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C 125 E/58 EN Official Journal of the European Union 27.5.

2003

COMMON POSITION (EC) No 26/2003

adopted by the Council on 17 March 2003


with a view to the adopting Decision No . . ./2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the
Council of . . . concerning the production and development of Community statistics on science and
technology

(2003/C 125 E/03)


(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE programme 1998 to 2002 (4), the statistical information
EUROPEAN UNION, system is to support the management of science and tech-
nology policies in the Community and the assessment of
R & D and innovation capability of regions for adminis-
tration of structural funds.
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European
Community, and in particular Article 285 thereof,

(5) In accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 of


Having regard to the proposal from the Commission (1), 17 February 1997 on Community statistics (5), those
statistics are to be governed by the principles of impar-
tiality, reliability, relevance, cost-effectiveness, statistical
confidentiality and transparency.
Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article
251 of the Treaty (2),

(6) In order to ensure usefulness and comparability of the data


and avoid overlap of work, the Community should take
Whereas: into account work carried out in cooperation with or
by the OECD and other international organisations
concerning science and technology statistics, especially as
regards the details of data to be provided by the Member
(1) There is a need for comparable statistics on research and
States.
development, technological innovation and science and
technology in general in order to support Community
policies.
(7) Community policy on science, technology and innovation
attaches particular importance to strengthening the
(2) Council Decision 94/78/EC, Euratom of 24 January 1994 scientific and technological basis of European businesses
establishing a multiannual programme for the devel- so as to enable them to be more innovative and
opment of Community statistics on research, development competitive on the international and regional level,
and innovation (3), highlighted the objectives of setting out realising the benefits of the information society and
a Community reference framework for statistics and promoting the transfer of technology, improving activities
of establishing a harmonised Community statistical in the domain of intellectual property rights and the devel-
information system in this field. opment of mobility of human resources, and promoting
equality between men and women in science.

(3) The final report for the programme period 1994 to 1997
emphasises that the work should be continued, that data (8) The principles of cost-effectiveness and relevance should
should be made available more rapidly, that the regional apply to data collection procedures for industry and
coverage should be extended and that the comparability of administrations, taking into account the necessary quality
the data must be increased. of the data and the burden on the respondents.

(4) In accordance with Council Decision 1999/126/EC of


22 December 1998 on the Community statistical (9) It is essential that developments in official statistics on
science and technology are coordinated to cater also for
the essential needs of national, regional and local admini-
(1) OJ C 332 E, 27.2.2001, p. 238. strations, international organisations, economic operators,
(2) Opinion of the European Parliament of 2 July 2002 (not yet professional associations and the general public.
published in the Official Journal), Council Common Position of
17 March 2003 and Decision of the European Parliament of . . .
(not yet published in the Official Journal). (4) OJ L 42, 16.6.1999, p. 1.
(3) OJ L 38, 9.2.1994, p. 30. (5) OJ L 52, 22.2.1997, p. 1.
27.5.2003 EN Official Journal of the European Union C 125 E/59

(10) Council Decision 1999/173/EC of 25 January 1999 on R & D activity in all sectors of performance and on the
adopting a specific programme for research, technological funding of R & D activity, including government budget
development and demonstration on improving the human appropriations for R & D, taking into account the
research potential and the socio-economic knowledge base regional dimension by producing whenever possible
(1998 to 2002) (1) and Decision 1513/2002/EC of the science and technology statistics based on NUTS classifi-
European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June cation,
2002 concerning the sixth framework programme of the
European Community for research, technological devel-
opment and demonstration activities, contributing to the
— Development of new statistical variables to be produced on
creation of the European research area and to innovation
a permanent basis that can provide more comprehensive
(2002 to 2006) (2) should be taken into account to avoid
information about science and technology, in particular for
overlap of work.
the measurement of the output of science and technology
activities, the dissemination of knowledge and more
(11) Council Resolution of 26 June 2001 on science and
generally the performance of innovation. This information
society and on women in science (3), welcoming the is needed for the formulation and assessment of science and
work of the Helsinki Group and inviting Member States technology policies in the increasingly knowledge-based
and the Commission to pursue efforts to promote women economies. The Community shall give priority, in
in science at national level should be taken into account, particular, to the following domains:
in particular as regards the collection of gender-disag-
gregated statistics in human resources in science and tech-
nology and the development of indicators in order to — Innovation (technological and non-technological),
monitor progress towards equality between men and
women in European research.
— human resources devoted to science and technology,
(12) The measures necessary for the implementation of this
Decision should be adopted in accordance with Council
Decision 1999/468/EC of 28 June 1999 laying down the — patents (patents statistics to be derived from the
procedures for the exercise of implementing powers databases of the national and European patent offices),
conferred on the Commission (4).

(13) The Statistical Programme Committee established by — high-technology statistics (identification and classifi-
Decision 89/382/EEC, Euratom (5) has been consulted in cation of products and services, measurement of
accordance with Article 3 of the aforesaid Decision. economic performance and contribution to economic
growth),

(14) The Scientific and Technological Research Committee


(Crest) has given its opinion, — gender-disaggregated statistics on science and tech-
nology,
HAVE ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

— Improvement and updating of existing standards and


Article 1 manuals on concepts and methods, with particular regard
to concepts in the service sector and coordinated methods
The objective of this Decision is to establish a Community for measurement of R & D activity. In addition, the
statistical information system on science, technology and inno- Community will intensify cooperation with the OECD
vation to support and monitor Community policies. and other international organisations with a view to
ensuring comparability of data and avoiding duplication
of efforts,
Article 2
The objective described in Article 1 shall be implemented by
individual statistical actions as follows: — Improvement of data quality, specifically comparability,
accuracy and timeliness,

— Delivery of statistics by the Member States on a regular


basis and within specified deadlines, in particular statistics — Improvement of the dissemination, accessibility and docu-
mentation of statistical information.
(1) OJ L 64, 12.3.1999, p. 105.
(2) OJ L 232, 29.8.2002, p. 1.
(3) OJ C 199, 14.7.2001, p. 1. Available capacities within the Member States for data
(4) OJ L 184, 17.7.1999, p. 23. collection and processing and development of methods and
(5) OJ L 181, 28.6.1989, p. 47. variables will be taken into account.
C 125 E/60 EN Official Journal of the European Union 27.5.2003

Article 3 This report shall consider, inter alia, the costs of the actions
and the burden on the respondents in relation to the benefits
The measures necessary for the implementation of this of the data availability and user satisfaction.
Decision shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory
procedure referred to in Article 4(2).
Following this report, the Commission may propose any
Article 4 measures to improve the operation of this Decision.

1. The Commission shall be assisted by the Statistical


Programme Committee established by Article 1 of Decision Article 6
89/382/EEC/Euratom.
This Decision shall enter into force on the 20th day following
2. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Articles 5 and that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European
7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to Union.
Article 8 thereof.
Article 7
The period laid down in Article 5(6) of Decision 1999/468/EC
shall be set at three months. This Decision is addressed to the Member States.

3. The Committee shall adopt its rules of procedure.

Article 5 Done at . . .

The Commission shall, within four years of the publication of


this Decision, and thereafter every three years, present a report For the European Parliament For the Council
to the European Parliament and the Council to evaluate the
implementation of the measures provided for in Article 2. The President The President
27.5.2003 EN Official Journal of the European Union C 125 E/61

STATEMENT OF THE COUNCIL'S REASONS

I. INTRODUCTION

On 27 August 2001 the Commission submitted the proposal (1) for a draft Decision of the European
Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of Community statistics on
science and technology.

The proposed Regulation is based on Article 285 of the EC Treaty, and on Article 251.

The European Parliament completed its first reading and on 2 July 2002 gave its Opinion (2).

On 7 October 2002 the Commission submitted a modified proposal (3), incorporating amendment 1, 2
and 4 of the European Parliament.

On 17 March 2003 the Council adopted its Common Position as set out in doc. 14089/02.

II. OBJECTIVE

The general objective of this draft European Parliament and Council Decision is to maintain and
improve the Community statistical information system on science, technology and innovation in
order to support and monitor Community policies.

III. ANALYSIS OF THE COMMON POSITION AS SET OUT IN DOC. 14089/02

1. General

In the Common Position the Council:

— incorporated all the amendments of the European Parliament except amendment number 3 on
cooperation and consultation with the Helsinki Group;

— amended some recitals, one to cater for the European Parliament amendment number 3, that the
Commission was unable to accept in the body of the Decision for legal reasons;

— changed the committee procedure to a regulatory procedure.

2. European Parliament amendments

The Council accepted all European Parliament's amendments, except amendment number 3.
Amendment number 2, on cooperation with OECD and other international organisations, was
accepted in substance, although the exact wording was not followed.

2.1. The following EP amendments have been accepted and integrated into the Council text (doc. 14089/02):

Amendment 1 — Article 2, 1st indent


This amendment states that data to be gathered and provided should be broken down by
region, relying upon the NUTS classification.

Amendment 4 — Article 5 paragraph 1


By this amendment the interval by which the Commission reports to the European Parliament
and to the Council on the implementation of this Decision has been shortened, both for the
initial report (now after four years since entry into force) and for the periodic reports (now
every three years).

(1) Doc. 11750/02 RECH 106 ATO 71 FIN 291 CODEC 865, COM(2001) 490 final.
(2) Doc. A5-0236/2002 of 18 June 2002.
(3) COM(2002) 554 final.
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2.2. The following EP amendments was introduced with modifications of the suggested wording:

Amendment 2 — Article 2, indent 2


This amendment has been slightly reworded to better focus on the purpose of the intensified
cooperation with the OECD and other international organisations, now stated as ‘with a view
to warranting comparability of data and avoiding duplication of efforts’. Also, the scope has
been extended beyond patents and high-technology statistics, as requested in the European
Parliament amendment.

3. New elements contained in the Common Position as compared with the Commission
proposal

Recital 5 — general principles


This new recital restates which general principles are to govern Community statistics.

Recital 6 (formerly Recital 5) — scope of the cooperation with inter-


national organisations
This modified recital is a complement to Article 2, 2nd indent on cooperation with OECD and other
international organisations.

Recital 10 (formerly Recital 9)

The need to take into account also the 6th Framework Programme for Research, to avoid overlap,
has been added to this Recital.

Recital 11 (formerly Recital 10)


This recital welcomes explicitely the work of the Helsinki Group, adding that gender-specific data
should be gathered to monitor progress in equal opportunity policy implementation. This is fully in
line with the intention of amendment number 3 of the European Parliament, which the Commission
was unable to accept, essentially for legal reasons. The recital maintains the importance of the
Helsinki Group and underlines the intentions of continued cooperation with the group, which was
also considered important by the Commission.

Recital 12 (formerly Recital 11)

This recital has been reworded according to the amendment to Article 4 (committee procedure
changed from management to regulatory).

Article 2

This Article was reworded to clarify the nature and the purpose of the statistical data to be gathered
and to indicate that use would be made of Member States resources for data collection, processing
and development, if available.

Article 4
This Article was amended to modify the committee procedure from management to regulatory.

4. Conclusion

The Common Position, which has been adopted by the Council, amends the draft Decision as
recommended by the European Parliament and clarifies further the text of the Commission
proposal. It should thus provide a sound basis for gathering statistical data which will be
extremely useful in monitoring Community policies in the area of science, technology and inno-
vation.