PRODUCTION/OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT – 2ND SEMESTER 1) Blank 2) The concept of strategy has been borrowed from the military

and adopted for use in business – TRUE / FALSE 3) Need for change in layout can occur due to following reason a) introduction of new product b) improve customer relations c) increase labour efficiency d) improve quality 4) The length of ----- for MPS is determined by calculating largest cumulative lead time for the finished product and possibly adding a period of time to give the purchasing dept. visibility over future requirements so that they are able to take advantage of bulk purchasing discounts. a) Planning Horizon b) Time Force c) Supply Chain d) Critical Path 5) ----- is expressed as total number of units needed. a) Demand b) Supply c) Capacity d) Mission 6) The process of changing inputs into outputs thereby adding some value to entity can be defined as a) Operation b) Production c) Conversion d) Manufacturing 7) The three types of ‘fats’ are a) Inventory fat b) Labour fat c) Capacity fat d) Profitline fat 8) FW Taylor devised a system for classifying motions into basic divisions called therbligs. – TRUE / FALSE 9) The concept of “Annualized Hours [AH]” was used exclusively in Japan – TRUE / FALSE 10) Diversified labour is adequately available in rural area compared to urban area – TRUE / FALSE. 11) Which are the advantages of suburban location? a) Availability of adequate land at lower cost b) Both skilled and unskilled labour can be available

c) Availability of excellent transportation and communication facilities d) Plant expansion is easier due to less or no restriction for building and construction 12) ------ is expressed as the total number of units per time period that can be produced a) Capacity b) Demand c) Capacity Plan d) Master Production Schedule 13) Match the following : Fixed position layout / Product layout / process layout / Combined layout Page No 108 14) The design of any layout is governed by large number of factors and the best layout is expected to ----- all these factors a) Optimise b) Consider c) Maximize d) identify 15) The specific interim or ultimate time based measurements to be achieved by implementing strategies in pursuit of company’s objectives are referred to as a) Missions b) Objectives c) Values d) Goals 16) ----- is a well known procedure to formulate manufacturing strategies a) SWOT Analysis b) Hill Methodology c) Feedback process control d) Corporate strategy 17) Manufacturing strategy is an important step towards competitiveness – TRUE /FALSE 18) Under SWOT Analysis, Finances-Resources-performance are examples of ----a) Opportunities b) Threats c) Strengths d) Strengths and weaknesses 19) The ratio of output to input of a production system is commonly known as a) Productivity b) Effectiveness c) Production Norm d) Utilization 20) A good layout makes effective use of space. Utilization of space for a department like stores can be measured by a) Area used for storage

b) Ratio of area utilized to area available c) Proportion of cubic volume space utilized d) No such measure in use 21) Plant layout decisions are considered to be a) Strategic b) Tactical c) Operational d) Perpetual 22) The Balance Score Card [BSC] was developed in early 90s by a) Kaplan and Norton b) Pralahad and Hamel c) Michael Porter d) George Steiner 23) REL chart exhibits relationship between ---- of departments in terms of degree of closeness desired. a) Pairs b) Types c) Sizes d) Areas 24) For the organization, Strengths and weaknesses under SWOT analysis should be a) Identical b) Different c) External d) internal 25) Under Linear decision rule, two linear equations can be derived from ---- equation a) Quadratic b) Simultaneous c) Trigonometric d) Differential 26) The ---- analysis emphasizes building competencies, resources and decision making into a firm such that it continues to thrive in changing environment a) Internal b) Logical c) External d) Mathematical 27) In Cellular layout the facilities are grouped together in cell which are able to perform -----type of operation for a group of products a) Similar b) Different c) Special d) All

28) Site selection should also take into account topography & soil structure of the land – TRUE / FALSE 29) The current issues under manufacturing strategy are a) Low Cost Countries [LCCs] b) Outsourcing manufacturing c) Mass customization d) VED Analysis 30) The goals as a key step towards a strategic plan, should be a) Quantifiable b) Consistent c) Realistic d) Imaginary 31) Which utilities are considered as infrastructural requirements ? a) Disposal of waste b) Power c) Labour d) Water 32) Match the following : Proximity to market / Industrial & labour attitude / Legislation & taxation / Community facilities 33) Plant layout is concerned with optimum arrangement of the following a) Storage space b) Machines c) Material Handling equipment d) Sequence of operation 34) Labour turnover ratio is higher in case of rural areas compared to urban area – TRUE /FALSE 35) The most typical causes of innovations that shift competitive advantage are as follows a) New technologies and quality practices b) New or shifting buyer needs c) Emergence of new industry segment d) Value-added-manufacturing 36) The two stages of aggregate planning are firstly to add together all productive outputs to arrive at total level of production and secondly to predict or forecast fluctuations in this output – TRUE / FALSE. 37) Comprehensive business strategy consists of corporate objectives – TRUE /FALSE 38) Following are some of the principles of Management advocated by F W Taylor a) Selection of best worker for each particular task b) Division of work between worker and management c) Training and development of workmen d) Worker empowerment

39) Major contributors in the development of control charts, sampling plan are a) F H Dodge b) H G Roming c) Walter Schewhart d) L H C Tippet 40) ------ is a term that refers to a complex web of thoughts, ideas, insights, experiences, goals, expertise, memories, perceptions and expectations that provides general guidance for specific actions in pursuit of particular ends. a) Strategy b) Decision Making c) Planning d) Staffing 41) Taxes /duties levied is one of the important determinant for location decision as taxes/duties substantially influence a) Customer preference b) Order Procurement c) Delivery time d) Product cost 42) Which of the following are examples of pure materials ? a) Bakeries b) Ice factories c) Woolen d) Limestone 43) Complexity and difficulty of planning is influenced by types of layout – TRUE / FALSE 44) The element governing operation of business and its contacts and relationships with society at large, customer, suppliers, employees, local community and other stake holders, is termed as a) Objectives b) Goal c) Mission d) Values 45) Travel chart represents quantitative data on material flow by recording distance and ----- of movements between different pair of departments a) Frequency b) Time c) Types d) Speed 46) High ROA indicates that the profit margin is a) Low b) High c) Zero d) Negative

47) The SWOT analysis is used to identify strategies by taking following measures a) Building on strengths b) Resolving weaknesses c) Exploiting opportunities and avoiding threats d) Optimizing process performance 48) Technique of value engineering can be effectively employed in design of a product to a) to meet the intended function at lowest cost b) Increase resource utilization c) Reduce lead time d) Reduce process rejections THE END