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Communicable Disease Nursing Study Bullets

Communicable Disease Nursing

DRUG OF CHOICE

Tetanus: PEN G Na; DIAZEPAM (Valium)


Meningitis: MANNITOL (osmotic diuretic); DEXAMETHASONE (anti-inflammatory);
DILANTIN/PHENYTOIN (anti-convulsive); PYRETINOL/ENCEPHABO L (CNS
stimulant)
Rabies Vaccines: LYSSAVAC, VERORAB
Immunoglobulins: ERIG or HRIg

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS

Tetanus: WOUND CULTURE


Meningitis: LUMBAR PUNCTURE
Encephalitis: EEG
Polio: EMG; Muscle testing
Rabies: Brain biopsy (Negri bodies) Fluorescent rabies antibody test
Dengue: TOURNIQUET test (Rumpel lead)
Malaria: Malarial smear; QBC (Quantitative Buffy Coat)
Scarlet: DICK'S TEST; SCHULTZ-CHARLTON TEST
Diphtheria: SCHICK'S TEST; Moloney's Test
Pertussis: Nasal swab; agar plate
Tuberculosis: MANTOUX test
Leprosy: SLIT SKIN SMEAR
Pinworm: SCOTCH TAPE SWAB
Typhoid: WIDAL'S test
HIV/AIDS: ELISA; WESTERN BLOT; PCT: Polymerase Chain Reaction Test

CAUSATIVE AGENTS

Tetanus: CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI


Meningococcemia: NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS
Rabies: RHABDOVIRUS
Poliomyelitis: LEGIO DEBILITANS (Type I Brunhilde); (Type II Lansing); (Type III
Leon)
Dengue Fever: ARBOVIRUSES (Chikunggunya); (Onyong-nyong); (West Nile);
(Flaviviruses) (Common in the Phil.)
Malaria: PLASMODIUM (protozoa) P. Falciparum (most fatal); P. Vivax P. Malariae;
P. Ovale
Filariasis: WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI; BRUGIA MALAYI
Leprosy: MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE
Measles: PARAMYXO VIRUS
German measles: TOGA VIRUS
Chicken pox: VARICELLA ZOSTER VIRUS
Herpes zoster: HERPES ZOSTER VIRUS
Scarlet fever: Group A HEMOLYTIC STREPTOCOCCUS
Scabies: SARCOPTES SCABIEI (itch mite)
Bubonic plague: YERSINIA PESTIS
Diphtheria: KLEBS LOEFFLER
Pertussis: BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS
Tuberculosis: MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS
Typhoid: SALMONELLA TYPHI
Cholera: VIBRIO CHOLERA
Amoebiasis: ENTAMOEBA HYSTOLITICA
Leptospirosis: LEPTOSPIRA Spirochete
Schistosomiasis: Schistosoma japonicum
Gonorrhea: N. GONORRHEAE
Syphilis: TREPONEMA PALLIDUM
Chlamydia: C. trachomatis, T. vaginalis
Genital herpes: HERPES SIMPLEX 2

CD PHARMACOLOGY

Malaria: CHLOROQUINE
Schistosomiasis: PRAZIQUANTEL
Scabies: EURAX/ CROTAMITON
Chicken pox: ACYCLOVIR/ZOVIRAX
Tuberculosis: R.I.P.E.S.
Pneumonia: COTRIMOXAZOLE; Procaine Penicillin
Helminths: MEBENDAZOLE; PYRANTEL PAMOATE