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Introduction

Kuala Lumpur Infrastructure University College (KLIUC) which was established in 1998

is the focuses on Kumpulan Ikram's tertiary education activities. Guided by the motto, "For

Knowledge, For Humanity", KLIUC aims to produce graduates with outstanding

technological and management skills, possesses high moral values to meet the challenges of

Vision 2020 and the K-economy.

Promoting a non-smoking campus is one of the priority in KLIUC, because a smoke-free

campus is beneficial to the health and well being of all members of the university. One of the

aims of KLIUC is also to protect the students and staff from the prejudice of smoking.

A non-smoking campus protects the university members from harmful effects of passive

smoking, it enables a fresh and healthy environment for work and study; create a fresh and

healthy environment. Thus, promote a healthy image of the university.

My group and I were set to make a non-smoking campaign for the people who smoke or

going to start smoking. So we are trying to stop people smoking before they start smoking and

as well, to help smokers to quit and More effective ways to help smokers kick the habit

permanently would also be explored, as well as Programmes will be carried out at the pit-

stops to educate the smokers on the key aspects of healthy living, in addition the smokers will

be given tips on eating well, the right way to exercise, how to handle stress and ways to

abstain from smoking.

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The campaign will offer its employees an assessment to identify nicotine replacement

products on a temporary basis or therapy through Respiratory Therapy and Behavioral Health

Services. In addition, the Wellness Program will offer education sessions on smoking

cessation, stress and anxiety, and nutrition.

. Our mission to promote health and wellness in the community encompasses all members of

(Kuala Lumpur infrastructure university collage) recognizes the importance of supporting

employees, patients and the community in a tobacco-free environment.

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Objectives

This Proposal aims to:

1) Promote KLIUC as a non-smoking campus for student and lecturers.

2) Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of KLIUC being a non-smoking campus.

3) Analyze possible suggestion of KLIUC being a non-smoking campus.

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Advantages of being a non-smoking campus

There are many advantages of KLIUC being a non-smoking campus. Among the benefits are:

1-Healthy environment for the students:

Cigarette smoke contains about 4000 chemical agents including 60 carcinogens, carbon

monoxide, tar, Arsenic, Cyanide Benzene, Formaldehyde, Methanol, Acetylene, Ammonia,

and Lead. (Source http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobacco_smoking)

Smoke-free environments are essential to protect the health of students, faculty, staff and

visitors in all campus facilities, grounds, and vehicles in which KLIUC functions or services

are carried out, the healthy environment at KLIUC campus is very important to secure and

promote the health, safety and welfare of people at the campus.

All members of the KLIUC community, guests, including vendors, contractors, and renters on

campus are responsible for observing the provisions of this policy

Further regulating the areas where people can smoke on campus would be more reasonable,

effective and generally welcomed change. People who smoke cigarettes right outside of

campus buildings are a nuisance to non-smokers who must pass through the toxic cloud on

their way to class, but they shouldn’t be forced from campus. Smoking is a vice and an

addiction. This is common knowledge, and as a society we have chosen, as illustrated by our

laws, to maintain cigarettes as a legal right to citizens who choose to consume them. If

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cigarettes are indeed banned on campus, smokers will simply go elsewhere when their

nicotine cravings strike or more likely will just flout the law and light up anyway.

Nevertheless, they won’t stop smoking. KLIUC officials need to realize when their attempts

to regulate student behavior will have palpable effects, and when they will fall on deaf ears.

In addition, KLIUC staff and students will get infected through Secondhand smoke, also

known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) or passive smoke, is a mixture of 2 forms of

smoke from burning tobacco products. Or, Side stream smoke, which is smoke that comes

from the end of a lighted cigarette, pipe, or cigar. Or, Mainstream: smoke that is exhaled by a

smoker. Then, it has to be a non-smoking campus.

2-Cleanliness of the campus:

“If you are going to smoke, please put your cigarette butts in the trash—not out the car

window, not in the gutter, not on the lawn, and not in a stream”

That quote has been written on the one of the universities (California State University), and

that came in a result of the dirtiness caused by the cigarettes and the smokers of course.

With no doubt , KLIUC being a non-smoking campus will reflect a beautiful and clean

picture of the collage, if not ; cigarette’s butts will scatter every where around the campus

and The worst part about this type of pollution is that there is a small and easy preventative

tactic.

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According to ButtsOut.com, 4.3 trillion cigarette butts litter the ground each year because of

people like us. About 25.1 million men and 20.9 million women are smokers, which

proportionally means approximately more than 20 percent of our campus takes part in the

tobacco trend. Many people may excuse the nasty habit with the idea of decomposition.

Sadly, cigarette butts deteriorate differently from rotten fruit and dead plants. They actually

remain sitting on the earth for roughly 12 to 15 years because of an ingredient called synthetic

polymer cellulose acetate, imagine how much pollution must occur on campus each day, even

when disposals are available at various dorms and academic buildings. Faculty and students

want to be able to boast about their gorgeous campus, and many smokers believe their few

cigarette butts per day won't make a difference. They do, here are just some of the reasons

why it is important to raise awareness about cigarette butt litter:

There are 4,000 chemicals in cigarette butts and a lot of those are toxic.

Within an hour of contact with water, cigarette butts can begin leaching chemicals such as

cadmium, lead, and arsenic into the marine environment. Cigarette butts are not biodegradable

and can take up to 12 years to decompose. Cigarette butts have been found in the stomachs of

fish, birds, whales, and other marine creatures who mistake them for food.

It only takes two to three cigarette butts ingested by a small pet to seriously harm or kill them.

(Source: http://www.ucdavis.edu/search/index.html?cx=004393900062766886059:da23-

x1vm6k&q=cleanless%20of%20the%20campus&cof=FORID:9)

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3-Prevention from fire breakout:

Based on a worldwide study of smoking-related fire and disaster data, University of

California-Davis epidemiologists show that smoking is a leading global cause of fires and

death from fires, resulting in an estimated cost of nearly $7 billion in the United States and

$27.2 billion worldwide in 1998. The study was published in the August issue of Preventive

Medicine. (Source: http://www.ucdavis.edu/index.html)

Fires cause 1% of the global burden of disease and 300,000 deaths per year worldwide.

Smoking causes an estimated 30% of fire deaths in the United States and 10% of fire deaths

worldwide.

In France, a single lighted cigarette thrown from a moving car in 1999 ignited a fire in the

Mont Blanc Tunnel, a major thoroughfare between France and Italy, causing 39 deaths and

over $1 billion in losses to the region. The Oakland Hills, Calif., fire, in which a lit cigarette

remains a suspected cause, left 10,000 homeless, destroyed nearly 4,000 dwellings and cost

more than $1.5 billion. (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mont_Blanc_Tunnel)

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To estimate the total cost of fires from smoking, UC-Davis epidemiologists analyzed reports

of smoking-related fires and fire disasters throughout much of the world to tabulate and

summarize total fire number, injury, death and property loss data. They compared these totals

to U.S. fire, burn and fire death rates per billion cigarettes extrapolated globally. To estimate

the cost of smoking-attributable lighter or match fires accidentally started by children under

the age of 10, the researchers assessed the smoking-attributable percentage of all cigarette

lighters and matches used.

(Source: http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/news/smokingdisaster_costs.html)

Some 2 million fires occur each year in the United States alone. These fires result in about

5,000 deaths, 54,000 hospitalizations and 1.4 million injuries. The overall cost of fire in the

United States, which has been estimated at up to $200 billion a year, represents almost 2% of

the U.S. gross domestic product. Of these U.S. fires, children under the age of 10 with access

to cigarette lighters and matches cause about 100,000 fires, 300 to 400 child deaths, and 11%

of all injuries in reported fires each year. Globally, lighters and matches cause an estimated 1

million fires started by children.

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Disadvantages of being a non-smoking campus

1) Smokers get stressed and could not perform academically:

Smoking is a bad habit widespread among teenagers. It contains dangerous items

which destroy the human brain and lungs. It causes different diseases such as cancer in

different areas in the human body.

THE EFFECTS OF NICOTINE:

Nicotine acts as both a stimulant and depressant on your body. It increases your bowel

activity, saliva, and bronchial secretions. It stimulates the nervous system and may cause

tremors in the inexperienced user, or even convulsions with high doses.

After stimulation, there's a phase that depresses the muscles in your airways. As a euphoric

agent, nicotine causes relaxation from stressful situations.

On average, tobacco increases your heart rate 10 to 20 beats per minute, and it increases your

blood pressure reading by 5 to 10 mmHg (because it constricts the blood vessels).

Nicotine may also cause sweating, nausea, and diarrhea. Nicotine elevates the blood level of

glucose (blood sugar) and increases insulin production. Nicotine also tends to enhance platelet

aggregation, which may lead to blood clots.

Nicotine temporarily stimulates memory and alertness. People who use tobacco frequently

depend on it to help them accomplish certain tasks at specific levels of performance. Nicotine

also tends to be an appetite suppressant. (For this reason, fear of weight gain also influences

the willingness of some people to stop smoking.)

Finally, tobacco is highly addictive. It is considered mood and behavior altering that why the

smokers get stressed and could not perform well.

(Source : http://books.google.com.my/books?

id=RSlyVbZmv4QC&dq=smoking&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=xWYJKbuQDP&si

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g=hlf7qAXUy6e17BYZNCcBJEqaWLs&hl=en&ei=bMyuSfuOKNW4kAWw3o20Bg&sa=X

&oi=book_result&resnum=7&ct=result)

2) Smokers will opt for other ways to release tension:

Tobacco is believed to have an addictive potential comparable to alcohol, cocaine, and

morphine. So the smokers will try to opt for other ways to release the tension because they are

prohibited to smoke inside the college campus, they will try to skip the lectures or maybe they

are going to change the college or they will try to use other things like use alcohol, drugs or

smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco, snuff, etc.)

3) Produce aggressive smokers:

Producing aggressive smokers is one of the most dangerous disadvantages, and it has to be

held in better ways, because when we forbid students from smoking in side the campus , they

might accept it as one of the regulations of the Kliuc but, on the other hand the purpose of

non-smoking campus will not fulfill the goal of producing less smokers , because eventually

the smoker when get a chance to smoke , he or she will smoke more cigarette in order to

compensate the time he or she spent without smoking , and will smoke aggressively and that

will harm the smoker even more, but if it was a smoking campus , then the smoker will divide

the time of smoking into the hours of the day , which of course is harmful as well but at least

is less harm and of course better chance to quit smoking habit.

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Possibilities of becoming Non-smoking campus:

1) Fine smokers who caught smoking

2) Suspend smokers

3) Providing smoking area

4) Putting sign

5) Seminar/ talk to help the smokers

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Proposal:

1) Providing smoking areas :

Designated Smoking Area:

Smoking is prohibited inside buildings and in most public areas of Kuala Lumpur

Infrastructure University College. Designated Smoking Areas are the few places relatively

close to the buildings in which smokers are permitted to smoke. Where necessary, additional

benches and ash/trash receptacles have been installed to make these areas more comfortable

for users. Signage that indicates the location of these Designated Smoking Areas will be

installed around the campus. (Source: http://www.health.qld.gov.au/atods/tobaccolaws)

Why are there Designated Smoking Areas?

Smoking and exposure to second-hand smoke is a public health concern. For this reason,

KLIUC has gradually expanded its smoke free environment across campus over the last few

years. KLIUC recognizes however, that tobacco is an addictive substance and that it is very

difficult for smokers to quit completely. Therefore, several Designated Smoking Areas

continue to be made available across campus. These will be reviewed and possibly reduced on

a yearly basis.

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Smoking is permitted within Designated Smoking Areas but is otherwise

Prohibited out-of-doors within the KLIUC campus, and Smoking shall be prohibited

within 25 feet of an entrance to any place (enclosed or unenclosed) within

which smoking is prohibited; provided, however, that this prohibition shall

not apply to any person who is temporarily in such area for the sole

purpose of walking or traversing through such area.

The following prescribed distances in respect of any KLIUC occupied building, structure.

University occupied place that is fully or substantially enclosed:

a) 6 metres from any doorway (including loading bay doors);

b) 6 metres (notably including vertical) or 2 storeys measured

vertically, whichever is greater, from any window unless clearly

being neither designed for nor capable of use for ventilation;

c) 6 metres (notably including vertical) from any air intake;

d) the posted limit, but if unposted then 6 meters, from any place that a

reasonable person would believe contains hazardous materials or

poses an explosive flammability risk; and

e) 6 metres in respect of any bus shelter located on lands controlled

and occupied by KLIUC.

To succeed in its goals KLIUC will:

a) Prohibit promotion and commercial dealings with tobacco and Smoking

Products.

b) Prohibit Smoking (which includes holding a lighted Smoking Product)

In enclosed spaces.

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c) Designate permitted Smoking areas to encourage people who smoke to

Do so in locations that reduce the exposure to passers-by; and

d) Establish non-smoking areas in other places where second hand and

Side stream smoke is unavoidable or difficult to avoid without imposition upon non-smokers.

Designated Smoking Areas are identified by the green signs. Designated Smoking Areas are

located across KLIUC Main Campus in the following locations:

1) At the Academic Block main entrance

2) Cafeteria

3) At Civil-Eng Department

4) Male and Female Hostel

5) Corporate building

6) Mechanicals workshop

7) Electrical workshop

(Source: http://www.google.com.my/search?

hl=en&q=SMOKING+AREA&btnG=Search&meta=)

Seen by some as a long overdue sign of respect but by others as a big step in the wrong

direction, designated smoking areas are a recent development at KLIUC. While the University

maintains a non-use policy in its student handbook, administrators attempt to be realistic

when it comes to carrying out those policies. “We still believe that the best policy is non-use.

That is why all of our buildings and all other campus areas are smoke free, [but] if we institute

a non-smoking policy everywhere on campus, the students will simply move off campus [to

smoke] near our neighbors and dangerous places.

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If there is no smoking area, the smokers faced with a total smoking ban gravitated to the

edges of campus, sometimes bothering those adjacent to the university or putting themselves

in peril along the roadways. We didn’t want students to be hurt or place themselves at risk.

Purpose of Designated Smoking Areas:

1) To reduce the exposure to passers-by and that meet or exceed no smoking buffer zones

established by applicable legislation.

2) To protect the public health, comfort and environment by prohibiting

smoking in all enclosed public areas, all places of employment, and in certain unenclosed

public areas, in order to ensure that nonsmokers may breathe air free from the hazardous

effects of secondhand smoke.

3) To maintain cleanliness of the campus from cigarettes waste.

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Conclusion:

In conclusion , promoting non-smoking campus might not help a lot of smokers to quit , but at

least will offer the non-smokers a better chance to live and to reveal the various methods of

consumption the primary health risks pertain to diseases of the cardiovascular system by the

vector of smoking, which overtime allows high quantities of carcinogens to deposit in the

mouth, throat, and lungs. Tobacco-related diseases are some of the biggest killers in the world

today and are cited as one of the biggest causes of premature death in industrialized countries.

In the United States some 500,000 deaths per year are attributed to smoking-related diseases

and a recent study estimated that as much as 1/3 of China's male population will have

significantly shortened life-spans due to smoking.

Many governments are trying to deter people from smoking with anti-smoking campaigns in

mass media stressing the harmful long-term effects of smoking. Passive smoking, or

secondhand smoking, which affects people in the immediate vicinity of smokers, is a major

reason for the enforcement of smoking bans. This is a law enforced to stop individuals

smoking in indoor public places, such as bars, pubs and restaurants. The idea behind this is to

discourage smoking by making it more inconvenient, and to stop harmful smoke being

present in enclosed public spaces. A common concern among legislators is to discourage

smoking among minors and many states have passed laws against selling tobacco products to

underage customers. Despite the emphasis of living a healthy lifestyle, many developing

countries have yet acknowledged that a change is needed. Anti-smoking campaigns and

further education are required to promote a safer environment and explain the negative effects

of ETS KLIUC.

The effects of addiction on society vary considerably between different substances that can be

smoked and the indirect social problems that they cause, in great part because of the

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differences in legislation and the enforcement of narcotics legislation around the world.

Though nicotine is a highly addictive drug, its effects on cognition are not as intense,

noticeable or debilitating as cannabis, cocaine, amphetamines or any of the opiates. As

tobacco is also not an illegal drug, there is no black market with high risks and high prices for

consumers.

We might be promoting a non-smoking campus in kliuc and to take our students to a better

level of life without smoking, but we can not stop this habit from spreading world wide , and

even in kliuc we might not stop it for a life time , it might be only during the study time, but

what about later on at homes, what about the streets , what about these scary statistics of

people who die from smoking.

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