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ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

(Electrical & Electronics Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE questions

All questions carry equal marks

?????

1. (a) Explain the various factors affecting the distribution system planning.

(b) Explain the following:

i. coincidence factor

ii. contribution factor

iii. loss factor

2. What are the various factors that are to be considered in selecting a primary feeder rating?

Describe the arrangement with suitable diagram.

3. (a) What are the various factors that are to be considered in selecting optimal location of a

substation?

(b) Compare the four and six feeder’s patterns in substation location.

4. Derive an approximate voltage drop & power loss equation of primary feeder and give the

condition for load p.f. at which voltage drop is maximum.

(a) Fuses

(b) Circuit breakers

(c) Line sectionalizer

(d) Circuit recloser.

6. (a) Explain the overall coordination procedure employed for protection of distribution systems.

(b) What is the need for coordination? Explain in detail.

(b) A 3-phase substation transformer has a name plate rating of 7500 kVA and a thermal

capability of 125% of the name plate rating. If the connected load is 8816 kVA with a 0.9

power factor (lagging), determine the following:

i. the kVAR rating of the shunt capacitor bank required to decrease the kVA load of the

transformer to its capability level

ii. The power factor of the corrected level.

8. (a) How an AVR can control voltage? With the aid of suitable diagram, explain its function.

(b) Briefly write the various methods adopted for voltage control.

?????

Code :R7410210 2

IV B.Tech I Semester(R07)Regular Examinations, November/December 2010

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

(Electrical & Electronics Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE questions

All questions carry equal marks

?????

1. Draw a block diagram in flow chart form for a typical distribution system planning process and explain

the techniques for distribution planning.

2. (a) Discuss the differences between radial and loop types of primary distribution feeders.

(b) Draw the single line diagram of radial type feeder and mention the factors that influences the

selection of primary feeder.

3. (a) How the rating of distribution substation can be calculated. Explain taking a general case with

‘n’ no. of feeders.

(b) Explain benefits derived through optimal location of substations.

4. (a) Prove the power loss due to the load currents in the conductors of single-phase lateral ungrounded

neutral case is 2 times larger than one in the equivalent three phase lateral.

(b) Consider a three phase, 3 wire 240V secondary with balanced loads at A,B and C as shown in

figure determine:

i. The voltage drop in one phase of lateral

ii. The real power per phase for each load

iii. The reactive power per phase for each load.

5. (a) The per values of positive, negative and zero sequence reactances of a network at fault are 0.08,

0.07 and 0.05 respectively. Determine the fault current if the fault is double line to ground.

(b) What is the main objective of distribution system protection? Explain in detail.

6. (a) Explain in detail how the co-ordination of various protective devices helps in improving system

performance.

(b) Explain Fuse-Recloser coordination.

7. (a) What are the differences between fixed and switched capacitors? What are their effects on dis-

tribution systems?

(b) Explain the procedure employed to determine the best capacitor location.

8. (a) Briefly explain the line drop compensation on voltage control.

(b) How do the shunt capacitors and reactors control the voltage? List the disadvantages of using a

shunt capacitor for voltage control.

?????

Code :R7410210 3

IV B.Tech I Semester(R07)Regular Examinations, November/December 2010

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

(Electrical & Electronics Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE questions

All questions carry equal marks

?????

(b) Obtain the relation between the load factor and loss factor.

2. (a) Draw the single line diagrams of radial type and loop type primary feeders and mention

various components.

(b) Discuss the basic design practice of the secondary distribution system.

3. (a) How do you analyze a substation service area with ‘n’ primary feeders ?

(b) Discuss how the rating of distribution substation is fixed.

4. (a) Prove the power loss due to load currents in the conductors of the 2-phase, 3 wire lat-

eral with multi-grounded neutral is approximately 1.64 times larger than the one in the

equivalent 3-phase lateral.

(b) In terms of resistance and reactance of the circuit, derive the equation for load power

factor for which voltage drop is minimum.

(b) Explain about the operation of Fuse.

(b) Explain Fuse-Circuit breaker coordination.

7. A 3phase transformer rated 7000kVA and has a over load capability of 125 % of the rating. If

the connected load is 1150 kVA with a 0.8 pf(lag), determine the following:

(a) The kVAR rating of shunt capacitor bank required to decrease the kVA load of the trans-

former to its capability level,

(b) The kVAR raring of the shunt capacitor bank required to correct the load p.f. to unity.

(c) The p.f. of the corrected level.

8. (a) Compare and explain the role of shunt and series capacitor in voltage control.

(b) Describe different types of equipment for voltage control with neat diagrams.

?????

Code :R7410210 4

IV B.Tech I Semester(R07)Regular Examinations, November/December 2010

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

(Electrical & Electronics Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE questions

All questions carry equal marks

?????

1. (a) Discuss in detail about residential and industrial loads and their respective characteristics.

(b) Discuss about the three factors which affect the distribution system planning in the near

future.

2. (a) Explain with neat sketches radial type and loop type sub transmission systems.

(b) Explain various factors that influence voltage levels in design and operation of the distri-

bution system.

3. (a) How the rating of distribution substation can be calculated. Explain taking a general case

with ‘n’ no. of feeders.

(b) Explain benefits derived through optimal location of substations.

4. Derive an approximate voltage drop & power loss equation of primary feeder and give the

condition for load p.f. at which voltage drop is maximum.

5. (a) Discuss the procedure for fault current calculation in following faults:

i. 3-phase fault.

ii. Single line-ground fault.

(b) Explain about the operation of a circuit breaker.

(b) Explain Recloser-Circuit breaker coordination.

7. A 3 phase transformer rated 7550 kVA and has a over load capability of 125 % of the rating.

If the connected load is 1200 kVA with a 0.85 pf(lag), determine the following:

(a) The kVAR rating of shunt capacitor bank required to decrease the kVA load of the trans-

former to its capability level,

(b) The kVAR rating of the shunt capacitor bank required to correct the load p.f. to unity.

(c) The p.f. of the corrected level.

8. (a) Compare and explain the role of shunt and series capacitor in voltage control.

(b) Describe different types of equipment for voltage control with neat diagrams.

?????

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