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Z

r


ar
Θ

Ø ax Y

Ø
ay aΘ

ax= ar sinΘ cosØ ax


ay =ar sinΘ sinØ ay ax=aØ (-sinØ)
az=ar cosΘ ay=aØ cosØ
And the angle between Z̄ and āØ = zero
So, :
ax . ar =sin Θ cos Ø So,
ay.ar =sinΘ sin Ø
ax.aØ = -sin Ø
az.ar = cosΘ
ay.aØ = cosØ
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ax =aΘ cosΘ cosØ
az.aØ zero (since no component of Ø acting
ay=aΘ cosΘ sinØ in the direction of Z̄
az =aΘ (- sinΘ)

so, this depends on the study of Engineering


ax.aΘ =cosΘ cosØ drawing and Descriptive geometry.
ay.aΘ = cosΘ sinØ A.S
az.aΘ = - sinΘ
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