LX

User Manual, Rev. R

SeeGull® LX High-Speed Scanning Receiver User Manual

Single Receiver Protocols and Bands Supported:
GSM 850MHz GSM 900 MHz GSM 1800 MHz GSM 1900 MHz GSM Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz GSM Dual-Band 900/1800 MHz UMTS WCDMA 2100 MHz UMTS WCDMA 1900 MHz UMTS WCDMA 850 MHz UMTS WCDMA 1800 MHz UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz
Document Number: 100004-00 Rev. R RoHS Compliance for European Models

Dual Receiver Protocols and Bands Supported:
Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA 900/1800/2100 MHz Dual-Band GSM/WCDMA 850/1900 MHz Dual-Band WCDMA 2100/1900 MHz WCDMA 2100 MHz PLUS Dual-Mode cdma2000 EV-DO 850/1900 MHz Dual-Mode cdma2000 EV-DO 450 MHz

cdma2000 850 MHz cdma2000 1900 MHz cdma2000 450 MHz cdma2000 Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz cdma2000 Japan 850/2100 MHz EV-DO 850 MHz EV-DO 1900 MHz EV-DO Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz EV-DO 450 MHz

PCTEL, RF Solutions Group

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Rev. R

Table of Contents
Preface..................................................................................................................................................... iv Purpose ............................................................................................................................................... iv Applicability.......................................................................................................................................... iv References ........................................................................................................................................... v Trademarks .......................................................................................................................................... v Notices and Warranty Information........................................................................................................ v Restrictions.......................................................................................................................................... vi 1. Overview and System Requirements .................................................................................................. 7 General Description.............................................................................................................................. 7 Initial Inspection.................................................................................................................................... 8 Options ................................................................................................................................................. 8 System Requirements ........................................................................................................................ 11 Software Requirements...................................................................................................................... 12 2. Installation.......................................................................................................................................... 13 Integration........................................................................................................................................... 13 DBS Option Installation ...................................................................................................................... 14 3. Operation ........................................................................................................................................... 15 Calibration .......................................................................................................................................... 15 Software Upgrades............................................................................................................................. 15 Operation: Controlling the Scanner and Acquiring Data ................................................................... 15 cdma2000/EV-DO use of GPS........................................................................................................... 15 HoldOver Option Operation................................................................................................................ 15 4. DBS Operation.................................................................................................................................... 16 5. Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................................. 19 6. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)................................................................................................... 22 7. Support .............................................................................................................................................. 29 Contact Information ............................................................................................................................ 29 Calibration Notice ............................................................................................................................... 29 Procedure for Returning a SeeGull® LX for Repair: ........................................................................... 30 8. PCTEL, RF Solutions Group’s Product Offering................................................................................ 31

PCTEL, RF Solutions Group

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Rev. R

RF Solutions Group iv . demodulate RF signals and analyze wireless market data. The SeeGull® LX receiver is a software-defined receiver. and measurement features. 900/1800 UMTS WCDMA 2100. It is available along with other documentation that describes PCTEL’s other products and related applications. perform tower site surveys. 900. The SeeGull® LX receiver is capable of supporting multiple protocols and frequency ranges as listed below. 1900 and 850 cdma2000 Dual-Band 850/1900 cdma2000 Japan 850/2100 Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA 900/1800/2100 Dual Mode GSM/WCDMA 850/1900 EV-DO 1900. 850 and 450 EV-DO Dual-Band 850/1900 Dual Mode cdma2000/EV-DO 850/1900 Dual Mode cdma2000/EV-DO 450 The SeeGull® LX receivers have these features: GSM Fast Scanning Speed BCCH Decoding Option BSIC Decoding Option C/I (Co-Channel Interference) Measurements Spectrum Analyzer Scan Distance Based Sampling Option RSSI Channel Scan RSSI Frequency Scan Concurrent Measurements Built-in GPS Option WCDMA Fast Scanning Speed Distance Based Sampling Option Time Slot Scan Pilot Scan PSCH & SSCH Scans Top N Scan RSSI Channel Scan RSSI Frequency Scan Signal to Interference Ratio (SIR) Measurements Multiple Concurrent Frequency Scans Spectrum Analyzer Scan Rake Finger cdma2000 Fast Scanning Speed Spectrum Analyzer Scan Pilot Zoom Scan Pilot Scan PCH w/Pilot List Scan PCH w/Top N Scan Pilot Detail Scan Distance Based Sampling Option RSSI Channel Scan Rev. bandwidth. provide base station monitoring. The SeeGull® and SeeGull® DX receivers are described in other manuals. SeeGull® LX scanning receivers will support the following Second and Third Generation (3G) protocols: GSM 850. 850/1900 GSM Dual-Band. 1800 and 1900 GSM Dual-Band. Applicability This manual covers PCTEL’s SeeGull® LX receivers. providing our customers with numerous advantages from the receivers’ flexibility and upgradeability.SeeGull® LX Manual: Preface Preface Purpose This document is a user’s manual for the SeeGull® LX high-speed. The differences between the various LX models concern the operating frequency range. 1800 and 1900 UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 850/1900 MHz UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 2100/1900 MHz cdma2000 450. The SeeGull® LX receivers are used globally to optimize wireless network performance via drive test and measurement. demodulating scanning receiver. modulation type. R PCTEL. For more information please contact your sales or marketing representative (contact information provided in section 7).

PCTEL SeeGull LX Scanners being delivered to participating European nations will be compliant to EU Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS). This program applies to our SeeGull LX WCDMA 2100 and GSM 900/1800 units. WARNING: These devices have no protection against lightning. 3. ® For more information please visit www.com. RF Solutions Group’s Terms & Conditions of Sale CLARIFY logo and the PCTEL logo are trademarks of PCTEL. EV-DO. CLARIFY . and GSM 850/1900. Please turn off the receiver during a thunderstorm and. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. InSite . the PCTEL. take the antenna inside the car before a thunderstorm approaches. and click on the RF Solutions Group link. using the same product names and part numbers and providing the same features and performance using the same interface (eICD and API). including CDMA. if applicable. RF Solutions Group v Rev. Other SeeGull LX scanners will not be affected at this time.pctel. Specifications are subject to change without notice. document number 121028-01M. document number 120008-00M. PCTEL assumes no responsibility or makes no warranties for any errors that may appear in this document and disclaims any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. ® ® ® PCTEL. RoHS Compliance: Effective July 2006. The RoHS scanners are designed to preserve the functionality of the existing LX scanners and to provide seamless continuity for you in order to integrate them into your drive test systems. SeeGull® LX Enhanced Interface Control Document (eICD).SeeGull® LX Manual: Preface RSSI Frequency Scan Top N Pilot Scan Multi-Frequency PN Scans HoldOver Option Synch Ch Timing Option Code Domain Option Built-in GPS EV-DO Fast Scanning Speed Spectrum Analyzer Scan Pilot Zoom Scan Pilot Scan RSSI Channel Scan RSSI Frequency Scan Top N Pilot Scan Multi-Frequency PN Scans HoldOver Option Built-in GPS cdma2000 Japan Fast Scanning Speed Pilot Zoom Scan Pilot Scan RSSI Channel Scan Top N Pilot Scan Multi-Frequency PN Scans HoldOver Option Synch Ch Timing Option Built-in GPS References 1. The pertinent details are listed below: The product is essentially unchanged. Notices and Warranty Information The information in this document is subject to change without notice and should not be construed as commitment by PCTEL. SeeGull . The SeeGull® LX Applications Programming Interface (API) Specification. 4. PCTEL. Trademarks © 2005 PCTEL. SeeGull® LX Scanner DBS Application Note. NOTICE: There are no user serviceable parts inside the receivers. 2. Inc. R . All rights reserved. Inc. including our multimode configurations (Tri-Band) along with accessories (cables and antennas). document number 12100001M. WCDMA 1800.

Single scanners that are upgraded to dual mode or tri-band configurations will have special treatment: If the scanner is RoHS compliant. PCTEL. MD 20876 USA Phone: +1 (301) 515-0036 Fax: +1 (301) 515-0037 Restrictions This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright. The parts that are used are all RoHS compliant. it may be upgraded using all RoHS material or all non-RoHS material. Inc.x software. RF Solutions Group 20410 Observation Drive Germantown. resulting in a RoHS compliant product. All Rights Reserved Copyright 1997-2006 by PCTEL. Inc. The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. it will be upgraded using all RoHS material.0 or later. and are essentially equivalent replacements. PCTEL. Inc. There is a new version of software (WCDMA/GSM Release 6. PCTEL. it is intended for internal use only.SeeGull® LX Manual: Preface The product uses the same mechanical package (dimensions. and will only be used on RoHS compliant products. Inc. if the scanner is not RoHS compliant. RF Solutions Group vi Rev. makes no warranty of any kind with regards to this document. weight and configuration) and connector location.0) that supports the new parts. The RoHS product can be identified in 3 ways: A RoHS indicator on the chassis A query to the scanner will indicate a RoHS version of hardware The scanner will be using WCDMA/GSM Release 6. only the LEDs are moved. All rights reserved. R . No other application development work is needed. All products manufactured before this change will continue to use 5. No part of this document may be photocopied or reproduced in any way without the prior written permission of PCTEL. shall not be liable for errors or omissions contained herein or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the use of this document. Copyright Information No part of this document may be used or copied in any form or any means without prior written consent of PCTEL. Applications that check the software version numbers reported by the scanner will need to accept the new version numbers. including the accessories. it is not to be disclosed to a third party. In accordance with the RoHS directive.

the Applications Programming Interface (API). installation. and data acquisition. See Figure 1-2 for details. and other RF measurements. demodulation. For copies of the API and/or the ICD. It uses a control processor for control functions messaging. The unit can also be customized to do various levels of protocol analysis. statistics of the signal. (Refer to section 3 for more details). the SeeGull® LX receiver can provide the user with critical measurements for managing the quality of the network. Control GPS RF Antenna Antenna Figure 1-1: SeeGull® LX Receiver with GPS +12 VDC RS-485 RS-232 Control Processor Data & Address Busses Digital Downconverter Data & Address Busses Internal GPS DSP RF Front End DB9 DC/DC Converter Figure 1-2: Top-Level Block Diagram PCTEL.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation 1. General Description The SeeGull® LX (Figure 1-1) is a dualconversion super-heterodyne receiver that includes a Digital Signal Processor (DSP) for signal detection. Depending on the protocol and the type of measurement. If the host is an IBM PC or another Windows computer. The serial communication link allows the host (IBM PC or a proprietary computer with a USB or an RS-232 interface) to control the operation of the scanner and to receive the measurement results.2k Baud speed. makes writing the host software easy. R . available from PCTEL. please contact your PCTEL sales or marketing representative. RF Solutions Group 7 Rev. Overview and System Requirements This section describes the SeeGull® LX receiver. engineered for the rigors of the mobile test equipment market. The RS-232 interface comes standard with 115. including the applicable system configuration and software requirements. It was designed for the planning.4k Baud. It is a test tool for signal strength and modulation measurement. An optional description known as the Interface Control Document (ICD) of the low-level serial protocol development is also available for non-PC applications. and acquires two channels of baseband data. but can also be factory configured for 38. including tuning to the desired channels. and maintenance of wireless networks. The raw data is further processed in the DSP processor to yield the averaged RSSI (Received Signal Strength) data and the base station identifier. The DSP processor controls the RF front end.

Figure 1-4. These are described here. This enables a scanner to support a DBS application. Examples include indoor applications.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation Note that the Tri-Band and Dual-Band units provide a USB interface that is supported by Windows PC platforms. See Figure 1-4 for details. driving through tunnels or in urban areas where maintaining GPS (which is used by the scanner for both location and CDMA timing) is difficult. two separate tools were needed for these functionalities. If the contents are incomplete or the SeeGull® LX appears damaged. For information required to interface a DBS sensor to an LX scanner. RF Solutions Group 8 . Distance Based Sampling Option The Distance Based Sampling option includes a kit containing the following: Rev. Distance Based Sampling Option Mount Magnetically or Mechanically to Vehicle. The DBS option is a cost-effective and user-friendly approach to distance based sampling. Information on the DBS applications is provided in Section 4. It provides both model tuning and optimization capability in one tool. GPS Antenna Input RF Antenna Input RS-232 Data/Powe r Figure 1-3. please contact your sales or marketing representative. and is available for all models of the LX scanner. Refer to Section 6 for a complete list of options available for the SeeGull® LX product line with their part number. refer to the SeeGull® LX Enhanced Interface Control Document (eICD). please call the Technical Support line at 866-384-7877. R PCTEL. Please contact your PCTEL sales or marketing representative for pricing and delivery information HoldOver option for cdma2000/EV-DO The HoldOver for cdma2000 and EV-DO scanners enables users to collect measurements even when a GPS signal is not present. Traditionally. The single receiver should look similar to the picture in Figure 1-3.. The scanner will then be able to receive pulses over an RS-422 interface to control when measurements are taken. The Distance Based Sampling (DBS) option (part number OP029) is available for the SeeGull® LX scanning receiver. Initial Inspection Inspect the shipping container and verify that the contents are complete and match the packing list.. Distance Based Sampling Kit The Distance Based Sampling (DBS) Kit (part number OP028) is available for the SeeGull® LX scanning receiver. This describes the required hardware interface and the software techniques to control the scanner for DBS applications. Front View of SeeGull® LX Connector Power On LED Receiver Showing Connections Options There are a number of options available for the LX scanners. For more information.

CDMA2000 Layer 3 Message Decoding Option This option is available on the CDMA2000 LX scanners. The timing can be acquired in 3 ways as selected by the user: GPS only. Sync Channel or GPS Priority. This is available for Pilot. Pilot Detail. The BSIC (Base Station Identification Code) is decoded in the receiver and can be used for identifying the transmitting base station. etc. provides decoding of the BCCH (Broadcast Control Channel) type 3 messages. This includes information concerning: • Neighbor list • Mobility management (handovers. available on the GSM LX scanners. Pilot Zoom. CDMA2000 Sync Channel Timing Option This option is available on the CDMA2000 LX scanners. including CDMA Japan. The SeeGull® LX platform has the best performance yet regarding the detection sensitivity of the transmitting base stations. It provides Layer 3 Message Decoding of Sync Channel Message and Primary Paging Channel. • MNC (Mobile Network Code). Timing can be acquired using Chip Timing Synchronization.) • Group and broadcast call control • GPRS mobility management. Code Domain Scan allows the determination of where the signal energy is into the codeseparated channels. These messages contain the Cell Identity and Local Area Identification information broadcast by the network infrastructure. transparent transport and session management • Radio resource management • SMS messages • Location services The SeeGull® LX receiver supports numerous BCCH frequency channels. For each RF channel. This option is available with the GSM LX scanners and it provides co-channel interference (C/I) measurements as well as decoding of BSIC (Base Station Identification Code). RF Solutions Group 9 Rev. Top N. and • LAC (Location Area Code). The Ec/Io is reported for each Code Channel in a list user. activity and performance of the network. R . These messages also contain significant information on the configuration. PCH w/Pilot list and PCH w/Top N measurements. Code Domain. This information includes the: • MCC (Mobile Country Code).SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation GSM C/I Option Sensor DBS Interface Cable Magnetic Mount GSM BCCH Decoding Option This option. including: • System Parameters Message • Extended System Parameters Message • Neighbor List Message • Extended Neighbor List Message • CDMA Channel List Message • Extended CDMA Channel List Message PCTEL. CDMA2000 Code Domain Option This option is available on the CDMA2000 LX scanners. using integer values from 0 to 127. GSM BSIC Decoding This feature is included with the GSM LX scanners.

4. 20. resolution bandwidth (5. and 16) are adjustable. and 80 kHz). and sweep averaging (1. 2. RF Solutions Group 10 Rev. The scanner measures and reports power spectral density using frequency domain techniques. 8. Frequency span in the RF Band. 40. R . 10.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation Built-In Spectrum Analyzer The built-in spectrum analysis feature provides an effective means to detect and troubleshoot frequency related problems. PCTEL.

Typical System Configuration Block Diagram PCTEL. This configuration is illustrated in Figure 1-5. Pin 2 Pin 6 Pin 3 Pin 5 Pin 2: Pin 3: Pin 5: Pin 6: XMIT RCV GND +12 VDC Figure 1-6. various hardware and software components may be used in the scanning system along with the SeeGull® LX scanner. However. Refer to PCTEL’s product offering matrix in section 6 for part number information. R . RF Solutions Group 11 Rev. RS-232 Power/Connector Cable PC Com Port 12 VDC Figure 1-5. or an AC/DC adapter.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation System Requirements Typical System Depending on a user’s requirements.4 A (Tri-Band & Dual Receiver) • +12 VDC @ 1. See Figure 1-6 for the location of the power and ground pins on the RS-232 power/connector for the single LX scanner. warranty. in most cases. Applying excessive voltage to the receiver will void the unit’s DB9 SMA SeeGull® LX Receiver SMB Figure 1-7. It is imperative that the power source be capable of supplying the receiver with the voltage and current levels as above. a 12-volt battery. Typical SeeGull LX System RF Antenna OP 021 or OP 022 Power/Data Cable GPS Antenna Antenna Requirements Use a 50 Ohm impedance antenna with an SMA male connector at the end of the cable.0 A all others Use a car battery. It is HIGHLY recommended that the power supply not exceed the working range of the receivers. Power Source Requirements Use one of the following voltage levels: • +12 VDC @ 2. a typical configuration will include a host IBM or compatible PC connected to the scanner via a serial cable and running the user’s application software.

PCTEL’s InSite® LX. Option 2: If the user does not want to develop software. Display from InSite™ LX Software Package (Option) Other System Configurations In some cases. optional low-level serial communication protocol information (Enhanced Interface Control PCTEL. InSite® LX (Figure 1-8) allows for control of PCTEL’s receivers and data acquisition. Documents. Figure 1-8. can be purchased. R . Contact your PCTEL sales representative for more information.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation PC Requirements Software Requirements Option 1: Windows Based Control If the user is planning to develop proprietary software to control the SeeGull® LX receiver using the Windows OS. eICDs) can be furnished with the scanner. a data collection software package. users connect the SeeGull® LX scanner to computers other than IBMcompatible PCs. PCTEL can provide your software developers with the LX Applications Programmers Interface (API) or Enhanced Interface Control Document (eICD) to communicate with the scanner. In these cases. RF Solutions Group 12 Rev. This allows the user to write the communication drivers necessary to operate their system.

1. Integration There are eight (8) mounting holes (6-32 screw) on the chassis of the unit that are used for mounting in the user’s enclosure/rack. Unobstructed convection airflow is recommended. Attaching the GPS Antenna to Receiver PCTEL. but thorough testing of the temperature regime is highly recommended.28 cm) Figure 2-3. rack. See Figure 2-1 for details. thin-walled pouches for carrying the unit is allowed. if present. (Note: Make Sure that Antenna Color Code.) See Figure 2-2. RF Solutions Group. Attaching the Antenna to Receiver Rear of Receiver 2.110 inches (0. If Present. R . Installation This section describes how to set up the SeeGull® LX receiver. Connect the GPS antenna (or input) to the SMB connector. Mounting Holes for Rack Mounting Note: Maximum Depth of Screw Insertion from Chassis Exterior 0. newer antennas do not have sleeves. the RF Connector color will match the antenna’s colored sleeve. or case. See Figure 2-3. The following steps explain how to connect the unit to the host PC and power source and to begin collecting data. Matches Receiver Color Code SMA Connector from Antenna Figure 2-2. Side of Receiver (Typical Both Sides) SMB Connector from GPS Antenna RF Input Power Data Mounting Holes (8 Total) Front of Receiver Mounting Holes (8 Total) Figure 2-1. The use of carefully designed. Connect the antenna to the antenna SMA connector on the unit (if purchased from PCTEL. there should be good dissipation of heat in order to prevent the unit from overheating.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation 2. RF Solutions Group 13 Rev. When installing the unit in a system enclosure.

Connection of Scanner to PC. See USB Driver Installation Instructions for more information. Connects to Car Cigarette Lighter Start Up (Orange) Normal Operation (Green) System Failed (Red) Figure 2-4. coded PURPLE and RF2 is for GSM of cdma2000. The system is ready for use. plug the cable provided into the sensor. For mounting and placement of the sensor. RF1 is for WCDMA or EV-DO.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation Note the colored band around the RF connector. Please contact Customer Support. Power Supply and Startup 5. the light turns green. R . This denotes the RF frequency range and PCTEL. refer to the installation instructions (Document 130019-00M) provided in the DBS kit. Not pictured is the Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA unit or the Dual-Mode cdma2000/EV-DO unit. PURPLE denotes the 2100 MHz band and YELLOW denotes the Dual-Bands from 806-1990 MHz. If the light turns dark red. Note the Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA and the Dual-Mode cdma2000/EVDO units interface to a PC using a USB interface. RF Solutions Group’s antennas have matching colored bands. (document #100029-00) Scanner Power Connector (RS-232) PC Serial Port Lighter Adapter. These units have two RF connectors. 4. the LED on the receiver illuminates in orange. as illustrated in Figure 2-4. After the power is applied. RF Solutions Group 14 Rev. the unit has failed the power-up test. If you are using InSite® LX. Install and start the PC program. 6. DBS Option Installation To install the Distance Based Sampling option. coded YELLOW. After a short delay. Two virtual COM ports will be available to the application software and functionality is the same as that with RS232. Connect the scanner to a PC serial port and to the car cigarette lighter adapter using the optional power/data cable (OP021). refer to the InSite® LX manual for specific instructions. 3. PCTEL.

use the Application Programming Interface (API) described in References. Pilot Number. Aggregate and Peak Ec/Io. Delay Spread. RF Solutions Group. Calibration SeeGull® LX receivers are calibrated at the factory. Operation: Controlling the Scanner and Acquiring Data A unit is controlled. If the GPS signal is lost. the following is applicable: PCTEL. the CDMA 2000 and EV-DO scanners use the GPS data for timing information to decode the CDMA Signals. HoldOver Option Operation When a GPS signal is present. See References. please refer to the eICD.4k Baud (please request at time of order). The calibration data is stored in the internal non-volatile memory for each 1 dB step for the whole input signal dynamic range. and the measurement data is received via the RS-232 communication link running at 115. Please refer to the Calibration Notice in section 5 for more information. With the HoldOver option. Upgrades may be needed to incorporate new features or bug fixes. To get the best performance of the HoldOver option during indoor measurements. and accordingly. cdma2000/EV-DO use of GPS During collection. For instructions on how to change the baud rate. In case the user has a system that runs an operating system other than Windows. Re-calibration is available as an optional service from PCTEL.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation 3. the cdma2000 and EVDO scanners utilize a GPS signal to provide accurate timing for measurements of Pilot Delay. Operation This section discusses calibration. we recommend that the GPS be locked for at least 45 minutes before using the scanner in an unlocked / holdover mode (with power maintained). use the description of the serial interface and messages. Note: Recalibration is Recommended Every Year If the user incorporates the scanner into their test system running Windows 2000. RF Solutions Group 15 Rev. Item 2 (Preface Section). the CDMA2000 and EV-DO scanners will continue accurate decoding of pilots for a period of 2 -4 hours in the absence of any GPS signal. Software Upgrades SeeGull® LX scanner stores the application program in internal non-volatile memory. inaccuracies in these measurements may occur within minutes. Depending on the PC software used to work with the unit.2k Baud (factory standard) or 38. and integrating the SeeGull® LX receiver into the user’s test system. Recalibration is recommended every year in order to maintain the specified accuracy levels. software upgrades. R . or the API. is capable of being upgraded via software. unless the HoldOver option is used. Item 1 (Preface Section). Please note that some upgrades can only be performed at PCTEL’s factory.

/sec @100km/h 4 chans. When the scanner is configured to exceed these speeds. RF Solutions Group 2100 1900 1800 900 850 450 *100km/h / 50km/h LX reporting of measurements: One characteristic of PCTEL’s LX scanners is using stacked mode to achieve these scanning speeds. 1008 924 852 428 412 216 the distance to take another measurement. Final scanning speed is based on 4 parameters: 1./sec @100km/h 2 chans. The distance selected for making measurements 4. which determines the correct numbers of pulses per meter./sec 252 / 126 231 / 115 213 / 106 107 / 53 103 / 51 54 / 27 WCDMA 2/4 2/5 2/5 5 / 11 5 / 11 11 / 23 GSM 0/1 0/1 0/1 1/2 1/2 2/5 DBS in LX Scanners: The scanners are designed to provide the means to take RSSI measurements based on distance. with the corresponding parameters. 504 462 426 214 206 108 Meas. Using external sensors that provide pulses based on distance (via an RS-485 interface). (Of course. two and four channels is given if driving is assumed to occur at 100km/h (app. Band 2100 1900 1800 900 850 450 40λ/50 (cm) 11 12 13 26 27 52 Meas.) Scanner measurement speed: Each technology in the LX scanner has a maximum scanning speed (the ability to reliably perform a maximum number of measurements per second) for making RSSI CW (continuous wave) measurements: WCDMA: 600 per second GSM: 150 per second These speeds are achieved regardless of the number of channels selected for measurement. The number of required measurements per second for one. Background Typical application requirements: DBS is used primarily for enforcing rules about the distance spacing between measurements. DBS Operation If you are developing proprietary software to control the SeeGull® LX receiver. It then allows the user to define PCTEL. One primary motivator of this type of measuring is the “Lee criteria”. other application can be used to interface with the scanners and provide these capabilities. 62 mph)./sec @100km/h 1 channel 252 231 213 107 103 54 Meas. Technology of the scanner 2. R . and works as follows: 16 Rev. please refer to the LX Applications Programmers Interface (API) or Enhanced Interface Control Document (eICD) for how to control and use the Distance Based Sampling option. This states that the appropriate distance for measuring a signal is taking 50 measurements within a distance that is 40 times the frequencies wave length. error messages are reported and the resulting measurement speed is degraded. the common bands are listed here. Within the cellular technologies. the scanners can be configured to make measurements for the channels on the scan list once for time a certain number of pulses occur. The speed that the scanner is moving when taking measurements The maximum channels that can be configured using the Lee Criteria above are at 100km/h and 50km/h are given in this table: Band 40λ/50 (cm) 11 12 13 26 27 52 Meas. other sampling rates can be determined for slower speeds. The band to be measured 3. using guidelines like those listed above. This indicates the limits on which selections should be made for scanning.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation 4. The InSite application provides the means to “calibrate” the sensor.

if more are produces a set of messages are reported • The messages with contain a count of results that are a multiple of the number of channels (ex. one message is reported with the measurements done. so it would provide 4 messages in each report per second with 252 measurements in each message. • PCTEL. RF Solutions Group 17 Rev. there will be up to 250 results in each message) The result is that the scanners ability to report messages does not limit the measurement speed. When compared to the table above. If 10 channels are requested. in most cases. when the scanner is configured for one channel. each 1 second report will contain less that 255 measurements.SeeGull® LX Manual: Operation The scans are performed requested. but results are grouped in a large group (up to 255) • These results are reported from the scanner on 1 second boundaries • If less than 255 results are produced in a second. for 2100MHz and 4 channels. each message in a report 150 per second will old 252. R . But.

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Tighten this nut as tight as you can with your fingers. PCTEL. Troubleshooting Pressure Clips Positive Connection This section describes a few suggestions for several common problems that might occur. R . When the fuse “blows”. Changing the Fuse in the Power Plug If it is necessary to change the fuse in the power plug. Insert the new fuse in the housing and re-assemble the plug by turning the knurled finger nut in a clockwise direction. thereby disconnecting the input power from the SeeGull® LX Receiver. No Power: Receiver LED’s Not Illuminated Should there be no power displayed on the Power LED located on the face of the receiver. Note: Do Not Use Tools to Tighten Received Signal Strength Appears Low If the received signal strength appears to be lower than expected. please check the connection first. RF Solutions Group Look Very Similar and Can only be Identified by the Supplied Color Antenna Sleeve The fuse can be “blown” by a surge in the portable or mobile battery system. it is likely that (1) an incorrect antenna is being used. Loosen the fuse-holding finger nut by turning it counter-clockwise until the plug comes apart. Note: Antennas Sold by PCTEL. it will open up. ONLY USE a 3-amp! Any other fuse value may cause severe problems with the unit and void the warranty. The fuse is the first line of defense should any short. RF Solutions Group 19 Rev. If the fuse is not operating normally. The fuse is inside the power plug housing and can be removed. there will be no power to the receiver. A temporarily shorted wire can also cause other problems. then the fuse. which is located in the cigarette lighter end of the power cord. or other problems occur within the power wiring circuitry. large spike. (2) an antenna is not properly connected or (3) the antenna or antenna cable is damaged. Note: Check The Fuse in the Cigarette Lighter Plug First! Fuse Holding Nut (Turn Counter-Clockwise to Open) Figure 5-1: SeeGull LX Power Plug ® Replace the fuse with an identical 3-amp fuse. remove the cigarette lighter plug end from the power source. Check the antenna to be used with each receiver to be sure that the correct frequency antenna is being used or that one is even connected. See Figure 5-1 for an illustration of the power plug.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting 5. These suggestions are user serviceable.

900. will replace OP065. 1800. The first. Figure 5-4 shows a chart for PCTEL’s color-coding. This information must not be lost or mixed up. Verify that all the necessary antennas are included in the shipment and that each is marked.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting PCTEL recently released (August 2006) two new antennas that have new bases with a better cable (extended temperature range) and a frequency range wide enough to cover all of our scanners (except the 450 MHz scanners). and 1900 band scanners Figure 5-3: OP79 Until these antennas were released. has a built in GPS base and supports all of the 800. Each antenna comes in a bag that is labeled with a sleeve that identifies the frequency band with which it is to be used (see Figure 5-2 and 5-3). The new antennas will not have a colored cable sleeve to indicate that they work for all bands but the 450 MHz band (those PCTEL. RF Solutions Group 20 Rev. 900. or other physical characteristics except the presence or absences of the colored cable sleeve. this supports all of the 800. OP079. Antennas cannot be identified by length. OP078. all PCTEL antennas had a colored cable sleeve to identify the band that is supported. cdma2000 and EV-DO Receivers Require Two Antennas (RF & GPS) for Proper Operation. 1900 and 2100 band scanners. Note: Some Receivers Require Multiple Antennas. antennas will continue to have a colored sleeve). 1800. Figure 5-2: OP78 The second. replaced the OP042 and OP039. shape. R .

1900 cdma2000 Dual-Band 800/1900 UMTS WCDMA .2170 Part Number OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP039 OP042 OP042/OP039 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP042 OP123 OP123 OP078 Color Code System YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW PURPLE YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW YELLOW RED RED none Figure 5-4: SeeGull LX Antenna Color Coding Matrix PCTEL.1900 UMTS WCDMA .800 cdma2000 . RF Solutions Group 21 Rev.1900 EV-DO Dual-Band 800/1900 Dual-Mode cdma2000/EV-DO cdma2000 450 EV-DO 450 cdma2000 Japan ® RX Band (Frequencies in MHz) 869 – 894 925 – 959 1805 – 1880 1930 – 1990 869-894/1930-1990 925-959/1805-1880 869– 894 1930 .SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting SeeGull™ LX Receiver Model GSM 850 GSM 900 GSM 1800 GSM 1900 GSM Dual-Band 850/1900 GSM Dual-Band 900/1800 cdma2000 .800 EV-DO .1990 869-894/1930-1990 1930 – 1990 2110 – 2170 869-894/1930-1990 900/1800/2100 850/1900 869– 894 1930 .1990 869-894/1930-1990 850/1900 450 450 860-875/2110. R .2100 UMTS WCDMA Dual-Band 850/1900 Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA Dual-Mode GSM/WCDMA EV-DO .

g. the customer can go outside at any point during the test and allow the scanner to obtain a new timing reference. the scanner will deviate by one chip every so often due to timing errors.) * can handle multiple frequencies simultaneously * has spectrum analyzer capability (release 2. 87 minutes is the worst case for pilot to move to the next pilot if the A Q Q What are the differences between CDMA 850 and CDMA2000 850? CDMA 850: * is based on the DX platform * can perform one function at a time (e. This does not represent a problem on its own if the customer is aware and simply interprets the results accordingly. At the time of release of this manual the following FAQ questions were available: SeeGull LX FAQ ® base station for this pilot is in proximity to the indoor measurement area.0 in April '03. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) PCTEL’s website provides an up-to-date list of Frequency Asked Questions (FAQ).com.g. This is in addition to the chips of delay that are due to natural delays and change over time can contribute to the same result. • The time that will elapse before one pilot is detected and the next one will depend on room temperature and how much time the scanner is allowed to obtain GPS reference prior to going indoors. it will be better especially if the scanner is allowed to acquire GPS for a longer time before going inside a building.pctel. click on the RG Solutions Group link.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting 6. then Support. Due to propagation delays. This is the way CDMA networks are. Time is defined in chips. Typically. A given pilot is detected as the next one after some time. do you measure chip offset of specified pilot in good resolution (eq. To see this list go to www. RSSI CW and Pilot Scan and Spectrum Analyzer etc. This problem is typically worked around in the field by selecting all the pilots (TopN) or every n and n+1 pilot at the expense of the slower measurement rate. DBS (Distance Based Sampling) with RSSI Frequency Scan) * has code domain (option) For CDMA 850 (869~894MH). Q What scans can work for WCDMA in DBS mode? WCDMA with DBS only works in the RSSI CW and RSSI Wide mode (there is no supported 30KHz mode like GSM) and no other types of scans (data modes) can be active Is there any recommendation on using CDMA indoors without GPS and without the Network Timing option? The difference between any two consecutive (or not consecutive) pilots is time respective to the system reference. then FAQ. If the pilot is coming from further away it can be less than 87 minutes based on the propagation delay from the measured based station to the indoor area that is surveyed. In the worst of cases -one goes inside immediately after acquiring GPS. RF Solutions Group 22 Rev. far away from a cell (>10 miles) it is possible that the delay is long enough (chips) for any pilot to be detected as the next one. 1/16 chip or 1/8 chip resolution)? A A • Q PCTEL. R . other release 2.0 features are Pilot zoom (Temporal Analyzer). • When using the holdover option. RSSI CW or Pilot Scan) * can handle one frequency CDMA 2000 850: * is based on the LX platform * can perform multiple functions simultaneously (e.the pilot will be detected as the next one after about 80 minutes. Additionally.

The CDMA 2000 scanner can measure channel power using RSSI scan CW or Wide channel with 30 kHz and 1.11 chip/sec = 6. Code Domain. Pilot.033 chip/sec = 2 chips/minute ~ 32 minutes per PN worst case . Aggregate Ec/Io value reflects a specific multi path environment experienced indoors or outdoors.0? 512 taps = -16dBm. 1. In addition to this Io-total 1. For CDMA. is it possible to measure burst pilot [ for case of 0. RF Solutions Group 23 .25MHz channel power is measured and reported in Top N Pilot. In terms of implementation.0 of the CDMA 2000 scanner will provide a GPS priority mode which will use GPS for timing when possible and if not it will use the strongest pilot’s sync channel to determine timing. one can analyze a fast-changing spectrum of an unstable transmitter. measures are taken to ensure high accuracy and stability of the results.5sec ON. Accordingly. What is the difference between the "RSSI scan" and "Spectrum Analyzer" mode in the SeeGull® LX WCDMA Scanner? The differences lie in the corresponding objectives and ways of implementation of the two modes.6 chips/minute ~10 minutes per PN NOTE: The aging spec for the oscillator on the LX clock card is 500 ppb/year. is used for obtaining average power in one of the two signal bandwidths of the scanner. the RSSI Rev. For CDMA 850 (869~894MH). on one hand. but the spectrum display. the normal scanner will “hold over” for a period of time until GPS can be established. Using Spectrum Analysis.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting A The CDMA 2000 scanner provides a Pilot zoom (Temporal Analyzer) scan which measures the power per chip in a specific pilot. The RSSI measurement in this case will most often show a normal smooth picture. 1024 taps = -19dBm. 2048 taps = -22dBm For CDMA. The Spectrum Analysis is intended to provide a tool that shows a wealth of information about the signal spectrum that is not obtainable from the channel power measurement. Q A Q measurement without GPS is necessary. Pilot Zoom and Pilot Detail scans.25 chips window from the Peak Ec/Io by aggregating all the Ec/Io components that cross user supplied PN Threshold. do you measure RSSI? CDMA 850 measures RSSI CW (30kHz bandwidth) only. What happens to timing when GPS becomes unlocked for CDMA 2000? The drift at room temperature: typical . If the pilot is punctured. as an example. Pilot Scan and Top N Pilot Scan Pilot Delay data mode reports PN offset in chips. How is the Aggregate Ec/Io parameter reported by the pilot scan calculated? Aggregate Ec/Io is calculated in +/. is it possible to lock without GPS module using external even second signal? There is not a way to feed an external signal for timing into the radio. Q What would be the effects of Aggregate when using the scanner indoors? Using the Scanner Aggregate Ec/Io measurement indoors has same effect as using this measurement outdoors. Release 3.5sec OFF ]? The current product measures according to the CDMA 2000 (IS-2000) standard. PCTEL also has a holdover product which can provide accurate results for hours of operation once GPS is lost (assuming GPS lock is first acquired). "RSSI scan" modus. it is not known how measurement accuracy or ability will be affected.25 MHz BW respectively. If Q A PCTEL. will show an erratic behavior due to the fast update rate and lack of averaging. This only determines system accuracy if no GPS frequency reference is available. if used with an appropriate resolution bandwidth. R A A Q A Q A Q Q A A Q A What are the new values for CDMA 2000 Ec/Io thresholds for release 2. For CDMA 850 (869~894MH) do you measure Ec/Io of specified pilot ? This is a standard feature of the Pilot scan.

5 dB (that Why does the noise pedestal increase around strong carriers for WCDMA? For WCDMA signals above around -35 dBm our radio will introduce attenuation to protect itself from overflow (overload). So. Same will happen with the CW signals (that have lower crest factor than WCDMA signals). The definition also implies the intrinsic step of (nonlinear) detection (decision. The SA measurement uses a segmented FFT approach that ensures various resolution bandwidths and fast update rates. This attenuation causes increase in the radio noise floor. whether or not it is being used by the customer. we call a signal "discernable" in the case when we can "see" the presence of the signal over noise after averaging a few scans. As is indicated in the product documentation. and the necessary SNR after averaging is set to 0. What is the difference? A A Q The difference is as follows. continuously. The nature of the beast is such that it skews the variation towards favoring lower values whenever degrading factors are present. averaging is inherent in this definition. A In order to avoid any possible confusion. In practice. etc. Q A Q Are the sec. on the other hand. In practice. The notion of a "discernable" signal. This is not configurable by the user. which have no GPS device included. R . This opens a whole issue of how to post-process data. The decision was made by the eye of the operator. the scanner provides an absolute time-offset measurement as well as navigation data for mapping. the number of traces is 10. However. let us emphasize that the GPS receiver is always included in the scanner. As a minimum. No threshold is being applied to the measurement before averaging. The only exception are the GSM models that can be purchased without navigation. as in TopN). Q Is the built-in GPS receiver needed for WCDMA? No. sync for WCDMA also detected and measured in top N mode? Yes Are the WCDMA PSCH measurements averaged over certain timeslots? How many ? Can that be defined by the user? The PSCH measurement is always performed over 16 time slots. The "detectable" signal is a signal that is positively found virtually every scan. as well as a relatively subjective nature of the decision. with the coverage. How can the measured WCDMA wide band RSSI be lower than -110dBm since the thermal noise floor is at -108dBm? A A Q A Q Q Q PCTEL. averaging in presence of fading. the criterion we use is 95% probability of detection. It hails from the era of CRT-based radars. In our case. Without this we would not be able to measure WCDMA signals up to -20 dBm. Are the secondary sync channels also detected and measured in top N mode for WCDMA? Yes. do not attempt to average results expressed in decibels but in a linear domain instead. Lee criterion. the scanner will work in areas without GPS coverage. RF Solutions Group 24 Rev. is more "analogue" in nature. For the PSCH detection you are distinguishing between "detectable" and "discernable". which makes this parameter suitable in the case of "Pilot Scan" (as opposed to Top-N). This noise floor behavior is typical for all spectrum analysis tools Why is peak psch and ssch skewed toward lower values? PSCH is more susceptible to fading than CPICH. where the phosphorescence of the screen served as the video integrator.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting measurement uses analog and digital filters to select the right frequency band and subsequently measure total power.

k. The number of output messages between the output messages with the extra measurement (NEM ) is given by: NEM = (V / Vp . and output on 1. DBS 1 shows the case when on the third output message. RF Solutions Group 25 Rev. In this situation. In the diagram above. it is nearly impossible for a standard automobile to maintain exactly the same velocity at all times. we got zero measurements returned in the output message. the time between measurements will be less than the perfect time. During a TE period. which would needlessly complicate understanding of the issue. Since the distance between measurements is also constant at a user-selected interval (DS). if the speed being traveled is an integer multiple or divisor of the perfect velocity. if we were traveling at Vp we'd expect one measurement per output message. The measurements are buffered in the radio. Now that we have detailed the 'perfect' cases. Q A PCTEL. R . DBS Mode). We will assume that the vehicle using the system is traveling at a constant velocity (zero acceleration) for the sake of this explanation. The first thing of interest is the Message Output waveform at the top of the diagram. The conclusions drawn herein are the same for non-zero accelerations. The diagram below will be used to illustrate the problem (see picture enclosed). This enables us to measure RSSI at lower levels What is the description of DBS Windowing Issue (Useful for GPS Windowing)? The SeeGull LX radio running controller versions 1. This results in there occasionally being an Extra measurement in the output message.2 and preceding exhibit a pooling behavior with respect to Distance Based Sampling operation. This results in there occasionally being a missing measurement in the output message.a.1)-1 The third waveform in the picture above shows the case where the velocity (V2) is less than Vp. The number of output messages between the output messages with the missing measurement (NEM ) is given by: NMM = (Vp / V . there is one speed for every desired distance interval (referred to here as the 'perfect velocity' or Vp) at which there will be exactly the same number of measurements taken and outputted in each message from the radio.1)-1 Note that in both the cases above. we can investigate the behavior that results when the information is directly plotted in a mapping package. This same relationship exists for all velocities and corresponding measurement periods.13. we will assume that the GPS information is aligned EXACTLY with the output messages. In the diagram above. the scanning receiver takes a measurement based on a user-defined distance. Using these assumptions. The second waveform in the picture above shows the case where the velocity (V1) is greater than Vp. DBS 2 shows the case when on the third output message. from time to time.0-second intervals from the product (TE above). In this situation.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting A PCTEL can account for the thermal noise and eliminate it to some extent in the RSSI measurement.2. but we'd have to use integration. For the purpose of this discussion. from time to time. The relationship between Vp and Tp would be Tp = Ds/Vp. the number of measurements that occurred is based upon the desired sampling distance and the distance traveled during that time. In reality. then there will be no extra or missing measurements. the time between measurements will be greater then the perfect time. due to the DBS sensor. we can define the 'perfect time' (Tp) at which there will be exactly the same number of measurements taken and outputted in each message from the radio. When the SeeGull Lx is operating in 'triggered mode' (a. if we were traveling at Vp we'd expect one measurement per output message. we got two measurements returned in the output message.

SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting The issue with the extra/missing samples is most obvious when data points are plotted on a map in a product like MapInfo® without using any interpolation. and there are many choices depending upon the goal of the data collection. then it indicates pilot pollution present. If there were multiple output messages between the GPS messages. this is a fairly complex issue. RF Solutions Group 26 Rev. if there are more pilots present than a UMTS handset can handle. Any usage of WCDMA scanner to correct a pilot pollution? Pilot pollution means there are more active pilot than a handset can measure (#pilot present > #rake receivers in the phone). than sources on interpolation can be consulted for more robust algorithms. I would like to know more details how the scanner is calculating the C/I values. this is sufficient. This issue has not been addressed to date. this same scenario can exist absent of DBS. how is this averaging done and over how many samples? The RSSI value an LX scanner returns is a combination of direct sample average and other non-linear methods. The actual algorithm used is a matter of some discussion. For most cases. Thus the WCDMA scanner can help to identify the presence of pilot pollution. As with the DBS case above. you can rely on the distance traveled between two measurements to be very nearly the specified distance. and space the number of measurements that occurred during that second equally along that line. the answer is Yes. can the customer measure the delay of the signal. which takes ALL of the measurement and averages them to single point based upon overlaying a grid with the desired resolution. It is also possible to estimate the clock frequency offset of a Pilot by continuously observing Time Offset parameter change for a given Pilot. What is the difference in measurement speed between With PSCH and Without PSCH? With PSCH present: 525ms for one pilot. R . Absolute time offset of a selected WCDMA pilot in chips is measured. then the simple algorithm would lump the measurements to the GPS location of the nearest preceding second. the Scanner is calculating C/I based on the FCCH burst. Q Does WCDMA scanner report 'delay' measurement? If you mean. One simple example would be to assume a straight line between two GPS points. we would label each point with the location in memory at the time the message is received in the host from the scanning receiver. It is more flavored towards instantaneous “stable” power than the average power. If more accuracy of data location is necessary. The would result in the case of the missing output scenario (DBS 2) in a map that looks like its missing a point every once in a while. The way to address this when using distance-based sampling is to apply an algorithm to the returned measurements that using interpolation to place the measurement point at the appropriate point between the two GPS readings. Without PSCH present: 60ms (minimum) for one pilot. Another common technique is 'binning'. and will change from configuration to configuration. Remember that due to the sensor. My question about the LX scanner is: does it present average RSSI values of the samples that it measures? If yes. and exists in all versions of the product produced so far. interpolation can be used to spread the measurements out more realistically over the interval. In the case of GSM. As can be seen above. due to GPS information being available only once a second. Ranges of the time offset are from 0 to 38399. so by looking at the pilot measurement of the carrier or the Top N measurement. Since we can new GPS Data on every output message (due to our assumption above). As a note. It A Q A Q A Q A Q A PCTEL.

minute. If you have had your LX scanner for about 2 years.).Multiply .d = Degrees.. Decimal Degrees (D. but the measurement error should be with in PCTEL specification of RSSI accuracy. As well the RSSI measured for a particular channel in spectrum window A is not the same RSSI value measured for the same channel in RSSI window at a given time. A Q PCTEL.m = Decimal Minutes . at +1 (240) 460-8833.6333) D. and should not be treated as a system error. There could be some measurement difference with or without RF attenuator been turned on. Decimal Minutes (eg.m = Degrees.SeeGull® LX Manual: Troubleshooting measures correlated power of the FCCH burst C and total power Io for the same time window.3772 --> 45 ο 22. please contact our customer support. 45 ο 22'38") -----------------------------------------------Radians (taken from scanner) * 57.6333) . Please see legend below then the conversion to degrees / minutes / seconds: Legend: -------------D = Degrees M = Minutes S = Seconds . 45 ο 22. R ..Multiply .3772ο) DMS = Degrees.6333 --> 45 22'38") . avoid nonlinear effects and extend the dynamic range of unit at the expense of the noise figure degradation.m (.6333) DM. The user will need to pay a calibration fee. 45. Could you please clarify? The question here is why RF attenuation is automatically tuned on ? A Q RF attenuator is automatically turned on to prevent overflow in the unit.6333*60=38) We are doing scan for spectral clearance ( RF Ch RSSI Scan.3772*60=22. Seconds (eg.m --> DMS (45 ο 22.d --> DM. Decimal Degrees (eg. Minutes.m by 60 to get S(.s = Decimal Seconds DM. then it may need to be returned to PCTEL for recalibration.2957795 = Degrees. This is a normal behavior same as in any Spectrum Analyzer instrument. This happens each time instantaneous (peak) power of the signals in the 5 MHz IF bandwidth crosses around -35 dBm.m (45.d by 60 to get M. RF Solutions Group 27 Rev. How do you decode the GPS data to the proper format (degree. second)? Our scanner reports GPS Lat/Long in Radians. Minutes. C/I is than calculated as: C/I = C/(Io-C) Q GPS takes longer to lock than normal.d) then D. If the FAQ list does not answer your question or resolve the problem. and on usage some of the times the spectrum window show error message "RF attenuation is automatically tuned on".

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The calibration process is followed by a fully automated production test. This recommendation is based on our understanding of various factors that may affect accuracy of the measurement results. The calibration parameters are stored as single values or arrays in the scanners’ non-volatile memory. and internal noise levels for narrow and wide channel bandwidths.rfsg@pctel. RF Solutions Group 29 Rev.com support. ambient temperature. Automated test and calibration stations use proprietary software which performs the process with no or minimum human intervention. R .com nasales@pctel. Every unit that passes the calibration and test process successfully receives a Certificate of Calibration. Email Addresses Departments Product Feedback Customer Support RMA Coordinator Quality Manager North American Sales Global Sales Contact Information productfeedback@pctel. The following factors have been identified as potential sources of accuracy degradation: crystal oscillators’ aging.com quality. including PCTEL RF Solutions Group’s contacts.com PCTEL. LC and ceramic filters’ part value change (due to aging. The SeeGull® scanning receivers are calibrated for several sources of variations including amplitude levels. input frequency.com rma@pctel.com globalsales@pctel. Contact Information Phone Numbers Departments Marketing/Product Feedback Customer Support Quality Manager North American Sales Government Sales Contact Information 301-444-2006 240-460-8833 301-444-2045 301-467-4549 301-444-2015 Warranty Information Terms of Warranty Refer to PCTEL RF Solutions Group’s Terms & Conditions of Sale for warranty terms. in some cases recalibration is necessary. The test results are stored in a central quality database and they are extracted and used for periodic quality audits. warranty information. as an example). Although our experience has been that in most cases the units coming back for recalibration are still well in the specified accuracy margin. This Certificate is shipped back with the unit. Support This section provides support information. and technical specifications. amplifier stages’ gain drift.rfsg@pctel. calibration notice.SeeGull® LX Manual: Support 7. Calibration Notice PCTEL recommends a yearly re-calibration of its scanning receivers.

3. Alternatively. then Support. Please ship the unit to: PCTEL. the serial number and protocol of the unit. Suite 200 Germantown. or the next working day. MD 20876 (301. It is highly recommended that PCTEL’s scanning receivers be returned to the factory annually to maintain the units’ exceptional measurement capability.pctel. Procedure for Returning a SeeGull® LX for Repair: 1. RF Solutions Group Attn: RMA Coordinator 20410 Observation Drive. 2. you can provide the information (your name and contact information. Complete the RMA form on the website at www. PCTEL. Units shipped without an RMA number can be returned to the customer without the unit being repaired.SeeGull® LX Manual: Support The complexity of the calibration process precludes field calibration. then RMA Support from the table.com Click on RF Solutions Group.2050) 4. and a description of the problem) via fax at +1 (301) 515-0037. RF Solutions Group 30 Rev. the company’s name and address. R . Reference PCTEL’s RMA number on all shipping documentation. A response including an RMA number and in-warranty or out-of-warranty information will be provided within 24 hours.444.

RF Solutions Group’s Product Offering This section describes all of the different receivers that PCTEL offers in its product line along with Software options. R .SeeGull® LX Manual: Product Offering 8. and Support. RF Solutions Group 31 Rev. Hardware options. For further information please contact your PCTEL sales or marketing representative. PCTEL. Scanning Receivers DUAL-BAND SeeGull® Receivers Ordering Code 06012 06020 06020N Product Name CDMA 2000 850/1900 DualBand GSM 850/1900 Dual-Band GSM 850/1900 Dual-Band w/ Navigation GSM 900/1800 Dual-Band w/ Navigation UMTS WCDMA 850/1900 DualBand EV-DO 850/1900 Dual-Band CDMA 2000 JAPAN 2100/850 Tri-Band SeeGull® Receivers Ordering Code 06030 Product Name Tri-Band GSM/WCDMA 900/1800/2100 Dual Mode GSM 850/1900 WCDMA 1900 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO CDMA 850/1900 EV-DO 850 Platform LX Platform 06033 06034 06035 06036 06037 LX 06038 LX LX 06039 06042 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO CDMA 850/1900 EV-DO 1900 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO CDMA 850/1900 EV-DO 850/1900 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO – CDMA/EV-DO 850 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO – CDMA/EV-DO 1900 Dual-Band WCDMA 1900/2100 Dual-Mode CDMA/EV-DO 450 Dual Mode GSM/WCDMA 850/1900 WCDMA Plus 2100 SeeGull® LX Receivers LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX 06023N LX Ordering Code LX LX LX 06001 06002 06003 06007 06010 06011 06013 06021 LX 06021N 06022 LX 06022N 06024N Product Name UMTS WCDMA 2100 UMTS WCDMA 1900 UMTS WCDMA 850 UMTS WCDMA 1800 CDMA 2000 850 CDMA 2000 1900 CDMA 2000 450 GSM 850 GSM 850 w/ Navigation GSM 1900 GSM 1900 w/ Navigation GSM 900 w/ Navigation Platform LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX 06004 06052 06056 06031 06032 PCTEL. Accessories.

Battery Pack Termination Power/232 Cable. RF Solutions Group 32 Rev.CDMA Japan Dual Band Hardware Options Ordering Code Product Name Platform Platform Ordering Code OP021 Product Name Power/232 Cable.CDMA Dual Band Sync Channel Timing . full battery kit and PC to single LX scanner cable Indoor Kit . with USB cable New SeeGull® Replacement Battery bag with Serial cable New SeeGull® Replacement Battery bag with USB cable New SeeGull® Replacement Battery Platform LX OP022 LX LX LX OP060 OP146 OP024 LX LX LX LX OP129 LX LX LX LX OP125 OP124 OP119 LX LX LX LX OP011 OP012 OP013 OP043 OP044 OP066 OP067 OP070 OP071 LX OP126 OP071J LX OP127 OP128 PCTEL.SeeGull® LX Manual: Product Offering 06025N 06050 06051 06054 GSM 1800 w/ Navigation EV-DO 850 EV-DO 1900 EV-DO 450 LX LX LX LX OP056 OP028 CDMA2000 HoldOver Option Distance Based Sampling Kit Accessories LX LX Options & Accessories Software Options Ordering Code OP001 OP005 OP010 Product Name BSIC Decoding (Single Band) BSIC Decoding (Dual Band) GSM BCCH Decoding (SingleBand) GSM BCCH Decoding (DualBand) C/I (Single-Band) C/I (Dual-Band) CDMA2K Code Domain (Single-Band) CDMA2K Code Domain (Dual-Band) Layer 3 Decoding CDMA Single Band Layer 3 Decoding CDMA Dual Band Sync Channel Timing . R . MM2 Universal Input AC/12VDC Adapter Indoor Kit .CDMA Single Band Sync Channel Timing .USB Includes bag.Serial Includes bag. Car-Lighter Termination Power/232 Cable. car-lighter termination – 6” Replacement Cable. with serial cable New SeeGull® battery pack and charger. metal. full battery kit and PC to dual LX scanner cable New SeeGull® battery pack and charger.

US New SeeGull® Replacement Battery Charger power cord. R . GPS. OP134 OP135 OP136 Ordering Code OPS05 Product Name Annual Calibration: SeeGull® LX Single-Band Platform LX PCTEL. *** Please Check with Your PCTEL Sales Representative for Lead-time Information. RF Solutions Group 33 Rev.SeeGull® LX Manual: Product Offering OP137 New SeeGull® Replacement Battery Charger power cord. 2100 MHz SingleBand Indoor Antenna. 806-960 MHz/ 1700-2500 MHz Dual-Band Magnetic Mount Antenna. 900 MHz/ 1800 MHz Dual-Band Indoor Antenna. SeeGull® LX Single-Band Extended Calibration Report. 850 MHz/ 1900 MHz Dual-Band Indoor Antenna. UK Antennas OPS06 OPS48 OP138 OPS52 OP139 OPS53 OP034 Antenna. Standard Lead-time is 30 Days 2. Magnetic Mount Antenna. SeeGull® LX DualBand Extended Calibration Report.806-960 MHz/1710-2500 MHz Dual-Band MAG MOUNT w/ GPS Antenna. 450 MHz SingleBand Support Options LX OPS54 OP078 LX OPS14 OPS15 LX OP079 OP123 OP133 LX OPS47 Annual Calibration SeeGull® LX DualBand Annual Calibration: SeeGull® LX TriBand / Dual-Mode Extended Calibration Report. 450MHz Single-Band Indoor Antenna. SeeGull® LX TriBand / Dual-Mode 1 Additional Yr Extended Warranty: SeeGull® LX 1 Additional Yr Extended Warranty: SeeGull® LX Dual-Band 1 Additional Yr Extended Warranty: SeeGull® LX Tri-Band / DualMode LX LX LX LX LX LX LX LX Notes: 1. EU New SeeGull® Replacement Battery Charger power cord.

Wireless Solutions • • • • • • • Interference & Propagation Measurements Data Collection Systems Scanning Receivers Transmitters Market Analysis Base Station Monitoring Custom & OEM Solutions Wireless Applications • • • • Network Optimization Co-channel Interference Indoor Test & Measurement Coverage Testing PCTEL.0036 Fax: +1 301.pctel. RF Solutions Group 20410 Observation Drive. multi-standard receivers as well as test and measurement solutions to the Wireless Industry Worldwide. MD 20876 USA Voice: +1 301.PCTEL’s RF Solutions Group (formerly DTI) is a leading supplier of high-speed. PCTEL’s RF Solutions Group maintains its world headquarters in the technology corridor located in Germantown. Our products are recognized for Worldclass speed and quality that help our customers thrive in a competitive environment.com Specification Subject to Change Without Notice. Maryland.515. Suite 200 Germantown. on the USA’s East Coast.515.0037 www. .

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