# BUSBAR SYSTEM DESIGN PART 3

• CALCULATION OF FORCES GENERATED BECAUSE OF SHORT CIRCUIT • CALCULATION OF STRESSES • BUSBAR SUPPORT DESIGN

SHORT CIRCUIT FORCES ON BUSBARS CURRENT DIRECTION NATURE OF FORCE ATTRACTIVE × • × • × • • × ATTRACTIVE REPULSIVE REPULSIVE .

IN KA l = DISTANCE BETWEEN SUPPORTS a = CENTRE TO CENTRE CONDUCTOR DISTANCE .PEAK ELECTRO-MAGNETIC FORCES (A) BETWEEN PHASE CONDUCTORS Fm = 0. iP = PEAK VALUE OF 3 PHASE S/C CURRENT.02 ( iP )2 × l a Kgf WHERE.

iP = PEAK VALUE OF SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT.PEAK ELECTRO-MAGNETIC FORCES (B) BETWEEN SUB-CONDUCTORS 2 FS = 0.02 iP n × ls as Kgf WHERE. KA ls = DISTANCE BETWEEN SUPPORTS/STIFFENERS n = NUMBER OF SUB-CONDUCTORS PER PHASE as = EFFECTIVE CENTRE TO CENTRE DISTANCE .

3 36.4 18.2 16.53 9.2 31.4 18.3 28.8 39.4 203.35 25.2 33.5 54.0 28.9 14.5 59.8 60.9 - b d 9.0 29.7 16.2 101.5 22.1 31.1 50.8 24.4 38.5 54.1 19.8 50.2 27.5 49.5 76.8 63.0 19.3 43.7 110.8 27.0 21.4 33.9 26.6 .7 10.7 90.9 46.7 21.4 29.8 35.8 45.1 17.3 44.8 23.53 12.1 23.8 82.4 14.5 63.1 35.4 6.3 20.1 66.9 12.6 127 152.9 25.TABLE FOR FINDING‘as’ b SECTION d 6.53 12.2 254 d 18.1 33.4 38.4 50.1 25.1 42.

FORMULA FOR DETERMINING ‘as’ 1 as K12 K13 K14 + + +…+ a12 a13 a14 Kin ain = .

FACTOR Kis FOR DETERMINING ‘as’ Kis ais/d .

Z Fm × l 8Z = SECTION MODULUS n d2 b = = 6 n d b2 6 FOR HORIZONTAL ORIENTATION FOR VERTICAL ORIENTATION .STRESSES CREATED BY SHORT CIRCUIT FORCES (A) STRESSES BECAUSE OF S/C FORCES BETWEEN PHASE CONDUCTORS σm = WHERE.

STRESSES CREATED BY SHORT CIRCUIT FORCES (B) STRESSES BECAUSE OF S/C FORCES BETWEEN SUB-CONDUCTORS σS = F S × ls 16 ZS d2 b 6 WHERE. ZS = .

STRESSES CREATED BY SHORT CIRCUIT FORCES TOTAL STRESS ON BUSBAR CONDUCTORS σTOTAL = σm + σ S .

STIFFENERS l lS K=1 lS K=2 lS K=3 lS = 0.5 l .25 l lS = 0.33 l lS = 0.

DESIGN OF INSULATING SUPPORTS AREA OF SMC REQD. = PEAK FORCE × SAFETY FACTOR STRENGTH OF SMC .