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13.7.

2000 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 147

CHAPTER 34

SOAP, ORGANIC SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS, WASHING PREPARATIONS, LUBRICATING PREPARATIONS, ARTIFICIAL
WAXES, PREPARED WAXES, POLISHING OR SCOURING PREPARATIONS, CANDLES AND SIMILAR ARTICLES,
MODELLING PASTES, ‘DENTAL WAXES’ AND DENTAL PREPARATIONS WITH A BASIS OF PLASTER

3401 Soap; organic surface-active products and preparations for use as soap, in the form of bars, cakes,
moulded pieces or shapes, whether or not containing soap; paper, wadding, felt and nonwovens,
impregnated, coated or covered with soap or detergent

3401 11 00 For toilet use (including medicated products)

This subheading covers the products described in the HS Explanatory Notes to heading No 3401, (I), seventh paragraph, (1),
and those products referred to in parts (II) and (III) which are for toilet use.

3401 20 90 Other

This subheading includes soap in liquid or paste form.

3403 Lubricating preparations (including cutting-oil preparations, bolt or nut release preparations, anti-rust
or anti-corrosion preparations and mould release preparations, based on lubricants) and preparations
of a kind used for the oil or grease treatment of textile materials, leather, furskins or other materials,
but excluding preparations containing, as basic constituents, 70 % or more by weight of petroleum
oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals

3403 19 91 Preparations for lubricating machines, appliances and vehicles

This subheading covers the preparations referred to in the HS Explanatory Notes to heading No 3403, first paragraph, (A),
which contain by weight less than 70 % petroleum oils or oils obtained from bituminous materials.
This subheading does not include such preparations containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained
from bituminous minerals. When such oils are the basic constituent of the preparation, they fall within heading No 2710 00
and in other cases in subheading 3403 19 10.

3403 91 00 Other
to
3403 99 90 These subheadings cover preparations of the type referred to in heading No 3403 which do not contain petroleum oils or
oils obtained from bituminous materials. The expression ‘petroleum oils or oils obtained from bituminous materials’ means
the products defined in Note 2 to chapter 27.
These subheadings include:
1. lubricating preparations consisting of molybdenum disulphide and polypropylene glycol and other lubricating prepara-
tions with a basis of molybdenum disulphide, whether concentrated or in the form of pencils, rods, small plates, sheets
and the like;
2. mould release preparations consisting of an aqueous dispersion of polyethylene wax and aminoalcohol soap;
3. lubricating preparations with a basis of sodium soap or calcium soap and borax, intended to protect and lubricate steel
wires during wire-drawing operations.

3403 99 10 Preparations for lubricating machines, appliances and vehicles

This subheading includes the products referred to in the HS Explantatory Notes to heading No 3403, first paragraph, (A),
which do not contain petroleum oils or oils obtained from bituminous materials.
148 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 13.7.2000

3404 Artificial waxes and prepared waxes

3404 90 10 Prepared waxes, including sealing waxes

This subheading covers the products listed in the HS Explantatory Notes to heading No 3404, first paragraph, (B) and (C).

3404 90 90 Other

This subheading covers the waxes referred to in the HS Explantatory Notes to heading No 3404, first paragraph, (A).

3405 Polishes and creams, for footwear, furniture, floors, coachwork, glass or metal, scouring pastes and
powders and similar preparations (whether or not in the form of paper, wadding, felt, nonwovens,
cellular plastics or cellular rubber, impregnated, coated or covered with such preparations), excluding
waxes of heading No 3404

3405 10 00 Polishes, creams and similar preparations, for footwear or leather

The primary materials used in the manufacture of products for footwear consist generally of waxes (animal, vegetable,
mineral or artificial), volatile solvents (spirits of turpentine, white spirit, etc.), colouring material and various other sub-
stances (alcohol, borax, artificial oils, emulsifiers, etc.).
Leather dyes, particularly those for suède footwear, are not products of the nature of polishes and creams and fall within
subheading 3212 90 90 (if they are, as is generally the case, put up in forms or in packings of a kind sold by retail). Also
excluded from this subheading are whitenings for footwear, which fall within subheading 3210 00 90. Greases for footwear
fall generally within subheading 3403 11 00 or 3403 91 00.

3405 20 00 Polishes, creams and similar preparations, for the maintenance of wooden furniture, floors or other woodwork

Products intended for the maintenance of wood (floors, furniture, woodwork) have cleansing properties and leave on the
surfaces to which they are applied a thin protective skin which, after drying and in some cases polishing, brighten their
colour or give them a glossy appearance. Products of this type are generally put up in cans, bottles, pads or aerosols. During
manufacture, in addition to waxes, solvents, colouring materials and special additives going into the composition of pol-
ishes and creams for footwear, certain of the following products are frequently used: fatty acids, vegetable oils (e.g., palm oil,
linseed oil) or mineral oils, soaps or surface-active agents, resins (copal, rosin or colophony, etc.), silicones, perfumes (e.g.,
essence of pine, rosemary), insecticides, etc., but not abrasives.

3405 30 00 Polishes and similar preparations for coachwork, other than metal polishes

Products intended for the maintenance of vehicle bodywork generally consist of a waxy emulsion or solution containing
silicones, oils, emulsifying agents and, possibly, soft abrasives.

3405 40 00 Scouring pastes and powders and other scouring preparations

Scouring powders for baths, washbasins, tiles, etc. consist of very finely divided abrasive mixtures (e.g., pumice-stone,
sandstone) and pulverized cleansers (e.g., surface-active agents with active anions, soap powder, sodium phosphate, anhy-
drous sodium carbonate). They are generally put up in tins or packets. Scouring pastes are scouring products made by
binding the powders with, for example, a wax solution.

3405 90 10 Metal polishes

Metal polishes are intended to restore, by surface treatment, the original appearance to corroded, soiled or weathered
metals. This result is obtained by abrasion (a mechanical polishing action by an abrasive) and by a chemical or cleansing
action of the acids or alkalis on the oxides, sulphides and various tarnishes.
The primary materials used in the manufacture of metal polishes are very finely divided abrasives (e.g., pumice-stone, chalk,
kieselguhr, tripolite, bentonite, silica), acids (e.g., oxalic acid, oleic acid, phosphoric acid, sulphuric acid) volatile solvents
(e.g., white spirit, trichlorethylene, denatured alcohol), alkalis (e.g., ammonia, soda), surface-active products such as fatty
sulphonic alcohols, fats, soaps and in some cases colouring material and synthetic perfumes.
Metal polishes are presented in the form of powder, pastes various compositions (creams or emulsions) and liquids. Depend-
ing on the type, they are presented in bottles, cans, metal tubes, tins, packets or in the form of small lumps, cones, sticks,
etc.
13.7.2000 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 149

3405 90 90 Other

This subheading includes in particular:
1. polishes for glass generally comprising water, alcohol, a small quantity of ammonia or acid (e.g., oxalic, tartaric) and a
soft abrasive;
2. products for polishing, finishing and fine grinding other materials.