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Wireless network is a network set up by using radio signal frequency to communicate among computers and other network devices. Sometimes it’s also referred to as Wi-Fi network or WLAN. The main components of Wireless Networking are Wireless Router or Access Point and Wireless Clients. Access point is also called Hot Spot which means the area is quipped by Wireless Networking. All the other computers and devices connect themselves through WLAN to Access point. There are different hardware for Wireless Router and Wireless LAN Adapters which are the basic needs for Wireless Networking. There are different types of Wireless Networks like WAN,WLAN and PAN. They are differentiated according to cost, range and coverage. Wireless Networking uses Wireless Standards (802.11) which are crucial and important part of Wireless Networking. There are three Standards 802.11b, 802,11a and 802.11g.One of the most important part of Wireless Networking is Wireless Operating Mode. This shows us how Devices and Computers are connected to each other through Wireless Technology. Two basic modes which are defined by 802.11 Standards are infrastructure mode (Access point) and ad hoc mode (computer to computer).In Infrastructure mode there is a access point to which all other computers and devices are connected and share internet, information and data which in Ad Hoc mode ,there is no need of Access Point. Only WLAN enabled computers and devices connect themselves to each other. Basically this mode is used in small firm where each computer is in Reach of wireless signals. There are also advantages of Wireless Networking like cost efficient and sharing of information while in disadvantages Security issues and Signal Range are the big-problems.
Wireless Network:Wireless network is a network set up by using radio signal frequency to communicate among computers and other network devices. Sometimes it’s also referred to as Wi-Fi network or WLAN. This network is getting popular nowadays due to easy to setup feature and no cabling involved. You can connect computers anywhere in your home without the need for wires. It is basically worlds’ fastest growing technology and is now using everywhere. Multinational companies mostly use wireless networking system to keep their firms computers interconnected with each other and share information, resources and easy communication.
Main Components of Wireless Networking:The two main components of wireless networking are Wireless router or access point and Wireless LAN Clients. There is difference in Wireless router and Access point. If you have not set up any wired network, then just get a wireless router and attach it to cable/DSL modem. You then set up wireless client by adding wireless card to each computer and form a simple wireless network. You can also cable connect computer directly to router if there are switch ports available. If you already have wired Ethernet network at home, you can attach a wireless access point to existing network router and have wireless access at home.
Wireless Router:A wireless router is a device in a wireless local area network (WLAN) that determines the next network point to which a packet should be forwarded toward its destination. A wireless router works in the same way as the router in a hard-wired home or business local area network (LAN), but allows greater mobility for notebook or portable computers.
access points support "infrastructure" mode. Although very small WLANs can function without access points in so-called "ad hoc" or peer-to-peer mode. Access points act as a central transmitter and receiver of WLAN radio signals. many newer access points support up to 255 clients. dedicated hardware devices featuring a built-in network adapter. This mode bridges WLANs with a wired Ethernet LAN and also scales the network to support more clients.• ASUS WL-AM604G WIFI ROUTER + ADSL2 • LINKSYS WRT-54G2 LINKSYS WIRELESS-G BROADBAND ROUTER • LINKSYS WRT-160N WIRELESS-N BROADBAND ROUTER • NETGEAR DG834G WIFI G ROUTER + DSL MODEM Wireless Access Point:Wireless access points (APs or WAPs) are specially configured nodes on wireless local area networks (WLANs). and radio transmitter. 3|Page . Access points support Wi-Fi wireless communication standards. antenna. Access points used in home or small business networks are generally small. Older and base model access points allowed a maximum of only 10 or 20 clients.
Wireless LAN clients or networking clients are those clients which connect themselves to the network for the shared information. uses such type of hardware to get access to the wireless networking. data. Hardware Types of Wireless LAN Adapters:There are many types of Wireless LAN Clients Adapter through which we can connect to the wireless networks.• LINKSYS WAP200 WIRELESS-G ACCESS BOOSTER • NETGEAR WG602 WIFI G ACCESS POINT • NETGEAR WN802T WIFI N ACCESS POINT POINT + RANGE Wireless LAN Clients:They are similar to normal LAN clients. 4|Page . resources and easy communication. Desktop computers which do not have built in WLAN. The only difference is Normal Clients uses wired connection for connecting themselves with network while wireless Lan Clients uses wireless technology (no wire) to connect them to the network. Some types are discussed here Wireless Adapter for Computer Users:These are such hardware’s which are used in desktop computers in order to connect them to the wireless network.
then you can consider using USB wireless adapter. if you want to share wireless adapter with other computers. The size is pretty small and looks like USB thumb drive. You can just plug/unplug the USB wireless adapter on the computer you wish to have wireless access. Notebook computer without WLAN hardware use Wireless PCMCIA card in order to connect to wireless network. • • Linksys WPC11 Wireless-B Notebook Adapter NETGEAR WAG511 Dual Band Wireless PC Card USB Wireless Adapter:Whether you are computer or notebook user.• ASUS PCI-G31 WIFI PCI LAN CARD Wireless PCMCIA card for Notebook Users:It is basically used in notebook computers. • ASUS WL-167G WIFI USB LAN CARD 5|Page .
Sometimes this device is not only working as a repeater. This device is also referred as wireless range extender. Some better repeaters also able to improve wireless transmission rate.11b/g support if you have mixed wireless network at home. In terms on how to locate the repeater. The repeater is best used to provide wider wireless coverage to reach those distant. D-Link DWL-G800AP wireless repeater is one of the example built with both features. you should locate it at the edge of your wireless network to better expand the wireless range. Having both features would add the flexibility of the usage.• NETGEAR WG111T WIFI G USB Wireless Repeater:It's a device usually used to extend wireless coverage in wireless network by repeating the wireless signal generated by wireless router/access point. Make sure you select the one with 802. D-LinkDWL-G800AP wireless repeater 6|Page . Most of the time the repeater would give you the best performance if the one you purchased is from the vendor same as your wireless router/access point. but also can act as wireless access point. The wireless standard supported is usually 802. booster or expander by some vendors.11g or 802.11b/g. hard-to-reach areas at your home where cabling is impractical.
If you are a very large. powerful organization.Wi-Fi Hotspot:A Wi-Fi hotspot is a wireless access point that provides Internet access to network devices in public locations such as downtown centers. especially if you buy a large number of cell phones from them. (WAN)Wide area networks that the cellular carriers create 2. at first by overlaying digital data services on top of the early analogue voice services. airports and hotels. and they also control Quality of Service (QoS). Although we used wireless network loosely but there are in fact three different types of wireless networks. cafes. that you create 3. Suffice it to say. 1. and later by building out brand new generation voice-plus-data networks. Home wireless networks also use similar Wi-Fi technology. Different Types of Wireless Networks:There are different types of wireless networks which are mainly used. the carriers may add additional network resources in your corporate tower. that create themselves Wide Area Networks:Wide Area Networks include the networks provided by the cell phone carriers Mobilink. Originally providing cellular voice services. wireless data services are available just about everywhere you can use a voice cell phone The carriers determine where to provide coverage based on their business strategy. Wateen. (WLAN)Wireless local area networks. Businesses and schools are increasingly using Wi-Fi hotspots for their internal (intranet) networks. the carriers added data services as well. (PAN)Personal area networks. 7|Page . Ufone.
whether they are in the office. or you want to give your employees wireless access to your corporate data.11b. and a later article will describe our adventures during an International War driving Day. In practice. or (in some cases) in other countries. or field maintenance staff. out of town. Our region has its share of war drivers. updated to EDGE in 2008 • 1XRTT (usually called 1X) .the voice plus data network technology offered Telenor. you have complete control over where coverage is provided. so anyone can create their own wireless LAN.the latest voice plus data network technology offered by PTCL wireless(Vfone) • Both of these networks are completely incompatible with one another. In principle. Wireless Local Area Networks:Wireless LANs are networks are set up to provide wireless connectivity within a finite coverage area. students. • 8|Page . 802. or a gas plant. say in their home or office.this is the network technology used in wireless LANs. and reach is restricted.. including: 802.11a. coverage spills over into the street outside exposing you to a particular range of vulnerabilities. Typical coverage areas might be a hospital (for patient care systems). They usually have a well-known audience in mind.Reach is important if you are providing wireless solutions to the public at large. etc. Wireless LANS work in an unregulated part of the spectrum. Wireless LANs have their own share of terminology. the airport. provided he is on the hospital premises. for example. you would require a high data rate to send patient X-rays wirelessly to a doctor. differing in speed and other attributes • Wi-Fi . Deliberately seeking WLAN vulnerabilities is called war driving.a common name for the early 802. In fact. You would use WLANS when high datatransfer rate is the most important aspect of your solution. across town. in a hospital setting.11 . for example health care providers.11b standard. For example. it is a family of technologies such as 802. a university. Some technical terms GSM/GPRS .
which devices then use. If the doctor's handheld was also Bluetooth enabled. PAN technologies add value to other wireless technologies. networks are set up first. a wireless LAN in a hospital may allow a doctor to see a patient's chart on a handheld device. In the Personal Area Network case. or a cell phone's hands-free headset to be connected wirelessly to the cell phone. The most talked about (and most hyped) technology is called Bluetooth. but this range allows a computer to be connected wirelessly to a nearby printer. For example. This idea of wireless devices discovering each other is a very important one. In the WAN and WLAN cases. and appears in many guises in the evolving wireless world. Common Wireless Network Types:Major types of wireless networks include: CDPD HSCSD PDC-P GPRS 1xRTT IrDA 9|Page Cellular Digital Packet Data High Speed Circuit Switched Data Packet Data Cellular General Packet Radio Service 1x Radio Transmission Technology Type of PAN Bluetooth Type of PAN . he could walk to within range of the nearest Bluetooth enabled printer and print the chart. If you ever use Infrared (IR) to exchange data between laptops. and the network is dissolved when the devices pass out of range. Personal Area Networks are a bit different than WANs and WLANs in one important respect. The participating devices establish an adhoc network when they are within range.Personal Area Networks:These are networks that provide wireless connectivity over distances of up to 10m or so. At first this seems ridiculously small. although they wouldn't be the primary driver for a wireless business solution. there is no independent pre-existing network. you will be doing something similar.
but each has its advantages and disadvantages according to Wireless Range known ad Reach and Data Transfer Rate.11b and 802. 802. the IEEE 802 committee extended the 802. However the interference can be avoided by placing 802. Being an unregulated frequency. It became popular due to low setup cost and bandwidth support up to 11Mbps in the 2.11g are three popular wireless communication standards.11a.11b:In September of 1999.11a is not popular due to the slow availability of the 5 GHz components needed to implement products by vendor.11b. The maximum bandwidth supported by original 802. cordless phones. more expensive cost and not compatible with 802. The higher frequency also makes 802. Wireless networks can be built using any of the three.11b device a reasonable distance from other devices. 802.11a:802. 802.4 GHz band. you need to understand 802.11 Wireless Standard:Before setting up wireless network.11 wireless standards that can be used. 802. microwave ovens and other devices using the same 2.11a was created the same time with 802.11 standards is only 2Mbps.11 standard. 10 | P a g e .4GHz S-Band Industrial. and Medical (ISM) frequency range.11b with the ability to support 55Mbps in the 5GHz band. created 802. 802. Scientific.11 Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service Local Multipoint Distribution Service Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access Wi-Fi 802.11a signals have more difficulty to penetrate walls and other obstructions. 802.MMDS LMDS WiMAX 802.11b standards.11b device can suffer interference from other wireless users.
11a/g.11 standards specify two operating modes: infrastructure mode (Access point) and ad hoc mode (computer to computer). Although several vendors already started to release 802.4 GHz range.11b products because they both use the same radio frequency (2. Infrastructure mode:11 | P a g e . such as Wi-Fi Protected Access (WAP) and WPA2 authentication with pre-shared key or RADIUS server.11a is that it operates at a radio frequency that's less clogged by competing signals from other wireless users.11g also provides better security features.11n standard. 802.11b is not compatible with 802.11g:Due to 802. but the cost is expensive and yet to be evaluated.11a and there are needs for higher bandwidth.11b products. 802.11b. Wireless Operating Mode:The IEEE 802.4GHz band.11n products.11a is usually found on business networks whereas 802. 802.11g device a reasonable distance from other devices You might heard about 802.11g was ratified in June 2003 to provide high data rate and maintain backward compatibility with 802.11g supports bandwidth up to 55Mbps in the 2.11b.11g wireless router will be able to talk to 802.11g standard based on slightly higher cost but with higher bandwidth and better security features comparing to 802. but can be avoided by placing 802. 802. 802. 10 times faster than 802.11b wireless adapter.However the advantage of 802.11g also suffers from the same interference as 802. 802. it’s a new standard that currently developed by IEEE and can provide bandwidth up to 540Mbps. Its maximum bandwidth is higher as well comparing to 802. If you want to set up wireless network. 802.11b better suits the home network. Again. cordless phones and microwave ovens. I would recommend you to use 802.4GHz) to transmit data over the airwaves.11b in the already crowded 2.11g is compatible with 802. it means 802.
to an existing wired network with the help from wireless router or access point. also known as wireless clients. data sharing or centralized computer management. Infrastructure mode is used to connect computers with wireless network adapters. without the need for a wireless router or access point. the computers containing wireless adapter are connected with each 12 | P a g e .The clients must have wireless adapter. An ad hoc network consists of up to 9 wireless clients. In this mode. This mode generally requires wired internet or network connection. the internet connection is provided by wired connection from Cable/ DSL Modem to wireless router which then shared the wireless internet to the other computers (clients). hardware resources. Ad hoc mode:Ad hoc mode is used to connect wireless clients directly together. This mode is generally used in organizations. In this mode. DSL Mode or Wireless Router and WLAN enabled computers or separate WLAN cards. firms and small business units to connect computers with each other trough Access point for the sharing of information.This is the most widely used mode. which send their data directly to each other.
having the equal rights and can share their hardware resources. This mode is mostly used to reduce the cost of networking. Basically used in small firms or business unit where computer can easily connect with each other in wireless range. It is mainly peer to peer networking in which all the devices and computers connected to each other. Setting up Infrastructure Wireless Network in Windows XP:Requirements:• • Wireless Router Client Computers with WLAN hardware 13 | P a g e .other without any wireless router or access point to share information’s and data and only works within a wireless range which is main drawback of this setup. data and information over wireless.
now it’s time to connect other computers with Wireless Router (access point). The configuration of router is usually available in the User support book provided with the router. Try to place the router in position that will best cover your wireless network. You can remove the cable after router configuration. Usually the higher you place the antenna. use another straight cable to connect router’s LAN port to your computer’s Ethernet port. 2) To connect the client computer with Wireless Router. 3) After that. Also you need to ensure that your cable/DSL modem is configured in bridge mode. the better the performance will be. so that it can work well after connecting to router. Clients Computers:1) After setting the Wireless Router completely. first go to control panel and the click on Network Connections. if no WLAN Built-In Computer Connecting Wireless Router:1) You need to physical set it up first. 14 | P a g e . The reason for connecting wireless router to your computer is to configure the router for the first time through web.• WLAN separate hardware. Usually there are up to 4 or 5 LAN ports for you to connect to computers with network cable. 2) Connect your cable/DSL modem to the WAN port of your wireless router by using straight Ethernet cable.
here the window of Wireless Network Connection will pop up.3) Double click on Wireless Network Connection (WLAN Adapter). 15 | P a g e .
The wireless adapter will connect itself with the Access point(Wireless Router) 16 | P a g e . Here you will see the available network names in Choose a wireless network box. 5) Click on available wireless network in range and press connect tab.4) In Network Tasks. refresh network list.
Now the WLAN enabled computer is connected to Wireless Router. Setting Up Ad Hoc Wireless Network in Windows XP:Requirements:17 | P a g e .
If you have 3 computers. Note: You can also use the configuration tool provided by wireless adapter manufacturers to configure ad hoc wireless network. Click Wireless Networks tab.2 and 192. 18 | P a g e .255. and then these computers should be able to access Internet.168.3 to each computer with net mask 255.168.255. 2) Wireless Network Connection Properties will appear. After that click advanced button.168. here I tick Use Windows to configure my wireless network settings. Note: Please enable this host computer's ad hoc configuration on ICS host computer if you want to use Microsoft's Internet Connection Sharing feature.0. Check how to set IP here if you are not too sure. you can simply assign 192.0. Host Computer Configuration:1) Let’s start with the configuration.0. 192.1. right click wireless adapter and then click properties. here I will choose one computer to start the configuration.0. Note: If you have Internet Connection Sharing enabled on host computer. you can just set each client computer to obtain an IP address automatically.Computers with WLAN compatible Hardware DSL/Cable Modem IP Address Allocation:You need to allocate the IP address to each computer that involves in this ad-hoc wireless network.
Note: Don’t tick automatically connect to non-preferred networks in order to ease the configuration. Select Computer-to-computer (ad hoc) networks only option. 19 | P a g e . Click Close at last.3) Advanced window will appear.
4) After that. 5) Name your ad hoc network. Click OK at last. click Add to add new ad hoc wireless network. Try to use open authentication without encryption first. here I use home-ad hoc. 20 | P a g e . only proceed to enable WPA or WEP encryption. 6) Now you will see your created ad hoc network (PC card icon) in preferred networks list. After tested it works well. You have finished configuring this host computer.
2) You then right click wireless adapter to view available wireless networks. proceed to connect to it. you should be able to connect to this ad hoc wireless network 21 | P a g e . you only need to set its wireless adapter to use Windows to configure its network settings and enable Computer-tocomputer (ad-hoc) networks only. you will see your ad hoc wireless network. Simply follow step 2 and 3 on host computer configuration above to get it done. At this stage.Client Computer Configuration:1) On other client computers.
hubs and switches are extremely reliable. none of these options pose any more difficulty than. and whether internal or external modems are used. these products are relatively new. Laptops and other portable devices often enjoy greater mobility in wireless home network installations (at least for as long as their batteries allow). After hardware installation. However. mainly because manufacturers have been continually improving Ethernet technology over several decades. the remaining steps in configuring either wired or wireless LANs do not differ much. Some connection sharing software packages. but these are optional components of a wired LAN. When installing a wired LAN or moving any of the components later. wiring a home theater system. Broadband routers cost more. hubs and switches are very inexpensive. and their higher cost is offset by the benefit of easier installation and built-in security features. Cost:Ethernet cables. The correct cabling configuration for a wired LAN varies depending on the mix of devices. Loose cables likely remain the single most common and annoying source of failure in a wired network. Wireless:Ethernet cables must be run from each computer to another computer or to the central device. for example. some cost a nominal fee. Unlike other Ethernet gear. the type of Internet connection. It can be time-consuming and difficult to run cables under the floor or through walls. Reliability:Ethernet cables. Broadband routers have also suffered from some reliability problems in the past. especially when computers sit in different rooms. Both rely on standard Internet Protocol and network operating system configuration options. be sure to carefully check the cable connections. are free. like ICS. multi22 | P a g e . greatly simplifying the cabling process and minimizing unsightly cable runs.Wired vs. Some newer homes are pre-wired with CAT5 cable.
Broadband routers offer equivalent firewall capability built into the device. and high-speed Internet access for many years into the future. Security Issues:A wireless network is more vulnerable. Security:For any wired LAN connected to the Internet. Fast Ethernet should be sufficient for home file sharing. However.security systems which have been found to be vulnerable to intrusion. firewall software products like Zone Alarm can be installed on the computers themselves. Traditional Ethernet connections offer only 10 Mbps bandwidth. Wired Ethernet hubs and switches do not support firewalls. but 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet technology costs little more and is readily available. Another type of security for wireless networks is WPA . Use Ethernet switches instead of hubs to avoid this problem. a switch costs little more than a hub. Performance:Wired LANs offer superior performance. configurable through its own software. Wired LANs utilizing hubs can suffer performance slowdown if computers heavily utilize the network simultaneously. Many networks offer WEP . Although 100 Mbps represents a theoretical maximum performance never really achieved in practice. Though WEP does block some intruders. 23 | P a g e . The use of firewalls will help with security breaches which can help to fix security problems in some wireless networks that are more vulnerable. Broadband routers have matured over the past several years and their reliability has improved greatly. WPA provides more security to wireless networks than a WEP security set up. because anyone can try to break into a network broadcasting a signal. gaming.Wired Equivalent Privacy . firewalls are the primary security consideration.Wi-Fi Protected Access.function devices. the security problems have caused some businesses to stick with wired networks until security can be improved.
Printer / peripheral sharing:Once a home network is in place.Main Uses of Wireless Networking:File sharing:Network file sharing between computers gives you more felicity than using floppy drives or Zip drives.Many popular home computer games support LAN mode where friends and family can play together. if they have their computers networked. video sharing and other advanced features. multiple family members can access the Internet simultaneously without having to pay an ISP for multiple accounts. Multi-player games .Newer home entertainment products such as digital video recorders (DVRs) and video game consoles now support either wired or wireless home networking. but broadband Internet can handle the extra load with little trouble. • Internet telephone service . and documents. saving you money. • Home entertainment . too. and CD burners. Backups are one of the most critical yet overlooked tasks in home networking. music files. Not only can you share photos. it's easy to then set up all of the computers to share a single printer. you will still appreciate having shared dial-up on those occasions you really need it. you can also use a home network to save copies of all of your important data on a different computer.So-called Voice over IP (VoIP) services allow you to make and receive phone calls through your home network across the Internet. Other computer peripherals can be shared similarly such as network scanners. Sharing dial-up Internet connections works. Having these products integrated into your network enables online Internet gaming. • 24 | P a g e . Web cams. No longer will you need to bounce from one system or another just to print out an email message. You will notice the Internet connection slows down when several people share it. Internet connection sharing:Using a home network. Painfully slow sometimes.
2. you'll save substantial time and energy avoiding the cabling mess and going wireless. Businesses can afford to lay cable under their floors or inside walls. 3. No unsightly wires. on your porch. Computer Mobility. Wireless is the future. or wherever in the house is most convenient at the moment. You'll also be better prepared for future advances in network technology coming in the future. In building a wireless home network. you aren't chained to a network cord and can work on the couch. Notebook computers and other portable devices are much affordable than they were a few years ago.Main Advantages of Wireless Features:1. you'll learn about the technology and be able to teach your friends and relatives. Unless you own one of the few newer homes pre-wired with network cable. Wireless technology is clearly the future of networking. But most of us don't have the time or inclination to fuss with this in our home. With a mobile computer and wireless home network. 25 | P a g e .
com/kb/917021 http://www.com/tutorials/article.848 words.microsoft.References:Websites:http://www.wi-fiplanet. 15 sources Enable Your Workforce with True Anytime.php/1563991 http://compnetworking.com/computers/how-to-setup-a-secure-wirelessnetwork-in-your-home http://www.com/athome/organization/wirelesssetup.microsoft.howtodothings.home-network-help.html http://support.htm http://www.com/cs/wirelessproducts/a/howtobuildwlan.aspx Books:Wireless Web: A Manager's Guide Wireless Computing Primer Complete Idiot's Guide to Wireless Computing and Networking Published papers:Essay (General) # 55222:: Wireless Communication Networks Written in 2004. 3. Anywhere Connectivity Posted: 17 Nov 2009 | Published: 17 Nov 2009 26 | P a g e .about.com/wireless-setup.
........................................................10 Wireless Operating Mode:-............................................................................................................................................................13 Setting Up Ad Hoc Wireless Network in Windows XP:-..........................................................................7 802.....................................1 Main Components of Wireless Networking:-..............................................................................11 Setting up Infrastructure Wireless Network in Windows XP:-.......................................................................25 27 | P a g e ..........................17 ...........................................................24 Main Advantages of Wireless Features:-...................................................23 Main Uses of Wireless Networking:-...............Table of Contents Executive Summary:-.......................2 Hardware Types of Wireless LAN Adapters:-...................................................................................... Wireless:-..........................4 Wireless Repeater:-..........................................................................................................22 Security Issues:-..........................................................................................................7 Different Types of Wireless Networks:-.....11 Wireless Standard:-........................................................................... 21 Wired vs............................................................................................... 6 Wi-Fi Hotspot:-......................................................................................
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