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12.6.

2003 EN Official Journal of the European Union C 137 E/187

(2003/C 137 E/211) WRITTEN QUESTION P-3289/02


by Mario Borghezio (NI) to the Commission
(14 November 2002)

Subject: Saving the André Breton and Surrealism archives from auction sale

It has been officially announced that the vast collection of artworks, paintings, books and photographs, as
well as all the archives of the surrealist movement, kept in André Breton’s house (42 rue Fontaine, Paris)
since his death in 1966, are to be sold at an auction in April 2003 at the Hôtel Drouot, in Paris.

It would be extremely regrettable if this very important cultural treasure were to be dismembered through
a public sale.

Does the Commission not consider that this quite outstanding, and indeed unique, collection of surrealist
art should be kept together and remain open to researchers and the general public, given its importance in
documenting 20th-century European culture?

Answer given by Mrs Reding on behalf of the Commission


(9 December 2002)

While the Commission shares the opinion of the Honourable Member, it must be pointed out that there is
no legal basis at Community level for an action such as the one referred to in the issue raised.

Article 151 of the EC Treaty lays down that it is within the scope of the Community to:
 encourage cultural cooperation between Member States;
 support and supplement (with financial backing if necessary) the action of the Member States in the
following areas:
(a) improvement of the knowledge and dissemination of the culture and history of the European
peoples;
(b) conservation and safeguarding of cultural heritage of European significance;
(c) non-commercial cultural exchanges;
(d) artistic and literary creation, including in the audiovisual sector.

Consequently, the issue raised by the Honourable Member is a matter for the Member State and not for the
Community.

(2003/C 137 E/212) WRITTEN QUESTION E-3292/02


by Christos Folias (PPE-DE) to the Commission
(20 November 2002)

Subject: Imported used cars in Greece

It is known that Greece was condemned by the European Court of Justice (Case 375/95) on the grounds
that, by imposing a special duty by category on imported used passenger vehicles meeting the
requirements of Directive 94/12/EC (1), Greek legislation was infringing Community law. To date, Greece
has not yet complied with the Court’s judgment.

What steps should the Commission have taken to enforce the above ruling? Why has the Commission not
yet taken the necessary measures or initiated the relevant established proceeding applicable here?

When will Article 228(2) of the Treaty be implemented?

(1) OJ L 100, 19.4.1994, p. 42.