ASSIGNMENT ON LEADERSHIP QUALITY

Submitted By: -ARIJIT KUNDU MBA (IIND Semester) Class Roll No.:- 09 Exam Roll: - BUR MBA No.:-2010/6

Subject: -- Managing Interpersonal And Group Processes (MIGP) Paper Code: -- HRD - 206

Guided By: -Mr. AMIR JAFAR

CENTRE FOR MANAGEMENT STUDIES (CMS)

THE UNIVERSITY OF BURDWAN BURDWAN (W.B.)

We also know leadership behavior occurs in political and organizational set-up. In Short. understands the dynamics of human behavior and takes the initiative to get to where you want to be. a leader may be required. Leadership is an interactive conversation that pulls people toward becoming comfortable with the language of personal responsibility and commitment. In fact in any given situation where a group of people want to accomplish a common goal. wherein the leaders may or may not be having formal authority but may exhibit leadership behavior by influence people to work towards common goals. Even in a non formal situation such as a group of our friends too. Leadership behaviour occurs in almost all formal and informal social situations.  Characteristic of Leaders:--  Adaptable of situations  Alert towards social situation  Cooperative  Decisive  Dependable  Assertive  Confident and persistent and  Knowledge . LEADERSHIP:-Leadership is an integral part of work and social life. Leadership is applicable to all facets of life: a competency that you can learn to expand your perspective. Sometimes we may have also seen how the change of situation leads to emergence of a new leader in a group. set the context of a goal.

Ratan Naval Tata B. Tata is India's largest conglomerate and includes the brands Tata Motors. Indian Hotels. Tata Steel. 1937 in Mumbai. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi D. Sourav Ganguly C. Tata Power. Indira Gandhi E. Ratan Naval Tata – Tata Group Chairman. was the founder of .  Profile:-Ratan Tata became the Chairman of the Tata Group in 1981 after serving as Chairman in charge of the Nelco division of the group. Types o f Leadership:--  Visionary Leader  Integration Leader  Fulfillment Leader  Transactional Leader  Transformational Leaders and  Charismatic Leader Five leaders are as below – A. as well as other brands labeled under the Tata name. His great grandfather. Ratan Tata was born on December 28. Jamsedji Tata. India in one of the richest families in the country. (Born – 28 of December. one of the largest conglomerate companies in India. Adolf Hitlar TH A. India / Lives India) Famous for: Being a wealthy billionaire Indian businessman and chairman of the Tata Group. 1937 Mumbai.

Tata's first job with the Group involved working with the Tata Steel division where he worked with the blue-collar employees shoveling stone and working with the furnaces. eventually purchasing the steel an aluminum producer. Tata became Director-in-Charge of the National Radio & Electronics Company Limited (Nelco) in order to help its struggling finances. Ratan Tata grew up in a broken household. a struggling textile mill within the Tata Group. however. This renewed financial success helped bring the Tata Group to the New York Stock Exchange and gave the company even more international power and prestige. He graduated with his bachelor’s degree in 1962 and joined the Tata Group in December of that same year.  Leadership Quality of Ratan Tata:-- 1. Lady Navajbai. after his parents split in the mid1940s and he and his brother were raised by their grandmother. In 1971. India. Ratan Tata helped build a better consumer electronics division but the economic recession and union strikes prevented his vision from taking hold. and he was moved to the Tata Industries. Instead.the Tata group and passed the power and inheritance down to his family. Motivation: Ratan Tata must always keep motivating his team mates for good work and should maintain healthy environment. to Tata's disappointment. With Tata Industries. it helped Ratan Tata gain a better understanding and appreciation for the business and he gradually began taking on more responsibility. Corus Group as well as Jaguar and Land Rover brands from the Ford Company. Ratan Tata continued to acquire different industries for the Tata Group. the mill was shut down and liquidated in 1986. Ratan Tata lives a very private life in Mumbai. Ratan Tata was able to transform the management and vision of the division and bring in significantly larger dividends. Tata was a good student and studied hard at the Campion School in Mumbai followed by studies in architecture and structural engineering at Cornell University. Ratan Tata renewed the vision for the mill but the larger Tata Group was not in agreement with his advice. He must give first priority to safety of workers. Tata was eventually moved to Empress Mills in 1977. another holding company. Although this original job was physically difficult. Motivating factor of Ratan Tata in leadership quality – • • • • • • Very Dignified Ethical Dependable Believes in keeping promises Loyal and believes in relationships Questioning in Unquestionable .

3. Ganguly got his big-break while playing for India on their tour of England.000 run landmark and only the 2nd Indian to cross that landmark after Sachin Tendulkar. Brian Lara. In the 1999 Cricket World Cup. (Born – 8TH of July. 1972 Kolkata. Sachin Tendulkar. Analysis part of Leadership Quality: Leadership quality which makes a person stands out different from other ordinary employees. He scored 131 runs and cemented his place in the Indian team. After a series of plays in different Indian domestic tournaments such as the Ranji and Duleep trophies. . he was involved in a partnership of 318 runs with Rahul Dravid. Ganguly was introduced into the world of cricket by his elder brother Snehasish. Come to peace with the fact that you will always have a camp of people who critique every decision you make. Dean Jones and Michael Bevan. Wisden ranked him the sixth greatest one day international (ODI) batsman of all time. which remains the highest overall partnership score in the World Cup tournament history. India / Lives India) Famous for: Aggressive behavior in the field. Pakistan and Australia. next to Viv Richards. It is associated with such a person who has aggressiveness in speech and action. Ratan Tata also has this leadership quality. 2. B. and captain of the Indian national team.• • Risk taker not a speculator Exemplary leadership qualities and tremendous motivator. Born into an affluent family. he is the 5th highest run scorer in ODIs and was the 5th person in history to cross the 10. Sourav Ganguly – Former Indian national cricket team captain. winning the Man of the Match awards. Ganguly's place in the team was assured after successful performances in series against Sri Lanka. Currently. love for employees and who can handle pressure under different circumstances and a person who is always ready to fight for the right of employee.  Profile:-Sourav Ganguly is a former Indian cricketer. Ability to Stand against Critics: As the success rate increase your critics multiply and become louder. He started his career by playing in state and school teams. Ratan Tata has this ability.

however he was selected to play in the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Indian captain Sachin Tendulkar resigned his position. After his retirement. Ganguly is credited with having nurtured the careers of many young players who played under him. and for his poor health. He soon received media criticism after an unsuccessful stint for county side Durham and for taking off his shirt in the final of the 2002 Natwest Trophy. An aggressive Captain. Later he explained that being at the receiving end of an unfair decision against him that threatened to ruin his international cricket career. he was dropped from the team in the following year. 2.Due to the match-fixing scandals in 2000 by other players of the team. Around this time. Due to a decrease in individual performance. he being at a receiving end of a raw deal that threatened to ruin his international . and had successful batting displays. He led India into the 2003 World Cup final.000 ODI runs to his credit. Indifference to Criticism: Gangly always took decisions which he felt right without caring for the critics’ sake. it enabled him to understand the insecurities of other newcomers in the team better than his predecessors. Ganguly continued to play for the Bengal team and was appointed the chairman of the Cricket Association of Bengal's Cricket Development Committee. with over 11. Influencing Quality: Ganguly's greatest legacy lay in his influence on the younger and budding generation of cricketers. He is India's one of the most successful Test Captain to date. It is perhaps this indifference to criticism that led to his omission from the team. He also said that every newcomer should be given at least five games to prove himself. he became involved in a dispute with Indian team coach Greg Chappell over several misunderstandings. Ganguly felt that every young player should play two years of domestic cricket before being selected for international assignments. Ganguly had always backed the influence and contribution of younger players of the team. after a home Test series against Australia. Ganguly was again dropped from the team. The same year. 3. Perhaps. The left-handed Ganguly was a prolific One Day International (ODI) batsman. where they were defeated by Australia. No personal Insecurity: Sourav felt that every young player should play two years of domestic cricket before being selected for international assignments. and Ganguly was made the captain of the Indian cricket team. one of India's highest awards. Ganguly joined the Kolkata Knight Riders team as captain for the Indian Premier League Twenty20 cricket tournament in 2008. winning 21 out of 49 test matches. He returned to the National team in 2006. he announced his retirement from cricket. He also said that every newcomer should be given at least five games to prove himself.  Leadership Quality of Sourav Ganguly:-1. Ganguly was awarded the Padma Shri in 2004.

For example. to make the space for the opening slot to accommodate Virender Sehwag and Sachin Tendulkar. until the advent of ‘MSD’. his persistence on Dravid hone up his skills as a wicketkeeper helped him not just to play an extra batsman/bowler but also won many a matches for India. He pioneered Satyagraha. India ) Famous for: Great Leader of India independence movement. 7. He along with Sachin helped Harbhajan and Zaheer hone up their batting skills which in the future has helped India save many matches from the Jaws of Defeat. Emotional Intelligence: He as a captain always believed in replying on the face and responding in an appropriate fashion. (Born – 2ND of Oct. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi – Pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India. 1948. Similarly. When Sourav was the captain. Visionary: His vision was to win the world cup for India and indeed came very close to win one after a gap on 20 years. 6. 5. Again. 4. This is defined as resistance to tyranny through mass civil .cricket career enabled Sourav to understand the insecurities of other newcomers in the team better than his predecessors. 1869 : Death– 30TH Jan. the prime example of this is his waving of the shirt violently from the balcony of Lords in 2002 to Andrew Flintoff. Nurturing Talent: He always wanted his players to develop skills for their and the teams’ betterment. Preference for Match Winners: Sourav relinquished himself.  Profile:-Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. Ganguly will most be remembered though for having forged a winning unit from a bunch of talented boys. C.

People show tremendous faith in such leaders. As a practitioner of ahimsa. During this time. Mahatma Gandhi did what he preached. 2. and undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and social protest. he never compromised with his integrity. he wrote articles for Indian newspapers about black people that some modern readers consider racist. in 1942. and urban labourers concerning excessive land-tax and discrimination. After his return to India in 1915. So it is very important for them to have good communication skills. Honest: A leader needs to be honest. or total nonviolence. he organised protests by peasants. and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. experimented for a time with a fruitarian diet. They should be able to establish a chord with the people so that the people feel comfortable in expressing themselves in front of the leader.disobedience. Later.  Leadership Quality of Mahatma Gandhi:-- 1. So a leader should always preach by his action. He ate simple vegetarian food. Gandhi swore to speak the truth and advocated that others do the same. woven from yarn that he had spun by hand himself. Tolerate Criticizers: . Good Communicator: A leader needs to communicate constantly. A leader has to show consistency in his words and deeds. In India he is also called Bapu. 2 October. Mahtma Gandhi was the good communicator. and worldwide as the International Day of NonViolence. he aimed to achieve Swaraj or the independence of India from foreign domination. farmers. This concept helped India to gain independence. is commemorated there as Gandhi Jayanti. This is why even British respected him. A heart-to-heart relationship with the people is a must for any leader. and increase economic self-reliance. He should not change his stance too often as it would confuse the masses and soon he will lose his credibility. during the resident Indian community's struggle there for civil rights. After assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921. Gandhi led nationwide campaigns to ease poverty. It is said that it is easy to preach but difficult to practice. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl. a philosophy firmly founded upon ahimsa. build religious and ethnic amity. Gandhi first employed civil disobedience while an expatriate lawyer in South Africa. expand women's rights. end untouchability. An honest leader is trustworthy. a national holiday. Above all. Gandhi spent a number of years in jail in both South Africa and India. Gandhi famously led his followers in the Non-cooperation movement that protested the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (240 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930. Gandhi is often referred to as Mahatma Gandhi. 3. he launched the Quit India civil disobedience movement demanding immediate independence for India. his birthday. He is officially honoured in India as the Father of the Nation.

He knew he had to create an event to make an impact and so he took his followers on a march that stirred popular psychology and used it along with his public relation skills. It is a common myth to relate the name Gandhi with Mahatma Gandhi. Jawaharlal Nehru. after finishing school. who gave her the name Priyadarshini (priya=pleasing. Situational Leadership Quality: Gandhiji advocated leadership styles which are dependent on the circumstances.  Profile:-Indira Gandhi was born on November 19. a school set up by Rabindranath Tagore.A leader should have the ability to withstand criticism and not get carried away by it. darshini=to look at). He should always work for the benefit of the people and should not try to please everyone. So a leader should tolerate the criticizers and should not allow his decision to be influenced by such criticism. Public Relation quality: On the occasion of Dandi March. was a pivotal figure in the Indian independence movement and the first Prime Minister of Independent India. Gandhiji had gone at the spot quietly which would have made a good impact. Indira joined Shantiniketan. Indira Gandhi . he launched his protests in a suit and tie. Her father was Jawaharlal Nehru and her mother was Kamala Nehru.Former Prime Minister of India (Born–19TH November 1917 : Death– 31TH Oct. 1917 into the politically influential Nehru Family. was a prominent Indian nationalist leader. 5. D. Mahtma Gandhi was this quality also. When Gandhiji was in South Africa. But when he came back to India he thought of Khadi and launched non-violent protests on a greater scale which shows that Gandhiji’s situational quality in leadership. It is not possible for any individual to please everyone. India) Famous for: Motivating factor. In 1934–35. 1948. Her father. Subsequently. she went to England and sat for the University . but her surname is from her marriage to Feroze Gandhi. Her grandfather. Motilal Nehru. A leader should have the ability to motivate others and should create a healthy environment around him. 4.

[4] and spent a few months at Badminton School in Bristol. Unusual Train in Leadership Quality: Indira Gandhi's stunning defeat in India's national election of March 1977 seemed to be a conclusive rejection of her leadership by the Indian electorate. She led the nation as Prime Minister during the decisive victory in the 1971 war with Pakistan and creation of an independent Bangladesh. the Indian army forcefully entered the Golden Temple. Gandhi soon showed an ability to win elections and outmaneuver opponents.of Oxford entrance examination. she served her father unofficially as a personal assistant during his tenure as the first Prime Minister of India. to remove armed insurgents present inside the temple. After her father's death in 1964 she was appointed as a member of the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and became a member of Lal Bahadur Shastri's cabinet as Minister of Information and Broadcasting. overbearing. What was even more stunning was her return to power in the election of January 1980. but she failed. and the Dominating—approaching the level of mildly dysfunctional. the Congress Party and Indira Gandhi herself lost the next general election for the first time in 1977. the Reticent. intimidating. it suggests exaggerated features of the basic personality pattern with the potential for a mild personality dysfunction. She introduced more left-wing economic policies and promoted agricultural productivity. Returning to India in 1941. and abrasive behavior. 2. It is associated with forceful. under Gandhi's order. Indira Gandhi led the Congress back to victory in 1980 elections and Gandhi resumed the office of the Prime Minister. she was frequently meeting Feroze Gandhi. whom she knew from Allahabad. She was assassinated on 31 October 1984 in retaliation for this operation. In June 1984. Kamaraj was instrumental in making Indira Gandhi the Prime Minister after the sudden demise of Shastri. Multifaceted Individual: The instrument for assessing the personality of Indira Gandhi's profile was compiled and adapted from criteria for normal personality types and pathological variants. A period of instability led her to impose a state of emergency in 1975. Due to the alleged authoritarian excesses during the period of emergency. she became involved in the Indian Independence movement. . the Contentious. 3. She married Feroze in 1942. the most sacred Sikh Gurdwara.  Leadership Quality of Indira Gandhi:-1. before clearing the exam in 1937 and joining Somerville College. Dominant Personality: The controlling style is a more inflated variant of the Dominant pattern. The then Congress Party President K. Gandhi emerges as a multifaceted individual with four of her personality scales—the Ambitious. Oxford. In the 1950s. Controlling individuals. and who was studying at the London School of Economics. During this period.

and cried and stamped her feet. During a visit to Nehru at Almora jail. she was asked by Krishna Menon to give a speech to the India League. 5. Even as a child. He was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945. abbreviated NSDAP). she was described as retiring and ill at ease in social settings. Assertive Quality: Biographical evidence supports these assertions and the high score yielded in this domain. and served as head of state as Führer und Reichskanzler from 1934 to 1945. This projects her strong assertive quality. Adolf Hitlar . 1945. including her father. E. 4. She was hesitant of confiding in anyone.” she went after them. Indira and her father quarreled. A decorated veteran of World War I.Former Chancellor of Germany (Born–20TH April.though often somewhat disagreeable. and she threatened not to see him for six months. particularly the police inspectors. During her stay at Oxford. He attempted a failed coup . she learned how to gain control of a situation by refusing to respond—verbally or in letters—to others. German) Famous for: Dictatorship rule  Profile:-Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei. tend to be emotionally stable and conscientious. Even at 42. when Indira saw the police snatching away the things she knew belonged to her “Mommy and Papu and Dadu. commonly known as the Nazi Party. she felt extremely lonely and was too proud to show it. She reluctantly agreed. Reticent and Self-Efficacious Quality: Indira Gandhi's reticent and self-effacing behavior could be observed since childhood. When she became an adolescent. and became leader of NSDAP in 1921. Hitler joined the precursor of the Nazi Party (DAP) in 1919. as a married woman and president of the Indian National Congress party. 1889 : Death– 30TH April. like a fury. but at the meeting she froze and was unable to utter a word.

anti-capitalism. a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism. Jehovah's Witnesses. Within three years. 1933. Allied armies had invaded German-held Europe from all sides. According to his so-called Leader Principle (Führerprinzip). It was this 'mission' achievable only for Hitler that allowed him to transcend bureaucratic processes and become 'charismatic'. he gained support by promoting Pan-Germanism. By 1944. Soviet prisoners of war. Hitler was imprisoned for one year due to the failed coup. After his release on December 20. people with disabilities. it was somewhat overshadowed by his unshakeable conviction in his own historical role. However. In the final days of the war. He was appointed chancellor on January 30. including an estimated six million Jews targeted in the Holocaust and between 500. To achieve this. the superior was to give the orders. Mein Kampf.d'etat known as the Beer Hall Putsch. anti-semitism. to avoid capture by Soviet forces.000 and 1. directing the resources of the state towards this goal. the subordinates to follow them to the letter. he pursued a foreign policy with the declared goal of seizing Lebensraum ("living space") for the Aryan people. Hitler often spoke of a 'mission' and claimed 'I go with the certainty of a sleepwalker along the path laid out for me by Providence'. Dictatorship quality: Hitler was. German forces and their European allies had occupied most of Europe.  Leadership Quality of Adolf Hitlar:-1. homosexuals. Hitler married his long-time mistress Eva Braun and. which occurred at the Bürgerbräukeller beer hall in Munich on November 8-9. which culminated in 1939 when the Wehrmacht invaded Poland. Charismatic Quality: Hitler gained this 'charismatic status' partially because of his political skill and magnetism. Hitler ultimately wanted to establish a New Order of absolute Nazi German hegemony in continental Europe. 2. added to the Poles. and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and propaganda. determined to command personally. including the systematic murder of as many as 17 million civilians.000 Roma. the two committed suicide less than two days later on 30 April 1945. and transformed the Weimar Republic into the Third Reich. the United Kingdom and France declared war against Germany. Nazi forces engaged in numerous violent acts during the war. and most of Northern Africa. ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward. leading to the outbreak of World War II in Europe. However. first and foremost.500. while imprisoned. This included the rearmament of Germany. In response. and the Japanese forces had occupied parts of East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. 1923. 1924. during the Battle of Berlin in 1945. with the reversal of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onwards. and wrote his memoir. He had experienced considerable success in cutting the unemployment figures and this was essential. At each level. Soviet civilians. In practice the command relationships . and other political and religious opponents.

5. 3. and that they would win battles in large part because of their racial and ideological superiority. He tended to reject any information that did not fit with his (often wildly inaccurate) preconceptions. that is. there always seemed to be another one to fight. 4. and no matter how many battles he won. As the briefing went on he would state his instructions verbally for his staff to take down and then issue as written orders. on very rare occasions at the front. Reliance on Instinct: Hitler shunned serious.were more subtle and complex. He supplemented that information by consulting with his field commanders. including the details of military operations. that his armies would win the war simply by winning battles. more often by telephone or by summoning them back to his headquarters. his was the nation that exhausted itself. Instead he relied on his 'instinct' and a belief that the will to win would overcome every obstacle in the end. comprehensive intellectual effort and was largely ignorant of military affairs and foreign cultures. especially at the lower levels. the actual direction of armies in the field. He never balanced ends and means at the national level. but Hitler did have the final say on any subject in which he took a direct interest. . In the end. Accuracy in Execution: Hitler had an incredible memory for detail and would become annoyed at any discrepancies. Megalomaniac in Nature: Hitler believed that war was his only tool.

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