vcp/2 ½ )2/Rc

= (Vcpp/2*2 ½ )2/Rc

= (Vcpp)2/8Rc

= (Icpp)2*Rc /8

and since,

then,

12.0 Power Amplifiers 6 of 37

Maximum Power Output and Efficiency

Pomax(ac) = (Vcc)2/8Rc

ICQ = Vcc/2Rc

Pimax(dc) = Vcc*Vcc/2Rc

% = Pomax(ac)/Pimax(dc) = 25%

But, if the bias is not in the center, the power output is as calculated as

Po(ac) = Vcpp* Icpp /8 and

Pi(dc) = Vcc*Ico

12.0 Power Amplifiers 7 of 37

The Class A amplifier has a load line and Q-point as shown. Determine the power situation.

b) What is the maximum Po when the amp is operated at this Q-point?

Pi = VCC*ICQ = 20V * 2mA = 40mW

Po = Vrms2/R R = 20/8mA = 2500

0.5 2

= (5/2 ) /2500 =

= 5mW or,

Po = (Vcemax – Vcemin)(Icmax – Icmin) /8

= (20-10)(4 - )/8 = 5mW

c) What is the maximum Po when the amp is operated at a Q-point of 10v and 4ma?

Po = (20 – 0)(8 – 0)/8 = 20mW and Pi = 20V*4mA = 80mW

Ic

8ma

0

Qpt

2ma

0

0 Vce

15v 20v

12.0 Power Amplifiers 8 of 37

10.70mA

55.13uA R1

R2

1k

350k

V2

Q1

C1 20Vdc

1

Q2N2222

VAMPL = 4m

Pi = 20V*10.7mA = 0.214W

b) Po(ac)

Po = (10.6 – 7.8)2 /1k = 0.952mW

( 2*21/2 )2

12.0 Power Amplifiers 9 of 37

11V

10V

9V

8V

7V

0s 2ms 4ms 6ms 8ms 10ms

V(R1:1)

Time

12.0 Power Amplifiers 10 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 11 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 12 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 13 of 37

The signal output swing is nearly 2x the supply voltage. This is the efficiency improvement.

12.0 Power Amplifiers 14 of 37

Efficiency of amplifier

Pi(dc) = Vcc*ICQ

12.0 Power Amplifiers 15 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 16 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 17 of 37

Ic = 140mA + 10V/72 = 140mA + 139mA = 279mA

Looking at the graph & setting the max Ib = 6mA + 4mA = 10mA........results in a max of 255mA by

eyeballing the plot.

The minimum current is when Ib = 6mA – 4mA = 2mA and is 25mA again from estimating the plot.

from the plot the min and max Vce’s are found to be 1.7V and 18.3V.

Notice that the signal swing is nearly 2X the supply voltage.....this where the efficiency gain occurs.

So, the power output is,

12.0 Power Amplifiers 18 of 37

The resistance load of a transistor amplifier is plotted on the transistor characteristics. Determine,

a) Input power, P(dc)

b) Maximum output power

Q-point

P(dc) = (160mA)(25) = 4 W

R = 25/0.4 = 62.5 ohms

P(ac) = Vp2/2R = (25-15)2/2*62.5 = 0.8 W

12.0 Power Amplifiers 19 of 37

The load reflected back to the transistor is 50 ohms. Determine the following,

a) Load line

b) Minimum and maximum output voltages

c) Maximum power efficiency for this bias condition

Q-point

12.0 Power Amplifiers 20 of 37

Q-point

= 50%[(17.5 – 2.5)/(17.5 + 2.5)]2

= 28.125%

12.0 Power Amplifiers 21 of 37

For the transformer-coupled Class A amplifier below the dc base current is 6ma and the signal base current

swings from 8ma to 4ma. The turns ratio is 5:1 and the load resistance is 4 ohms.

12V & 180mA 5pt

b) What is the input power including both the base and collector currents?

(180+6)*10 = 1860mW = 1.86W 5pt

PL =~ 1/8 *(18 – 7)*(240mA – 125mA) = 0.18W 5pt

4 ohms

0 5:1

Ic

400ma

12ma 0

300ma 10ma

8ma

200ma

6ma

4ma

100ma

2ma

0

0 5 10 15 20 Vce

12.0 Power Amplifiers 22 of 37

The Class A transformer-coupled power amplifier circuit schematic and simulation results are given below.

The schematic with DC collector current is,

TX1

R1

R2

4

75k

V2

0 20Vdc

Q1

C1 55.58mA

1

Q2N2222

VAMPL = 0.004

22V

21V

20V

19V

18V

18.0us 18.5us 19.0us 19.5us 20.0us

V(TX1:2)

Time

12.0 Power Amplifiers 23 of 37

64mA

60mA

56mA

52mA

48mA

18.0us 18.5us 19.0us 19.5us 20.0us

I(TX1:1)

Time

12.0 Power Amplifiers 24 of 37

200mV

100mV

0V

-100mV

-200mV

18.0us 18.5us 19.0us 19.5us 20.0us

V(TX1:3)

Time

a) Pi(dc) ignore the base current

Pi = 20V*55.58mA = W

Po = (1/8)(21.5V – 18.4V)*(61.8mA – 49.8mA) = W

Po = [(200mV + 185mV)/2*2 ½ ]2/4

12.0 Power Amplifiers 25 of 37

Assume the power amplifiers in the questions below are operating at a Q-point such that maximum power

output could be obtained if desired.

a) Power Input

b) Power Output

Show your work; i.e., the formulas/algebra you used for each problem.

1. A resistor-load power amplifier has a voltage output swing peak voltage equal to 0.4Vcc.

2

Pi = Vcc * Vcc/2R = Vcc /2R

1/2 2

Po = (0.4Vcc/(2 )) /R

2. A 1:1 transformer-load power amplifier has a voltage output swing peak voltage equal to 0.8Vcc.

2

Pi = Vcc*Vcc/R = Vcc /R

1/2 2

Po = (0.8Vcc/2 ) /R

3. A Class B (push-pull) power amplifier has a voltage output swing peak voltage equal to 0.7Vcc.

Pi = Vcc*2(0.7)Vcc/πR

1/2 2

Po = (0.7Vcc/2 ) /R

12.0 Power Amplifiers 26 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 27 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 28 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 29 of 37

For each half cycle current goes through the power supply, Vcc.

Idc = Ip/π

and since this current flows on each half cycle the average current is

Idc = 2Ip/π

= 2* VLp/RL π

Output Power

Po(ac) = VLrms2/RL

= VLp2/2RL

= VLpp2/8RL

12.0 Power Amplifiers 30 of 37

Efficiency

% = 100%*Po(ac)/Pi(dc)

100%*π*(VLp/4Vcc)

% = π/4 = 78.5%

Transistor Power

PQ = ½ *P2Q

12.0 Power Amplifiers 31 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 32 of 37

Power Amplifiers

Resistor Load

Pi = Vcc * Vcc/2R = Vcc2/2R

%efficiency max = 25%

Pi = Vcc*Vcc/R = Vcc2/R

%efficiency max = 50%

Push-Pull

Pi = 2Vcc*Vcc/πR

Po = (Vcc/21/2)2/R = Vcc2/2R

%efficiency max = (1/2)/(2/ π) = 25π %

12.0 Power Amplifiers 33 of 37

Summary of Power Amplifiers

Draw 3 circuits

Signal swing (peak-to-peak / 2)/sqrt of 2 for rms

Ipp*Vpp/8

Power Current Supply Power

Class A Vcc Vcc/R Vcc2/8R Vcc/2R Vcc Vcc2/2R 25

Class A 2Vcc 2Vcc/R’ 4Vcc2/8R’ Vcc/R Vcc Vcc2/R’ 50

Transformer

Class B 2Vcc 2Vcc/R 4Vcc2/8R 2Vcc/πR Vcc 2Vcc2/πR 100π/4

12.0 Power Amplifiers 34 of 37

Amplifier Distortion

Harmonic Distortion

= % Dn where n = 2, 3, 4,……..

= 100%* |An|/|A1|

P1 = I12*Rc/2

= (1 + THD2)P1

12.0 Power Amplifiers 35 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 36 of 37

12.0 Power Amplifiers 37 of 37

- pd8 modifikacijaUploaded byprezime
- Introduction to Power-Amplifiers.pdfUploaded bymrana_56
- TDA7294Uploaded byPaun Bogdan
- LYNX Audio Amplifier 275W 4 OhmiUploaded byDanut7777
- Cadence IntroductionUploaded bydragos_bond
- boylestad electronics multiple choice q&a chapter (12)Uploaded byDenaiya Watton Leeh
- Tda 8175Uploaded byminiecate
- AV02-2516ENUploaded bypagol_23_smh
- MT-038Uploaded byFuad Adnan Rahmani
- Ch16Uploaded bys.b.v.seshagiri1407
- Pass Aleph 3Uploaded byeletropc
- Field Strength MeterUploaded byVinod Jagdale
- Amplifier DistortionUploaded byMiyuki Yoshihara
- Andreani.pdfUploaded byAlberto Dan
- Rf2125 Linear AmplifierUploaded bymichaelliu123456
- PAdesign high-powerUploaded byAnis
- 09-CS_Amp_GuideUploaded byahmet1471
- Tda 8172Uploaded byperro s
- lab2Uploaded byModitha Lakshan
- 200810aUploaded bymaheshv
- 3656Uploaded bypraveen
- MAX9812-MAX9813LUploaded byAnonymous B1gdy1j5
- ECE102_F12-LecSet-7A.pdfUploaded byNico Camerino
- AD704Uploaded byTrinh Tran
- A New Approach to Minimize Stability Factor of an AmplifierUploaded byesatjournals
- MAX9750-MAX9755Uploaded bydaoud70
- 3Uploaded bybinukiruba
- Pam 8610sadasUploaded byАлександар Мазињанин
- MRF173Uploaded byMohsen
- 3885Uploaded bykubik

- Low Power Hardware DesignUploaded bydee
- Call Adobe Form Through ABAP Web DynproUploaded byGobara Dhan
- LM26Uploaded byflo0909rin
- How to Print QR CodesUploaded byrajukrishnam
- vsamUploaded bysatsrini
- cache-tuneUploaded byJayant Ingale
- edm-powerExplanationUploaded byapi-3711466
- Ez Usb General Purpose Driver Spec PDFUploaded byJanette
- Grid Computing Middle WareUploaded byNgọc Giàu
- 8051 Pinout InfoUploaded byrmk_38
- Honeywell Interview QuestionsUploaded byManohari Rd
- IEEE Project Titles 2011Uploaded bymanuanchala7139
- Secure Software Development Code Analysis Tools 389Uploaded bybalashivashree9593
- LCD_PANELS_FOR_TELEVISIONS_SERVICE_MANUA.pdfUploaded bymiguel luna
- IO Utility manual.pdfUploaded byPt Publisher
- Fs 8700 30 York AsciiUploaded byEric Dunn
- class2.pptUploaded byriteshyaaraa
- Parallels Desktop Users GuideUploaded bylaughinboy2860
- Piccolo Nano Data SheetUploaded byneopoisha
- PeelUploaded bySaurabh Bansal
- ac31grafsoftUploaded byantonyamnr
- Standard Interface for CNC EnUploaded byi_aordaz
- Magento on the AWS CloudUploaded byEli A
- Flow-based programmingUploaded byImran Shareef
- Embedded System DesignUploaded byWana Bila
- 91_lpi_simtest_1.pdfUploaded byKleyton Henrique Dos Santos
- param_shavak_brochure_web vesion.pdfUploaded byT
- HIP4081 80V Fast Bridge Driver[18] (1)Uploaded byHüseyin Murat Polater
- Epiphany Arch Reference 3.12.12.18Epiphany Arch ReferenceUploaded byJohnny Lim
- RedHawk User GuideUploaded byemerzee