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C 45 E/84 Official Journal of the European Union EN 23.2.

2006

Thursday 28 April 2005

2. A groundwater quality standard shall represent the concentration of a pollutant, exceedance of which
would indicate a risk that:
(a) one or more of the conditions set out in Table 2.3.2 of Annex V to Directive 2000/60/EC are not
being met; or
(b) drinking water supplies are not being protected in accordance with Article 7 of Directive 2000/
60/EC.

ANNEX III

QUALITY STANDARDS
FOR GROUNDWATER POLLUTANTS

Part A.1:
Minimum list of pollutants for which Member States
are required to establish groundwater quality standards
in accordance with Article 5

Substance or ion Comment

Ammonium Minimum list of substances or ions occurring naturally or


Arsenic as a result of human activities.
Cadmium
Lead
Mercury
Trichloroethylene
Tetrachloroethylene

Part A.2:
Minimum list of indicators for which Member States
are required to establish groundwater quality standards
in accordance with Article 5

Substance Comment

Chloride
Sulphate
Aluminium

Part B:
Information to be provided by Member States with regard to
the list of pollutants for which groundwater quality standards
have been determined

In accordance with Article 5 and section 1 of Annex II, for each of the pollutants that characterise bodies of
groundwater as being at risk, and were introduced for national quality standards relating to good chemical
status, Member States shall provide as a minimum the following information:

1. Information on bodies of groundwater characterised as being at risk


1.1. Information on the number of bodies of groundwater characterised as being at risk in which
pollutants occur for which groundwater quality standards have been laid down at national
level.
23.2.2006 EN Official Journal of the European Union C 45 E/85

Thursday 28 April 2005

1.2. Information on each of the bodies of groundwater characterised as being at risk for that reason,
in particular the size of the bodies, the relationship between the bodies of groundwater and the
associated surface waters and dependent terrestrial ecosystems, the use of groundwater as a
source of water for human consumption, and, in the case of naturally occurring substances, the
background levels in the bodies of groundwater.

2. Information on the establishment of groundwater quality standards

2.1. The groundwater quality standards, whether they apply at the national level, or at the level of
the river basin district, or for individual bodies or groups of bodies of groundwater.

2.2. The relationship between the groundwater quality standards and, in the case of naturally occur-
ring substances, the observed background levels.
Where there are no known background levels in groundwater for naturally occurring sub-
stances, the background levels shall be established according to the best professional estimate.

ANNEX IV

IDENTIFICATION AND REVERSAL OF SIGNIFICANT


AND SUSTAINED UPWARD TRENDS

1. Identification of significant and sustained upward trends


Member States shall identify significant and sustained upward trends, taking into account the following
requirements:

1.1. In accordance with Section 2.4 of Annex V to Directive 2000/60/EC, the monitoring programme
shall be adjusted to detect any significant and sustained upward trends of concentrations of the
pollutants identified pursuant to Article 3(1), (2) and (3), Article 5 and Annex I of this Directive.

1.2. The procedure for the identification of significant and sustained upward trends shall be based on
the following procedure:
(a) the evaluation of the measurements obtained from the monitoring programme shall be
based on an analysis of trends in accordance with a statistical procedure using the arith-
metic mean values during the sampling period at each individual measurement point in each
body or group of bodies of groundwater, as calculated on the basis of a quarterly, a half-yearly or
an annual monitoring frequency. It is necessary to ensure that the monitoring points are
comparable.
(b) in order to avoid bias in trend identification, all measurements below the limit of quantifi-
cation shall be assigned a value of half the quantification limit for the calculation.
(c) the minimum number of data values and the minimum length of time series are laid down in
the following table. The time series shall not exceed six years.

Minimum number of
Monitoring frequency Minimum number of years Maximum number of years
measurements

Annual 6 6 8
Half-yearly 5 6 10
Quarterly 5 6 15

(d) The missing of two or more subsequent data values should be avoided, and further require-
ments on the sampling scheme shall be considered to allow for calculations of reliable results.