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UMTS Indoor Planning


UMTS Indoor Planning

Solutions for challenging environments

 What solutions exist to boost indoor coverage and capacity?
 Where should indoor antennas be mounted to avoid interference?
 How is pilot pollution minimized for indoor systems?
 How does noise in active antennas affect system performance?
 How is indoor traffic maintained with the indoor cell?
 How can indoor traffic migration to outdoor cells be avoided?
 How should an indoor fiber optic repeater system be optimized?
 When should an indoor macro site with a distributed antenna system be used?
 What indoor traffic models exist?
 How can power limitations be used to trade coverage to capacity?

While operators are rolling out UMTS networks to meet regulatory requirements for coverage, the great challenge to
provide indoor coverage remains. Even though existing UMTS networks in general feature very short cell distances,
indoor coverage often remains poor. The Widermind UMTS Indoor Radio Planning guides the participants in how to
improve indoor coverage and integrate it with the outdoor network.

Course description
The Widermind UMTS Indoor Radio Planning is a 2-day course based on experience from live UMTS Networks. The
course is advanced and provides a thorough understanding of the UMTS Operator’s great challenge of providing
indoor coverage. Different technical solutions are presented theoretically and in workshop sessions.

The advantages and disadvantages of providing indoor coverage by introducing Macro-, Micro- and Pico sites together
with antenna distribution systems, fiber optic repeater systems, active- and passive antennas are carefully analyzed.
The specific network solutions for different hotspot indoor environments are illustrated, calculated and discussed
along with different traffic models for indoor coverage.
WCDMA and cell planning fundamentals
• Coverage and capacity
• Load
• Network dimensioning
• Power Control

Indoor coverage by Micro/pico cells

• Capacity boosting for hotspots
• System design with leaky feeder
• System design with antennas
• Optimization of antenna locations
• Capacity optimization by power limitations
• Handover issues
• Optimizing systems for handover

Indoor coverage by repeater systems

• Repeaters and Fiber Optic Repeater Systems
• Capacity calculations and comparisons
• System Design
• Noise issues in uplink: calculations
• Noise issues in downlink: calculations
• Delay issues in WCDMA: calculations
• Tuning and optimization

Miscellaneous solutions
• Radio head system for multi operator
features, reference system
• Active antennas: features, possibilities and
• Passive antennas: possibilities and limitations

Case studies with calculations

• System design with coverage-, capacity-, and
handover issues
• Office buildings
• Subway systems
• Exhibition halls
• Road tunnels

Several practical case studies are performed, from the planning stage
through the system tuning and optimization phase. It is also discussed
how the antennas should be placed and how traffic generated by an
indoor cell can be maintained with that cell. The course also describes how
interference can be minimized and how coverage can be traded against
capacity in office environments by e.g. power limitations.

Who should attend?

UMTS Indoor Radio Planning is valuable to everybody involved in UMTS
radio network planning, and especially those working with indoor

The course is advanced and should be regarded as a continuation of the
Widermind course “UMTS Radio Network Planning”. Hence it is strongly
recommended that the participants have a thorough understanding of
radio network planning for UMTS and of the WCDMA air interface.
Widermind AB
Artillerigatan 6
SE-114 51 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46 8 459 21 70
Fax: +46 8 459 21 71