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Public Works

D I G E S T
Volume XXII, No.6
November/December 2010

This Issue:
Annual Report
Summaries

Annual Report
Summaries 3

Installation
Management 28

Successes 30

Professional
Development 41

U.S. ARMY INSTALLATION MANAGEMENT COMMAND

IMCOM

Crews work on trenches for geothermal wells at the Child Development Center under
construction at Fort Drum, N.Y. Photo by Dan Desmet, New York District, U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers. Page 34
Public Works
D I G E S T Annual Report Summaries_____________________________________________________________________
3 Meeting critical mission requirements in 2010, by Lt. Gen. Robert L. Van Antwerp
Volume XXI, No.5, 5 Army Public Works marks 2010 successes, by Gregg Chislett
Volume XXII, No.5,
September/October 2009
September/October 2010 6 Solid wastes and recycling update, by William F. Eng
9 Center carries the torch for sustainability, by Dana Finney
10 Huntsville Center missions surpass $1.6 billion in fiscal 2010, by Charles Ford
14 Corps’ environmental year in review, by Candice Walters
16 Corps labs: Sustainable installations through research, development, by Ilker
Adiguzel
18 Oahu Army Natural Resources reintroduces native plants, saves snails,
U.S. Army Installation
Management Command
protects flies, by Michelle Elmore, Amanda Hardman and Kapua Kawelo
11711 IH35 North 20 Europe District sees major construction projects, unique challenges in
San Antonio, TX 78233 new countries, by Rachel Goodspeed
22 Honolulu District contracts benefit Army, local communities, by Aiko Brum
24 Vicenza delivers 4 new facilities as Dal Molin continues on track, by Anna Ciccotti
Public Works Digest is an unofficial
publication of the U.S. Army Installation 26 Public Works Technical Bulletins: 2010 in review, by Dana Finney
Management Command, under AR 360-
1, The Army Public Affairs Program.
Method of reproduction: photo-offset;
Installation Management_______________________________________________________________________
press run: 1,600; estimated readership: 28 How to aggressively manage fixed-price construction contract
40,000. Editorial views and opinions schedules, by Kevin McCullough
expressed are not necessarily those of 29 Converting to low-maintenance grasses in improved, unimproved areas, by Heidi R.
the Department of the Army. Mention
Howard
of specific vendors does not constitute
endorsement by the Department of the
Army or any element thereof.
Successes __________________________________________________________________________________________
Address mail to:
30 San Antonio installations: More square footage, smaller carbon
U.S. Army Installation Management footprint, by Brian Dwyer
Command 32 At Fort Carson, employees with common goal of going green drive
11711 North IH35, Suite 110
success, by Eileen L. Williamson
San Antonio, TX 78233-5498
Attn: Editor, Public Works Digest 33 At Redstone Arsenal, Von Braun Complex final phase under way, by Lisa Coghlan
34 At Fort Drum, Corps looks below Earth’s surface for green energy, by Chris
Telephone: 202-761-0022 DSN 763 Gardner
FAX: 202-761-4169 35 At Fort Polk, Facilities Reduction Program demolishes buildings fast, by Jo Anita
e-mail: 
mary.b.thompson@usace.army.mil
Miley
36 Fort Polk, partners work for rare reptile recovery, by A. Sara Thames
Gregg Chislett 37 Army Hawaii helps acquire land to protect endangered bird, enable
Chief, Public Works Division
training, by Alvin Char
Installation Management Command
38 Fort Drum Warriors in Transition Complex comes online, by Chris Gardner
Mary Beth Thompson 39 Savannah District improves quality of life for Soldiers, Families, by Rashida Banks
Managing Editor
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
40 Los Angeles District revamping water pipes at air force base, by Elizabeth Casebeer

Professional Development _ __________________________________________________________________


41 Setting the standard for greatness, by Lt. Gen Robert L. Van Antwerp
Printed on recycled paper. 42 Directorate of Public Works training available, by Tracy P. Wilson

From the editor


An article in the September/October issue misstated the requirement for Leadership
in Energy and Environmental Design ratings. The required rating on all new Military
Construction after 2008 is Silver.
Mary Beth Thompson
Managing editor

2 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


Annual Report Summaries
Meeting critical mission requirements in 2010
by Lt. Gen. Robert L. Van Antwerp

T
here is no greater sense of purpose Acronyms and Abbreviations
and accomplishment for the U.S. ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
Army Corps of Engineers than to BRAC Base Realignment and Closure
support our nation’s Soldiers, Civilians DoD Department of Defense
and Families at home and overseas. It’s DPW Directorate of Public Works
something that we have the privilege and FY fiscal year
honor to do. We do that working hand-in- IMCOM Installation Management Command
hand with Directorates of Public Works MILCON Military Construction
around the world, employing innovation USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
and disciplined thought to accomplish a
near-record workload in 2010. projects at $693.9 million for the Army
and other DoD customers, for a total of
The USACE Military Programs Lt. Gen. Robert L. Van Antwerp
Photo by F.T. Eyre 736 projects at $1,198 million awarded
mission has grown considerably since its over the last two years.
inception in the 1940s, when much of
To adjust to the rapidly evolving In addition to the work we accomplished
our work included traditional projects
landscape of Army facility and construction stateside, many USACE team members
like designing and constructing barracks.
engineering challenges, we have focused served around the world in support of
Today, our engineers and experts serve on
on our role as Army “solutioneers” working our service members and international
the front lines with DPWs in developing
as an integrated team with our Public partners, strengthening our reputation for
solutions to many of our nation’s most
Works partners and customers in the field excellence and setting new standards for
pressing challenges. Together, we’re
to better support our nation, Soldiers, our profession. I was honored this year
helping to improve our nation’s economy
Civilians and Families. to recognize our 10,000th deployment!
by creating jobs and employing small
businesses at a record pace, investing in In fiscal 2010, our global team of expert Our commitment to overseas contingency
our nation’s future through sustainable engineers and project managers oversaw operations remains one of our most vital
designs and construction, building some of a budget of $22.4 billion that included missions and a critical component in
our country’s most advanced science and overseas contingency operations, day-to- the reconstruction efforts necessary to
medical research facilities, and deploying day operations, environmental compliance rebuilding infrastructure, building capacity
in support of vital overseas contingency responsibilities, Base Realignment and and stabilizing the region.
operations. Closure missions and installation support. Our work overseas consists of
We awarded 92 percent of our planned construction for pivotal Afghan and Iraqi
programs for law enforcement and military facilities,
MILCON Awarded in FY 2010 Army and other
Department of
medical institutions, schools, water
purification systems and sewage treatment
Defense customers plants — projects designed to improve the
Type Projects Amount
($M) that totaled 565 health and welfare of the local populace.
MILCON and In FY 2010, we awarded more than 66
BRAC 91 2,409
BRAC projects overseas contingency construction projects
Army 261 4,922
at a programmed valued in excess of $783 million.
Air Force 130 2,664 amount of $13
TRICARE Management On the home front, we continued to
17 780 billion. Also,
Activity ensure the quality of life of our Soldiers,
the Facilities
DoD Education Activity 6 109 Civilians and Families by executing more
Sustainment,
than $3.5 billion in support to Army
Special Operations Restoration and
18 41 installations to maintain and repair our
Command Modernization
military communities’ facilities.
Defense Logistics Agency 8 73 program, funded
Other DoD 12 1,106 by the American Now more than ever, our country has
Recovery and embraced the idea of sustainability, or
ARRA 22 723
Reinvestment building green, and we share in the Army’s
Grand Total: 565 13,027
Act, awarded 373 commitment to protect and improve ➤

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 3


(continued from previous page) by our Real Estate team, and benefits paid The USACE Campaign Plan has
our nation’s natural resources. We are to 3,279 applicants totaled $481 million. revitalized how we conduct business
moving forward with new initiatives that In addition, more than 24,000 acres were providing the Army with vital engineering
include energy life-cycle cost analyses disposed of for BRAC 2005 and Legacy services necessary for the execution of its
and holistic enterprise level master BRAC. missions. A major emphasis is supporting
planning and training. The Senior Energy USACE recently made history with Soldiers, Army Civilians and Families with
Council has been a great coordinated the largest land transfer to date since the facilities they need to prepare, sustain
effort to produce an Army strategy to BRAC’s inception. More than 14,000 and reset the force to execute current and
reduce consumption and expenditures for acres and associated property from the future missions.
energy for the Army including overseas Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant in USACE has worked closely with the
contingency operations. Bowie County, Texas, was transferred Installation Management Command to
As we work to build some of the from Army ownership to civilian reuse. implement elements of its campaign plan
largest projects ever in USACE history, This transfer occurred less than one year so that it complements the missions and
we’re infusing them with unprecedented after the operational closure of the facility, goals of IMCOM’s plan for transforming
green technology, such as solar and wind minimizing deterioration of the facilities military installations. Both campaign plans
energy, placing them among the most and, more importantly, supporting the aim at supporting Soldiers and Family
environmentally friendly buildings ever retention of 300 jobs and providing the readiness through forward deployed
built for the federal government. local community the opportunity to combat and reach back capabilities and
generate new jobs and begin economic work to identify opportunities to deliver
Our environmental efforts didn’t end
redevelopment. innovative sustainable solutions that add
there. In FY 2010, we accomplished
For FY 2010, USACE was vital to value to Soldier, Civilian and Family well-
more than $3.1 billion in environmental
the completion of the Human Resource being.
requirements, including $1.6 billion
in reimbursable work, $300 million in Center of Excellence, an 880,000-square- We look forward to another exciting
environmental quality work, $400 million foot complex at Fort Knox, Ky., designed year ahead in 2011, which promises to
in installation restoration, $200 million to house the Human Resource Command, offer more opportunities for us to further
in BRAC 2005 and Legacy BRAC work, Cadet Command, Accessions Command support our Soldiers and provide continued
$330 million on Formerly Used Defense and Recruiting Command. The Center value to the nation.
Sites and $280 million in Environmental of Excellence spans 104 acres and cost
Protection Agency Superfund work. By $192 million. It is one of our shining Lt. Gen. Robert L. Van Antwerp is the chief of
taking a vested interest in our environment, accomplishments for the year. engineers and the commanding general of the
we continue to implement a full range of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Support to other federal agencies
conservation, restoration and compliance through our Interagency and International
efforts to help build our country to last. Services Community of Practice resulted
Through our Real Estate Community in $1.9 billion of work. Our efforts have
of Practice, more than $800 million in enabled our interagency partners to operate
support was provided to our customers, new land ports of entry to better secure
including applicants for the Housing borders, accelerate cleanup of hazardous
Assistance Program. More than 11,000 waste and provide modernization of several
applications were received and processed medical facilities for our military veterans.

All Awards from Transatlantic Division in Iraq, Afghanistan, Middle East District
Location Total to date 2008 2009 2010
Iraq $2.83 billion $1.9 billion $760 million $169 million
Afghanistan $6.3 billion $1.4 billion $2.4 billion $2.5 billion
Middle East $0.8 billion $255 million $258 million $283 million
Total $9.93 billion

4 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


Army Public Works marks 2010 successes
by Gregg Chislett

A
s I sit in San Antonio, Texas, the Acronyms and Abbreviations
new home to the Army’s Installation DPW Directorate of Public Works
Management Command, to write FSBP First Sergeant’s Barracks Program
these comments for the Public Works FY fiscal year
Digest, I am convinced the Army’s Public GFEBS General Fund Enterprise Business System
Works community is committed to setting
IMCOM Installation Management Command
the Department of Defense standard for
ISR installation status report
infrastructure quality — enhancing Soldier
UPH unaccompanied personnel housing
and Family well-being and readiness,
which aligns with the vision and strategic Installation Status Report Infrastruc-
direction of the Installation Management ture and Services booklets for the 2011
Campaign Plan. Gregg Chislett
collection cycle. The team put significant
U.S. Army photo
The campaign plan focuses on support effort into standardizing elements among
to the Army family — installation senior ing Branch developed a comprehen- all barracks facility types and ensuring
commanders and their Soldiers, Civilians sive Housing Master Plan, a road map that the evaluation criteria were current
and Families. It also pulls together a to house the force around the world, and comprehensible to the layman and
powerful team comprising the Office of emphasizing quality of life for the Army user. The improvements in the accu-
the Assistant Secretary of the Army for family and delivering services and quality racy of the ISR products will improve
Installations, Energy and Environment, the during times of conflict and peace. the quality of maintenance and facility
Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for replacement decisions.
• The First Sergeants Barracks Program
Installation Management and IMCOM • The Installation Management Campaign
was reviewed and validated. The FSBP
to represent the Installation Management Plan Line of Effort 6 set the path for-
provided funding and resources for
community serving the Army family, along ward with keys to success to create ener-
implementation at 14 continental U.S.
with great support from the Army Corps gy- and water-efficient installations by
installations. The installations transition-
of Engineers. leveraging new technologies, moderniz-
ing to operations under the program are:
Forts Belvoir, Va., Myer, Va., Aberdeen ing existing facilities, ensuring new facili-
2010 accomplishments
Proving Ground, Md., Leonard Wood, ties are designed and constructed with
This year’s Public Works Digests covered the latest economically feasible energy
a lot of ground, highlighting innovative Mo., Gordon, Ga., Jackson, S.C., Knox,
Ky., Polk, La., Rucker, Ala., Carson, savings measures and measuring progress
initiatives in construction, sustainability, along the way.
operations and maintenance, energy, Colo., Huachuca, Ariz., Leavenworth,
master planning and many others. This Kan., and Sill, Okla.; and the Presidio of • Nineteen installations completed energy
publication once again successfully served Monterey, Calif. and water management plans, providing
as a great source for sharing ideas across • The Unaccompanied Personnel Housing comprehensive roadmaps for achieving
the Army Public Works community. Team developed and championed the the installations’ energy and water reduc-
Military Construction Program Objective tion goals.
In addition to the information published
Memorandum submissions for FYs 2012 • More than $43 million in project funding
this year, below is a summary of the
to 2017. The successful submission was was secured to execute energy efficiency
investment we have made in support of the
structured to meet the Army’s goals for projects through the Army Energy
Army family.
buyout of permanent party and training Conservation Investment Program. An
• The Manpower Requirements and Hous- barracks. These buyout programs aim to additional $64.5 million in investments
ing Master Plan was developed in fiscal eliminate the deficit of adequate barracks were developed and executed through
year 2010. Housing staff manning mod- spaces for Soldiers in these categories. third-party-financed energy contracts.
els were developed to ensure installations Permanent party barracks are to be in • Utility programs were also success-
have the programming and resources the program no later than FY 2013 and ful. More than $143 million in capi-
necessary to develop and train a diverse occupied by the end of FY 2015, and tal improvements were executed for
staff of housing professionals dedicated training barracks are to be in the program privatized utilities systems. In addition,
to delivering increasingly technical and by FY 2015 and occupied by FY 2017. advanced electrical meters were installed
varied services. on 70 percent of the buildings required
• The UPH Team championed a collab-
• Concurrently, the Public Works’ Hous- orative and comprehensive review of the to have them by 2012 by the Energy ➤

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 5


Solid wastes and recycling update
by William F. Eng

T
he next five years will be challenging and demolition materials and debris by
as the Army looks for ways to the end of FY 2015; and
meet the raised bar of solid waste • increase diversion of compostable and
diversion. Potentially adding to that organic material from the waste stream.
challenge, the highly successful recycling The EO lays out a measurable
programs have to have a bustling economy nonhazardous municipal solid waste
to exert demand for recycled materials. diversion goal. Its predecessor, EO 13423,
Executive Order 13514 issued in 2007, required only that federal
agencies establish a MSW diversion goal
This EO, issued Oct. 8, 2009, requires
to be achieved by Dec. 31, 2010, or to
federal agencies to: William F. Eng
Photo by Alex Stakhiv reaffirm a previously established goal,
• minimize the generation of waste and which the Department of Defense called
pollutants through source reduction; “measures of merit.” The DoD diversion
and demolition debris, by the end of fis-
• divert at least 50 percent of nonhazard- cal year 2015; goals prior to the EO were 40 percent ➤
ous solid waste, excluding construction for MSW and 50 percent for C&D.
• divert at least 50 percent of construction

(continued from previous page) became immediately apparent that the Continued feedback from GFEBS-
Policy Act of 2005. system and training classes as designed deployed garrisons and the sharing of
• The Army Space Planning Criteria did not fully meet the needs of Direc- lessons learned with future deployment
Manual was finally published. This torates of Public Works. sites is crucial to the development of a
important manual helps garrison master In response to the identified shortfalls, fully functional system and the successful
planners and real property special- a DPW functional tiger team was implementation of GFEBS to garrison
ists accurately determine functional assembled to review the design and DPWs across the Army.
adequacy for each facility type and then develop modifications to fully support
2011 Digest
update the functional capability code in DPW business processes. The tiger
team conducted five workshops at I look forward to reading about the
the Integrated Facilities System.
which subject matter experts from the Army Public Works community in next
• The American Recovery and Rein- year’s Public Works Digest. Mark your
vestment Act of 2009 invested $1.47 10 GFEBS garrisons defined missing
functional requirements and proposed calendars with the schedule for issues,
billion in improving the condition of themes and deadlines, or contact the
energy systems, utilities, pavements, solutions.
editor at mary.b.thompson@usace.army.
roads, barracks, quality-of-life facilities, A majority of the design modifications mil to be added to the call-for-articles
operations facilities, UPH and Army were deployed Oct. 1 in concert with the list:
Family housing. This investment GFEBS deployment to an additional
reduced the Army installations’ facility 12 garrisons. The rest of the currently January/February – Master Planning
restoration backlog and made signifi- identified improvements will be released and Construction, Dec. 10
cant energy improvements. in January in conjunction with the March/April – Housing and Lodging,
• IMCOM executed an aggressive deployment to another eight garrisons. Feb. 14
inspection program of more than 728 The subject matter experts’ May/June – Environment and
bridges, 18 dams, 581 miles of railroad participation was critical to the Sustainability, April 12
tracks, eight airfield pavements and 387 development of significant improvements July/August – Infrastructure, June 10
feet of waterfront berthing. IMCOM to the system design, training materials
also provided two training classes that September/October – Energy and
and job aids. Some functionality
certified 30 railroad track inspectors Water, Aug. 15
shortfalls still must be addressed, and we
and 36 bridge safety inspectors. need the continued support of garrison November/December – Annual Report
• FY 2010 began with three garrisons subject matter experts to make sure Summaries, Dec. 12
using the General Fund Enterprise the requirements are accurately and
Business System. In April, GFEBS thoroughly identified to the GFEBS Gregg Chislett is the chief, Public Works
deployed to seven more sites, and it development team. Division, Headquarters, IMCOM.

6 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page) approved for publication. The handbook Acronyms and Abbreviations
will be posted on Army Knowledge Online C&D construction and demolition
Integrated solid waste management
on the Office of the Assistant Chief of DoD Department of Defense
At the agency level, the emphasis is
Staff for Installation Management web EO executive order
no longer merely on recycling but on the
page, http://www.acsim.army.mil/. FY fiscal year
more encompassing principles of integrated
nonhazardous solid waste management. Solid waste reporting ISWM integrated solid waste management
The Army had already embraced the The Solid Waste Annual Reporting MSW municipal solid waste (nonhazardous)
concept of ISWM many years earlier, but system is the official database for collecting, PBWMS performance-based waste management
it never fully articulated guidance to allow managing and reporting the solid waste services
installation managers the flexibility to and recycling activities of active and QRP Qualified Recycling Program
make systematic waste diversion or disposal Reserve component installations. Efforts SWARWeb Solid Waste Annual Reporting, web-based
decisions based on an environmental that began last year to phase in solid waste SWS Solid Waste Solutions
management hierarchy. and recycling data reporting in one system
Army installations should maximize solid continue. Previously, many National Guard army.mil/dl.aspx. The course, number 844,
waste diversion all along the waste steam and Army Reserve sites were reporting in consists of nine modules and is self-paced.
to reduce disposal and the overall cost of the Environmental Quality report.
This course is intended to help attendees
ISWM. Waste stream characterization and In the past few years, DoD defined solid recognize explosives and ammunition, not
analysis, and thorough knowledge of waste waste and recycling functions as facilities to make them ammunition specialists.
diversion or disposal options and associated sustainment functions, not environmental Successful completion is one of the
costs are vital. Keeping informed of the or logistics. In the Army, this translates to requirements for an Army QRP to sell
recycling and scrap industries and the the director of Public Works. firing range scrap without going through
commodity markets is also crucial. the Defense Reutilization and Marketing
The Army National Guard had a very
Army regulations require installations high participation rate. Army Reserve Service. The primary audience consists of
to develop and maintain ISWM plans. regional readiness commands are training installation Recycling Program managers
By taking a comprehensive approach to to use SWARWeb. and QRP managers where the program
managing nonhazardous solid wastes and includes the recycling of expended small
Access to SWARWeb has been migrated
C&D wastes, installations should be better arms brass and gleanings from fire range
from the Army Environmental Reporting
able to determine the most cost-effective, clearance.
On-line portal to the Installation
energy-efficient and least polluting means The course contents are based on the
Management Application Resource
of handling most, if not all, of the solid resident course, which is currently offered
Center portal, https://www.us.army.mil/
waste stream. on request at most locations worldwide
suite/page/550262. User accounts must be
Recycling handbook established for the resource center portal on a cost-reimbursable basis. The course
and SWARWeb. POC is Joseph C. Pickett, 256-895-7445;
The long wait is over. The Qualified
Joseph.C.Pickett@usace.army.mil.
Recycling Program Handbook has been Ordinance, explosive recognition
training Emerging Issues
The course trains Legislative language prohibiting
Qualified Recycling destruction of fired brass – The FY
Program personnel to 2010 National Defense Appropriation
recognize unsafe and Act prohibits the destruction or
unauthorized material demilitarization of certain small arms
when recycling firing-range weapons and small arms ammunition
scrap. The two-day resident and components. The legislative intent
course has been converted became clearer when the Army received
to a distance learning congressional correspondence alleging
environment and is available installations were noncompliant with the
without charge on the law because QRPs were processing small
Recycling is now a common practice but not the only way the Army is Huntsville Learning Center arms fired brass through machines that
diverting waste. Courtesy photo web site, http://ulc.usace. crush, crimp or mutilate, as required ➤

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 7


(continued from previous page) Guard will receive this special assistance The consultant measures success
by regulations, when QRPs direct sell for about one year. If the results are directly by the reduction in waste costs
their small arms fired brass, thus making positive, the pilot installations will be able and increases in recycling, and indirectly
the fired brass not reloadable by sports to continue for one year using their own by increased operational efficiencies and
shooters, who perceive this nonavailability funds. decreased soft costs, such as the space, time
as an infringement of Second Amendment An environmental consulting firm, Solid and labor necessary to handle waste and
rights. Waste Solutions, based in Evanston, Ill., recycling. Instead of paying a fixed price
evaluated each site’s solid waste operations for the waste audit report, the installation
Clear guidance on how QRPs should
from point of generation to pickup and pays a combination of a lower fixed price
proceed is being hindered by a new
disposal or recycling. SWS monitored coupled with a percentage of the savings
legislative proposal for FY 2011. QRPs
each contactor’s daily schedule for about a generated as a result of the waste audit.
should consult their installation staff judge
advocate offices or attorney advisors before week and reviewed invoices. SWS is in the Performance-based waste management
they direct sell their fired brass. process of writing a detailed report for each services – PBWMS give pricing flexibility
site that will recommend changes in solid with reduced upfront costs combined with
Recycling plastic targets –Some
waste and recycling operations, contract incentives in which the consultant shares
installations have been recycling high
services, and cultural and educational in any reduction in waste costs. PBWMS
density polyethylene silhouette pop-
training. work by developing a baseline cost, the
up targets through their QRPs, only to
If a garrison contracts with the client’s average cost for waste and recycling
have their local Defense Reutilization
consultant, SWS will advise the installation services over the previous 12 months. A
and Marketing Offices object because
or take control to make changes that full year is used so that any seasonal or
the items have not been demilitarized.
improve waste stream management, annual peaks and valleys can be averaged
Nothing in the composition of the plastic
depending on the installation’s wants and into the baseline.
target has an explosive component, but the
confusion arises from DoD Instruction needs. SWS’s compensation would be If successful in reducing costs from
4140.62, which states that material derived from the shared savings generated the baseline, the consultant receives
possessing potential explosive hazard can by the recommended changes’ reductions a percentage of the amount reduced.
be generated from any number of sources, in wastes and costs. The baseline is set for the term of the
including targets. The concern is that live agreement.
Waste audits
ammunition could be embedded in the The installation’s upfront costs are
A consultant uses a waste audit,
plastic target and cause injury when the based on the number, sizes and locations
which provides a comprehensive waste
target is processed or handled. of the buildings, and number of employees
characterization and an understanding of
A draft change states that 2-D target in the buildings. Costs for any waste
waste and recycling processes and practices
material, e.g., paper and plastic silhouettes, and recycling equipment the installation
at an installation, as its cornerstone to
is not considered potentially explosive. chooses to acquire are the responsibility of
build an overall plan to improve waste and
However, when such material has been the Army, although the consultant is able
recycling management and processes. A
stored on an operational range after use, a to offer financing options.
waste audit captures the unique variables
cursory check should be made to ensure no of each facility including, but not limited If the consultant is not successful in
explosive material has become commingled to, personnel, size, volume, age, location, reducing the baseline costs, the installation
with it. Such a check requires minimal demographics and vendor availability. owes the consultant nothing. The only risk
qualifications that can, in most cases, be for the Army is upfront costs.
Reporting and recommendations – After
met by on-the-job training that includes
data analysis is complete, the consultant POC is William F. Eng, 703-602-5827, william.
recognition of military munitions.
team develops specific recommendations eng@us.army.mil.
Performance-based services for waste reduction protocols and best
In late 2009, the Office of the Assistant management practices. This two-pronged William F. Eng is the program manager, Solid
approach supports targeted strategy Waste and Recycling, and the staff action officer,
Chief of Staff for Installation Management
development for clients to apply best water and wastewater issues, Facilities Policy
funded a pilot study of performance-based
practices or identify operational efficiencies Division, Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for
contracting for ISWM services. Three
and drive culture change, the key to long- Installation Management.
Installation Management Command
installations and the Ohio Army National term success.

8 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


Center carries the torch for sustainability
by Dana Finney

A
rmy leadership stated its • energy security in light of emerging Acronyms and Abbreviations
commitment to sustainability energy technologies, and CASI Center for the Advancement of
through the 2004 Strategy for the • building information modeling. Sustainability Innovations
Environment. However, pulling together all CERL Construction Engineering Research
Results of water studies conducted Laboratory
of the Army elements to realize that vision for the Army Environmental Policy EO executive order
is both challenging and complex. Institute were released in ERDC technical ERDC Engineer Research and Development Center
To address the gap between the strategy’s reports during the past year. These FY fiscal year
goals and the many steps needed to achieve studies developed national screenings of USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
them, Army leaders asked the U.S. Army watershed vulnerability, regional water
Corps of Engineers to create a center to budgets documenting supply and demand development of its strategic sustainability
help point the way toward more sustainable in regions containing Army installations performance plan, a requirement of the EO
operations and facilities. The Center and projections of future water demand. for all federal agencies.
for the Advancement of Sustainability Results are summarized in previous Public
In addition, the CASI team is assisting
Innovations resulted, launching its activities Works Digest articles (May/June 2009 and
with another requirement by conducting
in 2006. September/October 2010) and in technical
studies of greenhouse gas emissions at both
CASI is physically located at the reports.
military bases and USACE Civil Works
Engineer Research and Development A new focus area was added to project sites. It has also developed tools
Center’s Construction Engineering CASI’s existing nine focus areas: Green and web training to help organizations
Research Laboratory in Champaign, Ill. Its Remediation and Reuse. An initial with greenhouse gas reporting, to plan for
outreach, however, is worldwide. project for this focus area is to develop a greenhouse gas reductions and to conserve
During fiscal year 2010, CASI forged decision framework to incorporate green energy and water.
a new partnership with the Installation and sustainable practices into USACE
One of CASI’s main areas of focus since
Management Command’s Strategic remediation projects.
its inception has been forward operating
Planning Division. The intent is to identify With Executive Order 13514’s release bases. Reducing their energy and water
topics related to emerging technologies in October 2009, CASI has become very requirements as well as waste generation is
and issues, and to analyze their potential active in helping USACE, the Army and critical to reducing the vulnerable logistics
impacts on installations. the Department of Defense address the demands, e.g., long lines of supply trucks,
The team devised a protocol for selecting EO’s many challenges. CASI formed to support the Army’s forward operations.
and analyzing topics. The first three topics a team, involving experts from ERDC
In FY 2010, CASI teams conducted
identified were: and the Institute for Water Resources,
studies on the baseline requirements
• evolving commercial fleet vehicles, to assist Headquarters, USACE, in the
for water, energy, waste and base camp
operations at forward operating bases of
varying scale. These studies will help the
Army select appropriate technologies to
improve current operations and will provide
the baseline needed to help shape research
into the next generation of forward
facilities.
Reports related to these FY 2010
activities are posted on the CASI website,
https://casi.erdc.usace.army.mil.

POC is William Goran, CASI director, 217-373-


6735, William.d.goran@usace.army.mil.
Dana Finney is a public affairs specialist, ERDC-
CERL, Champaign, Ill.
Reducing water and energy consumption at forward operating bases could reduce the number of supply
convoys, placing fewer Soldiers in harm’s way. U.S. Army photo

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 9


Huntsville Center missions surpass $1.6 billion in fiscal 2010
by Charles Ford

C
ontracts for installation support determinations for Corps districts and Acronyms and Abbreviations
projects awarded by the U.S. Army installations, and put together relocatable ACP Access Control Point
Engineering and Support Center, facility request packages. ASFS Army Stationing Facilities Support
Huntsville, Ala., in fiscal year 2010 totaled COS Center of Standardization
an impressive $1.69 billion, up from $1.09 Planning and Programming
CUP Commercial Utilities Program
billion last fiscal year. Purpose – The Planning and
DoD Department of Defense
Programming team manages all areas
Huntsville Center is the U.S. Army ECIP Energy Conservation Investment Program
of installation planning from energy to
Corps of Engineers’ Installation Support
physical development. Services include: EEAP Energy Engineering Analysis Program
Center of Expertise. Its project managers
planning charrettes, area development ESPC Energy Savings Performance Contracts
partner with Corps districts; Directorates
guides or plans, real property master FRP Facilities Reduction Program
of Public Works; Headquarters, Installation
plans, comprehensive energy and water
Management Command; and other federal FRR Facilities Repair and Renewal
management plans, real property inventory
agencies on projects. FY fiscal year
updates and infrastructure capacity analysis.
Army Stationing Facilities Support HVAC heating, ventilation and air conditioning
FY 2010 – In addition to ongoing
Purpose – ASFS coordinates facilities program actions, Planning and IDIQ indefinite delivery-indefinite quantity
requirements analyses and leads planning Programming awarded 29 requirements IMCOM Installation Management Command
charrettes for Army installations that analyses, 46 planning charrettes and three ISCX Installation Support Center of Expertise
will see the move of more than 140,000 area development plans at a value of about MEDCOM (U.S. Army) Medical Command
personnel during FYs 2010 to 2013. ASFS $3.8 million.
MILCON Military Construction
also provides IMCOM with centralized
programmatic support for master planning MILCON Transformation Center of MDMS Meter Data Management System

and Military Construction programming. Standardization MRR Medical Repair and Renewal
Support includes managing program Purpose – The facilities to support an REM resource efficiency managers
resources, normalizing associated costs and Army organized according to modular RTLP Ranges and Training Land Program
assisting with Office of the Assistant Chief concepts are critical to the success of the
UMCS Utility Monitoring and Control Systems
of Staff for Installation Management- and MILCON program. Huntsville Center
leads COS efforts for 17 facility types and USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
IMCOM-directed studies.
is working with proponents to further
FY 2010 – ASFS provided economic available through the Programming
develop and modify Army standards for
analyses for 217 relocatable facilities at Administration and Execution processor,
these facilities.
numerous installations, including lease for standard facility types.
and buy analyses and source-of-funding FY 2010 – The COS, in partnership
with geographic Corps districts, awarded Ranges and Training Land Program
more than $86.6 million Purpose – The RTLP provides program
of MILCON in direct management and engineering support to
support of this strategic the Range Modernization Program, which
initiative. Following the consists of more than 250 Army, Army
FY 2009 award of 25 Reserve and National Guard projects.
COS facilities, the COS Support includes establishing engineering
supported the field’s criteria and standard designs, initial
construction efforts in FY planning and site selection, facilitating
2010 through technical planning charrettes and preparing
support including MILCON programming documentation.
contractor design reviews.
RTLP provides programmatic oversight
To aid planning and and technical support to Corps districts
programming of future responsible for design and construction
facilities, the COS also of range projects. Project assessments
Workers install solar panels on the roof of a dining facility at Fort Bliss,
continued development evaluate the project from these functional
an alternative energy program managed by Huntsville Center’s UMCS
program. Photo courtesy of Huntsville Center of template DD 1391s, areas: training capability, surface ➤

10 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page) their customers. The key
danger zone capability, constructability to the program’s success
and standard design compliance, is the innovative use
National Environmental Policy Act, of indefinite-delivery,
telecommunications infrastructure and indefinite-quantity
unexploded ordnance. service and construction
contracts covering all
Army Centralized Furniture Program 50 states plus U.S.
Purpose – Huntsville Center is the territories.
Army’s Centralized Furniture Program The FRR Program
manager for barracks and administrative has two execution
furnishings. Its customers include Army strategies. The architect-
Contracting Command and Navy and engineer IDIQ service
Air Force installations. Competitive contracts provide
procurements using General Services designs, studies,
Administration schedules result in fair investigations, surveying
opportunities for manufacturers, and and mapping, tests and
consistent quality and maximum cost planning support. The
avoidance for the Army. The program also design-build IDIQ
monitors projects after contract award to construction contracts
ensure on-time delivery. are multiple-award task-
FY2010 – The Army Centralized order contracts with
Furniture Program obligated more than design-build capabilities.
$272 million, its largest-ever program. The task order award
The program furnished 355 barracks process takes an average
with 61,531 barracks spaces and 482 of 45 days.
administration facilities while avoiding FY 2010 – FRR Air Force Brig. Gen. Ian Dickinson, 81st Training Wing commander, uses an
costs of more than $105 million. Costs excavator to begin demolition of a lodging facility at Keesler Air Force Base,
awarded $60 million Miss., one of three buildings being demolished there under an IDIQ task order
were 29 percent under GSA pricing. in repair, renewal and issued by Huntsville Center’s FRP. Photo by Kemberly Groue, U.S. Air Force
Key projects completed or awarded construction contracts.
provide customers with significantly lower
included: the Fort Knox, Ky., Human Two of the 15 awards were American
demolition costs, minimal time to remove a
Resource Center of Excellence; the Recovery and Reinvestment Act-funded
facility, maximum salvage or recycle credit
Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., projects including an award-winning, state-
and maximum landfill diversion.
Command, Control, Communications, of-the-art visitor center at Table Rock
Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, Lake in Branson, Mo. Another noteworthy The two most important FRP metrics
Reconnaissance complex; the Fort Bragg, project was the total renovation of the Air are cost per square foot and landfill
N.C., Community Emergency Services Force Personnel Center Headquarters at diversion percentage. Army policy
Station; the Carlisle Barracks, Pa., Visitor Randolph Air Force Base, Texas, valued at requires a minimum of 50 percent of a
and Education Center; the Presidio, Calif., $25 million. demolished building’s weight be diverted
General Instruction Building; and Fort from landfills. By using best industry
Bragg’s new unaccompanied personnel Facilities Reduction Program practices such as maximizing recycling and
housing. Purpose – The FRP’s sole mission is to grinding concrete for use as aggregate and
cost effectively remove excess facilities. This engineered fill, the FRP team has achieved
Facilities Repair and Renewal program searches out and identifies best an average diversion rate of 71 percent.
Program industry practices for removal of facilities (Editor’s note: See article on page 35.)
Purpose – The FRR Program offers and has developed regionally focused FY 2010 – FRP awarded $12.9 million
a fast, efficient method for design and multiple-award task-order contracts in demolition for the Army, Air Force,
execution of all types of facility repairs, around them. The result is that FRP can NASA and the Army Reserve. The
renovations and minor construction. This put specialized demolition contractors contracts awarded for the Army generated
program is available to all districts and at the right place at the right time to ➤

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 11


(continued from previous page) Expertise develops and maintains design FY 2010 – Metering for 161 IMCOM
an average cost per square foot of $10.85 criteria, prepares and reviews designs and garrisons, seven Army Materiel Command
and will remove 525,000 square feet in test procedures, and provides technical garrisons, four Reserve garrisons, three
excess facilities. assistance during all phases of procurement, continental MEDCOM regions and 240
installation, testing and commissioning. Reserve sites were awarded. A majority
Access Control Point Program The team also provides trouble-shooting of the projects are located at overseas
Purpose – The ACP Program, centrally services. Acquisitions are accomplished IMCOM garrisons in Europe, Japan
funded by the Office of the Provost through single- and multiple-award IDIQ and Korea. Of those, meters have been
Marshal General through the Product contracts. completely installed at 20 garrisons, and
Manager for Force Protection Systems, FY 2010 – UMCS awarded about 630 meter systems are fully functioning at seven
provides the installed equipment needed to contract actions and obligated roughly garrisons, although metering of facilities
prepare entry gates at Army installations $249 million, which pushed the total active beyond the program minimum is being
for automated entry. task order award value to more than $600 pursued by most garrisons.
FY2010 – The ACP Program is more million, an increase of 55 percent over FY MDMS received a certificate
than 40 percent complete. ACP planning 2009’s awards of $161 million. of networthiness from the Army
and equipment upgrades are installed at 26 Networthiness Office and was fielded at
of 59 garrisons. ACPs have been prepared Electronic Security Systems Program Fort Stewart, Ga., Fort Carson, Colo., and
to receive the automated installation Purpose – The Electronic Security West Point, N.Y.
entry system at 13 of 33 installations on Systems Program supports customers at
the customer’s priority list. Design and Army garrisons worldwide, the National Energy Savings Performance
planning efforts are complete at 14 of 17 Guard Bureau, Marine Forces Reserves, Contracting
installations, and vehicle barrier safety DoD and other federal agencies. Purpose – This program delivers
equipment is installed at three of nine FY 2010 – The program awarded $55.1 energy- and water-reducing capital
installations. million in contract actions to push the total improvements that the garrison cannot
current workload value to almost $100 fund through existing operating funds
The ACP team initiated plans to
million. The FY 2010 contract obligation or other funding sources. In consultation
improve coordination between the various
amount represents a 26 percent increase with the garrison, the energy service
government agencies that are involved
over the $43.5 million obligated in FY contractor provides capital and expertise to
with Army ACPs. The ACP Program
2009. make comprehensive energy- and water-
acquisitions are under development
efficiency improvements and maintains
for equipment installation and ACP Army Metering Program those improvements in exchange for a
construction, design and maintenance.
Purpose – To comply with the Energy portion of the generated savings. The
Utility Monitoring and Control Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy energy service contractor guarantees that
Systems Program Independence and Security Act of 2007, the improvements will generate sufficient
Purpose – The UMCS Program advanced meters, known as smart meters, savings to pay for the project over the term
Mandatory Center of Expertise supports are being installed on about 8,700 Army, of the contract, which cannot exceed 25
customers at Army garrisons, Department Medical Command, Army Reserve and years.
of Defense and other federal agencies with National Guard facilities to monitor Headquarters, IMCOM, centrally funds
consistent, high-quality, reliable and cost- and electronically report consumption of Huntsville Center’s efforts to provide
effective products and services. Designing, electricity, natural gas, steam and water. this service. More than $402.8 million
procuring and installing complex The meter data will be electronically in private-sector-financed infrastructure
monitoring and control systems are transmitted to a central database, the improvements have been constructed at 49
specialized skills. These systems include: Meter Data Management System, which Army installations since FY 2000. Energy
building automation; supervisory control will give energy managers the means to savings total about $45.8 million per year.
and data acquisition; advanced metering; identify excessive energy use, waste and
FY 2010 – An ESPC project was
fire alarm; heating, ventilation and air inefficiencies at the facility level. The
awarded at Detroit Arsenal, Mich.,
conditioning; photovoltaic; and alternative MDMS will access facility data such as
which included $11.6 million in energy
or renewable energy sources. square footage, functional use and type
conservation improvements for heating
of construction from the real property
The UMCS Mandatory Center of system decentralization, permanent
inventory to pair with meter readings. ➤

12 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page) Base Operations San Antonio; and Fort energy project funding streams. If the
Bliss, Texas. REM does not produce a positive return
chiller installation cogeneration and
Subject matter experts from Huntsville on investment, his or her contract is not
infrared heating. The payback is16 years
Center, the Construction Engineering renewed.
11 months, and the guaranteed first year
savings is $1.9 million. Research Laboratory, Idaho National Total expenditures on REMs in place
Laboratory, the Department of Energy are $3.7 million. This amount equates to a
At Camp Humphreys, Korea, an ESPC
and private industry identify and develop total program value of 5.4 times what the
is providing an $11.8 million energy
energy conservation measures, then assist Army has invested.
monitoring control system for HVAC
garrison commanders and directors of FY 2010 – The REM program was
equipment to improve comfort and reduce
Public Works in selecting the appropriate not centrally funded by Headquarters,
energy consumption with a payback of
execution strategies and in developing IMCOM; however, Huntsville Center
15 years, 8 months. The control system
capital investment strategies. The EEAP awarded contracts for REM Level IIIs at
will allow monitoring, scheduling, control
provides project documentation, e.g., ECIP Picatinny Arsenal, N.J., and Fort Irwin,
and diagnostic capability from a central
DD 1391s, data for input into IMCOM’s Calif., for a total of $443,085. Huntsville
location. The guaranteed first year cost
Project Priority System, the scope of work Center also awarded option year extensions
savings is $1.1 million.
for ESPC opportunities, life-cycle project at Fort Bragg’s central energy plant and
Energy Conservation Investment cost estimates and energy savings payback garrison; Fort Benning, Ga.; Military
Program analyses. Ocean Terminal, Concord, Calif.; and
Purpose – ECIP is a MILCON-funded Since FY 2006, 32 IMCOM garrisons West Point; for a total of $956,204.
program to improve the energy efficiency have used EEAP to identify projects During FY 2010, REMs identified $26
of DoD facilities while reducing associated with an aggregate annual energy savings million in yearly savings with almost $20
utility energy and nonenergy related costs. potential of 6,206,493 British thermal million in realized savings from executed
ECIP is a key component of DoD’s energy units and annual cost savings potential of projects and initiatives. The total project
management strategy. $125.4 million. The average payback is life savings if all REM-identified projects
ECIP projects focus on energy and fewer than four years. and initiatives are implemented by the
water savings, implementing renewable FY 2010 – Thirteen ECIP project DD Army would total $184 million.
energy and converting systems to cleaner 1391s were completed, and 24 more are in
energy sources. ECIP projects are progress. The Huntsville Center Energy Commercial Utilities Program
prioritized based on the greatest life-cycle Portal was stood up on Engineering Purpose – This centrally funded
cost payback as determined by the savings- Knowledge Online to facilitate secure program ensures utilities are purchased
to-investment-ratio. upload of required information, energy using the best terms and rates available,
information sharing and energy and utilities are resold to garrison tenants
FY 2010 – Huntsville Center assisted
conservation measures analyses. in compliance with policies and regulations
in awarding and executing 15 energy
at fair rates. The Army averages six utility
conservation projects. These ranged from a
Resource Efficiency Manager rate hearings annually at which utility
single solar water heater at Fort Sill, Okla.,
Program companies seek rate increases of from
to a complete power plant renovation at
Purpose – This program places REMs, 6 to22 percent. The CUP provides a
Dugway Proving Ground, Utah. The total
who are energy expert consultants, at consultant to represent the Army as an
for these projects was $18 million.
Army garrisons to help installations meet expert witness at these hearings, helping to
Energy Engineering and Analysis energy goals by finding, developing and avoid or minimize increases.
Program employing energy conservation measures The CUP also assists garrisons in
Purpose – This program provides and renewable energy projects. IMCOM reviewing utility billings to ensure the
holistic optional investment grade energy funds the first year of REM services, and proper rates are being applied and to catch
audits of installations and facilities. the garrison funds the subsequent year other errors. The program has achieved
EEAP customers include: IMCOM; options. savings and cost avoidances totaling more
Headquarters, USACE; Army Reserve; REMs have identified energy savings than $108 million since 2004.
the Defense Logistics Agency; the 88th opportunities that yield as much as 10 FY 2010 – The CUP saved the Army
Readiness Support Center; the Air times their annual salary cost, and they about $6.5 million by intervening in two
Education Training Command and Joint provide valuable assistance in using all rate increase filings at a cost of $95,000. ➤

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 13


Corps’ environmental year in review
by Candice Walters


Taking it to the field” could very well of Practice. “We need to be recognized Acronyms and Abbreviations
be the tagline for U.S. Army Corps as a federal leader in taking care of the BRAC Base Realignment and Closure
of Engineers’ environmental program environment, earning our reputation as DoD Department of Defense
activities during the past year. USACE the nation’s environmental engineer; to be FY fiscal year
environmental professionals found fully collaborative in our work, reaching USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
themselves interacting more and more with out across all program lines within the
customers, partners and environmental Corps and being fully inclusive of the balancing competing interests within a
professionals from other federal agencies, best resources outside the Corps, because watershed.
academia and nongovernmental collaboration will make our decisions Balocki said he was impressed during
organizations as they shared information better and more robust, even though the conference with the strong willingness
about the strides the Corps has been getting there may be harder; and to be to embrace change and to figure out how
making in building a strong, sustainable focused on outcomes and outputs to be to work better together, both within the
environment for future generations. able to show both our customers and Corps and with partners and colleagues
From hosting town hall meetings taxpayers something concrete at the end of outside the Corps, to not only share
at Corps districts and divisions to the day.” lessons learned but also to find creative
participating in conferences with other Collaboration, finding solutions and innovative ways to solve the complex
federal agencies and nongovernmental to complex problems, incorporating problems facing all.
organizations and even teaching Boy sustainability and maintaining persistence “Clearly ours is difficult work,” Balocki
Scouts about the dangers of unexploded were the themes interwoven throughout said. “It’s time consuming and labor
ordnance and the value of conservation at the USACE environmental community’s intensive, but at the end of the day, the
the National Scouting Jamboree, Corps August conference where participants payoffs are worth the effort. The passion
environmental professionals have been looked at how the community can work and commitment of our employees for
sharing messages about its environmental better with its customers, partners and solving these hard issues continues to make
work and the need to increase other environmental professionals. The the Corps of Engineers an unparalleled
collaboration. conference focused on collaborating across leader in the world’s environmental
“I’ve challenged the Corps the wide spectrum of environmental community.”
environmental community this year in concerns from adaptive management
One of the big focus areas this past year
three areas,” said James B. Balocki, chief of approaches, climate change and
within the Corps and throughout the
the USACE Environmental Community sustainability to green remediation and ➤

(continued from previous page) provides a fast, efficient method for design Installation Support Center of
Two more filings are under review for and execution of all types of medical Expertise
potential DoD intervention. facility repairs, renovations and minor The ISCX links state-of-the-art
construction projects. MRR provides business practices and innovative
Utility procurement assessments for program and project management, processes in its partnership with districts
garrisons in Korea, Okinawa and Japan engineering, contracting and construction and other organizations by providing
were completed. The program also assisted support to DoD and non-DoD agencies comprehensive and cost-effective support
the Corps’ Pacific Ocean Division with nationwide. to DoD installations. Through centralized
utilities privatization issues and Fort
FY 2010 – The program is managing management with decentralized execution,
Irwin in negotiations for its water and
more than $515 million in awarded ISCX leverages program management,
wastewater treatment plant privatization
medical facility repair and renovation engineering, contracting and legal matrix
project. And the CUP provided assistance
projects for MEDCOM, the Air Force, expertise embedded in its virtual project
to Southern Command for utility
the Navy and the Department of Veterans delivery teams.
connections and utility service contracts
for the headquarters building under Affairs. MRR awarded more than $161
million of this work in FY 2010, including POC is Steve Lewis, ISCX, Huntsville Center,
construction at Miami Garrison. 256-895-1397, stephen.r.lewis@usace.army.mil.
about $27 million in American Recovery
Medical Repair and Renewal and Reinvestment Act-funded projects. Charles Ford is the director, Installation Support
Program and Programs Management Directorate,
Purpose – The MRR Program Huntsville Center.

14 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page) Corps provides to its customers through to reduce operation and maintenance costs.
Military Programs, Civil Works, and With this type of sustainable work
Army and Department of Defense has
research and development to help them already under way, it’s easy to see that the
been sustainability. All federal agencies,
meet their sustainability goals. Corps is in this for the long haul, Temple
including DoD, Army and USACE have
developed and begun working on their One way that the Corps has been said.
strategic sustainability performance plans to helping its customers meet sustainability “It makes sense for USACE, our nation
meet the requirements of Executive Order goals is by identifying and costing energy and our customers,” he said.
13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, and sustainably enhancements for five
standard building types on military When it comes to customers and
Energy, and Economic Performance. environmental work, fiscal year 2010
installations. In fiscal year 2010, the
For the Corps, Jo-Ellen Darcy, the was a banner year in the USACE
Corps’ Center for the Advancement of
assistant secretary of the Army for civil environmental community, Balocki said.
Sustainability Innovations completed four
works, is the senior sustainability officer. USACE completed nearly $1.68 billion
studies to characterize the water, energy,
“We have set an ambitious target for our waste and operational requirements in reimbursable cleanup and restoration
sustainability program,” Darcy said. “It’s a of forward bases and is beginning a efforts — more than $240 million, or about
challenge, but this agency has risen to every research effort to create a virtual forward 15 percent, above last year’s efforts.
challenge presented to it over the years.” operating base with scalable solutions to As of Oct. 1, the Corps accomplished
To help ensure that the Corps reaches integrate energy, water, waste, security and about $300 million in environmental
its sustainability goals, a new Corps of operations. quality work; $500 million in installation
Engineers Strategic Sustainability Council, On the Military Construction front, the restoration work; $280 million in BRAC
which includes senior leaders from all Corps is on track to make the Washington environmental work; $330 million in the
functional areas of the Corps’ headquarters, Headquarters Services’ 1.6 million-square- Formerly Used Defense Sites work; and
divisions, districts, laboratories and field foot office building, being constructed as $280 in Superfund work for the U.S.
activities, was stood up at the end of the part of the Base Realignment and Closure Environmental Protection Agency. EPA
fiscal year. Act efforts in the Washington, D.C., also provided about $260 million to the
metro area, a Leadership in Energy and Corps in American Reinvestment and
Maj. Gen. Merdith W.B. Temple, the
Environmental Design Gold certified Recovery Act funding to obligate and
Corps’ deputy commanding general,
building. It will use 50 percent less water execute for 16 Superfund projects across
described the USACE sustainability
than a traditional building of the same size, FYs 2009 and 2010.
program as a command responsibility that
follows two lines of operations — looking will have motion-activated LED lighting, Results like that, however, are not
at internal efforts to ensure that “we do and the trees that were removed from the accomplished in a vacuum. Instead, they
what we say, and say what we do;” and an construction site are being used in the can only be accomplished by listening
external one that looks at the services the building. to and working with the environmental
At Fort Irwin, community’s customers to ensure
Calif., work on that everyone is focused on achieving
a deployable- collaborative, cost-effective, efficient and
renewable energy sustainable solutions.
power station is “We owe it to the American taxpayers
under way. Its to work together with others to make the
remote, off-grid difficult environmental decisions and move
facilities include forward,” Balocki said. “We’re leaving a
solar, wind and legacy. The only question is, what do we
conventional want that legacy to be?”
generator
technologies, POC is Candice Walters, 202-528-4285,
battery storage and candice.s.walters@usace.army.mil.
The Fort Belvoir, Va., Community Hospital, being constructed by USACE’s power conditioning Candice Walters is the environmental public
Norfolk District, will have a number of green features, including a roof designed to to not only provide affairs specialist, Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps
collect rainwater that will be used to irrigate the hospital grounds. Photo by Marc reliable power but
Barnes of Engineers.

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 15


Corps labs: Sustainable installations through research, development
by Ilker Adiguzel

F
iscal year 2010 saw some exciting Acronyms and Abbreviations
developments in the Construction CERL Construction Engineering Research
Engineering Research Laboratory’s Laboratory
installation support research. Drawing DoD Department of Defense
worldwide attention are programs that DPW Directorate of Public Works
address energy issues through renewable EISA Energy Independence and Security Act
and other technologies, modeling and ERDC Engineer Research and Development
Center
simulation, building automation, security
FY fiscal year
and, more recently, base camps.
IMCOM Installation Management Command
Another major research area seeks ISR Installation Status Report
innovative solutions to mitigate corrosion
at Department of Defense facilities. Also Ilker Adiguzel and input to installation DD Form1391
serving a DoD priority, asset management Photo by Sandra Bantz, development, helping to achieve a
is the continued development and ERDC-CERL Leadership in Energy and Environmental
enhancement of the CERL-developed Innovations, housed at CERL, continues Design Silver or better rating. In
sustainment management systems that to serve as a central hub to help achieve addition, CERL began to develop design
include PAVER, RAILER, BUILDER the goals of the Army Strategy for the specifications and guidelines for solar water
and ROOFER. Environment and to help DoD address the heating technology to be combined with
To support installation Directorates of requirements of Executive Order 13541. central heating systems at Army facilities
Public Works, the laboratory, part of the (Editor’s note: See article on page 9). that have significant year-round use of
Engineer Research and Development domestic hot water, e.g., barracks, dining
Center, works with multiple partners Energy program facilities, child development centers ands
and stakeholders, such as the Office of CERL’s nearly 40 years’ experience gyms. EISA requires all new and retrofit
the Assistant Secretary of the Army for addressing energy issues serves the buildings to have 30 percent or more of
Installations, Energy and Environment; Army well as the nation now strives to their hot water provided by solar systems
the Installation Management Command; eliminate dependence on foreign oil and when it proves life-cycle cost effective.
the Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff reduce greenhouse gases. CERL’s current CERL also continued to investigate
for Installation Management; Corps of initiatives parallel requirements of national building features, construction methods
Engineers’ headquarters and districts; legislation such as the Energy Policy Act and materials that would optimize energy
other government agencies; academia; of 2005 and the Energy Independence and reduction and sustainability in standard
and industry. In addition, the Center Security Act of 2007. designs. As a minimum, the objective is
for the Advancement of Sustainability Specifically, these activities aim to: to ensure that standard designs meet all
• reduce overall energy applicable energy reduction and sustainable
consumption, design policy mandates.
• increase energy efficiency, EISA reductions in fossil fuel require
• increase use of renewable and 65 to 80 percent more energy-efficient
alternative energy, facilities using Commercial Buildings
• assure access to sufficient Energy Consumption Survey data.
energy supplies for improved CERL is working with Headquarters,
security and independence, and USACE, along with USACE Centers
of Standardization, Department of
• reduce dependence on and
Energy laboratories and the Association
environmental impacts of fossil
of Heating, Refrigeration and Air-
fuels.
conditioning, to come up with designs for
During FY 2010, energy five building types initially. The extra costs
researchers continued to to achieve the goals, beyond the previous
support IMCOM’s utilities standard construction costs, will also be
Joseph Karbarz of ERDC uses BUILDER’s new framework that recapitalization strategy
allows two-way data exchange with the ISR. Photo courtesy of calculated.
ERDC through technical reviews
Specific targets include: ➤

16 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page) the likelihood
• planning for the Army community to be that the steel-
net-zero ready, reinforced
• 60 to 80 percent energy reduction com- concrete will fail.
pared to the Commercial Buildings It affords
Energy Consumption Survey 2003, longer service
• 30 percent domestic hot water life and less
reduction, maintenance,
• 50 percent wastewater reduction, and and it allows
builders to use
• 25 percent operating cost reduction.
30 percent less
The first five facility type standard steel, lowering
designs are battalion and brigade construction
headquarters, unaccompanied enlisted costs. The
personnel housing, tactical equipment product has
maintenance facilities, enlisted personnel multiple
dining facilities and company operations potential uses for
facilities. infrastructure.
Engineer Research and Development Center has a patent pending for a novel
Combating corrosion Asset vitreous enamel coating that prevents rebar corrosion. Photo courtesy of ERDC
Corrosion is an expensive problem management the individual ISR facility elements
that causes potential dangers and the DoD set a goal to manage identified in its booklets were linked to
unavailability of military assets. Public infrastructure assets with an integrated the corresponding BUILDER inventory
Law 107-314 directed the secretary of linear segmentation method by 2012. items based on the ASTM Uniformat II
Defense to, “develop and implement a To this end, the department adopted the classification system.
long-term strategy to reduce corrosion Army’s sustainment management systems
and the effects of corrosion on the In addition, ISR ratings of green, amber
developed by CERL to manage roads and
military equipment and infrastructure of and red were mapped to the sustainment
other infrastructure assets. These tools
the Department of Defense.” management system and condition index
provide the DPW the means to assess
scale related to facility quality or to the
CERL is the Army’s lead agent for the condition, performance and readiness of
functionality index related to facility
resulting Tri-Service Corrosion Prevention facilities.
capability. This connection provides a way
and Control program. The proponent is CERL researchers noted many for BUILDER to extract ISR condition
the deputy under secretary of Defense for synergies between the BUILDER and functionality data for certain building
acquisition, logistics and technology. sustainment management system and systems as needed. It also supports
Last year, a team consisting of CERL the Installation Status Report. Using populating ISR with quality and mission
and the Geotechnical and Structures standardization mapping of their capability ratings when a BUILDER
Laboratory developed and tested a novel common data elements, CERL created assessment has been performed.
technology called corrosion-resistant a framework for two-way data exchange.
In effect, this effort bridges the gap
vitreous enamel coating for bonding This project was funded by the assistant
between Army headquarters’ executive
concrete to steel, known as COR- chief of staff for installation management’s
facility information needs and DoD’s
PROTEX. This product is the world’s Installation Technology Transition
goal to fully implement integrated asset
first application of a vitreous enamel Program.
management by 2012.
coating used with steel rebar to make it The exchange format synergistically
impervious to corrosion due to chloride links local, tactical-level facility condition POC is Dana Finney, Public Affairs Office, CERL,
intrusion from concrete. and functional requirements identified 217-373-6714, dana.l.finney@usace.army.mil.
COR-PROTEX is mixed with the and managed through BUILDER
cement before placing the rebar. It reduces to the strategic, headquarters-level, Dr. Ilker Adiguzel is the director, CERL,
the tendency of the steel rebar to corrode mission-readiness quality and mission Champaign, Ill.
by at least 50 percent, greatly reducing metrics reported in the ISR. To do this,

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 17


Oahu Army Natural Resources reintroduces native plants, saves snails,
protects flies
by Michelle Elmore, Amanda Hardman and Kapua Kawelo

T
hree of Oahu Army Natural on Ohikilolo Ridge, above Makua Military Acronyms and Abbreviations
Resources Program’s biggest Reservation. DPW Directorate of Public Works
milestones during the past year P. kaalae is an endangered palm endemic OANRP Oahu Army Natural Resources Program
have been reintroducing the flowers of to the Waianae Mountains, where only a USAG U.S. Army Garrison
an endangered palm, the discovery that little more than 300 known wild plants
Jackson’s chameleons are eating endangered observed seedlings or immature plants.
exist. This species faces a number of threats
tree snails and gaining responsibility for Following rodent control at Ohikilolo
that must be addressed in conservation
two new endangered fly species on the by OANRP staff, along with fence
efforts. Rats, wild goats and pigs pose a
island of Oahu, Hawaii. construction around wild plant populations
threat to its habitat, potentially trampling,
and goat removal, abundant seedlings
The OANRP consists of more than uprooting or grazing on seedlings or young
began to appear around the wild plants.
50 contracted employees working for the plants.
University of Hawaii’s Pacific Cooperative To boost P. kaalae numbers in the wild,
This species represents a milestone for
Studies Unit. OANRP is headed by a OANRP staff have grown more than 500
conservation efforts. Until now, the number
federal biologist and the Environmental individuals from collected seed and planted
of years it takes for a P. kaalae plant to
Division chief of the U.S. Army Garrison these seedlings in the Waianae Mountains
reach maturity, begin flowering and
Hawaii’s Directorate of Public Works. since 1999. Part of the goal is to produce
produce fruit had been undocumented. A
populations that will begin to reproduce on
Responsible for managing rare plants single plant grown from seed and planted
their own.
and animals found in Oahu Army training at Oahu’s Waimea Botanical Garden was
areas and the ecosystems on which they estimated to have flowered after seven Jackson’s chameleons invades
depend, OANRP staff members spend years. Yet, because this plant received Jackson’s chameleons, undeniably
their days on Oahu’s Army installations, supplemental water and care in cultivation, charismatic critters native to Kenya and
home to almost 80 percent of Oahu’s it was unknown if the time it took to Tanzania, have perhaps laid their final ➤
endangered species, helping to protect flower would be comparable
more than 50 endangered plant species, for plants grown in the wild,
seven species of tree snails and the Oahu nourished solely by rainwater.
elepaio, a native forest bird. Now, there is potential for
Pritchardia kaalae flowers reintroduced P. kaalae plants to
begin producing offspring.
The very first Pritchardia kaalae to reach
maturity in a reintroduction site, where Before management of P.
rare plants grown from seed are planted kaalae began, only mature trees
into the wild, was observed this past year were found in the wild, with no

Julia Lee, OANRP natural resources management


First documented flowers bud on a coordinator, admires the first mature Pritchardia
reintroduced Pritchardia kaalae. kaalae from a reintroduction site. Photo by Kapua Wild Pritchardia kaalae grows at Ohikilolo, above Makua
Photo by Kapua Kawelo Kawelo Military Reservation, Hawaii. Photo courtesy of OANRP staff

18 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page) the fragile and rare ecosystems
straw. Last year, OANRP staff members remaining on the Hawaiian
Vincent Costello and Michael Walker Islands.
collected two Jackson’s chameleons on OANRP staff continues to
Puu Kumakalii directly behind Schofield survey the neighboring areas in
Barracks’ West Range. order to get a better idea of the
The final straw? These two Jackson’s Jackson’s chameleons’ extent and
were found to have feasted on one of dietary preferences. If Jackson’s
Oahu’s own charismatic critters: the are thought to be a large enough
endangered kahuli tree snails. threat to the endangered snail,
OANRP will look to innovative
For years, Brenden Holland, director management strategies to control
of the endangered Hawaiian tree snail Jackson’s in snail territories.
captive breeding and conservation genetics Native to East Africa, Jackson’s chameleons were introduced to
lab at the University of Hawaii, has been New tiny taxa found the Hawaiian Islands in the 1970s as pets but now may be a
collecting Jackson’s chameleons to dissect, In 2007, the U.S. Fish and threat to an endangered snail. Photo by Phil Taylor
based on the belief that they may enjoy Wildlife Service listed seven Oahu
the endangered tree snails as part of their picture wing flies, or Hawaiian Drosophila,
diverse diet. More than 400 Jackson’s had as endangered species. Each different type,
been dissected with no sign of ingested or taxa, has an intricate wing pattern all
kahuli until the two chameleons found at its own, giving them the name “picture-
Puu Kumakalii were studied. wings.”
Although the Kumakalii population of Ranging in size from a sunflower seed
the snails is not specifically managed by the to a mere sesame seed in length, the 1,000
OANRP, it is very closely monitored. For of these tiny species currently described
nearly a decade, the snails’ population has are thought to have evolved from a single
remained constant. Signs of rat predation ancestor. Drosophila are found worldwide, Fragments of endangered Kahuli tree snail
are minimal, and the nonnative carnivorous but the Hawaiian species are the largest shells are recovered from the stomach of one of
rosy wolf snail, another predator of Kahuli, and most ornate in the genus and perform the Kumakalii Jackson’s chameleons. Photo by
has yet to be seen at Kumakalii. the most elaborate mating dances. Anita Manning
OANRP staff remains concerned about Hawaiian Drosophila are related to Fence Unit, an area proposed for fencing to
the potential threat Jackson’s chameleons Drosophila melanogaster, the infamous fruit protect endangered species from threats by
have to the endangered snail. The public fly that is a major agricultural pest. Unlike wild pigs and goats.
has been urged not to release pets, D. melanogaster, which lays its eggs in fruit
especially Jackson’s chameleons, into the and is not native to Hawaii, the Hawaiian POCs are Alvin Char, chief, Environmental
wild because of the potential threat to Drosophila use many different parts of Division, DPW, USAG Hawaii, 808-656-5790,
native plants for egg laying. In fact, the alvin.char@us.army.mil; and Michelle Mansker,
listed endangered picture wings lay their natural resources manager, DPW, USAG Hawaii,
eggs on only a specific and narrow range of 808-655-9189, michelle.mansker@us.army.mil.
native host plants. Michelle Elmore and Amanda Hardman are
When the picture wing flies were listed natural resources management technicians,
as endangered, the Army initiated surveys Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, Research
on Oahu Army training ranges. This year, Corporation of the University of Hawaii. Kapua
two endangered tiny taxa were identified at Kawelo is a biologist, USAG Hawaii. All three
Schofield Barracks: Drosophila substenoptera work with the OANRP.
and Drosophila montgomeryi, during surveys
led by Steve Montgomery, for whom D.
Drosophila montgomeryi is one of the newly
montgomeryi was named.
identified taxa at Schofield Barracks.
Photo by Karl Magnacca Both taxa are located within the Lihue

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 19


Europe District sees major construction projects, unique challenges in
new countries
by Rachel Goodspeed

A
t 6 a.m. local time Sept. 30, the U.S. construction project to fruition required Acronyms and Abbreviations
Army Corps of Engineers’ Europe innovative approaches to organization and DoDDS Department of Defense Dependents Schools
District closed the books on fiscal acquisition. EB-G Efficient Basing Grafenwoehr
year 2010 — only to pave the way for a “It is an understatement to say it was a FY fiscal year
record-breaking $922 million predicted for lot of work, but somehow our engineers, SHAPE Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers
FY 2011. Europe
architects and master planners made it
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Altogether, the district executed more look easy,” said Col. John Kem, district
than 1,547 actions totaling roughly $527.6 commander. “This program has turned the project large, there are substantial
million in FY 2010, displaying its full- Grafenwoehr from the Army’s premiere complexities in designing a U.S. hospital
spectrum engineer force of high-quality training facility outside the United States in Germany, said Rick Flansburg, the
Civilians and Soldiers who spend each day to a truly modern, highly developed district’s senior project manager.
providing vital engineering services and community.”
capabilities. But Europe District’s real story “The Europe District, USACE, health
EB-G provided the facilities to change facility planning officials and TRICARE
lies in the milestones reached and new the former 1,000-Soldier garrison into an
territory explored over the past year. Management Activity have been doing a
installation that could support more than lot of work over the last year just to get to
Community of excellence 3,500 Soldiers and 5,000 Family members. this point on setting the conditions for this
Projects included the Netzaberg Housing project to succeed,” he said. “There’s been
After almost a decade, USACE closed
Area with 830 three- and four-bedroom a lot of work between the U.S. and the
the books on the U.S. Army’s biggest
units; a shopping center that boasts a German federal ministry of construction
construction project in Europe since
250-seat food court, a post exchange, a on how best to design the project and
the 1950s. The huge Efficient Basing
commissary and a concessions mall; troop bring it to a successful conclusion.”
Grafenwoehr project was delivered on
billet buildings, company buildings and
scope, on time and, most importantly, on So far, the district has received about
motor pools; a physical fitness center with
budget. $3 million to conduct community master
a running track and multi-purpose field;
EB-G, the U.S. Army Europe initiative upgraded medical facilities; and a modern planning and topographic, utilities, traffic,
to consolidate command and control dining facility. environmental and archeological studies on
headquarters and six battalion-sized the project site.
elements, was not business as usual. It World-class health care
Successes in Israel
consisted of more than 150 projects More than 230 architects and engineers
valued at close to $1 billion; the Europe representing 57 U.S. and German In addition to the district’s budget
District managed about $100 million each architect-engineer firms attended Industry execution of $86.9 million in foreign
year since 2001. Bringing this massive Day June 2 to receive information on a military sales in Israel during the fiscal year,
project that will the completion of a vehicle maintenance
eventually replace facility at the Nachshonim Dry Storage
the aging Landstuhl Base marked the last of dozens of military
Regional Medical construction projects totaling almost
Center and $275 million ordered by the Wye River
Ramstein Air Base Memorandum, an agreement brokered to
Clinic. ease tension between Israel and the former
Palestine Liberation Organization.
The hospital
replacement project, Although the memo was the reason
estimated at $1.2 the district set up offices in Israel, project
billion, will provide delivery accomplishments in the early
joint venture design 2000s led to an increase in demand for
opportunities for military construction oversight services
U.S. and German from the Israelis. In fact, business after the
The Grafenwoehr motor pool is just one of more than 150 projects valued at firms. Wye River projects is not only continuing,
close to $1 billion constructed as part of Efficient Basing Grafenwoehr. Photo by it’s growing.
Rachel Goodspeed Not only is ➤

20 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page)
“We expect to see requests
for our support on more and
perhaps larger projects in the
next few years than we’ve ever
seen in the past,” said Maj.
Landon Raby, former deputy
resident engineer for the
Israel Area Office. “And we’re
looking forward to providing
our allies with the same high-
The Limbaži fire station is among 10 stations in Latvia Israeli soldiers walk through Shomria, an Israeli basic
level products and services that that Europe District is renovating. Photos by Justin Ward training base constructed through the Corps’ Europe District.
they’ve come to expect. It’s just
how we do business, and it’s the in renovations and construction Closing out 2010
reason we’re still here.” projects in Europe and Africa — several of Throughout the fiscal year, the district’s
Breaking new ground which took the district into new territory. 490 employee workforce — up 10 percent
Since the 1960s, the Supreme Limbaži, a small Latvian town, knows from the previous fiscal year — proved
Headquarters Allied Powers Europe the dangers of fire. In 1747, the town why it is the organization of choice for
International School and Department of burned to the ground. Because of limited its strategic partners with construction
Defense Dependents Schools’ schools in resources, the town of about 8,000 has placement totaling $478 million.
Mons, Belgium, have not changed much. only one fire station with a solitary door The district was able to reduce its
But the district commenced design on a through which it deploys its six fire trucks. unliquidated obligations from $19.2 million
landmark $105 million project that will But this small station and nine more like on Oct. 1, 2009, to zero by Sept. 25.
bring a combined, contemporary school it around the country will receive the Unliquidated obligations are an obstacle
campus to the SHAPE community with renovations they need. every USACE district faces, but Europe
new DoDDS elementary, middle and high The contracts, funded by U.S. European District faces some unique challenges with
schools, and an international school to Command’s Civil Military Operations host nation agreements on design and
serve students from almost 40 nations. Program and administered by the Europe construction.
Mons isn’t the only area to upgrade its District, will go a long way toward With FY 2010 wrapped up, district
educational facilities. In 2010, the district reducing emergency response times. Two employees are already tackling the
saw a surge in DoDDS projects across contracts have been awarded: the $109,000 estimated $922 million FY 2011 workload,
Europe totaling more than $187 million in renovation at Limbaži and a $112,000 including the Consolidated Intelligence
renovations and construction — up from renovation at Madona. Contracts for Center and a new housing community in
just $15 million the previous fiscal year. Aizkraukle, Gulbene, Keipene, Liepaja, Wiesbaden, an Air Force Contingency
The program is anticipated to reach $1.47 Livani, Valka, Ventspils and Strenci are Response Group Compound at Ramstein
billion through FY 2016. expected to be awarded by the end of the Air Base, and new housing communities
year and will total about $1.5 million. in Ansbach and Baumholder in Germany.
In addition, the district’s Army Lodging
program achieved its own milestone as The district completed a $444,000 Other projects encompass humanitarian
construction broke ground on an $8.8 community center for children with special assistance and civil military projects across
million, 26-room Army lodge at the U.S. needs in Varvarin, Serbia, for Right to U.S. European Command’s and U.S.
Army Garrison Ansbach’s Urlas Training Smile, a Belgrade-based nongovernmental African Command’s areas of responsibility.
Area in Germany, marking the midway organization for parents of children with
point in the largest-ever Army lodging special needs. The school is one of roughly POC is Rachel Goodspeed, +49 (0)611-9744-
initiative in Europe. 26 projects the district is managing in 2847, DSN 314-570-2847, rachel.v.goodspeed@
Europe and Africa, including sites in usace.army.mil.
Where no district has gone before Albania, Armenia, Croatia, Estonia, Rachel Goodspeed is a public affairs specialist,
This year, Europe District’s International Georgia, Latvia, Moldova, Serbia, Europe District, USACE.
Engineering Branch executed $8.9 million Mauritania and Kenya.

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 21


Honolulu District contracts benefit Army, local communities
by Aiko Brum

T
he U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Act-funded project, will harness and Acronyms and Abbreviations
Honolulu District completed convert the sun’s rays to create electricity. ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
another successful fiscal year. The They will also help foster a clean, energy- FY fiscal year
district awarded 685 actions totaling independent and efficient infrastructure for USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
$272,634,689, including more than $147 the Army on the island of Oahu.
USAG U.S. Army Garrison
million to small business firms. U.S. Army In addition, a $2,726,540 ARRA USARPAC U.S. Army-Pacific
Hawaii benefitted from several contract contract awarded in January will replace
awards. the water treatment plant generator at said Mixon. “We have had, on average,
Contract awards Schofield Barracks. Another ARRA- anywhere from 10,000 to 25,000 Soldiers
funded contract awarded in January, for deployed to Afghanistan, Iraq and the
Among the awards were contracts for
$528,994, will repair exterior drainage at a Philippines. What better way to take care
architect-engineer services for the design
Schofield Barracks building. These ARRA of our Soldiers than to have great living
of FYs 2011to 2015 projects, phases one
projects help create and maintain jobs in facilities when they return back to their
through four, of a command and control
Hawaii. home station?”
facility complex — the future home of U.S.
Army Pacific’s headquarters at Fort Shafter, In August, USACE awarded a design- The Fort Shafter barracks was a quality-
Hawaii, for $21,526,998 in November bid-build contract to a small business of-life improvement implemented in the
2009. company for $9,252,522 to construct a new 2004 Army Barracks Master Plan, which
single-story, 10,000-square foot conference strives to uphold the motto, “Quality
The facility will enable the command
and technology learning center for the Facilities for Quality Soldiers.”
to exercise responsibilities across the
Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies “Together we’ve partnered to create
Pacific Region, including additional
at Fort DeRussy in Waikiki. The building this $27 million state-of-the-art, six-story
responsibilities supporting the U.S. alliance
will serve as a state-of-the-art information barracks complex,” said Lt. Col. Jon J.
with South Korea, according to Lt. Gen.
integration learning laboratory. It will Chytka, former commander, Honolulu
Benjamin Mixon, commander, USARPAC.
include a 108-person plenary space, six District. “Our task was to design and
In January, in keeping with sustainability seminar rooms, audiovisual and computer construct a barracks; a lighted, paved
initiatives, USACE awarded a $1,539,810 server rooms, required ancillary spaces and parking lot; concrete walks; covered bike
contract to replace a roof and install two an ethno-botanical garden. The project racks; and a motorcycle shed smack
photovoltaic systems on Aliamanu Military will be built to the U.S. Green Building dab in the center of most of the senior
Reservation buildings. The 47-kilowatt and Council’s Leadership in Energy and Army commands in Hawaii. As a team,
37-kilowatt photovoltaic systems, part of Environmental Design Silver rating or we focused on communications, quality,
an American Recovery and Reinvestment better. sustainability and safety with great success,
Barracks completed … and we finished the work two-and-a-
half months early.”
A maile lei untying
ceremony, the The barracks complex houses about
Hawaiian equivalent 156 single Soldiers in 78-room units. The
of a ribbon cutting, barracks have central air conditioning with
opened Fort Shafter’s individual controls in each room, as well
newest Soldiers’ as a special wall paint interior finish that
barracks April 15. is more resilient to wear-and-tear. The
finish is moisture-resistant and mold proof.
“I don’t have to
Additional improvements included solid
tell you the demands
interior doors, 9-foot ceilings, solid surface
that have been placed
kitchen countertops and 30-inch range
on our force across
ovens.
the military and
specifically here in the Of special note, the complex is
United States Army environmentally friendly and consumes
The new six-story Fort Shafter barracks houses 156 Soldiers and consumes 30 Pacific over the last 30-percent less energy than older barracks.
percent less energy than older barracks in use today. Photo courtesy of U.S. Army nine-plus years,”
Hawaii
“Over 10 years ago, the Army ➤

22 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page) office and
administration spaces;
committed to take us from squad bays and
installing new air
multi-Soldier bedrooms with large shared
conditioning, electrical,
latrines into a private room with a shared
and telecommunication
bathroom with just one other Soldier,”
and water systems; as
said Jim Duttweiler, U.S. Army Garrison
well as constructing
Hawaii deputy commander. “This project
an exterior gate and
brings us on to about 85 percent of the way
upgrading handicap
for the Army in Hawaii.”
access.
Aloha Center restored
Soldiers Chapel
In September, Fort Shafter’s Aloha revamped
Center — well-remembered by Soldiers,
In October, USACE
Families and those who lived, worked Fort Shafter’s Aloha Center entrance, following the recent rehabilitation
completed a five-
or traveled through Fort Shafter during project, matches the original from the 1940s. Photo by Dino W. Buchanan
month, $874,733
the past 70 years — was completed. The
renovation of Schofield
two-year, nearly $7 million rehabilitation
Barracks’ historic white
and restoration project overcame several
clapboard country-
challenges.
style Soldiers Chapel, a
Because of its advanced age, the building 97-year-old sanctuary
was in need of major restoration. Most of that is listed on the
the internal structure had become termite National Register of
eaten and unstable. Because of historic Historic Places and part
preservation requirements, specific portions of the National Register
of the building could not be demolished, District at Schofield
essentially making engineers rethink how Barracks. The chapel
to reconstruct on and around untouchable was featured in the
sections of the facility. 1970 movie “Tora! Tora!
Working closely with Honolulu Tora!”
District architect Maydean Martin and Renovations included The renovated Soldiers Chapel at Schofield Barracks awaits rededication
USAG Hawaii’s Directorate of Public ceremonies. Photo by Joseph Bonfiglio
repairing the sanctuary
Works architectural historian Ken Hays, and altar area and
the contractor carefully removed almost adding an addition to with the State Historic Preservation Office
65-percent of the original structure. the office. Exterior work replaced damaged for all properties 50 years old or older.
Contractors restored the facility to its wood siding and replaced the sidewalk All told, Honolulu District contracts
original exterior appearance from the 1940s around the building. The chapel also in U.S. Army Hawaii signify the Corps’
and brought the facility up to current received a new handicap-accessible ramp commitment to provide high-quality
building codes while also adhering to and a fresh coat of paint on the interior facilities to the armed forces of the United
current antiterrorism and force protection and exterior. States and to protect and improve the lives
requirements. of the people of Hawaii and the region.
“Complying with federal law was the
Other challenges included removing most challenging aspect of the project,”
the old roof by lifting it off the building POC is Aiko Brum, 808-656-3155, aiko.brum@
said Darren Carpenter, resident engineer,
in sections, retrofitting all of the buildings us.army.mil; or Joseph Bonfiglio, chief, Public
Honolulu District.
with new fire sprinkler lines and installing Affairs, Honolulu District, USACE, at 808-438-
Federal law requires that all repairs, 8317/9862, joseph.bonfiglio@usace.army.mil.
blast-resistant windows around steel tubing
renovations and alterations to federal
frames. Aiko Brum is chief, Internal Communication,
buildings are reviewed under the National
Specific repairs included replacing the Historic Preservation Act of 1966. The Public Affairs, USAG Hawaii. This article was
roof, floors, windows, doors and all utilities; compiled using articles produced by Honolulu
review process also requires consultation
constructing new bathrooms; reconfiguring District Public Affairs.

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST •NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 23


Vicenza delivers 4 new facilities as Dal Molin continues on track
by Anna Ciccotti

T
he past year has been one of great Each new project was completed on Acronyms and Abbreviations
accomplishments for U.S. Military time and within budget, which epitomizes MILCON Military Construction
Construction projects in Vicenza, the efforts made by the Installation USAG U.S. Army Garrison
Italy, with four new facilities completed, Management Command’s Europe Region
one design-build contract awarded and one to efficiently meet the goals of Army room to accommodate the growing student
project programmed for the well-being of Transformation and Base Realignment and population.
Soldiers and Army Families. In addition, Closure. The two-story, 217,000-square-foot
the new installation, Dal Molin, which The new facilities showcase engineering education building was built for an
consolidates the 173rd Airborne Brigade excellence and sustainable design, meet enrollment of 1,050 elementary students
Combat Team in Italy, is progressing all the U.S. and Italian construction and 370 middle school students. Features
rapidly. standards and regulations, and conform to include multipurpose labs, gymnasiums,
The four completed projects were current anti-terrorism and force protection a shared media center, a shared multi-
managed by the Transformation requirements. purpose hall with a stage for school plays
Construction Management Office of the and events, and an adjoining kitchen for
U.S. Army Garrison Vicenza and the Villaggio construction school lunches. It was designed to meet the
Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Less than three years after the latest Department of Defense Dependents
the construction agent for U.S. Army groundbreaking for the school complex Schools’ requirements and to provide
Italy. With timely project execution, a in November 2007, the completion of students with a world-class environment
new school complex, a child development the $30 million project was celebrated for learning and growth.
center and school-age services facility, a Sept. 10. The school complex is located The combined child development center
modern access control point and a state-of- in the Villaggio housing area, where 100 and school-age services facility is located
the-art health care facility were completed. housing units were demolished to make adjacent to the school complex and opened
its doors Sept. 2. The $10 million, single-
story facility can accommodate up to 348
children in its 44,000 square feet.
The child development center features
a dedicated kitchen and 13 rooms for
infants, toddlers, preschool and multi-age
activities. A central lobby connects it to
the school-age services building, which
offers child care before and after school.
The specialty rooms for computers, arts,
dance and music activities incorporate the
most forward-thinking ideas in educational
The $37.5 million, state-of-the-art health center replaces separate medical, dental, birthing and behavioral architecture, meeting the developmental
health facilities that were spread out around the post. Photo courtesy of USAG Vicenza needs of 21st century children. ➤

Construction progress is more than 30 percent complete at the Dal Molin site, future home of the 173rd Airborne Combat Team. Photo courtesy of the Naval Facilities
Engineering Command, Vicenza, Italy

24 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST •NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page)
A state-of-the-art access control point
was also constructed on Villaggio. The
entry gate is sized to smoothly manage the
increased traffic flow to the area.
A design-build contract for $4.6
million was awarded June 30 to build a
22,000-square-foot child and youth activity
center. The center will also be on Villaggio
and will be architecturally compatible with
the new school complex and the child
development center.
The USAG Vicenza military community’s new school complex awaits the arrival of elementary and middle
The project is scheduled to be completed school children at the start of the school year. Photo courtesy of the USAG Vicenza
by October 2012.
A new high school located next to Built to the highest medical design Sustainable design for utilities and
the middle school is programmed to standards, the facility is the largest infrastructure is a key aspect of this
start construction in 2012. This $41 European Regional Medical Command project since the multi-facilities complex
million, 119,000-square-foot project will construction project in the last 20 years. is being built for Leadership in Energy
accommodate 370 students. Environmental Design certification.
Along with general and specialty Dal Molin Compliance criteria are very rigorous, and
classrooms, features include a gymnasium On Dal Molin, the future home of the timelines allow no room for inaccuracy.
with guest seating, a media center, 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team, the
In the next few months, the number
a softball field and a football field $289 million construction project is moving
of workers and work on site will reach its
surrounded by a regulation track. It is at a rapid pace. With less than two years to
peak. The challenges are huge with the
slated to be complete in 2014. go until completion, construction progress
workforce increasing from the current 300
is more than 30 percent complete with
Caserma Ederle to around 700 by spring and construction
about $70 million of construction in place.
under way in every facility.
On Caserma Ederle, three years after Twenty-six cranes dominate the ever-
the September 2007 groundbreaking, the An enormous amount of work has been
changing site’s skyline with buildings
new health center opened its doors to accomplished, and there is still a long way
growing daily. The brigade headquarters
patients Sept. 27. The $37.5 million, two- to go.
and the recreation facility have covered
story center was built to consolidate the roofs, and the precast-concrete structure This last year was marked by the
aging dental, health care, birthing center is finished for the two six-level parking incredible performance and development
and social work facilities that had been garages. Impressive systems of scaffoldings, of the Vicenza MILCON. Four large
scattered throughout the post. concrete slabs and steel beams are projects were delivered on-time and under-
The health center brings a ubiquitous on site and particularly budget. The entire Dal Molin installation
comprehensive array of inpatient and noticeable on the two five-story barracks is making excellent progress and remains
outpatient clinics into one 106,000-square- where 33,000 square feet of brick wall on track.
foot facility. Specialties include primary partitions are already up in the dwelling These success stories give confidence
care, orthopedics, women’s health services, units that will house 1,200 Soldiers. that solid foundations are in place for
pediatrics, pharmacy, radiology, physical Simultaneous with vertical construction, timely delivery of Dal Molin by fall 2012.
therapy, optometry, social work and dental there is just as much work being done
services. underground and within the buildings. POC is Anna Ciccotti, DSN 314-534-2007, anna.
In fact, the center provides several More than six miles of pipelines, three ciccotti@eur.army.mil.
services that had been available only at miles of medium voltage cables and 14 Anna Ciccotti is the strategic communications
the Landstuhl facility in Germany, saving electrical substations have been placed to specialist, Transformation Construction
Army patients an inconvenient 12-hour date for future connection to the urban Management Office, USAG Vicenza, Italy.
drive from Vicenza. grid.

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 25


Public Works Technical Bulletins: 2010 in review
by Dana Finney

U
seful, hands-on guidance, assistance
and technology tips for directors
of Public Works and Army Corps
of Engineers districts continued to flow
during fiscal year 2010 with the release of
19 new Public Works Technical Bulletins.
The latest PWTBs tackle environmental
issues such as wastewater effluent reuse,
selecting the right seeds for revegetating
eroded lands and chlorine disinfection
alternatives.
Most PWTBs can be downloaded
from the Whole Building Design Guide
website. You can navigate to this site
easily through either the Construction
Engineering Research Laboratory website
or Engineering Knowledge Online’s public
pages: http://www.cecer.army.mil or https://
eko.usace.army.mil. For those documents
not yet posted, see the POC information A novel microbial mat and polishing system did not meet pilot test goals for treating leachate from Fort Hood’s
below. landfill. Photos courtesy of Engineer Research and Development Center

Brief descriptions of recently published Collection, describes current Army solid for Army facilities in various climate
PWTBs follow. waste collection and disposal practices. conditions by geographical regions.
PWTB 200-1-66, Detection of Fuel Because private contractors usually (Editor’s note: See article on page 29.)
Spills in Wastewater Collection Systems, provide solid waste services, this PWTB PWTB 200-1-71, Lessons Learned:
reports the results of a technology presents alternative performance-based and 404/401 Permitting on Military Training
demonstration conducted at Fort Bragg, resource management contracting concepts Lands, provides a snapshot in time of
N.C. The study successfully demonstrated designed to save money and promote waste regulatory requirements and of lessons that
that fuel spills entering a sanitary sewer reduction. were gleaned from military land managers
system can be automatically detected and
PWTB 200-1-69, Demonstration of the and environmental coordinators for 404
reported to DPW personnel by the use of
EcoPod Composting System at Fort Lewis and 401 permitting.
specialized equipment placed in a manhole
and Fort Hood, Transmits information PWTB 200-1-73, Reuse of Materials
downstream of the spill.
about an innovative composting system, from Modular, Relocatable Facilities,
PWTB 200-1-67, Update to PWTB EcoPod, that was demonstrated at two provides guidance for recovering, reusing
200-1-38, Spill Prevention Control and U.S. Army installations and discusses and recycling building materials typically
Countermeasure Plan, provides a review of operation of the system, compared to other found in modular, relocatable buildings
the regulations concerning spill prevention composting systems, equipment involved, installed under the Army transformation
control and countermeasure plans along use of additives and recommendations or process.
with basic information that can be used conclusions regarding EcoPod and other
by installation personnel responsible for composting methods. PWTB 200-1-74, Effective Use of
making decisions on how best to manage Soil Coring for Archaeology and Pollution
PWTB 200-1-70, Converting Prevention Site Characterization, describes
stored petroleum to prevent releases to the
Nonnative Plant Species of Improved and available soil sampling technologies and
environment.
Unimproved Grounds to Low-Maintenance practical guidance on their effective use
PWTB 200-1-68, Efficient Solid Waste Native Plant Species, provides guidance by archaeologists and pollution prevention
Acronyms and Abbreviations for the conversion of improved and personnel.
DPW Directorate of Public Works unimproved grounds to low-maintenance
PWTB Public Works Technical Bulletin native plant species that can be used on PWTB 200-1-75, Rainwater
SIRRA Sustainable Installations Regional Resource Army facilities. The PWTB includes Harvesting for Army Installations, provides
Assessment an overview of native plants appropriate an overview of rainwater harvesting,

26 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page)
the capture of rainfall runoff from roofs or
similar hard surfaces that would normally
escape to storm sewers or overland flow, for
Army installations. Rainwater harvesting
provides a high quality water source that
can be used to extend an installation’s water
supply.
PWTB 200-1-76, Universal Waste
Management and Disposal, reviews the
universal waste rule and provides basic
information that can be useful at locations
responsible for decisions on how best to
manage and dispose of universal waste.
PWTB 200-1-78, Spray Paint Materials
Management and Pilot Delivery System at
Fort Hood, Texas, transmits the results of a
paint booth emissions management system
pilot study at Fort Hood. One PWTB reports on a study to model ozone precursors produced by prescribed burns at Fort Bragg.
PWTB 200-1-79, Benefits of a
Candidate Conservation Agreement for Recycling at Fort Bragg, N.C., reports the Malcolm.E.Mcleod@usace.army.mil. Request
the Gopher Tortoise and Lessons Learned, results of a JP-8 fuel recycling feasibility PDFs of unposted PWTBs from dana.l.finney@
describes the Army’s experiences from study performed for the fort. usace.army.mil.
2005 to 2009 in the development PWTB 200-1-84, Air Emissions Source Dana Finney is a public affairs specialist, U.S.
and implementation of a candidate Monitoring Technology Implementation Army Engineer Research and Development
conservation agreement for the eastern Study, describes results of an air Center’s Construction Engineering Research
population of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus emissions source monitoring technology Laboratory, Champaign, Ill.
polyphemus). implementation study conducted at Fort
PWTB 200-1-80, Microbial Mat Hood.
Landfill Leachate Treatment System,
ARTICLES
PWTB 200-1-85, Installation Water
describes results of a technology Audit Guidelines, presents information Call for
demonstration at Fort Hood of the use of on how to conduct an installation water
a pilot-scale microbial mat system to treat audit using methods developed during the
leachate from the landfill. Army Installations Water Sustainability The January/February 2011
PWTB 200-1-81, Assessing Regional Assessment research project.
issue of the
Sustainability with the Sustainable PWTB 200-1-86, Regional Water
Installations Regional Resource Assessment Availability Assessment Guidance, informs Public Works Digest
Program, provides information on installation staff about the watershed will feature
accessing and using the SIRRA web-based screening application of SIRRA and
analysis tool. highlights ways in which this assessment Master Planning and
PWTB 200-1-82, Modeling the Effects can support installation water planning Construction
of Prescribed Burning on Ozone Precursors and management. This report details
how installations can become involved in Deadline is Dec. 10
at Fort Bragg, N.C., describes results of an
air pollution modeling study performed for the planning process without extensive Submit articles to
Fort Bragg that determined the effects of and costly procurement and provisioning mary.b.thompson@usace.army.mil
prescribed burning on the concentration of activities. 202-761-0022
ozone precursors in the region.
POC is Malcolm McLeod, 202-761-0632,
PWTB 200-1-83, Feasibility of JP-8

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 27


Installation Management
How to aggressively manage fixed-price construction contract
schedules
by Kevin McCullough

W
hen you manage fixed-price the sequencing and time durations of all Acronyms and Abbreviations
construction contracts, contractor activities on the baseline schedule before COR contracting officer’s representative
performance is key. What approving it. FAR Federal Acquisition Regulation
should you do when a project gets behind Contractors try to get paid as much as
schedule? What can you do to get the evaluation. Interim unsatisfactory
possible at the beginning of the project.
contractor to finish? There are ways to help ratings alert the contractor to their
This is known as front-end loading.
get the contractor back on schedule, or, if shortcomings and can serve as a valuable
Disapprove the schedule if it is front-end
he keeps falling further behind, there is a tool in energizing a contractor to improve
cost loaded.
process for terminating the contract for performance, correct deficiencies and avoid
default. For every contract, there is a government a final unsatisfactory rating.
contracting officer and a contracting
The Federal Acquisition Regulation is After an interim unsatisfactory rating
officer’s representative. The COR is
the legal instrument that is used to enforce is issued, the COR must continue to
usually a project engineer or a construction
the contract. The first piece of advice is to monitor the contractor’s performance and
representative who will refer to the
be very familiar with the FAR. The second document performance improvement or
approved baseline schedule throughout the
piece of advice is that, even if you are vice versa, as the case may be. Documents
contract.
assertive in the steps you take to manage should consist of memoranda of meetings,
the contract, it still takes a lot of effort and Schedule slippage quality assurance reports and photographs.
diligence to succeed. If the contractor falls behind schedule The COR will evaluate the interim
by 5 percent, the COR has the option unsatisfactory rating every three months
When contractors fall behind schedule,
to retain up to 10 percent from progress until the contract is complete. The
you can take steps to aggressively manage
payments. The retention is meant to get evaluations should include the reasons it is
the contractor. Although the procedures
the contractor’s attention and encourage in the government’s best interests to allow
will not be the same for every situation,
him to get back on schedule. the contractor to continue performance of
this article provides a good rule of thumb
the contract.
that is consistent with most government If the contractor slips to more than 30
policies. days behind the baseline schedule, four The contractor has 14 days to respond to
actions can be taken: the intent to issue an interim unsatisfactory
Your goal is not to terminate a contract.
• retain 10 percent on the next progress letter. If the contractor does not respond
If the contractor has an excusable delay,
payment; or if the contractor has not provided
give him a time extension. However, there
justification that shows that the delays were
are cases where termination becomes the • send a letter requesting a 90-day recovery
beyond his control, the COR will prepare
best course of action. schedule and a 90-day recovery plan;
the unsatisfactory rating on the appropriate
• schedule a face-to-face conference with agency form for the contracting officer’s
Schedule review
the contractor to go over the recovery review and approval.
At the beginning of the job, it is very plan and schedule, and to discuss the
important that the contractor submits a impact and the consequences of contin- Cure notice
realistic cost-loaded baseline schedule, ued late performance; and If after 30 days from the date of
which is the benchmark for schedule
• meet weekly with the contractor to jointly the interim unsatisfactory rating, the
progress throughout the life of the project.
evaluate the schedule recovery until the contractor has not shown material schedule
Carefully review the earnings curve, and
contractor is back on schedule. improvement or a valid justification for
the delay, the government can issue a cure
Unsatisfactory evaluation notice. The contractor is given 10 days to
If after 30 days from the date respond.
of the first joint conference,
If the COR receives a written response
there has been no material
to the cure notice from the contractor
schedule improvement,
within 10 days, the COR and the
the COR should send the
contracting officer review the response
contractor notice of the
to see if the contractor has a convincing
government’s intent to issue
argument why he is behind schedule ➤
an interim unsatisfactory

28 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


Converting to low-maintenance grasses in improved, unimproved areas
by Heidi R. Howard

T
he costs, both environmental and addresses how to convert areas into stands
financial, of periodic or regularly of low-growing or low-maintenance
scheduled turf maintenance on species to help reduce economic and
cantonment and noncantonment areas environmental impacts.
can dominate the budgets of installation Converting areas into native low-
Directorates of Public Works and natural growing stands could reduce the
resources offices and can have adverse maintenance burden and labor schedules
impacts such as excessive erosion and through improved management. One
sedimentation. A new Public Works example is selecting appropriate locally
Technical Bulletin, developed by the adapted low-growing grass mixes to reduce
U.S. Army Engineer Research and mowing costs on small arms ranges or for This closeup shows some of the native vegetation
Development Center’s Construction improved and unimproved road rights-of- in CERL’s demonstration plots. Photo courtesy of
Engineering Research Laboratory, way. ➤ Engineer Research and Development Center

(continued from previous page) Other considerations and the contracting officer’s review.
and how he plans to get back on schedule When deciding whether to terminate The termination for default process
quickly. The government may decide that a contract, the contracting officer and the is much shorter if the contractor
the contractor has a valid justification Office of Counsel look at the big picture. has abandoned the job site and does
and give 30 more days to “get well” while They study the facts to see if allowing the not respond to correspondence. The
the government monitors the contractor’s contractor to continue is advantageous to government issues the cure notice at that
performance. the government. point, the show cause letter 10 days later
Time and money are factors. It and then the termination for default.
Show cause takes four to six months to re-advertise
If the government decides that the Advice
and procure a new contractor. They
contractor’s letter does not provide may decide to allow the contractor to To successfully navigate this
justification for delays or there is no complete the project if it is expected he process, the COR must thoroughly
response to the cure notice within 10 would finish within three months. It document the contractor’s performance.
days, the contracting officer issues a may cost less to allow the contractor to Recommendations are:
“show cause” letter. The show cause complete the project than the cost to • Work closely with Contracting.
letter allows the contractor 10 days to advertise and reprocure the contract. • Keep dealings with the contractor pro-
present mitigating circumstances why fessional at all times.
They will also determine if the
the government should not terminate
contractor is financially able and is • Write letters whenever the contractor is
the contract. If the contractor does not
motivated to complete the project. There behind schedule or is not following the
respond within 10 days, the contract may
may be liquidated damages when the contract.
be terminated for default.
project is past the contract completion • Take meeting minutes at all meetings.
If the contractor sends a written date, which may be a factor as well. • Take pictures of progress in the field
response, the contracting officer
Termination and of any defective work.
evaluates the response to determine if
the contractor provided justification for In the final step in the process, • Write thorough daily reports.
the past delinquency in terms of one of the COR prepares a termination • Document all conversations that take
the 11 excusable reasons listed in the for default letter for the contracting place on the phone or in the field.
FAR. If the delay was not excusable, the officer’s signature. The termination for If used wisely, these tools for aggressive
contracting officer can issue a termination default letter includes a summary of the schedule management are very effective.
for default notice. termination decision and the findings
It is now 123 days, or about four of fact. The letter is very specific and POC is Kevin McCullough, 415-289-3037,
months, since the start of the process. detailed and incorporates supporting kevin.mccullough2@us.army.mil.
The termination for default process is documentation. The COR also completes
Kevin McCullough is an administrative
long even if you aggressively follow the the contractor’s final unsatisfactory
contracting officer, San Francisco District, U.S.
steps, so diligence is required. performance rating for Office of Counsel
Army Corps of Engineers.

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 29


Successes
San Antonio installations: More square footage, smaller carbon
footprint
by Brian Dwyer

T
he three military installations in San U.S. Green Building Council to promote Acronyms and Abbreviations
Antonio are entering the final year improved environmental and human health BRAC Base Realignment and Closure
of a five-year period of extraordinary performance. LEED standards call for LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental
growth that was prompted largely by the use of designs and materials that will Design
mission consolidations outlined in the 2005 produce energy savings, water efficiency, USGBC U.S. Green Building Council
Base Realignment and Closure law. By the carbon dioxide emissions reduction and
end of September 2011, it’s anticipated that improved indoor environmental quality. Management Command and a new
more than 6 million square feet of BRAC- building to house the headquarters of
While work continues across the San the 502nd Air Base Wing, which will
mandated facilities will have been added to Antonio construction program as a whole,
the installations, in addition to hundreds consolidate the installation support
the USGBC has already recognized functions of San Antonio’s three military
of thousands of square feet of non-BRAC- individual BRAC projects for incorporating
funded facilities. One thing that won’t installations — Fort Sam Houston,
sustainability into their design and Lackland Air Force Base and Randolph
be expanding, however, is the energy and construction. Earlier this year, the dining
water use of these buildings relative to their Air Force Base.
facility that’s part of the new Medical
consumption levels had they been built just Education and Training Campus on Small details, big difference
a few years earlier. Fort Sam Houston gained LEED Silver The Brooke Army Medical Center
All BRAC and non-BRAC projects certification after a USGBC review yielded project involves construction of a seven-
at San Antonio installations are being 35 points on the LEED rating scale. story, 760,000-square-foot tower addition,
developed according to Leadership in Between 33 and 38 points are required to a central energy plant and a 5,000-space
Energy and Environmental Design qualify for Silver status. parking garage. More than 300,000
Silver certification standards. LEED More recently, the project to expand and square feet of the existing hospital is
is a national green building rating and renovate Brooke Army Medical Center on being renovated. The design attempted
certification program administered by the Fort Sam Houston, which is the largest to integrate enhancements into every
project in the San Antonio program, element of the project that would boost
also marked progress toward obtaining conservation and foster healthier work
LEED Silver certification. A review of environments.
the project’s design produced 23 points A computerized simulation of the project
on the rating scale. An additional 15 in its finished state was created to evaluate
points are being sought during the the performance of every mechanical
construction phase, which is expected to and electrical device as though they were
continue through next summer. operating every day for a complete year.
Other high-profile projects in this The results projected an annual energy
construction program are also being cost savings of 21 percent compared to the
These dumpsters at the construction site of the Tri- built to LEED Silver standards. They energy cost had sustainability features not
service Research Laboratory, a BRAC project, are part include a campus to serve as the new been included in the design.
of an effort to recycle and reuse construction materials.
Photos courtesy of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers home of Headquarters, Installation Realizing this level of efficiency will ➤

(continued from previous page) facilities in various climate conditions is Plant Species, can be found at: http://
The bulletin provides guidance for the provided by geographical regions. www.wbdg.org/ccb/ARMYCOE/PWTB/
conversion of improved and unimproved This bulletin provides a summary pwtb_200_1_70.pdf.
grounds to low-maintenance native of site preparation, installation and
POC is Heidi R. Howard, 217-373-5865,
species that can be used at Army facilities. maintenance of native plant species that
Heidi.r.howard@usace.army.mil.
It delves into the establishment of native have been shown to provide some level
stands of grasses by providing examples of improvement in turf maintenance. Heidi R. Howard is a research project manager,
of site preparation, installation and PWTB 200-1-70, Converting Non-Native Construction Engineering Research Laboratory,
maintenance. In addition, an overview Plant Species of Improved and Unimproved Champaign, Ill.
of native plants appropriate for Army Grounds to Low Maintenance Native

30 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page) remove any irritating fumes or odors from
storage areas.
require a collection of specialized features.
The roof will be treated with a material The adhesives used to secure tile
that helps reflect sunlight, so that less and carpet, the sealants for joints and
energy is needed to cool the building. connections, and the paint and other
In addition, the roof insulation is more coatings used on the project were all
substantial than that required by code, selected because they contain only
and extra wall insulation is being used to moderate quantities of volatile organic
reduce the heat transfer between rooms. compounds, which, in high amounts, can
produce harmful gases.
To further reduce interior temperatures,
ornamental coverings will be placed over This sort of environmental sensitivity
the windows to provide shade. They block is further reflected throughout the
direct sunlight, but will still allow natural tower in the finish materials selected
light to enter the building and permit because of their low impact on the One of three dormitories on the Medical Education and
environment. For example, the wood in Training Campus, which is geared to attain LEED
views to the outside. The window glass
Silver certification, is under construction.
will have a high insulation value, and the cabinets and doors is certified by the
an enhanced solar heat gain coefficient Forest Stewardship Council as having
is to be used instead of the minimum been harvested in ways that did not
required by code. There will also be a large significantly displace plants and wildlife,
structural sun screen in place above the as opposed to clear cutting.
south side of the building to help limit The sustainability of the project’s design
heat absorption. extends outside of the hospital as well.
Inside the tower, the design calls for A pond will serve as the main collection
the use of one air handling unit per point for rainwater runoff from areas
a maximum of 22,500 square feet of around the hospital. In addition to the
building space, which is expected to save rainwater, condensation and water will
a significant amount of energy. This be collected from the cooling towers of
arrangement will allow units serving the hospital’s new central energy plant
areas that are not in continuous use to adjacent to the pond.
be shut down periodically. Employing This water ultimately will be reused to
a larger number of air handling units irrigate the landscaped areas around the A seven-story addition is being built next to Brooke
than usual also permits spaces requiring hospital. Also, sediment that forms in Army Medical Center.
high-efficiency particulate air filters to be the pond will be collected and removed
Training Campus complex are pursuing
grouped with a single air handler so that from the water that is allowed to enter
efforts to have 11 buildings, in addition
the higher static-pressure air flow required storm-water drainage systems and flow
to the dining facility, certified as Silver or
can be minimized. into creeks and rivers downstream.
higher. When completed next year, the
Keeping it clean inside and out Down the road complex is expected to be one of the few
The same amount of effort devoted It’s anticipated that the LEED points in the nation to have attained campuswide
to reducing electricity demand has also garnered by the design of the medical LEED certification.
been applied to bolstering the hospital’s center expansion project will be followed
indoor air quality. The prescribed cleaning POC is Brian Dwyer, 210-627-8439, brian.
by additional construction points that
dwyer@usace.army.mil.
products comply with Green Seal’s would qualify the project for Silver
standard for cleaning and degreasing certification. This project, however, is not Brian Dwyer is a public affairs specialist, Joint
agents, meaning that they are nontoxic expected to be the last one in the San Program Management Office, Fort Sam Houston.
and non-irritating. The hospital staff will Antonio program to become certified.
receive special training on how to safely
Representatives of the Joint Program
use and store these products. Also, the
Management Office overseeing
mechanical system has been designed to
construction of the Medical Education and

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 31


At Fort Carson, employees with common goal of going green drive
success
by Eileen L. Williamson

T
he Omaha District of the U.S. Army ultimately, the end-user.”
Corps of Engineers is working with Contractors are presented with new
the Department of the Army and responsibilities that require a dramatic
the Directorate of Public Works at Fort shift in practices. Attention is focused on
Carson, Colo., to quietly turn the post into recycling, using recycled materials, and
one of the greenest places on earth. tracking and recording the source of project
Since 2007, 12 Fort Carson projects materials and the quantity of material
have resulted in 26 buildings achieving the diverted from landfills.
U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership “We’ve all had a huge opportunity to
in Energy and Environmental Design think and be innovative,” Ellis said. “We
certification. Thirteen achieved Gold were challenged to develop solutions
certification, and another 13 are LEED for waste disposal, lighting, building (Left to right) Vince Guthrie, Fort Carson Utilities
Silver certified. These 26 buildings make orientation and how to measure and ensure Program manager; Cambrey Torres, USACE
Fort Carson’s concentration of LEED- we were meeting the standards for LEED project engineer; and Hal Alguire, Fort Carson
certified buildings one of the highest in the certifiable.” DPW; discuss the LEED features of Fort Carson’s
country. new Wilderness Road Complex. Photo by Susan C.
The requirement for a facility to be Galentine
Another 50 buildings are part of LEED certifiable presented its own
30 projects presently pursuing LEED at Fort Carson.
challenge: How does a project management
certification. The facilities are at various team sign off on a project as certifiable? “The solutions they have developed, the
stages of the certification process. approaches of each design team and the
Pursuing certification from the start
In 2006, as the Army required that all lessons we are learning will influence the
of the project is less expensive than a
new buildings were to be LEED Silver future of energy-efficient and sustainable
retroactive review, which can cost tens
certifiable, Fort Carson was preparing to construction,” Nohr said.
of thousands of dollars to hire a third
receive an entire combat brigade from party to audit records and designs and Some of the green features used at Fort
Fort Hood, Texas. Foreseeing the potential to commission the building. Pursuing Carson are: white thermal plastic olefin
impacts of implementing LEED on several certification from the start with interim roofing to reduce heat absorption; precast
construction projects led Omaha District to reviews by USGBC throughout the design concrete wall panels produced about
step back and look at the ramifications of and construction means the required five miles away, which helps meet the
LEED on such a high volume of buildings. documentation takes place along the way requirement to use 20 percent of materials
“We took the time to get LEED training and results in a cost of about $6,000. produced within 500 miles of the project
so that we understood the philosophy site; solar panels for domestic hot water
Omaha District’s LEED coordinator,
and the processes associated with the heating; skylights and translucent
Brian Nohr, praised the efforts of the team ➤
new LEED requirements,” said Matt
Ellis, USACE resident engineer for the Fort Carson LEED Projects as of Aug. 27, 2010
restationing workload surge. Description Level Points Cert Date Bldgs
USACE project engineer Cambrey Bde Combat Tm-Hvy, Co Ops Facility Silver 37 pts Dec 08 6
Torres agreed. Bde Combat Tm-Hvy, Bde Btn HQ Gold 40 pts Mar 09 1
“The LEED process is something that Div HQ - Cmd & Ctrl Facility Silver 33 pts Jun 09 1
requires a change of habit,” Torres said. Div HQ - Btn HQ Silver 33 pts Oct 09 1
“It is a change in the overall mindset for Bde Combat Tm-Hvy barracks Gold 39 pts Nov 09 4
designers, contractors, the military and, Unacc Pers Hsg South Barracks Gold 39 pts Nov 09 1
Acronyms and Abbreviations Div HQ - Band Training Facility Gold 41 pts Jan 10 1
DPW Directorate of Public Works Div HQ - Unacc Pers Hsg & Co Ops Facility Silver 34 pts Feb 10 2
LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental O’Connell Barracks Bldg 1000 Silver 33 pts Feb 10 1
Design O’Connell Co Ops Facility Bldg 515 Silver 38 pts Feb 10 1
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Air Support Ops Squadron Silver 35 pts Apr 10 1
USGBC U.S. Green Building Council
Bde Combat Tm-Hvy, Tact Equip Maint Facility Gold 39 pts May 10 6

32 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


At Redstone Arsenal, Von Braun Complex final phase under way
by Lisa Coghlan

P
hase III of the Wernher Von Braun The recycled construction materials
Complex, under construction at include concrete, steel and cardboard.
Redstone Arsenal, Ala., will be larger Materials with recycled content that are
than Phases I and II combined. The $212 being incorporated into the building
million facility will house more than 2,650 are carpet, steel and ceiling tile. The
Space and Missile Defense Command and building will be Leadership in Energy and
Missile Defense Agency employees in an Environmental Design certified.
840,000-square-foot facility. A substation and upgrades will bring the This rendering depicts how the Von Braun Complex
The SMDC and MDA are being total cost to $221.8 million. Completion is at Redstone Arsenal will look when completed.
partially relocated to Redstone Arsenal, slated for January 2011. Graphic by LS3P Associates Ltd
Ala., as part of the Base Realignment and
TIMNELSON3D.COM

Phase I of the Von Braun Complex $127 million in FY 2009 and $27.8 million
Closure program. provided about 220,000 square feet of in FY 2010.
“This facility is being designed and office space for SMDC and was completed All three buildings combined will be
constructed using the latest in green in 2003 at a cost of $32 million. Phase II, about 1.3 million square feet, which
technology,” said Ron Kalifeh, project built for MDA and completed in 2007, will make the Von Braun Complex the
manager. “All systems and lighting are very cost $44 million and is 230,000 square feet. largest office complex on the arsenal,
energy efficient. Recycled products are Phase III, a six-story building with housing more than 4,500 personnel. The
being used to the greatest extent possible. a basement, will include administrative third phase of the complex is the largest
Construction waste is being recycled.” spaces, a cafeteria, an 800-seat auditorium, administrative building in the state of
a fitness center and a central mechanical Alabama.
Acronyms and Abbreviations plant.
BRAC Base Realignment and Closure, 2005 POC is Lisa Coghlan, 251-690-3320,
The project is being constructed lisa.a.coghlan@usace.army.mil.
FY fiscal year
as a design-build contract and was
MDA Missile Defense Agency
incrementally funded over three years with Lisa Coghlan is deputy public affairs officer,
SMDC Space and Missile Defense Command
initial funding in fiscal 2008 of $67 million, Mobile District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

(continued from previous page) said. Eventually it should result in net- in convenience, such as water in the
panels in conjunction with lighting zero facilities, which meet their annual barracks being set to a lower maximum
controls and occupancy sensors to reduce energy needs through super efficiencies temperature. But, when end-users
energy consumption; habitat restoration and energy generation. understand these efforts help projects go
and maximizing open space during site “When the first project achieved LEED green, the response is positive.
development; and landscaping that uses Gold certification, the bar went up for “When the people who are driving this
native plants to minimize irrigation everyone else,” said Maj. Kevin Lovell, initiative come to the project meetings,
demands. USACE project manager forward. “It was it is clear we are led by a generation
“We need to give real credit to the [as] if they collectively said, ‘If they can that is latching on to these goals for
employees who encouraged the focus on earn Gold, so can we,’ and ever since, they environmental responsibility and running
sustainable construction to bubble up have been aiming for Gold.”. with them,” said Vince Guthrie, DPW
by making sure that [everyone] knew Because the construction-bidding Utility Programs manager. “We are
decisions were made with the goals for environment over the last year has beat benefitting from the return on investment,
LEED in mind,” said Hal Alguire, Fort cost estimates by 10 to 30 percent, the marketability and the positive attention
Carson’s director of Public Works. Army has presented the challenge to for implementing what is, essentially, the
reinvest the savings in further efficiencies right thing to do.”
Enthusiasm from employees leading
these projects was contagious and by emphasizing energy conservation,
POC is Eileen L. Williamson, 402-995-2417,
will continue to drive the program sustainable design, low-impact
eileen.l.williamson@usace.army.mil.
forward including earning certification development and energy independence.
for the operation and maintenance of The final step is educating the end-user, Eileen L. Williamson is public affairs specialist,
existing buildings and achieving LEED both Torres and Lovell said. Sometimes Omaha District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
certification for facility renovations, Nohr the LEED solutions result in a change

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 33


At Fort Drum, Corps looks below Earth’s surface for green energy
by Chris Gardner

W
ith construction booming around would not work for our applications,” said
Fort Drum, N.Y., and the Army Phil Favret, project manager. “But the
looking for more ways to green Wheeler-Sack Barracks is proof that the
its construction practices and buildings, the systems do work here at Fort Drum.”
Fort Drum Program Office of the Army The barracks were two of 17 buildings in
Corps of Engineers, New York District, a $100 million complex completed in 2006.
decided to look into alternative sustainable
energy sources for new construction. Favret said they were pleased with the
Among the sustainable energy sources it is end result of the project and a bit surprised
Crews work on trenches for geothermal wells at
using are geothermal systems for heating at how well the geothermal systems worked the Child Development Center under construction
and cooling. in minus 20-degree temperatures during at Fort Drum. Photo by Dan Desmet, New York
the winters that followed. District
The temperature below the earth’s
surface remains nearly constant between “We conducted a survey of the residents
The payback depends on the building
50 and 60 F. A geothermal system consists in the barracks over at Wheeler-Sack
size and the fluctuating cost of fossil fuels.
of a network of buried pipes filled with Barracks, and we received positive
Increases in fuel costs in recent years
liquid that acts as a heat exchanger to responses from all surveyed,” Favret said.
have actually shortened the estimated
transfer energy to and from the building. A child development center under payback time, he said. The Program Office
A geothermal heat-pump system provides construction incorporates a geothermal is looking into monitoring systems to
temperature control inside buildings heating and cooling system. The facility determine the specific return on investment
without burning fossil fuels. is designed to be Fort Drum’s first for Fort Drum.
“By using these systems, we exceed our Leadership in Energy and Environmental
After success with the geothermal
military energy requirements and reduced Design Gold-rated building.
systems in barracks projects from 2004
utility costs for Fort Drum,” said Edward Contractors have drilled 16 wells to through 2008, the Fort Drum Program
Sim, New York District’s Fort Drum handle the roughly 17,000-square-foot Office is now providing geothermal as a
Program manager. facility’s heating and cooling needs. The primary option in all new construction
For facility occupants, the heating and wells are about 425 feet deep and took where it is feasible. Geothermal does not
cooling of rooms is similar to traditional about a week to drill. The depths of the work well in large, open-area buildings, like
systems. Occupants can adjust the geothermal wells will vary throughout the hangars and vehicle maintenance facilities,
temperature on a room-by-room basis, and installation depending on the geology and where the Corps uses solar walls. Projects
the installation can adjust the temperature thermal conductivity of the area. that lend themselves to geothermal range
from a central location. Using geothermal energy reduces energy from barracks facilities to administrative
costs by reducing the amount of fossil buildings.
The Corps started using geothermal
systems at Fort Drum for the construction fuels burned, which can be intense during Today, geothermal has been incorporated
of the Wheeler-Sack Army Air Field Fort Drum’s extreme winters during which in 19 buildings that are completed, under
Complex. During preliminary design temperatures can drop well below zero and construction or in design at Fort Drum.
discussions in 2002, engineers from have reached the minus 30s. These include the child development
the Fort Drum Program Office toured Geothermal performs very well, center, 11 barracks buildings, a brigade
the local Indian River School District’s even in the cold, said Favret, but in the and battalion headquarters building and an
large building addition that incorporated most extreme temperatures, the system addition to the Guthrie Medical facility.
geothermal to learn about the system’s sometimes needs a boost from traditional Geothermal was also used in the recently
operation and performance. The engineers heating sources. completed Warriors in Transition Complex
also visited other facilities that use and will be included in two facilities to be
Geothermal costs about 30 percent
geothermal to get a better understanding of added to this complex.
more during construction than traditional
geothermal design before incorporating it heating and cooling systems, Sim said. The POC is Chris Gardner, 917-790-8108,
into the designs and contract language for payback — the amount of time it takes for Christopher.P.Gardner@usace.army.mil.
the Wheeler-Sack complex. a facility to recoup that initial cost with
“We heard concerns during the design money saved in utilities — is usually three Chris Gardner is a public affairs specialist, New
phase in 2003 that geothermal systems to seven years. York District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

34 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


At Fort Polk, Facilities Reduction Program demolishes buildings fast
by Jo Anita Miley

A
lthough it’s not unusual for the “Huntsville
Facilities Reduction Program to Center found a
demolish buildings, this is the first contractor that
time the team has taken on a large scale was very capable
demolition project to remove two buildings of doing the job
in fewer than 60 days. The team is tearing and could turn
down a 4,830-square-foot World War it around in
II wooden building and a 31-year-old the customer’s
70,832-square-foot facility formerly used timeline,”
as a thrift shop and an exchange at Fort Thompson
Polk, La. continued. “I am
The FRP, part of the U.S. Army pleased that the
Engineering and Support Center’s contractor did an
Installation Support and Programs excellent job.”
Management Directorate, eliminates Mindy Shelton,
excess facilities and structures to reduce FRP project A backhoe takes down a 4,830-square-foot building, one of two structures at
fixed installation costs and achieve energy manager, at Fort Polk, La., demolished in 60 days by Huntsville Center’s Facilities Reduction
Program. Photo courtesy of Huntsville Center
savings. Huntsville Center centrally Huntsville Center,
manages programs on behalf of the also called the
sure the site was safe, and All Phase
Installation Management Command. Since project extremely successful.
employees followed necessary hazardous
2004, the program has grown to include “Not only did they finish it on time, due material handling procedures. I can’t stress
NASA, the Defense Logistics Agency, the to the condensed schedule, AAFES only enough how important safety is, especially
U.S. Army Reserve and the U.S. Air Force. had minimal time to transfer inventory when a project has to be turned around in
Fort Polk needed the buildings removed from the exchange and food court to a a short time frame.”
to begin new construction. The request was storage area while coordinating demolition
Dennis Jackson, realty specialist, Fort
submitted to Janie Thompson, a general of the old exchange in order to create the
Polk DPW, Real Property Branch, said his
engineer with IMCOM’s Southeast parking lot for the new site,” Shelton said.
office made sure the job was completed
Region. The demolition was given a high Construction and demolition teams properly, in spite of the accelerated
priority and had to be completed in a short worked long hours to get the job done, timeline. Jackson has been working closely
time frame due to the requirements of the remaining well ahead of schedule with All Phase, Huntsville Center project
other organizations involved. throughout the entire process. Contractor managers and IMCOM officials since early
“The timeline for this project didn’t All Phase of Delray Beach, Fla., began June to make sure the project ran smoothly.
allow any leeway and had to be completed demolition June 14.
Complete restoration of the land on
on schedule,” Thompson said. “We had to Workers recycled concrete blocks, the site was finished Aug. 13, and the
accept the Army and Air Force Exchange’s brick, steel framing, aluminum, copper, construction of a new parking lot is
need for the buildings to be removed at tin, asphalt, stone, steel, grass and soil underway, to be followed by an exchange
an accelerated rate in a small amount of from the surrounding area. About 75 and a restaurant.
time. Their organization had to make sure percent of the materials resulting from the
that the work was done during a time “Having a new exchange and Chili’s
demolition were recycled. The contractor
that posed the least problems for them, to restaurant will be a plus for our Soldiers
compiled more than six different piles of
include minimizing [any] adverse effect and their Families, improving their quality
uncontaminated material that was recycled.
on their forecasting and planning future of life,” Jackson said. “This is what is
construction. Robert Hughes, engineering technician, important.”
Fort Polk Directorate of Public Works,
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Real Property Branch, said the recycling POC is Jo Anita Miley, 256-895-1585, joanita.
AAFES Army and Air Force Exchange Service
effort for the site was very well organized. miley@usace.army.mil.
DPW Directorate of Public Works “Hazardous material such as asbestos Jo Anita Miley is a public affairs specialist, U.S.
FRP Facilities Reduction Program was abated immediately, and sent to a Army Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville,
IMCOM Installation Management Command separate facility,” Hughes said. “We made Ala.

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 35


Fort Polk, partners work for rare reptile recovery
by A. Sara Thames

F
ort Polk, La., hosts the Army’s and best management of the species. • recording data on each captured snake,
premier Joint Readiness Training The consortium established the such as specific body measurements and
Center, providing tough and realistic Candidate Conservation Agreement, sex identification, and collecting skin
combat training for the modern light which covers national forest lands in sheds, blood and fecal samples;
infantry Soldier among the longleaf pine Texas and Louisiana and on the Fort Polk • tagging captured snakes to prevent the
forests of west-central Louisiana. Fort Military Reservation. The goal of the collection of duplicate data in the event
Polk is also a haven for perhaps the rarest agreement is to conserve the Louisiana of recapture;
and most reclusive of North American pine snake on federal lands by protecting • sharing information with the Southern
reptiles; the Louisiana pine snake, Pituophis known populations and habitat, reducing Forest Experimental Station to increase
ruthveni. threats to its survival, maintaining its knowledge on genetic diversity, prey
While historically rare, populations ecosystem and restoring degrading habitat. preference and growth or age statistics,
of the Louisiana pine snake declined The agreement addresses the pressing which will lead to a better understanding
precipitously due to widespread logging needs of the species. Through such of the overall biology of the snake and
of the longleaf pine forests during the cooperation in implementing and refining improved management and conservation
last century. In the past, this ecosystem conservation measures, it is hoped that efforts in the future; and
dominated the southeastern United the Louisiana pine snake, in addition •including a Louisiana pine
States coastal plain, covering as much as ➤
to other candidate species, may be
92 million acres. Subsequent conversions recovered without being added to the
of land for commercial use and fire endangered species list.
suppression further reduced available
habitat for the snake. Today, roughly 3 All of the partners work toward
percent of the longleaf pine ecosystem the main goals of:
remains. • reducing habitat fragmentation,
• identifying and monitoring areas of
At one time, the Louisiana pine snake
prime habitat,
was established in at least nine Louisiana
parishes and 14 Texas counties. Today, it is • maintaining or increasing popula-
found in only four Louisiana parishes and tion, and
five Texas counties. Due to this decline, • serving as reservoirs for genetic
the Louisiana pine snake was designated as diversity of the species.
a candidate endangered species by the U.S. The Joint Readiness Training The Louisiana pine snake, a candidate endangered species, is
a large, nonvenomous constrictor, usually 4 to 5 feet long and
Fish and Wildlife Service. Center and Fort Polk are doing their dependent for habitat on herbaceous layers and sandy soil like
As a candidate species, it receives part by: the longleaf pine ecosystems at Fort Polk, La.
no formal federal protection under • managing the lon-
the Endangered Species Act, but does gleaf pine ecosystem
receive protection from direct harm and at the installation
unauthorized collection under Texas using prescribed fire
and Louisiana laws, as well as Fort Polk and forest manage-
regulations governing species of concern. ment through an
integrated forest
Fort Polk biologists proactively manage
prescription process;
for the species, but managing for the
Louisiana pine snake can be challenging • maintaining her-
due to its secretive nature and the limited petofaunal monitor-
knowledge available about its biology ing stations, which
and habits. Due to these challenges, a are sets of traps
consortium of federal and state partners established through-
came together to develop a way ahead for out prime habitat
the reptile’s management with the goals of to document the
establishing a framework for cooperation seasonal presence Traps are used to capture Louisiana pine snakes throughout areas of prime
and ensuring the protection, conservation or absence of the habitat, so that data can be collected from each captured snake. Photos by Chris
species; Melder, Directorate of Public Works, Fort Polk

36 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


Army Hawaii helps acquire land to protect endangered bird, enable
training
by Alvin Char

H
ow does an Army garrison
safeguard both valuable training
areas and endangered species —
tasks that may seem mutually exclusive?
One answer can be found in the Hawaiian
saying, ‘A ‘ohe hana nui ke alu ‘ia: No task is
too big when done together by all.
Located on the central plateau of
the island of Oahu, Schofield Barracks,
Hawaii, provides training and garrison
support to the 25th Infantry Division,
500th Military Intelligence Brigade, On the eastern slopes of the Waianae Mountains, U.S. Army Hawaii establishes and protects endangered
species on the Honouliuli Forest Reserve, home to 39 threatened and endangered species, 16 of which are
19th Military Police Battalion, 599th found nowhere else in the world. Photo by Phil Spalding III, the Nature Conservancy
Transportation Brigade, Hawaii National
Guard and other tenant units. Impact areas and protect off-site populations. nella mustelina; and
for high explosive ordnance are located One of the more important off-site • one endangered bird, Elepaio, Chasiempis
at Schofield Barracks and also at Makua mitigation areas is directly to the south of sandwichensis.
Military Reservation on Oahu’s leeward the Schofield Barracks impact area, on a Use of the Honouliuli Preserve for the
coast. parcel known as the Honouliuli Preserve. stabilization of the Elepaio is critical.
The continued use of both impact areas The preserve was owned by the James About 25 of the Army’s required 75
is critical to weapons qualification training Campbell Estate and managed by the breeding pairs are protected each season in
and collective training up to the company Nature Conservancy under a conservation the preserve.
level. Numerous endangered plant species easement. The Campbell Estate placed the preserve
are located on lands surrounding these Eighteen listed stabilization species on the market and sold contiguous fallow
impact areas, which are threatened by are being managed by the Army on agricultural lands in the same area, which
wildfires caused by live-fire training. Honouliuli: also results in the threat of incompatible
In consultations with the U.S. Fish and • four of 25 plant species found at Makua development.
Wildlife Service, the Army in Hawaii Military Reservation; In 2010, U.S. Army Garrison Hawaii, in
is required to protect these endangered partnership with the Trust for Public Land
• six of 23 plant species found at Schofield
plants and animals. Due to the small size and with the generous support of many
Barracks;
of Hawaii’s installations and the critically other partners, purchased and transferred
endangered status of many of these species, • six plant species found at both Makua
and Schofield; the 3,592-acre Honouliuli Preserve to
the Army, in addition to performing the State of Hawaii Department of Land
on-site mitigation, is required to establish • one endangered Oahu tree snail, Achati-
and Natural Resources to be permanently
protected. The preserve was renamed the
(continued from previous page) efforts may save the species. For the Joint Honouliuli Forest Rreserve.
Readiness Training Center and Fort
snake initiative in the approved Army As a result, the Army is able to continue
Polk, these efforts provide valued insight
Compatible Use Buffer Program proposal. its work to protect and stabilize these
on how best to manage a unique natural
species and preserve the use of valuable
The Nature Conservancy, a Fort Polk resource while continuing to provide full
training areas in support the Army in
partner, is in the process of negotiating spectrum training.
Hawaii.
with private land holders to secure prime
habitat. This habitat, in the area with POC is A. Sara Thames, 337-531-1563, sara.
POC is Alvin Char, 808-656-5790, alvin.char@
the highest known density of the snake, thames@conus.army.mil.
us.army.mil.
would provide a core stronghold for the
A. Sara Thames is an ecologist, Directorate of
species. Alvin Char is chief, Environmental Division,
Public Works, Fort Polk.
Directorate of Public Works, U.S. Army Garrison-
For the Louisiana pine snake, these
Hawaii.

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 37


Fort Drum Warriors in Transition Complex comes online
by Chris Gardner

T
he recently completed 385th
Infantry Battalion barracks and
adjoining administrative facilities at
Fort Drum, N.Y., are a bit different from
the other barracks projects springing up
as the installation continues to grow. The
385th is one of the Army’s Warriors in
The Fort Drum WIT Complex comprises a company operations facility and a 144-Soldier barracks. Photo by
Transition units, which is a relatively new Chris Gardner
concept for the Army. WIT units are made
distance of WIT housing, including case designed to be more comfortable for the
up of wounded Soldiers and are geared
managers, nurses, social workers and transitioning Soldiers as they heal.
toward helping them make the transition
counselors. The 385th’s leadership is there, “These Soldiers have made great
back to traditional Army units or into
too, and Fort Drum’s Guthrie Ambulatory sacrifices and fought for our freedom, so we
civilian life.
Health Care Facility is across the street. owe it to them to take care of them when
The $35.7 million project consists of two
“The access to Guthrie Facility and for they get home,” said Jay Pratt, U.S. Army
buildings — a 144-Soldier barracks and
appointments is way better than having Corps of Engineers, New York District’s
a company operations facility. The site is
to drive and provide transportation for project engineer for the complex.
capable of expansion for up to seven similar
Soldiers who can’t get around,” said The living quarters have larger rooms,
facilities.
Spc. Brandon Kowalzek, a Purple Heart have kitchenettes and offer the Soldiers
The project was awarded in July 2008 recipient who was injured by a roadside more privacy than in traditional barracks.
and was completed in mid-February. bomb in Afghanistan. “Access to the
Soldiers moved into the barracks April 10. command area is a lot easier,” Kowalzek “It’s actually very, very, very nice for
said.” Army barracks standards and conditions
The company operations facility is where
for single Soldiers to live in,” Kowalzek
Soldiers get medical and personal services, While the facility offers Soldiers many said. “The size of it is basically like a small
and commanders can manage the Soldiers’ services to help them with their healing apartment. You’ve got your personal side
complex and often long transition processes and their transition to traditional units, and the doors to each room. There’s a lot
in one place. It serves as a nerve center there is also help available for those looking more comfort.”
for their healing that is connected to their to transition into the civilian world.
housing. Certain rooms are Americans with
“The ultimate goal is to return the Disabilities Act-compatible. These rooms
“I think the facilities are going to make Soldier to duty,” said Mckee-Sanders. have unique features like adjustable height
the process of transition for the warriors “However, depending on what brought the countertops or specialized bathroom
move forward even better,” said Capt. Soldier here into the WIT unit, sometimes facilities for Soldiers with physical injuries.
Judi Mckee-Sanders, the 385th’s Alpha that’s not always possible. So then, we look
Company commander. “It’s a significant at the next option, which is returning them “Our rooms are now specialized, so
improvement to have everybody under one to civilian life.” if I have a Soldier in wheelchair or who
roof and connected. The process will be has a disability that requires him to sit
Civilian transition can include helping or rest more frequently, we now have the
streamlined.”
Soldiers with career services, exploring ADA-compatible rooms with the stove
Many of the Soldiers, whether they have educational opportunities and determining and countertop that can be adjusted to
suffered physical wounds, psychological what kinds of support the Soldiers will their level, which is a huge plus for those
wounds or both, have a litany of need after they leave the Army. individuals,” Mckee-Sanders said.
doctor, physical therapy and counseling
Spc. Drew Brandenburg, another Soldier The three-story barracks is equipped
appointments and other meetings required
in the unit, was injured while training for with oversized elevators and “areas of
to get squared away for the next steps in
deployment. Brandenburg plans move rescue,” which are special spots near exits
their lives. Professionals who used to be
on to civilian life to become a police where people with disabilities can remain
spread all over the installation or even
officer. He is getting help from education temporarily in safety during an emergency
further away are now within walking
counselors in the nearby administrative while awaiting further instruction. Neither
Acronyms and Abbreviations building. the large elevators nor the areas of rescue
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act The WIT barracks appear similar to are standard for Army barracks.
WIT Warrior in Transition most other barracks, but the rooms are ➤

38 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


Savannah District improves quality of life for Soldiers, Families
by Rashida Banks

M
ilitary Families call on the help projects in support of Soldiers and
of installation child care centers Families are under way within the Corps
to care for their children. Family of Engineers’ Savannah District. These
support facilities like these not only help Soldier and Family assistance centers,
to improve the quality of life for deserving schools, and child development and
military Families who support Soldiers, but youth centers, which will serve thousands
they also provide convincing incentives for of military Families on six installations,
Soldiers to continue their service. uphold the Army Family Covenant, which
“The last thing Soldiers need to be pledges to improve the quality of life for
worried about is their Families when Soldiers and Families.
they are deployed,” said Quian Huff, Providing peace of mind Children enjoy the playground at a Fort Stewart child
facility director of Indian Head Child development center recently built by Savannah District.
Since January 2009, the Savannah
Development Center at Fort Benning, Ga.
District has constructed four child care
“Our facility provides them with peace at Fort Stewart and Hunter Army Airfield.
facilities in Georgia — one at Hunter
of mind, so that they can focus on their At Fort Bragg, several Family support
Army Airfield, one at Fort Stewart, and
mission knowing that their child is in a safe projects are under way to meet the
two at Fort Benning. Several others are
environment.”
under construction at Hunter, Fort Stewart, demands of Soldiers and Families arriving
As an example of this important effort, Fort Bragg, N.C., Fort Gordon, Ga., and at the installation due to restationing
more than $145 million in construction Moody Air Force Base, Ga. initiatives. The influx of military Families
Child development centers on military with school-age dependents has created a
installations typically provide care for shortage of youth and child care facilities.
children ages 6 weeks to 5 years and strive More than 17,700 school-age
to provide a stimulating environment where dependents of Soldiers and Civilians
children can develop motor, cognitive, assigned to Fort Bragg are eligible for care,
social and emotional skills. The Savannah according to Michelle Peralta, Savannah
District builds the centers with these District project manager for schools and
goals in mind. The child care rooms at the child development centers at Fort Bragg.
centers also come equipped with child- “The stationing initiatives are anticipated
sized sinks, toilets and water fountains. to create an additional requirement for
Education specialist Janeen Rosenberg discusses “These centers are not only visually facilities to accommodate 1,300 6- to
bachelor’s degree program options with Staff Sgt. 10-year-olds,” said Peralta. “Currently,
Jaime Perez (center) and Sgt. Juan Batista (right)
appealing but conducive to learning,” said
at the Fort Stewart Soldier and Family Assistance Evelyn Eggins-Alston, facility assistant school-age child development facilities are
Center. Photos by Billy Birdwell director, Child, Youth and School Services full with extended waiting lists.”

Offering support during critical time


(continued from previous page) and designed to grow in phases with When Soldiers become ill, wounded
The Fort Drum WIT Complex was the construction of future buildings or injured, they need to rehabilitate in a
one of the first of its kind. Another has having only a minimal impact to current supportive environment. The new Fort
since opened at Fort Riley, Kan. occupants and the site,” said Edward Stewart Soldier and Family Assistance
Sim, the Corps’ project manager at Fort Center strives to provide that environment
The Phase I project is finished, but Drum. “This is beneficial to the Soldier, to Soldiers and their Families.
the complex will continue to grow. Phase minimizes impact to the environment and
II consists of a battalion headquarters, “Our facility provides a peaceful,
will provide savings to the government.” supportive and safe place for Soldiers to
a Soldier and Family care facility and
48 Soldier rooms. There are also plans share stories and express what’s on their
POC is Chris Gardner, 917-790-8108,
for additional housing, administrative mind,” said Diane Smith, the center’s
Christopher.P.Gardner@usace.army.mil.
facilities, a clinic and, potentially, a dining director.
facility in the future. Chris Gardner is a public affairs specialist, New Savannah District completed the
York District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 15,000-square-foot center in June and
“The WIT Complex was planned

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 39


Los Angeles District revamping water pipes at air force base
by Elizabeth Casebeer

T
hey’re not visible unless unearthed, pipe is the better choice overall because of Acronyms and Abbreviations
but the pipes that carry precious its ability to withstand natural disasters, HDPE high-density polyethylene
fresh water through the cantonment which Southern Californians are no
area at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., strangers to experiencing.
were overdue for a remodel. The U.S. The flexibility in the plastic allows
Army Corps of Engineers’ Los Angeles HDPE pipes to move along with seismic
District is spearheading a $2 million waves, explained contractor Jerry Neuman
American Recovery and Reinvestment of Hal Hayes Construction, Riverside,
Act-funded project to update the some Calif.
25,000 linear feet — roughly 4.7 miles
— of pipes that carry the water from two “This project is partly preventative
nearby reservoirs to the many inhabitants maintenance, so if there were a blowout or
of the base as well as its fire department. earthquake, there would be less of a danger
of a pipe bursting,” Neuman said. “This
The pipes, which were installed around material is very flexible compared to the
1940, are made of steel and concrete, said rigid pipe they have in the ground right
Dale Kirkham, a Corps quality assurance now.”
specialist. These products were what were
available at the time but are not ideal for The project broke ground in July.
long-term use, as multiple maintenance Officials estimate it will be completed in
and routine repairs over the years have late December.
shown, Kirkham explained.
POC is Elizabeth Casebeer, 213-452-3922,
The new pipes are made of high-density elizabeth.casebeer@usace.army.mil.
polyethylene, which will require minimal
Elizabeth Casebeer is the editor, NewsCastle A Los Angeles District project is replacing 1940s-
to no maintenance and will last for years to era steel and concrete water pipes with HDPE
come. In addition to its longevity, HDPE Magazine, Los Angeles District, U.S. Army Corps
pipe at Vandenberg Air Force Base. Photos by
of Engineers. Elizabeth Casebeer

(continued from previous page) several schools at Fort Bragg. Directorate of Public Works Installation
plans to award two more contracts this An elementary and a middle school will Support Program of the Year, by the
year for similar facilities at Forts Benning open next to the new Family housing in Installation Management Command. In
and Bragg. Designed to complement the Linden Oaks Area. At 123,616 square three of the past five years, the Savannah
Warrior in Transition units, Soldier and feet, the school will serve 714 students, District has received this award, the
Family assistance centers provide a one- prekindergarten through fifth grade. The Army’s highest satisfaction rating among
stop location for Family members who are middle school, at roughly 99,300 square engineering agencies supporting the
caring for ill, injured or wounded Soldiers feet, will serve 550 students in the sixth military, a testament to the district’s
and for Soldiers who are transitioning through eighth grades. Located on one dedication.
back to military or civilian life. site, the schools will share a cafeteria and “It is an honor to provide these facilities
The center’s staff provides guidance, parking lot. to our Soldiers and Families who have
assistance and information on finances, The school’s designs meet the standards given so much to this country,” said
child care, family advocacy, military of the Department of Defense Education Peralta. “They deserve the very best.”
personnel issues, legal assistance and a Activity, which will operate both facilities.
POC is Diego Martinez, chief, Army Program
variety of other services. With a kitchen,
Working for great cause Section, Savannah District, U.S. Army Corps of
computer lab, child-care room, playground Engineers, 912-652-5738, Diego.a.martinez@
and fireplace-equipped sitting area, The projects that Savannah District
usace.army.mil.
the center provides a relaxing place for constructs for military Families play a
Families to seek the services they need. vital role in the support of Soldiers and Rashida Banks is a public affairs specialist,
the sustainment of the Army, and the Savannah District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Building quality schools district received recognition for its efforts.
Savannah District is also building Savannah District was named the 2009

40 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


Professional Development
Setting the standard for greatness
by Lt. Gen Robert L. Van Antwerp

T
oday’s challenges in executing the the Army workforce, and all of the available
Army’s mission must be met by a measurement tools to provide for a broad-
workforce that is designed, built based competency-driven Human Capital
and maintained at all levels to consistently Strategic Plan. The competencies required
deliver high quality solutions to the Army’s for a specific position will be linked to a
and the nation’s needs. I have challenged number of personnel systems, like the Fully
our careerists throughout the Army to both Automated System for Classification.
deliver superior performance and set the The development of the Army CMS
standard for our profession so that we can responds to direction from the Under
provide a unique and valuable service to our Secretary of Defense for Personnel and
nation. Readiness to identify Civilian workforce
Lt. Gen. Robert L. Van Antwerp
Our technical expertise serves as the Photo by F.T. Eyre competencies, competency gaps and
foundation that enables us to solve the competencies needed in the future.
progressive leadership and management
myriad of complex engineering challenges The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
approach that broadens work experiences
facing our Army and creates a workforce has stepped forward to help the Army
and steadily provides opportunities for
recognized worldwide for its technical skills with this critical CMS initiative. As part
more responsibility.
and abilities. To maintain that standard, we of USACE’s initiative to improve and
must determine the competencies we need This model addresses senior Civilian
sustain its technical skills and abilities,
to solve the engineering challenges of the leader development, but we also need a
USACE established a National Technical
future. detailed, comprehensive strategy to grow
Competency Team. The team has been
Civilians from an entry level with superior
A clearly identified set of technical working with Army Headquarters
technical knowledge, skills and abilities.
competencies has many benefits for on a pilot study to assist with further
Army leaders have long known that a more
the Army workforce. It improves how development of the Army CMS.
comprehensive approach was required in
supervisors select, train and compensate USACE continues to pursue a
growing our Civilian workforce. To that
employees, and it and provides a solid systematic approach to improving its
end, the Army, in cooperation with the
basis for workforce planning, career technical competency for all careerists
DoD, developed the Army Competency
management and succession planning. including its share of the 18,262 careerists
Management System.
A sound framework establishing the in Career Program 18, Engineers and
Army’s current and anticipated future The Army CMS is designed to validate
Scientists – Resources and Construction,
competencies also helps identify existing specific competency requirements for each
in collaboration with subject matter experts
and future competency gaps and facilitates position, identify proficiency levels of
from across the Army. The Installation
the development of a deliberate strategy for employees in the required competencies,
Management Command has also been an
closing those gaps. conduct gap analysis and accommodate
active participant in this deliberate process
updates and re-evaluations of these
Across the Department of Defense, to analyze and indentify competencies
competency determinations for Army
competencies are now starting to be used required to support the critical Public
individuals and positions. The Army
in hiring and selection activities and to Works missions performed by CP-18
leadership plans to conduct competency-
make informed decisions on creating careerists.
based gap assessments in a phased manner
career growth opportunities. DoD has a Part of this improvement effort is the
for 544 occupations — 328 white collar
Civilian Leader Development Framework creation of professional development
and 216 blue collar — over the next several
to identify competencies that DoD leaders maps to identify functional, technical and
years.
must attain to resolve the array of national core competencies needed for the top 31
security challenges that lay ahead. The Once Headquarters, Department of
occupational series in CP-18. Currently,
DoD career path framework outlines a the Army, completes validation of CMS,
there are more than 20 development maps
it will be used to identify competency
published, which represents 91percent
Acronyms and Abbreviations gaps, and the results of the competency
of the CP-18 population. Work is under
CMS Competency Management System gap assessment will be used to identify
way to publish additional maps by the end
CP-18 Career Program 18, Engineers and the strategies for closing gaps. Army
Scientists – Resources and Construction of December, bringing the total to 31,
Headquarters is also researching various
DoD Department of Defense which will cover 99 percent of the CP-18
aspects of competency management,
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers careerists. ➤
including their potential use in managing

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 41


Directorate of Public Works training available
by Tracy P. Wilson

T
he Proponent Sponsored • energy conservation and management Acronyms and Abbreviations
Engineer Corps Training, known programs such as Energy Savings Perfor- AR Army Regulation
as PROSPECT, schedule for mance Contracts, the Energy Conserva- DoD Department of Defense
Directorate of Public Works courses has tion Investment Program, Utility Energy DPW Directorate of Public Works
been announced for fiscal 2011. All classes Savings Contract and others; IFS Integrated Facilities System
are open to all DPW staff, garrison logistics, • privatization contract management; JOC Job Order Contracting
facility management and contracting staff, • critical infrastructure management; PAM Pamphlet
and Corps of Engineers staff. RPMA real property maintenance activity
• performance-based service acquisitions SRM Sustainment, Renovation and
Course 988 management; Modernization
DPW Basic Orientation Course
• facility sustainment management systems • planning and delivery of engineering
Dec. 13-17, April 18-22 and May 16-20,
like the PAVER Pavement Maintenance services,
Huntsville, Ala.
Management System, ROOFER Roof • design and construction management,
This course provides students with Maintenance Management System,
an overview of the Army installation • safety and quality management, and
RAILER Railway and Railroad Inspec-
management concepts, organizations and tion and Maintenance Management • value engineering energy management.
missions, and DPW missions, functions and System and PIPER Distribution Piping Course 901
operations. The course covers: Inspection and Maintenance Manage- DPW Business Operations and Integration
• administration and management of real ment System; and March 7-16 and Aug. 1-10, San Antonio
property maintenance activities, • plant operations and municipal services As the Army transforms, the focus
• master planning, such as boilers, chillers, custodial ser- has shifted from a budget-management
• acquisition planning, vices, pollution prevention and waste systems to cost-management systems. This
• financial and work management systems, management, pest controls and grounds transformation in business processes affects
and maintenance. DPW business practices and processes
• operational evaluation procedures. Course 902 including information management
DPW Engineering strategies and systems and the interpretation
Course 903
Jan. 24-28 and June 20-24, San Antonio and presentation of qualitative cost data.
DPW Operation and Maintenance
DPWs must be adept at using the General
Jan. 14-18 and July 11-15, San Antonio The DPW Engineering Division
Fund Enterprise Business System, the
This course exposes students to manages acquisition of professional
Installation Status Report, Common Level
management techniques, facility life-cycle engineering and construction services
of Support and costs management as well as
management, performance-based service from a myriad of sources. This course
other continuous process improvement tools
acquisition and sustainment management provides the journeyman an overview of
to effectively manage and measure RPMA
systems. Topics covered include: the engineering and installation business
performance. A few course topics include:
• preventive maintenance management; processes used to accomplish the garrison
• annual work plans;
engineering mission. The course covers: ➤
• component life-cycle management;
(continued from previous page) competency training and experiential learning. This commitment is essential
The competency and training areas learning. in developing and sustaining a workforce
identified in the development maps are that is recognized worldwide as a relevant,
Competencies are not just definitions
being examined and updated. Updates ready, diverse and technically proficient
to assist careerists in building their own
to the professional development maps team capable of solving the toughest
individual career paths. They are critical
will provide guidance on training
means for developing the collective skills of challenges facing the Army and the nation
needed in expeditionary engineering and
our current and future workforce to ensure in our journey to GREAT.
competencies for our deploying Civilians
that we continue to consistently deliver BUILDING STRONG through setting
as well as information and requirements
high quality solutions to meet the Army’s standards of excellence.
for our acquisition workforce. Planned
and the nation’s needs.
additional efforts include expanding these Lt. Gen. Robert L. Van Antwerp is chief of
maps to address specialty areas within I ask that each Army member of
engineers, commanding general of the U.S. Army
each occupational series and updating CP-18 personally commit to continued
Corps of Engineers and the functional chief of
sources and opportunities to obtain needed professional development through lifelong
CP-18.

42 PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010


(continued from previous page) • SRM work classification and approvals in • service contract surveillance techniques,
accordance with Pamphlet 420-6, • quality terms and definitions,
• resource management plans;
• DPW resource management in accor- • pertinent quality related contract clauses,
• work classification and project approvals;
dance with Army Regulation 420-1 and • new DoD procedures that shift the qual-
• Sustainment, Restoration, and Modern- PAM 420-6,
ization; and ity assurance focus from oversight to
• real property master planning in accor- insight, and
• Military Construction. dance with AR 210-20, and • the concept of partnering with the con-
Course 990 • the relationships among the Department tractor to validate the contractor’s quality
DPW Job Order Contracting, Basic of Defense, Headquarters, Department control system, establish meaningful met-
April 5-7, Huntsville of the Army and the U.S. Army Corps of rics and monitor those metrics.
This course teaches students the basic Engineers. Emphasis is on understanding what is
policies and procedures for properly Course 991 needed in terms of contractor management,
executing SRM projects using JOC DPW Job Order Contracting, Advanced worker skills, training, processes,
applicable to the DPW organization on an May 3-5, Huntsville procedures, materials, tools, equipment,
Army installation or community. facilities and all other elements of quality
This course teaches students strategies
The course covers: and procedures for technical discussion and control.
• the elements of JOC; negotiation with contractors in the JOC Course 981
• task order scoping; task order process. JOC is most applicable DPW Budget/Job Cost Accounting
• task order proposal requesting, receiving, to the DPW organization on an Army Aug. 22-25, Huntsville
reviewing, evaluation, negotiation and installation community. After completing
This course provides a concentrated look
documentation; the course, the student should be able to:
at the Integrated Facilities System Job
• task order placement by ordering officers; • serve as a knowledgeable ordering officer
Cost Accounting module’s role as a tool
for the JOC Branch within the DPW;
• key JOC management issues; and to manage the financial aspects of work
• scope SRM projects using the JOC Unit accomplished by the DPW. The scope of
• JOC contract administration procedures. Price Book; the presentations includes both RPMA
The underlying themes through all the • manage construction contracts and resources interfaced to the installation’s
course modules emphasize a cooperative schedules; financial management system and project
working agreement between contractor
• manage projects in accordance with work maintained internally in IFS.
and government, efficient and timely
processing and completion of projects, and RPMA program requirements, i.e., deter- Through lectures, individual study and
adherence to proper contract administration mine appropriate funding programs and exercises, this class teaches students:
procedures. work classification; and
• how to enter cost data into IFS,
• understand the indefinite quantity con-
Course 989 • how obligations and expenses are related
tract delivery process, competitive bid
DPW Management Orientation Course to engineer work documents in the sys-
process and firm-fixed price requirements.
April 11-15, San Antonio tem, and
Course 972
This course provides an executive • how costs, hours and engineering opera-
DPW Quality Assurance
overview of DPW operations and Aug. 9-10, Huntsville. tion resource information is passed to
management for new or returning DPW other accounting systems.
managers. It covers the administration, This course is for quality assurance
To view the full course descriptions and
organization, functions and management evaluators, contracting officer
registration fees, go to http://pdsc.usace.army.
systems of the installation DPW including: representatives and other personnel with
mil or email DLL-CEHNC-Registrar@
contract surveillance responsibilities.
• business operations and management, usace.army.mil.
It incorporates recent DoD guidance
• environmental programs, addressing techniques for service contracts POC is Tracy P. Wilson, 202-761-7581,
• sustainable range management, using commercial item acquisition tracy.p.wilson@usace.army.mil.
• design and construction contract procedures.
management, Tracy P. Wilson is the DPW program manager,
Through lectures, individual study and
Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
• housing functions and funding work group activities, this course provides a
limitations, detailed description of:

PUBLIC WORKS DIGEST • NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2010 43


U.S. Army Installation Management Command
11711 North IH35, Suite 110
San Antonio, TX 78233-5498
www.imcom.army.mil

U.S. ARMY INSTALLATION MANAGEMENT COMMAND

IMCOM