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Chapter 4 Practice Quiz

Modified True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the
sentence or statement true.

____ 1. Work is done when the force and the displacement are in the same direction. _________________________
____ 2. More work is done to lift a 2.00-kg object a distance of 1.00 m at a constant velocity than to push a 1.00-kg
block a distance of 1.00 m with a force of 19.6 N. ______________________________
____ 3. Kinetic energy is a vector quantity. _________________________
____ 4. To raise a 2.3-kg mass from its resting place on a table, more work is done by lifting it diagonally than lifting
it straight up. ___________________________________
____ 5. A car speeds up as it descends a hill, gaining gravitational potential energy. _________________________
____ 6. A group of three balls at the top of three different frictionless ramps drop the same vertical distance with the
same final speed regardless of the shape of the ramp. _________________________

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 7. Which of the following is not a unit of energy?


a. J d. W⋅ s
b. e.
c. N⋅ m
____ 8. A farmhand does 972 J of work pulling an empty hay wagon along level ground with a force of 310 N [23°
below the horizontal]. A frictional force of 280 N opposes the motion. The distance the wagon travels is
a. 0.39 m d. 32 m
b. 1.7 m e. 1.8 × 102 m
c. 3.4 m
____ 9. In which situation is work not done?
a. a frozen turkey is carried upstairs
b. a frozen turkey is carried on level ground
c. a frozen turkey is dropped
d. a frozen turkey is carried downstairs
e. a frozen turkey is fired from a cannon
____ 10. A student in a lab exerts a 25 N force to pull a block a distance of 48 cm. If a total of 11 J of work is done, the
angle between the force and the displacement is
a. 89° d. 24°
b. 66° e. none of the above
c. 61°
____ 11. When an object doubles its speed, the kinetic energy increases by a factor of
a. 1 d. 6
b. 2 e. 8
c. 4
____ 12. A car slows down as it descends a hill. Which of the following is true?
a. the gravitational potential energy decreases
b. the kinetic energy increases
c. heat is produced by friction
d. two of A, B, and C are correct
e. all of A, B, and C are correct
____ 13. A cyclist reaches the bottom of a hill with a speed of 18 m/s. Neglecting air resistance and other friction, to
what maximum height can they coast up the hill without pedalling?
a. 17 m d. 20 m
b. 18 m e. 21 m
c. 19 m
____ 14. A 1.30-kg pendulum bob is pulled to the side, raising it 19.0 cm above its rest position. After it is released, the
maximum speed will be
a. 0.616 m/s d. 6.16 m/s
b. 1.93 m/s e. 37.2 m/s
c. 3.72 m/s
____ 15. In the picture of a roller coaster track shown below, the point where the roller coaster car would be travelling
the fastest, under negligible friction is
a. A d. D
b. B e. E
c. C
____ 16. In the picture of a roller coaster track shown below, the point where the roller coaster car would be travelling
the slowest under negligible friction is
a. A d. D
b. B e. E
c. C
____ 17. A student exerts a force of 12 N to compress a spring 2.54 cm. The force constant for the spring is
a. 0.30 N/m d. 31 N/m
b. 4.7 N/m e. 4.7 × 102 N/m
c. 15 N/m
____ 18. A spring with a force constant of 2.1 × 104 N/m compresses 3.5 cm when stepped on by a boxer. The mass of
the boxer is
a. 65 kg d. 82 kg
b. 73 kg e. 740 kg
c. 75 kg
____ 19. A spring with force constant 87 N/m is set into simple harmonic motion when a 350-g mass is attached to it.
The period is
a. 0.40 s d. 25 s
b. 3.1 s e. 99 s
c. 13 s
____ 20. During an experiment carried out by an astronaut on the Moon (g = 1.6 N/kg), a 1.4-kg mass is dropped onto
a spring with a force constant of 49 N/m. The maximum compression in the spring is
a. 0.28 m d. 4.8 m
b. 0.48 m e. not enough information
c. 3.6 m

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.

21. No work is done when the angle between the force and the displacement is ____________________.
22. Friction causes kinetic energy to transform into ____________________ energy.

Short Answer

23. A cannon ball is fired with a speed of 88 m/s from the top of a cliff. It strikes the plain below with a speed of
91 m/s. If we neglect air friction, how high is the cliff?
24. A small spring with a force constant of 83 N/m is held vertically and then stretched 18 cm. A 1.8-kg mass is
attached to it and then released. Calculate the acceleration of the mass at the moment of release.
25. Should car bumpers act as an ideal spring?

Problem

26. A 0.20 kg mass is hung from a vertical spring of force constant 55N/m. When the spring is released from
its unstretched equilibrium position, the mass is allowed to fall. Use the conservation of energy to
determine:
a) the speed of the mass after it falls 1.5cm.

b) the distance the mass will fall before reversing direction


Chapter 4 Practice Quiz
Answer Section

MODIFIED TRUE/FALSE

1. ANS: T REF: K/U OBJ: 4.1


LOC: EM1.01
2. ANS: F, The same amount of work is done

REF: K/U OBJ: 4.1 LOC: EM1.01


3. ANS: F, scalar

REF: C OBJ: 4.2 LOC: EM1.01


4. ANS: F, the same amount of work is done

REF: K/U OBJ: 4.3 LOC: EM1.01


5. ANS: F, losing

REF: K/U OBJ: 4.3 LOC: EM1.01


6. ANS: T REF: K/U OBJ: 4.4
LOC: EM1.03

MULTIPLE CHOICE

7. ANS: E REF: K/U OBJ: 4.1 LOC: EM1.01


8. ANS: C REF: K/U OBJ: 4.1 LOC: EM1.01
9. ANS: B REF: K/U OBJ: 4.1 LOC: EM1.01
10. ANS: D REF: K/U OBJ: 4.1 LOC: EM1.01
11. ANS: C REF: K/U OBJ: 4.2 LOC: EM1.05
12. ANS: D REF: K/U OBJ: 4.2, 4.3 LOC: EM1.01
13. ANS: A REF: K/U OBJ: 4.4 LOC: EM1.03
14. ANS: B REF: K/U OBJ: 4.4 LOC: EM1.03
15. ANS: C REF: K/U OBJ: 4.4 LOC: EM1.03
16. ANS: A REF: K/U OBJ: 4.4 LOC: EM1.03
17. ANS: E REF: K/U OBJ: 4.5 LOC: EM1.08
18. ANS: C REF: K/U OBJ: 4.5 LOC: EM1.08
19. ANS: A REF: K/U OBJ: 4.5 LOC: EM1.01
20. ANS: E REF: K/U OBJ: 4.5 LOC: EM1.08

COMPLETION

21. ANS: 90°

REF: K/U OBJ: 4.1 LOC: EM1.01


22. ANS: thermal

REF: C OBJ: 4.4 LOC: EM1.01

SHORT ANSWER

23. ANS:
The cliff is 27 m high.

REF: K/U OBJ: 4.4 LOC: EM1.03


24. ANS:

The acceleration of the mass is 1.5 m/s2 [down].

REF: K/U OBJ: 4.5 LOC: EM1.08


25. ANS:
No they should not. If a car bumper acts as an ideal spring, after bringing the car to rest, it would accelerate it
back to its original speed in the opposite direction, which would be very dangerous.

REF: MC OBJ: 4.5 LOC: EM3.01

26. Refer to taking up….