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III

115TH CONGRESS
1ST SESSION
S. RES. 245
Calling on the Government of Iran to release unjustly detained United States
citizens and legal permanent resident aliens, and for other purposes.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES


AUGUST 3, 2017
Mr. CRUZ (for himself, Mr. LEAHY, Mr. BOOKER, Mr. MENENDEZ, Mr.
YOUNG, Mr. GARDNER, Mr. COTTON, Mr. RUBIO, Mr. PERDUE, and Mr.
NELSON) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the
Committee on Foreign Relations

OCTOBER 16, 2017


Reported by Mr. CORKER, without amendment

OCTOBER 31, 2017


Considered and agreed to

RESOLUTION
Calling on the Government of Iran to release unjustly de-
tained United States citizens and legal permanent resi-
dent aliens, and for other purposes.

Whereas the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) of


Iran has taken as hostages several United States citizens,
including Siamak Namazi, Baquer Namazi, and Xiyue
Wang, as well as United States legal permanent resident
alien Nizar Zakka;
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Whereas Siamak Namazi was detained on October 15, 2015,


falsely accused and convicted on October 18, 2016, for

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‘‘collaborating with a hostile government,’’ and has been
held for extended periods in solitary confinement and
subjected to prolonged interrogation;
Whereas former United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
official Baquer Namazi, the 80-year-old father of Siamak
Namazi, was detained on February 22, 2016, falsely
charged and sentenced to 10 years in prison for the iden-
tical crime as his son;
Whereas former Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon urged authorities in Iran to release Baquer
Namazi, whose health is deteriorating, so his family can
care for him;
Whereas UNICEF has issued 4 public statements on Baquer
Namazi’s behalf;
Whereas Xiyue Wang, a graduate student at Princeton Uni-
versity, was arrested in Iran on or about August 7, 2016,
while studying Farsi and researching the late Qajar dy-
nasty as background for his doctoral dissertation, de-
tained by Iran in Evin prison for almost a year, falsely
charged with espionage, and sentenced to 10 years in
prison;
Whereas Robert Levinson, a United States citizen and retired
agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, traveled to
Kish Island, Iran, and disappeared on March 9, 2007;
Whereas, according to former White House Press Secretary
Josh Earnest, the United States Government had ‘‘se-
cured a commitment from the Iranians . . . to try and
gather information about Mr. Levinson’s possible where-
abouts’’ but has not received any information thus far;
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Whereas Nizar Zakka, a United States legal permanent resi-


dent alien and Lebanese national, who is also in poor
SRES 245 ATS

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health, was unlawfully detained around September 18,
2015, after speaking at a conference in Iran at the invi-
tation of Iran, and was later falsely charged with being
a spy and sentenced to 10 years at the Evin prison in
Iran;
Whereas, on April 13, 2017, the United States Department
of the Treasury sanctioned the Tehran Prisons Organiza-
tion and its former head, Sohrab Soleimani, and former
White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer noted that
‘‘[t]he sanctions against human rights abusers in Iran’s
prisons come at a time when Iran continues to unjustly
detain in its prisons various foreigners, including U.S.
citizens Siamak Namazi and Baquer Namazi’’;
Whereas, on April 25, 2017, at the meeting of the Joint
Commission overseeing implementation of the Joint Com-
prehensive Plan of Action, the Department of State re-
ported that the United States delegation had ‘‘raised with
the Iranian delegation its serious concerns regarding the
cases of U.S. citizens detained and missing in Iran, and
called on Iran to immediately release these U.S. citizens
so they can be reunited with their families’’; and
Whereas reports indicate that the Government of Iran has
sought to condition the release of imprisoned nationals
and dual-nationals on receipt of economic or political con-
cessions, a practice banned by the International Conven-
tion Against the Taking of Hostages, adopted by the
General Assembly of the United Nations on December
17, 1979, and acceded to by the Government of Iran on
November 20, 2006, and other international legal norms:
Now, therefore, be it
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1 Resolved, That the Senate—

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1 (1) calls on the Government of Iran to release
2 Siamak Namazi, Baquer Namazi, Xiyue Wang,
3 Nizar Zakka, and any other United States citizen,
4 legal permanent resident alien, or foreign national
5 being unjustly detained in Iran;
6 (2) urges the President to make the release of
7 United States citizens and legal permanent resident
8 aliens held hostage by the Government of Iran the
9 highest of priorities;
10 (3) requests that the United States and its al-
11 lies whose nationals and residents have been de-
12 tained consider establishing a multinational task
13 force to work to secure the release of the detainees;
14 (4) urges the Government of Iran to take mean-
15 ingful steps toward fulfilling its repeated promises to
16 assist in locating and returning Robert Levinson, in-
17 cluding immediately providing all available informa-
18 tion from all entities of the Government of Iran re-
19 garding the disappearance of Robert Levinson to the
20 United States Government;
21 (5) urges the President to take whatever steps
22 are in the national interest to secure the release of
23 Siamak Namazi, Baquer Namazi, Xiyue Wang,
24 Nizar Zakka, and any other United States citizen,
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1 legal permanent resident alien, or foreign national
2 being unjustly detained in Iran; and
3 (6) urges the President to take whatever steps
4 are in the national interest to determine the where-
5 abouts and secure the return of Robert Levinson.
Æ
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