Assignment No. 3 &4 B.

Tech Mechanical Engineering Third year
1. Discuss the various types of power threads. Give at least two practical applications for each type. Discuss their relative advantages and disadvantages. 2. Show that the efficiency of self-locking screws is less than 50 percent. 3. A vertical two start square threaded screw of a 100 mm mean diameter and20 mm pitch supports a vertical load of 18 kN. The axial thrust on the screw is taken by a collarbearing of 2 mm outside 50 diameter and 100 mm inside diameter. Find the force required at the endof a lever which is 400 mm long in order to lift and lower the load. The coefficient of friction for thevertical screw and nut is 0.15 and that for collar bearing is 0.20. 4. A power screw having double started square threads of 25 mm nominal diameter and 5 mm pitch is acted upon by an axial load of 10 kN. The outer and inner diameters of screw collar are 50 mm and 20 mm respectively. The coefficient of thread friction and co friction may be assumed as 0.2 and 0.15 llar respectively. The screw rotates at 12 r.p.m. Assuming uniform wear condition at the collar and allowable thread bearing pressure of 5.8 N/mm2, find: 1. the torque required to rotate the screw; 2. the stress in the screw; and 3. the number of threads of nut in engagement with screw. 5. A screw jack is to lift a load of 80 kN through a height of 400 mm. The elastic strength of screw material in tension andcompression is 200 MPa and in shear 120 MPa. The material for nut is phosphorbronze for which the elastic limit may be taken as 100 MPa in tension, 90 MPa in compression a 80 nd MPa in shear. The bearing pressure between the nut and the screw is not to exceed 18 N/mm2. Design and draw the screw jack. The design should include the design of 1. Screw, 2. Nut, 3. Handle and cup and 4bodies. 6. Find the efficiency of the following riveted joints : a) Single riveted lap joint of 6 mm plates with 20 mm diameter rivets having a pitch of 50 mm. b) Double riveted lap joint of 6 mm plates with 20 mm diameter rivets having a pitch of 65 mm. Assume Permissible tensile stress in plate = 120 MPa Permissible shearing stress in rivets = 90 MPa Permissible crushing stress in rivets = 180 MPa 7. An eccentrically loaded lap riveted joint is to be designed for a steel bracket as Shown

Fig. 8. The bracket plate is 25 mm thick. All rivets are to be of the same size. Load on the bracket, P = 50 kN ; rivet spacing, C = 100 mm; load arm, e = 400 mm. Permissible shear stress is 65 MPa and crushing stress is 120 MPa. Determine the size of the rivets to be used for the joint

9. Desi t i le ri eted l it di l double strap butt joi t wit unequal straps for a boiler. The inside diameter of the longest course of the drum is 1.3 meters. The joint is to be designed for a steam pressure of 2.4 N/mm2. The working stresses to be used are:Wt= 77 MPa; X= 62 MPa and Wc= 120 MPa Assume the efficiency of the joint as 81%. 10. Classify the ri et heads according to Indian standard specifications. What is the material used for ri ets? 11. What is the difference between caulking and fullering? Explain with the help of neat sketches.

Tutorial sheet Machine desi n- I
1. Two plates of 7 mm thick are connected by a triple ri eted lap joint of zig-zag pattern. Calculate the ri et diameter, ri et pitch and distance between rows of ri ets for the joint. Also state the mode of failure of the joint. The safe working stresses are as follows :Wt = 90 M a ; X = 60 M a ; and Wc = 120 M a. 2. A bracket is ri eted to a column by 6 ri ets of equal size as shown in fig. It carries a load of 60 kN at a distance of 200 mm from the centre of the column. If the maximum shear stress in the ri et is limited to 150 M a, determine the diameter of the ri et. £ ¢ ¢ ¡ ¡   ¡ ¢ ¢      

3. Design a close coiled helical compression spring for a service load ranging from 2250 N to 2750 N. The axial deflection of the spring for the load range is 6 mm. Assume a spring index of 5. The permissible shear stress intensity is 420 M a and modulus of rigidity,G = 84 kN/mm2. Neglect the effect of stress concentration. Draw a fully dimensioned sketch of the spring, showingdetails of the finish of the end coils. 4. A safety valve of 60 mm diameter is to blow off at a pressure of 1.2 N/mm2. It is held on its seat by a close coiled helical spring. The maximum lift of the valve is 10 mm. Design a suitable compression spring of spring index 5 and providing an initial compression of 35 mm. The maximum shear stress in the material of the wire is limited to 500 M a. The modulus of rigidity for the spring material is 80 kN/mm2. Calculate : 1. Diameter of the spring wire, 2. Mean coil diameter, 3. Number of active turns, and 4. Pitch of the coil. 5. At the bottom of a mine shaft, a group of 10 identical close coiled helical springs are set in parallel to absorb the shock caused by the falling of the cage in case of a failure. The loaded cage weighs 75 kN, while the counter weight has a weight of 15 kN. If the loaded cage falls through a height of 50 metres from rest, find the maximum stress induced in each spring if it is made of 50 mm diameter steel rod. The spring index is 6 and the number of active turns in each spring is 20. Modulus of rigidity, G = 80 kN/mm2. 6. A helical compression spring made of oil tempered carbon steel is subjected to a load which varies from 600 N to 1600 N. The spring index is 6 and the design factor of safety is 1.43. If the yield shear stress is 700 MPa and the endurance stress is 350 MPa, find the size of the spring wire and meandiameter of the spring coil. 7. A screw press is to exert a force of 40 kN. The unsupported length of the screw is 400 mm. Nominal diameter of screw is 50 mm. The screw has square threads with pitch equal to 10 mm. The material of the screw and nut are medium carbon steel and cast iron respectively. For the steel used take ultimate crushing stress as 320 MPa, yield stress in tension or compression as 200 MPa and that in shear as 120 MPa. Allowable shear stress for cast iron is 20 MPa and allowable bearing pressure between screw and nut is 12 N/mm2. Young's modulus for steel = 210 kN/mm2. Determine the factor of safety of screw against failure. Find the dimensions of the nut. What is the efficiency of the arrangement? Take coefficient of friction between steel and cast iron as 0.13. 8. The lead screw of a lathe has Acme threads of 50 mm outside diameter and 8 mm pitch. The screw must exert an axial pressure of 2500 N in order to drive the tool carriage. The thrust is carried on a collar 110 mm outside diameter and 55 mm inside diameter and the lead screw rotates at 30 r.p.m. Determine (a) the power required to drive the screw; and (b) the efficiency of the lead screw. Assume a coefficient of friction of 0.15 for the screw and 0.12 for the collar. 9. Design a screw jack for lifting a load of 50 kN through a height of 0.4 m. The screw is made of steel and nut of bronze. Sketch the front sectional view. The following allowable stresses may be assumed n For steel : Compressive stress = 80 MPa ; Shear stress = 45 MPa For bronze : Tensile stress = 40 MPa ; Bearing stress = 15 MPaShear stress = 25 MPa. The coefficient of friction between the steel and bronze pair is 0.12. The dimensions of the swivelbase may be assumed proportionately. The screw should have square threads. Design the screw, nutand handle. The handle is made of steel having bending stress 150 MPa (allowable). £ £

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