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I BAU HAMBURG Flow Control Gate
Standard type and variations for all applications

The I BAU HAMBURG Flow control gate

Small lumps pass the flow control gate without being stopped by a step.

Silo discharge with flow control gate

Flow control gate
Flow control gates are used for shutting off the discharge spouts of silos and for the controlled discharge of pulverized bulk goods such as cement, lime, gypsum and fly ash. IBAU Flow control gates ensure an unrestricted flowthrough. Thanks to the

design without step, there is no danger of small lumps being stopped, thus causing the through-put to decrease. The picture shows a standard discharge spout containing a hand actuated cut-off gate, a motor actuated IBAU Flow control gate, a flexible compensator and a fluidslide.

Hand actuated gate
In general, manual flow control gates equipped with coupling and lever are used for power actuated gates. This allows to add a gear motor or pneumatic piston later on if required. All types of flow control gates are equipped

with a switch box containing three limit switches for the positions ‘open’, ‘intermediate’ and closed’. Furthermore, there is a potentiometer for remote control indication.



Silo discharge with pneumatic piston- and motor-actuated flow control gate

Motor actuated gate
Motor actuated flow control gates are equipped with a gear motor or with a torque motor. Gear motors can be positioned in four different ways, i.e. ‘top right’, ‘top left’, ‘bottom right’ and ‘bottom left’.

The standard type is top right. The class of protection for all gear motors is IP 54 according to DIN 40050. The actuating velocities for a full way of 90 degrees are 8, 25, 45 or 60 sec. depending on the requirements.

Pneumatic pistonactuated gate
Pneumatic piston-actuated flow control gates are equipped with a doubleacting pneumatic piston controlled by a special 5/3 way valve which makes it possible to stop the gate in any position required.

In case of power failure the gate will automatically move into the ‘closed’ position.


The I BAU HAMBURG Flow control gate

Flow control gate
The flow control gate is an element to be placed between fluidslides (picture on the right). It consists of an upper box (A) which forms the conveying chamber and a lower box (B) which is supplied with compressed air. Upper and lower box are separated from each other by a fabric permeable to air. A roller-shaped gate is placed within the upper box. The roller is sealed by an exchangeable gasket and features an adjustable aperture for the flowthrough of the bulk goods to be slowed down. The function of the flow control gate is firstly the dust-tight shut-off of a silo discharge opening and secondly the infinitely controlled discharge of pulverized bulk goods from a silo into a conveying element (e.g. fluidslide). This is possible in a simple way. When the roller rotates into one direction, the silo discharge opening is closed, when the roller rotates into the other direction, the adjustable aperture is opened, so that the fluidized bulk good can flow through. It is possible to vary the cross-section or size of the aperture which is opened by the rotation of the roller into one direction or the other. The flow of bulk material passing the roller increases with increasing size of the open cross-section; in other words the quantity of fluidized bulk goods leaving the silo is controlled. The opening angle of the flow control gate can be seen from a pointer attached to the shaft coupling. Schematic illustration of a flow control gate



Different operating conditions require specially shaped apertures.

Trapezoid aperture with drip gap
This type with an extended triangular cross-section for a large flow-through capacity is particularly suited for bulk loading. For balancing the car load the roller is turned into a position which sets free only the drip gap.

Aperture for linear dosing
A special aperture for linear dosing is available for special applications, e.g. feeding a belt weigher or flow meter. This specially shaped aperture allows linear dosing; i.e. an opening angle of 30° results in a throughput of 30 %.

Triangular aperture
This type of cross-section is the most common and most appropriate shape for nearly all metering requirements of average accuracy.



The flow control gate can be actuated either by a gear motor or by an electrically controlled pneumatic piston.

Each standard type has a disengageable coupling with hand lever for moving the roller in case of a power failure.

Possibilities of attaching the actuator

Roller of the flow control gate in open position

Roller of the flow control gate in closed position


The I BAU HAMBURG Flow control gate

The drawing shows an original I BAU Silo with discharge



Flow control gates for silo discharge
This is a typical application of flow control gates installed for controlled silo discharge in an I BAU Silo. The ring-shaped bottom of I BAU Silos can be divided into 4 – 12 sections. Each section consists of fluidizing pads, a cut-off gate and a flow control gate with flexible connection and a fluidslide which conveys the discharged material to the collecting bin. The flow control gates are opened one after the other, the sequence being controlled by a timing system. Generally only one section at a time is activated for discharge.

sections controlled by I BAU Flow control gates


The I BAU HAMBURG Flow control gate

Controlled weigher feeding
Raw meal metering equipment plays an important role in the cement production. Prior to feeding the preheater of the kiln, raw meal extracted from a blending or storage silo is continuously weighed by means of flow meters. Often, a weighing bin installed on load cells is used. This prebin allows the control of the weighing system and makes it possible to keep a constant level which in turn ensures a permanent height of raw meal above the aerated bottom. Flow control gates control the flow of raw meal between the prebin and the weighing equipment. For this type of application pneumatic operated flow control gates with electro pneumatic control device are used. The material flow is controlled by a signal exchange with the flowmeter. The pneumatic actuators operate according to the principle of rotary paddle pneumatics without the use of lever arms, toothed racks and gears. This allows the pure torque to be transferred, with no interfering side forces on the square drive. The actuators, which are characterised by a compact and weight-saving design, require little or no maintenance. The actuator device also comes equipped with ventilation options, enabling it to be also moved manually (hand lever). The flow control gates of the stand-by equipment can be set via remote control exactly to the current operating position of the main line. The figure on the left illustrates the arrangement of a weighing station with flow metering equipment. Cone silo outlet

Weighing prebin

The I BAU Flow control gate with pneumatic control device Flow metering equipment

Stand-by equipment

The I BAU Screw pump for preheather feeding

Controlled feeding system with flow metering equipment



Silo outlet with flow control gates, feeding the weighing bin

Flow control gate with pneumatic actuator and control device

Flow metering equipment


The I BAU HAMBURG Flow control gate

Standard type flow control gates
The picture shows flow control gates of size 800 and size 200, both motor-actuated, with a capacity of approx. 1000 t/h resp. 150 t/h cement.

Motor actuated flow control gates



Flow control gate with pneumatically controlled drive
The pneumatic actuator, is designed for the linear control of the material throughput quantity. A further important feature is the emergency shutdown, i.e. the flow control gate is closed pneumatically in case of a power failure. The setpoint as well as position feedback are carried out by means of a 4 –20 mA signal. The combination of any desired type of I BAU Roller with a pneumatic actuator, connected to an electropneumatic control device, is eminently suitable for bulk handling, e.g. on the discharge spouts of silos or bins where a linearly controlled discharge is required and where, for safety reasons, the discharge process must be stopped in case of power failure.

Flow control gate with pneumatic actuator


The I BAU HAMBURG Flow control gate

Flow control gate with motorcontrolled drive
This type of flow control gate, also serves for the linear control of materials to be discharged from silos or bins. In order to achieve a high control accuracy, a slip-on gear motor positioned directly on the shaft of the roller is used instead of conventional gear motors with driving rod and clevis. Among its advantages are the space-saving design, an infinite control not restricted to a certain number of positions and an ultimately high control accuracy.

Flow control gate with motor-controlled drive



Flow control gate with standard pneumatic actuator

Flow control gate with controlled pneumatic piston
This flow control gate with pneumatic piston is actuated by a doubleacting pneumatic piston

controlled by a special 5/3-way-valve. The three positions are ‘open’, ‘closed’ and ‘stop’. The ‘closed’-position is the emergency shutdown position in case of power failure which means that the control gate will then

be brought into the ‘shut’position. The actuating velocity can be adjusted independently by means of a throttle muffler. The lowest possible actuating velocity is about 10 sec. for a 90° move.


The I BAU HAMBURG Flow control gate

F low control gate Type IBN

shows all advantages and features of the worldwide renowned I BAU FLOW CONTROL GATE , which has been installed more than 500,000 times. The variations of the basic type with different actuators have in common the extremely high accuracy of a controlled flow of pulverised bulk goods with reproducible results. They require practically no maintenance. However, even good things are subject to wear after many years of good service under severe conditions. Different designs of other flow control gates may make it necessary to disassemble the complete unit. However, thanks to the design of the I BAU Flow control gate, a complete disassembly becomes unnecessary. Maintenance can be carried out without dismantling the complete unit. After having taken off one of the side plates the roller can be removed. The gasket is then accessible and can be replaced if required. Reassembly is carried out in reverse order.


installed at the silo discharge outlet


roller being taken out Diagrammatic view of a flow control gate



The I BAU Flow control gate type IBN


The I BAU HAMBURG Flow control gate

Assembley of flow control gates at the



I BAU HAMBURG fabrication and assembley shop


The I BAU HAMBURG Flow control gate

Quality control check at the workshop

Placing of actuators on a flow control gate



Flow control gates with pneumatic actuators

Spare rollers for flow control gates at the I BAU HAMBURG assembley shop


We have designed and built worldwide about 7.000 large capacity silos, 250 multi-compartment silo plants, 2.000 pumps for bulk material transport, 250 power plant equipment, 60 terminals for bulk material mixing, 100 marine terminals for cement, 30 shipunloaders for cement, and 20 self-unloading cement carriers

Cement silo installation with bulk loading in Samalayuca / Mexico

Raw meal blending silo, Dyckerhoff Zement / Germany

High capacity mixing plant
HOLCIM , Antwerp / Belgium

Coal-fired power plant Mehrum / Germany

Shipunloader on rubber tyres for Continental Florida Materials, Port Canaveral / USA

Cement carrier

08/09/Flow Control Gate

I BAU HAMBURG · Rödingsmarkt 35 · D-20459 Hamburg · PHONE +49 (0) 40 36 13 090 FAX +49 (0) 40 36 39 83 · Email: info@ibauhamburg.de · Internet: www.ibauhamburg.de

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