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Basic Volleyball Rules

The Serve

• Server must serve from behind the end line until after contact
• Ball may be served underhand or overhand
• Ball must be clearly visible to opponents before serve
• Served ball may graze the net and drop to theother side for point
• First game serve is determined by a volley, each subsequent game shall be served by the previous game
• Serve must be returned by a bump only. no setting or attacking a serve


• Rally scoring will be used.

• There will be a point scored on every score of the ball.
• Offense will score on a defense miss or out of bounds hit.
• Defense will score on an offensive miss, out of bounds hit, or serve into the net.
• Game will be played to 25 pts.
• Must win by 2 points.


• Team will rotate each time they win the serve

• Players shall rotate in a clockwise manner
• There shall be 4-6 players on each side.

Playing The Game

• Maximum of three hits per side

• Player may not hit the ball twice in succession (A block is not considered a hit)
• Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on serve
• A ball touching a boundary line is good
• A legal hit is contact with the ball by a player body above and including the waist which does not allow the
ball to visibly come to a rest
• If two or more players contact the ball simultaneously, it is considered one play and the players involved
may not participate in the next play
• A player must not block or attack a serve
• Switching positions will be allowed only between front line players. ( After the serve only )

Basic Violations

• Stepping on or over the line on a serve

• Failure to serve the ball over the net successfully
• Hitting the ball illegally ( Carrying, Palming, Throwing, etc. )
• Touches of the net with any part of the body while the ball is in play. If the ball is driven into the net with such
force that it causes the net to contact an opposing player, no foul will be called, and the ball shall continue to be in
• Reaching over the net, except under these conditions a) When executing a follow-through b) When blocking
a ball which is in the opponents court but is being returned ( the blocker must not contact the ball until after the
opponent who is attempting to return the ball makes contact). Except to block the third play
• Reaches under the net ( if it interferes with the ball or opposing player )
• Failure to serve in the correct order
• Blocks or spikes from a position which is clearly not behind the 10-foot line while in a back row position

The Court

• Both indoor and outdoor courts are 18 m x 9m

• Indoor courts also include an attack area designated bya line 3 m back from the center line

Net Height

• Net height for men, co-ed mixed 6 is 2.43 meters

• Net height for women is 2.24 m

Regulation court
The regulation volleyball court will be 9 meters wide by 18 meters long, which computes to
approximately 30 feet by 60 feet. There is a frontcourt and backcourt on each side, with the 10 foot long
frontcourt twice as small as the 20 foot long backcourt. The height of the net is different for men than it is
for women. The men will have the top of the net set at 2.43 meters, or 8 feet, while the women play with
the net set at 2.24 meters, or 7.4 feet. The volleyball net is supported by two posts that are 8 feet 3 inches
high. The net itself stretches for 31.5 feet across the court and is 3 feet from the top to the bottom.
 Two types of scoring are used in volleyball. The sideout scoring system is quickly being replaced at
nearly all levels of volleyball by the rally point scoring system. In sideout scoring the team serving is the
only one that can score a point and the teams play to 15 points per game. Matches that go to best two of
three or to best three of five will see the scoring go to the rally point system in the tie-breaking deciding
contest. In the rally point scoring system a point is scored on every serve, or rally. Games go to 25 points
under this system with both systems requiring that the winner of a deciding contest win by at least two
Basic serving rules
 The play begins when a player serves the ball from the back right-hand portion of the court. Volleyball
serves consist of throwing the ball up and then hitting it with one hand in an attempt to get it over the net.
The serve can be underhand or overhand, with overhand serves dominating the higher echelons of the
sport. A player gets one chance to serve and he or she may move about the service area and even jump
while trying to serve. The player cannot cross the end line of the court, however, before serving the ball. If
the serve hits the net and drops over onto the opposing court, the serve is legal and a point is scored for
the serving side. Serves that are not touched by the opposition and go out of bounds after crossing over
the net are not legal and the opposing side will garner a point under the rally scoring system. A player
serves until their side cannot successfully return the ball to the opposing side.
Volleying rules
 When a ball comes over the net, a team must try to return it to the other side before it hits the floor.
Players can hit the ball back to the other side but in most instances they will keep the ball alive on their
own side of the net so that another teammate can forcefully return it over the net. Balls that are hit by two
players at once from the same side cannot be touched by those players again until another teammate has
hit it. Balls hitting the net are in play and if a ball touches the floor on a boundary line of the court it is
ruled to be inbounds. Players cannot block serves at the net. Players are also not allowed to touch the net
while the ball is in play or reach over the net unless following through after hitting the ball or when
attempting to block a returned ball from the other team.
Read more: Volleyball Regulations & Rules |