# Sharp crested weir

Assignment no. ICA-1 Module -MMD1002-N

B Engg (Hons) Civil Engineering
1 Teesside University

2.4 V-notch weir 1.3 Combination weir 1.Index 1.2.5 Minimum Energy Loss weir Aim of the experiment Theory and formula used Procedure Results Discussions Conclusion References 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 5 5 9 10 10 1.2.8 1.7 1.2.6 1.1 Introduction: 2 .2 Introduction Types of weirs 1.5 1.1 1.4 1.1 Broad-crested weir 1.3 1.

weirs are often referred to as notches and invariably are sharp edged and manufactured from thin plate material. This type of weir typically made by 1/4" thick or thinner metal plates. 1. The flow pattern over a notch or weir is complex and there is no analytical solution to the relationship between discharge and head so that once again a semi-empirical approach has to be used.1: Weir water flow 1. 1.2. 1. such as trapezoidal. For small scale applications.3 Combination weir: The sharp crested weirs can be identified into three groups as their geometry: a) the rectangular weir. Fig.1 Broad-crested weir: This weir has flat-crested structure with a long crest as compare to the flow thickness. they are of particular use in large scale situations such as irrigation schemes. canals and rivers.2 Types of weirs: 1.In open channel hydraulics.2. Upper edge of section is kept above water level.2. Combination of above mentioned weirs are generally taken for accurate flow measurement where wide range of flow rates occurs 1.4 V-notch weir: Small discharge values are measure by V-notch type weir. 1.2. 1. Rectangular. weirs are commonly used to either regulate or to measure the volumetric flow rate.2 Sharp crested weir or fayoum weir: Water falls cleanly away from the sharp crested weir.5 Minimum Energy Loss weir: Such type of weirs was developed to transfer fluid with minimal energy loss and afflux where total head is constant. V-notch and Cipolletti weirs come in these type weirs.2.3 Aim of the experiment: 3 . b) the V or triangular notch and c) special notches. circular or parabolic weirs.

Thin plate weir consist mostly rectangular notch. To regulate or to measure the volumetric flow rate weirs are used in open channel flows. Above given formula will be used for this purpose. To get over this problem a semi empirical approach is established. The flow over notch is complexes so no analytical relation can be generated to get relation between discharge coefficient and head. A comparison is made in calibration while taking data with the help of instruments and practically known approach. Discharge coefficient is defined as the ratio of flow rate practically calculated to flow rate theoretically calculated. A rectangular notch made by thin metal plate is put in a manner that water flow over it. Cd = Qact/Qth Another aim of experiment is the calibration of weir.4 Theory and formula used: A rectangular notch in a thin square edged weir plate installed in a weir channel as shown in figure 2. For same geometry discharge coefficient will be same. To minimize error any device must be calibrated. This is the benefit of calibrated instrument. 1. Here in present case.2: Rectangular sharp crested weir and it nomenclature The following are the formulas associated with the type of weir used for this laboratory report: • Actual Discharge Formula: 4 . Figure 1. calculate actual or practically determine flow rate and theoretical flow rate from weir and then get its coefficient of discharge.Aim of the experiment is the measurement of discharge coefficient and analysis of its relation with flow rate and depth of head by plotting graph and examine whether standard formulas for sharp crested weir suits or not. Calibration is called the validation of specific scientific method and technique to get correct measurement of equipment.