Athens, the City of wisdom, of intellect and wit

"Our city (Athens) is acknowledged as the most ancient, the largest and the most famous one in the entire world. (Isocrates "Festive", 23 -25)

Athens, Acropolis

The Parthenon, Acropolis

General view of Athens, Acropolis, odium etc

The city of the Athenians, according to Apollothoros (ancient writer), was built by the king of Attica Kekrops, who reigned according to the Pario Chronicle the year 1318 prior to the Diognito = 1582 b.C., and for the city·s name invited the Gods to compete.

First came to compete the god of the sea, Poseidon, who proposed to king Kekrops that the city be named after him, that is to say be named "Poseidonia" and as a reward he would declare the city ruler of the seas. Of course, in order to prove the validity of his commitment he struck with his trident the enormous rock of the hill (the rock of Acropolis) and from this action immediately sprung seawater.

Afterwards came Athena, the goddess of wisdom, the goddess Athena.

The goddess Athena proposed that the city be named after her, that is to say be named "Athena" and that she would reward the city with prosperity. Of course, in order to prove the validity of her commitment she struck the rock of the hill with her spear and from this action immediately grew an olive tree.

y Shortly thereafter, the 12 Olympian gods y (i.e. Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demetra, Ares, Hermes,

Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hestia) y as critics of the competition, declared Athena the victor, whose wisdom helped create the magnificent city-state of Athens with its unsurpassed Athenian culture.

The Academy of Athens,

The Athenians were of Hellenic (Greek) and particularly Pelasgian origin, according to Herodotus (H, 44). Pelasgians were called the natives, the first residents (indigenous) of Greece, whose main sects (races) were, the: Ionians, Achaeans', Dorians and the Aeolians.

According to Pario Chronicle, Herodotus, D. Sikeliotis, Stravon etc, in 1500 b.C. the Danaeans, the Kadmeans and the Jews were expelled from Egypt and from them the Danaeans went to Greece and mixed with the Achaeans of Argos (= Peloponnese, and thus Achaeans = Danaeans = Argoes) and the Kadmeans via Egypt and Phoenicia went to Viotia where they built the city of Thebes, in memory of (Egyptian) Thebes.

The Athenian ancient writers: Xenofon (Epitaph 4), Plato (Menexenos, 245 c-d), Isocrates etc called the Athenians ¶natives· and also ¶noble· Greeks, that is to say superior and genuinely pure, (autochthonous, endemic) Greeks, because: A) in Attica there had never lived any barbarians, as there had been in Peloponnesus where the Pelopes and Danaeans had gone and in Viotia where the Kadmeans or Thebans had gone. B) B) The Athenians had never conquered any other Greeks, as had done for example the Dorian Spartans who had left from Sterea Hellas (Dorida) and had gone and occupied (conquests) their Achaeans (Messenians, Argoians, and others) in Peloponnesus.

Syntagma square

Following the Persian wars, Athens becomes the city of Wisdom, intellect, letters and arts. Expressly, Plutarch (Lycurgus and Solon), Diogenes Laertius (Epimenides), Plato (Laws and Minos) as well as others report that the Spartans with Lycurgus and the Athenians with Solon copied the Cretan State·s laws, constitution, etc. (Minoan culture) and thus, they polished and refined their civilization and prospered. In the times that followed, the Athenians developed even more the nurturing of the mind, in the arts, letters and sciences while the Spartans concentrated on the development of the body and in military arts.

Athens had a library from the 7th century b.C. and it is also the homeland of Socrates, Plato, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides ... and.... and.....

y Consequently Athens is the place where humanism,

philosophy, arts & science and democracy were conceived, developed and implemented. y Consequently the offer of Athens in the world culture is enormous

"Our city (Athens) has exceeded by so much the rest of the other people in regard to ¶thought and reason·, so much so that her students have become schoolteachers of others whereby the name of the Greeks is being used henceforth not as defining our origin, but to define the cultivated mind and to call even much more Greeks those who possess our own education and training, instead of those who belong to the same race with us.´ (Isocrates, "Panegyrikos, 50").

Demosthenes the orator with his reasoning speeches prompted the Greeks to bestow upon Athens the hegemony of all Greece, because it is the city of wisdom (intelligent) and from wisdom (through discoveries and inventions) all people profit, instead of Sparta or Pella of Macedonia, because these were the cities of physical exercise and force, and that from force no one benefits except the only one who possesses it.


- Thisio

In Greek Parliament,
Greek soldier with ethnic

Herodotus (History), Plato (Menexenos, Laws D, 106), Stravon, Diodorus and others report that due to the heroes and the dead of Athens and Sparta in the ground-fields and naval sea-battles: Thermopiles, Plataies, Salamis and others that not only Greece, but the entire continent of Europe avoided becoming the land of barbarians.

´For Athens alone among her contemporaries is found when tested to be greater than her reputationµ, Pericles·s Funeral Oration, Thucydides (431 b.C.)

Ippias the Illios calls ancient Athens "rector of wisdom" and Diodoros Sikeliotis "common training school of all humanity".

´Oh you glimmering and violet-crowned world-renowned Athens, multi-chanted pillar of Hellas (Greece), inspiring city!µ ( Pindar, 518- 438 b.C.)

Olympic athletic centre of Athens (OAKA) Olympic Games in 2004

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