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C 137 E/36 Official Journal of the European Union EN 12.6.


(2003/C 137 E/040) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1907/02

by Glenys Kinnock (PSE) to the Commission

(2 July 2002)

Subject: Immigration

Would the Commission consider that the recently enacted legislation relating to immigration in Denmark
is in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights, particularly in respect of Article 12 and
Article 14 of the Convention?

Answer given by Mr Vitorino on behalf of the Commission

(5 August 2002)

Although it is the duty of the Commission to ensure observance of fundamental rights in the field of
Community law, it has no power to examine the compatibility with the European Convention on Human
Rights of national legislation lying outside the scope ot Community law. This is derived from the case law
of the Court of Justice (Demirel, Warauf and ERT) and Article 51 of the Charter of fundamental rights of
the European Union.

In the field of immigration, there is yet no Community provision in place based on Article 63 of the EC
Treaty. Furthermore, on the basis of its protocol to the Amsterdam Treaty, Denmark has opted out the
application of Article 63 of the EC Treaty.

In the field of free movement of Union citizens and their family members who are third country nationals,
the provisions of the new Danish legislation on immigration do not apply.

(2003/C 137 E/041) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1916/02

by Dorette Corbey (PSE) to the Commission

(2 July 2002)

Subject: Introduction of the euro

According to Eurobarometer 56, close to half the EU population thinks that the euro is pushing up
consumer goods prices. According to a survey by the Netherlands’ Consumers’ Association, compact disc
prices rose by 7,2 % between March 2001 and March 2002. In the same period, set-meal prices in
restaurants increased by 6,2 %, on average, and by as much as 8,8 % in cafes. The euro was supposed to
result in greater transparency and an end to exchange costs and thus lower prices. When the summer
holidays came, people were supposed to discover the benefits of the euro abroad, since money no longer
needs to be changed in the euro zone. Now that the introduction of the euro has resulted in large price
rises, those benefits have vanished. At the same time, some old banknotes have not been returned,
representing a profit for national banks and hence for national exchequers.

1. Can the Commission say to what extent inflation has risen in EU countries as a result of the
introduction of the euro?

2. In what sectors and/or Member States have prices risen more than by the average rate of inflation?

3. Does the Commission acknowledge that it has a political responsibility to deliver on the pledge made
to consumers and make sure that the euro finally benefits them?

4. What scope does the Commission see to flesh out that political responsibility? For instance, would
the Commission support consumers’ associations selectively campaigning against euro-related price rises
and/or would it cooperate on ‘naming and shaming’ strategies?
12.6.2003 EN Official Journal of the European Union C 137 E/37

Answer given by Mr Solbes Mira on behalf of the Commission

(23 September 2002)

There is no statistical evidence that the euro changeover has caused a generalised price hike in any of the
euro area countries.

Eurostat issued a recent press releases in July 2002 that analyses trends in prices over the last few months
and addresses the euro changeover related issues. Results take into account a wide variety of sectors of the
economy so as to cover the entire economy (1).

Inflation in the euro area peaked in May 2001 (3,3 % annual increase of the harmonised indices of
consumer prices (HICP)) and has not since reached comparable levels. During the changeover period it is
possible to observe an increase from an annual growth rate of 2 % in December 2001 to an annual rate of
2,7 % in January 2002. These increases can be traced to the hike in oil prices and prices of fresh fruit and
vegetables. In fact inflation has followed a similar trend (from 1,9 % to 2,5 % annually) in the Union,
thereby including the three countries not part of the euro area. In particular, from December 2001 to
January 2002, yearly inflation increased from 2,1 % to 2,5 % in Denmark and from 1 % to 1,6 % in the
United Kingdom. During this period, inflation decreased in Portugal and in the Netherlands. Italy saw only
a minor increase in inflation from 2,2 % to 2,4 % (2).

Inflation, in the euro area, has since then been characterised by a descending trend. It reached 1,8 % in the
euro area in June 2002.

The average rate of change in the euro-zone HICP between the first six months of 2002 and the last six
months of 2001 was 1,4 %. This rate was the same as the six-month rate ending in June 2001 and close to
the corresponding rates to June and December 2000.

The largest part of the price increases over this period can for most item groups -according to Eurostat’s
analysis  be explained by a normal inflation pattern and by some special non-euro factors; in particular
bad weather affecting fruit and vegetable prices, car and energy prices, and some significant tax increases
on tobacco (3). These factors can explain as much as 1,2 rate points out of the total of 1,4 %.
The contribution to the 1,4 % total of the changeover to euro banknotes and coins most likely falls within
the range of 0,0 % to 0,2 % (4).

Nonetheless, it is clear that some sectors of the economy have seen a more pronounced increase in prices.
Apart from food, some services, mainly hotels and restaurants, some health-related services and some
repair services registered strong price increases. It is possible that due to the particularly sensitive nature of
categories where prices have indeed risen, the effect on public opinion may be higher. This may explain
why there is a general perception that prices have risen following the introduction of the euro banknotes
and coins.

However, it should be remembered that the fundamental medium to long run anticipated effect of the
physical introduction of euro banknote and coins is to improve the competitive environment across the
euro area, and thus ultimately to raise economic efficiency as well as have a downward impact on
consumer prices.

(1) The press release No 84/2002 issue on 17 July 2002 may be found at the following internet address: http://
(2) Eurostat.
(3) The alcohol and tobacco goods registered a 2 % quarterly inflation q/q in 2002Q1.
(4) This range is slightly higher than the 0,0 % to 0,16 % range estimated for the month-on-month change between
December 2001 and January 2002 and the quarter-on-quarter change between the last quarter of 2001 and the first
quarter of 2002, as first published by Eurostat in February and May 2002.